Chemistry Final Exam Review Sheet

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Chemistry Final Exam Review Sheet Powered By Docstoc
					Honors Chemistry Final Exam Review Sheet
McKinney, McGovern
Format:
   1. Final Exam is comprehensive over the first semester
   2. 50% multiple choice/ 50% free response
   3. Bring calculator, a #2 pencil, and one 3x5 notecard with any handwritten notes, formulas
   4. You will be expected to show all work, show units, apply correct sig figs when requested

Possible Strategy:
              Study class notes and homework with book open for reference
              Complete suggested practice problems (on back of this sheet) as you review notes
              Look at outline below and test yourself on concepts
              Go back and review any concepts or problems that gave you any trouble
              Review old tests, labs, and worksheets
              Mr. Stecher has a good website with some stuff; also check some Chem websites
                 (“ChemTutor.com”) if you need extra help.

Chapters/ Major* Topics Covered:
*Please note: this list is by no means comprehensive; use as a guideline to start your review. This list covers
major topics in each chapter, and there are minor topics, which may not appear below.
Chapter 1- Matter and Change
Topics: safety in the chemistry lab, matter and its properties, atoms, elements, metals, non-metals, chemical vs.
physical properties and changes, states of matter (s,l,&g), chemical reactions, classification of matter, mixture,
homogenous, heterogenous, pure substances

Chapter 2- Measurement and Calculations
Topics: scientific approach, scientific method, SI units, SI prefixes, SI derived units, units, significant digits, density
including volume by displacement, measurement, conversion factors, uncertainty in measurement, significant
figures, scientific notation, dimensional analysis for conversions

Chapter 3- Atoms: The Building Blocks of Matter
Topics: elements, symbols for elements, electrons, protons, neutrons, ions, atomic number (defines element!), mass
number, atomic mass, isotopes, Dalton’s Atomic Theory, Thompson’s Plum Pudding Model, Rutherford model,
Bohr, Modern Atomic Theory, law of conservation of mass, law of definite proportion, law of multiple proportion

Chapter 4- Arrangement of Electrons in Atoms
Topics: the nature of light, electromagnetic spectrum, energy, wavelength, frequency, E=hv, c= f, energy change
of the electron Ee- = -2.178 x 10-18 J (1/nf2 – 1/ni2); ground state vs. excited state, atomic structure, orbitals and
orbital shapes (s,p,d,f), energy levels, filling order (Aufbau), orbital diagrams and electron configurations according
to the Aufbau Principle, Pauli exclusion principle, Hund’s Rule, “shorthand” (or noble gas) electron configurations

Chapter 5- The Periodic Law
Topics: History of the Periodic Table, Mendeleev/Mosely/Seaborg, chemical periodicity, the modern periodic table,
group names, metals, semi-metals, nonmetals, periodic trends: atomic radii, ionization energy, ion vs. atomic radii,
valence electrons, electronegativity, electron affinity, filling order (Aufbau Principle)

Chapter 6- Chemical Bonding
Topics: types of chemical bonds, why do atoms bond, electronegativity and bond type (nonpolar cov., polar
cov.(dipoles), ionic), molecular polarity, LDD for ionic compounds/ionic bonding (including with poly. Ions) and
LDD for molecular compounds/covalent bonding, orbital overlap in covalent bonding, octet rule, molecular
structures and shapes -- VSEPR Theory, resonance, hybridization (who does it and why), exceptions to the octet rule
(less than 8 and more than 8), crystal lattice structure, *If we get to it: hydrogen bonding, London dispersion forces,
dipole-dipole, induced dipole

Chapter 7- Chemical Formulas and Chemical Compounds (Nomenclature)
Topics: chemical formulas, monatomic ions, polyatomic ions, using symbols to write formulas, naming compounds:
ionic type I & II & with polyatomic ions, molecular/covalent compounds, elements that exist as diatomic molecules
– Br I N Cl H O F

                                                   A little bit more 
Practice Problems:
Disclaimer- These practice problems are intended to help you START your review. It is by no means
comprehensive. For a comprehensive review, study old tests, past text book homework problem sets/worksheets,
class notes, and corresponding sections of the text, check out Mr. Stecher’s website.


Suggestions from our text book
Ch1, p. 26 - #1, 5, 8-11, 17, 19

Ch2, p. 59 - #7, 8, 17, 21, 28, 36, 39-42, 43-46

Ch3, p. 87 - #1, 8, 9, 11, 17 ae, 18ac,

Ch4, p. 118 - #13 a-d, 17 a-c, 22 de, 23 ab, 28, 29,43, 47

Ch5, refer to our Periodic Law Outline/homework

Ch6, p. 195 - 1, 4, 23, 24, 33 abc, 43, any from 41,42,47-49,51,64

Ch7, p. 235 - #6, 7,10,11,14,15abfg, 18,26, 32abc, 33ab, 42ab