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					                    Health and Safety Policy and Procedures




At St Nicholas CEVC Infant school we create a caring, safe and happy environment
   in which quality learning and teaching takes place, so that children develop,
                      progress and achieve their full potential.


                             Safeguarding Children

St Nicholas Infant School is committed to safeguarding children and young people
          and expects all staff and volunteers to share this commitment




                                       1
                              St Nicholas CEVC Infant School
                                  Health and Safety Policy

                            SECTION A       STATEMENT OF INTENT


1.1   It is and will remain a commitment of St Nicholas CEVC Infant School under the Health and
      Safety at Work Regulations 1992, to conduct its activities in such a manner as to prevent
      adverse effect on the Environment and the Health, Safety and Welfare of Staff, Pupils and
      others as far as reasonably practicable, in particular:


1.2   To maintain the school in a condition that is safe and without risk to health, with safe means
      of access and egress.


1.3   To provide and maintain a safe working environment for staff and pupils without risk to
      health with adequate facilities and arrangements for their welfare at school.


1.4   To provide a safe and healthy environment for visitors


1.5   To provide plant and equipment that are safe, without risk and are adequately maintained.


1.6   To provide staff and pupils information, training and supervision as is necessary to promote
      health and safety.


1.7   To ensure the use, handling, storage and transportation of articles and substances are safe
      and without risk.


1.8   To carry out risk assessment and continuous monitoring to ascertain potential risk to health
       and safety.




                              SECTION B         ORGANISATION

Governing Bodies Roles and Responsibilities


1.    The School Governing Body is accountable and responsible for ensuring:

      1.1    That arrangements exist for the school to comply with its Health and safety
             responsibilities.

      1.2    That the School Management Team adopts reviews periodically and amends, as
             appropriate, the School Health and Safety Policy.


                                                 2
           1.3    That adequate funds and materials required to meet all statutory and Council‟s
                  Health and Safety requirements are budgeted for.

           1.4    That periodic monitoring inspections are carried out to maintain and enhance the
                  school safety performance.

           1.5    The effectiveness of the policy is periodically appraised and any necessary changes
                  made.

           1.6    They take a direct interest in the policy and publicly support all those carrying it out.

           1.7    That information regarding the school health and safety policy is available to parents
                  any other person who requests it, taking into account the Freedom of Information
                  Act.


Head Teachers Roles and Responsibilities

2.         The Head Teacher is accountable to the Governing Body for implementing and monitoring
           the Schools Health and Safety Policy by:

     2.1          Ensuring that responsibility is assigned and accepted at all subordinate levels.

     2.2          Taking day to day responsibility for all health and safety matters in school.

     2.3          Liaising with school governing bodies and Medway council on policy issues.

     2.4          Ensuring that staff have sufficient information, instruction, training and supervision to
                  enable them to comply with departmental safe systems of work, established rules
                  and working practices.

2.         continued:

           The Head Teacher is accountable for implementing the schools health and safety policy

     2.5          Ensuring that where unsafe working practices or unsafe conditions are identified
                  then remedial measures to eliminate or reduce the hazards are introduced.

     2.6          Ensuring that safe systems of work are being adhered to all operational areas.

     2.7          Ensuring that temporary or new staff are fully instructed on all aspects of safe
                  working within their area of control and that all staff are regularly refreshed in the
                  school health and safety procedures.

     2.8          Ensuring that all accidents, incidents and near misses are fully investigated,
                  recorded, reported and remedial action implemented.


   2.9             Ensuring that procedures for first aid and fire safety are understood and
implemented

Staff Responsibilities

3.         Members of staff are responsible and accountable to maintain a safe area of work by:

           3.1    Ensuring that classrooms/work areas are safe.



                                                       3
         3.2    Ensuring that all equipment and material are safe before use.

         3.3    Ensuring safe procedures are followed.

         3.4    Ensuring that protective equipment is used when required.

         3.5    Complying with the schools safety policy at all times.

         3.6    Reporting all health and safety hazards to senior members of staff.

         3.7    All staff have a responsibility to report or make safe hazards, however the following
                staff check the areas below on a regular basis to look for and where possible remove
                hazards:




         Area                                          Name
         Classsrooms                                   Individual Teacher
         Cloakrooms/corridors                          Class teachers
         Library                                       Mr Caruana
         ICT suite                                     Mr Caruana
         Office/Staffroom                              Mrs. Parsons
          P.E. Store                                   Mrs Turner
          Servery                                      Mrs Turner
          Hall                                         Headteacher
          Resources room                               Headteacher
          Caretaker‟s room                             Mr Caruana
          Boiler room                                  Mr Caruana
          Toilets                                      Mrs Slatter
          Playground/ Early years play area            Mr Caruana/Duty team daily, including
                                                        Lunchtime Supervisors

Trade Union Representatives Responsibilities

4.       Trade Union Representatives are appointed by their Trade Unions or elected by their
         colleagues to develop (together with the School Management Team) safe working practices
         and to promote and monitor these measures to ensure their effectiveness. Their role
         encompasses the investigation of health and safety related complaints and identification and
         reporting on all matters relating to health and safety in schools.

Pupils Responsibilities.

     5   Pupils have a duty to take reasonable care of themselves and others and
         to co-operate in the implementation of the School Health and Safety Policy by:


         5.1 Complying with the schools safety rules and requirements at all times.


         5.2 Complying with safety instructions given by members of staff.


         5.3 Wearing the protective equipment provided and making proper use of safety devices at
             all times.


         5.4 Reporting all safety hazards to members of staff.

                                                   4
       5.5 Reporting all accidents, incidents and near misses to members of staff


                              SECTION C         ARRANGEMENTS



General Practices Applying to all Staff, Pupils and Visitors and School Specific Arrangements

Page           6             First Aid Arrangements
               7             Accident Reporting and Recording Procedures
               9             Illness
              10             Administration of Medicines/Medical Treatment to Pupils
              11             Asthma Policy
              11             Sun Protection Policy
              12             Blood Spillage Procedure
              12             Stress
              13             Fire procedures
              14             Bomb Alert Procedures
              15             Risk Management Procedures
              17             Manual Handling Arrangements
              19             Playground Safety
              20             Safety in PE and Games
              21             The Working Environment
              23             Lone Working Procedures
              24             On site vehicle movements
              24             Control and Monitoring of Contractors
              24             Plant and Equipment Safety
              25             Dangerous Substances (COSHH Regs)
              26             Display Screen Equipment
              27             Statement on smoking
              28             School Security Strategy
              28             Severe Weather
              29             Disaster Contingency Plan




Appendices

Appendix 1                  Policy and Procedures for Off-site Educational Visits
Appendix 2                  Corporate Policy for Managing Workplace Stress




                                                 5
                                       First Aid Arrangements

Introduction


The school is committed to ensuring procedures are in place and implemented to enable suitable
first aid treatment to be administered in the event of an accident.


Responsibilities
There will always be qualified First Aiders on the school premises

First Aid administration   (1)         -       Mrs C. Parsons
                                       -       Mrs M. Wells
                                       -       Mrs P. Jennings

First Aid administration (2)           -       Other staff with first aid qualification

First Aid training provision           -       Health and Safety Co-ordinator

First Aid advice                       -       Mrs C. Parsons
First Aid boxes/supplies               -       Mrs C. Parsons

Lists of First Aiders are kept by the First Aid box in the office. First Aid boxes are available in each
classroom.


Procedures

Minor injuries are treated - cleaned and cold compress applied if necessary

Serious injuries are treated immediately while the most senior qualified person is summoned, an
ambulance is called and the parent is contacted.

First aid records

Minor injuries are recorded in a daily accident book located in the office. It is the responsibility of
the person administering first aid to ensure that the record is completed. Where the injury is more
severe or when the injured party is referred to a doctor or hospital the SHE 2000 reporting system is
used.

Injuries to the head and other injuries that may need follow-up treatment are reported to the parent
by a written notice and verbally wherever possible.


Educational Visits

Policy and Procedures for Off-site Educational Visits gives details of first aid arrangements for
taking pupils off the school site. A qualified first aider will attend each visit




                                                    6
                           Accident Reporting and Recording Procedures

Introduction

The school is committed to ensuring that procedures are in place for the recording and reporting of
accidents in order that the legal requirements of the Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous
Occurrences Regulations (RIDOR) 1985 are met. Records of less serious accidents or near misses
will enable action to be taken to reduce the potential risk of injury in the future.

Responsibilities

Minor accidents and near misses       -       The person administering first aid,
                                              the staff member involved or who becomes
                                              immediately aware of an incident is responsible for
                                              reporting to the Headteacher. The Headteacher then
                                              decides on the correct course of action.

Major accidents                       -       The Headteacher is responsible for
                                              ensuring that all accidents are reported to the Support
                                              Services section of the Education department using the
                                              SHE 2000 system. The Headteacher is responsible for
                                              telephoning the Health and Safety Executive (HSE)
                                              where necessary
Procedures

Staff accidents

Any accidents to a member of staff resulting in a fatal or major injury * must be reported to the HSE
immediately by telephone by the Headteacher (or person in charge of the premises at the time of
the incident) the details will be confirmed on Form D2508 within 10 days.

If the accident does not result in a fatal or major injury *, but the member of staff is subsequently
unable to carry out their work for more than 3 working days (excluding the day of the accident).
Form F2508 will be completed and sent to the HSE within 10 days of the accident.

Pupil accidents (and any visitors not at work):

Fatal and major injuries* to pupils (or visitors) on school premises during school hours will be
reported in the same way as those to members of staff. Injuries during play activities in the
playgrounds resulting from collisions, slips and falls will not be reported to HSE unless they are
attributable to:-
                        The condition of the premises (eg potholes, ice, damaged or worn steps,
                           etc) ; or

                          Plant or equipment on the school premises; or

                          Lack of proper supervision

Training

The Headteacher is responsible for ensuring that the staff are trained in procedures for the
recording and reporting of accidents and near misses. Guidance for staff is included in the Staff
Handbook.



                                                    7
Definitions of major injuries, dangerous occurrences and diseases

Reportable (by telephone) major injuries are:

          Fracture other than to fingers, thumbs or toes;
          Amputation;
          Dislocation of the shoulder, hip, knee or spine;
          Loss of sight (temporary or permanent)
          Chemical or hot metal burn to the eye or any penetrating injury to the eye
          Injury resulting from an electric shock or electrical burn leading to unconsciousness; or
           requiring resuscitation, or requiring admittance to hospital for more than 24 hours.
          unconsciousness caused by asphyxia or exposure to harmful substance or biological
           agent;
          acute illness requiring medical treatment, or loss of consciousness arising from
           absorption of any substance by inhalation, ingestion or through the skin.
          Acute illness requiring medical treatment where there is reason to believe that this
           resulted from exposure to a biological agent or its toxins or infected material.

Reportable diseases include:

   certain poisonings.
   Some skin diseases such as occupational dermatitis, skin cancer, chrome ulcer, oil
    folliculitis/acne;
   Lung diseases including occupational asthma, farmer‟s lung, pneumoconiosis, asbestosis,
    mesothelioma;
   Infections such as leptospirosis; hepatitis; tuberculosis; anthrax; legionellosis and tetanus;
   Other conditions such as; occupational cancer, certain musculoskeletal disorders;
    decompression illness and hand-arm vibration syndrome.




                                                   8
                                                Illness


General Procedures

Any child who appears to be unwell and who should not be in class is taken to the Office. The
office staff will supervise the child until the parent or carer has been contacted and arrives to take
the child home.

A list of common illnesses is kept in the Office and this will be referred to when deciding whether or
not to notify the parent or carer. This can also be used to give advice to concerned parents over
attendance matters.

Should further advice be needed, the secretary will contact the School Health Service or
Environmental Health Department.

Sickness

In the case of a child being sick, a member of the Office Staff should be sent for and the vomit
covered with sweeping powder. This will be found:

    in the caretaker‟s room
    Under the sink in each classroom
The caretaker is responsible for keeping these boxes filled.



Headlice

Where possible parents are shown a video made by the Public Health Medicine Environmental
Group and are given advice to check hair weekly and treat according to the current advice. If staff
notice that a child has head lice the parents will be asked to collect the child and take him/her home
to treat the condition. Notes are not sent to the whole class. Parents are reminded of the policy in
newsletters and by reminders on the notice boards.




                                                   9
                  Administration of Medicines/Medical Treatment to Pupils
         (See Separate Policy for Supporting Pupils with Special Medical Needs in School)

Introduction

There are two main sets of circumstances in which requests to administer medicines will be
considered:

       a) Cases of chronic illness or long term complaints such as asthma, diabetes or epilepsy.

       b) cases where children recovering from a short term illness are well enough to return to
          school but are receiving a course of antibiotics, cough medicine etc

wherever possible the parent will be encouraged to administer the medicine. This could be:

       a)      by the child going home during a break
       b)      by the parent visiting the school
       c)      before and after school

Procedures

   The parent will bring the medication to the office, it must be clearly labelled with the child‟s
    name and dosage. It will be stored in a locked cupboard in the office.

   A written consent form will be completed and signed by the parent.

   The medication will be administered by Mrs Parsons or in her absence Mrs Hutton.

   Before the child is given the dosage the consent form is rechecked and compared to the label
    on the medication. The child is asked to state clearly his/her name. The record sheet is then
    signed.

   Where a child has an identified medical condition this will be made known to the staff. The
    name of the child will be clearly displayed on the accident book along with details of required
    action.

   The names of children who suffer from asthma are displayed in the office and in class registers.
    Inhalers and pumps are kept in the office, in severe cases of asthma, pumps are kept in
    classrooms in a locked cupboard. (A separate asthma policy follows)

   No sun protection cream is applied (See separate policy)




                                                    10
                                         Asthma Policy

Actions
If an asthmatic pupil becomes breathless and wheezy or coughs continually:
     Keep calm
     Let the pupil sit down in the position they find comfortable. Do not make them lie down.
     Give the pupil their inhaler.
     After 5 to 10 minutes, the pupil can go back to what they are doing if the symptoms have
        disappeared.
     If necessary, a second dose can be given if the symptoms have not completely
        disappeared, but the parents must be called if this happens.
     If the two doses do not have any effect, follow the procedures for severe asthma attack.

Severe Asthma Attack
ANY of the following signs mean it is severe:
                Above treatment has no effect
                Pupil is so breathless he/she is unable to talk
                Pulse rate 120 per minute or above
                Rapid breathing of 30 breaths a minute or more

Procedure to follow:
              Call an ambulance
              Contact parent or emergency contact
              Keep using inhaler every 5 to 10 minutes until an ambulance arrives
              Allocate a member of staff to go with child if parents do not arrive

Inhalers in School
Where a child has been diagnosed as asthmatic an inhaler is issued. Parents are advised by
school to obtain an additional inhaler to be kept at school. Inhalers should be clearly named. They
are kept in the office and are available at all times. They should be sent home for holiday periods
so that parents can check the use by dates and replace if necessary.


                                     Sun Protection Policy

      Parents are reminded during the Summer through newsletters to listen to news briefing with
       reference to the strength of the sun and to apply cream to children before school (factor
       22+)

      Parents are advised to provide hats to shade faces and necks.

      Teachers warn children of the dangers of excessive exposure to sun and encourage a
       sensible attitude to time spent in the sun.

      Shady areas are provided for children to sit under during lunchtime playtime.

      During very hot lunchtimes children may be kept indoors.

      Parents are advised of occasions when children will be outside for longer than usual and are
       encouraged to ensure their children are properly equipped for this.

      As a school we monitor the time spent outside during the school day.


                                                11
       No member of staff is allowed to apply sun protection cream.
                                   Blood Spillage Procedure

Introduction

The aim is to prevent or reduce the risk of any person having contact with blood, thereby preventing
the risk of infection.

Procedures
A     The first priority is to deal with the person who is bleeding according to the following
      procedure:
       Wherever possible the patient should be asked to help with his/her own treatment ie to
         apply pressure to the wound or to hold a cotton wool pad.
       Disposable gloves should be worn where a first aider has to treat a wound.
       Soiled dressings and gloves will be placed in a plastic bag which will then be sealed
         before disposal.

B       Where blood has been spilled onto a surface:
         Disposable gloves, apron or other protective clothing must be worn.
         The area will be thoroughly washed and disinfected.
         All cloths used will be disposed of by placing in a bag which is then sealed.



                                               Stress

It is acknowledged that staff may suffer from work related stress at some time. A Risk Assessment
for Workplace stress has been conducted and a separate Corporate Policy for Managing Workplace
Stress has been adopted as the School policy. (See appendix 2)

Symptoms may include
 Fatigue
 Headaches or similar illness
 Anxiety
 Emotional outbursts


Reducing the risk of stress occurring
 Opportunities are given for staff to discuss their role, feelings and personal concerns in a non-
   threatening, supportive meeting, as part of an annual performance review and also at anytime
   on the request of the staff member.
 Where possible new tasks are talked through with support given to staff by the Head or Deputy
   Headteacher.
 Staff will not be asked by the school to complete unnecessary paperwork.
 A system for reporting complaints and incidents between children, parents and staff is in place
   and known by all.
 A room is provided where staff can relax away from the children.


Dealing with stress
 Staff are informed of the signs and symptoms of stress and are given advice on dealing with
   stress through Health and Safety training.
 Staff showing signs of stress will be approached and offered an opportunity to discuss their
   problems.



                                                 12
    Staff have access to counselling services such as Teacher line. Telephone numbers are
     displayed in the staff room.



                                              Fire Procedure

Fire call points are situated:

        1.     By main entrance door
        2.     By boy‟s toilet door
        3.     In caretaker‟s room beside old front door
        4.     In Library
        5.     By fire exit door in hall left
        6.     By fire exit door in hall right
        7.     By Jungle class fire exit

The fire alarms are tested weekly at 8am on a Tuesday morning. Different call points are recorded
in the Fire Safety Book

Fire extinguishers are situated:

        By main entrance door
        In staff room
        By front door in Ocean Class
        By play area door in Forest Class
        In main corridor
        In the servery
        In the hall

Fire drills:

a)      Every member of Staff must be familiar with drill procedure, this is displayed in every room
b)      Fire drills are held twice a term, one is used for a training and the other unannounced‟
c)      On hearing the fire bell, classes vacate their rooms and assemble on the field. Support staff
        should ensure lights are switched off, windows and doors closed.
d)      Alternative routes are clearly designated. Where alternative routes are taken to leave the
        building those concerned should proceed to the assembly point via the external paths
e)      Everyone in school must respond to the fire bell
f)      Children should evacuate and line up in silence

Responsibilities



     a) The Secretary (or in her absence the Admin assistant) is responsible for telephoning the
        Fire Brigade and taking the registers to the assembly point to be checked.
     b) The Caretaker checks fire alarms and replacement of fire fighting equipment each month.
        He is responsible on a weekly basis for checking that fire doors are in good repair and kept
        clear.
     c) Teachers and Teaching Assistants are responsible for maintaining clear doorways and fire
        exits.
     d) The Headteacher is responsible for ensuring that extinguishers are checked annually and
        that the fire alarm system is maintained and serviced regularly.
     e) The Headteacher is responsible for ensuring that a Fire Risk Assessment is maintained and
        that fire risks are identified and where possible dealt with.




                                                     13
               .CODE OF PRACTICE FOR ACTION RELATED TO BOMB ALERTS

1.     Receipt of Information

       Initial action to be taken in the event of a bomb threat. (Such threats are usually made in
       anonymous telephone calls, but remember they may be received by post or hand.)

       All members of staff must report bomb threats to the Headteacher or Office
       immediately they are received.

       As soon as it is realised that a bomb threat is being made the caller should be allowed
       to FINISH HIS MESSAGE WITHOUT INTERRUPTION. If any response is essential
       as to a statement such as "This is about a bomb, are you listening?" - Keep it to one or
       two words. Whilst the caller talks, get the message EXACTLY and also listen for
       clues to:-

       a)     Caller's sex and approximate age:
       b)     noticeable conditions affecting speech, such as drunkenness, laughter, anger,
              excitement, incoherency;
       c)     peculiarities of speech, such as foreign accent, mispronunciation, speech impediment,
              tone and pitch of voice; and
       d)     background noise audible during the call, such as traffic, music,
              talking, machinery, etc.
       e)     When the caller has given his message, try to keep him in conversation.

The following are key questions and should be asked if possible,

AFTER THE CALLER HAS GIVEN HIS MESSAGE:-
           a) Where is the bomb located?
           b) What time will it explode?
           c) When was it placed?
           d) Why was it placed?
           e) Note the exact time of its receipt.

Write down the message IMMEDIATELY after the call, and report to the Headteacher or Office.

The Police should be informed as soon as possible after receipt of
message. Repeat the message EXACTLY AS YOU RECEIVED IT, then fill
in the other details you were able to get. BE CALM - LISTEN
CAREFULLY - REPORT EXACTLY.


2.     EVACUATION OF PREMISES

       Fire/Bomb Alert evacuations will be rehearsed at least once a term.

       Immediately, on receipt of a threat the building will be evacuated by verbally informing
       the teacher of each class.

       Pupils should be asked to take their bags/personal belongings with them - BUT ONLY
       IF THEY ARE IMMEDIATELY TO HAND AND THEY ARE KNOWN NOT TO HAVE
       BEEN LEFT UNATTENDED.



                                                 14
                                     Risk Management Procedures

Introduction

The aim of risk management is to identify, eliminate or greatly reduce the risks and hazards
associated with the use of school premises by pupils, staff and members of the public.

Risk assessments

        The purpose of risk assessment is to formulate a system of control for hazards associated
         with the daily working environment and working practices.

        Risk assessments should identify all hazards

        Appropriate control measures will be defined.

        The risk assessment process will be documented to enable managerial control


Responsibilities

Risk Management                  -      Mrs Hutton       -     Headteacher
                                        Mrs Griffin      -     Health and Safety Governor
Risk Assessment                  -      Mrs Hutton       -     Headteacher
                                        Mrs Griffin      -     Health and Safety Governor
                                        Mrs Parsons      -     School Secretary

Definitions

Risk                   -         the likelihood of occurrence
Hazard                 -         something with the potential to cause harm

Risks are assessed and graded in accordance with the Medway Safeguard procedures.

Potential Hazards


HAZARD                                               DESCRIPTION

PHYSICAL                   Fire, Electricity, Noise, Vibration, Slips, Trips, Falls, Manual
HAZARDS                    Handling, Machinery, Transport, Awkward/Fixed Postures Lone
                           Working. Poor lighting, and Display Screen Equipment


CHEMICAL                   Dust, mists, fumes gases-Drugs, Asbestos, Solvents, Pesticides
HAZARDS                    Paints, Lead


BIOLOGICAL                 HIV, Tuberculosis, Animal Allergens, Plant Allergens and infectious
HAZARDS                    diseases




                                                    15
PSYCHOLOGICAL          Stress, Bullying, Violence, Work Overload, Long Hours, Shift Work,
HAZARDS                Monotonous Work, Boredom, No/Poor Support, No/Poor
                       Consultation



Action

   Where a risk is identified as being high action will be taken immediately or soon as can be
    arranged.
   Less urgent action will be dealt with in priority order.
   Long term actions will be built into the School Development Plan and budgeted for accordingly.

Procedures

   A generic risk assessment will be carried out once a year.
   The generic risk assessment will cover manual handling, display screen equipment and
    COSHH.
   Extra assessments will be carried out as and when necessary ie if there is a change to normal
    working practice or the school premises that is likely to become a hazard.
   A specific risk assessment for fire will be carried out separately.
   Where hazards are identified action will be taken by following the steps in the flow chart.
   Risk assessments are kept in the office.




                                                16
   Any one exposed to an identified hazard will be informed of the risk assessment and advised
    accordingly.




                                  Manual Handling Arrangements

Definitions

   Manual Handling Operations (MHO) – are the transportation or support of any load by hand or
    bodily force – including lifting, putting down, pushing, pulling, carrying or moving.

   Load – is any item or object that is being transported or supported including the handling of a
    person or an animal

Introduction

   So far as it is reasonably practicable manual handling will be avoided.

   Where a MHO cannot be avoided on assessment will be undertaken and measures will be
    introduced to reduce the risk of injury to the lowest level reasonably practicable. Monitoring will
    then take place with reassessment where necessary.

Handling Procedures


                                                  17
Safe System of Work

All personnel must observe the following Good Handling Practice Instructions when lifting by hand.

(a)   Keep overalls fastened and do not wear loose fitting clothing, chains, watches, etc
(b)   Wear gloves to protect from cuts, scratches or puncture wounds
(c)   Wear safety boots/shores to protect feet from falling objects.
(d)   Do not handle substances unless you have consulted the COSHH assessment.
(e)   Size up the load and check:
                                       -       weight
                                       -       size
                                       -       shape
                                       -       flexibility
                                       -       rigidity

(f) Inspect the area around the object to be moved and the route to be taken for any obstructions or
    hazard.
(g) Inspect the area where the load is to be placed.
(h) Prepare to lift the load
(i) Carry out a trial lift of a few inches if necessary

Kinetic Lifting Method

1        Approach the load in an uprights and relaxed manner, looking down only by lowering the
         head from the neck. DO NOT lean forward from the hips or the small of the back.
         Get as near to the load as possible.

2        Relax the knees slightly and make a good base movement – feet well apart and one foot
         slightly forward of the other so that the load is as near as possible under the crotch. Face
         the direction you intend to travel.

3        Lower the body by bending the legs, not the back.

4        Get the good grip of the load by palm or finger base, not finger tips. Considerable damage
         can be caused by using the sensitive finger tips – continued use of them leads to strained
         fingers and/or strained forearm muscles.

5        Take a deep breath. Look up and keep the chin in whilst straightening the legs. Let the legs
         do the lifting and not the arms while using body weight as a counterbalance.

6        Use the rear foot to thrust off. As the legs straighten pull the load into the abdomen keeping
         the elbows in to the sides.

7        Ensure the load does not restrict your view. Loads which extend to head height and
         obscure vision are highly dangerous both to the carrier and anyone else who happens to be
         near.

         (a)     Lifting and Carrying Smaller Loads – drums, boxes, small cases etc

                 (i)     With legs slightly apart stand close to the load
                 (ii)    Tip the load on edge
                 (iii)   Squat and grasp the load on the opposite sides at bottom and top.
                 (iv)    Stand up keeping the back straight and raising the load – keep arms
                         extended.

         (b)     Indirect Method of Lifting a Sack to the Shoulder


                                                   18
               (i)      Squat with straight back and stand the sack upright
               (ii)      tip the sack over on to it‟s bottom left corner so that it rests
                       against the thigh.
               (iii)    Grasp the sack and rise quickly, keeping the back straight. With
                        the help of the knee, and using the momentum of the swing, lift the sack onto
                        the platform.
               (iv)    Grasp the supported sack around the middle and, assuming a half
                       squatting posture with the back held straight, tip the sack on to
                       the shoulder.
               (v)      Straighten the body, balance the sack on the shoulder, and carry it away


       (c)     Direct Method of Lifting a Sack to the shoulder

               (i)     Straddle the sack.
               (ii)    Squat and grasp the sack.
               (iii)   Rise with a straight back.
               (iv)    Swing the sack to and fro between the legs
               (v)     Stand up and at the same time use the momentum of the swing to lift the
                       sack onto the shoulder

       (d)     Moving and Stacking a Load

               (i)     When moving away with the load the feet and not the spine
               (ii)    When moving keep the load close to the body.
               (iii)   When lifting to a height, do so in two or more stages
               (iv)    Stacking of loads should only be as high as it is possible to go with the
                       elbows still tucked into the sides of the body.
               (v)     When the above height is reached a platform should be used if the stack is to
                       go higher.

       (e)     Setting Down the Load

               (i)      Approach the bench/rack in a relaxed upright position with knees
                       unlocked ready to take up a base movement
               (ii)     Get as near to the bench/rack as possible
               (iii)    Lower the load onto the bench using the legs


                                         Playground Safety

Introduction


It is the aim of St Nicholas School to ensure that the two playground areas are safe places for
children to work and play. We also have a commitment to ensuring the main playground allows
safe access to and egress from the school building.


Responsibilities

   The Headteacher has overall responsibility for the maintenance of playground areas.

   The cleaner in charge is responsible for day to day maintenance such as clearing leaves,
    removing litter, sweeping snow and spreading salt over frosty or icy surfaces.




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    The Early Years teacher has a responsibility to keep the Under 5‟s area free from obstructions
     and to report any damage or maintenance concerns regarding the equipment to the
     Headteacher.

Procedures

1. Playground areas are inspected daily with remedial action taken immediately ie salt on a frosty
   day, removal of glass.

2. Routine sweeping and cleaning of playgrounds is carried out as necessary

3. Playground surfaces and surrounding walls are inspected termly as part of the routine risk
   assessment.

4. Whilst the children are playing the adult on duty closely monitors the children‟s activities in order
   to maintain safety, ensuring that the behaviour policy is enforced

5. Where a stranger is seen in the school grounds he/she will be approached by a member of staff,
   escorted to the office or asked to leave. If the stranger leaves the school grounds this will be
   reported to the Headteacher.

6. When using the Under 5‟s play area children will be supervised by at least one adult. Children
   will be „trained‟ in the correct use of the apparatus.

7. Play equipment will be inspected annually.

8. Accidents occurring in playground areas will be dealt with according to agreed procedures.




                                      Safety in PE and Games


Safety measures are adopted in PE and games lessons in order to make the activity as safe as
possible for participants.


1.      Clothing

        1.1    Children will be asked to change their clothes for PE Shorts and t-shirts will be worn.
        1.2    Clothing should neither be too tight or too baggy.
        1.3    Bare feet are recommended for indoor gymnastics and dance. Plimsolls may be
               worn for specific indoor activity and for all outdoor activity.
        1.4    Jewellery may not be worn. Where there is a religious reason for jewellery being
               worn it must be covered, the parent will be asked to accept responsibility for injury.
        1.5    Children may wear sweatshirts or track suits for lessons outdoors.

2       Use of Apparatus


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      1.1      Children will be taught how to put apparatus out and how to carry it safely.
      1.2      Before children are allowed to use the apparatus Staff must ensure that:
                bolts are secure
                hooks are correctly engaged
                mats are placed correctly where needed
                there is space around equipment large enough for the potential „traffic‟
                any objects in the hall are not likely to be a safety hazard.
      1.3      The teacher must establish and maintain close control of the class. Children must
               work in silence if possible (unless collaborating), in order that safety commands can
               be heard easily.
      1.4      All apparatus will be stored correctly.
      1.5      Large apparatus will be serviced regularly.


2.    Outdoor PE

      2.1      Lessons may only take place outdoors if the weather is suitable- i.e. account must be
               taken of extremes of temperature, slippery surfaces etc.
      2.2      Children must be supervised and in sight of the teacher.
      2.3      Grass and playground areas must be checked for hazards such as glass before
               commencement of activity.




                                  The Working Environment

St Nicholas CEVC Infant School aims to provide and maintain a healthy and safe working
environment for children and staff. This will be achieved by:

           Training staff and children in their responsibilities and informing them of agreed
            procedures.
           Regular inspection and assessment of the premises by Health and Safety
            representatives with follow-up action taken where necessary.
           Strategic planning to eliminate or reduce risks.

1.    Equipment
      1.1   All equipment will be suitable for the user ie, suitable size, weight, and design to age,
            strength and ability.
      1.2   Equipment will be checked regularly with defects reported. Dangerous equipment will
            be removed immediately.

2.    Clothing


                                                 21
     2.1    Clothing worn will be appropriate for the activity undertaken.
     2.2    Children are not allowed to wear jewellery for PE and it is discouraged in school at
            other times.
     2.3    Footwear should be suitable. Children may wear plimsolls for outdoor activities.
     2.4    Overalls are worn when children use paint or PVA glue.

3.   Temperatures
     3.1  Suggested temperatures to be aimed at are:

            16 c          – classrooms
            16 c          – minimum in hall and office
            43 c or below – hot water

     3.2    Individual room temperatures can be regulated using thermostats.
     3.3    Adequate ventilation is provided.

4.   Use of Tools

     4.1    Children will be taught to use and carry tools such as scissors, hammer and saw
            safely.
     4.2    Whilst using tools there will be an adequate level of adult supervision.
     4.3    Tools other than scissors will be stored adequately and children will not have
            independent access to them.

5.   Working with food

     5.1    Basic hygiene rules will be followed ie overalls worn, hair tied back, hands washed,
            table covered.
     5.2    Equipment used will be clean and free from defects. At the end of the activity
            equipment will be cleaned and stored correctly.
     5.3    Parental permission will be obtained where children are to be working with food
            substances.
     5.4    Adults only have the use of the cooker. Before switching the cooker on it will be
            checked to ensure clear surfaces etc. An oven glove or cloth will be used when
            handling equipment.
     5.5    Foodstuffs will be covered and stored correctly.


6.   Spaces

     6.1    It is important that floors are kept free from objects such as bags.
     6.2    Doorways will be kept clear on both sides.
     6.3    Corridors and cloakrooms will be kept clear with coats, overalls, hats etc being
            placed on hooks.
     6.4    Care will be taken with the positioning of tables and chairs in order that there is easy
            access to them.
     6.5    Wires are placed where they will not be a tripping hazard.

7.   Facilities

     7.1    Toilets are provided for boys, girls and staff. These are cleaned daily.
     7.2    A staff room is provided as a place to rest and where meals can be taken.

8.   The Safe Classroom
     8.1   All teachers are responsible for safety in their designated areas.
     8.2   Any unsafe equipment or furniture should be made safe or reported to the
           Office/Caretaker for full repair or removal.
     8.3   All equipment should be stored safely and floor space should not be cluttered.

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       8.4     Classroom rules, as laid out in the Behaviour policy should be observed.
       8.5     Children must be supervised at all times.
       8.6     Children should be trained in the safe use of equipment.

9.     Servery
       9.1   Only personnel authorised by the catering firm or the school will be allowed in the
             servery
       9.2   Anyone using the servery must adhere to the rules laid down by the catering firm and
             Medway Council.
       9.3    Servery appliances will be serviced regularly in accordance with LEA policy.

10.    Violence

       10.1    No act of violence on the premises will be tolerated and any act of violence must be
               reported to the Office or directly to the Headteacher.
       10.2    Violence includes physical or verbal aggression, racial or sexual harassment.
       10.3    Anyone behaving violently will be asked to leave the premises and the police will be
               contacted.

11.    Banking
       11.1 Only small amounts of cash are kept on the premises. Cash is taken to the bank
             regularly.
       11.2 Bank runs occur at different times and on different days.


12.     Legionella

        12.1   The water systems are monitored for risk by the Caretaker and the Health and
               Safety Committee according to the Approved Code of Practice for prevention of this
               Infection.

13.     Animals

        13.1   Animals are not kept in school.
        13.2   When animals are brought into school for topic work a risk assessment is carried
               out and due consideration to good health is made before permission is given.


14.     Slips and Trips

        14.1 All floors should be kept clear of obstructions.
        14.2 Any defects are to be reported to the Office as soon as they are noticed.
        14.3 Signs should be placed to warn of wet floors.
        14.4 Spillages should be dealt with immediately according to correct practice for the type
             of spill.
        14.5 Every effort should be made to reduce risk of ice or leaves causing slips.
        14.6 The site of all trips must be reported to the Office.




                                    Lone Working Procedures

Where a staff member is working alone the following procedures will be adopted.



                                                 23
1. External doors to be locked. Keys to be carried by the worker.


2. A mobile or cordless telephone is to be carried whilst working, as a two way means of
   communication.


3. Work involving use of a ladder above 3 foot may not be carried out.


4. Protective clothing and correct equipment must be used where necessary.


5. Staff will endeavour to use safe systems of work.


6. Work identified as high risk may not be carried out.


7. Procedures for manual handling and COSHH will be followed.


8. Accidents, near misses or other serious incidents must be reported.




                                   On Site Vehicle Movements


          Vehicular access to the school site is restricted to staff, visitors and delivery vehicles.

          In order to help protect the safety of pedestrians pathways are provided. The main
           school gates are closed from 8.45 to 9.05 am and from 3.00 to 3.20 pm.

          Where possible staff park in marked bays. If all spaces are full vehicles may park in
           positions where others are blocked in but not where they will prevent other vehicles from
           manoeuvring. When cars are parked in this way the Office is notified by the vehicle
           owner.

          Deliveries are requested outside of the school start and end times. Drivers report to the
           Office on arrival.

          Parents are reminded in newsletters that they are not allowed to bring vehicles on site.
           They are also reminded to take care in the area outside the school site.


                                                   24
                           Control and Monitoring of Contractors

Contractors will usually be selected from the Council Approved List, they will be informed of safe
working practice and will have adequate insurance.

   Control and monitoring will follow Medway Council guidelines as described in the Health and
    Safety Policy and Arrangements folder.

   On going risk assessments will be made whilst a contractor is on site.

   Contractors must report to the Office to sign in and receive a copy of “house rules”. They are
    accompanied to the place where they will work and any specific health and safety arrangements
    are discussed and agreed.


                                  Plant and Equipment Safety

1. Access to plant and large equipment is restricted to authorised personnel ie Headteacher,
   Cleaner in Charge.

2. Boiler room is kept locked, entry to authorised personnel only.

3. Maintenance of plant and equipment is carried out at least annually by a trained person.
   Records of service visits are kept.

4. Electrical testing of portable equipment is carried out annually. Appliances are tagged and
   recorded in a log.

5. PE apparatus and outdoor play apparatus are serviced annually by a trained person.

6. Safety signs are clearly displayed.

7. Windows and doors will be glazed with safety glass or laminate which does not splinter.

8. Should asbestos be found in the premises this will be removed or encapsulated in accordance
   with advice from Medway Council, the covered asbestos will be clearly labelled.




          Dangerous Substances (Control of Substances Hazardous to Health)



Introduction

This procedure describes the safe systems of control to be used whilst handling, using or storing
hazardous substances. Where a substance is controlled by specific legislation this is to be used as
the authority for systems of control and safety procedures.



Substances Hazardous to Health



                                                 25
At St Nicholas CEVC Infant School few substances used are defined as hazardous to health.
Procedures will be followed to protect staff, children and visitors from potentially hazardous
substances.

1. New substances will be assessed or checked against the list of hazardous substances held by
   Medway Council‟s Health and Safety Co-ordinator.
2. Use of substances with potential to cause harm will be strictly controlled.
3. Substances will be stored in a locked metal cupboard with a sign identifying the dangerous
   contents.


Maintenance and retention of records

   A COSHH register will be kept giving known details of harmful substances used in school.
   Staff required to work with hazardous substances will be issued with an assessment sheet.
   A record of COSHH training will be kept in the Staff Training Records.
   Records of background exposure and control proving records will be kept for a minimum of 5
    years.


Safe Systems of Work

   Manufacturers instructions will be followed.
   Protective clothing will be worn as necessary.
   Contact with the skin will be avoided.
   Avoid breathing fumes by ensuring adequate ventilation.
   After using the substance thorough washing is advised.
   No smoking is allowed on the school property.
   Substances will not be mixed unless indicated by the manufacturer‟s instructions.
   Spillages will be cleaned in accordance with the manufacturer‟s instructions.
   Waste products will be disposed of according to manufacturer‟s instructions.




                                   Display Screen Equipment


Introduction

The Display Screen Equipment (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations became law in 1992 and
seek to protect users from the risks that equipment such as computers pose to their health and
safety. The Regulations apply to anyone using display screen equipment as a significant part of
their daily work. At Barnsole School this will mainly be office staff, however teachers will need to be
aware of the potential risks to themselves and their pupils, and will need to recognise the signs and
symptoms of related health problems.


The Risks

Three principal risks that can be associated with the use of Display Screen Equipment have been
identified.




                                                  26
Work-Related Upper Limb Disorders

       Caused by poor posture, repetitive use of equipment without breaks or by poor positioning
of work station and chair.

       2.2 Symptoms
        Pains and aches in arms, neck, head.
        Restriction of joint movement and swelling of soft tissues.
        Temporary fatigue, stiffness or soreness of muscles.

       2.3 Reducing the Risk
        Take regular breaks or change of activity.
        Position workstation and seat at correct height with space to enable changes in posture
           – lumbar support, no pressure on knees or thighs
        Position should enable wrists to be straight as possible and forearms horizontal.
        Use of a document holder avoid frequent up and down movements.
        Position screen at eye level
        “Warm up” before working and relax tense muscles by flexing and stretching hands,
           wrists and fingers.

Visual Strain

       Caused by glare or inadequate lighting, shifting gaze from paper to screen or focussing for
       too long on a screen.

       2.1      Symptoms
                 Headaches or dizziness
                 Sore or itchy eyes
                 Blurred vision

       2.2      Reducing the Risk
                 Position screen to reduce glare, keep blinds drawn. (A filter screen will be fitted if
                   necessary)
                 Additional lighting will be provided if needed.
                 Eye tests – the secretary or other assistant regularly using display screen
                   apparatus will have a regular eye test and will be entitled to glasses to wear for
                   work if a problem is found.

Mental Stress

       Caused by repetitive, undemanding jobs, feeling undervalued or bored, or by too high a
       workload.

       3.1      Symptoms
                 Fatigue, headaches or similar illness
                 Anxiety
                 Over reaction, emotional outburst

       3.2      Reducing the Risk
                 Take frequent breaks or change of activity
                 Allow staff member the opportunity to organise the work for themselves.
                 Provide a comfortable working environment which takes account of posture,
                   access etc.




                                                   27
                                    Policy Statement on Smoking



Medway Council and the Governing Body recognises its duty to provide its employees and pupils
with a safe and healthy working environment. They also acknowledge the significant evidence of
the effects of smoking and passive smoking on health.


In recognition of the above the school premises are declared a NON-SMOKING zone. The only
exception is for community events when smoking is allowed in the grounds but away from the main
function.


        Parents are made aware that smoking is not allowed on the playground or in the school
        buildings through the school prospectus, initial parent‟s meeting and by no smoking signs
        which are displayed at the entrances to the school.




                                       School Security Strategy

Introduction

The aim of this security strategy is to make the school and its grounds secure, by restricting access
to those with a legitimate purpose for being there.


Maintaining a secure school

1. All visitors to the site will be required to report to the office on arrival.

2. Visitors must sign the visitor‟s book and wear a visitor‟s badge. They must sign out on leaving
   the site.

3. Adults will stop any unidentified visitor to the site and escort him/her to the office.

4. School staff, visiting governors and helping parents will wear identification badges.


                                                      28
5. Perimeter fencing and gates will be inspected regularly and damage reported and repairs made.

6. All incidences of vandalism will be recorded and reported to the Insurance section.

7. Any suspicious occurrences will be reported to the Headteacher who will then decide if further
   action needs to be taken.

8. Everyone is responsible for their own safety and that of their own belongings. A lockable
   cupboard is available in every classroom for staff use. Visitors may arrange to leave valuables
   with the Office staff.

9. Door security codes are only given to employees which include supply teachers and teaching
   practice students by office staff or teachers.



                                          Severe Weather

Introduction
It is the aim of St Nicholas CEVC Infant School to keep the school open unless doing so would be
harmful to the health and safety of pupils, staff and parents.

   1. In the event of severe weather the local radio stations give parents information about school
      closure.

   2. School will remain open except in the most severe conditions and there will always be staff
      on hand to deal with any difficulties on the day.

   3. Parents are reminded that children should report to school and should not turn back if told
      by others that school is closed.

   4. A decision to close the school can only be made by the most senior member of staff and will
      follow LEA guidelines.

   5. School will close if there is a lack of water, adequate heating, supervision, dining facilities or
      similar necessary provision.


                                       Disaster Contingency Plan


       In the event of a major disaster a separate contingency plan is being developed during
       2005. However, in the interim the following procedure will be adopted:


              Obtain factual information immediately and keep this updated.
              Senior management will meet with support personnel from the LEA.
              Establish an intervention team.
              Contact families. Use one phone for regular business, one for contact related to the
               disaster.
              Call a staff meeting to give information.
              Inform pupils in small groups.
              Arrange a debriefing meeting for staff involved in the disaster.
              Identify high risk pupils and staff.
              Promote discussion in classes.


                                                  29
      Identify the need for group or individual treatment.
      Organise treatment as required.




Health and Safety Policy written by Mrs AM Hutton
Policy reviewed November 2004
Review Date November 2005
Policy reviewed and approved by Governors February 2005
Policy reviewed and approved by Governors February 2006
Review Date February 2007




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