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WILDLAND FIRE

VIEWS: 50 PAGES: 4

									                                                                         Effective: 07/20/2006

                        WILDLAND FIRE                                    Supercedes: 01/30/2005


                              SIZE-UP/ASSESSMENT OF CONDITIONS

A.      Determine size and extent of the fire.
B.      Ensure that adequate resources are responding.
        1.      Ask Awhere will the fire be in 20 minutes?@
        2.      Consider time needed to reach and attack the fire.
        3.      If in doubt, request additional resources immediately.
        4.      Notify Central Oregon Interagency Dispatch Center (COID) if fire is on or near state
                or federally protected land.
        5.      Identify and flag access routes.
C.      Estimate potential for spread. Weather, topography, and fuel type are primary indicators in
        spread potential.
D.      Identify threatened exposures.

                             SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS & CHECKLIST

A.      All crews should establish Lookouts, Communications, Escape Routes, Safety Zones
        (LCES).
B.      All personnel will be in full wildland personal protective equipment (PPE).
C.      Web gear with fire shelter and canteen shall be worn by all personnel that are more than one
        hundred feet from their vehicle engaged in fire suppression activities. Shelters and canteens
        may be removed only when incident command has determined it is safe to do so.
D.      Ensure that all personnel receive a safety briefing prior to assignment. Include:
        1.      Command structure
        2.      Weather, fuel type and current fire behavior
        3.      L.C.E.S.
        4.      Known hazards
E.      Review 18 “Watch Out Situations”.
F.      Supervisors should constantly monitor personnel for heat stress. Rotate and rehabilitate
        crews as necessary.

                                  OPERATIONAL GUIDELINES

A.      Pre-suppression
        1.      Check resource availability, readiness, and staffing levels daily.
        2.      Check weather forecasts for storm fronts and red flag warnings daily.
        3.      Include weather forecast in daily shift briefing.
B.      First Arriving Unit:
        1.      Make arrival report to dispatch:
                a.      Confirm location (if necessary).
                b.      Situation found.
                c.      Assume command.
                d.      Identify tactical radio frequency.

WILDLAND FIRE (07/20/2006)                                                        RF&R OG Page 1 of 4
        2.     Size up incident and make report to 400 units.
        3.     Announce action plan to 400 units.
               a.       Attack mode (direct or indirect)
               b.       Anchor point(s).
               c.       Objectives
                        1)       Protect structures
                        2)       Flank fire
                        3)       Cut off fire
        4.     Make assignments (as necessary).
               a.       Unit
               b.       Objectives
               c.       Location of attack
        5.     Consider combative command if initial operations may stop fire.
        6.     Transfer command (as necessary).
C.      Duty Officer:
        1.     Responding:
               a.       Contact COID while responding and determine available resources.
               b.       Consider requesting air support (SEAT / Air Tankers) if structures
                        threatened.
        2.     Initial Operations:
               a.       Identify command post location.
               b.       Identify level 2 staging area
               c.       Utilize Aunified command@ on inter-agency incidents.
               d.       Contact law enforcement for fireground security and traffic ctrl.
               e.       Contact DCSAR for evacuation.
               f.       Flag fire origin
               g.       Contact utilities for disconnects.
        3.     Provide dispatch with Progress Reports:
               a.       “Fire Contained”
               b.       “Fire Under Control”
               c.       “Mop up complete”
        4.     Extended Operations:
               a.       Extended organizational structure (Div./Grps, Branches, SO, etc.)
               b.       Command staff vest system.
               c.       Communications plan.
               d.       Water supply plan (or assign to group).
               e.       Lighting plan (night operations).
               f.       Rehabilitation area.
               g.       Food Unit (Contact Salvation Army).
               h.       Displaced civilians (Chaplain / Red Cross).
D.      Tactical Considerations:
        1.     General guidelines:
               a.       Establish a safe anchor point prior to starting fire attack.
               b.       Prioritize exposure threat.
               c.       Consider10 Standard Fire Orders:
                        1)       Fight fire aggressively but provide for safety first.
                        2)       Initiate all action based on current and expected fire behavior.
                        3)       Recognize current weather conditions and obtain forecasts.

WILDLAND FIRE (07/20/2006)                                                          RF&R OG Page 2 of 4
                         4)    Ensure instructions are given and understood.
                         5)    Obtain current information on fire status.
                         6)    Remain in communication with crew members, your supervisor, and
                               adjoining forces.
                        7)     Determine safety zones and escape routes.
                        8)     Establish lookouts in potentially hazardous situations.
                        9)     Retain control at all times.
                        10)    Stay alert, keep calm, think clearly, act decisively.
        2.      Mobile attack:
                a.      Use short 1 ½” pre-connects or rolls to initiate attack.
                b.      Nozzle person must walk to the front and side of vehicle in view of the
                        driver.
                c.      Do not approach a moving vehicle.
                d.      Avoid unnecessary damage to apparatus; watch for off-road hazards.
                e.      Patrol and secure wet lines.
        3.      Hose lays:
                a.      Use 1 ½” or 1 ¾” pre-connects to initiate attack.
                b.      Utilize pondosa packs for progressive hose lays.
                c.      Install 1" x 100’ “mop-up” lines every 200’ along the hose lay.
        4.      Structure protection:
                a.      Remember Structure Triage Checklist and Burnover Pre-Treatment
                        Form.
                b.      Use green “occupied” tape to indicate structures that have not evacuated and
                        white “evacuated” tape to identify structures that have been evacuated.
                c.      Back into driveways.
                d.      Deploy two 1 ½” or 1 ¾” attack lines around structure and a vehicle
                        protection line.
                e.      Ladder the roof and develop a water source.
                f.      Pre-treat non-defendable structure with foam if possible.
                g.      Stay mobile; be prepared to move out quickly.
        5.      Water supply:
                a.      Determine need for water tenders and request early.
                b.      Identify and develop any available water sources.
                c.      Fold-a-tanks can be used to develop water sources.
                d.      Additional fold-a-tanks and portable pumps are available through Central
                        Oregon Interagency Dispatch (COID).
        6.      Air support:
                a.      Incident commander will request air support through COID if needed.
                b.      When requesting air tankers, also request a wildland agency representative to
                        assist with air operations.
                c.      Inform all divisions of air operations.
        7.      Firing operations:
                a.      The following items need to be evaluated before conducting a firing
                        operation:
                        1)       Current and expected fire behavior.
                        2)       Timing.
                        3)       Location of control lines.
                        4)       Anchor points.

WILDLAND FIRE (07/20/2006)                                                       RF&R OG Page 3 of 4
                      5)       Safety zones and escape routes.
                      6)       Control line preparation.
                      7)       Equipment for firing and holding.
                      8)       Firing methods and techniques.
                      9)       Organization.
                      10)      Coordination.
                      11)      Communications.
                b.    Crew Boss / Company Officer rank and above have the authority to initiate a
                      burnout as long as the direct or parallel attack mode is being used.
                c.    The decision to backfire is made by the Operations Section Chief, based on
                      the recommendations of other applicable personnel. It is then approved by the
                      Incident Commander and put into effect at the division level.
        8.      Mop-up:
                a.    Develop mop-up objective (i.e. A100% mop-up@, A100% for 100 ft in@)
                b.    Mop-up considerations include: predicted weather, potential fire behavior,
                      fuels, re-burn potential, and social impacts, as well as others.
                c.    Mop-up 100%, 200’ minimum from any structure.
                d.    Completely mop-up the area adjacent to the control line to be certain no fire
                      can spot, or roll over the fire line under the worst possible conditions
                      anticipated.
                e.    Look for, and dig out burning roots near the fire line.
                f.    Limb up trees that may serve as ladder fuels.
                g.    Work in teams with one person on a hand line and another turning the earth.
                h.    Assign a fire watch if necessary.
                i.    Return to check the fire scene each day until a twenty-four hour period has
                      passed with out a need to extinguish hot spots.




WILDLAND FIRE (07/20/2006)                                                     RF&R OG Page 4 of 4

								
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