Essential Questions -
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APUSH Reconstruction Monday 1/4/10-The year is 1863. We must consider the fact that someday the Union will be restored but what kind of Union and how will be restored? We must start planning for this. Before we begin, let us consider some basic questions. Essential Questions- 1)How do we bring the rebellious states back into “correct relationship with the Union”? 2)What is to happen to the “Freedman” in the South? 3) Which branch should be in charge of the process, (see 1 and 2), Congress of the Presdent? Whole class presentation. Now, we need the context and background to this decision-making. Review excerpts from Horace Greeleyʼs letter to Lincoln and Lincolnʼs reply. What two visions of the war emerge? How might this impact the questions raised above? Next, in class we will read and consider the Lincolnʼs Second Inaugural Address. We will analyze this for Lincolnʼs intentions for reconstruction together. http://showcase.netins.net/web/creative/lincoln/speeches/inaug2.htm Independent Work- Next, look at Lincolnʼs plan for reconstruction and determine which essential questions might be answered by this and how. http://www.history.umd.edu/Freedmen/procamn.htm Next, let us read and consider the “Wade-Davis” bill. How does this compare with Lincolnʼs plan? List the similarities and differences. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/633768/Wade-Davis-Bill Read Lincolnʼs Response (scroll down for this) http://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?flash=true&doc=37&page=transcript Read the Wade Davis Manifesto Summarize in one sentence the difference in opinion on reconstruction between the executive and legislature. http://www.let.rug.nl/usa/D/1851-1875/reconstruction/wdmani.htm Finally, read Lincolnʼs last public address (I will provide this) which further explains his view on reoconstruction. Are you convinced by his vision of reconstruction? Why or why not? Reference the text of the speech. Whole class disucssion After this “back and forth”, Congress went into recess. What do you predict would have happened had Lincoln NOT been killed? What opposing forces seem to be gathering and why? Who do you think would have had control over reconstruction policy, Congress or the President. What constituttional arguments can the executive make to justify controlling this? Homework-Finish the last question and 437-439, 443-445 Prepare for quiz A question to consider: Did Andrew Johson honor Lincolnʼs plans for Reconstruction? Why or why not? Tuesday Quiz and quick discussion of Johnson and his plans. Were they different or the same as Lincoln”s? Why did he prefere “Restoration” instead of “Reconstruction”? Life of the freedmen- You will investigate the life of the ex slaves. First, use the text by reading 431- 435. Next, we will use Freedmanʼs Bureau records to understand this and get an introduction to how historians work. In class, do “Freedmans Bureau” activity Congressional Reconstruction activity. Tomorrow, you will get a role to play. You will be from the North or South, Radical or Conservative. It is the summer and fall of 1865. Before getting back into session, you have been researching what the condition of the South is in order to assess how well the Presidentʼs plan will work. Use the text reading from last night and the primary sources below to do this. You will find a report of on the conditions of the South at http://www.britannica.com/bps/additionalcontent/8/116879/Document-Ulysses-S-Grant-Report-on- Conditions-in-the-South For a Southern point of view http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/documents/documents_p2.cfm?doc=180 And Freedmanʼs point of view http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/reconstruction/sharecrop/ps_adams.html You will find out about your character at http://education.harpweek.com/TheReconstructionConvention/TheCastOfCharacters/CastOfCharacters.ht m Finish for homework. Be prepared. Wednesday1/6 Debate the Presidentʼs Plan and the way forward. Role play: we will go through some events of the day and see how you react. Homework-445-452 Very Important Section!!! Thursday 1/7 Quiz -In class, read and debate-Was Johnsonʼs Impeachment the right thing to do? Read Eric Fonerʼs arrticle about impeachment http://www.gilderlehrman.org/teachers/seminar_docs/recon_doc3.html Was the impeachment the right thing to do? Next-In class, do “Freedmans Bureau Outrage” activity. Next, we will be answering the following questions: 1)To what extent was Reconstruction a “failure”? 2) Explain the root causes of the failure. In order to answer these, we will use the text and outside readings. Begin reading 452-461.Use the subheads as an organizing tool to keep notes in order to answer these two questions. List each subhead and next to it, list any data that might answer the above questions. You may want to organize this by way of a chart with the questions on the x-axis and subheads on the y-axis. Homework-Text reading above. Friday 1/8/10 - Discuss Share notes in class. You will now be assigned several readings that describe Reconstruction that goes to the above questions. These include: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/reconstruction/kkk/sf_klan.html http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/reconstruction/40acres/sf_violence.html http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/reconstruction/activism/sf_rights.html http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/reconstruction/sharecrop/sf_economy.html Continue taking notes in the same fashion as last night. When done, make an outline as if you were going to turn this into a paper. Use the proper writing format. Due on Monday. Extra credit will be given to those that turn it into an actual paper. You may answer either of the above Monday 1/13/10-Share outines and discuss the history around this. Now, the story of Reconstruction is an object lesson in the importance of history to current society. The history of Reconstruction was created to show how the era of Radical rule was corrupt and evil. “Redeemers” saved the South as did organizations like the KKK. This all justified segregation and discrimination. But, does this story work? First, see examples of the “traditional” history http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/reconstruction/plantation/ps_dixon.html http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/reconstruction/kkk/ps_marston.html http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/reconstruction/carpetbagger/ps_bullock.html Now, for countering that with my thoughts and… http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/reconstruction/plantation/sf_myths.html Review project: With partners, create a review of Reconstruction by way of Thomas Nast political cartoons. Choose cartoons in chronological order that apply to important events or trends Reconstruction. Put a caption with each explaining its use. Use… http://www.thomasnast.com/TheCartoons/NastCartoons.htm http://www.impeach-andrewjohnson.com/ListOfIllustrations/ListOfIllustrations.htm Tuesday1/14/10-Share projects and see a presentation around Nast. My final thoughts. Review for test Wed. 1/15 Test-Objective-15 minutes Essay-60 minutes Homework-To Be Announced.