CLEAN OCEAN ACTION 16th Annual Student Summit Spring 2004 Resource Packet for Teachers CLEAN OCEAN ACTION P.O. Box 505 Sandy Hook, NJ 07732 (732) 872 - 0111 Website: www.CleanOceanAction.org Email: BeachTeach@CleanOceanAction.org STUDENT SUMMIT Welcome to the 16 th Annual Clean Ocean Action Student Summit. The Student Summit provides teachers with an opportunity to extend learning beyond the classroom. It is designed to provide middle school students from different areas of the state with an opportunity to experience hands-on, marine environmental education at the Jersey Shore. The Student Summit Resource Packet for Teachers contains the following materials: An overview of each of the Student Summit Program Activities A copy of Science Can Be A Day At The Beach - the Student Summit workbook An Annotated Listing of Curriculum Resources on the Marine and Coastal Environment A listing of Selected Books on the Marine and Coastal Environment A listing of Selected Field Guides to Marine and Coastal Environments Clean Ocean Action’s Our Habitat is Down the Drain brochure - lessons , programs and materials about non-point source or “pointless” pollution that are available for your classroom Selected fact sheets, brochures, and publications useful as resources in your classroom to follow-up today’s program The activities included in the Student Summit have been selected to present the students with an interdisciplinary marine and environmental education experience that compliments the New Jersey Science Standards, including: Learning to identify systems of interacting components and understanding how their interactions combine to produce the overall behavior of the system (Stan dard 1). Gaining an understanding of the structure, characteristics, and basic needs of organisms (Standard 6). Investigating the diversity of life (Standard 7). Developing an understanding of the environment as a system of interdependent components affected by human activity and natural phenomena (Standard 12). In terms of classroom follow-up activities, we encourage you to: Discuss the various field workshops and work stations with your class Review data collected at individual workshops and work station s and have the class graph their results and discuss their significance Consult the curricular materials listed in this packet and utilize related, appropriate lessons and activities from them Repeat some of the experiments presented at the workstations. Change some of the components and compare the results to those collected at the Summit Assign students research reports and presentations about the plants and animals the students learned about at the Summit STUDENT SUMMIT PROGRAM ACTIVITIES OVERVIEW Introduction to Limulus To welcome you to the Summit, we present a brief discussion of one of New Jersey's unique and ancient marine animals, the horseshoe crab. Students learn about the life history of this species that pre-dates the dinosaurs. The workshop covers the myths about this animal, its role in the ecosystem, the biomedical and economic importance of horseshoe crabs, and how humans have impacted this species. Students will be shown the proper way to hold and handle the horseshoe crab so that they can get a closer look at this interesting species. Instructor: Tony Totah, Clean Ocean Action & the Institute of Coastal Education Science Can Be A Day At The Beach (Stationary Workstations) All students participate in an interdisciplinary series of studies included in Clean Ocean Action’s Student Summit Environmental Extravaganza. This interactive series of 10-12 workstations has a variety of hands-on activities for the students to learn about the environment. Topics covered include meteorology, archaeology, and marine invertebrate anatomy and biology. Instructors: Student Volunteers, Marine Academy of Science and Technology Field Activities: Mollusks and Crustaceans Among the most numerous and diverse of life on the exposed and sheltered shores of Sandy Hook are the mollusks and crustaceans. The objective of this field workshop is to use the incredible biology of mollusks, crustaceans, and the surrounding environment to focus students’ observational skills and stimulate interest in marine life. Students will identify, observe, and explore mollusks and crustaceans on the exposed seashore and in sheltered estuaries. With identification keys, students will identify and observe selected mollusks and crustaceans. In the process of their exploration with the fieldleader, students will be introduced to these animals’ fascinating diversity, feeding behaviors, modes of locomotion, and sensitivities to human-impacts. Instructor: Dr. Kristen Milligan, PhD, Clean Ocean Action Seining and Marine Animal Identification New Jersey’s estuaries offer a variety of habitats important as breeding, feeding, and nursery grounds for a diversity of fish and invertebrate species. Many of these species spend only part of the year in area waters, w hile other species reside year-round within certain coastal habitats. Students will use seine nets and sieves to collect fish and invertebrates to observe, and identify common marine animals found in Sandy Hook Bay. Instructor: Dery Bennett, American Littoral Society Holly Forest Walk The Gateway National Recreation Area that is managed by the National Park Service houses the Sandy Hook Holly Forest. Guided by a National Park Service Ranger, students will explore the unique features of the holly forest environment. This forest contains trees that are over 150-years-old, yet due to the salt air, which stunts their growth, they have never reached the height of a mature holly tree. Instructor: Conrad Wizniewski, Sandy Hook Gateway National Recreation Area Fort Hancock Tour Since the colonial era, ships have entered the New York Harbor via the Sandy Hook Channel just off the tip of this barrier island. A fort was first constructed here during the War of 1812 but was replaced with a masonry stronghold in 1859. Students will explore the history of Fort Hancock. They will see how former military lands provide excellent opportunities for conservation areas. Instructor: John Lancos, Fort Wadsworth Gateway National Recreation Area Birds of the New Jersey Shore New Jersey is situated within a prime portion of the Atlantic Flyway, which provides for a diverse cross-section of coastal birds throughout the year. May is generally characterized by decreases in the number of ducks, geese, and swans as the spring waterfowl migration winds down; however, the numbers of shorebirds and wading birds tends to increase. A group of students will join local birding experts in a field survey of coastal birds along the Sandy Hook shoreline. Instructors: Scott Barnes, NJ Audubon Society & Ed Pitts, Volunteer Plants and Animals of New Jersey Estuaries Students will soak up the coastal environs as they embark on a tour explaining the ecological succession of the Sandy Hook Spit. From the bayside salt marshes to the beachside dunes they can witness the change in vegetation. They will learn about the coastal organisms such as the red fox and the horseshoe crab that depend on this barrier island’s ecosystem. Instructors: Student Volunteer, Brookdale Community College Marine Water Quality Monitoring Monitoring of surface water quality is an important source of information used by scientists and environmental managers to characterize water resources, to identify water quality problems and trends, and to develop water quality management strategies. Students will learn about the water quality approach to aquatic resource assessment by collecting and analyzing water samples from Sandy Hook Bay. Instructors: Claire Condie & Ellen Falvo, Monmouth County Health Department Web of Life This activity shows the importance that each species plays in the food web. This exercise will examine a food web that is shared between salt water and the land. This is only an exampl e of a food web—there are larger food webs for the whole ocean, for rivers, and eventually, if you were to spend your life identifying organisms and building food webs, everything would be connected. This exercise provides a hands-on understanding of a small part of this “connection.” Instructors: Eileen MacHaffie & AnnMarie Scarrone, Volunteers Clam Purification Plant Students will be taken on a tour of a clam purification plant in Highlands, NJ, just off Sandy Hook. The students will be given an overview of clams and how they provide a way of life in shore areas. The tour includes a demonstration of processes performed at the plant. Instructor: Kevin Kirk, Clam Purification Plant Beach Sweeps: Understanding Marine Debris Marine debris includes trash and other objects that get into the marine environment as a result of careless handling and disposal. The problem of marine debris has emerged as a critical environmental issue worldwide. Debris in the marine environment is not only aesthetically unpleasant, but it can harm marine life and litter the shoreline. By participating in a beach clean up modeled after Clean Ocean Action’s successful Beach Sweeps program, groups of students will learn about the types, quantities, and sources of marine debris plaguing our coastal region. Instructor: Tina Santoro, Clean Ocean Action Barrier Beach Profiling Waves, winds, and currents shape New Jersey’s barrier beaches. As a result of these forces, beaches are dynamic, ever-changing environments. By making a beach profile, students will get a first-hand view of the shoreline, including sand distribution, beach zones, and tidal water levels. By graphing their results students also learn beach topography. Instructors: Beth Hanratty & Grif Littell, Volunteers Salt Marsh Scavenger Hunt Sandy Hook has a diversity of marine ecosystems. During this field workshop, students will visit Horseshoe Cove and its intertidal flats. The Cove has a sandy beach, mud flats, and salt marsh. Students will participate in a “Sandy Hook Scavenger Hunt” and searchout and identify a diversity of organisms, ranging from birds to plants to mollusks and crustaceans. In this way, students will be closely observing the intertidal ecosystem and its animals and plants. Instructor: Student Volunteers, Brookdale Community College ANNOTATED LISTING OF CURRICULUM RESOURCES ON THE MARINE AND COASTAL ENVIRONMENT Beneath The Shell by the New Jersey Department Of Environmental Protection (NJ DEP Office of Communications, Trenton, NJ, 1993). An interdisciplinary, skill-oriented, supplemental activity guide to teaching about non-point source pollution and its potential impacts on coastal water quality and shellfish in New Jersey. Designed for grades 1 - 8, but can be adapted to the secondary level. and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA Region II, New York, NY, 1994). Educational program in support of the Environmental Protection Agency’s Clean Streets/Clean Beaches campaign that focuses on how the improper disposal of solid waste and litter on our streets negatively affects the beaches and waterways. Designed for use at the upper elementary level. Cleaner Times: The Curriculum Guide by the NJ Department of Environmental Protection Delaware Estuary Issues by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA Region III, Philadelphia, PA, 1993). An information and activity packet about the Delaware River and Estuary watershed, including physical features, biological components, habitats and water management. Designed for students at the secondary level. Global Change Education Resource Guide by Lynn L. Mortenson (ed.) (University Corporation for Atmospheric Research and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Silver Spring, MD, 1994). Comprehensive resource guide designed as an aid to educators who wish to conduct programs and activities on climate and global change issues by providing a select set of materials that help frame and clarify key issues associated with the global environment including natural climate variability, greenhouse effect, sea level rise, ozone depletion, ecosystem response and decision-making under scientific uncertainty. Designed for adaptation at the K-12 level. Living In Water by the National Aquarium in Baltimore (Baltimore, MD, 1987). This curriculum offers a scientific study of water, aquatic habitats, and the plants and animals that live in marine and freshwater environments through a series of questions about water which students answer by conducting a variety of activities using an experimental, science process approach that enables them to arrive at the appropriate answers. Designed for grades 4 - 6, but can be adapted to the secondary level. Long Island Sound Environmental Education Activity Kit by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Islip, NY, undated). This kit is intended to help students and citizens learn more about the Long Island Sound environment. It includes basic facts about the Long Island Sound and its tributaries, activities that demonstrate how the Sound system works, projects that can help protect the Sound system and sources of additional information. Designed for elementary and secondary levels, as well as public education. Project Wild Aquatic Education Activity Guide by the Western Regional Environmental Education Council (Boulder, CO, 1992). An interdisciplinary environmental and conservation education program emphasizing aquatic wildlife that depends upon freshwater environments such as rivers, lakes, ponds and streams or saltwater environments such as oceans, estuaries and wetlands. Designed for elementary and secondary levels. Project WET by the Watercourse and Western Regional Environmental Council (Bozeman, MT, 1995). A curriculum and activity guide containing hands-on water-related activities covering a variety of disciplines in the study of water and resources - chemistry and physics, life science, earth systems, natural resources management, history and culture. Designed for the K-12 level. Save Our Seas by the Center for Marine Conservation (Washington, D.C., 1994). A comprehensive, interdisciplinary curriculum intended to educate students about litter and marine debris and empower them to become part of the solution to this coastwide, global problem. Designed for the K - 12 level. Sound Connections: A Long Island Sound Curriculum Guide by Save the Sound, Inc. (Stamford, CT, 1997). This guide was put together in an attempt to assist elementary and middle school teachers to integrate environmental information on Long Island Sound into their curriculum. The Ocean Book by the Center for Marine Conservation (John Wiley and Sons, 1990). The Center for Marine Conservation’s interdisciplinary curriculum designed to educate students about marine life and marine conservation issues. The Biology of the Hudson-Raritan Estuary by the NJ Marine Sciences Consortium (Sandy Hook, NJ, 1997). A comprehensive educational package focusing on the living marine resources of the Hudson-Raritan estuary that includes background information, student activities, a glossary, and profiles of important fish, birds and invertebrates. Designed for middle schools and high schools. The Seaside Naturalist by Deborah A. Coulombe (Fireside Books/Simon & Shuster, Inc., 1992). A comprehensive guide to studying the various classes of marine organisms and marine communities commonly encountered along the shores of the Atlantic coast. Adaptable for elementary and secondary levels. Turning the Tide on Trash by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA Office Of Water, Washington, D.C., 1992). Interdisciplinary guide that provides classroom lessons addressing the definition, characteristics and sources of marine debris, the effects of marine debris, and solutions to problems associated with marine debris. WOW: The Wonders of Wetlands by Environmental Concern and The Watercourse (Environmental Concern, St. Michaels, MD, 1995). This curriculum supplement focuses on wetland studies that includes comprehensive background material for teachers as well as extensi ve field and classroom activities for elementary and secondary levels. SELECTED BOOKS ON THE MARINE AND COASTAL ENVIRONMENT A Naturalist Along the Jersey Shore by Joanna Burger (Rutgers University Press, 1996). Beautiful Swimmers: Watermen, Crabs and the Chesapeake Bay by William Warner (Penguin Books, 1976). Between Pacific Tides by Edward F. Ricketts, Jack Calvin and Joel W. Hedgepeth as revised by David W. Phillips (Stanford University Press, 1985). Life and Death of the Salt Marsh by John Teal and Mildred Teal (Ballantine Books, 1983). Life in the Chesapeake Bay by Alice Jane Lippson and Robert L. Lippson (Johns Hopkins University Press, 1884). Living with the New Jersey Shore by Karl Nordstrom, Paul Gares, Norbert Psuty, Orrin Pilkey, Jr., William Neal and Orrin Pilkey, Sr. (Duke University Press, 1986). Marine Gamefish of the Middle Atlantic by David Bulloch (American Littoral Society, 1986). New Jersey Coastwalks (American Littoral Society, 1983). One Square Mile on the Atlantic Coast: An Artists Journal of the New Jersey Shore by John R. Quinn (Walker and Company, 1993). The Birds of New Jersey: Their Habits and Habitats by Charles Leck (Rutgers University Press, 1975). The Bottom of the Harbor by Joseph Mitchell (The Modern Library, 1994). The Fisheries of Raritan Bay by Clyde MacKenzie (Rutgers University Press, 1992). The Hudson River: A Natural and Unnatural History by Robert Boyle (W.W. Norton and Co., 1979). Wanderer on my Native Shore by George Reiger (Lyons and Burford Publishers, 1991). Waves and Beaches by Willard Bascom (Doubleday Books, 1980). SELECTED FIELD GUIDES TO MARINE AND COASTAL ENVIRONMENTS Beachcomber Botany (Chatham Press 1980). Birds of North America by Chandler Robbins, Bertel Bruun, and Herbert Zim (Golden Press, 1983). A Field Guide to Atlantic Coast Fishes by C. Richard Robbins, G. Carlton Ray, John Douglass and Rudolf Freund (Houghton Mifflin Company, 1986). A Field Guide to the Atlantic Seashore by Kenneth L. Gosner (Houghton Mifflin Company, 1978). A Field Guide to the Birds: East of the Rockies by Roger Tory Peterson (Hougton Mifflin Company, 1980). A Field Guide to Shells of the Atlantic & Gulf Coasts & The West Indies by R. Tucker Abbott and Percy A. Morris (Houghton Mifflin Company, 1995). Fishes of the Gulf of Maine by Bigelow and Schroeder (Smithsonian Press 2002).