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					Islam in africa

    The Sufi Path

   Steve Howard,
   Ohio University
       The muslim traveler
•   Preaching, teaching, evangelizing
•   Trade
•   War, conquest
•   Haj
•   Work, migration
•   Refuge, exile
•   The inner journey, tariq Mohammed
      The pillars of islam
• Shahadah “witness” There is no God but
  God and Mohammed is His Prophet.
• Salat “prayer”
• Zakat “almsgiving”
• Sawm “fasting” the Holy Month of
  Ramadan
• Haj “pilgrimage” once to Mecca in lifetime
  if able
     The Prophet Mohammed
           570-632 c.e.
• In history- founder of Islam; in faith- the
  Messenger of God
• Administrator; legislator; judge;
  commander-in-chief; teacher, preacher;
  father; husband; brother
• Received first revelation at age 40 from
  Angel Gibreel; process continued for 22
  years
 the prophet’s successors
• The Rightly Guided Caliphs
• Abu Bakar; Omer; Osman; Ali
• The Suni/Shi‟a schism
               qur’an
• Created the Muslim community and was
  shaped by it;
• Qur‟an is the demonstration of the
  existence of God with both hidden and
  explicit meanings;
• Fundamental text;
• Liturgy- fatiha, ihklas
• Education, the Arabic alphabet
• Non-liturgical social events and arts
     Al-lugha al-arabia
• Today: 200 million native speakers
Language family: Afro-Asiatic, semitic
  languages
Classical vs. Modern Standard vs. Dialects
Alphabet
Grammar
How learned
        Women and islam
• Islamic law addressed some of the more
  flagrant gender inequities
• Distinguishing between Islam as religion
  and Islamic cultures
marriage
        Tasowaf ‘sufism’
• Ethical and spiritual quest
• Quest for perfection
• Shared community- to keep us on that
  path
• Knowledge, love, „intoxication‟
• Controversial in the midst of Islamic
  orthodoxy and yet significant aspect of
  African Islam (Egypt, Sudan, Morocco,
  West Africa).
Sufi refuge
                                       • Islamic social
Islam in Africa
                                         movements in Africa:
North Africa- Egypt, Algeria, Libya,
Tunisia, Morocco, Mauretania           • Oumar Tall
East Africa- Sudan, Ethiopia,
Eritrea, Somalia, Djibouti, Kenya,
Tanzania
                                       • Ousman don Fodio
West Africa- Senegal, Gambia,
Mali, Guinea, Nigeria, Niger, Chad,
                                         (1804)
Cote d‟Ivoire
                                       • Mohamad Ahmed El
                                         Mahdi
                                       • Abdullah Hassan
salaam

				
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posted:7/29/2010
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