1922-1930 Athens,Thessaloniki, US by garvinca


									Gantanos family (no date )

       Thea Kali Her father adopted Fotini

       1921 An improvement in Turkey's diplomatic situation accompanied its military
       success. Impressed by the viability of the nationalist forces, both France and Italy
       withdrew from Anatolia by October 1921. Treaties were signed that year with Soviet
       Russia, the first European power to recognize the nationalists, establishing the
boundary between the two countries. As early as 1919, the Turkish nationalists had
cooperated with the Bolshevik government in attacking the newly proclaimed
Armenian republic. Armenian resistance was broken by the summer of 1921, and the
Kars region was occupied by the Turks. In 1922 the nationalists recognized the
Soviet absorption of what remained of the Armenian state.

                 This picture / postcard was sent to Anna's first cousin,
                 Constantine (Gus) Dimitriou. It must have been sent via an
                 envelope (no postmarks). Note lower R corner number 231.
                 On the back Anna wrote.
                 Easter 1921 in Brusa.

                 Thea Penelope Demetrion said that Anna often visited
                 Brusa with her Godmother and knew Brusa well.

                                                      Diakomidis Soldier’s
                                                      Hospital (school converted
                                                      to a hospital) 10 June 1921
In August of 1922 the
Greek army was
defeated close to
   Anna and friend                                             Note on back of picture / card

              When the Greeks tried to occupy their new territories, Ataturk led a successful war of
              resistance. The Greeks were routed and Smyrna fell to the Turks in August 1922.
              Subsequently more than a million Greeks were expelled from Turkish territory (in exhange
              500,000 Turks and a large number of Albanians and Bulgarians were expelled from Greece).
              This catastrophe marked the end of the Megali Idea For the first time in Greek History there
              were not

As the battles between the Greek and Turkish armies came closer to Mundanya Anna and Fotini fled
Mundanya in August 1922 for Tekirdag.a Turkish city across the Sea of Marmara on the European side of
the Ottoman Empire. Like the other Greek refugees Anna and her mother could only take what they could
carry. They had to climb up a rope ladder to board an American ship. From Tekirdag they made their way to

              Address in 1923
              Source Letter from Constantine DEMETRIOU dated 3/24/1923
              Othos Akathemias apt 51
              Athens Greece
 August 1922 Like other refugees from Mudanya Anna and Fotini fled their home for the
pier to find a ship for Greece. Anna told JG that her Mother was told by a man that the
Turks would be coming and she should leave. Her mother replied why should she leave,
she was a widow who has not hurt anyone. The man replied that the Turks would rape her
daughter. Her Mother immediately decided to flee. They took just what they could carry. In
their haste they put odd items of their silver ware and other items in a rug, bundled the rug
with its contents, carried the bundles on their backs along with 2 chickens to the pier.
They found an American ship that would take them out of Mudanya. They had to climb up a
rope ladder to board the ship. To make the dresses like pants they pinned their dresses
between their legs. As they climbed they dropped the chickens. Anna said just the
Americans helped the refugees even though there were British ships nearby. The boat took
them to Tekirdag and from there they made their way to Athens.
    Tekirdag Turkish city across the Sea of Marmara on the European side of the Ottoman Empire.

   This is the beginning of the 1922 disaster in Asia Minor. Although one of their slogans
   was the ending of war with Turkey, the new government continued the war against
   Mustafa Kemal, going deeper and deeper into Asia. Bolshevik Russia, France and Italy
   helped Mustafa Kemal with military equipment The final drive against the Greeks began in.
   In September the Turks moved into Izmir, where thousands were killed during the ensuing
   fighting and in the disorder that followed the city's capture. Greek soldiers and refugees, who
   had crowded into Izmir, were rescued by Allied ships

       KYRIAKI came to Greece in 1922 after the CATASTROPHE in Asia Minor.
             Well, KYRIAKI DOUMENOGLOU married YIANNIS FOTOGLOU. When they came as refugees to
             Greece, it was customary to change the turkish sounding suffixes on the surnames e.g.- oglou .
             Thus, the surname of this married woman became FOTIADOU.KYRIAKI gave birth to four children :

              Address in 1923
              Source Letter from Constantine DEMETRIOU dated 3/24/1923
              Othos Akathemias apt 51
              Athens Greece

While in Athens they slept in a tent and then in a distant relative’s home. Anna worked in a knitting,
crocheting work place established in the Greek palace by the Queen of Greece to help female refugees earn
money. (Historical note Some say the Queen of Greece got the idea after learning that the U.S. author
Edith Wharton had established such places for Polish refugees during World War I)

        The nationalist army then concentrated on driving remaining Greek forces out of eastern
        Thrace, but the new campaign threatened to put the Turks in direct confrontation with Allied
        contingents defending access to the straits and holding Istanbul, where they were protecting
        the Ottoman government. A crisis was averted when Atatürk accepted a British-proposed
        truce that brought an end to the fighting and also signaled that the Allies were unwilling to
        intervene on behalf of the Greeks. In compliance with the Armistice of Mundanya,
        concluded in October, Greek troops withdrew beyond the Maritsa River, allowing the Turkish
        nationalists to occupy territory up to that boundary. The agreement entailed acceptance of a
        continued Allied presence in the straits and in Istanbul until a comprehensive settlement
        could be reached.

        At the end of October 1922, the Allies invited the nationalist and Ottoman governments to a
        conference at Lausanne, Switzerland, but Atatürk was determined that the nationalist
        government should be Turkey's sole representative. In November 1922, the Grand National
        Assembly separated the offices of sultan and caliph and abolished the former. The
        assembly further stated that the Ottoman regime had ceased to be the government of
        Turkey when the Allies seized the capital in 1920, in effect abolishing the Ottoman Empire.
        Mehmet VI went into exile on Malta, and his cousin, Abdülmecid, was named caliph.

29 Jan 2009
Dear thea,
the enlarged document you sent is legible now .The exact translation is ¨

1 Feb 2009 This is addressed to Ioannis Fotis Oglou, meaning Ioannis the son of Fotis. Could it be that Fotis Oglou is
another form of the surname Fotoglou (where Fotis became Fot- by omitting the ending -is and the separate Oglou
became the ending, letting Fot+Oglou= Fotoglou emerge ? If this is the case, then Ioannis Fotis Oglou would be my
mother's grandfather (Yiannis/Ioannis Fotoglou, the father of Eleni, Zoe, Dimitrakis and Nikos).

Turkish counter-attack (August 1922)

Information told CGG:
Anna said she and her mother (Fotini) fled Mundanya in August 1922 and went to Tekirdag. She and her
mother could only take what they could carry. In their haste to leave they put their silver and things in a rug,
bundled the rug with its contents, carried the bundles, 2 chickens and fled. They had to climb up a rope
ladder to get on board an American ship. To make the dresses like pants they pinned their dresses between
their legs then climbed the ladder. They dropped the chickens as they climbed the side of the ship. She said
only the Americans helped the refugees. Even though there were British ships nearby also.

Sept. 1922 Turkish troops re-capture Bursa and Gemlik in the north, as well as Foça and Seferihisar around
İzmir On September 2, Eskisehir was captured and the Greek government asked Britain to arrange a truce
that would at least preserve its rule in Smyrna.[29] Balikesir and Bilecik were taken on September 6, and
Aydin the next day. Manisa was taken on September 8. The government in Athens resigned. Turkish cavalry
entered into Smyrna on September 9. Gemlik and Mudanya fell on September 11, with an entire Greek
division surrendering. Expulsion of Greek Army from Anatolia was completed in September 14. As historian
George Lenczowski has put it: "Once started, the offensive was a dazzling success. Within two weeks the
Turks drove the Greek army back to the Mediterranean Sea."[30]

 From Terkidag they went to Athens. In Athens they slept in a tent and in some distant relatives homes.
Anna worked in a knitting, crotcheting factory to earn some money then they went to Thessaloniki. (Source:
Anna told her granddaughter Anne GARVIN LAY the knitting work place was established by the Queen of
Greece to help female refugees earn money. (Historical note U.S. author Edith Wharton had established
such places for Polish refugees during World War I.)
Thea Kali and her husband Stelaneous Koltpavis were wealthy. They had rings etc. Thea Kali's husband
sold jewelery in Salonika, bought stocks and a home. They gave Anna and her mother rooms until they
rented a room from the Garolapdo brothers. They used the Garolapdo address until the brothers relatives
came. Then Anna and her mother had to leave.
 Note: Source Anna Garvin Lay I remember she told me the crocheting school/factory was in the Palace,
the King/Queen wanting to help with the refugees. A.

Source: Anna P. GAROFALOS as told to John GAROFALOS and CGG. Anna said that the treaty for
ending the Greek Turkey was signed in her Nouna's house because it was the best house in Mundanya.
When CGG and her husband Bill GARVIN and George Nick REVELOS visited Mundanya in 1995 and the
"Armistic Museum" where the conference of four delegations, British, French, Italian and Turkey was held.
The conference started on October 3 1922 and the Treaty of Mundanya sometimes called Mundanya Cease
Fire Convention was signed October 11, 1922. The Greek government acknowledged the Convention
October 13, 1922. According to the book ATATURK, The Birth of a Nation by Lord Knross, the
Conference of Mundanya was held in the Russian Consulate in Mundanya. It may be that the Russians used
the house after the Greek family fled or the Turks did not want to acknowledge that the museum is the home
had been a home of a Greek family or Anna P. Garofalos was in error. But when CGG went to the museum
in 1995 she saw a chair that fit the description of the chair Anna P. G. remembered and spoke of when she
described her childhood memories.
Events leading up to Anna and Fotini leaving Mundanya

       On October 29, 1923, the Grand National Assembly proclaimed the Republic of Turkey.
       Atatürk was named its president and Ankara its capital, and the modern state of Turkey was

In 1924 Anna and Fotini went to Thessaloniki. They were to get rooms vacated by the Turks. However
many Turks (she said) did not leave. In Thessaloniki they heard a Jewish family was preparing to leave for
Palestine. To be sure they would get the apartment. Anna and Fotini lived in the hall until the family left and
then moved into the apartment. Anna and Fotini lived in Thessaloniki 1924 to 1926.

               Feb. 18,1926 but not sent had address
               Othos Othonos no 31
               Salonika Greece

Information found on a postcard with picture of ship and what she told CGG
Anna claimed her cousin (Constantine Demetriou ) was her brother and used his family name to immigrate to
the USA.
1926Anna Garofalos left France September 25, 1926 Arrived Cuba October 14, 1926

                                                                   1926 She said she was sea sick the
                                                                   whole way. The ship was crowded
                                                                   and uncomfortable. Her cousin
                                                                   arranged for her to come and marry
                                                                   George Garofalos. She agreed to
                                                                   this because it was tho only way to
                                                                   get out of Greece. After her
                                                                   marriage she was able to bring her
                                                                   mother to the US.

5 Nov. 1926 arrived in Key West Florida

Gantanos home in Mundanya is now a museum. The peace treaty ending the Greek / Turkish war was
signed in this house.** Picture taken by WH GARVIN September 1995.

              Feb. 18,1926 but not sent had address
              Othos Othonos no 31
              Salonika Greece
To come to America, Anna's first cousin Constantine Demetriou arranged for her to marry a Greek bachelor,
George GAROFALOS. Anna left her mother in Thessaloniki, boarded the ship MAASDAM HOLLAND-
AMERICA LINE ESPANA A CUBA Y MEJICO from Marseilles, France on September 25 1926 arrived in
Cuba October 14, 1926. Anna said she was seasick the whole way. The ship was crowded and
uncomfortable. George was waiting for Anna in Cuba. Anna and George GAROFALOS were married
November 2, 1926. in Havana Cuba. With her husband she stayed in Florida for a few months and then
came to Middletown Ohio where she lived until her death. Rearing two small boys and pregnant with her
third child Anna was able to obtain her Certification of Citizenship No. 3188081 March 11, 1930 so she
could bring her mother Fotini to the U.S.
Anna married George GAROFALOS on 2 NOV 1926 in Havana Cuba. George (parents John
GAROFALAKIS and Kalliopi SPLINAKIS GAROFALAKIS) was born 4 MAR 1888 in Kalamafka, Crete,
Greece. He died 03 FEB 1942 in Middletown Hospital Middletown, Ohio.

       18 October 1926 to Nephew Costa (DEMETRIOU)

       We received a telegram from George. "Our Anna arrived well. .... Her where I wait. I have the same
       friends who do not leave me alone and ?

       I cannot go anywhere else. Anna's Nouna to take me in Athens but I am unable because I want
       company to meet from the village. The will not let me be alone. I wait ?? your letter. With kisses
       your Aunt Fotini

       PS We learned from the newspapers the catastrophe in Miami and were fearful about my child ???
       but the telegram from George eased my fears.

Source letter: Envelope address: Othonis 31, Salonika, Greece

Name in U. S. Fotini Nicolaou New York Passenger list Fotini PapoudoglouArrival Date:        26 Aug
1933 Estimated birth year: abt 1874 Age: 59 Gender: FemalePort of Departure: Piraeus, Greece
Ethnicity/Race-/Nationality: GreekShip Name: Byron Port of Arrival:New York, New York Nativity:
TurkeyLine: 9Original passenger list Housewife, Illiterate City Moudania, Passport number 193 Athens
issued 29.7.33

In 1933 ? Fotini was on the ship Lord Byron along with Katherine JAMISON GROSS age 6 and her mother
Thea Marika, Thea Marika was Anna P. GAROFALOS’ friend from Mundanya who also stayed in
Thessalonika until her husband could bring her to the US. Katherine, Thea Marika and Fotini rode the train
from New York to Cleveland, Ohio. The JAMESONS continued to Colorado and Fotini alone traveled to
Middletown Ohio.

Source Nick Garofalos. *() are CGG additions. I remember that our grandmother arrived from Greece with
Katherin Jamison *(Gross) and her mother *(Thea Marika, Thea Marika was Anna P. Garofalos's friend.
Thea Marika was from Mundanya and fled to Thessalonika also.). Katherine and her mother came to the US
on the Lord Byron, then escorted our Grandmonther on the train as far as Cleveland, Ohio. Poor
Grandmother had to stay on the big 4 train to Middletown where the Greek community welcomed her. I was
8 or 9. *(Nick was born Sept.5 1927
Source Nick GAROFALOS remembered the following: When we lived on Central Ave. a woman who
brought vegetables and eggs from her farm near Gratis, Ohio, Mrs. DILLON would have Popie (CGG) sit
near Grandmother and translate between Mrs. Dillon and Grandmother.

As to the time line of our moves. Dad died before we went to Broad St.

Big Jim's Dad helped us at Central Ave. Mom may have sold half of the store to Mr. Demetrion for enough
money to buy the grocery store. Soon after Grandmother died we returned to Manchester.

Name: Fotini Nicolaou Death Date: 2 Dec 1943 City of Death: Middletown County of Death: Butler Baker
Funeral Home Bill Payments made Name Fotini NicolaouDec. 28 $30Dec 28. 44.68Feb 18, 1944 $50. Bal

Notice in newspaper (in family album) Fotini Nicolaou age 76 Died at the home of her daughter, Mrs. Anna
Garofalos 300 North Broad St. after an illness of five years.

Source Nick Garofalos. Uncle Gus (Constantine Demetriou). His Mom was our Grandmother's (Fotine)
sister, as I remember. Grandmother died when we lived on Broad St. Uncle Gus was on his way to visit her
and us. He asked me how everyone was and I had to tell him Grandmother had passed away about 10
minutes ago. Also Mrs. Eliopolous was visiting at the time. I was informed Grandmother told Mom and Mrs.
E. she would like to lie down. Then when asked if she needed anything she requested some ice cream.
Mom got some from the store and gave her a small spoonful. Grandmother said in Greek thank you and

Ancestry.com and Ohio Department of Health. Ohio Deaths, 1908-1944 and 1958-2002 [database on-line].
Provo, UT, USA:

        Source letter: Envelope address: Othonis 31, Salonika, Greece

This is a picture compilation by Constantine Demetriou. On top left is my uncle Demetris Tsabazis ( Chrysoula's
brother living in Athens), wearing his senior high school uniform.. Below is uncle and underneath are ny grandfather
Nikos with the moustache (Chrysoula, Demetris and late Yiannis' father).Next to my grandfather Nikos is Eleni and
Zoe's brother, Nikos. The two women on the right are my grandmother Eleni and her sister, grandmother Zoe. The
other woman is their brother's wife, Kyriaki. Constantine on the bottom left picture seems proud of his lemon tree.
I don't know who the blonde lady standing alone is or the lady with the two children. Is it your mother Anna ? Are you
one of the children? The other picture features my grandmother Eleni (the one sitting) and her sister Zoe (standing).
The rest, as you can see, are pictures of Constantine.
On the back of the picture he typed :

66 years old August 30, 1955 and wrote :"this picture is a souvenir look at me, so I can look at you".

My reply The woman and boys are not part of our family. I have sent the picture to a friend who may know
who the woman and the two boys. Constantine had a woman / beautician in his barber shop. She may be the
woman in the picture with her two sons. Thea
25 Feb 2009
Dear thea,

I've just contacted the Idryma Meizonos Ellinismou (Foundation of Major Hellenism), the site www.genealogies.gr
belongs to. Mr. Mihalis Barlas is in charge of this programme and he asked me to tell you to contact him via his email :
miwa@ime.gr to discuss any details you wish. Using English is OK. You can discuss any ideas, suggestions etc. with
him. I can be of assistance, too, of course.

Central Avenue, West from Broad, South Side, c.1938

3, 1998 Αμηόηηκε θπξία Γαξνθαιάθε,
κε ηεξάζηηα ζπγθίλεζε ιάβακε ηελ θωηνγξαθία απηή !!! Σαο επραξηζηνύκε, ΄ηόζν εγώ, όζν θαη ε κεηέξα κνπ
Χξπζνύια Φπηηιή, από βάζνπο θαξδηάο γηα ηελ επγέλεηα πνπ είραηε λα καο ζηείιεηε ηελ θωηνγξαθία. Ννηώζνπκε ζαλ
λα δωληαλεύεη έλα θνκκάηη ηεο νηθνγελεηαθήο ηζηνξίαο κεηά από ηόζα θαη ηόζα ρξόληα !! Η κεηέξα κνπ, Χξπζνύια
Φπηηιή, εηώλ 68, είλαη εγγνλή ηεο αδειθήο ηνπο Κπξηαθήο πνπ παξέκεηλε Ειιάδα, όηαλ απηνί έθπγαλ γηα Ακεξηθή κεηά
ηελ Μηθξαζηαηηθή Καηαζηξνθή). Εάλ ππάξρνπλ ζπγγελείο , ζαο ζηέιλνπκε ηελ δηεύζπλζή καο, γηα λα επηθνηλωλήζνπλ
καδί καο , αλ ζέινπλ.

Ειέλε Φπηηιή
Αγίνπ Δεκεηξίνπ 19
67100 Ξάλζε
ηει. 2541028727 (ε επηθνηλωλία κπνξεί λα γίλεη θαη ζηα Αγγιηθά )῎

Καη πάιη ζαο επραξηζηνύκε ζεξκά. Ο Θεόο λα έρεη θαιά εζάο θαη όιε ηελ Οκνγέλεηα. Χαηξεηηζκνύο ζε όινπο από ηελ
Παηξίδα !
Με ηηκή
Φπηηιή Ειέλε θαη Χξπζνύια
She died 31 AUG 1990 in Cleo GAROFALOS GARVIN home Middletown, Ohio. Mundanya Asia Minor
(at that time part of the Ottoman empire) now Turkey.

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