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					                              Local Coverage Determination

CPT Code/Search Topic
94660

LMRP/LCD ID
L15794

LMRP/LCD Title
Respiratory Therapy

          Indications and Limitations of Coverage and/or Medical Necessity

Respiratory therapy (respiratory care) is defined as those services prescribed by a
physician or a non physician practitioner for the assessment and diagnostic evaluation,
treatment, management, and monitoring of patients with deficiencies and abnormalities of
cardiopulmonary function.

Monitoring is defined as the periodic checking of the equipment in actual use to ascertain
proper functioning; real time tracking the individual’s condition to assure that he/she is
receiving effective respiratory therapy services; and periodic evaluation of the patient’s
progress in improvement of function.

Respiratory therapy (respiratory care) services may include but are not limited to the
following:

           o application techniques to support oxygenation and ventilation in an acute
             illness (e.g. establish/maintain artificial airway, ventilatory therapy,
             precise delivery of oxygen concentrations, aid in removal of secretions
             from pulmonary tree)

           o therapeutic use/monitoring of medicinal gases, pharmacologically active
             mists and aerosols, and equipment (e.g., resuscitators, ventilators)

           o bronchial hygiene therapy (e.g. deep breathing, coughing exercises, IPPB,
             postural drainage, chest percussion/vibration, and
             nasotracheal/endotracheal suctioning)

           o diagnostic tests for evaluation by a physician (e.g. pulmonary function
             test, spirometry, and blood gas analyses)

           o pulmonary rehabilitation techniques (e.g. exercise conditioning, breathing
             retraining, and patient education regarding management of patient’s
             respiratory problems)

           o periodic assessment of the patient for the effectiveness of respiratory
               therapy services

The above services may be performed by respiratory therapists, nurses, and other
qualified personnel as described by relevant State practice acts. Documentation in the
medical record must clearly support the need for respiratory therapy services to be
separately reimbursed.

Respiratory therapy (respiratory care) services can be considered reasonable and
necessary for the diagnosis and treatment of a specific illness or injury. The service
provided must be consistent with the severity of the patient’s documented illness and
must be reasonable in terms of modality, amount, frequency, and duration of treatment.
The treatment must be generally accepted by the professional community as safe and
effective for the purpose used, and recognized standards of care should not be violated.

There must be a specific written order by the physician for all respiratory therapy
(respiratory care) services.

Medicare coverage of respiratory therapy (respiratory care) provided as outpatient
hospital or extended care services depends on the determination by the attending
physician (as part of his/her plan of treatment) that for the safe and effective
administration of such services the procedures or exercises in question need to be
performed by a respiratory therapist. In addition Medicare may cover postural drainage
and pulmonary exercises furnished by a respiratory therapist as incident to a physician's
professional service. In order to be considered for reimbursement by Medicare,
respiratory therapy services must be fully documented in the medical records. The
documentation must clearly indicate that the services rendered were reasonable and
medically necessary and required the skills of a licensed respiratory therapist.

Instructing a patient in the use of equipment, breathing exercises, etc. may be considered
reasonable and necessary to the treatment of the patient’s condition and can usually be
given to a patient during the course of treatment by any of the health personnel involved,
(e.g., physician, nurse, respiratory care practitioner or other qualified personnel). Separate
billing for one-on-one education is rarely necessary and is usually only reasonable at the
start of the treatment plan. Provision of more information than is ordinarily provided
during the course of a treatment (e.g., extensive theoretical background in the pathology,
etiology, and physiological effects of the disease) is not considered reasonable and
necessary. Group sessions that only offer generalized (i.e., non-individualized) education
and training are not covered.

Therapeutic procedures (G0237 through G0239) with an individualized physical
conditioning and exercise program using proper breathing techniques can be considered
for a patient with activity limitations. Breathing retraining, energy conservation, and
relaxation techniques are often used. Ventilatory muscle training (VMT) may be
considered reasonable and necessary in a very select population of pulmonary patients
who demonstrate significantly decreased respiratory muscle strength and who remain
symptomatic despite optimal therapy. Routine exercise, or any exercise, without a
documented need for skilled care, is not covered.



Coverage Topic
Outpatient Hospital Services




CPT/HCPCS Codes


 31500 INTUBATION, ENDOTRACHEAL, EMERGENCY PROCEDURE
 31502 TRACHEOTOMY TUBE CHANGE PRIOR TO ESTABLISHMENT OF
       FISTULA TRACT
 31720 CATHETER ASPIRATION (SEPARATE PROCEDURE);
       NASOTRACHEAL
 92950 CARDIOPULMONARY RESUSCITATION (EG, IN CARDIAC ARREST)
 94010 SPIROMETRY, INCLUDING GRAPHIC RECORD, TOTAL AND TIMED
       VITAL CAPACITY, EXPIRATORY FLOW RATE MEASUREMENT(S),
       WITH OR WITHOUT MAXIMAL VOLUNTARY VENTILATION
 94060 BRONCHODILATION RESPONSIVENESS, SPIROMETRY AS IN 94010,
       PRE- AND POST-BRONCHODILATOR ADMINISTRATION
 94070 BRONCHOSPASM PROVOCATION EVALUATION, MULTIPLE
       SPIROMETRIC DETERMINATIONS AS IN 94010, WITH
       ADMINISTERED AGENTS (EG, ANTIGEN(S), COLD AIR,
       METHACHOLINE)
 94150 VITAL CAPACITY, TOTAL (SEPARATE PROCEDURE)
 94200 MAXIMUM BREATHING CAPACITY, MAXIMAL VOLUNTARY
       VENTILATION
 94240 FUNCTIONAL RESIDUAL CAPACITY OR RESIDUAL VOLUME:
       HELIUM METHOD, NITROGEN OPEN CIRCUIT METHOD, OR OTHER
       METHOD
 94250 EXPIRED GAS COLLECTION, QUANTITATIVE, SINGLE PROCEDURE
       (SEPARATE PROCEDURE)
 94260 THORACIC GAS VOLUME
 94350 DETERMINATION OF MALDISTRIBUTION OF INSPIRED GAS:
       MULTIPLE BREATH NITROGEN WASHOUT CURVE INCLUDING
     ALVEOLAR NITROGEN OR HELIUM EQUILIBRATION TIME
94360 DETERMINATION OF RESISTANCE TO AIRFLOW, OSCILLATORY
      OR PLETHYSMOGRAPHIC METHODS
94370 DETERMINATION OF AIRWAY CLOSING VOLUME, SINGLE
      BREATH TESTS
94375 RESPIRATORY FLOW VOLUME LOOP
94400 BREATHING RESPONSE TO CO2 (CO2 RESPONSE CURVE)
94450 BREATHING RESPONSE TO HYPOXIA (HYPOXIA RESPONSE
      CURVE)
94620 PULMONARY STRESS TESTING; SIMPLE (EG, PROLONGED
      EXERCISE TEST FOR BRONCHOSPASM WITH PRE- AND POST-
      SPIROMETRY)
94621 PULMONARY STRESS TESTING; COMPLEX (INCLUDING
      MEASUREMENTS OF CO2 PRODUCTION, O2 UPTAKE, AND
      ELECTROCARDIOGRAPHIC RECORDINGS)
94640 PRESSURIZED OR NONPRESSURIZED INHALATION TREATMENT
      FOR ACUTE AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION OR FOR SPUTUM INDUCTION
      FOR DIAGNOSTIC PURPOSES (EG, WITH AN AEROSOL
      GENERATOR, NEBULIZER, METERED DOSE INHALER OR
      INTERMITTENT POSITIVE PRESSURE BREATHING (IPPB) DEVICE)
94642 AEROSOL INHALATION OF PENTAMIDINE FOR PNEUMOCYSTIS
      CARINII PNEUMONIA TREATMENT OR PROPHYLAXIS
94656 VENTILATION ASSIST AND MANAGEMENT, INITIATION OF
      PRESSURE OR VOLUME PRESET VENTILATORS FOR ASSISTED OR
      CONTROLLED BREATHING; FIRST DAY
94657 VENTILATION ASSIST AND MANAGEMENT, INITIATION OF
      PRESSURE OR VOLUME PRESET VENTILATORS FOR ASSISTED OR
      CONTROLLED BREATHING; SUBSEQUENT DAYS
94660 CONTINUOUS POSITIVE AIRWAY PRESSURE VENTILATION (CPAP),
      INITIATION AND MANAGEMENT
94662 CONTINUOUS NEGATIVE PRESSURE VENTILATION (CNP),
      INITIATION AND MANAGEMENT
94664 DEMONSTRATION AND/OR EVALUATION OF PATIENT
      UTILIZATION OF AN AEROSOL GENERATOR, NEBULIZER,
      METERED DOSE INHALER OR IPPB DEVICE
94667 MANIPULATION CHEST WALL, SUCH AS CUPPING, PERCUSSING,
      AND VIBRATION TO FACILITATE LUNG FUNCTION; INITIAL
        DEMONSTRATION AND/OR EVALUATION
 94668 MANIPULATION CHEST WALL, SUCH AS CUPPING, PERCUSSING,
       AND VIBRATION TO FACILITATE LUNG FUNCTION; SUBSEQUENT
 94720 CARBON MONOXIDE DIFFUSING CAPACITY (EG, SINGLE BREATH,
       STEADY STATE)
 94725 MEMBRANE DIFFUSION CAPACITY
 94750 PULMONARY COMPLIANCE STUDY (EG, PLETHYSMOGRAPHY,
       VOLUME AND PRESSURE MEASUREMENTS)
 94772 CIRCADIAN RESPIRATORY PATTERN RECORDING (PEDIATRIC
       PNEUMOGRAM), 12 TO 24 HOUR CONTINUOUS RECORDING,
       INFANT
 G0237 THERAPEUTIC PROCEDURES TO INCREASE STRENGTH OR
       ENDURANCE OF RESPIRATORY MUSCLES, FACE TO FACE, ONE ON
       ONE, EACH 15 MINUTES (INCLUDES MONITORING)
 G0238 THERAPEUTIC PROCEDURES TO IMPROVE RESPIRATORY
       FUNCTION, OTHER THAN DESCRIBED BY G0237, ONE ON ONE,
       FACE TO FACE, PER 15 MINUTES (INCLUDES MONITORING)
 G0239 THERAPEUTIC PROCEDURES TO IMPROVE RESPIRATORY
       FUNCTION OR INCREASE STRENGTH OR ENDURANCE OF
       RESPIRATORY MUSCLES, TWO OR MORE INDIVIDUALS
       (INCLUDES MONITORING)




ICD-9 Codes that Support Medical Necessity


 010.01 -
 010.06
 010.11 -
 010.16
 010.80 -
 010.86
 011.00 -
 011.96
 012.01 -
 012.06
012.21 -
012.26
012.31 -
012.36
012.81 -
012.86
020.2 -
020.5
022.1      PULMONARY ANTHRAX
031.0      PULMONARY DISEASES DUE TO OTHER MYCOBACTERIA
032.3      LARYNGEAL DIPHTHERIA
033.0 -
033.9
039.1      PULMONARY ACTINOMYCOTIC INFECTION
042        HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS (HIV) DISEASE
052.1      VARICELLA (HEMORRHAGIC) PNEUMONITIS
055.1      POSTMEASLES PNEUMONIA
073.0      ORNITHOSIS WITH PNEUMONIA
081.2      SCRUB TYPHUS
083.0      Q FEVER
095.1      SYPHILIS OF LUNG
112.4      CANDIDIASIS OF LUNG
114.0      PRIMARY COCCIDIOIDOMYCOSIS (PULMONARY)
114.4 -
114.5
115.05     HISTOPLASMA CAPSULATUM PNEUMONIA
115.15     HISTOPLASMA DUBOISII PNEUMONIA
115.95     HISTOPLASMOSIS PNEUMONIA UNSPECIFIED
117.3      ASPERGILLOSIS
117.5      CRYPTOCOCCOSIS
130.4      PNEUMONITIS DUE TO TOXOPLASMOSIS
135        SARCOIDOSIS
136.3      PNEUMOCYSTOSIS
162.0 -
162.8
163.0 -
163.9
165.8      MALIGNANT NEOPLASM OF OTHER SITES WITHIN THE
           RESPIRATORY SYSTEM AND INTRATHORACIC ORGANS
176.4      KAPOSI'S SARCOMA LUNG
195.8      MALIGNANT NEOPLASM OF OTHER SPECIFIED SITES
197.0 -
197.3
212.0 -
212.5
231.0 -
231.8
235.7 -
235.8
273.4      ALPHA-1-ANTITRYPSIN DEFICIENCY
276.2      ACIDOSIS
276.3      ALKALOSIS
277.00 -
277.01
277.02     CYSTIC FIBROSIS WITH PULMONARY MANIFESTATIONS
277.03     CYSTIC FIBROSIS WITH GASTROINTESTINAL
           MANIFESTATIONS
277.09     CYSTIC FIBROSIS WITH OTHER MANIFESTATIONS
277.6      OTHER DEFICIENCIES OF CIRCULATING ENZYMES
335.20     AMYOTROPHIC LATERAL SCLEROSIS
415.0      ACUTE COR PULMONALE
415.11 -
415.19
416.0 -
416.8
417.0      ARTERIOVENOUS FISTULA OF PULMONARY VESSELS
417.8      OTHER SPECIFIED DISEASES OF PULMONARY CIRCULATION
424.3      PULMONARY VALVE DISORDERS
427.5      CARDIAC ARREST
428.0 -
428.9
464.10 -
464.4
465.0      ACUTE LARYNGOPHARYNGITIS
466.0 -
466.19
476.1      CHRONIC LARYNGOTRACHEITIS
478.30 -
478.34
478.6      EDEMA OF LARYNX
478.70 -
478.75
478.79     OTHER DISEASES OF LARYNX
478.8      UPPER RESPIRATORY TRACT HYPERSENSITIVITY REACTION
           SITE UNSPECIFIED
478.9      OTHER AND UNSPECIFIED DISEASES OF UPPER RESPIRATORY
           TRACT
480.0 -
480.8
481        PNEUMOCOCCAL PNEUMONIA [STREPTOCOCCUS
           PNEUMONIAE PNEUMONIA]
482.0 -
482.89
483.0 -
483.1
484.1 -
484.8
485        BRONCHOPNEUMONIA ORGANISM UNSPECIFIED
486        PNEUMONIA ORGANISM UNSPECIFIED
487.0      INFLUENZA WITH PNEUMONIA
487.1      INFLUENZA WITH OTHER RESPIRATORY MANIFESTATIONS
490        BRONCHITIS NOT SPECIFIED AS ACUTE OR CHRONIC
491.0 -
491.8
492.0 -
492.8
493.00 -
493.92
494.0 -
494.1
496        CHRONIC AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION NOT ELSEWHERE
           CLASSIFIED
500        COAL WORKERS' PNEUMOCONIOSIS
501        ASBESTOSIS
502        PNEUMOCONIOSIS DUE TO OTHER SILICA OR SILICATES
503        PNEUMOCONIOSIS DUE TO OTHER INORGANIC DUST
504        PNEUMONOPATHY DUE TO INHALATION OF OTHER DUST
505        PNEUMOCONIOSIS UNSPECIFIED
506.0 -
506.4
507.0 -
507.8
508.0 -
508.9
510.0 -
510.9
511.0 -
511.8
512.0 -
512.8
513.0 -
513.1
514        PULMONARY CONGESTION AND HYPOSTASIS
515        POSTINFLAMMATORY PULMONARY FIBROSIS
516.0 -
516.8
517.1 -
517.8
518.0 -
518.89
519.00 -
519.8
639.6      EMBOLISM FOLLOWING ABORTION OR ECTOPIC AND MOLAR
           PREGNANCIES
668.00 -
668.04
771.81 -
771.89
780.50 -
780.59
786.00 -
786.09
786.1      STRIDOR
786.2      COUGH
786.3      HEMOPTYSIS
786.52     PAINFUL RESPIRATION
786.6      SWELLING MASS OR LUMP IN CHEST
786.7      ABNORMAL CHEST SOUNDS
790.91     ABNORMAL ARTERIAL BLOOD GASES
793.1      NONSPECIFIC ABNORMAL FINDINGS ON RADIOLOGICAL AND
           OTHER EXAMINATION OF LUNG FIELD
794.2      NONSPECIFIC ABNORMAL RESULTS OF FUNCTION STUDY OF
           PULMONARY SYSTEM
799.0      ASPHYXIA
799.1      RESPIRATORY ARREST
 860.0 -
 862.9
 987.0 -
 987.9
 V42.6        LUNG REPLACED BY TRANSPLANT
 V44.0        TRACHEOSTOMY STATUS
 V46.11       DEPENDENCE ON RESPIRATOR, STATUS
 V46.12       ENCOUNTER FOR RESPIRATOR DEPENDENCE DURING POWER
              FAILURE
 V55.0        ATTENTION TO TRACHEOSTOMY


A physician order for all respiratory therapy intervention/service must be recorded in the
patient’s medical record. The order must clearly indicate the evaluation or treatment to be
performed, the specific modality and duration of all aspects of the treatment, including
frequency of monitoring.

Documentation by the physician must indicate the cardiopulmonary diagnosis supporting
the medical necessity of the service.

Documentation must be present in the respiratory services records to show:

           o The plan of treatment and progress toward measurable goals.

           o That the care rendered was appropriately delivered by a qualified
             practitioner. As previously noted, the above services may be performed by
             respiratory therapists, nurses, and other qualified personnel.

Other qualified personnel may include physical therapists and occupational therapists.
Therapeutic procedures whose principal aim is to treat a respiratory impairment should be
identified using the G0237 - G0239 series of codes. CPT codes 97000 to 97799 are not to
be billed by professionals involved in treating respiratory conditions, unless these
services are delivered by physical or occupational therapists and meet the other
requirements for physical and occupational therapy services. Please see Palmetto GBA
physical and occupational therapy LCDs at http://www.PalmettoGBA.com.

				
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Description: Local Coverage Determination pneumonia