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					                           Homework Helper for Language Weekly




                                Homework Helper
                               Language Weekly




                   Name ___________________________ # ______

                 Keep this in the notebook that you bring to school daily.
                  Use this at home when you complete your homework.
                  Some class assignments may be made from this book.




P. Bishop/revised 6/2009                    1
                                                       Homework Helper for Language Weekly



Weekly Questions
1.   Which   word   or   words   is   a noun?                              12. Which homophones are correct?
1.   Which   word   or   words   is   a verb?
1.   Which   word   or   words   is   a conjunction?                       13. Is this an example of a personification, metaphor,
1.   Which   word   or   words   is   an adjective?                        simile, or hyperbole?
1.   Which   word   or   words   is   an adverb?
1.   Which   word   or   words   is   a pronoun?                           14. Fill in the missing word to complete the analogy
1.   Which   word   or   words   is   a preposition?
1.   Which   word   or   words   is   an article?                          15. Add proper punctuation: quotation marks

2. Underline the subject once                                              16. Write the title correctly
2. Underline the predicate twice
                                                                           17. What does the idiom mean?
3. Is this word singular or plural?
3. Change the word to either singular or plural.                           18. Which two sentences have the same meaning?

4. Write the verb correctly.                                               19. What is the main idea of the paragraph?
4. What tense is the sentence: past, present future?
                                                                           20. Circle the sentence that does not belong.
5. Write the contraction or the two words.
                                                                           21. Which sentence does not belong?
6. What is the root word?
6. What is the suffix?                                                     22. Circle the sentence fragment.
6. What is the prefix?
                                                                           23. Combine the sentences.
7. Write the possessive word.

8. Select the synonym for the word
8. Select the antonym for the word

9. Which words are the dictionary page guide words?

10. Is the statement a fact or an opinion?

11. Put the words in ABC order




P. Bishop/revised 6/2009                                               2
                                  Introduction




        California sets standards for each grade level in language arts. At the end
of the year the state requires that students in our school system take the
“Standardized Testing and Reporting” (STAR) exam.
        These questions are based on the California standards. Weekly review
will provide a stronger basis for student comprehension of these standards.
        Part of the learning process is for students to correct their work.
Homework not done and turned in on the designated day makes it difficult for
students to achieve academic growth.
        The homework is handed out on Tuesday and due the following
Tuesday.
        This homework helper serves two purposes: to assist students at home
when they are completing the weekly assignment and provides additional
assignments to enforce these 24 concepts.
        Homework Helper for Language Weekly is a teacher designed tool. I am
soliciting your assistance in making this user friendly and of value to students
and their parents. Please feel free to make suggestions and any editing
corrections needed.
        The last section of the book is a set of mini-lessons. These lessons will be
done throughout the year as needed.
        This book will be used both at home and at school.




                                     Peggy Bishop
                                        VESD
                              Brentwood Elementary School
                                 MMVII/revised MMIX
                            Homework Helper for Language Weekly



                                       Table of Contents
Question # 1               Parts of Speech                              page    5
                           Noun                                         page    6
                           Verb                                         page   7
                           Conjunction                                  page    8
                           Adjective                                    page    9
                           Adverb                                       page   10
                           Pronoun                                      page   11
                           Preposition                                  page   12
                           Article                                      page   13
Question # 2               Subject and Predicate                        page   14
Question # 3               Singular or Plural                           page   15
Question # 4               Subject Verb Agreement & Verb Tense          page   17
Question # 5               Contractions                                 page   19
Question # 6               Prefixes and Suffixes                        page   20
Question # 7               Possessive                                   page   21
Question # 8               Synonyms and Antonyms                        page   22
Question # 9               Guide Words                                  page   23
Question # 10              Fact or Opinion                              page   24
Question # 11              Alphabetical Order                           page   25
Question # 12              Homophones                                   page   27
Question # 13              Personification, Metaphor, Simile, Hyperbole page   28
Question # 14              Analogy                                      page   30
Question # 15              Quotations                                   page   31
Question # 16              Titles                                       page   32
Question # 17              Idioms                                       page   33
Question # 18              Multiple Meanings                            page   34
Question # 19              Main Idea                                    page   35
Question # 20              Main Idea Sentence that does not belong page        36
Question # 21              Which sentence should come next?             page   37
Question # 22              Sentence Fragment                            page   38
Question # 23              Combining Sentences                          page   39
                           Mini-Lessons                                 page   40




P. Bishop/revised 6/2009                        4
                                 Homework Helper for Language Weekly


                                              Parts of Speech
Sample from Language Weekly homework sheet
Sentence for #1

1.   Which     word        or   words   is   a noun?        _________________
1.   Which     word        or   words   is   a verb?        _________________
1.   Which     word        or   words   is   a conjunction? _________________
1.   Which     word        or   words   is   an adjective? _________________
1.   Which     word        or   words   is   an adverb?     _________________
1.   Which     word        or   words   is   a pronoun?     _________________
1.   Which     word        or   words   is   a preposition? _________________
1.   Which     word        or   words   is   an article?    _________________

Directions
   • List each word under one category: noun, verb, conjunction, adjective,
       adverb, adverb, adverb, pronoun, preposition or article.
   • Refer to the page number listed next to each part of speech for help.



Example

Sentence for #1            Her older brother and sister ran quickly to the school.

1.   Which     word        or   words   is   a noun?        brother, sister, school
1.   Which     word        or   words   is   a verb?        ran
1.   Which     word        or   words   is   a conjunction? and
1.   Which     word        or   words   is   an adjective? older
1.   Which     word        or   words   is   an adverb?     quickly
1.   Which     word        or   words   is   a pronoun?     her
1.   Which     word        or   words   is   a preposition? to
1.   Which     word        or   words   is   an article?    the




P. Bishop/revised 6/2009                              5
                           Homework Helper for Language Weekly


                                   Parts of Speech
                                        Noun
                                 person, place, thing

        The word noun comes from the Latin word nomen. Nomen means name.
This is a good description because nouns are used to name persons, places or
things.
        When action takes place, requiring a verb, the action is done by a noun.
The two main parts of a sentence are the noun and the verb.


         The WHO           or WHAT of a sentence is the NOUN

         There are different types of nouns:
            • Common nouns, such as girl or country
            • Proper nouns, such as Dorothy or the Land of Oz
            • Plural nouns, such as wizards or moats




Reminder: Proper nouns are always capitalized




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                            Homework Helper for Language Weekly


                                    Parts of Speech
                                         Verb
                           provides action or a state of being
         The verb is the heart of each sentence; it explains what it going on.
        The WHAT’S             HAPPENING of a sentence is the VERB.
There are different types of verbs
   • Action verbs explain what is happening (dance, jump)
   • Linking verbs do not express action. Linking verbs connect the subject to
      what it is equal to. (Sara is a genius. The roads were a slushy mess)
   • Helping verbs are used with another verb to tell more of the action (The
      picnic will be cancelled because of the rain.)

                   Helping with helping verbs, the tale of Mr. Do
        Once upon a time there was a wealthy merchant named Mr. Do. Mr. Do
was very old and very rich. His many relatives were dreaming of the day the old
man would die. They wondered which one of them would inherit his money.
Finally, one day Mr. Do did die. All the relatives searched his house for a will.
They didn't find one. They searched his house three times. They still did not find
a will. The relatives did not get one dime of Mr. Do's fortune.
                      The moral: Maybe Do should have a will.

                                       Helping Verbs

                           May be      do   should have Will
                           might being does could had can
                                 been
                           must        did would has shall
                                 am
                                 are
                                 is
                                 was
                                 were




Just remember this sentence and you will know how to set up a chart of the 23 helping verbs.




P. Bishop/revised 6/2009                       7
                              Homework Helper for Language Weekly


                                        Parts of Speech
                                         Conjunction

                                          join together

      Conjunctions join words or phrases together. A conjunction can be used
to combine two different sentences.
Example # 1
      Jack went up the hill. Jill went up the hill.
  Using a conjunction     Jack and Jill went up the hill.

Example #2
      Language is due on Tuesday. Math is due on Wednesday.
Using a conjunction    Language is due Tuesday, but math is due Wednesday.

Example # 3
      Language is not due on Friday. Math is not due on Friday.
Using conjunctions     Neither language nor math are due on Friday.

         There are three different types of conjunctions.
            • Coordinating conjunctions join together words or phrases. There
               are only 7 coordinating conjunctions. See examples #1 and #2


                                    F   A    N   B   O Y     S
                                    for and nor but or yet So


              •    Correlative conjunctions are pairs of words that join parts of a
                   sentence (phrases). See example # 3

                             The 5 sets or correlative conjunctions are
         both/and          either/or neither/nor not only/but also        whether/or

              •    Subordinating conjunctions begin a clause, some of them include;
                   after, although, as, because, before, if, since, so, though, unless,
                   until, where, when, wherever, while




P. Bishop/revised 6/2009                         8
                           Homework Helper for Language Weekly


                                    Parts of Speech
                                       adjective

                               add to a noun, pronoun

      Adjectives make writing come alive. They add color (red, blue), size
(miniscule or humongous), and detail (energetic, scrumptious). They modify
nouns or pronouns by providing more detail. (the enormous green dragon).




                    Adjectives answer the questions
             What Kind? How Many? and Which One?




         There are different types of adjectives
            • Common adjectives such as cheerful or red
            • Proper adjectives, which are formed from proper nouns. Examples
               are Italian and Victorian.
            • Compound adjectives, which are formed by putting two words
               together, such as warm-blooded or old-fashioned.
            • Comparative or superlative adjectives, such as good, better, best.
               Good is a common adjective. (Peyton is a good quarterback.) Better
               is comparative adjective, comparing two things (Peyton is a better
               quarterback than his brother.). Best is a superlative adjective,
               comparing more than two things (Peyton is the best quarterback in
               his entire family).




P. Bishop/revised 6/2009                   9
                           Homework Helper for Language Weekly


                                    Parts of Speech
                                        Adverb

                                    adds to a verb

       Adverbs modify or explain verbs. Adverbs can also modify adjectives or
other adverbs.
         Most, but not all, adverbs end in    -ly.




                                     Adverbs tell
                                        When
                                       Where
                                        How
                                     How Often
                                 or to What Extent
                                  something happened


The queen will see you soon.
                    Soon              Tells you when the queen will see you

The queen sits back on her throne.
                    Back         Tells you where the queen sits.

The queen sits regally on her throne.
                     Regally      Tells you how the queen sits.

Cinderella ran home very quickly.
                   Very         Modifies adverb quickly
                                Tells you to what extent she ran quickly.




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                           Homework Helper for Language Weekly


                                    Parts of Speech
                                       Pronoun

                              takes the place of a noun

       Pronouns take the place of nouns. They make it possible to write more
clearly. Some common pronouns are he, she, them, you and us.
       Jenny is Jenny’s name. Jenny is the one carrying the blue backpack that
belongs to Jenny’s sister.

Can be changed to

       Her name is Jenny. She is the one carrying the blue backpack that belongs
to her sister.




         Two rules to remember when using pronouns

         1. Use a feminine pronoun, such as she or her, for a girl; and a masculine
         pronoun, such as he, him or his for a boy.

         2. Make sure the pronouns agree in number.
         Jenny is popular.                     She is popular.
         Jenny and Lynn are popular.           They are popular.




P. Bishop/revised 6/2009                   11
                           Homework Helper for Language Weekly


                                    Parts of Speech
                                     Preposition

                   relates a noun to other words in the sentence

       To begin, think of a preposition as anywhere that a squirrel can be in
relationship to a log
       A squirrel can be on, under, above against, near or around a log.

       Prepositions are usually used before nouns, articles or a phrase that ends
with a noun. (to school, for the class, beyond the sea, after the storm)


                              A preposition can show

                             Where something is located
                            Or When something happened

Here is a list of common prepositions

                               Aboard, about, above, across
                                 Against, along, around
                                 Amid, among, after, at
                                Except, for, during, down

                              Behind, below, beneath, beside
                                Between, before, beyond,
                               By, in, from, off, on, over, of
                                     Until, unto, upon

                               Under, underneath, since, up
                           Like, near, past, throughout, through
                              With, within, without, instead
                                  Toward, inside, into, to




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                           Homework Helper for Language Weekly


                                     Parts of Speech
                                         Article




                                 This is a small part of the parts.

                                    There are only 3 articles:




                                              A
                                             An
                                             The

                                 It is used to introduce a noun.




NOTE:
    •    A more common 8th part of speech is the Interjection.
    •    An interjection is a word that expresses emotion or surprise.
    •    Ouch! Zap! Ha! Pop! are examples of interjections.
    •    Interjections are usually a one word sentence, followed by an exclamation
         point.
    •    Interjections are not included in Language Weekly homework.




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                            Homework Helper for Language Weekly


                                   Subject and Predicate
Sample from Language Weekly homework sheet
2. Underline the subject once
2. Underline the predicate twice




Directions
   • Use the sentence from question number one
   • Draw a single line under the subject
   • Draw two parallel lines under the predicate



Example
                      Her older brother and sister   ran quickly to the school.
                                                     __________________



The subject tells who or what is doing something. It contains at least one
noun or pronoun and words that describe the noun or pronoun.


The predicate tells what is happening. It contains the verb and words that
describe the verb. It can also include a prepositional phrase.




P. Bishop/revised 6/2009                        14
                           Homework Helper for Language Weekly


                                  Singular or Plural
Sample from Language Weekly homework sheet

3. Is this word singular or plural?                              ______________
3. Change the word to either singular or plural.                 ______________




Directions
   • Determine if the word is singular or plural
   • If the word is singular, rewrite it as a plural word. If the word is plural,
       rewrite is as a singular word.




Example

Half               3. Is this word singular or plural?                 singular
                   3. Change the word to either singular or plural.    halves



                               Singular means one
                             Plural means more than one




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                           Homework Helper for Language Weekly


                                 Singular and Plural

To make the plural form of most noun              Add s to the end of the noun


If the noun ends with a consonant and then y Change the y to i and then add es
              Examples:
                    baby ---> babies
                    city ---> cities

If the noun ends with a vowel and then y          Add s to the end of the noun
              Examples:
                    boy ---> boys
                    day ---> days

If the noun ends with fe or f                     Change the f to v and then add s
              Examples:
                    wife ---> wives
                    wolf ---> wolves

If the noun ends with sh, ch, ss, or x            Add es to the end of the noun
              Examples:
                    wish ---> wishes
                    match ---> matches
                    glass ---> glasses
                    box ---> boxes

If the noun ends with a consonant o               Adding es
              Examples:
                    tomato ---> tomatoes
                    potato ---> potatoes

If the noun ends in a vowel and then o            Add s
              Examples:
                     zoo ---> zoos
                     radio ---> radios




P. Bishop/revised 6/2009                   16
                              Homework Helper for Language Weekly


                           Subject Verb Agreement & Verb Tense
Sample from Language Weekly homework sheet

Sentence for # 4

4. Write the verb correctly.                         ______________
4. What tense is the sentence: past, present future? ______________




Directions
   • Copy sentence 4 for the week from the poster on the wall.
   • Copy the single verb that is written on the poster. Copy it in the margin
       of your Language Weekly homework sheet, next to the answer space for
       question # 4 (there are two questions).
   • Read the sentence. Is the subject singular or plural? Is the verb singular
       or plural?
   • Change the verb so they are in agreement.
   • Determine if the sentence is in the past, present or future tense.
   • Use page 33 if you need additional help with subject verb agreement.
   • Use page 35 if you need additional help with verb tense.




Example
Sentence for # 4
                            Panda Bears eats honey.

          4. Write the verb correctly.                              eat
          4. What tense is the sentence: past, present future?      Present



NOTE:
Use an –s only once, either with the subject or the verb:
When you have a singular subject, use a plural verb:      The boy plays.
When you have a plural subject, use a singular verb:      The boys play.




P. Bishop/revised 6/2009                      17
                               Homework Helper for Language Weekly


                                          Verb Tense
         There are three simple verb tenses:
                           If it happened today it is present tense.

                           If it happened yesterday it is past tense.

                    If it will happen tomorrow it is future tense.



      Simple Present                                          Examples:
                                    Happening now             I go to school
                                    At the time you are       The dog ran to the door.
                                    speaking                  I like music.

         Simple Past                                          Examples:
                                    It happened yesterday     I went to school on
                                    Before you are speaking   Monday.
                                                              The dog was running in
                                                              the park.
             Future                                           Example:
                                    It will happen tomorrow   Tomorrow I will not go
                                    After you speak.          to school.
                                                              The dog will run in the
                                                              park.




P. Bishop/revised 6/2009                       18
                           Homework Helper for Language Weekly



                                     Contractions

Sample from Language Weekly homework sheet

5. Write the contraction or the two words.                       ______________




Directions
   • If the word is a contraction, change it to two words
   • If there are two words, change it to a contraction




Example
aren’t        5. Write the contraction or the two words.          Are not



    •       Contractions are two words which have been joined and shortened.
    •       This is done by leaving out letters.
    •       An apostrophe replaces any missing letters.



                                     For example:
                                   can + not = can't
                                   are + not = aren't



                                The reverse would be
                                 doesn’t = does + not
                                  we’ll = we + will




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                            Homework Helper for Language Weekly


                                  Prefixes and Suffixes

Sample from Language Weekly homework sheet
6. What is the root word?                                         ______________
6. What is the suffix?                                            ______________
6. What is the prefix?                                            ______________



Directions
   • There are three questions for this word.
   • Divide the word into its prefix, root word and suffix.
   • Place the answers on the appropriate lines.




Example

disorganized               6. What is the root word?      organize
                           6. What is the suffix?         -ed
                           6. What is the prefix?         dis-



             A root word contains the basic   meaning of the word
                      A suffix is an added ending to the word

                    A prefix is an added beginning to the word


                                Root       Suffix       Prefix
         biweekly               week         -ly          bi-
         disconnected           connect      -ed          dis-
         unhappily              happy        -ly          un-
         miscounted             count        -ed          mis-
         misspelled             spell        -ed          mis-
         disassembling          assemble     -ing         dis-




P. Bishop/revised 6/2009                    20
                           Homework Helper for Language Weekly


                                       Possessive
Sample from Language Weekly homework sheet
7. Write the possessive word.                             ______________

Directions
   • Who or what owns the object? (a)
   • Is there one owner or more than one? (b)
   • What is owned (c)



Example
shoes of the fisherman 7. Write the possessive word                 fisherman’s

         (a)       The fisherman owns the object
         (b)       Fisherman is singular, there is only one owner
         (c)       The shoes are the object that is owned




Apostrophes show possession or ownership.

                             For singular nouns add      ‘s
                              For plural nouns add       s’
               Exception:      for plural nouns not ending in s add s’

Example
     Cinderella’s slipper
     Three little pigs’ houses
     Children’s toys




P. Bishop/revised 6/2009                    21
                             Homework Helper for Language Weekly


                                Synonyms and Antonyms
Sample from Language Weekly homework sheet

Word for # 8 _____________ Word bank _________________________________

8. Select the synonym for the word                         ______________
8. Select the antonym for the word                         ______________



Directions
   • Refer to the first word; select one of the word bank words that is a
       synonym for the first word.
   • Refer to the first word; select one of the word bank words that is an
       antonym for the first word.




Example
Word for # 13        funny    Word bank   hilarious, comfortable, miserable, sad


13. Select the synonym for the word                                hilarious
13. Select the antonym for the word                                sad



                      Synonym the word has the same meaning

                  Antonym the word has the opposite meaning
                                      the anti meaning




P. Bishop/revised 6/2009                     22
                            Homework Helper for Language Weekly



                                      Guide Words
Sample from Language Weekly homework sheet
Word for # 9 ____________           Guide words

9. Which words are the dictionary page guide words?_____________




Directions
   • Refer to the first word; select the pair of guide words that it would come
       between alphabetically




Example
Word for # 9        dance    Guide words   dish – ditch  dense - denture
                                            damage – danger   dancing - Dane

9. Which words are the dictionary page guide words? damage – danger




P. Bishop/revised 6/2009                    23
                           Homework Helper for Language Weekly


                                     Fact or Opinion?

Sample from Language Weekly homework sheet
Statement for # 10 ___________________________________________________

10. Is the statement a fact or an opinion?                          ______________




Directions
   • If the statement is a fact, write “Fact”; if the statement is an opinion, write
       “Opinion”.



Example
Statement for # 10                   Pepperoni is the best pizza.

10. Is the statement a fact or an opinion?                          opinion




A statement of         fact   expresses what actually   happened        or what can be
proven by data.


 A statement of opinion expresses an               attitude    or    feeling   toward
something. It is not proven true or false.




P. Bishop/revised 6/2009                     24
                            Homework Helper for Language Weekly


                                  Alphabetical Order


Sample from Language Weekly homework sheet
Words for # 11

11. Put the words in ABC order             _______ _______ _______ _______




Directions
   • Rewrite the words in alphabetical order




Example
Words for # 11
          extra            extreme       examine       external

11. Put the words in ABC order examine external extra extreme




P. Bishop/revised 6/2009                    25
                           Homework Helper for Language Weekly


                                 Alphabetical Order

Put these words in alphabetical order
               Who           What               Want              Tell

    1. Alphabetize by the first letter            w-w-w-t
       There are two different letter that begin the words: w-t
       “T” comes first when you say the alphabet
       There is one word that begins with “t”, it is “tell
       “Tell” is your first word                                         tell

    2. The remaining words are
                     Who          What           Want
       They all begin with “w”
       Look at the second letter.
       The second letters are            h-h-a
       “A” comes first when you say the alphabet.
       There is one word that has ‘”a” as the second letter, it is “want”.
       “Want” is your second word                                      tell, want

    3. The remaining words are
                             Who          What
       We are still looking at the remaining second letters h-h
       Look at the third letter.
       The third letters are              o-a
       “A” comes first when you say the alphabet.
       There is one remaining word that has “a” as the third letter, it is “what”.
       “What” is your third word.                             tell, want, what

    4. The last word is
                                           Who

         “Who” is your fourth word.                          tell, want, what, who




P. Bishop/revised 6/2009                   26
                            Homework Helper for Language Weekly


                                      Homophones

Sample from Language Weekly homework sheet
Sentence for #12           __________________________________________________

12. Which homophone is correct?                                   ______________




Directions
   • Select the correct homophone
   • Answer each set of homonyms




Example
Sentence for #12           (They’re, There, Their) my favorite team.


12. Which homophone is correct?                                   They’re




                Homophones are words that sound the same
                                but have different meanings




P. Bishop/revised 6/2009                    27
                              Homework Helper for Language Weekly


                Personification, Metaphor, Simile and Hyperbole

Sample from Language Weekly homework sheet
Sentence for #13 _____________________________________________________

13. Is this an example of a personification, metaphor, simile, or
hyperbole?                                      ______________




Directions
   • Decide if the sentence is an example of personification, metaphor, simile
       or hyperbole.




Example
Sentence for #13           The sun peeked shyly through the trees.

13. Is this an example of a personification, metaphor, simile, or
hyperbole?
                                                personification




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                             Homework Helper for Language Weekly


Personification is a figure of speech that gives human traits to a
non-human.
      Example: The car engine coughed when it started.
         A person can cough. Coughing is a human trait.



A simile is a figure of speech that compares two things using the words,
like or as.
         Example            My love is like a red, red rose.


A metaphor                 is a figure of speech that says two different things are the

same.
         Example            It is raining cats and dogs.




Hyperbole is a figure of speech that exaggerates a situation.
         Example                          It was so funny, I nearly died laughing
                                            Analogy




P. Bishop/revised 6/2009                        29
                               Homework Helper for Language Weekly


                                            Analogies
Sample from Language Weekly homework sheet
Sentence for #14              _______________ is to _______________ as
                              _______________ is to
14. Fill in the missing word to complete the analogy ______________

Directions
   • Determine the relationship in the first analogy
   • Fill in the missing word for the second analogy

Example
Sentence for #14              driver     is to car      as
                              pilot      is to ________


14. Fill in the missing word to complete the analog                     airplane




                        An analogy is a comparison of 2 pairs

                               that have the same relationship

     The key is to determine the relationship between the first pair so you can
complete the second analogy. (part to whole OR whole to part)

         Example
              IF           (part to whole) driver is to car THEN     pilot to airplane

                   IF      (whole to part) car is to driver   THEN   airplane to pilot




P. Bishop/revised 6/2009                         30
                             Homework Helper for Language Weekly


                                        Quotations


Sample from Language Weekly homework sheet
Sentence for #15


15. Add proper punctuation __________________________________




Directions
   • Rewrite the sentence
   • Fill in the missing punctuation




Example
Sentence for #15           I can fly said Wilbur Wright.

15. Add proper punctuation
      “I can fly!” said Wilbur Wright.

      One of the uses for quotation marks is to form a bracket around the exact
words that someone said. There are a few rules.

         1. When a quotation is introduced, the comma goes outside the quotation marks.
                          The Gingerbread Man said, “You can’t catch me.”
         2. To end a quotation the comma goes inside.
                          “You can’t catch me, “ said the Gingerbread Man.
         3. These rules do not apply when a quotation is split in two.
                          “Run as fast as you can, “ said the Gingerbread Man, “but
                          you can’t catch me.”
         4. I f they are part of the quotation, question marks and exclamation points go
         inside.
                          “You can’t catch me!” said the Gingerbread Man.



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                            Homework Helper for Language Weekly


                                             Titles


Sample from Language Weekly homework sheet
16. Write the title correctly    ___________________________



Directions
   • Capitalize all words except prepositions and articles that need to be
       capital letters
   • Use proper punctuation to indicate what type of title it is




Example
Gone With The Wind             16. Write the title correctly              Gone with the Wind



                            With titles it is the big and little trick.
                   Big things that can stand on their own, like books,

                            are underlined or use italics.


          Little things that are part of a group like a poem or            chapter
                                use quotation          marks

          The same rule applies to capitalizing titles, the first         word and
                           major words are capitalized

                           smaller words are lower case




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                                          Idioms

Sample from Language Weekly homework sheet
Sentence for #17           __________________________________________________

17. What does the idiom mean? ______________________________




Directions
   • Write the actual meaning of the idiom




Example
Sentence for #17           Head in the clouds

17. What does the idiom mean?                      Absent minded, day dreaming




    •    Idioms can be confusing.
    •    The meaning of all of the words in an idiom together has very little or
         nothing to do with the words taken one by one.
    •    Make your best guess.
    •    If you want to research the meaning yourself: I have a Dictionary of
         Idioms in the classroom or you can use the Internet.
    •    Idioms are included because in order to understand a language you must
         know what the idioms in the language mean.




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                              Homework Helper for Language Weekly


                                     Multiple Meanings
Sample from Language Weekly homework sheet
Sentences for # 18 a __________________________________________________
                   b __________________________________________________
                   c __________________________________________________
                   d __________________________________________________
18. Which two sentences have the same meaning?                      ______________

Directions
   • Find the word that is the same in all four sentences
   • Select two sentences in which that word is used the same way
   • Write down the letters (a,b,c, or d) of the two sentences you selected




Example
Sentences for # 18 a         Brett gripped the bat as he waited for a pitch.
                           b There is a bat hanging upside down in the tree.
                           c He swung the bat and missed the ball.
                           d I saw the cat bat at the butterfly.


18. Which two sentences have the same meaning?                      a and c




Multiple meaning words are words with several different meanings.
The meaning depends on how they are used in a sentence.
Try replacing the word with a synonym.
Will the same synonym work in more than one of the sentences?

         (a)       Brett gripped the wooden object as he waited for the pitch.
         (b)       There is a wooden object hanging upside down in a tree.
         (c)       He swung the wooden object and missed the ball.
         (d)       I saw the cat wooden object at the butterfly.
                   Substituting wooden object works in sentences a and c.




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                           Homework Helper for Language Weekly


                                      Main Idea
Sample from Language Weekly homework sheet
Paragraph for # 19 & 20
19. What is the main idea of the paragraph?
     ______________________________

Directions
   • Read the paragraph
   • What is the paragraph about?
   • That is the main idea
   • The main idea can be in your own words or a sentence form the
       paragraph




Example
Paragraph for # 19 and # 20
Did you know that just a small part of all of the salt in the
world is put into food to make the food taste better? There are
hundreds of other uses for salt, though. Pepper is a spice too.
In the United States more salt is used for melting snow and ice
on the roads than for any other purpose.


19. What is the main idea of the paragraph?
           Uses of salt__________________




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                               Homework Helper for Language Weekly


                           Main Idea: Sentence that Doesn’t Belong
Sample from Language Weekly homework sheet
Paragraph for # 19 & 20
20. Circle the sentence that does not belong
     ______________________________

Directions
   • Read the paragraph
   • What is the paragraph about?
   • Check your main idea from question # 19
   • Is there a sentence that does not give information about the main idea?
   • That is the sentence that does not belong
   • Circle the sentence that should not be in the paragraph




Example
Paragraph for # 19 and # 20
Did you know that just a small part of all of the salt in the
world is put into food to make the food taste better? There are
hundreds of other uses for salt, though. Pepper is a spice too.
In the United States more salt is used for melting snow and ice
on the roads than for any other purpose.

20. Circle the sentence that does not belong

         The paragraph is about uses of salt.
         The third sentence is “Pepper is a spice too.”
         The third sentence is not about salt.
         Circle the third sentence




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                       Which Sentence Should Come Next?
Sample from Language Weekly homework sheet
Paragraph for # 21 & 22
21. Which sentence should come next?
     a.
     b.
     c.

Directions
   • Read the paragraph
   • What is the paragraph about?
   • Read the three choices
   • Which choice; a, b, or c could come next?
   • Circle the answer



Example
Paragraph for # 21 & # 22
Ambidextrous means you can use both your left and right
hands to write. Greg Harris is the only modern day pitcher who
has pitched both right-handed and left handed. In the same
game. Leonardo da Vinci could write with one hand while
drawing with the other. Finally, James Garfield could write
Latin with one hand while writing Greek with the other.

21. Which sentence could come next?
     a. James Garfield was a president.
     b. These are three examples of ambidextrous people.
     c. They did not live at the same time.

     The paragraph is about ambidextrous people.
Answer (a) is about one person who is ambidextrous, James Garfield
Answer (b) summarizes the paragraph
Answer (c) explains when the three people lived

Answer b is the best answer because it supports the main idea of the
paragraph




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                           Homework Helper for Language Weekly


                               Sentence Fragments
Sample from Language Weekly homework sheet
Paragraph for # 21 & 22
22. Circle the sentence fragments

Directions
   • Read each sentence carefully
   • Find the sentence that does not have both a subject & a verb
   • That is the sentence fragment
   • Circle the fragment



Example
Paragraph for # 21 & # 22
Ambidextrous means you can use both your left and right
hands to write. Greg Harris is the only modern day pitcher who
has pitched both right-handed and left handed. In the same
game. Leonardo da Vinci could write with one hand while
drawing with the other. Finally, James Garfield could write
Latin with one hand while writing Greek with the other.

22. Circle the sentence fragment

The third sentence is
      In the same game.

The sentence begins with a preposition, and there is not a verb
This is a prepositional phrase, it is not a sentence
This is the sentence fragment
Circle sentence # 3 in the paragraph



A sentence needs only two words
(1) One must be the subject; the subject can be a noun or a
pronoun.
(2) The other word must be a verb




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                               Combining Sentences
Sample from Language Weekly homework sheet
Paragraph for # 23
23. How could you combine the sentences to make one sentence?
         a.
         b.
         c.

Directions
   • Read each sentence
   • Read the three choices
   • Select the one that sounds best and contains all of the information




Example

                 The dolphin is a gentle mammal. It can be
Sentences for # 23
taught to jump through a hoop.
23. How could you combine the sentences to make one sentence?

a. It can be taught to jump through a hoop, the gentle animal, the
dolphin.
b. A gentle dolphin can be taught to jump through a hoop.
c. The dolphin, a gentle animal, can be taught to jump through a hoop.

The first sentence is about a dolphin and gentle mammal
The second sentence says that the dolphin can be taught to jump
through a hoop

Choice c is
The dolphin, a gentle animal, can be taught to jump through a hoop


It has all of the information and sounds good
Choice c is the answer




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Mini Lessons
                                                 Homework Helper for Language Weekly



                                                         Comic Face Book
MATERIALS:                 five sheets of blank paper       comic strips       Glue         Scissors

Select one comic that will be the theme of your book.                          Open the book, for each set of facing pages:
Fold white paper in half.                                                      Cut out one comic frame, glue to page
Draw the face of the main character from the comic.                            Underline an example of a part of speech
Make certain that the face is on the folded edge of the paper.                 Write the name of the part of speech
                                                                               Write the definition for the part of speech




Fold the remaining four sheets of paper in half.
Insert paper into the sheet with the face.                                     Repeat for the remaining parts of speech
Cut all five sheets. (you will have ten layers)                                noun, verb, pronoun (example above),
DO NOT CUT ALONG THE FOLDED EDGE                                               adjective, adverb, preposition,
Staple the book together                                                       conjunction and article




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                                                     Subject/Predicate
      A sentence is a group of words that expresses a complete thought. The subject tells who or what did something, the
predicate tells what happened. The subject is a noun or pronoun. The predicate is a verb. In each sentence there is a pair
of words that is the same, EXCEPT, the word is used two different ways, once as a noun and second time as the verb.
PART 1         Find the set of words. Underline the noun once and the verb twice.

    1.        I’ll show you how to display your food at the show.
    2.        I’ll design a cup with a cool design on it.
    3.        This puzzle might puzzle you.
    4.        The fishing permit will permit you to fish in the lake.
    5.        The dance would be more successful if everyone would dance.

PART 2             Figure out which each subject is by solving the picture puzzle; then match it to the predicate below.




    6.        ________means an unsafe surface for skating.                10.   ________bloom in the spring.
    7.        ________was thick creamy and delicious.                     11.   ________warns of heavy winds and rain.
    8.        ________will take place in the stadium tonight.             12.   ________is a drink made with ice cream.
    9.        ________creates all sorts of problems for authors.          13.   ________has four stop signs



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                                                      Verbally Insane
                                    We'll begin with a box, and the plural is boxes,
                                      but the plural of ox became oxen not oxes.
                                     One fowl is a goose, but two are called geese,
                                    yet the plural of moose should never be meese.
                                   You may find a lone mouse or a nest full of mice,
                                      yet the plural of house is houses, not hice.

                                       If the plural of man is always called men,
                                     why shouldn't the plural of pan be called pen?
                                      If I spoke of my foot and show you my feet,
                                   and I give you a boot, would a pair be called beet?
                                       If one is a tooth and a whole set are teeth,
                                   why shouldn't the plural of booth be called beeth?

                                   Then one may be that, and three would be those,
                                      yet hat in the plural would never be hose,
                                         and the plural of cat is cats, not cose.
                                     We speak of a brother and also of brethren,
                                  but though we say mother, we never say methren.
                                  Then the masculine pronouns are he, his and him,
                                    but imagine the feminine, she, shis and shim.

                                       Let's face it - English is a crazy language.


Work with a partner come up with your own pair of “Verbally Insane” words.

                                _______________________________________

                                _______________________________________




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                                                             Verb
A verb is a word that shows action or state of being. An action verb tells what the subject is doing. State-of-being verbs
can be the main verb or link the subject to the predicate. There are only eight state of being verbs.

Once upon a time there was a nice boy named Stately. He was very prim and proper. Stately was an A student. One day
at school, there was going to be a big test on verbs. Stately knew all the action verbs but he didn't want to forget the
eight state-of-being verbs. He needed a way to remember them so he could get an A on the big test. As he sat there
thinking of ideas, he found himself humming a rhythm, "Da, da, da-da, da, da, da, da. All of a sudden he jumped up and
shouted, "That is it! That is the rhythm I need to remember the state-of-being verbs: Is, am, were, was, are, be,
being, been." Stately got his A.




Find the action verbs in the word search. When you are done select one verb and write three sentences. One sentence
should be present tense (happening now), the second sentence should be past tense (happened yesterday) and the third
sentence should be future tense (will happen tomorrow).
Present       __________________________________________________________________________
Past          __________________________________________________________________________
Future        __________________________________________________________________________




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                                          Apostrophes: Where Do They Go?




       Apostrophes belong in just three places. That's it! To make it even easier, we are only going to study two:
   • Contractions Apostrophes mark missing letters
   • Possessive Nouns Apostrophes show possession or ownership of nouns
Contractions are two or more words squished together.
When you squish words together, letters tend to drop out.
The apostrophe shows some letters are missing.
                   Rewrite the words using apostrophes to replace letters, be careful, some are irregular
Could have __________             Will not      __________           You are        __________
They are       __________         it is         __________           did not        __________
I will         __________         were not      __________           would not      __________
             What's Wrong With This Picture? _________________________________________




                            Image courtesy of duncan on Flickr through a Creative Commons license.

Circle the contraction: aren’t were       wheneve



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What makes it a contraction?            ___________________________________________

Read the paragraph below, circle the four contractions. Write the two words that make the contraction to the right of the
paragraph.

Over the years people have gotten lazy. They don’t take the time to speak                  1.   ___________________
clearly. Instead, they’re prone to combine words. If you’re one of these                   2.   ___________________
people, it’s up to you to use contractions correctly.                                      3.   ___________________
                                                                                           4.   ___________________

Possessive Nouns
Noun: "A noun is a person, place, or thing.
"Possession means ownership, so a possessive noun is a noun that owns another noun.
Add 's to the end of a noun to show that it is the owner.
REMEMBER the apostrophe shows who owns what
      Example:
      the dog's nose              ___________has a ___________
      John's car                  ___________has a ___________
      Sue’s kitten                ___________has a ___________
      boy's t-shirts              ___________has a ___________

What about words that already end in s? In that case, just add the apostrophe s’
       More than one dog is ___________ so it is __________noses
       More than one boy is ____________so it is __________t-shirts
       Massachusetts ends in s so it becomes ____________________governor
Write these words adding an apostrophe to show possession:
       school is singular or plural (circle one) so it is           schools      playground
       children is singular or plural (circle one) so it is         childrens    toys
       bird is singular so it is                                           birds       cage
       birds is plural so it is                                            birds       cage
What’s wrong with these pictures?



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                                          Homework Helper for Language Weekly



                                                             .




                           Images courtesy of duncan on Flickr through a Creative Commons license




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                                             Homework Helper for Language Weekly



                              Root Words/Prefixes/Suffixes
1. Would you rather be lucky or unlucky? Why? Underline the root word                 Circle Suffix/Prefix

2. Use these words: Like                  Disliked      Dislike
                                                          Underline the root word Circle Suffix/Prefix
       Which word describes something you care about?           ________      as in I _____presents.
       Which word describes something that isn’t liked?         ________      as in Bad odors are _____
       Which word describes something you do not care about?    ________      as in I _____spoiled milk.
       What does –dis mean? _____________________________________________________________

3. Television               Vision   Visionary
         What is the root word in all three of these words?     ________________
         How are all three of these words related? ____________________________________________



4. Impossible Possible
         What is the difference in impossible and possible? ______________________________________
         What does the prefix mean?                                ________________
         What is the root word?                                    ________________

5. Discover                Rediscover    Rediscovering      Underline the root word in all three words.
         Which word has a prefix and a suffix?                   ________________
         Which words would you use if you find something again? ___________        __________
         What does the re- mean?     _____________________________________________________




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                                      Root Words/Prefixes/Suffixes


6. Driver Mover Teacher                                       Underline the root word in all three words.
         What does a driver do?          __________
         What does a mover do?           __________
         What does a teacher do?         __________
         How does adding –er change the meaning?  _______________________________________

7. Under her guidance we learned to ski.                      Underline the root word
         What does the root word in guidance mean?
         (a) to be interested (b) to work quickly  (c) to give direction     (d) to try again

8. The root word, terra, in subterranean means “earth”.
         What is the prefix?                                     __________
         Something that is subterranean must be
         (a) made out of dirt  (b) planted in the ground (c) under the earth (d) on a beach
         What does the prefix mean? ____________________________________________________

9. The construction of the house will be complete next month.                 Circle the suffix
         The Latin root “struct” in the word construction means
         (a) measure     (b) build    (c) study  (d) shape
         Mom inspected my room after I cleaned it.                              Circle the suffix
         The Latin root “spect” in the word inspected means
         (a) use (b) look (c) take (d) need




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                                               Synonyms and Antonyms
                              Synonym = Same                Antonym = Anti or Opposite
Crack the code; unscramble the letter to make a word. Use the letters that have a number to form a new word. Then select
the antonym for the new word from your list of unscrambled words.

CEAEP      ___ ___ ___ ___ ___                               LUEB        ___ ___ ___ ___
                    2                                                              6 3
ONW        ___ ___ ___                                       RASHT       ___ ___ ___ ___ ___
            1                                                              1  2    4    5
OLOCR      ___ ___ ___ ___ ___                               DER         ___ ___ ___
                            3                                              7   8
___ ___ ___                                                  ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___
 1   2 3                                                      1   2 3     4 5     6   7   8
            Antonym ___________________                            Antonym      ________________________


OPEH       ___ ___ ___ ___                                   MUB          ___ ___ ___
            1                                                               1   8
YLPA      ___ ___ ___ ___                                    FI          ___ ___
             3          5                                                   6 7
DAS       ___ ___ ___                                        YLUG        ___ ___ ___ ___
                2                                                           4      9
NPLA      ___ ___ ___ ___                                    META         ___ ___ ___ ___
            4                                                               5   2   3
___ ___ ___ ___ ___                                          ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___
 1 2     3 4     5                                            1 2     3   4   5   6    7 8    9
            Antonym _____________________                                     Antonym __________________




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                                                       Synonyms and Antonyms
Crossword word bank: antonym, beautiful, happy, homonym, large, peace, picture, skinny, synonym, treasure




Across
2 Antonym for sad                     8 Synonym for big                      Down
4 Antonym for war                     9 word that has same                   1 Antonym for trash 6 Word that means the same
5 Synonym for photograph                spelling & pronunciation             3 Antonym for ugly 7 Word that means opposite
6 Synonym for thin                      but different meaning



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                                    Dictionary Guide Words & Word History
                                  Use the American Heritage Children’s Dictionary
                              Write the Guide Words for the page each word is located on

                           Magnet                    __________                __________

                           Dirigible                 __________                __________

                           Integrity                 __________                __________

                           Sheaf                     __________                __________

                           Chauffeur                 __________                __________

                           Opossum                   __________                __________

                           Square dance              __________                __________

                           Thermometer               __________                __________
Word History
From which civilization did we get the word diploma? __________ Meaning? ____________________________

From which civilization did we get the word cricket? __________ Meaning? ____________________________

From which civilization did we get the word boom?    __________ Meaning? ____________________________

From which civilization did we get the word stunt?   __________ Meaning? ____________________________




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                                                      Homophones
     Words with same pronunciation but different spellings & meanings Unscramble the words & answer the question.




IHWHC is a picture of a HCTIW from “Wizard of Oz”?         Circle the picture that shows a RIAP of ERPAS.




HYETRE placing HIRET gifts over HEERT in the RUTKN.

I am a person. People      _______________
Place this here. Location  _______________
Subject & Verb Contraction _______________
                                                           TREIW the numbers of the pictures that show an animal in
                                                           a HTRIG hand.   ________




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                                     Homophones Crossword

Across
1 You can go to the store
(to/too/two)
4 The (pair/pear) was ripe
and ready to eat.
5 There are (to/too/two)
answers to the question.
7 Go (to/too/two) the store.
8 It was
(their/there/they’re) turn.
10 (Their/there/they’re)
going to the movie.
11 (Which/witch) way is it to
the office?
Down
1 Put your books over
(their/there/they’re).
2 Raise your (right/write)
hand.
3 The (weather/whether) is
quite cold.
6 (Right/write) your name
on the top of the paper.
9 Do you (know/no) the
answer?
10 The dog wagged his
(tail/tale).




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                              Alliteration, Hyperbole, Metaphor, Onomatopoeia, Personification and Simile
                           Cut out the labels and example sentences in the 3rd and 4th columns. Match them up

          Definitions                            Labels                   Example Sentences             Example Sentences
Alliteration                          Simile                         The sky was a blanket of      My cereal went snap,
Repeat the beginning sound                                           blue satin.                   crackle, pop when I
in a series of words.
                                                                                                   added the milk.
Hyperbole                             Metaphor                       After the marathon, I         The students raced
A statement that is an                                               was hungry enough to          around the playground
exaggeration.
                                                                     eat a horse.                  like a pack of wild dogs.
Metaphor                              Personification                Angelic aardvarks ate         The trees bowed to the
Two things are compared:                                             ants annually.                flowers in the wind.
they are almost equal or
one thing is the other.
Onomatopoeia                          Hyperbole                      Polly planted plenty of       The clouds are cotton
Words that make the                                                  pretty pansies.               balls in the sky.
sound of objects or
actions they refer to.
Personification                       Onomatopoeia                   A pesky mosquito       I was so thirsty I could
A non-human object                                                   buzzed around my head. have drunk the entire
does something a human
                                                                                            lake.
could do.
Simile                                Alliteration                   The surface of the water      The sun played
Two things are compared:                                             looked as smooth as           peek-a-boo with the
they are similar and use
                                                                     glass.                        clouds.
the word “like” or “as”.




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                                                  Homework Helper for Language Weekly



                                                           Quotation Marks
DIRECTIONS:                Place green quotation marks when someone begins speaking      “
                           Place red quotation marks when someone stops speaking            ”
                           Use an orange punctuation mark to pause                      , . ? !
                           Circle the first word that is spoken in blue


(1) I will run to the store and get some ice cream said Jane

(2) My favorite subject is reading answered Samantha

(3) Stop talking said the teacher and listen to me

(4) Speak loudly and carry a big stick said Teddy Roosevelt

(5) The coach answered No single player is better than the team

(6) The correct answer is B said the student

(7) The policeman said Turn right at the corner

(8)      What is done to the first word that is spoken? _________________




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                                                 Quotation Marks
DIRECTIONS: Place quotation marks around the lines you will be speaking.
Mother ________Katie __________Clerk 1 _________Clerk 2 ________ Clerk 3 _________Clerk 4 _______
Clerk 5 ________Clerk 6 _________Clerk 7 _________Clerk 8 ________Clerk 9 _________ ALL _______

                                               Which Shoes Do You Choose?
MOTHER: Katie what is the matter?                            CLERK 4: We have tied shoes,
KATIE: I am tired of wearing the same old shoes.             CLERK 5: and wide shoes,
MOTHER: What are you going to do?                            CLERK 6: and carnival-ride shoes.
KATIE: I am going to the store to buy new ones.              CLERK 7: We have trail shoes,
ALL CLERKS: Which shoes do you choose?                       CLERK 8: and snail shoes,
KATIE: I want shoes that are braggy, not baggy.              CLERK 9: and wind-in-your-sail shoes.
ALL CLERKS: Hmmm. Let me see.                                ALL CLERKS: Which shoes do you choose?
CLERK 1: We have small shoes,                                KATIE: I want shoes that are spiffy, not iffy.
CLERK 2: and tall shoes,                                     ALL CLERKS: Hmmm. Let me see.
CLERK 3: and walk-on-the-wall shoes.                         CLERK 1: We have black shoes,
CLERK 4: We have red shoes,                                  CLERK 2: and snack shoes,
CLERK 5: and head shoes,                                     CLERK 3: and ride-on-a-track shoes.
CLERK 6: and down-the-hill-sled shoes.                       CLERK 4: We have wet shoes,
CLERK 7: We have blue shoes,                                 CLERK 5: and pet shoes,
CLERK 8: and BOO shoes,                                      CLERK 6: and super-speed-jet shoes.
CLERK 9: and paddle-canoe shoes.                             CLERK 7: We have moon shoes,
ALL CLERKS: Which shoes do you choose?                       CLERK 8: and goon shoes,
KATIE: I want shoes that are slicky, not sticky.             CLERK 9: and hot-air-balloon shoes.
ALL CLERKS: Hmmm. Let me see.                                ALL CLERKS: Which shoes do you choose?
CLERK 1: We have jog shoes,                                  KATIE: I choose all these shoes.
CLERK 2: and log shoes,                                      ALL CLERKS: Oh my! Now we have no more shoes to
CLERK 3: and hop-like-a-frog shoes.                          choose!




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                                                           Idioms




There’s a frog in my throat. “Would you give me a hand?”       An idiom is an expression that may not make good sense
Do these phrases have meanings you don’t understand?           When you take the phrases literally, but don’t take offense.
We won’t “go overboard” with a long explanation,               these expressions don’t exactly mean what they propose to say;
but idioms are often sprinkled into our conservation.          they express common sayings in a different way




When you say, “face the music”, you don’t stand in place       “Playing music by ear” doesn’t mean your ears play.
In front of a band that plays right in your face.              It means playing from memory without notes in the way.
“Face the music” is an idiom meaning that you accept           “I’m all ears” doesn’t mean that you have many ears on your head
The results of your actions, yet your honor you’ve kept        It means you’re listening. You want to hear what’s being said




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                                                                  Idioms




                                                                     “Beating around the bush” isn’t beating a bush that’s near;
“I am all thumbs” doesn’t mean you have thumbs everywhere            It means that you are talking but not making things clear.
It means you think you’re crazy, so slow down and take care          “Getting your ducks in a row” doesn’t mean ducks in a line.
“Ants in your pants” means you’re excited and can’t keep still.      It means that if you get organized, things will turn out fine.
It doesn’t mean that you’ve been sitting on an anthill.




Idioms are common phrases that many people use
in polite conversation. They’re not said to confuse.                 So if you hear an idiom like “playing second fiddle,” you should
                                                                     know it’s an idiom and not a riddle. Idioms are common phrases
Idioms are a “piece of cake,” which means that they’re easy.
                                                                     that can be “cool” or a “real breeze.” So “go bananas” when
Even though sometimes idioms can be a bit cheesy
                                                                     using idioms. You can use idioms with ease.




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                                               Homework Helper for Language Weekly



                                                               Idioms
                Choose your own idiom and illustrate it literally (the way it sounds) and then give the real meaning.

              Suggested Idioms                                                     Your Picture
           Circle the one you chose
Tongue-in-Cheek
Jump Down Someone’s Throat
Smell a Rat
Scratch Someone’s Back
Shoot Off One’s Mouth
Get in Someone’s hair
Pull Someone’s Leg
Not Have a Leg to Stand On
Horse Around
Wet Blanket
Up one’s sleeve
Feel Like a Million Dollars
Lose One’s shirt
Straight From the Horse’s Mouth
For the birds
Knock Someone’s Socks Off
Out of the Woods
Make Ends Meet
Spill the Beans
Let the cat out of the Bag
Money talks                                        Real meaning_________________________________________
The Early Bird Catches the Worm
Take the Bull by the Horns
Pay Through the Nose
Stick Out One’s Neck
Drive Someone Up a Wall




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                                                  Multiple Meaning Words
                   Two definitions are given for the same word. Guess the word that is being described.
                           These are word puzzles, but when you read the same situation arises.
                            Words can have different meaning depending on how they are used.
A bed covering or a single piece of paper                    __________

Goes away or parts of a tree that fall down                    __________

A quacking animal or move down to avoid something.             __________

Opposite of bottom of type of spinning toy                     __________

Toy that bounces or Cinderella’s dance                         __________

Building where money is kept or sides of a river               __________

Opposite of float or place where you wash your hands           __________

Something you must pay or a dollar                             __________

Type of insect or to move through the air                      __________

Opposite of heavy or opposite of dark                          __________

Dog sound or the outside of a tree                             __________

Vacation or to stumble and fall                                __________

Part of your body or twelve inches                             __________

Type of flower or went up higher                               __________




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                                        Homework Helper for Language Weekly



                                                   Punctuation




                                       As you read stop for punctuation.

Punctuation helps you make sense of what’s written.
Take a deep breath and read this paragraph. There is no punctuation so do not stop.

      Without punctuation writing would be more difficult to read we would never know when to pause take a breath or
what phrases go with what words the entire meaning of our writing could be unclear when you don’t have commas periods
exclamation points question marks and the like to tell us how to read something


Now read it with proper punctuation

      Without punctuation writing would be more difficult to read. We would never know when to pause, take a breath,
or what phrases go with what words. The entire meaning of our writing could be unclear: when you don’t have commas,
periods, exclamation points, question marks, and the like, to tell us how to read something.




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                                                        Commas

                                             When eating, hot dogs bark

                                             When eating hot dogs, bark




Which picture goes with which statement?

Here is another example of how commas can change the meaning, from Eats, Shoots, and Leaves
       A panda walks into a cafeteria. He orders a sandwich, eats it, then draws a gun and fires two shots in the air and
begins to leave the cafeteria.
       "Why? Why are you behaving in this strange, un-panda-like fashion?" asks the confused proctor.
       The panda produces a badly punctuated wildlife manual and tosses it over his shoulder. "I'm a panda," he says, at
the door. "Look it up."

       The waiter turns to the relevant entry and, sure enough, finds an explanation. "Panda is a large black-and-white
bear-like mammal, native to China. Eats, shoots, and leaves




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                                    Homework Helper for Language Weekly



                                                   Commas


A comma is a punctuation mark that separates          Use a comma in a date.
words within a sentence. When reading a sentence,         The Declaration of Independence was signed on
                                                          July 4, 1776.




you should pause at a comma.
                                                      Use comma after the greeting of a letter.
Use commas to separate 3 or more words in a              Dear Grandma,
series.
     For lunch I ate grapes, bananas and apples.



                                                                            From,
Use a comma in direct address.
                                                                             Sam
 Mary, you should wear your sneakers to school.
                                                      Use a comma after the closing of a letter.
                                                      Use a comma between a city and state.
                                                      The Boston Tea Party was in Boston, Massachusetts.




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                           Homework Helper for Language Weekly




                                     File
         Keep corrected homework in this section for
                         reference




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