AQIS – Protecting our way of life The Australian Quarantine and Inspection Service is a Federal Government organisation that: • Protects Australia’s animal, plant and human health from exotic pests and diseases. AQIS is responsible for: • Incoming travellers, goods, plants and animals subject to quarantine. • Ships’ waste and ballast water • Inspecting goods for export AQIS – Protecting our way of life • AQIS has the dual role of providing consumer protection and facilitating trade by providing a sound, scientifically based and cost effective quarantine and inspection service. • AQIS’ quarantine and export inspection and certification and food safety activities are essential to maintain Australia’s favourable animal, plant and human health status. AQIS – Protecting our way of life • AQIS develops quarantine policies and procedures relating to incoming passenger traffic, mail and imports into Australia of animals, plants and a vast range of other quarantine material. Why is quarantine important? • Australia exports 80 per cent of our primary production. • Australia exports $22 billion worth of agricultural products each year. • Australia has the toughest quarantine standards in the world. • Tough quarantine standards - good for Australians, good for our environment, good for exporters. Exotic pest and diseases • Australia is free from many plant and animal diseases found in other parts of the world. • $22 billion worth of agriculture exports a year depend on Australia being able to assure markets overseas that we are free from those pests and diseases. • AQIS is concerned with hundreds of exotic weeds and plant diseases and at least 63 major animal diseases Newcastle Disease • Last outbreak of Newcastle Disease in NSW 1999/2000, about 2 million birds were destroyed. • Virulent strain of the virus can result in 100% death rate. Foot and Mouth Disease • Highly contagious livestock disease which spreads rapidly through cloven-footed animals. • The overall cost of lost markets and rural production is estimated to be $6000 million plus $8 million for each day the outbreak lasts. Citrus Canker • Attacks almost all varieties of citrus. • Has been eradicated twice from around Darwin. • Current outbreak in Qld. Khapra Beetle • One of the most damaging pests of stored products. • Can survive for years without food. • Attacks all forms of grain and seed, as well as many processed vegetable and animal products. Common items that are inspected for Quarantine concerns: Wooden Items - Risk • Insects eg. borers • Bark • Plant pathogens • May have other restricted/ prohibited goods attached Goods liable to contamination eg shoes, tents, plant pots, tools, toys. Risk- • Soil • Seed borne disease • Weed seeds Animal Products - Eggs, Feathers, Rawhide – Risk- • Disease. • Soil contamination. • Animal material eg. Feathers, hide, hair, bone, may have blood or tissue attached. Dried Plant Material - Risk • Insects • Seeds • Plant pathogens • Bark Food - Risk • Prohibited goods • Insects – stored product pests • Plant disease • Contamination Treatments • Limited range of treatments available for prevention, control and eradication of unwanted pests and diseases to quarantine standards. • Each treatment has specific applications, strengths, weaknesses and levels of effectiveness. • In some cases there is more than one treatment that will achieve the required results. Options • Treat Destroy Re-export Fumigate Irradiate Heat Treat Contacts: • AQIS ICON database of import conditions online www.aqis.gov.au/icon • General enquiries to the 'Duty Officer' Tel 8334 7400. email@example.com • NSW Entry Processing Manager Tel 8334 7422 or Fax 8334 7424 Any Questions?