The final will be composed from the following questions with the addition of questions from the Nine Nations of China and the “World War on Female Babies” article. Which of the following associations is incorrect? A) Niger River—Mali B) Congo River--The Congo C) Zambezi River—Zambia D) Nile River—Sudan E) Orange River--Nigeria Which of the following is associated with the concept of continental drift? A) separate development B) Pangaea C) land alienation D) continentality E) apartheid The Congo River basin mainly supports what type of vegetation? A) grassland B) savanna C) tropical rainforest D) Mediterranean scrub E) coniferous forest A disease that spreads worldwide is known as a(n): A) vector B) agent C) pandemic D) endemic E) epidemic The major difference between an endemic and a pandemic disease is that: A) an endemic disease moves swiftly through the population of a local area, whereas a pandemic disease is simply present, affecting the lives of millions of people in a negative way B) a pandemic disease is limited to moving swiftly through the population of a local area, whereas an endemic disease is simply present, affecting the lives of millions of people in a negative way C) a pandemic disease moves through the population of a large area of the world, whereas an endemic disease is simply present, affecting the lives of millions of people in a negative way D) there is no difference between an endemic and a pandemic disease E) none of the above Before independence, the modern state of The Congo was a colony of: A) France B) Germany C) Britain D) Belgium E) South Africa Which of the following states was not a colony of France prior to its independence? A) Ivory Coast B) Chad C) Ghana D) Senegal E) Burkina Faso Which of the following countries was not a British colony prior to its independence? A) Zimbabwe B) Zambia C) Kenya D) Ethiopia E) Malawi Which of the following countries is not located in Southern Africa? A) Botswana B) Cameroon C) Zimbabwe D) Zambia E) Moçambique The now-independent political entity that once was a German colony named South West Africa is today known as: A) Namibia B) Botswana C) Western Rhodesia D) Tanganyika E) Togo Which of the following countries is not located in East Africa? A) Nigeria B) Kenya C) Uganda D) Tanzania E) Burundi Which of the following countries borders Lake Victoria? A) Sudan B) Uganda C) Malawi D) The Congo E) Ethiopia Two countries which were originally part of German East Africa, but were given to the Belgians after World War I are: A) Tanzania and Kenya B) Zimbabwe and Zambia C) Zanzibar and Madagascar D) Rwanda and Burundi E) Congo and The Congo The country in Equatorial Africa with significant oil supplies and the only coastal capital is: A) Congo B) Cameroon C) Central African Republic D) Gabon E) Angola Which two colonial powers dominated West Africa? A) Britain and France B) Portugal and Spain C) Germany and Britain D) U.S. and France E) Belgium and the Netherlands Nigeria’s old capital of Lagos was situated within the culture area of the people known as the: A) Ndebele B) Yoruba C) Boers D) Ibo E) Hausa The first West African state to gain its independence, formerly called the Gold Coast, is: A) Ghana B) Guinea C) Sierra Leone D) Gambia E) Benin Which of the following countries was established by former American slaves? A) Gambia B) Guinea C) Guinea-Bissau D) Ghana E) Liberia According to the article passed out in class about FDI in Sub Sahara Africa what is it that “prevents industrialization and modern infrastructure from taking hold”: A. climate B. political leadership C. foreign powers D. rugged terrain E. lack of resources According to the article passed out in class about FDI in Sub Sahara Africa what is the reason “the major rivers are unreliable for commerce”: A. political instability B. drought C. continental escarpment creates rapids D. lack of diesel parts and fuel transport through the Serengeti Plains E. climate According to the article passed out in class about FDI in Sub Sahara Africa what sector is the most profitable for investors? A. Investment in infrastructure for distribution of goods and services B. investment in infrastructure for extraction of minerals and metals; mine to railroad to port C. investment in offshore petroleum and natural gas production D. investment in weapons delivery systems E. investment in climate change According to the article passed out in class about FDI in Sub Sahara Africa what country has trained security forces to protect the offshore oil and natural gas platforms after an incident by rebel forces? A. Sudan B. Mali C. Angola D. Nigeria E. Ivory Coast According to the article passed out in class about FDI in Sub Sahara Africa what former colonial power is providing the training for security forces? A. France B. UK C. Portugal D. Spain E. USA True/False True/False The Kalahari Desert is found in the central part of The Congo. True/False The supercontinent Pangaea at one time joined together what is now Africa, South America, Antarctica, Australia, Madagascar, and India. True/False Africa’s distributions of climate and vegetation are almost symmetrical about the equator. True/False African sleeping sickness is transmitted by the tsetse fly. True/False The Berlin Conference took place immediately after World War I and was attended by 8 colonial powers interested in acquiring African spheres of influence. True/False Zambia, Sierra Leone, and Malawi were all British colonies. True/False Although much of Subsaharan Africa still practices tribal religions, Islam penetrated from the north to confront these faiths as well as Christianity as it advanced southward. The 1884 conference of all the major colonial powers that essentially drew the modern political map of Africa, was held in the European city of _________. Prior to their independence, Moçambique and Angola were both colonies of __________. Nigeria's dominant export commodity, produced in large quantities, is __________. The country that is located at the tip of the African Horn is ____________. True / False Even though FDI in Sub Sahara Africa has doubled between 2002 and 2007, its share of global FDI has dropped in half. True / False North Africa differs form Sub Sahara Africa because of its proximity to Europe. True / False North African Islamic nations draw three times as much FDI as the rest of the continent combined True / False By 1965 most of Sub Sahara Africa was independent. South Asia The caste system is most associated with which of the following religions: a) Mauryanism b) Islam c) Buddhism d) Hinduism e) Sanskrit The first true indigenous empire in the South Asian realm was the: a) Aryan b) Gupta c) Dravidian d) Mogul e) Mauryan Aśoka was a strong believer in: a) Buddhism b) Hinduism c) Islam d) Sikhism e) Indi The power that massively penetrated India from the west in the tenth century AD was: a) Buddhism b) Hinduism c) Islam d) Chinese e) Portuguese In 1947, British India was partitioned into which of the following states? a) the Punjab and Asom b) Ceylon and Sri Lanka c) Kashmir and Afghanistan d) India and Pakistan e) Bangladesh and East Pakistan India today is probably in the ______ stage of its demographic transition. a) first b) second c) third d) fourth e) final The area of India in which the population exhibits the country’s lowest growth rate is: a) Kashmir b) the Bombay (Mumbai) urban region c) the central Gangetic Plain d) the States to the northeast of Bangladesh e) the southernmost States of the peninsula Which of the following countries does not share a common border with Pakistan? a) Iran b) China c) Bangladesh d) Afghanistan e) India Which of the following associations is incorrect? a) Sri Lanka and Colombo b) Bangladesh and Dhaka c) Nepal and Kathmandu d) Pakistan and Delhi e) Bhutan and Thimphu Which of the following is not located in Pakistan? a) Deccan Plateau b) Indus River c) Punjab d) Islamabad e) Karachi Which of the following statements is false? a) The official language of Bangladesh is Bengali; the official language of Pakistan is Urdu. b) The major natural hazard faced by Bangladesh is flooding; the major natural hazard faced by Pakistan is drought. c) Rice is the major staple grain in Bangladesh; wheat is the major staple grain in Pakistan. d) Bangladesh and Pakistan possess major mineral resources. e) Bangladesh and Pakistan were united into a single country between 1947 and 1971. An area whose control is hotly disputed by India and Pakistan is: a) Punjab b) Jammu and Kashmir c) Bangladesh d) northern Sri Lanka e) the Tribal Areas Which of the following areas of India is located in the Brahmaputra Valley? a) Deccan b) Asom c) Punjab d) Jammu and Kashmir e) Delhi-New Delhi Which of the following is not a centrifugal force? a) social stratification b) Islamic extremism c) the caste system d) the education system e) the Hindutva (Hinduness) movement India's Sikh population is concentrated in: a) Punjab b) Asom c) the far south d) the Mumbai area e) Eelam The priestly caste in India is known as the: a) Hindus b) Brahmans c) Touchables d) Sikhs e) Dalits The untouchable caste in India is known as the: a) Hindu Kushes b) Harijans c) Brahmans d) Sikhs e) Tamils The city located closest to the Ganges Delta is: a) Kolkata (Calcutta) b) New Delhi c) Chennai (Madras) d) Brahmanputra e) Karachi Which of the following statements about Indian agriculture is false? a) Wheat is grown in areas that are not moist enough to support rice cultivation b) Wheat is grown in the east while rice dominates in the west. c) The Green Revolution led to significant increases in production. d) India contains more than 500,000 villages that house its farm population e) India’s agricultural population is still larger than its urban population India’s Rustbelt is located in the hinterland of: a) the upper Ganges Valley b) Kolkata c) Bengaluru d) Mumbai e) New Delhi Bangladesh was formerly known as: a) East Pakistan b) East India c) Ceylon d) West Pakistan e) Burma The two countries of South Asia’s Mountainous North are: a) Sri Lanka and Ceylon b) Pakistan and Bangladesh c) Nepal and Bhutan d) Asom and Punjab e) Jammu and Kashmir The small group of islands 400 miles southwest of India are the: a) Tamils b) Sea Lankans c) Dravidians d) Maldives e) Colombos The Buddhist majority population of Sri Lanka is known as the: a) Ceylonese b) Sinhalese c) Tamil Tigers d) Mauryans e) Eelams True / False True / False Southern India contains the Deccan Plateau. True / False The Ganges and Brahmaputra River valleys converge. True / False Dravidians are in the majority on the island formerly called Ceylon. True / False The caste system has completely disappeared from Indian society. True / False Prince Aśoka was the founder of the Buddhist religion in the third century B.C. True / False Islam from the beginning was a faith alien to India, and the country has completely resisted its penetration. True / False Prince Siddhartha is better known as Muhammad in modern Pakistan. True / False The British East India Company administered India from 1857 until the country became independent in 1947. True / False The Punjab region extends into both Pakistan and India. True / False India’s Muslim population now constitutes less than 2% of the country’s population. True / False The population of Bangladesh is nearly 50 percent larger than that of Pakistan. True / False India today is the world’s second most populous state. True / False The demographic transition model describes changes in birth rates, death rates, and population growth over time. True / False In the first stage of the demographic transition both birth rates and death rates are high. True / False South Asia contains one-third of the world’s population and one-fifth of its poorest inhabitants. True / False The so-called “untouchables” of the Indian caste system are untouchable because it is believed that they are directly descended from a Hindu god. True / False The west in India is now developing faster than the east. True / False Much of Bangladesh’s land lies close to sea level, leaving the country prone to frequent flooding. True / False Nepal and Bhutan are landlocked countries. True / False Ceylon was formerly known as Eelam. _________ forces bind a state together, unifying and strengthening its foundations. The former state of East Pakistan, which separated from West Pakistan after a brief war in 1971, is now called ____________. Two former colonial entities that reunited with China during the late 1990s are: A) Vietnam and Tibet B) Macau and Shenzhen C) Hong Kong and Shenzhen D) Hong Kong and Guangdong E) Macau and Hong Kong China’s total area is: A) much larger than that of the United States B) slightly larger than that of the United States C) slightly smaller than that of the United States D) much smaller than that of the United States The Han Dynasty: A) is the earliest Chinese dynasty about which substantial information is available B) began and ended before 300 B.C., when China already was a well-organized state C) was a pivotal and formative period in Chinese history, when the Chinese sphere of influence was enlarged, land reform occurred, and external trade commenced D) is another name for the regime of Mao Zedong E) led directly to the takeover of the Manchus in 1644 Mao Zedong’s proclamation creating the communist People’s Republic of China was announced in: A) 1911 B) 1925 C) 1949 D) 1976 E) 1997 China’s largest city is: A) Beijing B) Hong Kong C) Guangzhou D) Shenzhen E) Shanghai 9. China’s current population is closest to: A) 400 million B) 800 million C) 1.1 billion D) 1.3 billion E) 2.1 billion Which of the following regions is called China’s rust belt? A) Northeast China B) Taiwan C) North China Plain D) Xinjiang E) Red Basin of Sichuan Which of the following is one of the worlds’ most heavily populated agricultural areas: A) the Northeast China Plain B) the Liao-Songhua Basin C) Xinjiang D) the Jakota Triangle E) the North China Plain The main river serving the hinterland of Shanghai is the: A) Xi/Pearl B) Huang He C) Chang-Yangzi D) Amur E) Songhua The southernmost of China’s three great rivers is the: A) Huang He B) Chang-Yangzi C) Xi/Pearl D) Liao E) Amur Which of the following is the Chinese name for Tibet? A) Pudong B) Xian C) Xinjiang D) Xizang E) Hainan The leader who took over in China following the struggle after Mao's death was: A) Deng Xiaoping B) Kim Jong Il C) Chien-Ming Wang D) Yao Ming E) Hu Jintao Which of the following lies just across the old Chinese border from Hong Kong? A) Macau B) Canton C) Chang-Yangzi Delta D) Pudong E) Shenzhen The Meiji Restoration: A) marked the demise of the Shogun Dynasty B) marked the beginning of Japan's modernization and generated its economic and military transformation C) triggered the shift of the country's capital city to Kyoto D) halted Japan’s explosive population growth and has led to a stable population since about 1890 E) occurred after the disastrous defeat Japan suffered in World War II Japan’s population: A) is expected to decline over the next half-century B) is concentrated along the shore of the Sea of Japan (East Sea) C) exhibits a low rate of literacy D) is concentrated on Hokkaido and Shikoku E) is reflective of a multicultural society Japan’s largest and main island, containing the Japanese capital and almost all of its core area is: A) Kyushu B) Honshu C) Shikoku D) Hokkaido E) Sakhalin The outcome of the Korean War in the 1950s was: A) defeat of North Korea, which was returned to the control of Japan B) victory for the South, which soon became communist C) a military stalemate resulting in the continued division of the country D) a short pause, followed by renewed war that still drags on to this day E) the unification of the two Koreas The country of the “people of Han” is: A) Mongolia B) China C) Japan D) Korea E) Tibet Taiwan was at one time a colony of: A) Russia B) the United States C) Japan D) Australia E) Britain Taiwan is located off the coast of: A) Russia B) China C) Korea D) Vietnam E) Japan True/False True/False The culture hearth of Chinese civilization is located in the lower Huang He Valley near the confluence of the Chang River. True/False The Han Dynasty was China's formative period; Chinese still call themselves the “people of Han.” True/False China’s One-Child policy was not enforced in urban areas. True/False The North China Plain is one of the world’s most densely populated farming areas. True/False Xinjiang and Xizang are two of the most densely populated regions of China Proper. Macao was a former British colony. True/False Japan’s four large islands are Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Sakhalin. True/False In terms of coal, iron ore, and petroleum, Japan is better supplied by domestic resources than the British Isles. True/False The economies of North and South Korea are complementary and both states would have much to gain by reunification. True/False North Korea has numerous industrial raw materials; the resources of the South are more agricultural. True/False Taiwan ranks ahead of the People’s Republic of China in GNI per capita. The most important of China's Rivers, at whose mouth lies the seaport of Shanghai, is the__________. Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan constitute the _______________ Triangle.