Abortion Case Study by hzp22842

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									                              •   And if your son asks you in
                                  the future, saying, What are
                                  the testaments and the
                                  statutes, and the judgments
                                  that the L-rd our God
                                  commanded of you? You will
                                  say to your son, We were
                                  slaves to Pharaoh in Egypt;
                                  and the L-rd brought us out of
                                  Egypt with a mighty hand.
                                  The L-rd gave signs and
                                  wonders, great and harmful,
                                  against Egypt, against
                                  Pharaoh, and against all his
                                  household, before our eyes.
                                  And he brought us out of there
http://kosher4passover.com/       to bring us in to give us the
                                  land that he promised our
                                  fathers.
                                  ~Deuteronomy 6:20-23
                Background
• The Seder is considered an
  integral aspect of Jewish faith
  and identity.

• The Passover seder recounts
  liberation and the Exodus of
  the Children of Israel from
  bondage to slavery in Ancient
  Egypt.

• The text of seder proper is
  contained in a small booklet
  called a Haggadah.
           Haggadah
•   Explains that without the Exodus, the Jews would still
    be slaves to the Egyptian Pharaoh and would never have
    realized their role as a nation

•   It is considered a mitzvah to embellish one's retelling of the
    Exodus on this night. Often the Seder lasts into the wee
    hours of the morning, as participants continue to talk about
     the events of the night and sing special Passover songs
     included in the Haggadah

•   Unlike other public holiday observances which are traditionally held
    in the synagogue, the Seder is specifically designed to be conducted
    by a family at home, with or without guests.

•   This focus is derived from the opening words of the Torah verse
    which is the source for the mitzvah of retelling the Exodus from
    Egypt:


    "And you shall tell it to your son on that day, saying, 'Because of
     this God did for me when He took me out of Egypt" (Exodus 13:8).
• On the evening before Passover,
  Jews search their house and all of
  its surroundings for all leavened
  bread or CHAMETZ (like bread,
  cookies, pretzels etc.)
• The next day the chametz is
  burned
• The first born must fast on the day
  before Passover
• FASTING does not occur if you
  are too young to fast or health
  reasons
 Traditional Passover Seder
foods have deep meaning…



                •   The Passover Seder Plate
                    (ke'ara) is a special plate
                    containing six symbolic foods
                    used during the Passover Seder
                •   Each of the six items arranged
                    on the plate have special
                    significance to the retelling of
                    the story of the Exodus from
                    Egypt.
                •   The seventh symbolic item used
                    during the meal—a stack of
                    three matzot—is placed on its
                    own plate on the Seder table.
Maror and Chazeret: two types of bitter herbs, symbolizing the bitterness and
   harshness of the slavery which the Jews endured in Ancient Egypt.
1) For maror, most people use freshly grated horseradish combined with cooked
   beets and sugar into a dish called chrain, or whole horseradish root.
2) Chazeret is typically romaine lettuce, whose roots are bitter-tasting. Either the
   horseradish or romaine lettuce may be eaten in fulfillment of the mitzvah of
   eating bitter herbs during the Seder.
3) Charoset; A sweet, brown, pebbly mixture, representing the mortar used by the Jewish
slaves to build the storehouses of Egypt. Also a mixture of apples, nuts, wine, and
cinnamon, as a reminder of the mortar used by the Jews in the construction of buildings as
slaves

4) Karpas; A vegetable other than bitter herbs, such as parsley, celery or cooked potato,
which is dipped into salt water at the beginning of the Seder. This represents hope and
redemption; served with a bowl of salted water to represent the tears shed.
•   5) Z'roa or Zeroah; A roasted lamb
    shank bone, symbolizing the korban
    Pesach (Pesach sacrifice), which was a
    lamb offered in the Temple in Jerusalem,
    then roasted and eaten as part of the
    meal on Seder night.


•   6) Beitzah: a roasted egg, as a symbol
    of life and the perpetuation of existence.


•   7) Matzoh: Three unleavened matzohs
    are placed within the folds of a napkin as
    a reminder of the haste with which the
    Israelites fled Egypt, leaving no time for
    dough to rise. Two are consumed during
    the service, and one (the Aftkomen), is
    spirited away and hidden during the
    ceremony to be later found as a prize.

•   Wine: four glasses of wine are consumed
    during the service to represent the four-
    fold promise of redemption, with a special
    glass left for Elijah the prophet.
1. Kadeish (blessings and the first cup of wine)
• Kadeish is Hebrew Imperative for Kiddush. This Kiddush is a special one for
   Passover, it refers to matzo and the Exodus from Egypt. Acting in a way that
   shows freedom and majesty, most Jews have the custom of filling each other's
   cups at the Seder table. The Kiddush is normally said by the father of the
   house.

2. Ur'chatz (wash hands)
• In traditional Jewish homes, it is common to ritually
    wash the hands before a meal. Wash your hands by
    pouring water first on your right hand three times then
   on your left hand.


3. Karpas (appetizer)
• Each participant dips a vegetable (parsely, onion, potato) into salt water as a
   reminder of the tears shed by their enslaved ancestors. Parsley is good to use
   because when you shake off the salt water, it looks like tears.
• The following blessing is said: “Blessed are You, Lord our God, King of the
   Universe, Who creates the Fruit of the Land”
4. Yachatz (breaking of the middle
   matzah)
• The middle of the three matzot on the
   Seder Plate is broken in two. The larger
   half is hidden, to be used later as the
   afikoman, the "dessert" after the meal.
   The smaller half is returned to its place
   between the other two matzos.

5. Magid (The telling of the story)
• The story of Passover, and the change
   from slavery to freedom is told. The
   youngest person asks the Four Questions
   (a set of questions about the proceedings
   designed to encourage participation in
   the seder. The Four Questions are often
   sung.
                       Mah Nishtanah
                          (The Four Questions)


Question 1) Why is it that on all other nights during the year we eat
either bread or matzo, but on this night we eat only matzo?

•    Answer: Matzoh reminds us that when the Jews left the slavery of
     Egypt they had no time to bake their bread. They took the raw dough
     on their journey and baked it in the hot desert sun into hard crackers
     called matzoh.

Question 2) Why is it that on all other nights we eat all kinds of herbs,
but on this night we eat bitter herbs?

•    Answer: Maror reminds us of the bitter and cruel way the Pharaoh
     treated the Jewish people when they were slaves in Egypt
Question 3) Why is it that on all other nights we do not
dip our herbs even once, but on this night we dip them
twice?
• Answer: We dip bitter herbs into Charoset to remind us
  how hard the Jewish slaves worked in Egypt. The
  chopped apples and nuts look like the clay used to make
  the bricks used in building the Pharaoh's buildings
  We dip parsley into salt water. The parsley reminds us
  that spring is here and new life will grow. The salt water
  reminds us of the tears of the Jewish slaves


Question 4) Why is it that on all other nights we sit
  straight or leaning, but on this night we are all
  seated leaning?

• Answer: We lean on a pillow to be comfortable and to
  remind us that once we were slaves, but now we are free
                          The Magid
                (telling of story continued…)
6. Four verses in Deuteronomy (26:5-8) are then expounded. This telling
   describes the slavery of the Jewish people and their miraculous salvation by
   God. This culminates in an enumeration of the Ten Plagues, which are
   recited:


•   Dam (blood)—All the water was changed to blood
•   Tzefardeyah (frogs)—An infestation of frogs sprang up in Egypt
•   Kinim (lice)—The Egyptians were afflicted by lice
•   Arov (wild animals)—An infestation of wild animals (some say flies) sprang up
    in Egypt
•   Dever (pestilence)—A plague killed off the Egyptian livestock
•   Sh'chin (boils)—An epidemic of boils afflicted the Egyptians
•   Barad (hail)—Hail rained from the sky
•   Arbeh (locusts)—Locusts swarmed over Egypt
•   Choshech (darkness)—Egypt was covered in darkness
•   Makkat Bechorot (killing of the first-born)—All the first-born sons of the
    Egyptians were slain by God
Go and Learn…
the Magid (continued…)
• With the recital of the Ten Plagues, each participant
  removes a drop of wine from his or her cup using a
  fingertip. Although this night is one of salvation, the
  Sages explain that one cannot be completely joyous
  when some of God's creatures had to suffer.

• At this part in the Seder, songs of praise are sung,
  including the song Dayeinu, SONG which proclaims that
  had God performed any single one of the many deeds
  performed for the Jewish people, it would have been
  enough to obligate us to give thanks to Him.

• Kos Sheini (Second Cup of Wine): Magid concludes
  with the drinking of the Second Cup of Wine.
• 7. Rachtzah (ritual washing of
  hands)
• The ritual hand-washing is repeated,
  this time with the traditional blessing
  before breaking bread. Wash hands
  three times on the right and three
  times on the left, this time with a
  blessing.

  ‖Blessed are You, Lord our God,
  King of the universe, who has
  sanctified us with His
  commandments, and commanded
  us to wash our hands.‖
8. Motzi Matzo (blessings over the matzo)
•   Lifting all three matzot, we recite the regular blessing
    for bread, then release the bottom matzo and recite
    the special blessing for the mitzvah of matzo. We then
    eat a portion of matzo from the top two matzot while
    leaning. (We can add more from other matzot as
    necessary for all the people at the table but we leave
    the third matzah for the Korech.)

    Blessing #1: ”Blessed are You, Lord our God, King of
    the universe Who brings forth bread from the earth”

    Blessing #2: Blessed are You, Lord our God, King of
    the universe, who has sanctified us with His
    commandments, and commanded us concerneing the
    eating of Matzah.
9. Maror (bitter herb)
• Bitter herbs (parsley or lettuce) are dipped into charoset (horseradish) which
   symbolizes the bitterness of slavery, then the charoset (mixture of apples,
   nuts, cinnamon and wine) which symbolizes the mortor used by Jews in
   building during former slavery.

   Blessing: Blessed are You, Lord our God, King of the Universe, who has
   sanctified us with his Commandments, and commanded us concerning the
   eating of maror.

10. Koreich (sandwich)
• The matzo and maror are combined, similar to a sandwich, and eaten. This
   follows the tradition of Hillel, who did the same at his Seder table 2000
   years ago. Break off two pieces of matzoh, put lettuce, bitter herbs in
   between, recite a special prayer and eat while reclining slightly on left side.

11. Shulchan Orech (the meal [literally, "set table"])
• The festive meal is eaten. Common- roast chicken or turkey
12. Tzafun (eating of the afikoman)
• The afikoman, which was hidden earlier in the Seder, is
the last morsel of food eaten by participants in the Seder.
This actually means “dessert”. That is the piece of matzah
that was hidden at beginning! That will be the last thing
eaten till next morning
• After the consumption of the afikoman, no other food may
be eaten for the rest of the night. We also may not drink any
intoxicating beverage, with the exception of the remaining
two cups of wine.

13. Bareich (Grace after Meals & 3rd cup of wine)
• The recital of Birkat Hamazon. “We thank God for the
delecious meal”
• Kos Shlishi (the Third Cup of Wine): The drinking
of the Third Cup of Wine.
Kos shel Eliyahu ha-Navi (cup of ELIJAH the Prophet)

• The front door of the house is opened and three verse are recited,
  two from Psalms (79:6-7) and one from Lamentations (3:66).

• Traditionally, Elijah the Prophet visits each home on Seder night
  as a foreshadowing of his future arrival at the end of the days,
  when he will come to announce the coming of the JEWISH
  MESSIAH.

  Hallel: songs of praise & 4th cup of wine

• The entire order of Hallel which is usually recited in the
  synagogue on Jewish holidays is also recited at the Seder table,
  albeit sitting down. Afterwards the Fourth Cup of Wine is drunk.
• Nirtzah: The Seder concludes with a prayer that the night's
  service be accepted. A hope for the Messiah is expressed:
  "L'shanah haba'ah b'Yerushalayim! – ―Next year in Jerusalem!"
Cartoons
        Discussion Questions

   What are all the items on the plate? What do
    they represent?

   What was most interesting about the Seder
    Feast?

   Why is the Seder Feast so significant to
    Judaism?

								
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