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CWD brochure dd endemic

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CWD brochure dd endemic

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									                                                                                                                   CHRONIC WASTING
CHRONIC WASTING DISEASE                                                                                            DISEASE: THE BASICS
                                                                                                                   What is Chronic Wasting Disease?
                                                                                                                   CWD is a neurologic disease of deer and elk,
                                                                                                                   belonging to the family of diseases known as
                                                                                                                   transmissible spongiform encephalopathies
                                                                                                                   (TSE’s) or prion diseases. Though it shares
                                                                                                                   certain features with other TSE’s like bovine
                                                                                                                   spongiform encephalopathy (“Mad Cow
                                                                                                                   Disease”) or scrapie in sheep, it is a distinct
                                            EQUAL OPPORTUNITY                                                      disease apparently affecting only deer, moose
                                            Federal and State law prohibits employment and/or public
                                            accommodation (such as access to services or physical facilities)
                                                                                                                   and elk. CWD occurs in wild deer and elk,
                                            discrimination on the basis of age, color, creed, disability (mental   primarily in Colorado and adjacent parts of
                                            and/or physical), gender identity, national origin, pregnancy,         Wyoming, Nebraska and Utah; it has also been
                                            race, religion, sex or sexual orientation. If you believe you have     diagnosed in wild deer and/or elk in Illinois,
                                            been discriminated against in any program, activity or facility        Kansas, New Mexico, New York, North Dakota,
                                            as described above, or if you desire further information, contact      South Dakota, Utah, Virginia, West Virginia,
                                            the Iowa Civil Rights Commission at 1-800-457-4416, or write to:       Wisconsin and the Canadian provinces of Alberta
                                            Director, Iowa Department of Natural Resources, Wallace State          and Saskatchewan. CWD has also been found
                                            Office Building, 502 E. 9th, Des Moines, Iowa 50319-0034.
                                                                                                                   on captive deer and/or elk farms in Colorado,
 States and Provinces where CWD has been    ALTERNATIVE FORMATS                                                    Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri,
                                            This information is available in alternative formats upon request      Montana, Nebraska, New York, Oklahoma, South
    confirmed in captive or wild cervids.                                                                          Dakota, Utah, Wisconsin and Wyoming and the
                                            by contacting the DNR at 515-281-5918. TTY users - Contact Relay
                                            Iowa at 800-735-2942.                                                  Canadian provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan.
What are the Signs of CWD in Deer and Elk?                                                                   What’s Being Done to Prevent
                                                      cattle by injecting CWD infected material directly
CWD attacks the brains of infected deer and elk
causing the animals to become emaciated, display
                                                      into the brain, but the cattle did not develop signs   the Spread of CWD?
                                                      of disease. CWD has been a problem in farmed           Wildlife Agencies in virtually every state have
abnormal behavior, lose bodily functions and
                                                      elk in several western states, but has not been        adopted measures to help prevent the spread of
die. Signs identified in captive cervids include
                                                      documented to date on elk or deer farms in Iowa.       CWD into their respective states. In Iowa, the
excessive salivation, loss of appetite, progressive
weight loss, excessive thirst and urination,                                                                 DNR has:
listlessness, teeth grinding, holding the head in     Is it Safe to Eat Venison from Iowa Deer?
a lowered position and drooping ears. CWD is a        To date, CWD has not been diagnosed in captive         • Worked with the Department of Agriculture and
slowly progressive disease; signs are usually not     or wild deer in Iowa. There is no scientific           Land Stewardship to develop a CWD response plan.
seen until the animal is 18 months of age or older.   evidence that CWD is transmissible through             • Collected and tested over 33,000 wild deer
                                                      consumption of meat from an infected animal.           throughout the state (to date all tests have
                                                      The prion that causes CWD accumulates only             been negative).
How is CWD Transmitted?
                                                      in certain parts of infected animals – the brain,
The mode of transmission between deer or elk                                                                 • Instituted a mandatory CWD monitoring
                                                      eyes, spinal cord, lymph nodes, tonsils and
is not completely understood. However, it is                                                                 program for deer hunting preserves.
                                                      spleen. Health officials, however, advise that
thought that the disease is transmitted laterally                                                            • Instituted restrictions on inter-state transport
                                                      no part of any animal known to be infected with
(i.e., from direct contact between animals in a                                                              of big game carcasses from CWD endemic areas.
                                                      CWD should be consumed by humans or other
herd). Environmental factors, heat or disaffection
                                                      animals. In addition, they suggest that hunters        • Worked on legislation to ban feeding of deer to
does not easily kill the disease-causing prion, so
                                                      take simple precautions when field dressing deer       help prevent the spread of CWD (not yet passed).
transmission from a contaminated environment
                                                      in areas where CWD is found:                           • Worked with conservation organizations to
may also be possible.
                                                                                                             increase the awareness about CWD.
                                                      • Wear rubber gloves when field dressing
How is CWD Diagnosed?                                 carcasses.                                             • Engaged in regional and national wildlife health
Brain samples are collected from hunter-                                                                     meetings to stay abreast of current science
harvested or dead deer and are examined               • Bone out the meat from your animal.                  regarding CWD.
microscopically using special stains to identify      • Minimize the handling of brain and
the CWD prion. A research team in Colorado            spinal tissues.                                        Restrictions for Bringing Big
has recently developed the first live animal          • Wash hands and instruments thoroughly                Game Carcasses into Iowa.
test for CWD, based on the collection of tonsil       after field dressing is completed.                     Regulations prohibit bringing whole carcasses
samples for microscopic examination. This
                                                      • Avoid consuming brain, spinal cord, eyes,            of deer, elk, moose or caribou into Iowa from
test seems to work well in deer, but not in elk.
                                                      spleen, tonsils and lymph nodes of harvested           CWD endemic areas in other states or provinces
                                                      animals. (Normal field dressing coupled with           whether they were taken from wild, free-ranging
Is CWD Transmissible to Humans?                       boning out of a carcass will remove essentially        animals or from a hunting preserve. To find out
A World Health Organization panel of experts          all of these parts.)                                   if your proposed hunt is in a CWD endemic area,
reviewed all available information on CWD and                                                                contact the fish and wildlife agency in the state or
                                                      • Request that your animal be processed
concluded that there is no scientific evidence that                                                          province where you plan to hunt.
                                                      individually, without meat from other animals
CWD can infect humans. CWD is similar to the                                                                     If you take a deer, elk, moose or caribou in a
                                                      being added to meat from your animal.
human TSE disease, Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease,                                                                CWD endemic area, you may bring back into Iowa
but the two diseases have not been linked the way                                                            only the boned out meat, skin (cape) and antlers.
new-variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease in people       What Should I do if I Observe                          Antlers may be attached only to a clean skull plate
has been linked to consumption of products from       or Harvest a Deer in Iowa that                         from which all brain and connective tissue has
cattle with bovine spongiform encephalopathy.         I Suspect Might Have CWD?                              been removed. Animals taken outside of CWD
                                                      Call your local DNR office, your local                 endemic areas may be transported in any manner
Is CWD a Risk for Iowa’s Livestock?                   Conservation Officer, or the DNR Central Office        that is otherwise legal. Hunters must check the
There is no evidence that CWD can be                  515-281-6156 right away. The DNR will make             regulations in the state or province they hunt to
transmitted under natural conditions to cattle.       every effort to collect samples from the animal        make sure all carcass transportation requirements
Scientists have attempted to transmit CWD to          and submit them for CWD testing.                       for those respective jurisdictions are met.

								
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