Gangs

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					Gangs
Gangs

Group, organization,
 association
Three or more
 individuals
Common purpose in
 criminal activity,
 either collectively or
 individually
Gangs

Typically have paramilitary structure,
 hierarchies of leadership
May split into “sets”
Heavy emphasis on recruiting new
 members
Numbers = Safety
Gangs

Members can be as young as 9 or 12 (peewees,
 wannabees)
Most are recruited in junior high--ages 13 or 14
Typical gang member is 14 to 20 (gangbangers)
Leaders are usually 18 to 20 with a few up to 24
 or 25 (hardcores)
Entire families may be members with three
 generations represented
Gang Mindset

Three basic fears
  Poverty
  Not fitting in
  Disrespect (Being “dissed”)
Gang Mindset

The Code of Honor
If you let yourself be disrespected,
 you’ve let the gang be disrespected, and
 you will face the consequences!
The Gang Mindset

The Three R’s
 Reputation (Rep)
 Respect
 Retaliation/Revenge

  No Challenge Goes Unanswered!
Gang Characteristics

Clothing
Tattoos
Hand signs
Graffiti
Handling Gang Members

EMS usually is perceived as “neutral”
Uniforms should look as different from
 law enforcement as possible
Avoid questions that can be perceived as
 “interrogation” about specifics of a crime
Demonstrate respect at all times,
 including when you’re not on calls
Handling Gang Members

Know whose “turf” you’re on
Reluctant, tough behavior by patients may
 be posturing for other members
Explain what you’re doing and why
Treat possessions as extensions of persons
Use gang leaders to help you control
 situations
Handling Gang Members

Pay attention to the crowd
Minimize time on scene
Know when to leave!
Gang DON’TS

Don’t   approach if multiple gangs present
Don’t   assume you are welcome
Don’t   separate patient until ready to leave
Don’t   treat gang members in the open
Don’t   cut “colors”, especially in public
Don’t   treat gang members like children
Graffiti

Gang name
 = Gang turf (usually)
Multiple gang names
 = Shared territory
Graffiti

Gang names
 written over,
 crossed out =
 Challenge or war
Graffiti

Black graffiti
  Crude
  Lacks detail
  Often offensive
Graffiti

Latino graffiti
   Colorful
   Artistically creative
   Indicates
    cohesiveness
   Identifies gang,
    territory
   Used to communicate
    with other gangs
Graffiti

 White graffiti
   Frequently includes slurs
    against minorities,
    homosexuals
   Often contains names of
    Punk or Heavy Metal
    groups
   Satanic, devil worship, Nazi
    symbols
   Generally does not mark
    territory

				
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posted:4/12/2008
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