Engineering Education to Promote Creativity

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					                     K.N. Toosi University of Technology
                     Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems




                                Engineering Education to
                                  Promote Creativity:
                       p            y             g
                    Comparative Analysis in Leading International Universities




                    g
   Dr. Hamid D. Taghirad
   Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems (ARAS)
   Department of Electrical Engineering
   K.N.Toosi University of Technology



Control Group Series Seminars
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
          Outline
          • Introduction
          • The Engineering Challenges
          • Engineering Education in Mechatronics
                 o   Mechatronics @ ETH (Switzerland)
                 o   Mechatronics @ Twente (            )
                                            (Netherlands)
                 o   Mechatronics @ Bergamo (Italy)
                 o   Mechatronics @ Stanford (U.S.)
                 o   Mechatronics @ Waterloo (Canada)
          • Common Issues on Mechatronics Education
          • Guidelines and Challenges for Mechatronics
               Education in Iran

Control Group Series Seminar        K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                                    Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                   2
          Introduction
          • Gain new knowledge and make it useful for the best
               of a sustainable development of our world




Control Group Series Seminar    K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                                Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                   3
            g       g
          Engineering?
          • Integrating Knowledge to Products and
                g     g        g
               System
                 o      g        g                    g products and
                     Engineering is the art of creating p
                     systems that make best use of basic science and
                     offer the highest value to the user.




Control Group Series Seminar       K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                                   Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                   4
              g
          Design and Product Cost




Control Group Series Seminar   K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                               Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                   5
                         g       g
          Education in Engineering




Control Group Series Seminar   K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                               Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                   6
                      g
          Role of Integration




                               Product/System
                               P d t/S t
Control Group Series Seminar    K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                                Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                   7
                               g
          Problem Based Learning




Control Group Series Seminar   K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                               Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                   8
          The Direction Toward Future




Control Group Series Seminar   K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                               Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                   9
          Mechatronics
          Mechatronics is a synergic approach to the integrated and optimal
            design of a mechanical system and its embedded control system
            where solutions are sought that cross the borders of the different
            domains.




Control Group Series Seminar       K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                                   Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                  10
          Mechatronics
          Mechatronics is synergic design of computer controlled electro-
                h i l       t
            mechanical systems.




Control Group Series Seminar       K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                                   Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                  11
                             (           )
          Mechatronics @ ETH (Switzerland)



               ETH
               Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich




Control Group Series Seminar       K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                                   Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                  12
                             (           )
          Mechatronics @ ETH (Switzerland)




Control Group Series Seminar   K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                               Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                  13
          Innovation Project
                        j                        (1
                                                 (  st      year)
                                                            y )




Control Group Series Seminar   K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                               Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                  14
                                               y
          The FormulaStudent Focus (3rd or 4th year)

          • Engineering Education
              g       g




Control Group Series Seminar   K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                               Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                  15
                                               y
          The FormulaStudent Focus (3rd or 4th year)




Control Group Series Seminar   K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                               Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                  16
                                (           )
          Mechatronics @ Twente (Netherlands)

          University of Twente




Control Group Series Seminar   K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                               Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                  17
                                (           )
          Mechatronics @ Twente (Netherlands)
          • University of Twente is active in
                     y
               Mechatronics since 1989

          • Educational programs
                 o      Mechatronic Designer
                 o      Specializations in the EE and ME programs
                 o      (International) Masters program
                 o      PhD program



Control Group Series Seminar        K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                                    Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                  18
          B.Sc. in ME and EE
          • Mechatronics projects in
                         p j
                 o   2nd year EE
                 o   3rd year ME
          • 2 weeks project
                 o   Integrates knowledge of courses on:
                        •   Mechanics
                        •   M            t d instrumentation
                            Measurement and i t       t ti
                        •   Modeling and simulation
                        •   Linear system theory
                        •   Control Engineering

Control Group Series Seminar            K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                                        Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                  19
          B.Sc. in ME and EE
          • 2 weeks project
                    p j
                 o   Structured design approach
                          Start ith th i      t    d
                        • St t with the given transducers
                        • Plan: modeling and simulation
                        • Digitally controlled mechanical systems
                 o   Completely Free vs.
                     Co p ete y ee s
                 o   Given Components OR Given Specs.



Control Group Series Seminar         K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                                     Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                  20
          B.Sc. in ME and EE

          • Build a mechatronics system from
                 o   A transducer which is provided
                 o   Construction material
                 o   Extra material bought from a small budget
                 o   Analogue electronic components
                 o   A DSP-board (controller implementation
                 o   20-sim software used for mechatronic
                     modeling and automatic code generation


Control Group Series Seminar      K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                                  Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                  21
          20-sim Software




Control Group Series Seminar   K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                               Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                  22
          DSP board




Control Group Series Seminar   K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                               Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                  23
              g
          Design




Control Group Series Seminar   K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                               Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                  24
             g g          g
          Judging the Design




Control Group Series Seminar   K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                               Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                  25
                         p
          One of the setups




Control Group Series Seminar   K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                               Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                  26
                g        g
          Working on Design




Control Group Series Seminar   K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                               Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                  27
                          j
          Mechatronics Project




Control Group Series Seminar   K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                               Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                  28
          M.Sc. in Mechatronics

          • Attracts students from EE and ME
          • International students
          • Students with a bachelor degree from
            polytechnic
            pol technic schools
          • Students from other BSc’s like Computer
            Science, Industrial Engineering, …




Control Group Series Seminar   K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                               Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                  29
          M. Sc. in Mechatronics




Control Group Series Seminar   K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                               Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                  30
          M.Sc. Thesis




Control Group Series Seminar   K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                               Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                  31
                                  (    )
          Mechatronics @ Stanford (U.S.)




Control Group Series Seminar   K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                               Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                  32
                                  (    )
          Mechatronics @ Stanford (U.S.)
          • Stanford is active in Mechatronics since 1992
          • No Major disciplines in B.S. or M.S.
                 o                      B.S.    M.S.
                     Courses offered in B S and M S




Control Group Series Seminar      K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                                  Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                  33
                                  (    )
          Mechatronics @ Stanford (U.S.)
          • Course Content
                 o   Electronics
                 o   Software
                 o   Actuators
                 o       g
                     Integration
                 o   Enrichment
          • Course Design Philosophy
                       g         p y
                 o   Mechatronics is about applying and integrating
                     technology
                 o   An open ended team project should be
                     prominent
Control Group Series Seminar       K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                                   Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                  34
                                  (    )
          Mechatronics @ Stanford (U.S.)
          • Goals
                 o            students'
                     Remove students fear of electronics
                 o   Become comfortable with terms used in Mechatronic
                     systems
                 o    Learn the basics of applying:
                        • H-Bridges      Op-Amps         DC and stepper motors
                        • Simple sensors        Analog to digital converters
                 o   Gain first hand experience with:
                        •   Motors                  Simple signal conditioning
                        •   'Real Time' software    Using software libraries
                        •   Commercial microcontrollers
                        •   Reading device and board level specification sheets
                        •   Applying the technology to an open ended problem
                 o                                       integrating,
                     Gain confidence and competence in integrating
                     implementing and debugging
                 o   View electronics, computing and software as additional
                         g
                     design tools

Control Group Series Seminar                K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                                            Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                  35
                                  (    )
          Mechatronics @ Stanford (U.S.)
          • Integration Between Lectures and Lab Assignments
          • I t    ti Between L b A i
            Integration B t     Lab Assignmentst
          • Integration Between Labs and Projects
                 o   Lecture & Lab Content:
                        •   Using bipolar & FET transistors, phototransistors, op-amps,
                        •   signal conditioning, H-bridges, DC motors, stepper motors,
                        •   software library use & construction, event driven
                        •   programming, state machines, open & closed loop control,
                        •   interrupts, timer sub-systems, PWM sub-systems…
                 o   Project:
                        • Design and implement an autonomous robot that will play a
                          game of skill and strategy against other similar robots.


                     Competition results play no part in the grading

Control Group Series Seminar                K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                                            Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                  36
                                  (    )
          Mechatronics @ Stanford (U.S.)




Control Group Series Seminar   K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                               Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                  37
                                  (    )
          Mechatronics @ Stanford (U.S.)




Control Group Series Seminar   K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                               Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                  38
                               g    ( y)
          Mechatronics @ U. Bergamo (Italy)




Control Group Series Seminar   K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                               Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                  39
                               g    ( y)
          Mechatronics @ U. Bergamo (Italy)

          • Mechatronics
               Curriculum in B.Sc.
               (2003-2007)



                 Mechatronics
                  System (elective)



Control Group Series Seminar    K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                                Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                  40
                               g    ( y)
          Mechatronics @ U. Bergamo (Italy)

          • Mechatronics in M.Sc.
                 o   From 2008




          • Ph D in Mechatronics
            Ph.D.
                 o   Design and new materials;
                 o   Control Systems and Computer Science related to
                     mechatronic applications;
                 o   Measurements and driving circuits;
Control Group Series Seminar           K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                                       Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                  41
                               g    ( y)
          Mechatronics @ U. Bergamo (Italy)




Control Group Series Seminar   K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                               Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                  42
                               g    ( y)
          Mechatronics @ U. Bergamo (Italy)




Control Group Series Seminar   K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                               Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                  43
                               g    ( y)
          Mechatronics @ U. Bergamo (Italy)




Control Group Series Seminar   K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                               Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                  44
                               g    ( y)
          Mechatronics @ U. Bergamo (Italy)




Control Group Series Seminar   K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                               Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                  45
                               g    ( y)
          Mechatronics @ U. Bergamo (Italy)




Control Group Series Seminar   K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                               Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                  46
                               g    ( y)
          Mechatronics @ U. Bergamo (Italy)




Control Group Series Seminar   K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                               Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                  47
                               g    ( y)
          Mechatronics @ U. Bergamo (Italy)




Control Group Series Seminar   K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                               Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                  48
                               g    ( y)
          Mechatronics @ U. Bergamo (Italy)




Control Group Series Seminar   K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                               Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                  49
                               g    ( y)
          Mechatronics @ U. Bergamo (Italy)
          • Common Projects Issues:
                      j
                 o   Main emphasis on mechanical aspects
                 o   Computing and control modules (
                     C    ti     d    t l                 l ti
                                             d l (e.g. real-time
                     control system, stepper motors drives)
                     supplied as project plug-ins
                 o   Design complexity limited to two DOF
                 o   Projects' objective tailored to be easily verified



Control Group Series Seminar        K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                                    Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                  50
                                  (      )
          Mechatronics @ Waterloo (Canada)




Control Group Series Seminar   K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                               Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                  51
                                  (      )
          Mechatronics @ Waterloo (Canada)
          • Mechatronics Engineering
                 o   robotics and automation systems,
                 o   neural prosthetics,
                 o   micro electro-mechanical systems (MEMS),
                 o   many other leading-edge technologies.
          • @ University of Waterloo Joint Program Between:
                 o   Mechanical Engineering
                 o   Electrical d C      t E i     i
                     El t i l and Computer Engineering
                 o   Systems Design Engineering
          • Graduates receive the degree of Bachelor of Applied
               Science in Mechatronics Engineering.

Control Group Series Seminar        K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                                    Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                  52
                                  (      )
          Mechatronics @ Waterloo (Canada)
          • Subject Area Requirements
          • Th following is a list of subject areas that should b part of th
            The f ll i i      li t f bj t           th t h ld be     t f the
               education of an engineer specializing in mechatronics.

          •    Mechanical Systems:                            •    Computer Systems:
                 o    Fundamentals of mechanics                     o   Basic computer systems
                      (kinematics)                                  o   Basic computer programming
                 o      y                     y
                      Dynamics of mechanical systems                o   Real-time computer systems
                                                                        Real time
                 o    Mechanical design and CAD                     o   Micro-controllers
                                                                    o   Interfacing
                                                                    o   Software engineering
          •    Electrical Systems:                            •    Control Systems:
                 o    Energy conversion (motors and                 o   System modeling and simulation
                      actuators)                                    o   Basic control systems
                 o    Power electronics                             o   Digital control systems
                 o    Sensors                                       o   Robotics and automation
                 o    Interfacing                                   o   Intelligent systems


Control Group Series Seminar                  K.N. Toosi University of Technology              Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                                              Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                         53
                                  (      )
          Mechatronics @ Waterloo (Canada)
          • Mechatronics Project:
                 o   A significant mechatronic design project is considered
                     an essential part of a mechatronics education.
          • P
            Purpose:
                 o   Experience in designing systems that need to integrate
                     the various leading technologies
                 o   Based on real physical systems,
                 o                                           application.
                     Associated with a particular industrial application
                 o   Team work, preferably with students from different
                     departments forming the team.
                 o   Project planning, presentations and reporting should
                     be an integral part of these projects.

Control Group Series Seminar         K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                                     Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                  54
                                  (      )
          Mechatronics @ Waterloo (Canada)
          • Level 1 Courses (fundamental)
                 o   Circuit Analysis 1
                 o   Computer Programming
                 o   Digital Computers Numerical Analysis
                 o   Control Systems Statistical Analysis
                 o   Th       d
                     Thermodynamics i


          • L l2C         (core)
            Level Courses (    )
                 o   Circuit Analysis and Design
                 o   Ki      ti     d Dynamics of M hi
                     Kinematics and D       i    f Machines
                 o   Microcomputer Systems and Interfacing
                 o   Energy Systems and Components
Control Group Series Seminar         K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                                     Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                  55
                                  (      )
          Mechatronics @ Waterloo (Canada)
          • Level 3 Courses (Electives)
                 o   Actuators and Sensors
                 o   Computer Systems
                 o   Digital Control Systems
                 o   Robotics and Automation
                 o                 y
                     Mechanical Systems

          • Mechatronics Project:
                 o   One term Mechatronics Project Course
                 o   The project must be multidisciplinary in nature
                 o                                                coordinator.
                     Be approved by the faculty of mechatronics coordinator
                 o   Each student must meet his/her home department rules.


Control Group Series Seminar           K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                                       Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                  56
             p            y
          Comparative Analysis
          • Disciplines Differences
                 o   Th level of education
                     The l    l f d     ti
                      • B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D., or only Majors in Mechatronics
                 o          p
                     The departments involved
                      • EE, ME, or CS
          • Common Factors:
                 o   Emphasis on Creativity
                 o   Hands on Experiment
                      • From small projects
                      • To real industrial projects
                 o   Team work, project planning, time management
                 o   Competitions
                      • Local
                      • International

Control Group Series Seminar          K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                                      Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                  57
             p            y
          Comparative Analysis
          • Common Issues:
                 o   Students feedback is generally very positive.
                                                          g
                        • Students love to create new things!
                 o   Workload sometimes exceeds credits duties.
                                                     works
                        • Theory versus experimental works.
                 o   Main teaching problem is leveling the students’
                                  knowledge
                     prerequisite knowledge.
                        • Teach students to do research.
                 o   Laboratory time to project completion is highly
                     dependent on students skills.
                                                               required.
                        • Very experienced technical teams are required
Control Group Series Seminar          K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                                      Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                  58
             p            y
          Comparative Analysis
          • Guidelines for Education Reforms in
               Engineering:
                 o       g                                 year.
                     Bring Students into action from first y
                        • Organize courses with design competitions.
                                                         y piece of
                        • Provide students with elementary p
                          equipment:
                               DSP boards, Lego Robots, Capture cards and vision,
                               …
                        • Leave the rest to their talent and ask for creativity.
                               Don t              questions
                               Don’t Answer their questions.
                               Teach them how to find the solution.
                        • Promote team work with multidiscipline students.
Control Group Series Seminar             K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                                         Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                  59
             p            y
          Comparative Analysis
          • Guidelines for Education Reforms in
               Engineering:
                 o   Change the nature of courses
                        • Basic knowledge To Global perspective.
                               Teach the details after they have tried a research
                               project.
                               Teach them time management and how to report.
                               Conclude a course with a comprehensive project.
                 o   Ask for real team work projects before
                     graduation
                        • Project Planning and Time Management
                        • Promote National and International Competitions
                        • Industrial relation and Support
Control Group Series Seminar             K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                                         Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                  60
                         y
                      Any Questions
                      or Comments?

Control Group Series Seminar   K.N. Toosi University of Technology       Hamid D. Taghirad
Technical Talk : 16/07/1386
                               Advanced Robotics and Automated Systems                  61