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					Tzu Chi University             Tzu Chi Indonesia     DRPM -UI
                                  Foundation




                        International Seminar

   TOWARDS HUMANISTIC-APPPROACH RELOCATION

                        February 11-12, 2009

            Auditorium Rumah Sakit Khusus Bedah
                    Perumahan Cinta kasih I
                  Jl. Raya Cengkareng Kapuk
                 Cengkareng – Jakarta Barat



                          Kerjasama antara

                     Universitas Tzu Chi – Taiwan,

                     Tzu Chi Indonesia Foundation

                                 dan

                        Universitas Indonesia
                                          DAFTAR ISI


Daftar Isi                                                                           I

Sambutan Ketua Panitia                                                              iii

Kata Pengantar                                                                      iv

Latar Belakang                                                                       1

Informasi Seminar                                                                    3

Jadual Program                                                                       4

Abstrak Bidang Kesehatan

Tuberculosis Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behaviors Among Students at Love Village I
                                                                                     8
and Other Schools in West Jakarta

Tuberculosis Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behaviors Among Community
                                                                                     9
Residents at Great Love Village I and II in West Jakarta

Structure of The Health Promotion of Anti-Tuberculosis at Great Love Village I      10

Against Tuberculosis Tzu Chi Village in Indonesia                                   11

Health Promotion School in Tzu Chi Village                                          12

TB Health Promotion in School                                                       13

The Evaluation of Health Behavior Practice in Relation of Diarrhea Incidence        14

The Evaluation of Developmental Status Of Under Five Children Inhabited at Kali
                                                                                    17
Angke Riverside Using Kuesioner Pra Skrining Perkembangan (KPSP)

Research On Water Quality At Kali Angke                                             18

Abstrak Bidang Sosial

Socio-Psychological Variables Relating Living In Rusun Tzu Chi                      20

Adapt in High Rise Building                                                         22

Deviant Behavior In Rusun Tzu Chi                                                   23

Ethical Concern and Practices in Religious Cooperation                              24

The Effects of Educational Aid to Learning Performance among Disadvantaged          25
Students: The Case of Jakarta Tzu Chi School in Indonesia

                                                                                          i
Children’s Growth and Changes: What happened after children studying in TC School?   26

Interethnic Relations In Jakarta Great Love Village                                  27

Kepanitiaan                                                                          28

Peta Rumah Susun Cinta Kasih 1 (Tzu Chi)                                             29




                                                                                          ii
                                SAMBUTAN KETUA PANITIA



Assalamu’alaikum Wr. Wb

Universitas Indonesia terus berbenah dalam upaya mencapai universitas riset kelas dunia sebagai
penterjemahan dari Surat Keputusan Majelis Wali Amanah Universitas Indonesia (SK MWA
005/SK/MWA-UI/2007). Salah satu kegiatan yang dilakukan adalah peningkatan kolaborasi riset
internasional antara Universitas Indonesia dan universitas luar negeri maupun dengan institusi asing
yang memiliki reputasi internasional.
Dalam kerangka itulah, Universitas Indonesia dan Universitas Tzu Chi Taiwan melakukan kerjasama
penelitian tentang komunitas penghuni rumah susun Cinta Kasih sejak tahun 2007. Penelitian yang
diharapkan berjalan selama tiga tahun ini telah menyelesaikan fase pertama yang hasilnya
dipresentasikan dalam konferensi internasional ”Towards Humanistic-Approach Relocation”
(Menuju Relokasi yang Humanis) tanggal 11-12 Februari 2009.
Konferensi internasional ini menghadirkan para peneliti dari Universitas Indonesia, Universitas Tzu
Chi Taiwan dan Yayasan Buddha Tzu Chi Indonesia. Mereka bekerja sama melakukan penelitian
secara independen tentang aspek kesehatan, psikologis, sosio-ekonomi, keagamaan dan budaya
komunitas rumah susun Cinta Kasih yang didirikan oleh Yayasan Buddha Tzu Chi pada tahun 2003.
Kegiatan kerjasama penelitian ini tidak hanya bernilai strategis sebagai sebuah kolaborasi riset
multidisplin internasional yang akan meningkatkan leverage Universitas Indonesia. Namun hal yang
tidak kalah penting adalah terjadinya proses transfer of knowledge diantara para peneliti dari kedua
universitas dan institusi terkait. Selain itu secara substantif, penelitian ini sesuai dengan renstra
Universitas Indonesia yang menetapkan bahwa penelitian-penelitian unggulan bermuara pada
penyelesaian masalah urban (perkotaan), khususnya DKI Jakarta dan sekitarnya.
Menurut rencana konferensi ini akan diselenggarakan selama dua hari. Hari pertama membahas
tema kesehatan sedangkan hari kedua tentang sosial budaya. Harapan kami, konferensi ini dapat
dihadiri oleh lebih kurang seratus lima puluh orang peserta yang mewakili berbagai unsur. Dengan
demikian diharapkan hasil penelitian ini dapat memberikan dampak positif kepada para stakeholders
terkait khususnya para pengambil kebijakan dan masyarakat.
Panitia menyampaikan penghargaan setinggi-tingginya kepada para pihak yang telah berkontribusi
pada kerjasama penelitian ini, khususnya kepada para sponsor National Science Council Taiwan,
Universitas Tzu Chi Taiwan, Yayasan Buddha Tzu Chi Indonesia dan Universitas Indonesia. Kami juga
berterima kasih kepada masyarakat yang tinggal di rusun Cinta Kasih yang telah bahu-membahu
menjadi mitra bagi para peneliti. Kami juga mengucapkan terima kasih kepada pimpinan Universitas,
Fakultas di lingkungan UI, Direktorat Riset dan Pengabdian Masyarakat (DRPM) Universitas Indonesia
dan segenap panitia yang selalu mendukung kegiatan ini sehingga konferensi ini bisa berjalan
dengan baik.
Akhirnya, kami berharap wujud kerjasama penelitian seperti ini dapat menjadi model bagi penelitian
serupa yang dapat bermanfaat baik bagi Universitas Indonesia, Universitas Tzu Chi Taiwan, Yayasan
Buddha Tzu Chi Indonesia dan masyarakat secara luas. Selamat berkonferensi.
Wassalamu’alaikum Wr. Wb.



Tirta N. Mursitama, PhD
Ketua Panitia

                                                                                                  iii
                                     KATA PENGANTAR



Compassion and Love as the Bridge to Cultural Understanding


The reports to be appeared at this conference are partial fruits of an interdisciplinary and
transnational research project which intends to probe the impacts of relocation to the immigrants
originally settled along the riverbanks of Angke River in Jarkata. Enacted by the Tzu Chi Indonesia
Foundation, the charity program of removing the riverbank residents was initiated in 2002. It takes
about a year to build 1,100 apartment houses, a school, and a medical clinic in the Great Love
Village of Cengkareng. While this action attracted profound attention from both local and
international organizations as it provides a multi-faceted assistance to the residents’ needs, it
appears to be crucial to conduct a follow-up research to understand how this kind of action will
affect the help-recipients such that a model can be made for other similar programs. Starting from
2006, a research team was organized at Tzu Chi University in Taiwan with the scholars coming from
varied fields in social sciences and public health. An interdisciplinary research project was then
initiated and focused on the residents’ health, religious attitude and experience, school student’s
commitment to learning and altruistic activities, and interethnic relations between the Indonesians
and local Chinese who helped to build new houses for the residents. A new research team
organized by scholars from the University of Indonesia joined in 2007 and carried a totally
independent research. The accomplishment of these projects will not be possible without the
supports from the National Science Council of Taiwan, Tzu Chi University, University of Indonesia
and Tzu Chi Indonesia Foundation. Finally, but not the least, we deeply appreciate the residents of
Great Love Village who have kindly received our interviews and observations. All members of
these projects have only one goal in their minds: providing objective and justifiable evidence for
future plans such that more peoples in need will be benefited from these kinds of aiding programs.



Prof. Hsu Mutsu


Dean of the College of Humanities and Social Sciences
Tzu Chi University




                                                                                                iv
                                      LATAR BELAKANG


Kali Angke merupakan satu dari sekian banyak sungai yang memiliki arti penting bagi warga Jakarta.
Selain sebagai penyedia kebutuhan air, Kali Angke merefleksikan geliat kehidupan sosial masyarakat.
Kondisi Kali Angke menggambarkan masyarakat Jakarta hidup dan berinteraksi dengan lingkungan
sekitarnya.

Selama lebih dari 50 tahun Kali Angke telah menyatu dengan kehidupan penduduk lokal Jakarta dan
kaum imigran yang tinggal di sekitarnya, termasuk di daerah bantaran sungai yang sebenarnya ilegal
untuk dihuni.

Banyak faktor yang berkontribusi terjadinya kondisi ini selama bertahun-tahun. Rendahnya tingkat
pendidikan, himpitan ekonomi yang berkontribusi pada kondisi kemiskinan telah menjadi
karakteristik kehidupan masyarakat yang termajinalisasi oleh pembangunan di bantaran Kali Angke.

Setelah banjir besar melanda Jakarta tahun 2002, Yayasan Tzu Chi Indonesia mencanangkan ”Jakarta
Food Relief Program” melalui 5 P. Yakni, pengeringan, pembersihan, penyemprotan, pengobatan
dan perumahan. Kali Angke dipilih sebagai pilot project mengingat arti kesejarahan yang mendalam
bagi masyarakat Jakarta.

Kemudian dibangunlah Rumah Susun (Rusun) Cinta Kasih di wilayah Kamal, Jakarta Barat oleh
Yayasan Buddha Tzu Chi Indonesia pada tahun 2003. Mulailah relokasi masyarakat yang tinggal di
bantaran Kali Angke ke Rusun tersebut.

Sejak itu hampir lima tahun, berbagai masalah kesehatan, kepemilikan rumah, identitas regional,
adaptasi terhadap lingkungan yang baru maupun komunitas yang baru harus dihadapi oleh para
penghuni baru ini. Menyadari kondisi seperti ini, Universitas Tzu Chi-Taiwan dan Yayasan Buddha Tzu
Chi Indonesia bekerjasama dengan Direktorat Riset dan Pengabdian Masyarakat (DRPM) Universitas
Indonesia tergerak melakukan penelitian tentang komunitas Rusun beserta aspek-aspeknya.

Secara spesifik, penelitian bidang kesehatan dilakukan oleh Tim Kualitas Air terhadap kesehatan
lingkungan (air sungai) Kali Angke dan Tim Kesehatan Masyarakat meneliti status kesehatan
masyarakat yang tinggal di sekitar Kali Angke dan di hunian baru mreka di Rusun Cinta Kasih I.
Sedangkan penelitian bidang sosial fokus pada kondisi psikologis masyarakat setelah menempati
Rusun Cinta Kasih I. Penelitian tim ini meliputi antara lain gaya hidup, adaptasi masyarakat,
hubungan inter-etnik, hubungan inter-religi, dan dampak pendidikan di lingkungan baru. Penelitian
multidispliner ini dilakukan oleh para peneliti dari Universitas Indonesia serta Universitas Tzu Chi-
Taiwan.

Sebagai bagian dari penelitian tersebut, pada tanggal 11 dan 12 Februari 2009 ini akan dilaksanakan
Konferensi Internasional dengan tema ”Menuju Relokasi yang Humanis”. Acara tersebut akan
diselenggarakan di Auditorium Rumah Sakit Khusus Bedah Rusun Cinta Kasih di Kamal, Jakarta Barat
dengan menghadirkan para peneliti dari Universitas Tzu Chi-Taiwan dan Universitas Indonesia.

Konferensi yang berlangsung selama dua hari ini diharapkan dapat menjadi ajang diseminasi hasil
penelitian sekaligus diskusi dengan para stakeholders. Terutama adalah pemerintah provinsi DKI
Jakarta, pemerintah pusat, kalangan industri, akademisi, lembaga swadaya masyarakat, mahasiswa
dan masyarakat umum. Dengan demikian, hasil penelitian ini dapat memberikan manfaat yang nyata



                                                                                                   1
kepada semua stakeholders terkait. Khususnya dalam pengambilan kebijakan relokasi penduduk
marjinal yang tinggal di bantaran-bantaran sungai ke tempat yang lebih baik secara lebih manusiawi.

Pada akhirnya, hasil dan proses kajian tersebut nantinya diharapkan memunculkan suatu model
penanganan yang komprehensif terhadap masyarakat yang tinggal di bantaran-bantaran sungai di
Indonesia; mulai dari relokasi sampai dengan pola hidup dan adaptasi masyarakat terhadap kondisi
lingkungan dan tempat tinggal yang baru.




                                                                                                 2
INFORMASI SEMINAR



Tema                Menuju Relokasi yang Humanis

Waktu Pelaksanaan   Rabu-Kamis, 11-12 Februari 2009

Panitia Pelaksana   Yayasan Tzu Chi Indonesia
                    Direktorat Riset dan Pengabdian Masyarakat Universitas Indonesia

Tempat              Auditorium Rumah Sakit Khusus Bedah (RSKB)
                    Rumah Susun Cinta Kasih 1
                    Jl. Raya Cengkareng Kapuk
                    Cengkareng, Jakarta Barat
                    Tel: (021) 7063 6783; 0818 176635 (Dwi Astuti)

Serketariat         Direktorat Riset dan Pengabdian Masyarakat UI
                    Gedung DRPM, Kampus UI-Depok
                    Depok 16424
                    Indonesia
                    Tel: 62-21-7270152, 78849118
                    Fax: 62-21-78849119
                    Email: drpm_ui_depok@yahoo.com




                                                                                       3
JADUAL PROGRAM

  Tanggal        Waktu                               Program

Rabu         08:00 - 09.00   Registrasi
11/02/2008
             09:00 - 09.30   Pembukaan (Mc: Mutia)
                               -   Prof. Dr. der Soz. Gumilar Rusliwa Somantri
                                  (Rektor Universitas Indonesia)
                               -   Ketua Yayasan Tzu Chi
                               -   Gubernur DKI Jakarta*
             09:30 - 10.00   Pembicara Utama
                               Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia*
             10:00 - 10.30   “Overview of Angke River and Resettlement Project”
                             Pembicara: Mr. Hong Tjhin, Tzu Chi Indonesian
                             Foundation
                             Moderator : Ir. Tawang Sotya
             10:30 - 10.45   Rehat Kopi
                             Press Conference
             10.45 – 11.40   Presentasi I
                             “Health Promotion of Rusun Tzu Chi“
                             Pembicara: Dr. Yin Liming & Siti Badriyah, SKM
                             (Tzu Chi University)
Bidang       11.40 – 12.10   Presentasi II
Kesehatan                    “The Evaluation of Health Behavior Practice in Relation
                             to The Diarrhea Incidence”
                             Pembicara: Astuti Yuni Nursasi, SKp,. MN (Universitas
                             Indonesia)
             12.10 – 12.30   Diskusi Panel
                             Moderator: Dra. Fatma Lestari, Ph.D
             12.30– 13.30    Makan Siang/ISHOMA
             13.30 - 14.30   Tour Keliling Rusun
                             Penanggung Jawab: Albert Ng dan Teddy K. Gusti
             14.30 – 15.00   Presentasi III
                             “The Evaluation of Developmental Status of Children
                             Under 5 years old inhabited at Kali Angke”
                             Pembicara: Dr. Bernie Endyarni, Sp.A (Univeritas
                             Indonesia)
             15.00 – 15.30   Presentasi IV
                             “Research on Water Quality at Kali Angke”
                             Pembicara: Dra. Noverita Dian Takarina, M.Sc (Universitas
                             Indonesia)
             15.30 – 16.00   Diskusi Panel
                             Moderator : Dr. Pramita, SpA(K)
             16.00 – 16.30   Penutupan (Dr.Ir Budiarso, M.Eng)
                             Rehat Kopi


                                                                                         4
JADUAL PROGRAM (LANJUTAN)
  Tanggal          Waktu                          Program

Kamis        08.00 – 09.00
                             Registrasi
12/02/2008
             09.00 – 09.15
                             Pembukaan
                             Prof. Hsu Mutsu/Project Coordination
                             Mc: Mario (Da Ai TV)
             09.15 – 09.30
                             Keynote
                             Minister of Social of The Republic Indonesia*
             09.30 - 10.30
                             “Overview of Angke River and Resettlement
                             Project”
                             Pembicara: Prof. Ru-sen Ho, Asst. Prof. Tzu Chi
                             University
                             Moderator: Teddy K. Gusti, MT
             10.30 – 10.45
                             Rehat Kopi
             10.45 - 11.05
                             Presentasi I
                             “Socio-Psychological Variables Relating Living In
                             Rusun Tzu Chi“
Bidang                       Pembicara: Prof. Dr. Sarlito W Sarwono
Sosial                       (Universitas Indonesia)
             11.05 - 11.25
                             Presentasi II
                             “Adapting in High Rise Building”
                             Pembicara: Eko A. Meinarno, S.Psi, M.Si
                             (Universitas Indonesia)
             11.25 – 11.45
                             Presentasi III
                             Pembicara: Prof. Dr. Adrianus Meiliala (Universitas
                             Indonesia)
                             “Deviant Behavior in Rusun Tzu Chi
             11.45 – 12.15
                             Diskusi Panel
                             Moderator: Fuad Gani, S.S, MA
             12:15 - 13.15
                             Makan Siang/ISHOMA
             13.15 - 14.15
                             Tour Keliling Rusun
                             Penanggung Jawab: Albert Ng dan Febianto S

             14.15 - 14.45
                             Presentasi IV
                             “Ethical Concern and Practices in Religious
                             Cooperation”
                             Pembicara: Prof. Lu Hwie-syin (Tzu Chi University)



                                                                                   5
14.45 - 15.30   Presentasi V
                “Effects of Educational Aid to Learning
                Performance: The case of Jakarta Tzu Chi school
                in Indonesia”
                Pembicara: Dr. Ho Yun-Chi, Shie Ruei-jin & Dwi
                Astuti, MSi. (Tzu Chi University)

                Presentasi VI
                “Children’s Growth and Changes: What happened
                after children studying in TC School?”
                Pembicara: Shie Ruei-jin (Tzu Chi University)
15.30 – 16.00
                Presentasi VII
                “Cross the Ethnic Border: Interethnic relations in
                Jakarta great love village and beyond”
                Pembicara: Prof. Hsu Mutsu, Rey-seng Ho, Asti
                Dwi, MSi., Ho Chao-wei (Tzu Chi University)
16.00 – 16.30
                Diskusi Panel
                Moderator : Tirta N Mursitama, Ph.D
16.30 – 17.00
                Penutupan (Bachtiar Alam. Ph.D dan Prof. Hsu
                Mutsu)
                Rehat Kopi




                                                                     6
    ABSTRAK

BIDANG KESEHATAN




                   7
Tuberculosis Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behaviors among Students at Love Village I
                      and Other Schools in West Jakarta

               Wanhua Annie Hsieh 1, Lih Ming Yiin 1, Sen-Fang Huang 2, Badriyah Siti 3,
            1
             Institute & department of public health, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan
                   2
                    Office of Physical Education, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan
                          3
                            Project Researcher, Indonesia Tzu Chi Foundation



Background: During the 2004-2005 period, a tuberculosis (TB) screening program involving the
medical team in the Tzu Chi Hospital, schools, village management office, and volunteers was held in
Great Love Village I. During the TB treatment, school teachers as drug observers gave medicine, free
milk and vitamin to TB infected students; whereas other schools in the same area did not receive any
TB treatment or promotion. To explore whether the previous school TB screen program was
effective in tuberculosis knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors between students at Great Love Village
I and in other schools in West Jakarta, we conducted this study.

Material and Methods: We completed questionnaires from 170 students from the Tzu-chi
elementary school, 153 students from the Tzu-chi Junior high school and 107 students from the Tzu-
chi vocational school as the study group. Each subgroup of the study group was matched with one
school at the same area with similar economic status, which were the Noon school, Public School
and RemaJa School with attending students being 188, 140 and 95, respectively. All students were
asked to complete questionnaires in their classroom with comprehensive directions. A Chi-square
test was applied to compare category data between each study and control subgroups.

Results: For elementary students, the Tzu-chi students had significantly higher results on “heard
about TB” (93.5% v.s. 60.1, p<0.001), and the information came from school teachers (60.8 v.s.
30.1%, p<0.001). About the TB symptoms, “cough with phlegm longer than two weeks” had the
highest correct answering rate (88.7% v.s. 67.6%, p=0.001, in elementary subgroup) but other
symptoms were not well understood by students from either group. Correct answering rate on
“through the air when a person with coughs or sneezes” was significantly higher in Tzu Chi school
group than the control group (for elementary, 84.8% v.s. 67.3%, p<0.001; for junior high school,
88.7% v.s. 75%, p=0.003). Their knowledge about TB mortality (for vocational, 72.9% v.s. 40.1%,
p<0.001), curability (63.0% v.s. 45.5% for junior, p=0.005) and no guarantee of TB recovery on
treatments (84.8% and 45.7%) was significantly different. The Tzu-Chi students apparently knew
more about TB treatment matters in many aspects, such as drug observers, the treatment duration,
occurrence of multi-drug resistant TB. In aspects of TB behaviors, the Tzu-Chi students knew more
about reduction of TB transmittance, such as not sleeping together, not spitting in public, etc.

Conclusion: In general, the Tzu-chi students had better knowledge, attitudes and behaviors of TB
than the students in the control group, but education was needed to improve their knowledge on
symptoms and treatments of TB. We will coordinate Da-Ai Hospital, Tzu-chi foundation, medical
profession and community leaders to implement a TB education program in community for
provoking their TB awareness.




                                                                                                  8
Tuberculosis Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behaviors among Community Residents at
                   Great Love Village I and II in West Jakarta

               Wanhua Annie Hsieh 1, Lih Ming Yiin 1, Sen-Fang Huang 2, Badriyah Siti 3,
            1
             Institute & department of public health, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan
                   2
                    Office of Physical Education, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan
                          3
                            Project Researcher, Indonesia Tzu Chi Foundation



Background: During the 2004-2005 period, a Tuberculosis (TB) screening program was held in the
Great Love Village I. The program involved the medical team in Tzu Chi Hospital, the schools, village
management office, and volunteers. The 223 and 155 TB cases were found in 2004 and 2005,
respectively. The screening program was not extended to Village II due to the limited resources. This
project was to explore with or without the previous community TB screen program effect on
tuberculosis knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs among community residents at the Great Love
Villages I and II in West Jakarta.

Methods: We conducted 400 (age 40.613.1) and 290 (age 37.111.1) questionnaires from
residents living in Villages I and II, respectively. Chi-square test was applied to compare category
data between these two groups. The questionnaire included personal data, use of medical
resources, knowledge of TB symptoms, cure and results, side effects of TB drugs, prevention
strategies for patients and healthy individuals, attitudes towards TB, and personal healthy behaviors.

Results: No statistical significance was found on education, income, or health service access status
between Village I and II. Village I had significantly higher results than Village II on “heard about TB”
(87.3% v.s. 76.6%), to which information attributed was from Tzu-Chi volunteers (26.4% v.s. 5.4%)
and from medical professors (39.8% v.s. 25.2%). Answering “TB caused by microorganism” was
21.2% and 10.8% in Village I and II (p<0.001), respectively; but answering “don’t know” was about
the same (40.4 v.s. 41.9 %). Low correct answering percentage about symptoms of TB: cough with
phlegm longer than two weeks (23% v.s. 22%), phlegm with blood (5.9% v.s 3.6%), cough with blood
(13.4% v.s. 13.8), appetite loss (10% v.s. 6.7%), and fever without clear cause more than one month
(8.5% v.s. 9.7), was not significantly different between the two villages. Residents of both villages
had the knowledge about TB mortality and curability, but there was a significant difference (p =
0.002) in knowing no guarantee of TB recovery on treatments (54.7% and 40.1%). Residents of
Village I apparently knew more about TB treatment matters, such as drug observers, the treatment
duration, occurrence of multi-drug resistant TB. In aspects of TB behaviors, residents of Village I
knew more about reduction of TB transmittance, such as not sleeping together, not spitting in
public, etc.

Conclusion: In general, the questionnaires showed that residents of Village I had better knowledge,
attitudes and behaviors for TB prevention than Village II, but education was needed to improve their
knowledge on symptoms and treatments of TB. We will coordinate Da-Ai Hospital, Tzu-chi
foundation, medical profession and community leaders to implement a TB education program in
community for provoking their TB awareness.




                                                                                                      9
         Structure of the Health Promotion Intervention of Anti-Tuberculosis
                                 at Great Love Village I

               Sen-Fang Huang1, Lih Ming Yiin 2, Wanhua Annie Hsieh2, Badriyah Siti 3,
                   1
            2
                    Office of Physical Education, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan
             Institute & department of public health, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan
                          3
                            Project Researcher, Indonesia Tzu Chi Foundation



In accordance with the content published on the WHO website in 2006, tuberculosis (TB) mortality
was ranked to be the second leading cause of death by the data in Indonesia in 2002. Preliminary
data have shown that prevalence of TB in west Jakarta, where the Great Love Village I locates, is
estimated to be 508 cases per 100,000-year, as compared to 59 cases per 100000-year and 104
cases per100000-year in Java and the whole Indonesia, respectively in the year of 2007. Moreover,
results derived from several focus group discussions indicated that TB was prioritized the first health
issue at the Great Love Village I. The subsequent pre-assessment also unveiled that some of health
knowledge, altitudes and behaviors in school students at Tzu Chi schools and residents at Great Love
Village I on the TB causes, prevention and treatments needed to be improved. Therefore, objectives
of a health promotion program on anti-TB had been designed, according to results of the preliminary
data review, focus group discussions and pre-assessment, and the action plans based on the health
promotion principles and strategies in five domains developed by WHO (building healthy public
policy, creating supportive environments, strengthening community actions, developing personal
skills, reorienting health services), will be implemented. An action team of anti-TB composed of the
staff, school teachers, hospital doctors, and volunteers from Indonesian Tzu Chi Foundation has
been organized and launched to take actions. Six sub-working units in the action team are organized
for developing and executing the respective specific action plans as well. Respective missions of sub-
working units are described as follow: Unit 1: to create partnership with governmental sectors; Unit
2: to design educational programs for school students and village residents; Unit 3: to design training
program for volunteers; Unit 4: to be responsible for case finding; Unit 5: to be responsible for
treatment program; Unit 6: to evaluate recovery rate. Gant chart is developed for confirming that all
intervention plans and activities will be executed following the schedule. Intervention program will
continue until the end of December 2009.




                                                                                                    10
                      Against Tuberculosis Tzu Chi Village in Indonesia

                         --The work frame of RSKB Cinta Kasih Tzu Chi team--
                                         Kurniawan Tjahajadi
                           Director of Tzu Chi Hospital in Jakarta, Indonesia




Context: Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in great love village 1 has not been adequately
studied. Objectives: To against the tuberculosis infection in great love village 1 using DOTS program.
Tools: Promotion, education and active case finding
Action: Great love village 1 was located at the west side of Jakarta in Indonesia and was built in year
2002. Great love village 1 was one of the implementation of Tzu Chi love. One of the health
problems in that village is tuberculosis disease. Every year we found a new case of tuberculosis
disease that came from the great love village 1. Of around 20 new cases of TB disease that came
from great love village 1 reported every year. In year 2007, we found 21 villagers that infected by M.
tuberculosis. This is a serious problem that could impact to their future life. Tuberculosis is an
infectious disease that caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. All countries in the world noticed at
the disease. It is important to find the suspicious patient in great love village in earliest stage which
hopefully could interrupt the chain of the transmission of this disease. In year 2008 until year 2009,
the Indonesia Tzu Chi Foundation has a program to against tuberculosis disease in great love village
1. Our main goal was to increase the awareness of the community and to eliminate the disease from
the village. The second goal was to support Indonesian government program on against tuberculosis
disease. The program has already started on September 2008. All of Tzu Chi components will involve
in this program, including Tzu Chi School, Great Love Management staff, DaAi TV staff and the
community. It comprises several activities, as follows:1. Making a partnership with local health
service department, 2. Education and promotion, 3. Training the volunteer and drug intake
supervisor, 4. Case finding and identification, 5.Treatment, 6. Follow-up the progress of the
treatment. Until now we had already done three activities, started from making a partnership until
training the volunteers and drug intake supervisors. On January 2009 we started to perform active
case finding. The small team will visit to the villager's house in the evening hours and the target was
10 houses per day. If we found the new case, the suspected patient will be referred to Indonesia Tzu
Chi Hospital for further assessment and treatment. The treatments will be supported by Indonesian
government. During the case finding and treatment, the education and promotion still continue until
the end of year 2009. We will make an intensive campaign around the villagers while we done the
active case findings among them. Conclusion: TB disease is still a serious problem in great love
village 1 that needs our concern to make a proper action to against that. Nevertheless, given good
case management, the villagers with TB can achieve excellent treatment outcomes.




                                                                                                      11
                         Health Promotion School in Tzu Chi Village

                                          Siti Badriyah, SKM
                                          Tzu Chi Unversity




Based on the incidence rate of TB in 2006 in Tzu Chi Village is 21 people among 3.500 people and our
knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) survey in June 2008 found that only 38.3% of village
people’s KAP is good. About 61,7 % of the community has poor knowledge on TB. That is why we are
doing an intervention program to improve their knowledge by implementing TB health promotion in
the village. This promotion program is also part of TB Control Program of Tzu Chi Indonesia
Foundation at Great Love Village I. We hope by the health promotion we could improve village
people knowledge.

The health promotion concept aims to empower the local leader to be health promoter in their
community. We empower them first through training. We gave them training with 3 times lectures
where two times lecture on TB and one lecture on communication. After that the local leader will
give promotion in the community under the supervision of health officer from the Tzu Chi
Foundation in every activity. There are 12 local leaders (13 man and 2 women) that will give
promotion. Most of them are religious leader. The training did in November 2008 mostly at night
times since during the day time they have to work.

The health promotion activity is integrated with the community regular activity. Since the majority of
the population religion is Muslim so most of the promotions activity is integrated with Islam teaching
group’s activity. Beside that it will be delivered through the Student Academic Report Event in
school while parents take their children’s report because most of parents in village have children
study in the school. So overall the activity that would be integrated with the TB promotion is 7
regular activities and 1 event through school. All those activities hopefully could reach all of people
in the community.

The promotion to community will be given from December-January 2009. Most of it will be done at
night because most of the village activity is night time. The promotion methods are through lecture
and discussion, watch movie that will last for 60 minutes with the support of LCD projector
equipment. Other tool kits to support the TB promotion program are through posters and calendar.
The calendar and poster are designed by TB media team and will be distribute to every household.




                                                                                                    12
                                TB Health Promotion in School

                                         Siti Badriyah, SKM
                                         Tzu Chi Unversity




Based on the baseline survey of student’s knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) survey in June
2008, we found that their KAP is still poor (less than 50%). That is why we plan to do an intervention
to improve their knowledge by implementing TB health promotion. This promotion program is part
of the TB Control Program of Tzu Chi Foundation Project in the Great Love Village I. We hope by this
method, we could improve students KAP to be 70 % correct.

The promotion strategies are through mass and intensive promotion. The mass promotion is carried
through Student Class Meeting event after the final exam in December 2008. The Tzu Chi school
student is divided in to 4 groups of students (2 groups for elementary school, 1 group for junior high
school, and 1 group for vocational school). The students are given a brief promotion about TB by
teacher that has been trained.

The intensive promotion is carried by two strategies. Those are through inserting TB information and
giving student a TB lecture. The inserting information will be given by teachers to students twice a
week. The teachers have been trained before. With the 15 topics on TB that has been design,
teacher will give them per week one topic and each topic will be repeated once. So all topic would
be delivered to students in 15 weeks or 4 months and 1 week. The topics on TB include what are TB,
how it is transmitted, its treatment and prevention. After teacher give insertion information, then
the student has to write the information in the TB family book that been provided in school and then
let their parent read and sign it. We give all insertion information from Pre School until vocational
school in Tzu Chi School. As the control for teacher, every teacher who has delivered the information
to student, he/she has to write the information also on the journal book provided in a classroom.
The insertion information will start from January-May (5 months)

The second method is through TB lecture. In this semester student will be given 3 times TB lesson by
the teacher. Two times for lesson and one times for homework/group work. The teachers who give
lecture are Moral teacher. In Pre School there is one teacher, in elementary school there are 7
teachers, in junior high school 2 teachers, and vocational school 2 teacher so for total teachers who
give TB lecture in Tzu Chi School are 12 teachers. These 12 teachers will be assisting to design and
develop TB material with a TB researcher of Tzu Chi Foundation.




                                                                                                   13
          The Evaluation of Health Behavior Practice in Relation of Diarrhea
                                     Incidence

                                    Astuti Yuni Nursasi, SKp.,MN
                              Faculty of Nursing , Universitas Indonesia



Kali Angke or Angke river is located at Kapuk Muara, West Jakarta. In 1960, it was a clear and see-
through river with 25 meters width, 12 meters deep, and had many kinds of fish such as gabus,
catfish, and betok. The river was surrounded by plant fields and ponds. However, in 1970, soil and
convection factory was built at Kapuk Muara. Many industries were established. These condition
invited many people came to Kapuk Muara. They live around the Angke river. By the end of 1980,
there were thousands of people live along the river bank. The water quality of Angke river became
worse since the construction of Cengkareng Floodway System and Cengkareng drain by the local
government. It caused the water flow from Angke river through Kapuk Muara stopped flowing. The
water turned black and dark. The width now is 10 meters and the deep is only 1 meter.
Facing this situation, The Tzu Chi foundation has big concern to make Angke river can function like it
was. After big flood in 2002, The Tzu Chi Indonesia established a Jakarta Flood Relief Program
through 5P, that are:
      Pengeringan (draining)
      Pembersihan (cleaning)
      Penyemprotan (fogging)
      Pengobatan (medical help)
      Perumahan (housing)


The Tzu Chi foundation and Jakarta government relocated residents of Kapuk Muara and Pejagalan
on July 2003. They were moved to The Great Love Village of Tzu Chi at Cengkareng. Many actions
had done to clean the Angke river. The Tzu Chi foundation built cooperation with the University of
Indonesia to conduct several researches which related to the river as well as the people that were
relocated. Several researches investigated the health behavior of people. These researches were
participated by Faculty of Nursing, Faculty of Dentistry, Dermatology and Venereology Department
Faculty of Medicine, and Parasitology Department Faculty of Medicine.
These researches used cross-sectional method by portrait the condition of people who live at the
Angke river bank and their health behavior. The number of sampling is 116 and the data collecting
used interview with structured questionnaire.
The research results show that the most of respondents are housewives, 95% of them have children
within range 3.32-3.94, and their salary below the regional minimal sewage. Although, most of the
respondents already practice the healthy behavior such as do not use water from the river for drink,
cooking, and washing the food (fruits and vegetables). However there are some respondents who
have not practiced the healthy behavior. They used the river as public toilet (6.9%); and as water
resources for washing clothes (3.4%) and shampooing (0.9%). It was also identified that 13.8% of
respondent sometimes do not wash their hand before eat and after finish bowel elimination (6.9%).
Moreover, 78% of respondents do nothing to keep the river clean, only 8.9% who take out the
garbage from the river. Therefore, the river looks black and a lot of trashes on it.
From the relationship between educational background level with the incidence and frequencies of
diarrhea, and the relationship between the lengths of stay at the river bank environment with the
incidence and frequencies of diarrhea, it is found that there is no relationship between healthy
behavior habits with the incidence and frequencies of diarrhea during 3 months. The relationship


                                                                                                   14
between educational background level with the incidence and frequencies of diarrhea, as well as the
length of stay, it does not show the relation either. However, the percentage of diarrhea incidence at
population with poor healthy behavior habits higher than diarrhea incidence at population with
good healthy behavior habits.

The most of respondents said that they did not get any diseases. It was identified only a few number
of respondents reported diarrhea, parasites, dermatitis etc. as common diseases. The public health
care center is the most preferable health care that had been visited by the respondents and only
10.6% respondents who did the alternative treatment when their family member got sick.
Parasitological examination in under-five years old children found that there were six species
parasites. They are Giardia lamblia, Blastocystis hominis, Entamoeba histolytica, Entamoeba coli,
Ascaris lumbricoides and Trichuris trichiura. The most prevalence parasite was Giardia lamblia and it
was the most frequent in children in 36 to 47 months. However, the result showed there was no
significant relationship between the incidence and frequencies of diarrhea. It might happen because
of the number of sample was minimal and the questionnaire was not explored adequately.

Another healthy behavior that found was most of subject (85%) brush their teeth using tooth paste
and all of them never used water from the river while they brush their teeth. However, nearly 90%
of the subjects used to take sweet food for snack. These habits caused several problems in the teeth
health status. They are caries, gingivitis and enamel hypoplasia. The caries prevalence of under-five
years old children at Kapuk Muara West Jakarta showed 88.7% with mean of decay 6.93. This
finding accordance with the fact that ECC is more likely found in the children whose parents from
low socio economic status, single parents, or parents with low level of education. This factor related
to the ability of the parents to served healthy and nutritional food for family (Hutington, et al.,
2000).

The contribution of socio economic status and mothers’ level of education to caries severity is not in
direct way. Knowledge, attitude and oral hygiene practice of mother is more important. Caries
severity is more likely influenced by oral hygiene habits. The important things of tooth brushing
activity is the ability to remove dental plaque which contains s. mutans (Thylstrup,A. and Fejerskov,
O., 1986).

There was statistical relationship between pH plaque and caries severity. The high status of pH
plaque caused the lower caries severity. In children with poor nutritional status, xerostomia can
cause low buffer capacity and the difficulties to find plaque in the saliva.
There was also found statistical relationship between daily refined carbohydrate consumption habits
and caries severity. The result related to how often the demineralization occurs. A simple exposure
of sucrose with good quality of frequency and length of contact is a risk factor of dental caries
(Nizel,AE, 1989: Cury JA cit Ribeiro, 2004; Pamela, 2003). Increasing of sugar consumption between
meal associated with increasing of carries severity (Moynihan, PJ, 2005). There was no relationship
between nutritional status and caries severity or caries occurrence.

The lack of mother’s knowledge to served nutritional food for the family contributes to the health
status and oral health status. It is found that there is significant relationship between pH plaque and
the occurrence of gingivitis. The prevalence of gingivitis was 40%. It is also explain that there is a
contribution of microorganism as a local irritant. This study also uncovered that there was
relationship between pH plaque and enamel hypoplasia. The prevalence of enamel hypoplasia was
36%. Enamel hypoplasia can also occur in several conditions such as systemic conditions, venereal
disease, hormonal imbalance, deficiency calcium, vitamin A, and D.
An investigation on the influence of healthy behavior on prevalence of dermatoses was also done.
The study showed that the majority of subjects were free from skin disease. However, there were


                                                                                                    15
several subjects who suffered from more than one dermatoses. The types of dermatoses include
miliaria, infections, insect bite hypersensitivity, pigmentary disorders, dermatitis, prurigo hebra,
trauma, alopecia areata. This study found correlation between skin infection and household income,
as well as parents’ educational background. It found that there was a tendency for skin infection
when the family using the water from the river for laundry, retiring, and recreation. However, it does
not possible to make any conclusion because the sample size was small. Interestingly, skin infection
was not observed in subjects with low frequency of changing clothes and sharing a bath towel.
Several factors influence the prevalence of skin infections, such as using soap for bathing, using
detergent for washing the towels, ironing the clothes and towels. Unfortunately, all of these factors
were not evaluated in this study.

In conclusion, most of subjects have already showed good practice of health behavior. However this
study proved the statistical significant hardly because the sample size was small. Therefore, there is
a need to conduct a qualitative research to dig out and explore the real condition and do further
quantitative research with appropriate sample size.




                                                                                                   16
  The Evalution of Developmental Status of Under Five Children Inhabited at Kali
       Angke Riverside Using Kuesioner Pra Skrinning Perkembangan (KPSP)

                                       Bernie Endyarni
              Growth Development – Community Pediatrics, Child Health Department
                          Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia



BACKGROUND
The unique character of children is the process of growth and development which are strongly
influenced by many factors including genetic and physicobiopsycosocial factors. A parameter to
measure child development in Indonesia is Kuesioner Pra Skrining Perkembangan (KPSP) which has
been implemented by Ministry of Health of Republic of Indonesia as children developmental
screening tool for community pediatric. The aim of this study is to recognize and find out the
developmental status of underfive children inhabited at Kali Angke river side area.

METHODS
We conducted a cross-sectional study for under five children inhabited at Kaliangke riverside in
2007. We used stratified random sampling, with 117 respondents. A full developmental screening
procedure using Kuesioner Pra Skrining Perkembangan (KPSP) is done for each child assisted by
child’s mother. Children were screened using the correct form of KPSP according their ages. Results
of developmental screening were then classified as consistent with developmental stage or possible
of developmental delay.

RESULTS
A total of 117 under five children assisted by their mothers completed a full developmental
screening procedure using Kuesioner Pra Skrining Perkembangan. The number of boys and girls
enrolled to this study is almost equal. About 31.6% of children at Kali Angke river side were possible
of having developmental delays. The areas of developmental delays of children varied in all four
major developmental aspects with language aspect had the lowest percentage.

CONCLUSION
There were about one third children inhabited at Kali Angke riverside had possibility of having
developmental delay based on Kuesioner Pra Skrining Perkembangan. Developmental stimulation
should be implemented continuously to all the children while those with possible developmental
delays should be assessed for further developmental status.




                                                                                                   17
                     Research on Water Quality at Kali Angke
   Senny Sunanisari, Yustiawati, Noverita Dian Takarina, Sunardi, Metta, Sinta Sari Wiria, Ari
Estuningtyas, Conny Riana Tjampakasari, Mardiastuti H. Wahid, Rizal Subahar, Lisawati Sutanto,
                                  Riani Widiarti, dan Yasman
                                     Universitas Indonesia




River is one important water resources that give many benefits for human society. Characteristics of
river reflect the environmental condition of the surrounding landscape. Water quality includes
physical, chemical, and biological constituents affecting a stream’s physical condition and chemical
constituents and the total of these characteristics may be accurately thought of as stream quality.
Kali Angke is one of complex river ecosystem in Jakarta. This river provides benefit for the people
surrounded such transportation, diffusion of wastes, fishing but in the other hand impact of these
activities have degraded river condition. Some approaches can be used to evaluate the water
quality.

This study evaluated the physical condition (pH, DO, temperature, conductivity, turbidity, and
suspended solids) at Kali Angke (Kembangan/Duri Kosambi, Pesing Poglar, Teluk Gong, Pantai Indah
Kapuk), and at estuary (four stations at the river mouth of Kali Angke). The pH value of Kali Angke
waters is between 7,13 – 8,25, dissolved oxygen (DO) between 0.4 - 15,4 mg/L, water temperatures
between 26,7- 30,2 oC, conductivity between 0,168 - 56,63 mS/cm, turbidity between 14,94 – 54,5
NTU, and TSS between 21,87 - 128,92 mg/L.

Based on heavy metal analysis using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer, it is shown that the
highest content of lead (Pb) and Cadmium (Cd) content in Angke River is on the left of river mouth as
much as 42.02 and 114.02 ug/L, respectively. For As and Hg, Duri Kosambi water has the highest
concentration with value of 16.27 and 0.0016 ug/L, respectively. Meanwhile, concentration of lead
(Pb) on the sediment range from 13,73 in Pantai Indah Kapuk and 56,10 µg/g dry wt (ppm) on the
right side of river-mouth. Sources of lead (Pb) usually are from leaded gasoline, smelting, paint, and
galvanizing, also electroplating factories. Cadmium (Cd) content in Angke river ranges from 8,92 µg/g
dry wt (ppm) in Pesing Poglar and 124,33 µg/g dry wt (ppm) in river-mouth. The concentration of
Arsenic (As) in sediments of Angke river and its estuary ranges from 3,55 - 134,28 µg/g dry wt.

The results from microbiological aspects showed that Escheria coli were found at all sampling
stations, where the lowest MPN Total Coliform is at Pantai Indah Kapuk and the outer side of river
mouth. From parasitological aspects, the study showed that the water of Kali Angke from
Kembangan/Duri Kosambi to the outer side of river mouth has been contaminated by human feces,
as Ascaris lumbricoides eggs were found in all sampling stations. Meanwhile, 13 (thirteen) species of
phytoplankton which had already categorized as Harmful Algal Bloom species were also observed,
dominated by Ceratium furca, Chaetoceros spp., and Skeletonema costatum.




                                                                                                   18
  ABSTRAK

BIDANG SOSIAL




                19
                                  Socio-Psychological Variables
                                 Relating Living in Rusun Tzu Chi

                                     Sarlito Wirawan Sarwono et al*
                                       Universitasity of Indonesia



Kapuk Muara was a slum, over populated and illegal settlement (kampong) along the bank of river
Angke at North Jakarta. Every year the kampong was flooded several times, nevertheless due to the
strategic location and easy access to the business and industrial centers, the population kept
growing with new migrants, instead of diminishing.
In 2002, after the big flood of Jakarta, the municipal government of Jakarta decided to clear the
Angke river bank in its effort to minimize the impact of the chronic flood in Jakarta. The whole
population was then moved by the government to a new high rise housing (rumah susun or Rusun), a
few kilometers away, which has been build by a social foundation run by a Buddhist community
called the Tzu Chi foundation.
This study is a descriptive, interdisciplinary investigation on the social-psychological adaptation
process of a community after being coerced to move to their new resettlement. There are some
significant environmental and social differences between the old and the new settlements, which
make the resettlement is very unique to be studied.
Environmentally, the old kampong was watery (surrounded by water, always wet), dirty, dense, no
open space (for children to play etc), no public facilities. On the other hand, it is located near the
industrial and business area of North Jakarta (Teluk Gong area), where it is relatively easy for the
people to earn their income by doing various informal or petty jobs. Whereas the Rusun is very well
designed and maintained (by the management), very clean, with much open space and public
facilities, including schools, public clinics (at a very minimum to free of charge for the inhabitants of
Rusun), tap water and mosques. Yet the Rusun is relatively far from business centers, so that those
who would like to work have to pay some money for the public transportation.
Socially, in the old kampong there is relatively no rules for the people, whereas in the Rusun there
are some rules, such as they have to put rubbish only in litter boxes, they are not allowed to do their
petty business (food stalls, petty shops etc) outside the allocated areas, etc. There is some very small
amount of money they have to pay for the maintenance of the Rusun (which is perceived by the
people as rental payment that they are not used in the kampong). The people in the Rusun have also
to deal every day with the management, who are mostly non-Moslem (Buddhists), which also new to
them, considering their traditional and conservative Moslem way of life in their old kampong.
Raw data of this study were collected through qualitative and quantitative method. Qualitatively
some techniques were employed such as participatory observation, depth interviews and focus
group discussion. Quantitatively we used survey techniques and statistical analysis. Some secondary
data were also collected.
Some results of this study are quite interesting. In general the respondents feel much better in their
new settlement, since their present environment is much better and healthier than their old
settlement. They also enjoy the public facilities, particularly the low cost (but high physical and

*
  Prof. Dr. Sarlito W. Sarwono (psychology), Prof. Drs. Adrianus Meliala, MSi. MSc. Ph.D (criminology), Drs.
Bambang Widianto, M.Si. ME (anthropology), Harsanto, S.H., M.H (law), Dra. Sri Murni, M.Kes (social
welfare), Johanes Herlijanto, SS. M.Si (sinology), Eko A. Meinarno, SPsi. M.Si (anthropological psychology),
Idhamsyah, SFil. M.Si (philosophy), Ringking M. Korah, S.Psi. MPsiT (psychometrics).


                                                                                                         20
service quality) of school and clinics. On the other hand, they are complaining about the monthly
retribution, which they perceived as monthly rental. They perceived themselves as the victim of
government’s penggusuran (forced to move) policy, not as people who are rescued from the flood
and given a better settlement. Therefore they couldn’t understand why they have to pay monthly
rental. They even expect that the government should provide them with monthly financial support,
since they have lost their jobs since being moved to the Rusun.
Another interesting finding is that being treated well by the management and given full freedom to
exercise their Moslem faith (including provided mosque), the respondents have a very tolerant
attitude toward non-Moslem. This tolerance makes them different from their neighbors living in a
neighboring Rusun provided by the government (mostly traditional and conventional Moslems), and
makes the inter-group relation with the inhabitants of neighboring Rusun is not so good.




                                                                                               21
                                  Adapt in High Rise Building

                                         Eko A Meinarno
                                       Universitas Indonesia




Changing happens in every aspect of human’s life, and one of it is settlement pattern. Space
limitation has impact on costly buildings. Citizen especially in Jakarta must be ready to life in flat
houses that has different system then use to be. The issue that has arisen is citizen adaptation
physically and socially into the new environments. It has been observed many obstacles, but the
most prominent is social problem specifically economy. This essay is based on data from UI-Tzu Chi
research and literature researchers.

Key Word: flat house, landlord, Tzu Chi Organization, physical adaptation, social adaptation, poverty,
culture




                                                                                                   22
                              Deviant Behavior in Rusun Tzu Chi

           Adrianus Meliala, Herlina Permata Sari, Asep Adisaputra, Yogo Tri Hendiarto
                                      Universitas Indonesia




This presentation first explores the concept of deviant behavior and t how far it is different from
offence as well as criminal behavior. Deviance usually needs context and may be indeed limited to
that context. However, deviant behavior may also be seen as preliminary step prior developing to
more serious situation.

Later, the researcher explores the dynamic of deviant behavior that prevails in Rusun Tzu Chi and
how this community understands that. Interesting situation is expected as people who live there
may or may not have similar perception on deviant behavior as outsider’s. More than that, insiders
even do not acknowledge the fact that certain kinds of deviant behavior would have grown to be a
more serious and advance level.

This may explain why a community seems protecting criminals living in their own neighborhoods
and, at the same time, rejecting the presence of law and at the same time, keeps continuing the
same behavior from time to time. It will be found out whether or not the Tzu Chi community has
similar tendency. This presentation will do its best to find cases which is or once practised by the
member of community.

Police data will be sought to find out profile of deviant behavior as understood by local police. Police
data will also be referred to find out information on pattern of offence or criminality resulted from
people living in Rusun Tzu Chi.




                                                                                                     23
                  Ethical Concern and Practices in Religious Cooperation

                                           Prof. Lu Hui-hsin
                                          Tzu Chi University




The research targets at the residents of Great Love Village I and II, which were both constructed in
Jakarta by Tzu Chi Foundation (Tzu Chi), and the teachers and students in Nurul Iman Islamic
Boarding School, which has received aids from Tzu Chi. We explore how Muslims accept the
assistance from Buddhist Tzu Chi, whether their religious life and faith have changed as a result of
contact with Tzu Chi, and how they perceive Tzu Chi’s helping task. The project is also interested in
understanding how the Indonesian Muslims are confronted with disaster and poverty and what faith
they hold when helping others, in comparison with Tzu Chi volunteers. We intend to examine how
believers perceive sufferings and overcome them in time of trials and difficulties from the viewpoint
of the two major religions (Buddhism and Islam) during international disaster relief. Furthermore, we
deliberate what inter-religious dialogues have been undertaken in face of sufferings and how the
dialogues relate to the overall concerns of religion and global ethics throughout the world.

During the past two years, we went three field research trips and interviewed about forty people,
including majority Muslims and others Chinese Tzu Chi volunteers. We also participated and
observed Tzu Chi volunteers’ activities. We find that in the eyes of flood victims moved from the
Angke river, Tzu Chi plays as a charity organization cooperating with the Indonesian government in
disaster relief and house building, rather than changing the religious life and beliefs of residents. In
the beginning, victims worried that they would be forced to convert to Buddhism. Later, they
learned that a Moshulla (praying room) was established in the Great Love Village, and that in the
Elementary and Secondary schools set up by Tzu Chi, female teachers were allowed to wear
headscarves and Islamic education courses continued to be offered, they were relieved from
wariness. Tzu Chi volunteers and the residents mutually respect each other’s religious belief in their
interactions. Tzu Chi volunteers do not preach but instead they promote Master Cheng Yen’s
teaching of “Still Thoughts Words” (Jing Si Aphorisms). Residents, religious teachers and the principal
of Nurul Iman Islamic Boarding School interviewed identified Jing Si Aphorisms as moral education
and practical guidance of conduct. They considerd values of Tzu Chi as similar to Islamic creed, such
as helping others, maintaining peace, and respect other religions. Many people from both Great
Love Villages and Nurul Iman Islamic School joined Tzu Chi volunteer activities. These Muslim
volunteers expressed that by working with Tzu Chi, they had a better and steadier understanding of
their own belief. Tzu Chi also provided them with opportunity of enhancing their self-dignity and
bringing out their virtuous potentials. This study represents a practical co-operation model of inter-
religious dialogues, which is based on ethical concerns and practices commonly shared by the two
religions when confronting human sufferings.




                                                                                                     24
   The Effects of Educational Aid to Learning Performance among Disadvantaged
             Students: The Case of Jakarta Tzu Chi School in Indonesia

                          Ho Yun-Chi1 Hsu Mutsu2 Shie Rei-Guin3 Asti Dwi4
              1
               Assisstant professor, Graduate Institute of Education, Tzu Chi University
                2
                  Professor, Department of Human Development, Tzu Chi University
                                     3
                                       Elementary School Teacher
                         4
                           Project Researcher, Indonesia Tzu Chi Foundation




Education is a powerful way to eliminate poverty and resist inferiority, and also a radical way to
make a country powerful. The educational report of the World Bank suggested the NPO to focus
their educational aid on providing access to, creating equity, promoting educational quality, and
increasing educational resources. The educational aid program enhanced by Indonesia Tzu Chi
Foundation on the Angke River Relocate Project adequately responded this recommendation. In this
report the authors intend to evaluate the effects of this educational aid program with a set of data
based on the fieldwork we conducted between 2006 and 2008, the interviews and observations of
students, teachers, parents and volunteers, plus the related documents. Accordingly we found that:
the Jarkata Tzu Chi School does provide a better environment for students’ learning and good quality
of teaching so as to improve students’ learning performance and provide a better quality of
competence for future employment. Given that the effects of education investment is hard to come
into view in a short time, the educational aid of Indonesia Tzu Chi Foundation indeed has satisfied to
some extend the students’ needs of “knowing and self-actualization” and the feeling of hope. By
expanding more secure guarantee and educational opportunity, those disadvantaged students
moving from the Angke River Bank to Great Love Village I for the first time have the chance to make
a dream of their future. Indonesia Tzu Chi Foundation has played a key role as a well functioned
NPO, not only preserving teenager’s education rights, but providing a good opportunity to the
disadvantaged students and in the time strengthening their educational competency.




Key Words: Indonesian Tzu Chi Foundation, educational aid, disadvantaged students, learning
           performance, Non-Profit Organizations




                                                                                                   25
       Children's Growth and Changes: What happened after children studying
                                          in TC School?

                                          Jui-Chun Hsieh
                                         Tzu Chi University




Education involves much of the future of a country. It is also a hope project for individual’s
intelligence. Some NGOs have already discovered that investing in education is investing in the
future and the power of a nation. Education will help the receivers to be truly self-independent.

The Jakarta Tzu Chi School in Indonesia, included in the Angke River Restoration Project, is operated
by Buddhist Tzu Chi Foundation Indonesia Branch and is a special case among all the schools
reconstructed by Tzu Chi Foundation.

The participants of this study is students of the Jakarta Tzu Chi School in Indonesia. The main
purposes of this study includes: to explore the impact of the educational aid project on the Jakarta
Tzu Chi School students.

The author interviewed 6 Indonesia Tzu Chi volunteers, 15 teachers, 31 students, and their parents
and worked in the field to get the first-hand information. The result is analyzed and the main finding
is summed up as follows:the educational aid project has brought change and hope to the students.
The school offers equal educational opportunity and makes students cultivated. They are
anticipated to have the chance to create their own life and then do good for the society and benefit
others in the future.

Based on the above finding, the author had two dimensions of suggestions. The first is about the
Jakarta Tzu Chi School; the second is for Buddhist Tzu Chi Foundation Indonesia Branch:
1. The Jakarta Tzu Chi School in Indonesia should make good use of patients to increase the
   efficiency of school management. It should also set up archives of teaching materials and establish
   internet access to ensure teachers sufficient teaching resources. Historical records of the school
   should be kept, too.
2. Buddhist Tzu Chi Foundation Indonesia Branch should work out vocational training projects to
   enable teachers to identify with the Tzu Chi philosophy and to promote the teaching quality.
   Besides, the Office of Tzu Chi Humanities should be formed to manage present volunteer
   resources.

Key words : Educational aid, Buddhist Compassion Relief Tzu Chi Foundation, The Jakarta Tzu Chi
            School in Indonesia




                                                                                                   26
                     Interethnic Relations in Jakarta Great Love Village

                                   Mutsu Hsu, Asti Dwi, Chao-wei Ho
                                          Tzu Chi University




To explore how the relocation program moving from the Angke River to Great Love Village, we
adopted both quantitative and qualitative methods to more than 100 residents from 2006 to 2008.
It was found that (1) the villagers demonstrated rather positive stereotypes toward Chinese. The top
ten highest frequencies given by the interviewees are (1) eager to progress, (2) hard working. (3)
intelligent, (4) neat, (5) strong family bond, (6) honest, (7) polite, (8) compassion and love to give, (9)
suspicious, (10) trustworthy, (11) good heart, (12) orderly, and (13) friendly. All traits but suspicious
are positive terms attributing to Chinese. The comparisons of residents’ evaluation toward selves
and Chinese indicated significant differences, with self-evaluation better than that of Chinese,
illustrating strong self-identity. Yet, the stereotype scores toward the Chinese reported by the
residents are quite positive in average, which shows their good impression of Chinese. Regarding
the interethnic interactions, about 30% residents have interacted with Chinese quite often or
always, even though relatively fewer interactions were given to commercial and financial relations.
These results testified to the fact that the interethnic relations between the residents and Chinese
are not as intense as the interethnic history may have suggested. To enhance better relations, we
recommend more interactions with the youngsters as they demonstrated more distance with the
Chinese as they have to work off the village such that have fewer chance to interact with the
Chinese.




                                                                                                        27
KEPANITIAAN


Penanggung Jawab             :   Bachtiar Alam, Ph.D
                                 Hong Tjhin
Panitia Pengarah             :   Prof. Dr. Sarlito W Sarwono
                                 Prof. Dr. dr. Aisah, SpKK(K)
                                 Prof. Adrianus Meliala, Ph.D
                                 Prof. Hsu Mutshu
                                 Dr. Ir. Budiarso, M.Eng
Panitia Pelaksana
Ketua                        :   Tirta Nugraha Mursitama, Ph.D
Wakil Ketua                  :   Dwi Astuti, M.Si
                                 Dr. Yin Liming
                                 Dr. Yoki Yulizar M.Sc
1. Sekretaris/Registrasi     :   Rr.Tutik Sri Hariyati SKp., MARS
                                 Cucu Sukaesih
                                 Wanti Wulandari, S.Si
                                 Novena Damar Asri, S.Si
                                 Ns. Dina Wulandari, S.Kp
                                 Ns. Dwi Dharmaningsih, S.Kp
                                 Vera Andriyani, SKM
2. Sponsor/Bendahara         :   Ir. Abdul Muis
    /Konsumsi                    A. Utomo
                                 A.A. Ayu Ratna Dewi, SE., M.Si.,Ak.
                                 Almira Gitta, S.Hum
                                 Ibnu Andika, Amd
                                 Afni Felia Adya, Amd
3. Acara/Persidangan         :   Dra. Fatma Lestari, Ph.D.
                                 Fuad Gani, MA
                                 Siti Badriyah, SKM
                                 Ir. Tawang Sotya Djati
                                 Like Hermansyah
                                 Suharti, Amd
                                 Martina Lenora L
                                 Indah Ayu Permata Sary, SKM
                                 Lenny Maykel Mulyawati, SKM
4. Akomodasi                 :   Hartono
                                 Suryana
                                 Sudarmadji, M.Si

5. Publikasi & Dokumentasi   :   Adi Prasetio
                                 Anand
                                 Ahmad Nizami, S.Si
6. Transportasi &            :   Sudarmadjii, M.Si
   Perlengkapan                  Ir. Teddy Kurniawan Gusti, MT
                                 Muklis Sutarmi, S.Pd
                                 Yusuf


                                                                       28
          PETA RUMAH SUSUN CINTA KASIH 1 (TZU CHI)

           Tol Bandara                          Arah Jakarta
                                                                               Pantai Indah
                              Keluar pintu tol Kamal
                                                                                  Kapuk

            Kamal                                      Jl. Kapuk Raya




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                                  ng
                                  Ri
                                     ng

                                      Ro d
                                        Ro
                                                                  Rusun




                                        ad
                                           a
                                                               Cinta Kasih I


                                                          Carefour



                                                                 Ramayana

                              Kalideres

                  Tangerang                              Daan Mogot                Grogol



Peta Rumah
Susun Cinta Kasih I




                                                                                              29

				
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