LATIN AMERICAN POLITICS and SOCIETY

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					INTA 3241A/8803BL1

LATIN AMERICAN
POLITICS
and SOCIETY


Instructor: Barbara Lynch


Tues/Thur 3:05-4:25 pm
115 Instructional Center


Overview

This interdisciplinary course will introduce you to the political phenomena that have shaped the course
of hemispheric development and the consciousness of Latin American citizens. After a brief review of
the region’s history, we will turn to the politics of modernization in its conservative, neocolonial and
revolutionary dimensions. We will then address the development project in Latin America and its
ideological foundations. Considerable emphasis will be placed on state violence in Central America and
the Southern Cone during the period of the military dictatorships, narco-violence in Colombia and Peru,
and the impacts of the debt crisis and IMF shock therapy on Latin American societies. The final weeks
of the course will address new political and social configurations in the hemisphere and the challenges
that today’s governments face.


Readings

Readings will draw on literature from history, sociology and anthropology as well as political science.
The following texts should be purchased:

       Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 606. July 2006. Special
              issue: Chronicle of a Myth Foretold: The Washington Consensus in Latin America
       Chasteen, John C. 2006. Born in Blood & Fire: A Concise History of Latin America,
              rev. ed.
       Davis, Mike. 2000. Magical Urbanism: Latinos Reinvent the U.S. Big City
       NACLA Report on the Americas: Volume 40
       Roberts, J. Timmons and Nikki Demetria Thanos. 2003. Trouble in Paradise
       Taussig, Michael. 2005. Law in a Lawless Land: Diary of a Limpieza in Colombia
       Yashar, Deborah. J. 2005. Contesting Citizenship in Latin Americ


Additional readings have been place on reserve.
Assignments

Reading reviews and class presentations:

Students will be expected to read the assigned texts and to come to class ready to participate fully in
class discussions. In addition, every student will be asked to lead the discussion of the readings at least
once during the semester. To prepare for this task, you will be asked to submit a five-page essay
critiquing the readings, showing how they complement one another, and discussing the broader themes
and issues that they address.


Mid-term exam

This in-class exam will test your knowledge of basic concepts and key events and phenomena
discussed in class and/or in the readings.


Final Project: Hemispheric Change –- 2000 to 2025.

In the past decade, politics in the Americas have been profoundly reshaped by (1) migration,
deportation, and repatriation; (2) new forms of natural resource exploitation; (3) IMF and World Bank
policies; (4) the entry of indigenous peoples onto the national political stage in the Andes; (5) and new
economic agreements. You are a staffer for a U.S. senator working on foreign policy issues. You have
been asked to provide a briefing memo on hemispheric challenges that devotes particular attention to
the ways in which the phenomenon that you have selected is reshaping the economy and polis of the
countries that you have selected and to the problems that the phenomenon may pose for distinct
regions, economic sectors, ethnic groups, and environments. One part of your assignment is to
prepare a five-page memo on one of the phenomena listed above that informs the senator in some
detail about how these phenomena are manifested in two different Latin American countries. This
memo will be due in my mailbox in Habersham Hall by 4:00 p.m., April 30. A second part of the
assignment will be to be to present your findings in a round table on hemispheric policy to be held
during the last week of class..


Course schedule

                                           AFTERMATH OF CONQUEST

 Jan 8       America on the eve     None
             of conquest

 Jan 10      Colonial Rule:         Chasteen, Born in Blood and Fire, chapters 1,2
             Governing peoples,
             souls, and             Bartolome de las Casas. History of the Indes, pp. 138-161 (Book 2: 37-
             landscapes             56)

                                    Weber, David. 2005. Barbaros: Spaniards and their Savages in the Age
                                    of Enlightenment. Chapter 2.

 Jan 15      The Old Latin          Klein, Herbert and Ben Vinson III. 2007. African Slavery in Latin America
             America: Hacienda      and the Caribbean, 2 nd ed. Chapters 3,5
             and Plantation
                                    de Janvry, Alan. 1981. The Agrarian Question and Reformism in Latin
                                    America. Chapter 2.

                                    Chasteen, Chapters 3,4 Scan
                                     THE PO LITICS O F MO DERNIZATIO N


Jan 17   The Modernizing        Samper, Miguel. Bogota in the nineteenth century. In G.M. Joseph and
         Impulse                M.D. Szuchman, eds., I Saw a City Invincible: Urban Portraits of Latin
                                America. Chapter 9.

                                Needall, Jeffrey. 1996. The Revolta Contra Vacina of 1904. In Sm.M.
                                Arrom and S. Ortoll, eds., Riots in the Cities: Popular Politics and the
                                Urban Poor in Latin America, 1765-1910. Chapter 6.

                                Hart, John Mason. 1989. Revolutionary Mexico. Chapter 5. Growth of
                                the Porfirian Economy.

Jan 22   The US Imperial        Ayala, Cesar J. 1999. American Sugar Kingdom. Chapter 2
         Presence
                                Schlesinger, Stephen, and Stephen Kinzer. 1984. Bitter Fruit. Chapter 5
                                (The overlord: the United Fruit Company).

                                Frenkel, Stephen. 2002. Geographical representations of the ‘other’: the
                                landscape of the Panama Canal Zone. Journal of Historical Geography
                                28 (1): 85-99

Jan 24   Corporatism,           Chasteen, Chapter 5
         Caciquismo, and
         Populism: Domestic     Halperin Donghi, Tulio. 1993. The Contemporary History of Latin
         Politics after         America. Chapter 5
         Independence
                                Roorda, Eric Paul. 1998. The cult of the airplane, In Close Encounters of
                                Empire. Pp. 269-310

Jan 29   Revolutions I:         Chasteen, Chapter 7
         Mexico
                                Hart, John Mason. 1989. Revolutionary Mexico. Chapter 5. Crisis of the
                                Porfirian Political Economy.

                                Hamilton, Nora. 1982. The Limits of State Autonomy. Chapter 2.

Jan 31   Revolutions II: Cuba   Chasteen, Chapter 8

                                Castro, Fidel. History will Absolve Me.

                                Bengelsdorf, Carolee. 1994. The Problem of Democracy in Cuba.
                                Chapter 4
                                               DEVELOPMENT

Feb 5    The Development        Open Veins of Latin America, Chapters 4, 5
         Project I:
         CEPALISMO              Love, Joseph. 2005. The rise and decline of economic structuralism in
                                Latin America. Latin American Research Review 40 (3): 100-125.

                                Franco, Patrice. 2007. The Puzzle of Latin American Economic
                                Development. Chapter 3: Import Substitution Industrialization.

Feb 7    Development Project    Grindle, Merillee. State and Countryside. Chapters 5-8
         II: Rural Reform and
         the Alliance for       Birdsall, Nancy and Peter Hakim. 2007. Poverty and inequality in Latin
         Progress               America. How the U.S. Can Really Help. CGD Brief. Center for Global
                                Development & the Inter American Dialogue




                                      AN ERA OF STATE VIOLENCE

Feb 12   Guatemala: the         Stepputat, Finn. 2001. Urbanizing the Countryside: armed conflict, state
         Military and the       formation, and the politics of place in contemporary Guatemala. In T.B.
         Maya                   Hansen and F. Stepputat, States of Imagination.

                                Brockett, Charles D. 1990. Land, Power, and Poverty: Agrarian
                                Transformation and Political Conflict in Central America (rev. ed).
                                Chapter 5

                                Chasteen, Chapter 9

Feb 14   The Cono Sur:          Chasteen, Chapter 9
         Pinochet and the
         Argentine Dirty War    Dorfman, Ariel. 2004. Finding Freddy. In Desert Memories. Pp 221-258

                                Timerman, Jacobo. 1981. Reflections, "NO NAME, NO NUMBER," The
                                New Yorker, April 20, p. 45

                                Navarro, Marysa. 1989. The Personal is political: las madres de Plaza de
                                Mayo. In Susan Eckstein, ed. Power and Popular Protest: Latin American
                                Social Movements. Chapter 7


Feb 19   Colombia and Peru:     Starn, Orrin et al., eds. 2005. The Peru Reader. 2 nd ed. pp. 407-440
         Narcos and             Taussig, Michael. 2005. Law in a Lawless Land.
         Guerrillas
                                Chomsky, Aviva. 2007. The logic of displacement: Afro-colombians and
                                the war in Colombia. In Darien Davis, ed., Beyond Slavery. Pp.171-198
                                (optional)

Feb 21   EXAM
                                  POLITICS AFTER THE DICTATORSHIPS

Feb 26   Clientelism             Gay, Robert. 1999. The Broker and the Thief: A Parable (Reflections on
                                 Popular Politics in Brazil). Luso-Brazilian Review 36, (1) ; 49-70

                                 Lomnitz, Larissa and Rodrigo Díaz. 1993. Cultural grammar and
                                 bureaucratic rationalization in Latin Amiercan Cities. In R. Morse and J.
                                 Hardoy, eds. Rethinking the Latin American City. Chapter 12.

Feb 28   Social citizenship      Hanchard, Michael, ed. 1999. Racial Politics in Contemporary Brazil, pp.
         and the emerging        138-199
         politcs of rights
                                 Paley, Julia. 2002. Marketing Dem ocracy: Power and Social Movem ents
                                 in Post-Dictatorship Chile. .Chapter 3

Mar 4    Politics outside the    Keck, Margaret and Kathryn Sikkink. 1998. Activists Beyond Borders,
         state: social           Chapter 1
         movements
                                 Wolford, Wendy. 2004. This land is ours now: spatial imaginaries and the
                                 struggle for land in Brazil. Annals of the Association of american
                                 Geographers 94 (2): 409-424

                                 Wright, Angus. 2003. The land is only the first step: moblization and
                                 alliances in the Brazilian movement of landless rural workers. Paper
                                 prepared for the Congress of the Latin American Studies Association.



                                 SHOCK THERAPY AND ITS AFTERMATH

Mar 6    Debt crisis and         Walton, John. 1989. Debt, protest and the state in Latin America. In
         structural adjustment   Susan Eckstein, ed. Power and Popular Protest: Latin American Social
                                 Movements. Chapter 10.

                                 Massey and Capoferro. 2006. Salvase Quien Pueda: structural
                                 adjustment and emigration from Lima. ANNALS

                                 Plaza, Orlando. ANNALS

Mar 11   Neoliberalism and       Schultz, Jim. Deadly Consequences: The International Monetary Fund
         the Washington          and Bolivia’s “Black February”
         consensus
                                 Sunkel, Oswaldo. 2005. The unbearable lightness of neoliberalism. In
                                 Charles Wood and Bryan Roberts, Rethinking Development in Latin
                                 America. Chapter 2 (pp. 55-78)

                                 Chasteen, Chapter 10

Mar 13   The International       Roberts and Thanos. Chapter 2
         Politics of Free
         Trade                   Mexican workers since NAFTA. 2005. NACLA Report on the Americas
                                 39(1) ( July-August): 15-30

                                 Explaining Mercosur’s survival: strategic sources of Argentine-Brazilian
                                 convergence. Journal of Latin american Studies 37 ( 1): 109-140
 Mar 25   Buscando visa para     Davis, Mike. Magical Urbanism
          no volver

 Mar 27   Inequality and         Arias, Enrique Desmond. 2006. The dynamics of criminal governance:
          Governance             networks and social order in Rio de Janeiro. Journal of Latin American
                                 Studies 38 (1): 293-325.

                                 Gonzalez de la Rocha, Vanishing Assets. In ANNALS

                                 Perlman, Janice in ANNALS

 Apr 1    The new violence       Glick Schiller, Nina and Georges Fouron. 2003. Killing me softly:
                                 Violence, globalization and the apparent state. In Jonathan Friedman,
                                 ed., Globalization, the State, and Violence

                                 Rodgers, Dennis. 2006. Living in the shadow of death: gangs, violence
                                 and social order in urban Nicaragua, 1996-2002. Journal of Latin
                                 American Studies 38 (1): 241-265.

                                 NACLA Report on the Americas. Pp. 19-48

 Apr 3    Environmental          Roberts, J. Timmons and Nikki Demetria Thanos. Chapters 3,4,5
          impacts




                             THE POST-NEOLIBERAL POLITICAL ENVIRONMENT

 Apr 8    Indigenous             Yashar, Deborah. Contesting Citizenship in Latin America. Chapters 3-6
          movements

 Apr 10   Participatory          Coyula, Mario. 1996. The neighborhood as workshop. Latin American
          democracy and its      Perspectives 23 (No.4): 90-103.
          potential
                                 Abers, Rebecca. 1996. From ideas to practice: the partido de
                                 trabalhadores and participatory governance in Brazil. Latin American
                                 Perspectives 23 (No.4): 35-53.

 Apr 15   Governing in the       Castaneda. Jorge G. 2006. Latin America’s Left Turn. Foreign Affairs,
          post-neoliberal        May/June.
          Americas
                                 Hakim, Peter. 2006. Is Washington Losing Latin America? Foreign
                                 Affairs. January/February

                                 Dunkerly, James. 2007. Evo Morales, the ‘Two Bolivias’ and the Third
                                 Bolivian Revolution. Journal of Latin American Studies 39: 133-166



WORKSHOP ON HEMISPHERIC CHANGE: April 22-24
FINAL MEMOS DUE, 4:00 p.m., April 30

				
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