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					                                  MCCAIN AND CRIME

   McCain Voted Against the Landmark $30.2 Billion 1994 Crime Bill.
   McCain Opposed Extending the 1994 Ban on Assault Weapons.
   McCain Voted For Corporate Tax Breaks Instead of Funding for COPS.
   McCain Voted Against Violence Against Women Act.

ON THE CAMPAIGN TRAIL
McCain Touts His Legislative Record On Crime. At a speech to the National Sheriffs‘ Association,
McCain said, ―During both Republican and Democratic administrations, Congress continued to supply
states and localities with new resources. Under legislation I've supported, we‘ve also sought to increase
penalties for repeat felons who commit crimes with a firearm, or commit violent crimes on behalf of a
criminal gang. We‘ve worked to improve the National Instant Criminal Background Check System that
applies to firearms purchases. And we have sought to increase the fines criminals must pay into the
Federal Crime Victims Fund and bar all criminals, all criminals from profiting from their crimes. We
also expanded public registry requirements for convicted sex offenders because to prevent and punish
the exploitation of children, the surest policy is zero-tolerance.‖ [CNN Live Feed, Speech
(Indianapolis, IN), 7/1/2008]

HATE CRIMES
McCain Voted Against Expanding Federal Hate Crimes Legislation. In 2004, McCain opposed an
amendment to broaden the categories covered by hate crimes to include crimes motivated by the
victim‘s gender, sexual orientation or disability. [2004 Senate Vote #114, 6/15/2004, McCain: N]

McCain Voted Against Strengthening and Expanding Hate Crimes Legislation To Include
Gender and Sexual Orientation. In 2002, McCain voted against a bill to broaden the definition of
hate crimes to include those based on gender, sexual orientation, and disability. The legislation also
included funds for state and local law enforcement to help prevent and fight hate crimes. [2002 Senate
Vote #147, 6/11/2002, McCain: N]

McCain Voted Against Broadening Hate Crimes Legislation To Include Gender and Sexual
Orientation. In 2000, McCain voted against expanding crimes considered hate crimes to include
those motivated by gender, sexual orientation and disability. It would also authorize funds to assist
prosecution and prevention of these crimes and make it easier for the federal government to intervene.
[2000 Senate Vote #136, 6/20/2000, McCain: N]

1994 CRIME BILL
McCain Voted Against the Landmark $30.2 Billion 1994 Crime Bill. In 1994, McCain voted
against the Crime Bill which has authorized $30.2 billion over six years for crime related programs,
including the hiring of additional police officers, prison building, helping communities prevent crime,
and an assault weapons ban. McCain also voted against invoking cloture on the bill and against waving
the budget act to consider the bill. McCain: N [1994 Senate Vote #295, 8/25/1994; 1994 Senate Vote
#294, 8/25/1994; 1994 Senate Vote #293, 8/25/1994]

       Important Provisions Of the Crime Bill Included:


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            100,000 New Police Officers. The bill authorized $8.8 billion in funding to help
             communities hire 100,000 new police officers.
            Prison Construction. The bill included $7.9 billion in state construction grants for
             prisons and boot camps. $1.8 billion was authorized to reimburse states for costs
             associated with the incarceration of illegal aliens who commit crimes.
            Crime Prevention Programs. The bill authorized $6.9 billion for programs aimed at
             preventing crime, such as grants for needy communities. The programs also included
             the important Violence Against Women Act, ―which increases penalties for sex crimes,
             keeps embarrassing inquiries into a woman‘s sexual history out of a trial and creates
             federal penalties for spouse abusers crossing state lines.‖ Also included was $1 billion
             for drug courts. [AP, 8/26/1994]
            Assault Weapons Ban. The Crime Bill also banned 19 types of guns and ammunition-
             feeding devices.
            Death Penalty. The bill expanded the death penalty to included new federal crimes.
            Three Strikes. This provision mandated life sentences for a third violent felony.
            Juveniles. The crime bill allowed offenders age 13 and older to be tried as adults for
             some violent crimes and those involving the use of a gun. [1994 CQ Almanac, p. 274,
             287]

McCain Said The Crime Bill Was “Ineffective” and “Ill-Conceived.” McCain repeatedly criticized
the 1994 crime bill, calling it ―an ineffective, ill-conceived and pork-laden piece of legislation.‖ He
said he voted against final passage of the bill because of ―the unfair allocation formulas and excessive
spending that were added to the bill in conference and the weakening in conference of the tough
law-enforcement provisions that were included in the original bill adopted by the Senate.‖ [Arizona
Republic, 8/26/1994]

McCain Called Crime Bill “Smoke And Mirrors.” In 1993, McCain argued that many provisions in
the Crime Bill were ―demagogic, smoke and mirrors.‖ [Associated Press, 11/22/1993]

But The Crime Bill Has Actually Help Lead The County To Record Crime Lows.

       Late 1990s Saw Dramatic Drop In Many Areas Of Crime. In 2001, the overall crime rate
       was at its lowest in 25 years. In addition, violent crime fell 7 percent in 1999 and 27 percent
       since 1993. From 1993 to 2001, the murder rate fell more than 25 percent, marking its lowest
       point since 1967. Gun violence also declined 40 percent in the 1990s. [Bureau of Justice
       Statistics, 1998 National Crime Victimization Survey; Federal Bureau of Investigation,
       Uniform Crime Reports for the United States 1998, 1999; FY 2001 Budget, p. 107]

       The Crime Act Helped Expand The Number Of Drug Courts, Which Help To Reduce
       Future Drug Use and Recidivism. The 1994 Crime Bill helped to expand the number of drug
       courts, from around 12 in 1994 to 416 in 1999. [Office of National Drug Policy, FY 2001
       Budget Summary; Office of National Drug Policy, 2000 Annual Report, p. 62; Federal Bureau
       of Prisons Report to Congress, 1/99]

       Brady Center: Assault Weapons Ban Led To Drop In Use Of Those Guns In Commission
       of Crimes. A 2004 study by the Brady Center to Prevent Gun Violence found that ―in the five
       year period before enactment of the Federal Assault Weapons Act (1990-1994), assault
       weapons constituted 4.82% of the crime gun traces ATF conducted nationwide. Since the
       law‘s enactment, however, these assault weapons have made up only 1.61% of the guns ATF
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       has traced to crime – a drop of 66% from the pre-ban rate. [Brady Center to Prevent Gun
       Violence, ―On Target: The Impact of the 1994 Federal Assault Weapons Act,‖ March 2004]

1992 CRIME BILL
McCain Twice Voted Against 1992 Crime Bill Which Expanded Handgun Control Measures. In
1992, McCain voted twice against invoking cloture on the 1992 Crime Bill, which mandated a five day
waiting period and background check for handgun purchases. The bill also provided additional grants
to state and local law enforcement. [1992 Senate vote #53, 3/19/1992; 1992 Senate vote #262,
10/2/1992]

1991 CRIME BILL
McCain Voted Twice Against 1991 Crime Bill. In 1991, McCain voted against passage and
invoking cloture on the Crime Bill which imposed a waiting period for handgun purchases, banned
nine classifications of assault weapons, broadened the federal death penalty to 51 crimes, restricted
death row inmate appeals, and authorized funds to hire 10,000 new police officers. McCain voted
against the conference report version of the bill as well. McCain: N [1991 Senate Vote #125,
7/11/1991; 1991 Senate Vote #123, 7/10/1991; 1991 Senate Vote #120, 7/10/1991; 1991 Senate Vote
#278, 11/27/1991]

1990 CRIME BILL
McCain Voted Against Expanding the Assault Weapons Ban. In 1990, McCain voted to kill an
amendment that would have added twelve specific assault weapons to the list of nine whose possession
and sale were already banned in the bill. [1990 Senate Vote #102, 5/22/1990]

       McCain Voted To Strike Assault Weapons Ban From Crime Bill. In 1990, McCain voted
       to strike provisions that prohibited for three years making, selling and possessing nine types of
       assault weapons. [1990 Senate Vote #103, 5/23/1990]

SAFE AND DRUG FREE SCHOOLS
McCain Was One of Only 20 Senators To Vote Against Providing $12.7 Billion To Improve
America‟s Schools. In 1994, McCain was one of only 20 senators to vote against reauthorizing a
school improvement bill which provided $12.7 billion to aid the country‘s schools, ―especially those in
impoverished districts…The bill also provided $655 million for safe and drug-free school programs.‖
In addition, the bill cracked down on school violence, by requiring ―local school districts to adopt a
one-year expulsion policy for students who take guns to school.‖ [1994 Senate Vote #321, 10/5/1994;
AP, 10/6/1994; Charleston Gazette, 10/6/1994]

GUNS
Then…
McCain Called for Further Gun Control After Columbine. After the Columbine massacre, Senator
McCain ―reversed himself on a top-tier gun control issue,‖ sponsoring a bill ―to require criminal
background checks on all public firearms sales, including those at gun shows.‖ At the time McCain
said ―Clearly, there were people who were taking advantage of this loophole, and obviously,
Columbine had an effect on me.‖ [Congressional Quarterly Weekly, 9/6/2002]




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McCain Sponsored An Amendment To Require Background Checks at Gun Shows. In 2004,
McCain sponsored an amendment to require instant criminal background checks for all firearm
purchases at gun shows. [2004 Senate Vote #25, 3/2/2004, Clinton: Y]

And Now…
After Virginia Tech Massacre, McCain Said There Should Be No Gun Control. Shortly after the
Virginia Tech Massacre, John McCain took a different position on guns declaring he believes in ―no
gun control.‖ ―He opposed weakening gun rights and, when asked whether ammunition clips sold to
the public should be limited in size, said, ‗I don‘t think that‘s necessary at all.‘‖ [AP, 4/19/2007]

McCain Wants Tough Sentences For Crimes Committed With Weapons, But Still “Strong
Supporter” of Gun Rights. At a campaign event in March 2008, McCain said, ―All I can say is I will
provide whatever support I can to the law enforcement agencies to provide training, equipment, ability
to track down people and frankly, I also support very strongly mandatory sentences for crimes
committed with a weapon. But I am a strong supporter of the second amendment.‖ [CNN Live Feed
(Springfield, PA), 3/14/2008]


McCain Opposed Extending the 1994 Ban on Assault Weapons. In 2004, McCain voted against a
10-year extension of the assault weapons ban, which was set to expire that year. As a Washington Post
editorial the expiration of the assault weapons ban did not please most law enforcement agencies.
―Police officers whose lives are at risk on the streets have repeatedly pointed out that assault weapons
are not useful in hunting or sport. D.C. Police Chief Charles H. Ramsey and more than 70 other police
executives have called on Congress to extend the ban.‖ [2004 Senate Vote #24, 3/2/2004, Clinton: Y;
Washington Post, 9/9/2004]

       FLASHBACK: While Campaigning For the Republican Nomination In 1999, McCain
       Said He Might Be Open to Assault Weapons Ban. In 1999, while campaigning for the
       Republican presidential nomination, McCain ―said he was open to voting for an assault
       weapons ban, depending on the details. ‗I will be willing to consider any reasonable proposal,‘
       he said.‖ [Los Angeles Times, 8/17/1999]

McCain Opposed A Gun Buyback Program To Get Guns Off the Streets. McCain voted against
creating a $15 Buy Back America program, which would allow public housing authorities and local
police forces to undertake gun buy back initiatives. [2001 Senate Vote #267, 8/2/2001, McCain: Y]

McCain Missed A Vote On Reducing Gun Violence In America‟s Schools. McCain missed a vote
on an amendment expressing the sense of the Senate that Congress should implement policies that will
reduce the threat of gun violence in schools before the anniversary of the Columbine tragedy. [2000
Senate Vote #28, 3/2/2000]

McCain Voted to Against Including the Assault Weapons Ban In the 1994 Crime Bill. In 1993,
McCain voted to twice against including the assault weapons ban in the crime bill. The legislation
banned the sale and manufacture of 19 types of assault weapons. [1993 Senate Vote #365, 11/9/1993;
1993 Senate Vote #375, 11/17/1993]

McCain Voted Repeatedly Against Closing Assault Weapon Ban Loophole. In 1998, McCain
voted against closing a ―loophole‖ in the 1994 assault weapons ban in opposing the importation of
large capacity ammunition clips. Due to a loophole in the 1994 law ―clips made before the law's
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enactment continue to be imported.‖ McCain voted against closing the loophole again in 1999. [1998
Senate Vote #240, 7/28/1998; 1999 Senate Vote #116, 5/13/1999; Washington Post, 7/29/1998]

1993: McCain Repeatedly Voted Against Landmark „Brady Bill‟ Aimed At Preventing Handgun
Violence. In 1993, McCain voted against passage of the Brady Bill which implements a five-day
waiting period before an individual could purchase a handgun, allowing time for background checks.
[1993 Senate Vote #394, 11/20/1993; 1993 Senate Vote #387, 11/19/1993; 1993 Senate Vote #390,
11/19/1993]

       Brady Bill Has Prevented Criminals From Obtaining Handguns. Since its implementation,
       the Brady Law has stopped ―over 1.3 million criminals and other prohibited people from
       purchasing firearms from gun dealers.‖ According to the Bureau of Justice Statistics, as of
       2004, since the law took effect, ―more than 53 million applications were checked and
       approximately 1,102,000 were blocked.‖ [Brady Campaign To Prevent Gun Violence Website,
       http://www.bradycampaign.org/issues/gunlaws/bradylaw/ ; Bureau of Justice Statistics Press
       Release, 9/23/2004, http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/pub/press/bcft03pr.htm ]

McCain Voted Against Requiring Criminal Background Checks At Gun Shows. In 1999, McCain
voted against an amendment that would require criminal background checks on all gun sales at gun
shows as well as eliminate the pawn shop loophole, interstate sales loophole, and new immunity for
gun sellers. [1999 Senate Vote #134, 5/20/1999]

NRA Says They Have Long Term Relationship With McCain. In 1999, Bill Powers, director of
public affairs at the National Rifle Association, maintained that ―[McCain is] somebody we‘ve always
had a relationship with.‖ [The New Republic, 5/24/1999]

McCain Voted for NRA Provision Allowing for Only Voluntary Checks. In May 1999, McCain
voted for watered down Republican amendment that made gun show background checks voluntary.
The amendment was introduced by Sen. Larry Craig (R-Idaho), ―a National Rifle Association board
member.‖ According to the Washington Post, the amendment was ―hammered out after meetings with
the NRA and restive Republicans.‖ McCain voted against the stricter amendment that would have
required background checks without loopholes. [1999 Senate Vote #112, 5/12/1999; 1999 Senate Vote
#111, 5/12/1999; Washington Post, 5/14/1999]

McCain Voted For Sham NRA Gun Safety Legislation. In May 1999, McCain voted for a
Republican gun control measure which critics contended was ―riddled with loopholes and concessions
to the gun lobby…McCain admitted that loopholes remain in the legislation.‖ [1999 Senate Vote
#118, 5/14/1999; Boston Globe, 5/15/1999]

The May 1999 votes occurred just one month after the Columbine tragedy.

McCain Voted For Recreational Shooting Program. In 1993, McCain voted to the funds in the
Defense Appropriations bill to subsidize a recreational shooting program. ―The 90-year old program
gives out 40 million rounds and provides firearms for competition each year. Among the beneficiaries
are gun clubs, some of which have ties to the National Rifle Association and the Boy Scouts.‖ Sen.
Frank Lautenberg (D-NJ), an opponent of the measure said, ―We don‘t give children free baseballs.
Why should we give them free bullets.‖ [1993 Senate Vote #325, 10/21/1993; AP, 10/22/1993]



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McCain Voted Against Continued Ban On Interstate Gun Sales And Silencers. In 1986, McCain
voted against an amendment to continue the ban on interstate sales of handguns, bar interstate
transportation of handguns, retain already existing record-keeping requirements, and ban silencers.
McCain also voted to allow the interstate sales of handguns. [1986 House Vote #64, 4/9/1986; 1986
House Vote #68, 4/10/1986]

JUVENILE CRIME
McCain Takes Soft Line On Juvenile Violence. When asked at a campaign event what he would do
to quell teen violence and gangs, McCain answered, ―I‘m going to have to work very hard to make
sure they know that there‘s a better life. . .We‘ve got to have mentors.‖ As the Washington Post
political blog, ―The Trail,‖ notes, McCain ―did not talk the way many Republican candidates do about
the need for a crackdown on gangs, or tough prison sentences or a need to enforce gun laws. . .he
declined to say he would push for tougher drug sentences, saying instead he that ‗we‘ve got to do a
much better job of educating young Americans.‘‖ [Washingtonpost.com, The Trail blog, 6/11/2008,
http://blog.washingtonpost.com/the-trail/2008/06/11/mccain_recommends_mentors_as_g.html ]

McCain Now Says He Supports Rehab For First Time Drug Offenders. At a campaign event in
March 2008, McCain said, ―I think first-time drug offenders, not dealers, I think oughta be given a
chance to rehab. In Arizona we have a program that if you‘re a first-time drug offender, if you go
through a rehab that‘s very long, very intensive, has drug testing along with it, that we oughta give
people that opportunity. But we‘ve got to educate our kids as to the dangers and the evils of the use of
drugs and we probably have to do a better job of it.‖ [CNN Live Feed (Waco, TX), 3/3/2008]

McCain Voted Against Funding For After-School Programs Aimed At Reducing Juvenile Crime.
In 1999, McCain opposed an amendment that would authorize an additional $600 million per year for
4 years for after school programs aimed at reducing juvenile crime and provide an alternative to drug,
alcohol, tobacco and gang activities. [1999 Senate Vote #132, 5/19/1999]

McCain Voted Against Establishing a National Center To Prevent Youth Violence And Make
Schools Safer. In 1999, McCain voted against an amendment that would expand programs aimed at
curbing youth violence including a National Resource Center for School Safety and Youth Violence
Prevention. [1999 Senate Vote #107, 5/11/1999]

McCain Missed Vote On Passage Of Juvenile Crime Bill. In 1999, McCain missed voting on the
passage of the Juvenile Crime bill because he was ―en route to California‖ for a campaign event. The
bill authorized $5 billion to states to reduce juvenile crime and tighten restrictions on guns sales. [AP,
5/22/1999; 1999 Senate Vote #140, 5/20/1999]

McCain Voted Against Strengthening Juvenile Crime Laws. In 1994, McCain voted against
adoption of the 1994 Crime Bill, which contained provisions to allow juveniles 13 or older be tried as
adults for certain crimes, stiffened sentences for gang violence, and authorized funds to help
prosecutors prosecute young violent offenders. The bill also contained prevention programs designed
to stop youth violence before it starts. [1994 CQ Almanac, p. 288; 1994 Senate Vote #295, 8/25/1994]

McCain Voted Against Efforts To Reduce Juvenile Crime. In 1999, McCain voted against an
amendment that would have helped communities add 25,000 new police officers, increased penalties
for drug sales near schools, prohibited the transfer of assault weapons and high-capacity ammunition
clips to juveniles. [1999 Senate Vote #109, 5/12/1999]

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McCain Voted Against Protecting Kids From Guns, Punishing Adults Who Improperly Store
Guns Used By Kids in Crimes. In 1998, McCain voted to kill an amendment to the Fiscal Year 1999
Commerce, Justice, State Appropriations Bill that would have imposed criminal penalties on any adult
who improperly stored a gun which is subsequently used by a child in a crime. This amendment would
have charged gun owners with a penalty of, at most, one year in prison and a $10,000 fine. [1998
Senate Vote #224, 7/22/1998]

McCain Was One of Only 27 Senators To Oppose Federally Criminalize Bringing a Gun Into a
School Zone. McCain was one of only 27 senators to vote against an amendment that made ―it a
federal crime to fire a gun or knowingly bring a gun within 1,000 feet of a school.‖ [1996 Senate Vote
#290, 9/12/1996; Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, 9/14/1996]

MANDATORY SAFETY LOCKS
McCain Voted Against Requiring Safety Locks on Handguns. In 1998, McCain voted against
requiring that all handguns sold in the United States include a child safety lock or lockbox and
provided civil penalties for those who violate the law. ―Statistics from the Centers for Disease Control
and Prevention show that 1.2 million children have access to guns in their homes‖ and ―4 percent of
handgun owners store their weapons loaded and unlocked, according to the National Institutes of
Justice.‖ [1998 Senate Vote #216, 7/21/1998; Associated Press, 7/22/1998]

COPS AND LOCAL LAW ENFORCEMENT
Despite His Votes Against The Byrne Grant Program, McCain Promises To Restore The
Program. At a speech to the National Sheriffs‘ Association, McCain said, ―The Congress, too, needs
to get its priorities straight, and that begins by supporting the priorities of front-line law-enforcement
personnel. As it is, funds distributed by the Department of Justice are too often
earmarked, earmarked according to their value to the re-election of members of Congress instead of
their value to law enforcement. This is especially true, especially true in the case of grants allocated
under the Byrne program -- many of which are urgently needed to interdict drugs and track the
movement of violent gangs. Sheriff, I will move to restore that funding and eliminating the earmarks.‖
[CNN Live Feed, Speech (Indianapolis, IN), 7/1/2008]

McCain Opposed Efforts to Grant Collective Bargaining Rights To Public Safety Officers. Just
two months after the 9-11 attacks, McCain voted against an amendment to provide collective
bargaining rights to public safety officers employed by state and local municipalities, such as police,
firefighters, and rescue workers. Proponents of the measure ―argued that public safety workers had
earned the right to form unions and bargain for better pay with their heroic activities after the terrorist
attacks.‖ The cloture motion fell just 4 votes short, 56-44. [2001 Senate Vote #323, 11/6/2001;
Washington Post, 11/7/2001]

       McCain Missed Vote On Extending Collective Bargaining Rights To Public Safety
       Officers. McCain was too busy campaigning to return to the Senate for a vote invoking cloture
       on legislation ―which would give public safety employees the right to unionize in any
       municipality with a population of more than 5,000.‖ The bill was highly supported by the
       Fraternal Order of Police and the International Association of Fire Fighters. [Congressional
       Quarterly, 5/12/2008; 2008 Senate Vote #126, 5/13/2008]




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McCain Missed Vote on Increasing Funding for Community Oriented Policing. McCain missed a
vote on a $1.2 billion increase in funding for the Community-Oriented Policing Services program in
fiscal 2008; the increase would be offset by an assumed reduction in domestic discretionary spending
and/or administrative expenses. McCain was one of only two Senators to miss the vote; the other was
Tim Johnson (D-SD), who was recovering from a massive brain aneurysm. [2007 Senate Vote #110,
3/23/2007, Clinton: Y, Obama: Y]

McCain Voted Against $16 Billion For Law Enforcement To Preserve Tax Breaks For The Rich.
McCain voted against an amendment to increase funding by $16 billion for firefighters, law
enforcement personnel, and emergency medical personnel by reducing tax breaks for individuals with
annual incomes in excess of $1 million. Obama: Y, McCain: N [2006 Senate Vote #197, 7/13/2006]

McCain Voted Against Increasing Funding For COPS and Other Law Enforcement Programs.
In 2005, in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, McCain voted against an emergency spending
amendment that would authorize an additional $1 billion for COPS, $10 million for the National
Center for Missing and Exploited Children, and $9 million for the Office of Violence Against Women.
[2005 Senate Vote #226, 9/13/2005, Clinton: Y, Obama: Y]

ATF Chief Says Crime Has Risen Across the U.S. Due To Lack of Funding. In May 2008, the
chief of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives, ―said many cities no longer have
the police manpower to respond to calls as quickly as they once did‖ and ―violent crime has increased
in some cities in recent years in part because local police are too cash-strapped to fight it.‖ According
to the Associated Press, ―the Bush administration…has scaled back the money available to cities to
crack down on crime.‖ [Associated Press, 5/12/2008]

McCain Voted For Corporate Tax Breaks Instead of Funding for COPS. In 2005, McCain voted
against providing $1 billion for the COPS program, offset by closing corporate tax loopholes. McCain:
N, Obama: Y [2005 Senate Vote #70, 3/17/2005]

2005: McCain Voted Against State And Local Law Enforcement Assistance. In 2005, McCain
voted against eliminating funding for the Advanced Technology Program and increases funding for the
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, community oriented policing service, and state and
local law enforcement assistance. Obama: Y, McCain: N [2005 Senate Vote #230, 9/14/2005]

2004: McCain Voted To Keep Tax Breaks For Millionaires Instead of Funding Byrne Grant
Programs. In 2004, McCain voted against increasing funding for Byrne Grants, COPS and other local
law enforcement programs by $1.1 billion, offset by reducing tax breaks for taxpayers with incomes
over $1 million. The amendment also would have created a reserve fund to fund these programs.[2004
Senate Vote #44, 3/11/2004, McCain: N]

2003: McCain Voted Against Restoring Funding For Byrne Grants To Keep Intact Bush Tax
Cuts. In 2003, McCain opposed an amendment which would have restored funding for the Byrne
Grant program and Local Law Enforcement Block Grant program. The spending would have been
offset by reducing the size of the newly proposed tax cuts. [2003 Senate Vote #92, 3/25/2003, McCain:
N]

2003: McCain Voted Against $130 Million For Community Policing. In 2003, McCain voted
against appropriating $2.33 billion for first responders, including $130 million for community policing.
McCain: Y [2003 Senate Vote #123, 4/3/2003]
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McCain Prioritized Bush Tax Cuts Over Funding For Police Programs. McCain voted against
increasing spending on Community Oriented Policing programs by $1 billion, offset by a reduction in
non-reconciled tax cuts. [2003 Senate Vote #78, 3/21/2003, Clinton: Y]

2003: McCain $500 Million In Byrne Grants. In 2003, McCain voted against providing $500
million for the Byrne Memorial State and Local Law Enforcement Assistance Programs. [2003 Senate
Vote #6, 1/17/2003, McCain: Y]

McCain Voted To Eliminate the Successful COPS Program. In 1995, McCain voted for the
Republican Commerce-Justice spending bill which included a plan ―to dismantle [the] cops-on-the-
beat program‖ [COPS] and replace it with a ―block grant program giving local governments control
over how to spend crime-fighting money.‖ [1995 Senate Vote #591, 12/7/1995; Chicago Tribune,
12/8/1995]

McCain Voted Against Funding the COPS Program. In 1996, McCain voted against providing an
additional $1.8 billion in funding for the COPS program. [1996 Senate Vote #31, 3/13/1996]

1999: McCain Missed A Vote On Reauthorizing the COPS Program. In 1999, McCain missed a
vote on an amendment to extend the COPS program to 2005 an authorize $1.5 billion for the program.
McCain: X [1999 Senate Vote #139, 5/20/1999]

1999: McCain Voted Against Funding To Hire 25,000 New Police Officers. In 1999, McCain voted
against an amendment that would have expanded the COPS program to help communities hire an
additional 25,000 police officers. McCain: Y [1999 Senate Vote #109, 5/12/1999]

1995: McCain Voted Against Funding for State and Local Crime Prevention Programs. In 1995,
McCain voted against an amendment to add $80 million for social crime prevention programs aimed at
targeting juvenile and inner city crime. [1995 Senate Vote #480, 9/29/1995]

1993: McCain Voted Against Ensuring Adequate Funding For Community Oriented Policing. In
1993, McCain voted against ensuring that community policing program will be funded at FY 1998
level of $1.7 billion requested by the President. McCain: N [1993 Senate Vote #43, 3/23/1993]

RACIAL DISPARITY IN PROSECUTION
McCain Twice Voted Against the Racial Justice Act. In 1991 and 1994, John McCain voted to
remove the ―Racial Justice Act‖ from federal crime legislation. The act would allow minorities to
challenge a death sentence as discriminatory if statistics show a disproportionate number of their race
being sentenced to death. [1991 Senate Vote #102, 6/20/1991; 1994 Senate Vote #106, 5/11/1994]

McCain Voted Against Legislation to Fight Racial Disparity in Juvenile Arrests. In 1999,
McCain voted to kill an amendment to the Juvenile Crime Bill (S.254) which would have conditioned
a State‘s receipt of funds from the Juvenile Crime Bill on its designing juvenile justice prevention
programs and juvenile justice systems that will reduce the disproportionate number of juvenile
members of racial minority groups who come into contact with the juvenile justice system. [1999
Senate Vote #130, 5/19/1999; Washington Post, 5/20/1999]

DRUGS

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McCain: “Drugs Is A Big, Big Problem In America.” Discussing his trip to Colombia and Mexico,
McCain cited the large drug flow between the two countries and the United States, saying ―drugs is a
big, big problem in America.‖ McCain said controlling the drug flow is ―still one of our major
challenges to all Americans‖ and that ―the Mexican government is struggling right now with battles
against drug cartels, Colombia continues to make progress, but a large percentage of the amount of
cocaine that continues to come into the United States of America comes from this country.‖ [―Good
Morning America,‖ ABC, 7/2/2008]

McCain: “There Has Been Some Success” Fighting Drugs. Discussing drug problems in Colombia
and flow into the United States, McCain said ―there has been some success,‖ adding that ―the cost of
cocaine on the street is up.‖ [―Good Morning America,‖ ABC, 7/2/2008]

New York Times: US Anti-Drug Efforts Have “Hardly Made A Dent.” According to a New York
Times editorial, ―despite the billions of dollars the United States has spent battling the cartels, it has
hardly made a dent in the cocaine trade.‖ In fact, ―the United Nations estimates that the area devoted
to growing coca leaf in the Andes expanded 16 percent last year.‖ [Editorial, New York Times,
7/2/2008]

New York Times: Anti-Drug Policy Should Focus More On “Curbing Demand.” According to a
New York Times editorial, ―the next administration must put much more effort into curbing demand
— spending more on treating drug addicts and less on putting them in jail… Until demand is curbed at
home, there is no chance of winning the war on drugs.‖ [Editorial, New York Times, 7/2/2008]

McCain on Drugs in America: Just Say No. McCain said of combating drug abuse in America,
―Maybe we oughta go back to – remember when Nancy Reagan use to have a program called ‗Just Say
No‘? And it had some effect?‖ [CNN Live Feed (Waco, TX), 3/3/2008]

McCain Voted Against $500 Million in Funding for Rural Anti-Drug Programs. In 2003, McCain
voted against providing $500 million for the Edward Byrne Memorial Grant Program, which provides
money to rural law enforcement agencies for anti-drug enforcement. [HJR 2, Vote 6, 1/17/03, Passed
52-46, D 2-45; R 50-0; I 0-1]

McCain Voted Against Providing Funding For Drug Treatment. In 1995, McCain voted against
providing an additional $100 million a year from 1997-2000 in funding for state drug and alcohol
addiction treatment programs. [1995 Senate Vote #429, 9/15/1995]

McCain Voted Against Restoring Funds for Substance Abuse Treatment. In 1995, McCain voted
against restoring the $14.7 million rescinded for substance abuse block grants and children‘s mental
health programs. [1995 Senate Vote #125, 3/30/1995]

McCain Voted For Amendment to Require Random Drug-Tests for Job Trainees. In 1995,
McCain voted for an amendment to require that participants in job training and employment assistance
programs be subject to random drug testing. [1995 Senate Vote #486, 10/11/1995]

McCain Claims To Have Supported Drug Rehabilitation. In 1994, McCain tried to defend his
record on funding for drug rehabilitation after he voted against the Omnibus Crime Bill (HR 3355),
which contained provisions for drug diversion and rehabilitation. ―For the record, I have never



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opposed funding for drug rehabilitation in this crime bill or any of its earlier iterations,‖ McCain said
in a statement. [Arizona Republic, 8/26/1994] when did he vote against it?

McCain Voted Against Drug Treatment And Control Measures. In 1994, McCain voted against
the Omnibus Crime Bill (HR 3355), which contained numerous drug control measures, including:

       Tougher Penalties: The bill included much stiffer sentencing guidelines for offender who dealt
       drugs in drug-free zones, such as near schools or playgrounds. The bill also authorized stiffer
       sentences for repeat drug offenders.

       Drug Czar Office: Authorized the Office of National Drug Control Policy until September
       1997.

       Drug Courts: The bill included $1 billion over six years for drug courts, ―aimed at
       rehabilitating non-violent drug offenders.‖

       State Prisons: Authorized $270 million for grants to help provide drug treatment for inmates in
       state prisons.

       Federal Prisons: The bill included $113 million in funding for drug treatment for federal
       inmates. [1994 CQ Almanac, p. 287-288; 1994 Senate Vote #295, 8/25/1994]

McCain Voted Against Increasing State And Local Drug Enforcement Funds. In 1994, McCain
voted against an amendment to cut $513 million from the Ballistic Missile Defense program (formerly
SDI) and, allocate $423 million for state and local drug enforcement. [1994 Senate Vote #64,
3/22/1994]

McCain Voted Against Increased Funding For Drug Treatment For Women and Children In
1993, McCain voted against an amendment to transfer $50 million of unobligated defense funds to
substance abuse treatment programs for women and children. [1993 Senate Vote #253, 9/9/1993]

McCain Voted To Shift Prison Funds, Drug Funds To States. In 1991, McCain voted for an
amendment to eliminate funding from the 1991 Crime Bill that would shift $2.2 billion of federal
crime funds to the state level for law enforcement efforts, eliminating funds for regional prisons and
boot camps for drug offenders, antigang programs, rural crime and drug control programs, and a
program to combat areas with high concentrations of illegal drug activity, among other things. [1991
Senate Vote #116, 7/8/1991]

McCain Voted Against Narrowing the Death Penalty for Drug Kingpins To Intentional Murder.
In 1991, McCain voted against an amendment to strike capital punishment for drug kingpins and
replace it with life imprisonment unless an intentional killing was involved. The amendment would
have removed ―drug kingpins who do not murder, drug kingpins who attempt murder and drug felons
who kill unintentionally‖ from the list of those eligible for the death penalty. [1991 Senate Vote #106,
6/25/1991]

McCain Voted For SDI Instead Of Anti-Drug Efforts And Vets. In 1990, McCain voted to kill an
amendment to the to transfer $400 million from the Star Wars Missile Defense System program to the
war on drugs and to veterans‘ health programs. [1990 Senate Vote #226, 8/4/1990]


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McCain Voted To Reinstate Ban On Needle Exchange Programs. McCain voted in favor of an
amendment that would prohibit the use of funds in the DC spending bill for needle exchange programs,
even though at the time, even the Surgeon General ―noted that allowing drug addicts to get clean
needles helps blunt the spread of AIDS and does not increase drug use in cities where the program has
been implemented.‖ [2001 Senate Vote #328, 11/7/2001, Clinton: Y; Congressional Quarterly,
11/8/2001]

McCain Voted Against Permitting Needle Exchange Programs If They Prevented Spread of HIV
and Drug Abuse. In 1992, McCain voted against an amendment that prohibited funding for the
distribution of needles to drug users unless the Surgeon General determined that the programs would
help to prevent the spread of HIV and would not encourage the use of illegal drugs. McCain voted for
a similar amendment in 1990. [1992 Senate Vote #212, 9/17/1992; 1990 Senate Vote #93, 5/16/1990]

Research Shows Needle Exchange Programs Effective In Reducing HIV Risk. A 2001 study
conducted by the University of California Davis which reviewed studies conducted on needle
exchange programs found that ―the controversial programs do reduce injection drug users‘ HIV risk.‖
In addition, ―studies of syringe exchanges in San Francisco; Portland, Ore.; Tacoma, Wash.; and
Baltimore all concluded that the programs decreased needle sharing among injection drug users
ranging from 16 percent to 72 percent.‖ [UC Davis Health System Press Release, ―UC Davis Study
Shows Syringe-Exchange Programs Effective In Reducing the Spread of AIDS,‖ 7/26/2001,
http://www.ucdmc.ucdavis.edu/news/syringe_exchange.html ]

PRISON FUNDING
McCain Voted Against 1994 Crime Bill, Which Included $7.9 Billion For Prison Construction.
In 1994, McCain voted against the Crime Bill, which, among its many provisions, authorized $7.9
billion for construction of new state and local prisons. [1994 Senate Vote #295, 8/25/1994; Detroit
Free Press, 8/26/1994]

DEATH PENALTY
McCain Supported Supreme Court‟s Upholding Of Kentucky Lethal Injection Laws. When
asked his opinion on the Supreme Court ruling upholding Kentucky‘s lethal injection laws, McCain
responded, ―Yes. Yes… No, I, I think that proper safeguards have to be met—the humane aspects
have to be met—and the Supreme Court, I think, has articulated that in the past and with this decision.‖
[CNN, 4/16/2008]

McCain Supports The Death Penalty, Despite Disproportionate Minority Executions. In a 1997
interview on CNBC, McCain said, ―I believe that the death penalty is legitimate. I‘ve come to that
conclusion a long time ago. Do African Americans get as equal [a] day in court as white Americans
do? I think you could argue that, in some cases, that is not there, but we don‘t have a perfect system of
justice. And I believe that one of the reasons the reasons why the crime rate has gone down and we‘re
all relieved by it is the certainty of punishment that has been part of our judicial system for some
period of time now.‖ [CNBC, ―Equal Time,‖ 6/3/1997]

McCain Voted To Pre-Empt State Habeas Corpus Laws. In 1995, McCain voted against applying
habeas corpus restrictions only to federal cases and excludes state prisoners. [1995 Senate Vote #237,
6/7/1995]




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McCain Repeatedly Voted To Limit Death Penalty Appeals. In 1995, McCain voted for the debt
limit extension bill, which included a provision to narrow death penalty appeals. McCain also voted
for the 1995 terrorism bill, which included a provision to limit death row inmate to one federal habeas
corpus appeal within one year. [1995 Senate Vote #569, 11/9/1995; 1995 Senate Vote #242, 6/7/1995]

McCain Backed The Death Penalty For Juveniles. McCain voted against a ban on the death penalty
for anyone who was under the age of 18 when the crime was committed. [1993 Senate Vote #358,
11/8/1993]

In 1993, McCain Voted To Replace Death Penalty With Life In Prison. In 1993, McCain voted to
substitute life imprisonment without parole where the 1993 Crime Bill imposed the death penalty.
[1993 Senate Vote #379, 11/17/1993]

       But In 1991, McCain Voted Against Replacing the Death Penalty With Life In Prison. In
       1991, McCain voted against an amendment to substitute mandatory life imprisonment without
       parole for any provision in the 1991 Crime Bill which authorized the imposition of the death
       penalty. [1991 Senate Vote #107, 6/25/1991]

       1990: McCain Voted Against Life Imprisonment As Alternative To Death Penalty. In
       1990, McCain voted against mandatory life imprisonment without the possibility of release for
       all cases in which the bill would impose the death penalty. [1990 Senate Vote #143, 6/29/1990]

McCain Voted For Death Penalty For Carjackers. In 1993, McCain voted to make carjacking
punishable under federal law and to authorize the death penalty in cases where a death resulted from
the carjacking, even if no firearm was used. [1993 Senate Vote #361, 11/9/1993]

DOMESTIC VIOLENCE/ VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN
McCain Voted Against Violence Against Women Act. McCain voted against the 1994 Crime Bill,
which authorized the landmark Violence Against Women Act. The Act, among other things,
authorized $1.6 billion in funding for fighting violence against women. Included in this was $325
million for battered women‘s shelters. [1994 CQ Almanac, p. 289; 1994 Senate Vote #295, 8/25/1994]

McCain Voted Against Granting Victims Of Domestic Violence Leave From Their Jobs. In 2004,
McCain opposed an amendment that would allow victims of domestic violence to take a leave of up to
30 days from their jobs and would grant them unemployment insurance if they lost their job as a result
of domestic violence, stalking, or sexual assault. [2004 Senate Vote #62, 3/25/2004, Clinton: Y]

McCain Voted Against Helping Children Subjected To Domestic Violence. In 1999, McCain voted
against an amendment that would encourage cooperation between different social service providers to
institute intervention programs for children who witness domestic violence. [1999 Senate Vote #125,
5/18/1999]

McCain Voted Against $8 Million In Funding For Domestic Violence and Sexual Abuse Victims
Affected By Katrina. McCain voted against an amendment to provide $8 million for the Office of
Violence Against Women to assist victims of domestic violence and sexual abuse in the areas impacted
by Hurricane Katrina. Clinton: Y, Obama: Y [2005 Senate Vote #226, 9/13/2005]




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McCain Voted Against Shifting $2 Billion In Wasteful Spending To Fighting Domestic Violence.
McCain voted against an amendment to permit shifting up to $2 billion from wasteful bureaucratic
overhead and procurement in military budget to address domestic violence. [1995 Senate Vote #205,
5/25/1995]




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