Residential Treatment For Behavior Disorder

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					                             Residential Treatment For Behavior Disorder

Residential treatment is usually considered a mode of intervention for severe behavior problems.
The problems may be so difficult to treat that working with the youths on an outpatient basis does
not provide enough contact or control. Also, there may be a concern that children may harm
themselves or others and, therefore, that closer supervision is necessary. The child may also be
removed from the home because circumstances there are highly problematic, suggesting that
successful interventions could not be achieved at home. Unfortunately, the lack of availability of
alternative placements can result in children being institutionalized when interventions in less
restrictive environments, like group or foster homes, might be successful. On the other hand,
treatment in residential settings is often undertaken when other modes of intervention have not
proven successful.

Residential treatment may occur in group homes, child psychiatry units in medical hospitals, units in
non medical settings, and in juvenile facilities that are part of the legal/Judicial system. Treatment in
such settings usually involves a variety of services including therapeutic, educational, and vocational
interventions. Because programs differ so much in what the actual content is, they have been
difficult to evaluate, and therefore we know less than we would like about their effectiveness (cf.
Kazdin, 1985).

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