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									                                                                                   HRMS Science Fair
                                                                                   Date: Tuesday, January 26, 2010     1
                                                                                   Time: 6:00 – 7:00



Eight Steps to the
Holly Ridge Middle School Science Fair
Science fair projects are a great way to learn about time management and
responsibility. Pace yourself. Projects should not be rushed at the last minute.


Time Line                                                                           Due Date

Step One              Write Your Proposal

Step Two              Conduct Your Background Research                              Step A: ________________
                                                                                    Step B: ________________
                                                                                    Step C: ________________
                                                                                    Step D: ________________

Step Three            Identify Your Hypothesis, Groups and
                      Variables, Design Your Data Table

Step Four             Write Your Experiment

Step Five             Conduct Your Experiment and Record Your
                      Data

Step Six              Write about Your Results

Step Seven            Write a Formal Lab Report (lab notebook is due
                      with lab report)

Step Eight            Make a Tri-Fold Poster Display of Your Project



Lab Notebook: Keep a daily journal about your project in a bound composition notebook. The Lab
notebook is a detailed account of every phase of your project from the initial brainstorming to the
final research report. The lab notebook is proof that certain activities occurred at specific times.
Approach the notebook like a journal, dating each day. Entries should include everything related to
the project: what you did that day, observations, telephone numbers, receipts, messages to
yourself, personal thoughts and ideas, etc…. Staple/tape the pages of this packet into your
notebook as each section is approved by your teacher. This paper should be the first page of your
notebook.


For support on your project visit http://www.artisandevelopers.com/web/sciencefair/ .          Marilyn.Jesrani, 2008
                                                                                                                2


Step One
Write Your Proposal

Problem (What problem are you trying to solve?:
          ________________________________________________________
          ________________________________________________________
          ________________________________________________________
          ________________________________________________________
Description of your experiment:
          ________________________________________________________
          ________________________________________________________
          ________________________________________________________
          ________________________________________________________
          ________________________________________________________
          ________________________________________________________
          ________________________________________________________
          ________________________________________________________
          ________________________________________________________
          ________________________________________________________
          ________________________________________________________
          ________________________________________________________
Materials you intend to use:
          ________________________________________________________
          ________________________________________________________
          ________________________________________________________
          ________________________________________________________


Parent Approval (I will help provide the resources and materials related to this
experiment and will help supervise as needed): ________________________


Teacher Approval: __________________________



For support on your project visit http://www.artisandevelopers.com/web/sciencefair/ .   Marilyn.Jesrani, 2008
                                                                                                                3


Step Two
Conduct Your Background Research


A. Complete at least 6 source cards with science information related to your
problem. You will need enough information to write a one page “Background”
section and the “Works Cited” section in your formal lab report. Include
information about what the reader needs to know in order to understand your
project. You can also include information about research related to your problem
that has been conducted by other scientists. The bottom of each source card
shows you how to write your citation.


Attached are 2 of each type of source cards (book, reference book, web site,
online data base). Use the appropriate card for each source. If you need more
source cards, make copies, go to our science fair web site or forms may be
available in the school library.


              Teacher Approval: __________________________

B. Write a rough draft of your report using the source cards.
               Teacher Approval: __________________________

C. Edit the rough draft with your parent
              Parent Signature: ___________________________

D. Write the final version of your background report
              Teacher Approval: __________________________




For support on your project visit http://www.artisandevelopers.com/web/sciencefair/ .   Marilyn.Jesrani, 2008
                                                                                                                4


                                        Book Source Card

Name __________________________________________________
Author(s) ______________________________________________________________________________
Title __________________________________________________________________________________
City of Publication ______________________________ Publisher _______________________________
Publication Date ________________________________________________________________________
Notes/Quotes __________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
Author(s). “Title.” City of Publication: Publisher, Date.
___________________________________________________

                                        Book Source Card

Name __________________________________________________
Author(s) ______________________________________________________________________________
Title __________________________________________________________________________________
City of Publication ______________________________ Publisher _______________________________
Publication Date ________________________________________________________________________
Notes/Quotes __________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
Author(s). “Title.” City of Publication: Publisher, Date.



For support on your project visit http://www.artisandevelopers.com/web/sciencefair/ .   Marilyn.Jesrani, 2008
                                                                                                                5


             Reference Article in an Online Database Source Card

Author(s)___________________________________________________________
Title of Article_____________________________________________________
Book Title/Original Source___________________________________________
City of Publication_________________Publisher__________________________
Date of Publication_______________________Page nos.___________________
Name of Providing Library, Consortium, or Library System: For example: Holly
Ridge Middle School Media Center. ___________________________________
Title of Database____________________________________________________
Date of Access______________________________________________________
URL (shortened form)_http://www.ncwiseowl.org__________________________
Notes/Quotes_______________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________


Author (if provided). “Article Title.” Specific Database/Reference Work on Larger Database.
       Date. Title of                 Database or Online Service. Publisher (if appropriate).
       Name of Providing Library, Consortium, or Library System. Date of Access.
       <http://addressofdatabase>.




For support on your project visit http://www.artisandevelopers.com/web/sciencefair/ .   Marilyn.Jesrani, 2008
                                                                                                                6


             Reference Article in an Online Database Source Card

Author(s)___________________________________________________________
Title of Article_____________________________________________________
Book Title/Original Source___________________________________________
City of Publication_________________Publisher__________________________
Date of Publication_______________________Page nos.___________________
Name of Providing Library, Consortium, or Library System: For example: Holly
Ridge Middle School Media Center. ___________________________________
Title of Database____________________________________________________
Date of Access______________________________________________________
URL (shortened form)_http://www.ncwiseowl.org__________________________
Notes/Quotes_______________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________


Author (if provided). “Article Title.” Specific Database/Reference Work on Larger Database.
       Date. Title of                 Database or Online Service. Publisher (if appropriate).
       Name of Providing Library, Consortium, or Library System. Date of Access.
       <http://addressofdatabase>.




For support on your project visit http://www.artisandevelopers.com/web/sciencefair/ .   Marilyn.Jesrani, 2008
                                                                                                                  7


                          General Web Site Source Card

Author(s) if noted _______________________________________________________________________
Title of Page or Document ________________________________________________________________
Title of Larger Site _______________________________________________________________________
Date of Electronic Publication/Last update/Posting ____________________________________________
Name of Any Associated Institution _________________________________________________________
Date of Access __________________________________________________________________________
URL __________________________________________________________________________________
Notes/Quotes __________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
 ______________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________


Author. “Title of Page.” Title of Larger Site. Date of Publication. Name of Associated Institution. Date of Access.
  <http://addressofsite>.




For support on your project visit http://www.artisandevelopers.com/web/sciencefair/ .     Marilyn.Jesrani, 2008
                                                                                                                  8


                          General Web Site Source Card

Author(s) if noted _______________________________________________________________________
Title of Page or Document ________________________________________________________________
Title of Larger Site _______________________________________________________________________
Date of Electronic Publication/Last update/Posting ____________________________________________
Name of Any Associated Institution _________________________________________________________
Date of Access __________________________________________________________________________
URL __________________________________________________________________________________
Notes/Quotes __________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
 ______________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________


Author. “Title of Page.” Title of Larger Site. Date of Publication. Name of Associated Institution. Date of Access.
  <http://addressofsite>.




For support on your project visit http://www.artisandevelopers.com/web/sciencefair/ .     Marilyn.Jesrani, 2008
                                                                                                                9


                                   Reference Book Source Card

Author(s) __________________________________________________________
Title of Article______________________________________________________
Title of Encyclopedia_________________________________________________
City of Publication________________________Date of Publication____________
Publisher___________________________________________________________
Notes/Quotes_______________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
Author’s Last Name, First Name Middle Name. “Article Title.” Title of Encyclopedia. Edition
       ed. Year of publication.

                                   Reference Book Source Card

Author(s) __________________________________________________________
Title of Article______________________________________________________
Title of Encyclopedia_________________________________________________
City of Publication________________________Date of Publication____________
Publisher___________________________________________________________
Notes/Quotes_______________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
Author’s Last Name, First Name Middle Name. “Article Title.” Title of Encyclopedia. Edition
       ed. Year of publication.


For support on your project visit http://www.artisandevelopers.com/web/sciencefair/ .   Marilyn.Jesrani, 2008
                                                                                                                10


Background Report Rough Draft

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For support on your project visit http://www.artisandevelopers.com/web/sciencefair/ .   Marilyn.Jesrani, 2008
                                                                                                                11


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For support on your project visit http://www.artisandevelopers.com/web/sciencefair/ .   Marilyn.Jesrani, 2008
                                                                                                                12


Final Version of Background Report
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For support on your project visit http://www.artisandevelopers.com/web/sciencefair/ .   Marilyn.Jesrani, 2008
                                                                                                                13


____________________________________________________
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For support on your project visit http://www.artisandevelopers.com/web/sciencefair/ .   Marilyn.Jesrani, 2008
                                                                                                                14


Step Three
Identify Your Hypothesis, Groups and Variables, Design Your Data
Table


Write your hypothesis


If____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________ ,
then __________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
because________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________


For example: If a plant is watered with vinegar water, then it will be shorter than
a plant grown with plain water because vinegar is an acid which damages plants.



What is your experimental group (the group you are testing)?
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________


What is your control group (the group you are comparing to)?
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________


List the constants in your experiment (everything that is the same between your
two groups):
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________

For support on your project visit http://www.artisandevelopers.com/web/sciencefair/ .   Marilyn.Jesrani, 2008
                                                                                                                           15


What is your independent variable (the one thing that is different between your
two groups)?
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________


What is your dependent variable (what you are going to measure for your data
collection)?
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________

For example, if your hypothesis was: If a plant is watered with vinegar water, then it will be shorter than a plant grown with
plain water because vinegar is an acid which damages plants.


Experimental Group: plant watered with vinegar water
Control Group: plant watered with plain water
Constants: same type of plant, same type of soil, same amount of water, same amount of light, same type of container
Independent Variable: Vinegar (one has vinegar in the water and one does not)
Dependent Variable: The height of the plants


4. Design the data table you will use to collect your results.

      Example of a data table:

                                         Height of Plants in Centimeters

                                                      Plant Watered                     Plant Watered
                                                       With Vinegar                  With Plain Water
                                                               Water

                                Day 5

                               Day 10

                               Day 15


      Draw your data table on the next page.




For support on your project visit http://www.artisandevelopers.com/web/sciencefair/ .             Marilyn.Jesrani, 2008
                                                                                                                16




Teacher Approval: __________________________


For support on your project visit http://www.artisandevelopers.com/web/sciencefair/ .   Marilyn.Jesrani, 2008
                                                                                                                17


Step Four
Write Your Experiment

1. Problem
What is the purpose of my experiment, what problem am I trying to solve?
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________


2. Hypothesis
(Copy directly from step three)
If____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________ ,
then __________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
because________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________


For example: If a plant is watered with vinegar water, then it will be shorter than
a plant grown with plain water because vinegar is an acid which damages plants.


3. Materials
What materials do I need?
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________

For support on your project visit http://www.artisandevelopers.com/web/sciencefair/ .   Marilyn.Jesrani, 2008
                                                                                                                18


4. Procedures
What am I going to do step by step?
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The “write your experiment” section has been edited with parent or adult
assistance.
Parent Signature: ___________________________




For support on your project visit http://www.artisandevelopers.com/web/sciencefair/ .   Marilyn.Jesrani, 2008
                                                                                                                19


Step Five
Conduct Your Experiment and Record Your Data

     *conduct your experiment and record the results in your data table
     *make at least one graph illustrating your results (graph paper attached)
     *take photos as you carry out your experiment for your display



Rewrite Data Table Below:




For support on your project visit http://www.artisandevelopers.com/web/sciencefair/ .   Marilyn.Jesrani, 2008
                                                                                                                20




For support on your project visit http://www.artisandevelopers.com/web/sciencefair/ .   Marilyn.Jesrani, 2008
                                                                                                                21




For support on your project visit http://www.artisandevelopers.com/web/sciencefair/ .   Marilyn.Jesrani, 2008
                                                                                                                22




Parent approval for effort and quality related to “step five”.
Signature: __________________________




For support on your project visit http://www.artisandevelopers.com/web/sciencefair/ .   Marilyn.Jesrani, 2008
                                                                                                                23


Step Six
Write about Your Results

Conclusion
Was my hypothesis true or false? What happened? Why do I think this
happened? What did I learn? Talk about the data from your data table in the
conclusion.


The hypothesis for my experiment was_________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
According to the results of the experiment, my hypothesis was true/false. _____
______________________________________________________________
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For support on your project visit http://www.artisandevelopers.com/web/sciencefair/ .   Marilyn.Jesrani, 2008
                                                                                                                24


Next Time
What would I do the same or differently next time?
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Results have been edited with parent or adult assistance
Parent Signature: ___________________________




For support on your project visit http://www.artisandevelopers.com/web/sciencefair/ .   Marilyn.Jesrani, 2008
                                                                                                                   25


Step Seven
Write a Formal Lab Report


A template for the lab report is available on our support web site. Lab reports
must be typed. The lab notebook is due with the lab report.


The following text is from/based on
http://www.sciencebuddies.org/science-fair-projects/project_final_report.shtml

At this point, you are in the home stretch. Except for writing the abstract, preparing your science fair project
final report will just entail pulling together the information you have already collected into one large document.


        Your final report will include these sections:

                o Title page

                o Abstract (An abstract is an abbreviated version of your final report)

                o Background research (one page).

                o Problem, Groups, Variables, and Hypothesis.

                o Materials

                o Procedures

                o Data (data table and graphs)

                o Conclusion

                o Next Time

                o Works Cited

        Write the abstract section last, even though it will be one of the first sections of your final report.

        Your final report will be several pages long, but don't be overwhelmed! Most of the sections are made
           up of information that you have already written. Gather up the information for each section and
           type it in a word processor if you haven't already.


        Save your document often! You do not want to work hard getting something written the perfect way,
           only to have your computer crash and the information lost. Frequent file saving could save you a lot
           of trouble!




For support on your project visit http://www.artisandevelopers.com/web/sciencefair/ .     Marilyn.Jesrani, 2008
                                                                                                                26


        Remember to do a spelling and grammar check in your word processor. Also, have a few people proof
           read your final report. They may have some helpful comments!




An abstract is an abbreviated version of your science fair project final report. For most science fairs it is
limited to a maximum of 250 words. The science fair project abstract appears at the beginning of the report
as well as on your display board.

Almost all scientists and engineers agree that an abstract should have the following five pieces:

        Introduction. This is where you describe the purpose for doing your science fair project or invention.
           Why should anyone care about the work you did? You have to tell them why. Did you explain
           something that should cause people to change the way they go about their daily business? If you
           made an invention or developed a new procedure how is it better, faster, or cheaper than what is
           already out there? Motivate the reader to finish the abstract and read the entire paper or display
           board.

        Problem Statement. Identify the problem you solved or the hypothesis you investigated.

        Procedures. What was your approach for investigating the problem? Don't go into detail about
           materials unless they were critical to your success. Do describe the most important variables if you
           have room.

        Results. What answer did you obtain? Be specific and use numbers to describe your results. Do not use
           vague terms like "most" or "some."

        Conclusions. State what your science fair project or invention contributes to the area you worked in.
           Did you meet your objectives? For an engineering project state whether you met your design
           criteria.

Sample Abstract:

         Advertisers are always touting more powerful and longer lasting batteries, but which batteries
         really do last longer, and is battery life impacted by the speed of the current drain? This
         projects looks at which AA battery maintains its voltage for the longest period of time in low,
         medium, and high current drain devices. The batteries were tested in a CD player (low drain
         device), a flashlight (medium drain device), and a camera flash (high drain device) by measuring
         the battery voltage (dependent variable) at different time intervals (independent variable) for
         each of the battery types in each of the devices. My hypothesis was that Energizer would last
         the longest in all of the devices tested. The experimental results supported my hypothesis by
         showing that the Energizer performs with increasing superiority, the higher the current drain of
         the device. The experiment also showed that the heavy-duty non-alkaline batteries do not
         maintain their voltage as long as either alkaline battery at any level of current drain.
         ---------------------------------------------




For support on your project visit http://www.artisandevelopers.com/web/sciencefair/ .   Marilyn.Jesrani, 2008
                                                                                                                27


Abstract Rough Draft
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Lab report and abstract have been edited with parent or adult assistance
Parent Signature: ___________________________
Do not forget to hand in lab notebook with lab report.
For support on your project visit http://www.artisandevelopers.com/web/sciencefair/ .   Marilyn.Jesrani, 2008
                                                                                                                 28


Step Eight
Make a Tri-Fold Poster Display of Your Project
Make a display board for presenting your project. Display boards are usually available at office
stores such as Staples and Office Max, some of the craft stores such as Michaels, Walmart, etc..
You may also choose to make your own display board out of cardboard. Make your display visually
appealing (make it look nice). For example, use construction paper to frame your titles and photos,
decorate your display, be creative.


Use the layout below when making your display board. In the “Experiment” section; briefly
explain what you did, list your experimental and control groups and define your variables.




                                                                                        HRMS Science Fair
                                                                                        Date: Tues. January 26, 2010
                                                                                        Time: 6:00 -7:00




Parent Approval: ___________________________
At the science fair, you will display your board, formal report and science notebook. You may also
display other items related to your project such as models, demonstrations, your set up etc.. If
your project is messy, bring a drop cloth. You are responsible for cleaning up your project at the
end of the science fair. Talk to your teacher about special needs such as electricity by ______.
No flames or explosives.
Dress professionally on the day of the science fair (dresses/nice pants for girls and shirts and ties
for boys). Stand next to your project prepared to answer questions.


For support on your project visit http://www.artisandevelopers.com/web/sciencefair/ .    Marilyn.Jesrani, 2008

								
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