Mere hours before adjourning for its August 2007 recess, Congress amended the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) and enacted the Protect America Act of 2007. During the following months, while Congress considered changes to the Protect America Act, a communications service provider challenged on Fourth Amendment grounds the constitutionality of the legislation in classified proceedings before the FISA Court and later, on appeal, before the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court of Review (Court of Review). The Court of Review's decision in many ways spoke to the issues raised in the debate on the Protect America Act. On the one hand, it recognized the dangers of indiscriminate executive power and acknowledged that the government cannot unilaterally sacrifice constitutional rights on the altar of national security. Government surveillance for purposes of national security was bound by the Fourth Amendment. On the other hand, the court recognized that the government's interest in the safety and security of its people was of utmost significance.