_The truth about e3__ clean air technology by jlhd32


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{The truth about e3™} clean air technology.
Work hard. Breathe easy.                                                             The hottest, coolest thing in clean air technology.
   Finally, there’s emission technology that complies with you. Because AGCO,            Let’s get one thing straight right from the start. When most farmers think of
Challenger and Massey Ferguson row crop tractors now offer you the most              meeting emission standards, they think of the trouble long-haul truckers have
farmer-friendly approach towards meeting upcoming EPA standards–without              experienced with the EGR (Exhaust Gas Recirculation) process of emission
making trade-offs in power, productivity and operating costs.                        control. Loss of power, increased costs, reduced fuel efficiency and most
                                                                                     troubling of all–excessive heat rejection.
With e3 you don’t give up a thing.                                                       The plain fact is, that e3 is an SCR process (Selective Catalytic Reduction),
 •   Uncompromised horsepower and torque                                             not the EGR process that truckers have had to deal with. It’s entirely different
 •   Significantly improved fuel economy                                             technology that works for you, not against you. Read on and you’ll find that the
 •   An easier, more efficient path to meeting EPA standards now and in the future   truth–and the proven technology–speaks for itself.
 •   e3 engines run cooler
 •   And e3 technology adds nothing to the price of the tractor                        We’re on your side.
                                                                                           It’s as simple as that. Which is why we created e3 technology in the first
 “ Everyone wants A cleANer worlD, but NoboDY                                                   place. It’s designed to provide you with all the energy you need–in the
                                                                                                form of undiminished horsepower and torque. And it promises better
   wAntS to pay more For FOod. ThE FArmeR’s                                                   fuel economy than our competitors–up to 15% better. In short, e3
   sTuck in the mIDdle.” ˜Farmer / Kansas and hay
                            2,700 acres in wheat
                                                                                          efficiently delivers exactly what the situation demands–cleaner emissions,
                                                                                         improved economics and reliable performance.
                                                                E3 Technology AT-A-glance
                                                                Our AGCO SISU POWER
                                                                diesel engines are optimized for high performance,
                                                                low particulate emissions and low fuel consumption.

                                                                                                                                                   In the catalyst
                                                                                                                                                   chamber, nitrogen
                                                                                                                                                   oxides (NOx) are
                                                                                                                                                   transformed into
                                                                                                                                                   harmless nitrogen
                                                                                                                                                   gas and water vapor.

 “ I need technology that
   meets EPA standards.                                                                                                                 The pump and injection
                                                                                                                                system unit reacts to the emissions

   But first it has to                                                                                                          output of the engine by continuously
                                                                                                                                varying the amount of DEF added to

   meet mine.” ˜           Farmer / Nebraska
                            3,000 acres in corn                       Tank that holds
                                                                                                                                the exhaust stream—effectively main-
                                                                                                                                taining control of emissions released
                                 and soybeans                         Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF)                                into the environment.

    As simple as it is effective, our e3 version of SCR technology treats the down-       e3 is a post combustion, after-treatment process that takes place in the exhaust
stream exhaust with Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF), which breaks down harmlessly          system, never interfering with the performance of the engine itself. The technology
into nitrogen and water vapor. Believe it or not, the e3 process, along with elec-    is simple, robust and reliable, consisting of very few parts. Main components
tronic engine management, actually allows our AGCO SISU POWER™ diesel                 include a tank, an injection system and an SCR catalyst chamber.
engines to run better, stay cooler and last longer.
“Seems like other folks just hug trees.                              “ Funny, it doesn’t seem like you’re saving the planet.“
 Farmers embrace the land.”                                                                                            ˜ Farmer / Minnesota 2,000 acres in corn and soybeans

          Welcome to 2014.                          The best way to get                           Cleaner air.                           Enhanced fuel economy.
     EPA regulations are only getting                there from here.                          Pure performance.                        Since the e3 process is an after-
 tougher. Tier 4 interim standards must          e3 is a simple, robust solution that       Just think. By the time we get to       treatment, it’s completely separate
 be met by 2011. And Tier 4 final stan-      doesn’t increase heat rejection like       2014, the air coming out of our en-         from the main engine functions. So
 dards by 2014. We’re so sure that e3        EGR technology does. EGR recircu-          gines with e3 technology will actually      it allows our AGCO SISU POWER
 SCR technology is the best way–the          lates exhaust gases and burns them         be cleaner than the air going in. It’s      diesels to stay focused on producing
 only way–to achieve those standards         again, so it often involves extensive      compliance you can live with in more        efficient power and torque, without
 without sacrificing performance and         exhaust cooling systems, valves and        ways than one, because it not only          having to deal with reducing emis-
 fuel economy, that we can say it’s virtu-   ultra high pressure injection. It also     helps protect the environment, it helps     sions–thus increasing fuel economy.
 ally inevitable our competitors will          increases ash and soot in the oil.       you continue doing your part to feed        Aren’t your other input costs for
 end up taking the same path.                         Our e3 SCR process is free        the world. Pure productivity. That’s        fertilizer, feed and seed high enough?
                                                            of all of that.             what e3 is really all about.                Why not save money while you’re
                                                                                                                                    saving the planet?
                                                                              The HistorY–AND FutUrE – oF ePA STANDarDS                                              What lies ahead?
                                                                                                                                                                  This chart shows how the EPA
                                                                                                                                                              standards have grown progressively
                                                                                                           NOx (g/hp-hr)
                                                                         14      13   12   11     10   9     8   7    6    5      4    3    2       1     0
                                                                                                                                                              more stringent since the early days
                                                                   1.1                                                                                        of emission regulation. Tier 4 interim
                                                                   1.0                                                                                        requirements go into effect in 2011
                                                                    .9                                                                                        and Tier 4 final standards must be
                                                                                                                                                              met by 2014. At each step, reduced

                                           Particulate (g/hp-hr)
                                                                                                                                                              NOx and PM emissions are repre-
                                                                                                                                                              sented by a smaller rectangle.


                                                                          1970                  1985                  1988 1995


                                                                    .1                                                     1998 2002       2006

                                                                    0                                                                             2011 2014

      Let’s be eco-rational.                                             Great minds think alike.                          Still have questions?
    And let’s be honest. Farmers were                      Many of the finest engineering minds                             Just turn the page.
green before green was cool. You                       in the world agree that SCR technology is                         While e3 is basically an uncompli-
literally have to take care of the land.               the way to go. Which is why it’s been ad-                     cated technology, the more you know
Your livelihood depends on it. Not to                                            ,
                                                       opted by Mercedes-Benz® Volvo® and                            about it, the better. Let’s move on to
mention the livelihood of your future                  BMW.® One major American engine                               answering some commonly asked ques-
generations. With                                      manufacturer has tested SCR technol-                          tions–and to debunking some myths.
e3, we’ve shown                                        ogy over 7 million miles in extremes–                             Also, remember you can always
we respect that                                        from below-zero climates to the deserts                       consult with your dealer.
fact. And we’ll                                        of Arizona, Nevada and California. And                            Or visit www.AGCOcorp.com/e3.
never forget the EPA                                   today there are 500,000 heavy-duty SCR
doesn’t run your farm. You do.                         clean diesel trucks throughout Europe
                                                       and even in the Arctic Circle.
                         WHAT’S ThE bEst pAth to TIEr 4? JUDge For YoursElf.
   EGr ( exHAUst GAs reCIrcUlAtioN )                                                  SCr ( SELECTIVE CaTaLYTIC REduCtIon )
    In the EGR system, exhaust gases are cooled, blended with fresh air,              With SCR nitrogen oxides (NOx) are dealt with post combustion.
    then returned to the cylinder, lowering combustion temperatures and               A solution of Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF), consisting of urea and water–
    resulting in reduced nitrogen oxides (NOx). This approach can include             is sprayed into the hot exhaust gases. This mixture then passes through a
    extensive exhaust gas cooling systems, recirculation valves or ultra-high         catalyst chamber where the nitrogen oxides (NOx) are transformed into
    pressure injection. It also increases ash and soot in the oil.                    harmless nitrogen gas and water vapor.
      • Reduced fuel efficiency          • Added cost                                   • Enhanced fuel efficiency           • No cost increase
      • Complex system                   • Louder                                       • Simple system                      • Quieter
      • Hotter running–requires additional or enhanced cooling packages                 • Cooler running

e3 and SCR technology                                                              Real questions                             Q: How can e3 reduce emissions, save

                                                                                   from real farmers.
                                                                                                                                 fuel AND optimize power and
The whole truth and nothing but the truth.
                                                                                                                                 performance? I don’t get it.
                                                                                   THE TRUTH ABOUT e3.                        A: The key to its success is the fact that

                                FPO                                             Q: Just hearing the words emission con-          it’s a post combustion process. It
                                                                                   trol makes me mad. What’s the real            stays out of the way of what the en-
                                                                                   story on these EPA requirements?              gine is built to do–provide power.
                                                                                                                                 After the engine does that and the
                                                                                A: As we all know, clean air is essential
                                                                                                                                 exhaust leaves the engine, all that re-
                                                                                   for quality of life. And while farm
                                                                                                                                 mains to be done is to reduce the ni-
                                                                                   vehicle emissions are small com-
                                                                                                                                 trogen oxides (NOx). Our e3 SCR is
                                                                                   pared to trucks, for instance, they’re
                                                                                                                                        an effective, thoroughly tested
                                                                                   not insignificant. As an in-
                                                                                                                                             method of doing just that.
                                                                                   dustry we’ve already made
                                                                                   good strides, just reaching                                Q: What is the added
                                                                                   Tier 3, but Nitrogen Ox-                                    cost to the tractor for
                                                                                   ide (NOx) and Particu-                                       e3 technology?
   With any new technology there are always plenty of questions. No different      late Matter (PM) contin-                                   A: There is nothing
here. How does SCR technology really compare to EGR? Which is truly the            ue to cause problems like                                  added to the purchase
best way to go? What about servicing? The supply of DEF? We’re more than           smog, acid rain and respi-                                price of a tractor equip-
happy to provide some answers. Let’s get started.                                  ratory problems.                                         ped with e3 technology.
Q: How much money can e3 save me                                         A: No problem there. The system that
                                                                                                                                        DEF availability is widespread
   in fuel consumption?                                                     increases heat rejection in diesel
A: Compared to competitive models,                                          engines is an entirely different tech-
    e3 technology delivers up to 15%*                                       nology called EGR.
   in fuel savings. For example, if you                                  Q: Who else is using SCR technology
   normally consume 10 gallons per                                          in agriculture?
                       hour, use your                                    A: AGCO is first to offer SCR tech-
                       tractor for 600                                      nology in agriculture although
                       hours per year                                       we’re certain our competitors will
                       and assume $2.70                                     follow, initially in Europe then in
                       diesel fuel, you                                     North America. SCR has already
                       would save                                           been adopted by Mercedes-Benz,
                       an estimated                                                            ®
                                                                            Volvo, Cummins, Detroit Diesel®
                       $2,430 per year.                                     and PACCAR®      .
                       To calculate
   your potential savings just visit                                     THE TRUTH ABOUT DEF.
   www.agcocorp.com/e3.                                                  Q: What does Diesel Exhaust Fluid
Q: What about servicing. Isn’t it                                           (DEF) cost?                                 2.5 to 3% of fuel consumption, de-      Q: What would happen if I run my
   more complicated?                                                     A: DEF is expected to cost about the           pending on load.                           DEF tank dry while operating
                                                                            same as diesel fuel. Cost for DEF        Q: Will DEF be available in my area?          my tractor?
A: No, the e3 SCR process is a sim-
   ple one. Dealers require no special                                      will more than be recovered by the       A: Absolutely. There are literally thou-   A: Operators will be provided with
   training, diagnostic equipment or                                        savings in fuel efficiency.                 sands of supply locations springing        ample warning of low DEF levels.
   tools to service                                                                   Q: How long can I go              up across North America. Since the         If this warning is ignored, an elec-
   the system. The                                                                    between Diesel Exhaust            trucking industry has already adopt-       tronic switch will automatically cut
   lifespan of SCR                                                                    Fluid (DEF) refills?              ed SCR technology as the inevita-          engine power to half its output (safe
   components is                                                                                                        ble path to Tier 4, availability at        mode). Running the tractor without
                                                                                       A: DEF will be stored
   equal to the                                                                                                         truck stop chains is spreading na-         DEF will not cause damage and all
                                                                                       in a 8 gallon (30L) tank
   engine’s lifetime                                                                                                    tionwide. You’ll find DEF marketed         normal functions will be automati-
                                                                                       separate and adjacent to
   and servicing                                                                                                        under various brand names includ-          cally reset once the system senses
                                                                                       the diesel fuel tank on
   basically comes                                                                                                      ing AdBlue® and TerraCair.® AGCO           the DEF level has been restored.
                                                                            the tractor. For every 100 gal. of
   down to periodic filter replacements.                                    diesel fuel burned, you’ll only use         will also distribute DEF via its net-   Q: Can I store the Diesel Exhaust
Q: What about the heat issue? I’ve                                          three gallons of DEF. At current            work of equipment dealers across           Fluid on my farm?
   heard these exhaust systems can                                          Tier 3 levels, consump-                           North America.                    A: Yes. DEF will commonly be dis-
   cause fires.                                                             tion of DEF is about                                                                   tributed in 2.5 gallon (9.4L) jugs,
* Based on OECD tests of fuel consumption at Max. PTO Power (g/kW.hr).                                                                                             55 gal. (208L) drums and 275 gal.
   (1041L) intermediate bulk contain-           skin contact may cause irritation.
   ers (IBC’s). DEF is environmentally          DEF should be rinsed with water                                             AGCO SISU POWER diesels
   harmless, so no special precautions          if spilled on painted surfaces. No                                      set a new standard all their own.
   are necessary except to avoid freezing       certification is required to handle                • The e3 SCR system, combined with the SisuTronic™ electronic
   in temperatures below 12ºF (-11ºC).          or store DEF.                                        engine management system significantly improves fuel economy.
   To that end, a heater band is available   Q: I’ve heard there could be prob-                    • Better fuel economy means lower CO2 emissions.
   for 55-gallon and 275-gallon DEF             lems with the Diesel Exhaust                       • Improved combustion results in emission levels of Particulate
   containers, to prevent freezing. DEF         Fluid freezing in cold weather.                         Matter that are 70% lower than Tier 3 requirements.
   should not be stored for more than
                                             A:The fact is, DEF begins to gel at                   • Optimized combustion decreases heat rejection by 15%, so the
   a year, because after that time the                                                                  cooling package can be smaller and more efficient.
                                               about the same temperature as
   solution can break down.
                                               diesel fuel:12ºF (-11ºC). A pump                    • AGCO SISU POWER engines are B100 biodiesel ready.
Q: Is Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF)               empties the system when the en-
   a fuel additive?                            gine is shut down. And even if fro-
A: No, DEF isn’t added to diesel fuel          zen, DEF thaws quickly from the
   nor burned by the engine. It is used        warmth supplied by the heated                 AGCO, Your Agriculture Company, is a premier manufacturer of
   only by the exhaust system to treat         tank and delivery line system.             agricultural equipment, providing high-tech solutions for professional
   exhaust gases. DEF is stored in its       Q: Is DEF required to meet any               farmers feeding the world.
   own tank on the tractor and replen-          quality standards?                           The company is dedicated to delivering superior customer service,
   ished in a similar way to refueling.                                                   innovation and quality. AGCO products are distributed in more than
                                             A: Yes, stringent (ISO 22241 and DIN
Q: Is DEF corrosive? Is certification                                                     140 countries worldwide.
                                                70070) standards for purity and
   needed to store DEF?                         concentration have been established.                                          For more information about e3:
A: DEF is non-toxic and poses no seri-                                                           Call 877-525-4384 or visit www.agcocorp.com/e3
                                             Q: Can e3 technology be installed as        Or visit your local AGCO, Massey Ferguson or Challenger Dealer.
   ous risk to humans, animals or the           an aftermarket item?
   environment. The product is slightly                                                Massey Ferguson and AGCO are registered trademarks of AGCO Corporation. e3, AGCO SISU POWER and SisuTronic are global trademarks of
                                             A: No, e3 is only available on new        AGCO Corporation. Challenger® is a registered trademark of Caterpillar Inc. and used under license by AGCO Corporation. AdBlue® is the registered
   alkaline with a pH of 9.0 so should                                                 trademark for AUS32 (Aqueous Urea Solution 32.5%) owned by Verband der Automobilindustrie (VDA) or the German Association of the Automo-
                                                machines and cannot be retrofitted.    tive Industry. TerraCair® is a registered trademark of Terra Industries, Inc. Cummins® is a registered trademark of Cummins Inc. Detroit Diesel® is a registered
   not be kept in contact with alumi-                                                  trademark of Detroit Diesel Corporation, a Daimler company. PACCAR® is a registered trademark of PACCAR Inc. Mercedes-Benz® is a registered trade-
                                                                                       mark of Mercedes-Benz USA, LLC/Daimler AG. BMW® is a registered trademark of BMW of North America, LLC. Volvo® is a registered trademark of
   num, brass or mild steel. Prolonged                                                 Volvo Cars of North America, LLC. Aforementioned of Mercedes-Benz and Volvo does not constitute an endorsement of e3 and/or AGCO Corporation.
MS09046 E-3 Brochure 102099.83202

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