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									Public Citizen | NAFTA and Workers' Rights and Jobs - NAFTA and Workers' Rights an...                   Page 1 of 2

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       Harmonization          The central focus of pro-NAFTA campaigning was the issue of U.S. job creation, so it is
       Other Issues           fair to measure NAFTA's real-life results against its backers' expansive promises of
       Congressional Voting   hundreds of thousands of new, high-paying U.S. jobs. However, even measured against
       Records                the more lenient "do no harm" standard, NAFTA has been a failure. Using trade flow
       Take Action!           data to calculate job loss under NAFTA (incorporating exactly the formula used by
                              NAFTA's backers to predict 200,000 per year NAFTA job creation) yields net job
                              destruction numbers in the hundreds of thousands. Whether the loss of hundreds of
                              thousands of jobs qualifies as "a giant sucking sound" depends on the ear of the listener.
                              It is clear, however, that NAFTA has indisputably led to widespread job loss, with
  Entire Site                 over 412,177 U.S. workers certified as NAFTA casualties under just one narrow
  For Keyword(s)              government program. The fact that job growth totally unrelated to NAFTA has produced
                Search        a net gain in U.S. employment during this period in no way changes the reality that
                              NAFTA has cost large numbers of individual workers their jobs, most of whom are now
                              unemployed or working at jobs that pay less than the ones they lost.
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                              The U.S. economy created jobs at a fairly rapid rate in the 1990s, but without NAFTA,
                              hundreds of thousands of full time, high wage, benefit-paying manufacturing jobs would
                              not have been lost. It is also important to note that while the U.S. economy is
                              generating substantial numbers of new jobs in absolute terms, the quality of the jobs
  Keep up with Public         created is often poor. The U.S. Department of Labor projects that the professions with
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                              the greatest expected future growth in the U.S. are cashiers, waiters and waitresses,
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                              janitors and retail clerks. These and other lower-wage service jobs are the kind that
                              will most likely be available to workers displaced by NAFTA.

                              Economic surveys of dislocated workers shows that the jobs lost to NAFTA, in many
                              cases high-paying manufacturing jobs, are, in the majority of cases, replaced by lower
                              paid employment. NAFTA also has had a negative effect on the wages of many
                              Americans whose jobs have not been relocated but whose wage bargaining power with
                              their employers is substantially lessened; NAFTA puts them in direct competition with
                              skilled, educated Mexican workers who work for a dollar or two an hour or less. NAFTA
                              was supposed to ameliorate this problem by raising Mexican living standards and wages.
                              Instead, both have plummeted, harming the economic prospects for workers on both
                              sides of the border.

                                                   Trade Adjustment Assistance (TAA) Database
                                                Search Job Loses Due to NAFTA by State or Company                                                                 1/22/2003
Public Citizen | NAFTA and Workers' Rights and Jobs - NAFTA and Workers' Rights an...                       Page 2 of 2

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                               Press Releases
                               Other Helpful Sources

                               Related Topics
                               Articles:             n   (11/1/98) : Occupational Safety and Health; Labor Rights (U.S.
                                                         Department of Labor Finds Mexican Maquiladora Plant and
                                                         Mexican Officials Violated Mexican Labor, Health, and Safety
                               Reports:              n   (2/1/97) NAFTA's Broken Promises: Failure to Create U.S. Jobs
                                                     n   (2/1/97) NAFTA's Broken Promises: Failure to Create U.S. Jobs
                               Press Releases:       n   (1/7/03) Day After Announcing Dubious “Stimulus” Package
                                                         Aimed at Creating U.S. Jobs, Bush Administration Launches Talks
                                                         to Expand Job-Killing NAFTA

                               Publications:         n   (9/3/02) Adding Insult to Injury for Pennsylvania Workers:
                                                         Implications of Congress' Approval of a Fast Track Expansion of
                                                         NAFTA to 31 Countries and a Weak Safety Net for Workers
                                                     n   (2/1/97) NAFTA's Broken Promises: Failure to Create US Jobs
                               Other Helpful         n   "Fast Track to Lost Jobs: Trade Deficits and Manufacturing
                               Sources:                  Decline Are the Legacies of NAFTA and the WTO"
                                                     n   "The Free Trade Magic Act: In a Dubious Study, First You See the
                                                         Benefits of Globalization, Then You Don't"
                                                     n   "The Unremarkable Record of Liberalized Trade" (EPI Report)
                                                     n   "Will New Trade Gains Make Us Rich? An Assessment of the
                                                         Prospective Gains from New Trade Agreements"

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