Spring 2004 Volume VIII, No. 3
A Newsletter for Alumni and Friends
JOHN HUGHES, A Champion for Immigrant Catholics
By Fr. Albert Ledoux, Assistant Professor of Church History
orn in County
Tyrone, Ireland in
1797, and an
immigrant to this country in
1817, John Hughes would
distinguish himself as arguably
the most famous Mount
seminary alumnus of the 19th
Arriving in Baltimore, John immediately
obtained work as an agricultural laborer.
Two years later he applied for a gardener’s
position at Mount St. Mary’s. In spite of the
humble title, John’s mode of employment
was actually quite important. Since the
Mount had to raise all the food necessary to
sustain a school community of at least 150
persons, the man chosen to oversee the
agricultural workers needed to be honest
Hughes, for his part, saw his hiring as but a
step toward obtaining a larger prize. He
wished to study for the priesthood. Since
he was completely lacking in the requisite
classical learning, however, Hughes was told
by Fr. John DuBois to content himself with
his lot in life. Undeterred by the founder’s
multiple refusals, Hughes approached
Mother Elizabeth Ann Seton to beg her
friendly intercession. Only after DuBois the Holy See. He was actively considered In 1850, when Rome raised New York to
heard the request from his saintly neighbor to head the Diocese of Cincinnati in the rank of an archdiocese, Hughes, who
did he relent. 1833, before being named coadjutor had already been bishop in his own right for
bishop of New York in 1838. The then- eight years, likewise rose in rank and became
John Hughes would be allowed to take up bishop of New York, the sickly John an archbishop. When war broke the Union
his studies, but given his insufﬁcient prior DuBois, had submitted his own short list asunder in 1861, Archbishop Hughes
training, would have to sit in class with boys of possible candidates, and Rome named consented to being sent to Europe to plead
half his age. Hughes proved all doubters his old student to administer the diocese the cause of the Federal government. He
wrong, however, and was able to acquire in during what would be the last four years argued principally at the court of France
seven years the learning that other men of DuBois’ life. against a European intervention that, had it
needed 10 or 12 years to master. His chief occurred, would have formalized the split of
teacher was Fr. Simon Bruté, his elder by 18 Retaining his taste for controversy, Hughes the Republic into two antagonistic nations.
years, and a man for whom Hughes would would distinguish himself in the early 1840s
cherish a ﬁlial love for the rest of his life. as a vocal advocate for the equitable A year after his return to the United States,
When Fr. DuBois left Emmitsburg bound distribution of educational tax monies he was prevailed upon to help calm
for Baltimore and his Episcopal consecration among all schools, public as well as private. horrendous draft riots that had set portions
in October of 1826, John Hughes While his efforts netted no public funds for of New York City ablaze. From the balcony
accompanied him in the same coach. A parochial schools, they did contribute to of the archiepiscopal residence he pleaded
second vehicle was to take him to making the public school education in New with the largely-Irish crowd to obey the
Philadelphia where he was ordained to the York City less sectarian and more neutral to conscription laws, which, after all, had not
priesthood on the 15th of the same month. Catholicism than had heretofore been the been intended by the Congress as
case. When anti-Catholic mobs sacked and discriminatory against any one ethnic group.
Church life was anything but easy in the burned Irish neighborhoods and churches in This speech in mid-July of 1863 would
City of Brotherly Love. Lay trustees who Philadelphia in 1844, Hughes contributed prove to be his last public discourse.
administered parish properties and paid the in his own way to maintaining the peace in
bills had been in outright rebellion against New York by boasting that he had Already in declining health, the grand old
the bishop in one parish or another for the thousands of armed Irishmen at the ready— man would pass from this world on the
better part of four decades. Hughes threw poised to repel any attack. third day of the New Year 1864. The untold
his substantial energies into defending his thousands of immigrant Catholics, on
bishop, the aged Henry Conwell, against During Hughes’ tenure, Catholic numbers whose behalf he had waged a nearly 40-year
those who sought to usurp the latter’s lawful in New York swelled with the arrival of battle for respect, regretted his loss.
prerogatives. He also began to distinguish hundreds of thousands of famine-stricken
himself as a pugnacious polemicist whenever Irish. Perpetually lacking in monies and
the good name of the Catholic Church was personnel, he was however already planning
under attack. for the future. In 1839 he acquired land on
which Fordham University would be built.
In fact, while he was still in seminary, he At his instigation, the Religious of the
had authored a 57-page tract in defense of Sacred Heart came from France and
the Church. In Philadelphia he willingly founded their own school at Manhattanville.
engaged in vigorous debates, both in print
WHEN FR. DUBOIS LEFT EMMITSBURG BOUND FOR BALTIMORE AND HIS EPISCOPAL
CONSECRATION IN O CTOBER OF 1826, J OHN H UGHES , pictured here, ACCOMPANIED
HIM IN THE SAME COACH . A SECOND VEHICLE WAS TO TAKE HIM TO PHILADELPHIA
WHERE HE WAS ORDAINED TO THE PRIESTHOOD ON THE 15 TH OF THE SAME MONTH .
and in person, with various anti-Catholic Parishes were founded all over the state. In
luminaries of the time. His utter lack of 1858, he laid the cornerstone for the
reluctance to jump into the fray brought present-day St. Patrick’s Cathedral.
him to the attention of people all over the
country, and ultimately to the attention of
The ethnic diversity of the Mount St.
Ethnic Diversity Mary’s Seminary student body (25
percent) closely matches that of
a Hallmark of the Seminary seminarians in the United States. The
Mount celebrates this diversity with
liturgies and social gatherings on
particular feasts associated with the
countries of origin of our seminarians.
These photos show some of the
celebrations at the Mount this year.
Vietnamese Sisters with Fr. Abraham Ha, seminary alumnus, Diocese of Allentown, and Deacon Augustine Fr. Salvatore Lamendola, seminary director of ﬁeld
Tran diocese of Arlington, at seminary celebration of Vietnamese martyrs on November 24, 2003. education, with Baltimore seminarian Jhun Abila at
seminary celebration on the feast of St. Lorenzo
Ruiz, the ﬁrst Filipino saint on September 28, 2003
Above: Seminarian Josue Vargas (Diocese of
Rockford) right with Mariachi musicians during
seminary’s Mexican ﬁesta on the feast of Our Lady of
Far Right: Most Reverend Francisco Gonzalez,
Auxiliary Bishop of Washington, preaches homily at
seminary Spanish Mass on December 12, 2003, the
feast of Our Lady of Guadalupe.
Right: Mount seminarians and Indian guests at
seminary celebration of Mother Teresa’s beatiﬁcation
on October 19, 2003.
Seminarians Invited to
“Retreat to a Quiet Place”
By Deacon Daniel E. White, Diocese of Burlington
In St. Mark’s Gospel, Jesus invited His priests accompanied the seminarians and Father Peter Giroux, Guardian of the
disciples to “come away, by yourselves to a offered daily direction in individual Franciscans of the Primitive Observance in
quiet place, and rest a while.” (Mark 6:31) meetings based on the Spiritual Exercises of Emmitsburg, Md.
In January, this invitation was again St. Ignatius. The goal of the retreat was to
extended to the Mount St. Mary’s Seminary provide a secluded setting for the The style of the retreat was also different
community as the spring semester began seminarians to receive private direction as from usual seminary retreats. Individual
with a retreat January 12-16. This year, a they prepare for priestly ordination this conferences were provided each day, along
new opportunity was extended to the men spring. with numerous hour-long blocks of private
in fourth theology. prayer. By going through the Spiritual
The Code of Canon Law speciﬁes that all Exercises of St. Ignatius individually, each
who are to be promoted to any order must seminarian was able to follow the pace of
make a retreat for at least ﬁve days. While the Holy Spirit through the speciﬁc themes.
the annual retreat at the seminary in January By being attentive to the promptings of the
fulﬁlls this prescription, it had long been the Holy Spirit, it became a customized retreat
desire of Seminary Rector, Fr. Kevin for each man. In addition to the private
Rhoades, to have the fourth theology men prayer and individual conferences, the
make their retreat at another site, but the seminarians gathered for Mass, Morning
cost had always been prohibitive. This new Prayer and Evening Prayer.
opportunity was made available to the
Mount through the generosity of the estate Being in a new location for the week was
of Pearl F. McKinney. considered a real blessing by the men.
Deacon Wesley Schawe of the Diocese of
Dodge City said “Being in a setting outside
“For years I have wanted our fourth- the seminary helped me to enter into, not
year men—our deacons—to only the silence, but the entire spirit of the
retreat. The setting provided all of us the
experience individually directed space, and quiet atmosphere for it to be a
retreats off-campus. Our conference- fruitful retreat. I hope that it is the ﬁrst of
Retreat Directors (left to right): Rev. Peter Giroux, FPO;
Rev. Leo McKernan (Diocese of Scranton); Rev. Gerard style house retreats are excellent, yet I many experiences for Mount seminarians.”
Francik (Archdiocese of Baltimore); Rev. Msgr. John Essef think the Ignatian-style directed It is the seminary’s hope that other
(Diocese of Scranton).
retreats are particularly beneﬁcial benefactors will make it possible to continue
before ordination. I am grateful for this off-campus retreat program for years to
While Father Janusz Ihnatowicz (professor the benefactors who have made this
emeritus of the University of St. Thomas in possible,” said Fr. Rhoades.
Houston, Texas), led the annual retreat at
the Mount for the men in pre-theology
through third theology, the fourth theology The four directors included Monsignor
class traveled to Loyola Retreat House in John Essef and Father Leo McKernan,
Faulkner, Md., for a silent and directed both of the Diocese of Scranton; Father
retreat. The retreat house is located in Jerry Francik, former Campus Chaplain at
southern Maryland along the shores of the the Mount and now Director of Vocations
Potomac River in a quiet, rural setting. Four for the Archdiocese of Baltimore; and
Priests for the Future:
Leaving Your Legacy
Mount St. Mary’s Seminary has been the recipient of bequests—both large and
small—from many alumni and friends over the years. These donors felt they We invite you to call us or cut this out
needed their capital during their lifetimes, but found it possible to make a gift and return to the address below for a
that would forever associate them with Mount St. Mary’s Seminary. These complimentary copy of one or both of the
booklets listed below.
bequests, no matter how modest, have been welcomed. They have provided an
important source of support to help educate the next generation of priests.
WHY HAVE A WILL?
More than 50 percent of adults die intestate or without a valid will. Sadly, their procrastination ADDRESS
may have signiﬁcant effects on their heirs. If you don’t have a will, the state will distribute your
assets for you. Depending on your state, your spouse may receive only a percentage of the
estate. Seldom will distributions coincide with the true intentions of the decedent.
BY CREATING A WILL, YOU’LL BE ABLE TO: HOME PHONE
• Specify how your assets are to be distributed and provide for your family, relatives and
• Choose the executor you want to oversee the distribution of your assets.
• Avoid unnecessary expenses and delay in administering your estate.
• Use some estate planning techniques to save considerable estate taxes. EMAIL ADDRESS
• Give to charitable causes, thus leaving a legacy that reﬂects the values you held during
Please send me a complimentary copy of
You should consult your attorney about the applicability to your own situation of the legal your new booklets
principles contained herein. For additional information about estate planning, contact Sherry
Trocino, Director of Seminary Development 301-447-5017 or email email@example.com. I Your Guide to a Better Will
I Estate Planning Strategies
I I am pleased to inform you that I have
included Mount St. Mary’s in my estate
plans, either through a bequest, gift
annuity, life insurance, or other method.
Please call me with additional information.
Best time to call is: ___________________
Return to: Sherry Trocino, Mount St. Mary’s
Seminary, Emmitsburg, Maryland 21727.
Celebrating and Witnessing
the Gospel of Life
By Deacon Jack Harrington, Diocese of Fall River
The Mount’s faculty and seminarians pulpit at several thousand students in the and be pro-life in tough situations by loving
traveled to Washington D.C. on January 22 arena and several hundred seminarians God, loving ourselves and loving our
to march alongside thousands in the standing together on the main ﬂoor below neighbor,” he said. “If we do this, then we
annual March for Life. Prior to the march, him, his ﬁrst words were, “All I can say is are being pro-life, not by what we say but
at the invitation of Cardinal Theodore Wow.” Recognizing the 700-plus by what we do”
McCarrick, the archbishop of seminarians, he remarked: “And they say no
Washington, D.C., the seminary one is studying for the priesthood. Next Mount seminarian Rick Chenault, pre-
community joined seminarians from year will be even bigger.” He then theologian of the Diocese of Birmingham,
across the United States and thousands of introduced all the cardinals and bishops said the Rally for Life & Youth Mass was a
young people for the “Rally for Life & present, including William Cardinal Keeler “great opportunity for the youth to be with
Youth Mass 2004,” held at the MCI of Baltimore, and newly appointed Cardinal each other, and for all the seminarians
Center in downtown Washington, D.C. Justin Rigali of Philadelphia. present to experience a real sense of
solidarity. It was a moving experience.”
The hour-long life rally preceded Mass and Fr. Robert Panke, director of vocations for Dennis Schuelkens, second-theology from
featured speakers and Christian rock the Archdiocese of Washington, D.C., the Wheeling-Charleston Diocese, was
musicians whose inspirational words and began his dynamic homily inviting everyone impressed with “the visual diversity of all
music exhorted the student-ﬁlled MCI to repeat after him three times as loud as those present. There was a strong sense of
Center to choose Christ, the Way, the Truth they could the words, “I am a child of the universal Church present at the rally
and the Life. The sound of music and God.” He then told the students that they and Mass.”
singing ﬁlled the arena as students joined are not the future of the Church, but they
their favorite Christian rock performers in are the Church now. After thanking those who participated in
singing praise to God. As the time for Mass the liturgy, and those who made the Rally
approached, a long line of bishops, priests, Fr. Panke shared an anecdote about an for Life & Youth Mass possible, Cardinal
deacons, servers and lectors, including embarrassing event in his life that had a McCarrick invited any young person who
religious women and youth, processed onto positive outcome because he followed his felt called to priesthood or religious life to
the main ﬂoor of the arena singing instincts by doing the right thing in the eyes stand up. He then commended the courage
“Sometimes by Step,” by Rich Mullins and of God. “All of us can do the right thing of the many students who stood up and
Beaker. exhorted them to pursue their vocation
Other local and visiting cardinals, bishops,
rectors and priest concelebrants at the main Clockwise from left: Seminarians at annual March
altar joined Cardinal McCarrick, the main for Life. (l. to r.) Omar Loggiodice, Josue Vargas,
celebrant, on stage. Looking out from the Leonse Sanchez, Clemente Hernandez; Youth Mass
for Life at MCI Center, Washington, D.C., on
June 22, 2004.
Human Formation Workshop
Focuses on Addictive Disorders
By John L. Lavorgna, Second Theology, Archdiocese of Hartford
Within the overall process of educating and the old, in marriage preparation or helping To bolster this point, the seminarians also
training seminarians, the human formation someone with an annulment, with daily heard the ﬁrst-hand account of an active
workshops at the Mount strive to bring communicants or those you seldom see in priest who is a recovering alcoholic.
talented and expert speakers to campus to church, sometimes with your brother
address important areas of personal and priests. Anyone who wants to be a parish The conferences left a lasting impression on
pastoral development that sometimes extend priest better know something about the participants. “This topic is extremely
beyond the bounds of the ofﬁcial addiction and its treatment.” relevant to our future ministry,” asserted
curriculum. Tony Killian, second pre-theology from the
Morton often referred to his strong Catholic Diocese of Arlington. “We have to be
Within that context, the seminary upbringing and his extensive interaction prepared to deal with parishioners who
community welcomed Michael P. Morton, a with priests and the religious throughout his come to us for guidance, or even our
licensed counselor and therapist, currently life, to let the seminarians realize that relatives and brother priests—it is critical
serving as the education director of Guest alcoholism and addictive behaviors are real that we have good answers and advice for
House, a national inpatient facility and dangerous possibilities—even in a life of them.”
dedicated to caring for Catholic clergy and strong faith and devotion.
religious who are suffering alcoholism,
chemical dependency, and other addictions.
“The addiction can seem to take your
Morton presented a two-day series of soul,” explained Morton, “and be a
conferences in late January that addressed
the problem, effects, prevention and
way to cope with major problems
treatment of these addictive disorders. It is a and the need for survival under the
sensitive issue that seminarians must weight of huge troubles and
handle—sometimes on a daily basis— frustrations,” Morton said. Clergy
effectively and appropriately within their
own lives and through their future priestly must understand the truth about
ministry. these diseases and be able to talk
Rev. J. Wilfrid Parent, vice rector, found the
about these situations. There is
workshops to be helpful, especially upon always the possibility of recovery and
reﬂecting on his own years of parish life as a redemption.”
priest. “I know that addiction is a major
pastoral problem. You never know where it
might come up—with the young or with
Mr. Michael Morton,
Director of Education at
Guest House, addresses
faith | discovery | leadership | community
Permit No. 224
16300 Old Emmitsburg Road
Emmitsburg, MD 21727
Address Service Requested
A Champion for Immigrant
Seminarians Invited to
“Retreat to a Quiet Place”
Celebrating and Witnessing
the Gospel of Life
Human Formation Workshop
Focuses on Addictive Disorders
Chaplain Program supports Mount Athletics
By Gregory Stowe, Second Theology, Diocese A program of Campus Ministry, the other than their coaches … offering
of Providence chaplaincy program involves another perspective to help them as
Looking at a bench, dugout, or seminarians being paired with a they grow as individuals,” said men’s
sideline of a Mount game, a casual Mount team, normally for the basketball head coach, Milan Brown.
observer will see coaches, players, duration of their seminary training.
The seminarians “organize Masses, From the seminary’s perspective, the
prayer services, bible studies and social program is mutually beneﬁcial for
And, a seminarian. events for the teams. They give of both the student-athletes and the
their time and make sacriﬁces to serve seminarians. “Seminarians’
Wait a minute! A seminarian? Fret our students, attending practices and involvement as chaplains for the
not. The seminarian did not mistake a games, organizing spiritual and social Mount’s athletic teams is a good
courtside seat for the front pew in events, and serving as mentors,” said learning experience in youth ministry,
Immaculate Conception Chapel. Fr. Ray Harris, college chaplain. and it helps our college students grow
Rather, this casual observation reveals in their lives of faith. I think it reﬂects
the Mount’s Sports Team Chaplain This program has certainly grown Father Dubois’ vision for a close
program. under the tenure of Fr. Harris and relationship between collegians and
Campus Ministry, highlighted by the seminarians,” said seminary rector Fr.
expansion of the program to nearly Kevin C. Rhoades.
every Mount team in response to the
request of the coaches. “The chaplain Note: Gregory Stowe is Chaplain for the
Mount’s women’s lacrosse program.
offers another avenue for our athletes,
giving them someone they can turn to
Left: Seminarian Richard O’Donnell (third theology, Diocese of Burlington) leads college baseball team in prayer. Above:
Seminarian Joseph Crowley (second theology, Archdiocese of Hartford) serving as chaplain of college women’s basketball team.