LISTENING_toefl

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LISTENING_toefl Powered By Docstoc
					                                       CHAPTER I
                                    INTRODUCTION


A. Background
       For the friends who is a hunter scholarship may already be familiar with the
names once the TOEFL (Test of Home as Foreign Language). TOEFL is now become
absolutely necessary for someone who wants to apply a scholarship. When compared
with his brother IELTS, TOEFL use as one measure of English ability are standard and
generally recognized in almost all countries.


       Regardless of how much TOEFL score is required, actual TOEFL exam includes
an easy-easy to difficult to overcome. For most people from some of the TOEFL exam
section, listening is the hardest section. It seems hard to steal the numbers in this section,
different case with the other sections, especially structure and reading. To structure and
reading may be we anticipated with much to learn and practice, the preparation can be
one or two months is enough to get a good score this disection. Can we say is, the more
training and preparation, the greater the opportunity to steal the numbers.


       But what about listening? it seems very difficult, although we've tried very hard to
exercise this would shatter the ears listen to conversations in the cassette / CD equipment
aja hard to get the point. Though to get the TOEFL score above 600, the success in this
section is to determine once. Not only can rely on other sections only (structure &
writing). Usually if someone is just relying on section structure & reading (PBT), TOEFL
score obtained is generally only between 550-570.




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                                      CHAPTER II
                                       CONTAINT


       Section which is slightly different from others, listening skills can not be
improved in a short time. Necessary steps and processes that gradually until someone is
actually able to sort out the word that was heard very well.


A. How about listening material
        We usually difficult to get enough listening material. Only capitalized, cassettes
Barron, Cliff or books of local publications. Geli also heard some people who ask this
question. Though the internet is now a lot of media websites that provide listening
material that is ready for download at any time. Gratins again.
For example, voanews.com (http://voanews.com) provides listening material in the form
of news that can be downloaded. Material lot numbers, the average for any news on out
by the VOA other than shown in the format. Html website, it is usually also provided
files. Mp3 can we download it. So we can hear the news while learning English. Klo
friends there that confused with a vocabulary that was heard, we just look at the
Transcript aja news.


       Too dedicatedly:-B, VOA also site specifically for beginners who want to learn
       English. His name VOA Special Home
http://www.voanews.com/specialenglish/index.cfm). Here listening the news material is
provided in the slow tempo is probably around 3 / 4 slower than the standard
conversations. So we can focus its efforts on trying to sort out the words. To start the
Special Home is the best choice, if it has been getting used to try to level up with
listening to the news that there is listening material on its own Voa News with standard
maturities.




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B. Toefl test consists of three parts, among others
   1. Toefl Listening Comprehension Test, consisting of 50 questions
   2. Toefl Structure and Written Test consists of 40 questions
   3. Toefl Reading Comprehension Test, consists of 50 problem


Here I will give you tips on how to anticipate the Toefl listening tests. Listening
Comprehension Test consists of 50 questions, divided into three sections namely section
A = 30 questions, section B = 8 questions and section C = 12 questions. Listening
section A in the form of dialogue or conversation between two people (the first person to
ask and the second man answered. Narrator will create questions based on conversations
between the first and second. And all the questions addressed to the narrator only the
second person answers. That means you must focus on those answers second.


First question: do you have to listen to all conversations from the first and the second
person? The answer may be - okay, but more important who you should be able to
catch the second person answers.


The second question: Do you have to listen to all who answered the second sentence?
The answer may be - is okay. But more importantly you should be able to catch one of
your keywords in the answer to the second person.


The third question: what is the key word? The keywords are intended here is a verb
(verbs) and adjectives (adjective). Why are the adjectives and verbs used keywords?
Because what you are looking for is OTHER WORDS / synonyms (words that have the
same meaning) with the keyword in the answer to -2.


C. Build your vocabulary.
       While listening, try to guess the meaning of unfamiliar words from context. It is
very important since there is a big chance to come across words you don't know at the
real test. Then, you should guess their meaning. Write down every word you don't know




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and include it in your wordlist. Try to memorize it and use it in your speaking and
writing. Flashcards could be a great way to improve your vocabulary.
Listen to conversations or lectures with variety of accents. In TOEFL® iBT Listening
section there is a variety of accents and pronunciations. For this reason, you should
practice listening to a people with different accents and pronunciation patterns.


D. Practice note-taking.
        Note-taking is allowed during all sections of TOEFL® iBT. Effective note-taking
may highly improve your performance. It is almost impossible to memorize all clues and
details provided in the Listening section. Moreover, you can hear the passages ONLY
ONCE. Therefore, to answer the questions you have to rely on what you remember from
the passage and your notes. See also our Effective Note-Taking Strategies.


E. Summarize in writing what you have heard,
        using your notes. Thus, you will learn to find the purpose and main idea of the
listening, and also the most important details. You will also learn to take and use notes. It
also helps in improving your writing skills.


F. Familiarize yourself with the type of questions
        in TOEFL iBT. Make sure that during the preparation you learn what answers are
required by the different types of question. Some questions may ask you to provide two
answers, others to click in a chart box. If you are familiar with the question types, you
may save important time.


Sample conversation:
Merry: Hi Bob, do you bring my book Home? I need to finish my homework tonight.
Bob: Oh, sorry. I forget to bring it.
Narrator: What does the man (Bob) mean?
A. The man Forgets to bring the book.
B. The man does not know about the book.
C. The man Brings Merry's book.



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D. The man does not remember to bring the book.
The correct answer is D (The man does not remember to bring the book). Key words in
the answer of second speaker is forget. Then you have to find another piece of
nonsensical answers with a word that does not forget remember. Forget is a verb (verb).
Usually    a    synonym     of   the    adjective   (adjective)   and     verb    (verb).


Ways / strategies apply to the Listening Comprehension Part A, number 1 s / d 30.
Easy - I hope you understand my brief explanation of this. Hopefully useful. Good luck.




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                                       CHAPTER III
                                      CONCLUTION


A. Conclusion
         Hard to improve the ability of listening, by learning, sat that each requires a
strategy and knowledge. Listening skills required for specialized knowledge in the basics
listening. tips that have been studied frequently in implements, expected in listening.
concentration is also one important requirement for easy to understand, especially in the
toefl listening listening. people - people can easily learn without the guidance of lecturers
toefl hundred percent, it's because they care and want to try to get any information about
the toefl. the point is, all success comes from the will.


B. Suggestion
       We are aware of this paper is still far from perfection, so from that advice and
constructive criticism so we still expect our next order of writing paper to make it better.




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                                    REFERENCE


http://kalenderbeasiswa.com/learning/english/item/?lid=1&iid=10


http://kursusinggris.wordpress.com/2009/12/26/tips-mengerjakan-tes-listening-toefl/




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