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       Fast Track
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                               Company specific promises were drawn from the following sources: the state-by-
       Records
                               NAFTA jobs reports of USA*NAFTA and the National Association of Manufacturers
       Take Action!            (NAFTA's biggest boosters); the U.S. Department of Commerce's state-by-state NAFTA
                               job forecasts, and from Congressional testimony during the NAFTA debate. (For more on
                               the methodology of this study, see the report text.)

                               Company Type Promise Reality: 22 Months After NAFTA Reality: 3 Years After NAFTA
  Entire Site
 For Keyword(s)
                Search        Air-Hydraulics, Inc.    JOBS "NAFTA could increase Air-        According to Air-           According
                                                           Hydraulics business by 50%,       Hydraulics President        to Sales
                                Farming                    adding 10 new jobs," NAFTA:       Joe Miller, because of      Engineer
 advanced search                equipment                  We Need It: How U.S.              the peso devaluation,       Ron Mull,
                                manufacturer               Companies View Their              "we haven't been able       Air
                                                           Business Prospects Under          to increase business.       Hydraulics
                                                           NAFTA, National Association       NAFTA looked very           has not
                                Jackson,
                                                           of Manufacturers,                 promising but now we        created
                                Michigan
 Keep up with Public                                       Washington, DC, November,         can't tell if we were       any new
 Citizen through                                           1993. p. 37                       right or wrong." Miller     jobs due
 your E-mail!                                                                                said the firm's sales to    to their
                GO!                                                                          Mexico have decreased       exports to
                                                                                             and are at pre-NAFTA        Mexico
                                                                                             levels.                     and
                                                                                                                         Canada.
                              Air Products and        JOBS "It [Air Products] estimates    According to                When asked
                              Chemicals, Inc.              that its US and Mexican         spokesperson Greta          if NAFTA had
                                                           employment levels will          Campbell, there has         increased Air
                                Industrial gas             grow with NAFTA," NAFTA:        been a modest               Products and
                                and chemical               We Need It: How U.S.            increase in                 Chemicals
                                producer                   Companies View Their            manufacturing jobs in       U.S. and
                                                           Business Prospects Under        the U.S. and a modest       Mexican
                                                           NAFTA, National                 increase in sales jobs      employment
                                Allentown,
                                                           Association of                  in Mexico.                  levels,
                                Pennsylvania
                                                           Manufacturers,                                              spokesperson
                                                           Washington, DC,                                             Greta
                                                           November, 1993. p. 73                                       Campbell
                                                                                                                       said, "We



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                                                                                                             defer on
                                                                                                             your request
                                                                                                             for update
                                                                                                             on NAFTA."

                            Company Type Promise Reality: 22 Months After NAFTA Reality: 3 Years After NAFTA

                           Allied-Signal    JOBS "When asked by        The Department of             When asked about
                                                 CNN news anchor       Labor's NAFTA Trade           Allied Signal's
                             Aerospace           Lou Dobbs on CNN's    Adjustment Assistance         experience under
                             manufacturer        "Moneyline" about     program (NAFTA TAA)           NAFTA, Vice
                                                 whether Allied-       certified that 183 Allied     President of
                                                 Signal would move     Signal workers were laid      Corporate Affairs
                             Morristown,
                                                 U.S. jobs to Mexico   off due to a "shift in        Mark Greenberg
                             New Jersey
                                                 if Congress passed    production to                 said, "We decline to
                                                 NAFTA, company        Mexico" (180 workers at       comment on NAFTA."
                                                 Chairman Lawrence     Allied Signal's
                                                 Bossidy responded,    Greenville, Ohio facility
                                                 "I think quite the    and 3 workers at their El       The number of
                                                 contrary, Lou. I      Paso Texas facility). The       Allied -Signal
                                                 think the jobs that   Department of Labor's           workers being
                                                 were to move to       NAFTA TAA program also          certified by the
                                                 Mexico have already   certified that 77 workers       U.S. Department
                                                 moved there," CNN     at Allied Signal's              of Labor's NAFTA
                                                 "Moneyline" August,   Orangeburg, South               Trade
                                                 23, 1993.             Carolina facility were          Adjustment
                                                                       laid off due to a "shift in     Assistance
                                                                       production to Canada."          program (NAFTA
                                                                                                       TAA) as having
                                                                                                       lost these jobs
                                                                                                       due to NAFTA
                                                                                                       reached 992
                                                                                                       with a total of
                                                                                                       708 laidoff due
                                                                                                       a "shift in
                                                                                                       production to
                                                                                                       Mexico"; 525
                                                                                                       workers at the
                                                                                                       Greenville, AL
                                                                                                       facility laid off
                                                                                                       due to "shift in
                                                                                                       production to
                                                                                                       Mexico";

                                                                                                       70 workers at
                                                                                                       the Eatontown,
                                                                                                       NJ facility were
                                                                                                       laid off due to a
                                                                                                       shift in
                                                                                                       production to
                                                                                                       Canada; and 137
                                                                                                       workers at the
                                                                                                       South Montrose,
                                                                                                       Pennsylvania
                                                                                                       facility were
                                                                                                       laid off due to
                                                                                                       "customer



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                                                                                                   imports
                                                                                                   increased; not
                                                                                                   identified
                                                                                                   Canada/Mexico".


                                                                                                   On January 21,
                                                                                                   1997, workers at
                                                                                                   Allied's
                                                                                                   Charlotte, North
                                                                                                   Carolina facility
                                                                                                   filed a petition
                                                                                                   with the
                                                                                                   Department of
                                                                                                   Labor's NAFTA
                                                                                                   Trade
                                                                                                   Adjustment
                                                                                                   Assistance
                                                                                                   program (NAFTA
                                                                                                   TAA) stating
                                                                                                   they had lost
                                                                                                   their jobs due to
                                                                                                   NAFTA. The
                                                                                                   Department of
                                                                                                   Labor has not
                                                                                                   released a ruling
                                                                                                   yet on that
                                                                                                   petition.



                            Company Type Promise Reality: 22 Months After NAFTA Reality: 3 Years After NAFTA

                           Amoco Oil Company     JOBS "As a result of NAFTA,   According to Amoco      Representatives
                                                      Amoco expects to hire    spokesman Ray           from Amoco
                             Petroleum                500 additional U.S.      Thompson, the           would not answer
                             products                 employees and to         company has started     questions on
                             conglomerate             increase purchases       a convenience store     NAFTA's impact
                                                      from U.S. suppliers,"    joint venture in        on U.S. jobs at
                                                      NAFTA: We Need It:       Mexico. As part of      their firm.
                             Chicago, Illinois
                                                      How U.S. Companies       the venture Amoco
                                                      View Their Business      has created an           According to
                                                      Prospects Under          unspecified number       the July 22,
                                                      NAFTA, National          of "upper middle         1994 Times
                                                      Association of           income" jobs in both     Picayune,
                                                      Manufacturers,           their Houston and        the Amoco
                                                      Washington, DC,          Chicago offices.         Corporation
                                                      November, 1993. p.       Thompson stated          said that "it
                                                      xiv.                     that most of these       will cut
                                                                               jobs are being filled    3,800 jobs
                                                                               by people who were       during the
                                                                               previous laid off by     next
                                                                               Amoco during the         year...Amoco
                                                                               downsizing of the        will cut
                                                                               company from             another 700
                                                                               59,000 to 46,000         jobs by the
                                                                               worldwide                end of 1996."
                                                                               employees which



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                                                                             began in 1992. In
                                                                             terms of the rest of
                                                                             Amoco's operations
                                                                             in Mexico,
                                                                             spokesman Tom
                                                                             Mueller said, "All
                                                                             operations in Mexico
                                                                             are in such an early
                                                                             stage that I don't
                                                                             see any job creation
                                                                             going on."
                           APC Equipment            JOBS "The company currently     According to APC          According
                                                         does 80 percent of its     Equipment President       to APC
                             Construction and            business with              George French, the        Equipment
                             excavation                  Mexico...APC would be      company now does 5%       Owner
                             equipment                   able to hire more people   of its business with      Terry
                             purchasing, sales           to transport goods, more   Mexico. French said       French,
                             and service                 salesmen, and more         his company's exports     the
                                                         machinists," NAFTA: We     to Mexico have            company
                                                         Need It: How U.S.          declined dramatically     has not
                             Tucson, Arizona
                                                         Companies View Their       due to the state of       created
                                                         Business Prospects Under   the Mexican economy.      jobs due
                                                         NAFTA, National            "I don't know if the      to
                                                         Association of             situation is going to     business
                                                         Manufacturers,             improve," French          with
                                                         Washington, DC,            said. "I am tired of      Mexico.
                                                         November, 1993. p. 1       holding my breath."       "We
                                                                                                              thought it
                                                                                                              [NAFTA]
                                                                                                              would
                                                                                                              help but it
                                                                                                              hasn't."

                            Company Type Promise Reality: 22 Months After NAFTA Reality: 3 Years After NAFTA

                           Archer Daniels Midland   JOBS    "ADM believes that 10,000       According to     When
                                                            U.S. jobs will be created by    CEO Dwayne       asked if
                             Food processing                ADM sales with the passage of   Andreas,         ADM had
                             conglomerate                   NAFTA, from farms to            NAFTA has        increased
                                                            processing to transportation.   helped the       jobs under
                                                            Without the treaty, ADM         firm greatly     NAFTA,
                             Decatur, Illinois
                                                            anticipates only 1,500 jobs     increase ADM     spokesman
                                                            created from company sales      sales to         Michael
                                                            to Mexico. ADM expects sales    Mexico.          Turner
                                                            to Mexico would increase by     Andreas said     said, " I do
                                                            $370 million by 1999, if        the company      not want to
                                                            NAFTA is passed," NAFTA: We     has created      participate"
                                                            Need It: How U.S. Companies     new U.S. jobs    in the
                                                            View Their Business Prospects   as a result of   survey.
                                                            Under NAFTA, National           NAFTA but
                                                            Association of Manufacturers,   could not
                                                            Washington, DC, November,       provide
                                                            1993. p. 18                     numbers.
                                                                                            NAFTA has
                                                                                            been a "boom
                                                                                            to farmers in
                                                                                            the Midwest"



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                                                                                           he said. The
                                                                                           peso crisis
                                                                                           had a "very
                                                                                           temporary"
                                                                                           effect in
                                                                                           ADM's exports
                                                                                           to Mexico.
                                                                                           "We hardly
                                                                                           noticed it,"
                                                                                           he said. He
                                                                                           estimates
                                                                                           that NAFTA
                                                                                           will
                                                                                           ultimately
                                                                                           result in
                                                                                           100,000 to
                                                                                           500,000 new
                                                                                           U.S. jobs
                                                                                           because of
                                                                                           agricultural
                                                                                           exports.
                                                                                           Mexico "will
                                                                                           be a great
                                                                                           market for
                                                                                           basic foods,"
                                                                                           he said.
                           Armstrong World        JOBS    "NAFTA will provide job         Representatives   When
                           Industries, Inc.               security for Armstrong's        from Armstrong    asked if
                                                          employees in Pennsylvania,"     would not         NAFTA had
                             Vinyl flooring and           NAFTA: We Need It: How U.S.     answer            provided
                             acoustic ceiling             Companies View Their            questions on      job
                             manufacturer                 Business Prospects Under        NAFTA's impact    security
                                                          NAFTA, National Association     on U.S. jobs at   for
                                                          of Manufacturers,               their firm.       Armstrong's
                             Lancaster,
                                                          Washington, DC, November,                         employees,
                             Pennsylvania
                                                          1993. p. 73                                       Vice
                                                                                                            President
                                                                                                            for
                                                                                                            Corporate
                                                                                                            Relations
                                                                                                            Cam
                                                                                                            Collova
                                                                                                            responded,
                                                                                                            "We
                                                                                                            haven't
                                                                                                            seen a
                                                                                                            marked
                                                                                                            effect."

                            Company Type Promise Reality: 22 Months After NAFTA Reality: 3 Years After NAFTA

                           AST Research           JOBS   "The company believes that      According to    According to
                                                         implementation of NAFTA         a company       company
                             Computer and                will lead to a sharp increase   spokesperson,   representative
                             computer products           in exports to Mexico and will   NAFTA has       Ken Roberts,
                             manufacturer                create several hundred jobs     not created     the firm does
                                                         in the United States,"          any new U.S.    "a limited



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                             Irvine, California            NAFTA: We Need It: How            jobs at AST       amount of
                                                           U.S. Companies View Their         Research, nor     business" in
                                                           Business Prospects Under          has it lead to    Mexico. "It's
                                                           NAFTA, National Association       any exports       not
                                                           of Manufacturers,                 to Mexico.        significant."
                                                           Washington, DC, November,         "We're not
                                                           1993. p.4                         doing
                                                                                             business in
                                                                                             Mexico. They
                                                                                             may have
                                                                                             been
                                                                                             planning to
                                                                                             focus some
                                                                                             energies
                                                                                             there but
                                                                                             they didn't." -
                                                                                             - Gerri Baker,
                                                                                             Public
                                                                                             Relations
                                                                                             Manager.
                           Atlanta Saw Company      JOBS   The President of Atlanta          According to      According to a
                                                           Saw, Joe Hall, commented in       International     September,
                             Food processing               regard to NAFTA, the "idea        Sales             1995 letter
                             saw manufacturer              that all these companies will     Director Sam      from Atlanta
                                                           vacate the US is crazy. Some      Hudson,           Saw President
                                                           will, I'm sure, but a lot, like   NAFTA             Joe Hall to
                             Atlanta, Georgia
                                                           Atlanta Saw, will increase        helped the        then U.S.
                                                           their sales there [Mexico]        firm              Trade
                                                           which will increase jobs here     increase          Representative
                                                           in the US," NAFTA: We Need        their sales       Mickey Kantor,
                                                           It: How U.S. Companies View       7% in 1994,       the company
                                                           Their Business Prospects          but the peso      "expects
                                                           Under NAFTA, National             devaluation       positive
                                                           Association of Manufacturers,     has "hurt".       benefits of
                                                           Washington, DC, November,         Hudson said       selling more
                                                           1993. p. 17                       the firm has      products in
                                                                                             not               Mexico when
                                                                                             increased         the
                                                                                             jobs because      peso/dollar
                                                                                             of NAFTA.         relationship
                                                                                                               returns to
                                                                                                               normal!" The
                                                                                                               peso is not
                                                                                                               expected to
                                                                                                               return to its
                                                                                                               pre-NAFTA
                                                                                                               exchange rate.

                            Company Type Promise Reality: 22 Months After NAFTA Reality: 3 Years After NAFTA

                           Bechtel Corporation    JOBS "The Company is at    According to         When asked if about
                                                       work in Mexico on     company              Bechtel's experience
                             Engineering and           power plants and on   Spokesperson         with NAFTA, Media
                             construction              a number of           Rick Lobshire,       Relations spokesman
                             management                assignments for       Bechtel views        Jeff Berger said, "Thank
                                                       PEMEX. NAFTA's        NAFTA as "a long     you, no. We do not
                                                       ratification would    term proposition     want to participate."



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                             San Francisco,          lead by 1995 to a     to the economic
                             California              projected 50          health of North     According to the
                                                     percent increase in   America."           July 22, 1995
                                                     the number of         Lobshire said       Francisco
                                                     Bechtel employees     there is "not any   Chronicle , Bechtel
                                                     working on these      way for jobs to     cut 1,600 jobs in
                                                     and other Latin       be created by       1995. "At the
                                                     American projects,"   Bechtel in only     beginning of the
                                                     NAFTA: We Need It:    20 months of the    year, 80 percent of
                                                     How U.S. Companies    agreement."         the firm's
                                                     View Their Business                       employees were in
                                                     Prospects Under         The               North America. But
                                                     NAFTA, National         Department        next year, two
                                                     Association of          of Labor's        thirds of its
                                                     Manufacturers,          NAFTA             projects will be
                                                     Washington, DC,         Trade             elsewhere...Bechtel
                                                     November, 1993. p.      Adjustment        would like to
                                                     4                       Assistance        bolster its overseas
                                                                             program           employees in the
                                                                             (NAFTA TAA)       next year to about
                                                                             denied an         5,500 from 4,000
                                                                             application       while reducing its
                                                                             representing      domestic
                                                                             74 workers        contingent by
                                                                             at Bechtel's      perhaps another
                                                                             Richland,         800..."
                                                                             Washington
                                                                             facility
                                                                             because the
                                                                             "workers do
                                                                             no produce
                                                                             an article".
                                                                             Workers who
                                                                             do not
                                                                             produce a
                                                                             product are
                                                                             not eligible
                                                                             to receive
                                                                             NAFTA TAA
                                                                             benefits.
                                                                             This type of
                                                                             denial does
                                                                             not mean
                                                                             that the
                                                                             firm's layoffs
                                                                             were not
                                                                             caused by
                                                                             NAFTA. It
                                                                             simply
                                                                             means those
                                                                             laid off
                                                                             workers did
                                                                             not create a
                                                                             product and
                                                                             therefore
                                                                             were not
                                                                             eligible for
                                                                             NAFTA TAA



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                                                                             benefits.

                           Bemiss-Jason            JOBS     "Plants in Newark,          According to human      According
                           Corporation                      California, Tyler Texas,    resources manager       to Human
                                                            Royersford,                 Leslie Williams,        Resources
                             Multifaceted                   Pennsylvania and            NAFTA has had "no       Manager
                             manufacturing firm             Neenah, Wisconsin will      impact on jobs" and     Leslie
                                                            increase production and     the firm's exports to   Williams,
                                                            employment as sales in      Mexico have not         "As far as
                             Royersford,
                                                            Mexico increase under       changed since           hiring
                             Pennsylvania
                                                            NAFTA," NAFTA: We           NAFTA.                  employees,
                                                            Need It: How U.S.                                   NAFTA
                                                            Companies View Their                                doesn't
                                                            Business Prospects                                  play any
                                                            Under NAFTA, National                               role."
                                                            Association of
                                                            Manufacturers,
                                                            Washington, DC,
                                                            November, 1993. p. xiv
                                                            and p.73



                            Company Type Promise Reality: 22 Months After NAFTA Reality: 3 Years After NAFTA

                           Beneficial Management   JOBS     "Under NAFTA, the            According to a         According
                           Corporation                      company expects to hire      company                to Vice
                                                            1-2 people at its U.S.       representative,        President
                             Financial services             headquarters for every       Beneficial             of
                             company                        Mexican office opened,"      Management             Corporate
                                                            NAFTA: We Need It: How       Corporation has        Community
                                                            U.S. Companies View          not opened any         Affairs Bob
                             Washington, DC
                                                            Their Business Prospects     offices in Mexico.     Wade, the
                                                            Under NAFTA, National                               company
                                                            Association of                                      has not
                                                            Manufacturers,                                      opened any
                                                            Washington, DC,                                     offices in
                                                            November, 1993. p.86                                Mexico.
                                                                                                                There has
                                                                                                                "not been
                                                                                                                much
                                                                                                                movement"
                                                                                                                with
                                                                                                                NAFTA.
                                                                                                                Beneficial
                                                                                                                is currently
                                                                                                                analyzing
                                                                                                                the
                                                                                                                possibilities
                                                                                                                of moving
                                                                                                                into the
                                                                                                                Mexican
                                                                                                                market.
                           Bijur Lubricating       EXPORTS "The company's               According to          According to
                           Corporation                     activities in and sales to   Marketing             International
                                                           Mexico have increased        Communications        Sales
                             Designer and                  over the past few years      Manager Peter         Manager



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                             manufacturer of                and even greater sales    Sweeny, NAFTA         Wendy
                             centralized                    are expected upon         "didn't affect us     Ripley,
                             lubricating                    implementation of         at all." When         "NAFTA has
                             equipment and                  NAFTA." According to      asked if NAFTA        not
                             drilling systems               Peter Sweeny,             supports 113          increased
                                                            marketing                 manufacturing         our sales."
                             Bennington,                    communications            jobs at his firm,
                             Vermont                        manager, "NAFTA will      Sweeny replied,
                                                            increase the demand for   "that statement
                                                            Bijur's products and      was somewhat
                                                            support approximately     ambiguous."
                                                            113 manufacturing jobs    Sweeny said 113
                                                            in Vermont," "The State   employees
                                                            of Vermont and NAFTA,"    worked at the
                                                            Department of             plant before
                                                            Commerce, Washington      NAFTA and he
                                                            DC, August, 1993. p. 1    thought NAFTA
                                                                                      might preserve
                                                                                      those jobs.



                            Company Type Promise Reality: 22 Months After NAFTA Reality: 3 Years After NAFTA

                           California Tomato       EXPORTS "With the                  According to        According to
                           Board                           implementation of          California          California
                                                           NAFTA, growers see         Tomato Board        Tomato Board
                             Association of                exports to Mexico          International       International
                             tomato growers                increasing from 7,000      Marketing           Marketing
                                                           metric tons this year to   Representative,     Representative
                                                           17,000 tons by 1995."      Beth Weibert,       Beth Weibert,
                             Fresno, CA
                                                                                      "Export levels      California
                                                               NAFTA: We Need It:     this year will      tomato
                                                               How U.S.               plunge. Exports     exports to
                                                               Companies View         hit rock bottom     Mexico still
                                                               Their Business         last month"         have not
                                                               Under NAFTA,           after having a      recovered
                                                               National Association   record export       from the
                                                               of Manufacturers,      year in 1994.       devaluation.
                                                               Washington, DC,        Exports so far      "The exchange
                                                               November, 1993. p.     this year are       rate, the
                                                               6                      "down 90% from      overall
                                                                                      this period last    economy and
                                                                                      year." Regarding    the wholesale
                                                                                      job creation, "     markets
                                                                                      to be perfectly     haven't
                                                                                      honest NAFTA        recovered
                                                                                      hosed us!" "We      from the
                                                                                      did not have        devaluation.
                                                                                      problems before     NAFTA wasn't
                                                                                      NAFTA. It           a factor in our
                                                                                      [NAFTA] is not      decreasing
                                                                                      worth writing       exports. It was
                                                                                      home about."        all due to the
                                                                                                          devaluation."
                           Canchola Foods          JOBS     "Canchola Foods operates According to     According to
                                                            4 McDonalds in Arizona.  Finance          Finance
                             Restaurant operator            NAFTA will increase the  Controller Steve Controller



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                             Tucson, Arizona                  flow of travelers in area.   Brazamonte,         Steve
                                                              Sales resulting from this    sales are down      Brazamonte,
                                                              increased flow may reach     substantially and   NAFTA has
                                                              $500,000 to $1,000,000.      ten people have     not led to
                                                              Employee numbers could       been laid off at    any increase
                                                              increase 10-20 per cent,"    Canchola Foods'     in jobs.
                                                              NAFTA: We Need It: How       two Nogales,        "Business
                                                              U.S. Companies View          Arizona             has been
                                                              Their Business Prospects     restaurants,        bad the past
                                                              Under NAFTA, National        "Since NAFTA has    couple of
                                                              Association of               passed, things      years
                                                              Manufacturers,               have gotten         because of
                                                              Washington, DC,              worse," said        the
                                                              November, 1993. p. 1         Brazamonte.         crackdown
                                                                                           "Because of the     on illegal
                                                                                           devaluation of      immigrants."
                                                                                           the peso, the       Most of the
                                                                                           buying power of     customers
                                                                                           Mexicans is         were people
                                                                                           down. At the        who walked
                                                                                           McDonalds two       across the
                                                                                           blocks from the     border and
                                                                                           border [in          ordered
                                                                                           Nogales] sales      food; now
                                                                                           are down 24%."      that there is
                                                                                                               an increase
                                                                                                               in border
                                                                                                               patrolling,
                                                                                                               the number
                                                                                                               of
                                                                                                               customers
                                                                                                               have
                                                                                                               decreased
                                                                                                               and so have
                                                                                                               sales, he
                                                                                                               said.



                            Company Type Promise Reality: 22 Months After NAFTA Reality: 3 Years After NAFTA

                           Caterpillar         EXPORTS "The NAFTA would           According to          Company
                                                       eliminate the incentive    Company               spokesperson
                             Producer of               to move operations to      spokesperson Jeff     Marsha Hausser
                             mining and                Mexico...U.S.              Hawkinson, "I don't   declined to
                             construction              companies would be         have the figures      respond to
                             equipment,                better able top serve      available to answer   inquiries.
                             and lift                  the Mexican market by      those questions."
                             truck,                    exporting, rather than                             According to
                             diesel, and               by moving                                          an October
                             gas turbine               production...Caterpillar                           11, 1994
                             engines                   estimates NAFTA -                                  letter to the
                                                       mandated tariff                                    editor of the
                                                       reductions -- coupled                              Chicago
                             Peoria,
                                                       with increased                                     Tribune
                             Illinois
                                                       economic growth --                                 written by
                                                       would increase demand                              Terry N.
                                                       in Mexico by 250-350                               Thorstenson,



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                                                     units annually," "The                  Director of
                                                     Impact of NAFTA on                     Corporate
                                                     Illinois," Prepared for                Public Affairs
                                                     USA*NAFTA by the                       for
                                                     Trade Partnership,                     Caterpillar,
                                                     Washington DC, June,                   "We calculate
                                                     1993. p. 6.                            that our
                                                                                            exports to
                                                                                            Mexico in
                                                                                            each of the
                                                                                            last two years
                                                                                            supported...
                                                                                            2,700
                                                                                            employees
                                                                                            who work for
                                                                                            our U.S.
                                                                                            suppliers."

                                                                                            NAFTA: We
                                                                                            Need It
                                                                                            published by
                                                                                            the National
                                                                                            Association of
                                                                                            Manufacturers
                                                                                            in November,
                                                                                            1993 lists the
                                                                                            U.S.
                                                                                            companies
                                                                                            which are
                                                                                            suppliers for
                                                                                            the
                                                                                            Caterpillar
                                                                                            D8N track
                                                                                            type tractor.
                                                                                            At least 5 of
                                                                                            those
                                                                                            companies
                                                                                            (Dayco
                                                                                            Products Inc.,
                                                                                            Parker
                                                                                            Hannifin,
                                                                                            Modine
                                                                                            Manufacturing
                                                                                            Company,
                                                                                            Eaton
                                                                                            Corporation
                                                                                            and Goodyear
                                                                                            Tire and
                                                                                            Rubber
                                                                                            Company )
                                                                                            were certified
                                                                                            by the
                                                                                            Department
                                                                                            of Labor's
                                                                                            NAFTA Trade
                                                                                            Adjustment
                                                                                            Assistance
                                                                                            program



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                                                                                                         (NAFTA TAA)
                                                                                                         as having laid
                                                                                                         off a total of
                                                                                                         2,081 workers
                                                                                                         due to
                                                                                                         NAFTA.
                           Cavanaugh Corp     EXPORTS     "Cavanaugh expects its     According to Finance     According
                                                          market to expand by        Controller, Jack Wald,   to the
                             Manufacturer                 50%; Have no plans to      "NAFTA has had no        Finance
                             of ultraviolet               relocate production,"      effect" on the           Controller,
                             printing inks                NAFTA: We Need It:         company. Wald said       Jack
                             and coatings                 How U.S. Companies         that exports have only   Wald,
                                                          View Their Business        increased "slightly."    NAFTA has
                                                          Prospects Under NAFTA,     NAFTA, he said, has      "not had
                             Flemington,
                                                          National Association of    not created any new      any
                             New Jersey
                                                          Manufacturers,             U.S. jobs.               significant
                                                          Washington, DC,                                     benefit
                                                          November, 1993. p. 53                               yet. It is
                                                                                                              no easier
                                                                                                              to ship
                                                                                                              things
                                                                                                              under
                                                                                                              NAFTA as
                                                                                                              there is
                                                                                                              still a
                                                                                                              duty, " he
                                                                                                              said. The
                                                                                                              company
                                                                                                              has not
                                                                                                              created
                                                                                                              any new
                                                                                                              jobs
                                                                                                              because of
                                                                                                              NAFTA.

                            Company Type Promise Reality: 22 Months After NAFTA Reality: 3 Years After NAFTA

                           Chrysler Corporation JOBS "With the passage of   According to Chrysler       According to
                                                     NAFTA, Chrysler is     Spokesperson Lori           Chrysler Manager
                             Automobile              planning to export     McTavish, Chrysler's        of Washington
                             manufacturer            25,000 vehicles to     Mexican sales of vehicles   Public Affairs
                                                     Mexico and Canada      imported from the           Chris Preuss, the
                                                     by 1995 and 80,000     United States has fallen    company exports
                             Highland Park,
                                                     by the year 2000.      from 8,595 for the first    very little into
                             Michigan
                                                     The sales will         six months of 1994 to       Mexico. In 1993
                                                     support 4,000 U.S.     1,838 for the first six     Chrysler exported
                                                     jobs by 1995,          months of 1995, a drop      6,000 units to
                                                     including Chrysler     78.4 %. Jason Vines,        Mexico, 17,000
                                                     employees and U.S.     Chrysler's Washington       units in 1994,
                                                     suppliers," NAFTA:     Director of Public          down to 3,700
                                                     We Need It: How        Relations could not         units in 1995 and
                                                     U.S. Companies         provide figures on job      up to 6,000 units
                                                     View Their Business    creation in the U.S. due    in 1996 (as of 11
                                                     Prospects Under        to NAFTA but did say,       96). The dealer
                                                     NAFTA, National        "We have been able to       network fell
                                                     Association of         preserve jobs at U.S.       apart with the
                                                     Manufacturers,         plants that didn't          peso crisis and



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                                                    Washington, DC,   previously export to       the company's
                                                    November, 1993.   Mexico such as St.         exports fell
                                                    pg. 38            Louis." University of      drastically. In
                                                                      Maryland economist         1995-96 exports
                                                                      Robert E. Scott            rose substantially
                                                                      estimates that 45,000      and the company
                                                                      jobs for U.S.              expects them to
                                                                      autoworkers do not exist   continue to rise
                                                                      because of the peso        steadily. In 1995
                                                                      devaluation.               the imports from
                                                                                                 Mexico to the
                                                                                                 U.S. totaled $2.5
                                                                                                 billion and the
                                                                                                 exports to Mexico
                                                                                                 from the U.S.
                                                                                                 totaled $2.1
                                                                                                 billion (mostly
                                                                                                 service parts).
                                                                                                 Job creation has
                                                                                                 been minimal in
                                                                                                 Mexico and
                                                                                                 Chrysler has not
                                                                                                 opened any new
                                                                                                 plants in Mexico,
                                                                                                 Preuss added.

                                                                                                   In 1996, the
                                                                                                   United States
                                                                                                   had a $27.7
                                                                                                   billion trade
                                                                                                   deficit in
                                                                                                   automobiles,
                                                                                                   light trucks
                                                                                                   and parts
                                                                                                   with Mexico
                                                                                                   and Canada
                                                                                                   - $15 billion
                                                                                                   with Mexico,
                                                                                                   $12.7 billion
                                                                                                   with Canada.


                                                                                                   According to
                                                                                                   the July 14,
                                                                                                   1996 El
                                                                                                   Financiero
                                                                                                   Weekly
                                                                                                   (Mexico
                                                                                                   City), in the
                                                                                                   first four
                                                                                                   months of
                                                                                                   1996 alone,
                                                                                                   Chrysler's
                                                                                                   Mexican
                                                                                                   plants
                                                                                                   assembled
                                                                                                   121,717
                                                                                                   passenger


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                                                                                            vehicles and
                                                                                            light trucks,
                                                                                            87.5% of
                                                                                            which were
                                                                                            exported,
                                                                                            most going to
                                                                                            the United
                                                                                            States.
                                                                                            According to
                                                                                            the July 2,
                                                                                            1996 Miami
                                                                                            Herald
                                                                                            "Chrysler
                                                                                            officials...say
                                                                                            their
                                                                                            [Mexican]
                                                                                            plants are
                                                                                            running at
                                                                                            full capacity
                                                                                            to meet
                                                                                            demand in
                                                                                            the United
                                                                                            States..."

                                                                                            According to
                                                                                            the
                                                                                            September
                                                                                            29, 1996
                                                                                            Financiero
                                                                                            Weekly
                                                                                            (Mexico
                                                                                            City),
                                                                                            "Chrysler
                                                                                            announced
                                                                                            on August
                                                                                            25th that it
                                                                                            would be
                                                                                            investing
                                                                                            several
                                                                                            hundred
                                                                                            million
                                                                                            dollars over
                                                                                            the next
                                                                                            three years
                                                                                            to build new
                                                                                            plants in
                                                                                            Mexico,
                                                                                            Brazil and
                                                                                            Argentina. In
                                                                                            Mexico, the
                                                                                            company
                                                                                            plans to
                                                                                            invest 80
                                                                                            million
                                                                                            dollars in an
                                                                                            auto parts
                                                                                            plant in
                                                                                            Saltillo,



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                                                                                                           Coahuila.
                                                                                                           Last year,
                                                                                                           Chrysler de
                                                                                                           Mexico
                                                                                                           opened a
                                                                                                           $300 million
                                                                                                           truck plant
                                                                                                           that is also in
                                                                                                           Saltillo."

                            Company Type Promise Reality: 22 Months After NAFTA Reality: 3 Years After NAFTA

                           Conlan           JOBS "The passage of NAFTA          According to Conlan             According
                           Engineering           could increase the size of     President Craig Carney, "We     to Conlan
                           Company, Inc          the firm exponentially with    currently have no business      President
                                                 potential opportunities.       with Mexico." According to      Craig
                             Engineering         NAFTA will create a greater    Carney, NAFTA has not led       Carney,
                             services            demand for Conlan's            to an increase in the size of   Conlan
                                                 engineering services,          his firm.                       Engineering
                                                 primarily in the areas of                                      has not
                             Longview,
                                                 environmental and civil                                        done any
                             Texas
                                                 engineering. Conlan feels                                      business
                                                 that it could increase                                         with
                                                 tenfold within the next five                                   Mexico
                                                 to ten years with the                                          since
                                                 passage of NAFTA," NAFTA:                                      NAFTA
                                                 We Need It: How U.S.                                           passed.
                                                 Companies View Their                                           The size of
                                                 Business Prospects Under                                       the
                                                 NAFTA, National                                                company
                                                 Association of                                                 has not
                                                 Manufacturers, Washington,                                     increased
                                                 DC, November, 1993. p.                                         due to
                                                 xiv, p. 79                                                     NAFTA.
                           Daimler Benz    JOBS "The company believes       According to the Director     According to the
                                                NAFTA would mean more       of Corporate Services for     Manager of
                             Motor              business for Freightliner   Daimler Benz, Olah            Corporate
                             vehicles           Corp. (one of its           Bukena-Howard, NAFTA          Information for
                                                companies) and more         has not meant any new         Daimler Benz,
                                                jobs in Portland, Oregon,   business for Freightliner     Christiana
                             Montvale,
                                                not fewer. NAFTA will       Corp. Daimler Benz had        Fisher,
                             New
                                                increase job growth for     been hoping to produce        Freightliner
                             Jersey
                                                over 22 subsidiary          parts in Mexico for           Corporation had
                                                companies operating in      Freightliner Corp. but that   started to
                                                the U.S.," NAFTA: We        has not yet occurred.         assemble trucks
                                                Need: How U.S.              Daimler Benz's sales to       in Mexico, but it
                                                Companies View Their        Mexico have dropped off       had to lay off
                                                Business Prospects Under    dramatically since the        hundreds of
                                                NAFTA, National             peso devaluation. "Mexico     workers due to
                                                Association of              is not a viable market at     the collapse of
                                                Manufacturers,              this point," Bukena-Howard    the peso. It was
                                                Washington, DC,             said. Daimler Benz did        a "very hard
                                                November, 1993. p.53        open a new $20 million        time," she said.
                                                                            manufacturing plant in        A sales and
                                                                            Cuautla, Mexico in            financing
                                                                            February, 1995. The plant     company has
                                                                            manufactures airbag           been created in



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                                                                       systems and other           Mexico, which
                                                                       automotive and industrial was not possible
                                                                       electronics and is expected before NAFTA. It
                                                                       to generate $30 million in has generated
                                                                       sales in 1995, according to about 10
                                                                       Bukena-Howard.              jobs, none of
                                                                                                   which are
                                                                                                   manufacturing
                                                                                                   jobs. The
                                                                                                   company has no
                                                                                                   accurate figures
                                                                                                   for jobs and
                                                                                                   exports because
                                                                                                   they have been
                                                                                                   hard to measure
                                                                                                   due to the
                                                                                                   collapse of the
                                                                                                   peso.

                                                                                                       In 1996, the
                                                                                                       United
                                                                                                       States had a
                                                                                                       $27.7 billion
                                                                                                       trade deficit
                                                                                                       in
                                                                                                       automobiles,
                                                                                                       light trucks
                                                                                                       and parts
                                                                                                       with Mexico
                                                                                                       and Canada
                                                                                                       $15 billion
                                                                                                       with Mexico,
                                                                                                       $12.7 with
                                                                                                       Canada.

                            Company Type Promise Reality: 22 Months After NAFTA Reality: 3 Years After NAFTA

                           Desert Rose Salsa Co.   EXPORTS Patti Swidler, owner     According to CEO Mary
                                                           of Desert Rose Salsa     Schaheen, the company
                             Food Processor and            Co., said that           has not exported to
                             Distributor                   Mexican companies        Mexico and has
                                                           are clamoring for        canceled indefinitely
                                                           distribution rights to   plans to expand to
                             Tucson, Arizona
                                                           Desert Rose              Mexico. The company
                                                           products, and she        was set to expand their
                                                           expects sales to         business to Mexico until
                                                           boom under the           the peso was devalued.
                                                           NAFTA just as their      "Everyone is very
                                                           Canadian exports         conservative about
                                                           increased as a result    speculating what could
                                                           of the CFTA              happen," Schaheen said.
                                                           [Canadian Free
                                                           Trade Agreement].
                                                           "The Impact of
                                                           NAFTA on Arizona,"
                                                           Prepared for
                                                           USA*NAFTA by the



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                                                            Trade Partnership,
                                                            Washington DC,
                                                            June, 1993. pg. 3




                           Dexter Corporation      JOBS   "Dexter employs 35     According to Director      When asked
                                                          people and expects     of Corporate               if Dexter
                             Adhesive and fabric          employment to          Development Richard        has been
                             manufacturers                increase under         Hurley, the company        able to
                                                          NAFTA," NAFTA: We      has not created any        increase its
                                                          Need It: How U.S.      new jobs because of        U.S.
                             Windsor Locks,
                                                          Companies View         NAFTA and doesn't          employment
                             Connecticut
                                                          Their Business         expect to in the future.   due to
                                                          Prospects Under                                   trade with
                                                          NAFTA, National                                   Mexico,
                                                          Association of                                    Sales
                                                          Manufacturers,                                    Products
                                                          Washington, DC,                                   Specialist
                                                          November, 1993. p.                                Pam Beach
                                                          xiv                                               replied,
                                                                                                            "No."
                                                                                                            According
                                                                                                            to Senior
                                                                                                            Division
                                                                                                            President
                                                                                                            Dan Clark,
                                                                                                            NAFTA has
                                                                                                            not led to
                                                                                                            an increase
                                                                                                            in jobs.
                                                                                                            "NAFTA has
                                                                                                            not
                                                                                                            affected us
                                                                                                            one way or
                                                                                                            another.
                                                                                                            NAFTA has
                                                                                                            yet to
                                                                                                            develop
                                                                                                            into
                                                                                                            something,"
                                                                                                            he added.

                            Company Type Promise Reality: 22 Months After NAFTA Reality: 3 Years After NAFTA




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                           Dodge-Regupol,   JOBS "[B]ecause we are an            The U.S. trade         The U.S. trade
                           Inc.                  environmental company, our      surplus with Mexico surplus with
                                                 sales to these regions will     turned into a trade Mexico has
                             Rubber              directly help the general       deficit in the fall of turned into a
                             recycler            environment by reducing         1994. In the first six $16.8 billion
                                                 waste and landfill              months of 1995, U.S. annual trade
                                                 requirements in these areas."   trade with Mexico      deficit.
                             Lancaster,
                                                 "With NAFTA, the U.S. trade     created an $8.6
                             Pennsylvania
                                                 surplus with Mexico will        billion trade deficit    According
                                                 continue and will create more   which is expected to     to Chief
                                                 U.S. jobs," Statement by        reach $15 billion by     Financial
                                                 George C. Soukas, Dodge-        the end of the year.     Officer
                                                 Regupol, Inc., on behalf of     According to George      George
                                                 USA*NAFTA, before House         Soukas, the firm's       Soukas, the
                                                 Ways & Means Committee, p.      exports to Mexico        peso
                                                 156, Sep. 14, 1993.             had increased before devaluation
                                                                                 NAFTA and that           has made
                                                                                 boom extended until trading
                                                                                 the peso                 with
                                                                                 devaluation. "The        Mexico
                                                                                 business in Mexico       harder.
                                                                                 has bottomed out. It     When
                                                                                 is not a lucrative       asked if
                                                                                 market to be in right there was
                                                                                 now...It's really,       an increase
                                                                                 really pretty bad."      in jobs or
                                                                                                          exports
                                                                                                          because of
                                                                                                          NAFTA, he
                                                                                                          replied "I
                                                                                                          can't say
                                                                                                          that." He
                                                                                                          added that
                                                                                                          the
                                                                                                          company is
                                                                                                          still selling
                                                                                                          in Mexico
                                                                                                          but it has
                                                                                                          to quantify
                                                                                                          how much
                                                                                                          because a
                                                                                                          lot of it is
                                                                                                          indirect.
                           Donaldson        JOBS "NAFTA...will increase both     According to           According to
                           Company Inc.          its US and Mexican              company                company
                                                 employment," NAFTA: We          spokesperson Jim       spokesperson
                             Filtration          Need It: How U.S. Companies     Giertz, NAFTA has      Jim Giertz,
                             products            View Their Business Prospects   had "basically no      NAFTA has had
                                                 Under NAFTA, National           effect on              "no impact" on
                                                 Association of Manufacturers,   employment" at the     job creation in
                             Minneapolis,
                                                 Washington, DC, November,       company. Giertz said   the company.
                             Minnesota
                                                 1993. p. 49                     that exports to
                                                                                 Mexico were not           Donaldson
                                                                                 effected by NAFTA         has done
                                                                                 and "have                 business
                                                                                 dramatically slowed       with
                                                                                 down since the peso       Mexico



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                                                                                 devaluation."             and
                                                                                                           Canada in
                                                                                                           the past
                                                                                                           and
                                                                                                           present,
                                                                                                           but
                                                                                                           production
                                                                                                           has not
                                                                                                           changed.



                            Company Type Promise Reality: 22 Months After NAFTA Reality: 3 Years After NAFTA

                           Eastman Kodak     EXPORTS "With these trade           According to Kodak's    According to
                                                     barriers out of the way,    Director of Export      the
                             Photographic            Kodak anticipates that it   Regulation, Alan        spokesperson
                             and                     will double its US          Wander, Kodak's         for Kodak's
                             duplication             exports to Mexico to        exports to Mexico       Corporate
                             product                 $250 million by 1995 and    reached $238 million    Media
                             manufacturing           double them again to        in 1994. This was up    Relations,
                                                     $500 million by the year    20% from 1993. Since    Charlie Smith,
                                                     2000," NAFTA: We Need       the peso devaluation    Kodak sales in
                             Rochester,
                                                     It: How U.S. Companies      exports are down        Mexico have
                             New York
                                                     View Their Business         20%-25%. Wander         "declined."
                                                     Prospects Under NAFTA,      predicts exports to     "Exports from
                                                     National Association of     Mexico for 1995 will    our
                                                     Manufacturers,              reach $190 million.     manufacturing
                                                     Washington, DC,             Reaching $500 million   areas in
                                                     November 1993. p. xiii.     in exports to Mexico    Mexico have
                                                                                 by the year 2000, is    been
                                                                                 still a "reachable      approximately
                                                                                 goal" for Kodak,        55% to the
                                                                                 Wander said.            U.S. and
                                                                                                         Canada," he
                                                                                                         said. Kodak
                                                                                                         exports from
                                                                                                         Mexico to the
                                                                                                         U.S. and
                                                                                                         Canada
                                                                                                         "increased
                                                                                                         more than
                                                                                                         20% in both
                                                                                                         1995 and
                                                                                                         1996."
                           Federal Express JOBS "In Miami alone, Fed Ex has   According to Senior       According to
                           Corporation          added twelve full -time       Specialist in Media for   FedEx Public
                                                employees to support          Federal Express           Relations
                             Express            business with Mexico, and     Sandra Munoz, would       spokesman Bill
                             mailing            anticipates a further         not answer questions      Carol, "We
                             and                increase in US jobs once      relating to NAFTA's       have seen a
                             shipping           NAFTA is approved," NAFTA:    effect on the firm's      surge in
                             corporation        We Need It: How U.S.          U.S. employment.          outbound and
                                                Companies View Their                                    inbound traffic
                                                Business Prospects Under                                in Mexico.
                             Memphis,
                                                NAFTA, National Association                             However, we
                             Tennessee
                                                of Manufacturers,                                       believe that
                                                Washington, DC, November,                               several factors



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                                                1993. p. 78                                         contribute to
                                                                                                    that increase:
                                                                                                    One is the
                                                                                                    implementation
                                                                                                    of the NAFTA,
                                                                                                    which has
                                                                                                    helped to
                                                                                                    reduce costs
                                                                                                    and simplify
                                                                                                    trade between
                                                                                                    Mexico, the US
                                                                                                    and Canada.
                                                                                                    Because of the
                                                                                                    devaluation of
                                                                                                    the peso,
                                                                                                    Mexican
                                                                                                    exports are
                                                                                                    more
                                                                                                    competitively
                                                                                                    priced. In
                                                                                                    addition, as a
                                                                                                    result of the
                                                                                                    domestic
                                                                                                    recession in
                                                                                                    Mexico,
                                                                                                    manufacturers
                                                                                                    are more
                                                                                                    heavily focused
                                                                                                    on production
                                                                                                    for foreign
                                                                                                    trade. We
                                                                                                    believe all of
                                                                                                    these factors
                                                                                                    contribute to
                                                                                                    the increase in
                                                                                                    export traffic
                                                                                                    from Mexico. It
                                                                                                    would be
                                                                                                    difficult to
                                                                                                    determine
                                                                                                    exactly how
                                                                                                    much of the
                                                                                                    increase is
                                                                                                    attributed to
                                                                                                    NAFTA and how
                                                                                                    much to other
                                                                                                    forces."

                            Company Type Promise Reality: 22 Months After NAFTA Reality: 3 Years After NAFTA

                           FMC Corporation JOBS "If NAFTA is ratified,   According to Vice-President for   Vice
                                                FMC projects its         Latin America, the Middle East    President
                             Machinery          exports to Mexico will   and Africa Peter Weber, it is     for Latin
                             and chemical       increase to $73          "hard to say what the actual      America,
                             manufacturer       million by the end of    impact [of NAFTA] on jobs and     the Middle
                                                1994, creating           exports was because of the peso   East and
                                                approximately 600        devaluation." Weber said, that    Africa
                             Chicago,



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                             Illinois              additional US jobs for between 1990 and 1994, exports        Peter
                                                   FMC and its suppliers," to Mexico increased 30% a year       Weber
                                                   NAFTA : We Need it: and estimated that jobs had              would not
                                                   How U.S. Companies been created based on model               participate
                                                   View Their Business     where increased exports equal        in the
                                                   Prospects Under         new jobs. In 1995, he said,          survey.
                                                   NAFTA, National         "export sales have declined."
                                                   Association of          Asked if the peso devaluation
                                                   Manufacturers,          and subsequent decline in
                                                   Washington, DC,         exports was responsible for
                                                   November, 1993. p. 27 losing any U.S. jobs, Weber
                                                                           replied, "It would seem to follow
                                                                           the model. It's hard to say."
                           General Electric   JOBS "We are looking    According to GE spokesperson     According to
                                                   at another $7.5    Phyllis Piano, General           General Electric
                             Electrical            billion in         Electric's exports to Mexico     Spokesman David
                             product               potential sales    were up 68% in 1994, most of     Warshaw, GE has
                             manufacturer          over the next      that being exports from the      had a "positive
                                                   10 years. These    United States. When asked        success in Mexico
                                                   sales could        how NAFTA had affected jobs      related to growth in
                             Fairfield,
                                                   support 10,000     Piano said, "It's very hard to   the Mexican
                             Connecticut
                                                   jobs for           say." Piano also stated the      economy." He said
                                                   General            effect of the peso               that there were no
                                                   Electric and its   devaluation on GE had been,      specifics on any
                                                   suppliers. We      "minimal".                       sales or job
                                                   fervently                                           increases.
                                                   believe that         The Department of
                                                   these jobs           Labor's NAFTA Trade              The
                                                   depend on the        Adjustment Assistance            Department of
                                                   success of this      program (NAFTA TAA) has          Labor's NAFTA
                                                   agreement,"          certified that 146               Trade
                                                   Michael              General Electric workers         Adjustment
                                                   Gadbaw,              were laid off due to a           Assistance
                                                   General              "Shift in production to          program
                                                   Electric USA -       Mexico" (95 workers at           (NAFTA TAA)
                                                   NAFTA before         General Electric's Fort          has certified
                                                   the House            Wayne Indiana facility           that an
                                                   Foreign Affairs      and 51 workers at their          additional
                                                   Committee,           Rome, Georgia                    2,158 GE
                                                   Oct. 21, 1993.                                        workers were
                                                                                                         laid off due to
                                                                                                         NAFTA, bringing
                                                                                                         GE's total up to
                                                                                                         2,304. Those
                                                                                                         certifications
                                                                                                         include: 2,108
                                                                                                         workers
                                                                                                         certified as
                                                                                                         having been
                                                                                                         laidoff due to a
                                                                                                         "shift in
                                                                                                         production to
                                                                                                         Mexico"; 1,500
                                                                                                         and 163 in two
                                                                                                         Erie,
                                                                                                         Pennsylvania
                                                                                                         plants and 445



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                                                                                                     workers in a
                                                                                                     Hickory, North
                                                                                                     Carolina plant.
                                                                                                     50 workers in a
                                                                                                     Bucyrus, Ohio
                                                                                                     plant were
                                                                                                     certified as
                                                                                                     having been
                                                                                                     laidoff to a
                                                                                                     "shift in
                                                                                                     production to
                                                                                                     Canada".

                                                                                                     According to
                                                                                                     GE's 1995
                                                                                                     Annual Report,
                                                                                                     "we increased
                                                                                                     our industrial
                                                                                                     motor
                                                                                                     manufacturing
                                                                                                     capability in
                                                                                                     Monterrey,
                                                                                                     Mexico, to
                                                                                                     reposition

                                                                                                     our
                                                                                                     competitiveness
                                                                                                     in AC and DC
                                                                                                     industrial
                                                                                                     motors."

                            Company Type Promise Reality: 22 Months After NAFTA Reality: 3 Years After NAFTA

                           General Motors   EXPORTS "Contrary to           According to Linda        According to their
                                                    predictions by many    Cook, director or         1995 annual
                             Automobile             that the NAFTA will    corporate                 report, General
                             manufacturer           lead to the transfer   communications for        Motors sales in
                                                    of U.S. production     General Motors North      Mexico were
                                                    to Mexico, both GM     America, General          down 64% in 1995.
                             Detroit,
                                                    and Ford have made     Motors planned to ship
                             Michigan
                                                    plans in the United    15,000 vehicles to          According to
                                                    States and             Mexico in 1995.             Public
                                                    Canada...GM            "Because of the             Relations
                                                    predicts that the      economic situation in       Spokesman
                                                    U.S.'s automotive      Mexico very few of          Randy Dove,
                                                    trade deficit with     those shipments have
                                                    Mexico, currently      occurred.", stated
                                                                                                       "We can say
                                                    running at $ 2         Cook. According to the
                                                                                                       that the
                                                    billion a year will    U.S. Department of
                                                                                                       atmosphere
                                                    shift to a trade       Commerce, the U.S.
                                                                                                       certainly
                                                    surplus under          motor vehicle trade
                                                                                                       seems more
                                                    NAFTA," "The           deficit with Mexico has
                                                                                                       open and
                                                    Impact of NAFTA on     been steadily
                                                                                                       people do
                                                    Illinois", Prepared    increasing since before
                                                                                                       seem more
                                                    for USA*NAFTA by       NAFTA. During 1993
                                                                                                       receptive
                                                    the Trade              the motor vehicle
                                                                                                       since NAFTA.
                                                    Partnership,           trade deficit stood at



http://www.citizen.org/trade/nafta/jobs/articles.cfm?ID=1768                                    1/22/2003
Public Citizen | Global Trade Watch | Global Trade Watch - NAFTA's Broken Promise... Page 23 of 26


                                                     Washington DC,     $3.0 billion. This        We already
                                                     June, 1993. p. 5   deficit increased to      have business
                                                                        $3.3 billion in 1994,     in those
                                                                        the first year after      countries
                                                                        NAFTA. The 1995           [Mexico and
                                                                        deficit is on pace to     Canada] and
                                                                        climb even higher. For    we certainly
                                                                        the first six months of   feel the
                                                                        1995 the deficit was      prospects are
                                                                        $2.2 billion, up 64 %     good."
                                                                        from the same time
                                                                        last year.                In 1996, the
                                                                                                  United States
                                                                                                  had a $27.7
                                                                                                  billion trade
                                                                                                  deficit in
                                                                                                  automobiles,
                                                                                                  light trucks
                                                                                                  and parts
                                                                                                  with Mexico
                                                                                                  and Canada
                                                                                                  $15 billion
                                                                                                  with Mexico,
                                                                                                  $12.7 billion
                                                                                                  with Canada.

                                                                                                  According to
                                                                                                  the February
                                                                                                  20, 1996
                                                                                                  Moines
                                                                                                  Register
                                                                                                  employees
                                                                                                  earning $6.50
                                                                                                  an hour at
                                                                                                  the Lucas,
                                                                                                  Iowa based
                                                                                                  Lucas
                                                                                                  Products
                                                                                                  were "laid
                                                                                                  off" in late
                                                                                                  1994 when
                                                                                                  "GM moved
                                                                                                  production to
                                                                                                  Mexico to
                                                                                                  take
                                                                                                  advantage of
                                                                                                  lower wages
                                                                                                  and the North
                                                                                                  American
                                                                                                  Free Trade
                                                                                                  Agreement."

                                                                                                  According to
                                                                                                  the June 23,
                                                                                                  1996 El
                                                                                                  Financiero
                                                                                                  International



http://www.citizen.org/trade/nafta/jobs/articles.cfm?ID=1768                                  1/22/2003
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                                                                                            (Mexico City),
                                                                                            in 1995
                                                                                            Mexican sales
                                                                                            of Mexican
                                                                                            produced and
                                                                                            imported
                                                                                            models of
                                                                                            General
                                                                                            Motors de
                                                                                            Mexico
                                                                                            dropped 65%
                                                                                            to 41,000 in
                                                                                            1995 while
                                                                                            vehicle
                                                                                            production
                                                                                            increased 24
                                                                                            percent to
                                                                                            199,000
                                                                                            units.

                                                                                            According to
                                                                                            April 26, 1996
                                                                                            Miami Herald
                                                                                            International
                                                                                            "General
                                                                                            Motors Corp.
                                                                                            plans to
                                                                                            invest $276
                                                                                            million in its
                                                                                            Mexican
                                                                                            operations
                                                                                            this
                                                                                            year...GM
                                                                                            invested $356
                                                                                            million in
                                                                                            Mexico in
                                                                                            1995."

                                                                                            According to
                                                                                            the
                                                                                            November 20,
                                                                                            1996 States
                                                                                            News Briefs
                                                                                            "General
                                                                                            Motors will
                                                                                            spend over
                                                                                            $22 million to
                                                                                            expand its
                                                                                            Delphi parts
                                                                                            plant in
                                                                                            Ciudad
                                                                                            Juarez,
                                                                                            Mexico across
                                                                                            the border
                                                                                            from El Paso.
                                                                                            One thousand
                                                                                            new jobs are
                                                                                            expected to


http://www.citizen.org/trade/nafta/jobs/articles.cfm?ID=1768                            1/22/2003
Public Citizen | Global Trade Watch | Global Trade Watch - NAFTA's Broken Promise... Page 25 of 26


                                                                                                       be created as
                                                                                                       the plant
                                                                                                       nearly
                                                                                                       doubles in
                                                                                                       size. Eighteen
                                                                                                       thousand
                                                                                                       people
                                                                                                       already work
                                                                                                       at the facility
                                                                                                       including
                                                                                                       some El Paso
                                                                                                       residents."

                            Company Type Promise Reality: 22 Months After NAFTA Reality: 3 Years After NAFTA

                           General Tire      JOBS "Improving our           According to spokesperson Ed     According to
                                                  competitive position     Coleho, the firm has had "no     Export
                             Tire                 should permit us to      major changes in employment      Manager
                             manufacturer         employ more workers      at all." Coleho said the firm    Tom Kish,
                                                  in the United States,"   "imports more [from Mexico       the company
                                                  NAFTA: We Need It:       and Canada] than exports [to     has not
                             Akron, Ohio
                                                  How U.S. Companies       Mexico and Canada],              created any
                                                  View Their Business      especially from Canada. The      new jobs
                                                  Prospects Under          firm has not increased exports   due to
                                                  NAFTA, National          to Mexico," he said.             NAFTA. The
                                                  Association of                                            company has
                                                  Manufacturers,                                            been
                                                  Washington, DC,                                           downsizing
                                                  November, 1993. p.                                        for the past
                                                  70                                                        3 years and
                                                                                                            has moved
                                                                                                            their
                                                                                                            headquarters
                                                                                                            from
                                                                                                            Arkansas to
                                                                                                            Charlotte
                                                                                                            and
                                                                                                            realigned
                                                                                                            many job
                                                                                                            functions. In
                                                                                                            the last year
                                                                                                            they have
                                                                                                            increased
                                                                                                            sales of
                                                                                                            commercial
                                                                                                            truck tires to
                                                                                                            Mexico.

                            Go To:
                            Articles
                            Reports
                            Press Releases
                            Publications
                            Other Helpful Sources

                            Related Topics
                            Articles:          n    (11/1/98) : Occupational Safety and Health; Labor Rights (U.S.



http://www.citizen.org/trade/nafta/jobs/articles.cfm?ID=1768                                      1/22/2003
Public Citizen | Global Trade Watch | Global Trade Watch - NAFTA's Broken Promise... Page 26 of 26

                                                       Department of Labor Finds Mexican Maquiladora Plant and
                                                       Mexican Officials Violated Mexican Labor, Health, and Safety
                                                       Laws)
                              Reports:             n   (2/1/97) NAFTA's Broken Promises: Failure to Create U.S. Jobs
                              Press Releases:      n   (1/7/03) Day After Announcing Dubious “Stimulus” Package
                                                       Aimed at Creating U.S. Jobs, Bush Administration Launches Talks
                                                       to Expand Job-Killing NAFTA




                              Publications:        n   (9/3/02) Adding Insult to Injury for Pennsylvania Workers:
                                                       Implications of Congress' Approval of a Fast Track Expansion of
                                                       NAFTA to 31 Countries and a Weak Safety Net for Workers
                                                   n   (2/1/97) NAFTA's Broken Promises: Failure to Create US Jobs
                              Other Helpful        n   "Fast Track to Lost Jobs: Trade Deficits and Manufacturing
                              Sources:                 Decline Are the Legacies of NAFTA and the WTO"
                                                   n   "The Free Trade Magic Act: In a Dubious Study, First You See the
                                                       Benefits of Globalization, Then You Don't"
                                                   n   "The Unremarkable Record of Liberalized Trade" (EPI Report)
                                                   n   "Will New Trade Gains Make Us Rich? An Assessment of the
                                                       Prospective Gains from New Trade Agreements"


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http://www.citizen.org/trade/nafta/jobs/articles.cfm?ID=1768                                               1/22/2003

				
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