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Medieval Africa Through Maps

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					                           Medieval Africa Through Maps!
                                                                       Desert – Sahara Hot/Arid N. Africa

                                                                                 Berbers trade with W.Africa
                                                                                 Camels “Ships of Desert”
                                                                                 from the Romans
                                                                                 Caravans with 100-1000’s

                                                                       Savannas – Grasslands hot/dry
                                                                                    Herd and Hunt


                                                                       Mediterranean – in the North
                                                                                       Olives, oranges, etc.

                                                                       Rainforest – Central Africa
                                                                                   Hot/Wet
                                                                                   dense vegetation
                                                                                   Benin and Kongo

                                                                                *** Deserts and Rainforests
                                                                                limit trade! ****
Page 445 “Geography and Climate Zones”




                                                                                          Benin – Rainforest

                                                                                          Kongo – Rainforest

                                                                                          Rainforests

                                                                                          * dense vegetation

                                                                                          * surplus of food
                                                                                          leads to artisans
                                                                                          (weavers, sculptors,
                                                                                          metalwork)




Page 448 “Trade Routes of North Africa”

Ghana – trade salt and gold – got rich from taxing traders – Had Iron weapons

Mali – Sundiata Keita and Mansa Musa --- only Kings can have gold nuggets and sewn clothes – “National
Honor of the Trousers”

Songhai – Gold/Salt trade – Sunni Ali and Muhammad Ture (becomes Askia Muhammad)
                                     Axum – On Red Sea
                                            King Ezana converts to Christianity

                                     Ghana – Iron, Salt and Gold
                                             Rich through taxes


                                     Mali – Salt and Gold
                                            Sundiata Keita
                                            Mansa Musa – Hajj to Mecca
                                                           Mosques/Libraries
                                                           Timbuktu

                                     Songhai – Sunni Ali
                                               Muhammad Ture/Askia Muhammad
                                               1591 Arabs from Morocco end
                                     Songhai with cannon and guns

                                     Zimbabwe – Gold, Copper, Ivory Inland in East
Page 451 “African Trading Empires”




                                            East Africa is close to Mecca and
                                            Islam!

                                            Dhows traded up and down the coast

                                            Swahili spoken in East Africa – mix of
                                            African and Muslim cultures

                                            Coastal cities: Mogadishu
                                                            Mombasa
                                                            Zanzibar
                                                            Kilwa


                                            Great Zimbabwe is inland – Gold
                                                                       Copper
                                                                       Ivory


Page 452 “Trade in East Africa”
                                       Ibn Battuta travelled 73,000 miles in 30 years

                                       He wrote about Mansa Musa of Mali and the
                                       mosques/libraries in Timbuktu. Mansa Musa’s
                                       pilgrimage to Mecca with caravans of gold, and
                                       returned with scholars

                                       Islam – close to Mecca!

                                       Christianity – King Ezana in Axum
                                                      European traders/conquerors




Page 463 “African Religions Today”




                                     Bantu Migrations spread common culture across Africa

                                           pottery making
                                           mining
                                           iron working
                                           languages, including Swahili
                                           religion – one Creator




Page 469 “Bantu Migrations”
                                *** African Diaspora ****

                                Before Europeans, slavery in Africa
                                offered at least HOPE of return…

                                Muslims enslaved non-Muslims

                                Europeans – slave trade - 1st Portugal

                                Portuguese Islands: Madeira, Azores,
                                Cape Verde ---- Sugarcane plantations

                                Later other Europeans trade slaves to
                                Americas

                                Dahia al-Kahina fought Muslims
                                Queen Nzinga fought Portuguese slavers

                                Slaves kept culture: art, music, dance and
Page 473 “The Slave Trade”      storytelling




                                     Make a mental map!
                                     West Africa:

                                     Benin and Kongo
                                     Ghana
                                     Mali
                                     Songhai

                                     Coastal Cities in EAST:

                                     Mogadishu
                                     Zanzibar
                                     Kilwa


                                     Great Zimbabwe is Inland to East



Page 479 “Kingdoms of Africa”

				
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