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03 February 2009

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					                                             Asia-Pacific Daily News Summary
                                                    03 February 2009

                                                          Table of Contents

ASIA ........................................................................................................................................... 6
AVIAN INFLUENZA (BIRD FLU) ................................................................................................ 6
          [China] China Bird Flu Outbreak Feared ....................................................................... 6
          [China] China Has Bird Flu Outbreak, Hong Kong Adviser Says ................................ 6
          [Vietnam] Hanoi Bans Poultry Transport By Bikes To Stop Flu .................................. 6
WORLD ECONOMIC FORUM (WEF) ......................................................................................... 7
          When Globalization Goes Into Reverse ......................................................................... 7
SIX PARTY TALKS .................................................................................................................... 7
          Chris Hill: The Six Party Approach Is The Right Way ................................................... 7
NORTHEAST ASIA .................................................................................................................... 7
    CHINA .................................................................................................................................... 7
        Mainland ............................................................................................................................ 7
         "China's National Defense In 2008" Marks Maximum Transparency ............................ 7
         13 Years For Corrupt Former Party Chief ...................................................................... 8
         Airbus Signs Wing Deal With Xi'an Aircraft ................................................................... 8
         Central Gov't Cashes In Another US$19B For Stimulus Plan ....................................... 9
         China, Britain Issue Joint Statement On Closer Co-Op Amid Int'l Financial Crisis ..... 9
         Chinese President To Visit 5 Asian, African Nations .................................................... 9
         China, U.S. Closely Working On Clinton's China Tour ................................................ 10
         FM: China Opposes U.S. Sanctions On Two Firms ..................................................... 10
         Fog Strands Thousands At NW China Airport ............................................................. 10
         Former Securities Regulator Charged With Graft ....................................................... 11
         IMF: China's 8% Growth This Year Challenging But Possible .................................... 11
         China Urges Improved Relations On Korean Peninsula Through Peaceful Dialogue11
         China Reiterates Sovereignty In South China Sea ...................................................... 12
         Premier Wen Ends EU Tour With Optimism ................................................................ 12
         Premier Wen: Co-Op Priority To Tackle Financial Crisis ............................................ 12
         Record Numbers Clog China's Tracks ......................................................................... 13
         Rolls Royce, Chinese Institute To Improve Aircraft Engine Material.......................... 13
         Weichuan Milk Powder Contained Bacteria ................................................................. 13
        Hong Kong ...................................................................................................................... 13
         Beijing Wants It Both Ways In Space ........................................................................... 13
         China Spreads Its Peacekeepers ................................................................................. 14
        Taiwan ............................................................................................................................. 14
         Chen Hsing-Yu Lashes Out At Reporters In New York ............................................... 14
         Closer Ties With China Have Fortified Taiwan's Sovereignty: Ma .............................. 15
         Defendants Plead Guilty In Alleged Laundering Case ................................................ 15
         Envoy Named ................................................................................................................ 15
    Former First Lady's Friends Plead Guilty To Money Laundering ............................... 16
    Ma Touts Cross-Strait Accomplishments .................................................................... 16
   Other ................................................................................................................................ 16
    Chinese Anger At UK Shoe-Thrower............................................................................ 16
    Aso May Visit War Shrine ............................................................................................. 17
    China Policy Change? .................................................................................................. 17
    China To Go On European Spending Spree ................................................................ 18
    Chinese Media Silent After Shoe Thrown At Prime Minister ....................................... 18
    Quake Activist Faces Secrets Trial .............................................................................. 18
    U.S.-China Set For New Tensions As Obama, Economic Woes Test Ties: Analysts 19
    Wen Takes Shoe Incident In Stride .............................................................................. 19
    U.S.-China Currency Dispute Could Hurt Korea .......................................................... 19
JAPAN ................................................................................................................................. 20
     Aso May Visit War Shrine ............................................................................................. 20
     Gov’t In Fix Over Futenma Air Base ............................................................................. 20
     IWC Plan Suggests Coastal Whaling For Japan .......................................................... 20
     Japan's Ruling Parties To Send Team Around Somalia.............................................. 21
     LDP To Send On-Site Investigation Team Prior To MSDF Dispatch ........................... 21
     MSDF To Send 2 Destroyers On Anti-Piracy Mission ................................................. 21
     Nakasone Pledges Bigger Assistance To Afghanistan ............................................... 21
     Japan Plans To Host Donors' Confab On Pakistan ..................................................... 22
     Protesters, Whalers Fight Over Use Of Illegal Weapons............................................. 22
     Russia Refused To Cut Red Tape For Japanese Humanitarian Mission To Northern
     Territories...................................................................................................................... 22
MONGOLIA .......................................................................................................................... 23
     Foreign Visits To India Cancelled Due to PM's Ill-Health ............................................ 23
ROK/DPRK........................................................................................................................... 23
     China Urges Improved Relations On Korean Peninsula Through Peaceful Dialogue23
     Aso May Visit War Shrine ............................................................................................. 23
     Defense Supports Lotte Tower Plan ............................................................................ 24
     Experts Divided Over Airstrip Adjustment For Skyscraper ........................................ 24
     Lee, Obama Warn Against Protectionism .................................................................... 25
     Ministry Expresses Regret Over Leaflets .................................................................... 25
     N. Korea 'Preparing Missile Test' ................................................................................. 25
     N. Korea Flexes Muscles To Pressure S. Korea, U.S. ................................................. 26
     N.K. Preparing To Test Taepodong-2 ........................................................................... 26
     N. Korea May Be Set For Long-Range Missile Launch................................................ 27
     North Korea Vows To Retain Atomic Bombs Until Us 'Threat' Ends .......................... 27
     Obama, Lee Agree To Work Together Over North Korea ............................................ 27
     Only Three Inter-Korean Agreement Items Implemented............................................ 28
     Orascom: N. Korea Wants More Foreign Investment ................................................. 28
     Osan Crisis Team Talks Armed Airman Into Turning Self In ...................................... 28
     Reform And Opening Is Not The Solution For North Korean Economy ..................... 29
     Satellites Detect Possible Missile Moves In North ...................................................... 29
     Seoul Fears North May Test Missile ............................................................................. 30
     South Korean Activists Vow To Bring Down Pyongyang Government ...................... 30
     U.S.-China Currency Dispute Could Hurt Korea .......................................................... 30
     U.S., S. Korea Vow To End N. Korea Nuclear Weapons .............................................. 31
     W21 Trillion To Be Spent Developing U.S. Bases ....................................................... 31
     What Future For Midair Rocket Launches? ................................................................. 31
RUSSIA ................................................................................................................................ 32
     India And IAEA Sign Nuclear Inspections Deal ........................................................... 32
         Russia Refused To Cut Red Tape For Japanese Humanitarian Mission To Northern
         Territories...................................................................................................................... 32
         Medvedev Addresses Georgian Congress, Says Seeks Friendly Ties ....................... 32
         Medvedev, Lukashenko Discuss New Air Defense Deal ............................................. 33
         Mi-24 Combat Helicopter Crashes In Saratov Region, Crew Killed ............................ 33
OCEANIA, SOUTH ASIA, AND SOUTHEAST ASIA ................................................................. 33
   AUSTRALIA ......................................................................................................................... 33
         12 Years For Terror Leader Benbrika ........................................................................... 33
         Australia Unveils A$42Bn Package .............................................................................. 34
         Defense Spending Hurt By Low Dollar ........................................................................ 34
         Kingpin Let Nation Support Him While He Preached Jihad ........................................ 34
         PM Kevin Rudd Goes For Broke With $42bn Stimulus Package ................................ 35
         Foreign Visits To India Cancelled Due to PM's Ill-Health ............................................ 35
   BANGLADESH..................................................................................................................... 35
         Hasina To Visit Saudi Arabia ........................................................................................ 35
         U.S. Expert Says: Civil-Military Ties Must Not Be Barred By Corrupt Policies .......... 35
         U.S. Official To Hold Talks On Trade, Security In Bangladesh ................................... 36
   BRUNEI ................................................................................................................................ 36
         HM's Sabah Visit Begins Today ................................................................................... 36
   BURMA ................................................................................................................................ 37
         Burma's Opium Poppy Growers Return To Their Fields ............................................. 37
         Burmese Boat People Found Drifting Off Indonesia ................................................... 37
         Junta Builds Weapons Factory In Central Burma ....................................................... 37
         No Concrete Results for Gambari ................................................................................ 38
         Suu Kyi Healthy But Concerned Over Absence Of Rule Of Law In Burma ................ 38
         Myanmar migrants say cast adrift by Thais ................................................................. 38
         Rohingya Tell Of Beatings By Thai Forces .................................................................. 39
         Than Shwe Again Shuns Meeting with Gambari ......................................................... 39
         U.N. Envoy Ends Another Myanmar Trip Empty-Handed............................................ 39
         UN envoy wraps up Myanmar trip after talks with Aung San Suu Kyi ........................ 40
         Indonesian Navy Rescues 198 Rohingya Near Aceh .................................................. 40
   CAMBODIA .......................................................................................................................... 40
         Cambodia To Reform Commune-Level Policing, Border Security In 2009 ................. 40
         Thailand, Cambodia Resume Temple Dispute Talks - Official .................................... 41
   FIJI ....................................................................................................................................... 41
         Fiji Military Eyes More Equipment In Bid To Get International Peacekeeping Work . 41
         Fiji’s Permanent Secretary To Local Government Says Council Reform Legal ......... 41
         Fiji's Future 'Uncertain' ................................................................................................. 42
         Fiji's Leader Calls Diplomat Back From PNG .............................................................. 42
         Samoa PM Says No Peace In Fiji Unless Military Goes............................................... 42
   FRENCH POLYNESIA.......................................................................................................... 42
         French Polynesian Politician, Gaston Flosse, Due In Court ....................................... 42
   GUAM .................................................................................................................................. 43
         Military Seeks Public Input On Buildup Impact ........................................................... 43
   INDIA.................................................................................................................................... 43
         Boom Marginalizes India's Urban Poor - Report ......................................................... 43
     India Should Have Rightful Place In UNSC: Antony .................................................... 43
     Indo-U.S. Cooperation In Development Of Bio-Fuels .................................................. 44
     Foreign Visits To India Cancelled Due to PM's Ill-Health ............................................ 44
     Days Before 26/11 Report, Pak Denies Any Terror Links............................................ 44
     India Again Terms Pakistan 'Epicenter' Of Global Terror ........................................... 45
     India Still Awaiting Word From Pakistan On Mumbai Terror Probe ........................... 45
     Pak Says Mumbai Strikes Plotted Outside, Agencies Not Involved ........................... 46
     Pakistan Briefs Envoy To India On Mumbai Probe; Could Charge 125 ...................... 46
     Pakistan Wants To Normalize Ties With India: FM Qureshi ........................................ 46
     Pranab Contradicts NSA, Says Pak Yet To Respond Officially .................................. 47
     Report On Mumbai Attacks To Be Made Public Soon: Tasnim ................................... 47
     India And IAEA Sign Nuclear Inspections Deal ........................................................... 47
     India Looks To Pick Up Sri Lankan Pieces .................................................................. 48
     Defense Minister In India To Strengthen Military Ties................................................. 48
     Mauritian Delegation Holds Talks With Navy Officials ................................................ 48
INDONESIA .......................................................................................................................... 49
     Burmese Boat People Found Drifting Off Indonesia ................................................... 49
     Indonesian Navy Rescues 198 Rohingya Near Aceh .................................................. 49
     Clinton Expected To Visit Indonesia This Month ........................................................ 49
     Coffin-Wielding Mob Beats Indonesia Lawmaker To Death ........................................ 49
     Ex-Generals Rebuke SBY For Remark ......................................................................... 50
     Garuda Contingent Receives Courtesy Call from UNIFIL Force Commander ............ 50
     Global Crisis Cuts Massive Chunk From Export Figures ........................................... 50
     Heavy Rain Grinds Capital To A Halt ........................................................................... 50
     Marines and UNP ROTC Conducts Joint Training....................................................... 51
     Military Medical Students Visit Halim Perdanakusuma Airbase ................................. 51
     More House Politicians Confess To Receiving Bribes ................................................ 51
     TNI Commander Receives Courtesy Call from Philippines Armed Forces
     Commander................................................................................................................... 51
     S'pore, Indonesia Working Out Details Of Border Agreement Signing Ceremony .... 51
LAOS ................................................................................................................................... 52
     Unexploded Bombs Still Taking Toll in Laos............................................................... 52
MALAYSIA ........................................................................................................................... 52
     HM's Sabah Visit Begins Today ................................................................................... 52
     Malaysian Economy Left To Drift ................................................................................. 53
     Malaysian Election Authority Intervenes In State Defection Dispute ......................... 53
     Malaysian Government Says Forest Reserve 'Plundered' For Oil Palm Development
     ....................................................................................................................................... 53
MALDIVES ........................................................................................................................... 54
     Defense Minister In India To Strengthen Military Ties................................................. 54
     President To Visit Italy To Attract More Tourists ........................................................ 54
MAURITIUS .......................................................................................................................... 54
     Mauritian Delegation Holds Talks With Navy Officials ................................................ 54
NEPAL ................................................................................................................................. 55
     Dowry Killing Mocks Nepal PM’s Resolve ................................................................... 55
     Nepal Prez Declines To Attend Maoist 'Army Day' Function ...................................... 55
     SAC to Quiz Defense Minister Over NA Recruitment Row .......................................... 55
PAKISTAN ........................................................................................................................... 56
     70 Militants, Four Civilians Killed In Swat.................................................................... 56
     Ban Ki-Moon To Visit Pakistan On Feb 4 ..................................................................... 56
     Militants In Pakistan Sever Afghan Supply Link.......................................................... 56
     Pakistani Police Hunt For Kidnapped U.N. Official...................................................... 57
     Pakistan-Jordan Agree To Sign Free Trade Agreement.............................................. 57
     U.S. Working With Pakistan Against Terrorism: Clinton............................................. 57
     Days Before 26/11 Report, Pak Denies Any Terror Links............................................ 58
     India Again Terms Pakistan 'Epicenter' Of Global Terror ........................................... 58
     India Still Awaiting Word From Pakistan On Mumbai Terror Probe ........................... 59
     Pak Says Mumbai Strikes Plotted Outside, Agencies Not Involved ........................... 59
     Pakistan Briefs Envoy To India On Mumbai Probe; Could Charge 125 ...................... 59
     Pakistan Wants To Normalize Ties With India: FM Qureshi ........................................ 60
     Pranab Contradicts NSA, Says Pak Yet To Respond Officially .................................. 60
     Report On Mumbai Attacks To Be Made Public Soon: Tasnim................................... 60
     Japan Plans To Host Donors' Confab On Pakistan ..................................................... 61
PHILIPPINES ....................................................................................................................... 61
     China Reiterates Sovereignty In South China Sea ...................................................... 61
     TNI Commander Receives Courtesy Call from Philippines Armed Forces
     Commander................................................................................................................... 61
     Abu Sayyaf Want De Castro In Talks ........................................................................... 61
     Enrile To Arroyo: Sack Negligent SEC Officials .......................................................... 62
     Fate Of ICRC Hostages In Limbo.................................................................................. 62
     House Panel Junks Resolution Opposing Charter Change ........................................ 62
     House Version Of Baselines Bill 'On War Path' - Enrile .............................................. 63
SAMOA ................................................................................................................................ 63
     Samoa PM Says No Peace In Fiji Unless Military Goes............................................... 63
SINGAPORE ........................................................................................................................ 63
     S'pore, Indonesia Working Out Details Of Border Agreement Signing Ceremony .... 63
SOLOMON ISLANDS ........................................................................................................... 63
     Relief Efforts Underway In Solomon Islands Following Flooding .............................. 63
     Solomons Flooding Death Toll Reaches Nine ............................................................. 64
SRI LANKA .......................................................................................................................... 64
     India Looks To Pick Up Sri Lankan Pieces .................................................................. 64
     President Welcomes Vatican Representative .............................................................. 64
     S. Lanka Hospital 'Attacked Again' .............................................................................. 65
     Sri Lanka Takes Tiger Chief's Bunker: Army ............................................................... 65
     Sri Lankan’s Flee 1 Of Last Hospitals In War Zone ..................................................... 65
     Sri Lanka's Tamils Face Hard Future ........................................................................... 66
     Tamil Rebels Lose Last Airstrip To Sri Lanka Army ................................................... 66
     U.S., EU, Others Urge S. Lanka's Tigers To Surrender ............................................... 66
THAILAND ........................................................................................................................... 67
     Myanmar migrants say cast adrift by Thais ................................................................. 67
     Rohingya Tell Of Beatings By Thai Forces .................................................................. 67
     Thailand, Cambodia Resume Temple Dispute Talks - Official .................................... 67
     Abhisit Debuts Well, And Now To Business ................................................................ 68
     New Thai Development Minister Quits Over Rotten Fish Scandal.............................. 68
     Ousted Thai PM Thaksin Vows Comeback .................................................................. 68
                                            SUMMARIES

ASIA

AVIAN INFLUENZA (BIRD FLU)

[China] China Bird Flu Outbreak Feared
DEAD BIRDS: After chickens, a goose, a duck and other birds washed ashore in Hong Kong, the
chairman of a medical association said there may be a ‗terrible‘ secret. The discovery of dead
birds brought a warning from one of the territory‘s top bird-flu experts that ―something very
terrible‖ could be happening in China. China has suffered an outbreak of bird flu among poultry,
but Beijing has yet to report such an incident, said Lo Wing-Lok, a legislator and chairman of the
Hong Kong Medical Association. ―There‘s no doubt of an outbreak of bird flu in China, though the
government hasn‘t admitted it,‖ Lo said in a telephone interview yesterday. ―Inefficient
communication between the Hong Kong and mainland authorities is an ongoing problem. Hong
Kong has not been well-informed by the mainland,‖ Lo said. Eight people have been infected
with the H5N1 strain of avian influenza in China this year, the most in a single month since 2003,
when the virus was first detected in humans, the WHO said. On Monday alone, the carcasses of
one goose, five chickens, a duck and two other birds were found, bringing to 12 the number of
dead birds found on Lantau since Thursday. Three of the 12 dead birds found on Hong Kong
Lantau tested positive for the strain, stoking concerns the virus is circulating widely among birds
Guangdong Province. ―This is suddenly something very serious,‖ Lo said. ―We have to confirm
the source of these dead birds, whether it is local or from the mainland. If they are from the
mainland, something very terrible could be happening across the border.‖ (Cont)
Source: DPA And Bloomberg, Hong Kong
http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/front/archives/2009/02/04/2003435230

[China] China Has Bird Flu Outbreak, Hong Kong Adviser Says
China has suffered an outbreak of bird flu among poultry even though the mainland government
has yet to report such an incident, said Lo Wing-Lok, a Hong Kong government adviser on
infectious diseases. ―There‘s no doubt of an outbreak of bird flu in China, though the government
hasn‘t admitted it,‖ Lo said in a telephone interview today. ―Inefficient communication between the
Hong Kong and mainland authorities is an ongoing problem. Hong Kong has not been well-
informed by the mainland.‖ Eight people have been infected with the H5N1 strain of avian
influenza in China this year, the most in a single month since 2003 when the lethal virus was first
detected in humans, according to the World Health Organization. Three out of 12 dead birds
found on Hong Kong‘s Lantau Island tested positive for the strain, stoking concerns the virus is
circulating widely among birds in southern Guangdong province which borders Hong Kong. (cont)
Source: Bloomberg
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601080&sid=aozJSrNiJ9Io&refer=asia

[Vietnam] Hanoi Bans Poultry Transport By Bikes To Stop Flu
Vietnam's capital city Hanoi has banned the use of motorcycles and bicycles to transport live
poultry as part of efforts to protect the city from a bird flu outbreak. Starting this week, all poultry
brought into the city must be transported by specialized trucks and be certified bird flu-free by the
local animal health department, the city government said in a statement seen on Tuesday. Hanoi
has not been hit by the deadly H5N1 virus yet but the agriculture ministry said this week a new
bird flu outbreak was discovered in the southernmost province of Ca Mau, where several hundred
ducks had tested positive to bird flu. The bans may be difficult to enforce because large parts of
Hanoi are rural and motorcycles are the primary means of transportation for millions of people in
Vietnam. Hanoi has a population of about 6 million. (cont)
Source: Reuters
http://af.reuters.com/article/oddlyEnoughNews/idAFTRE5121SP20090203
WORLD ECONOMIC FORUM (WEF)

When Globalization Goes Into Reverse
There are rock festivals and book festivals – and then there is the annual globalization festival,
otherwise known as the World Economic Forum in Davos. For the past decade, the Davos
meeting has brought together big business, high finance and top politics to promote and celebrate
the integration of the global economy. Whatever their business rivalries or political differences,
the Davos delegates all agreed that the road to peace and prosperity lay through more
international trade and investment – globalization, in short. But this year the forum has had to
confront a new phenomenon – delocalization. The world that Davos Man created is slipping into
reverse. International trade and investment is falling and protectionist barriers are on the rise.
Economies are shrinking and unemployment is growing. The symptoms of delocalization are all
around us. Last week, it was reported that global air cargo traffic in December 2008 was down
22.6 per cent compared with December 2007. Abhisit Vejjajiva, prime minister of Thailand, told
the forum that tourist receipts in his country had fallen by about 20 per cent year-on-year, in line
with the general decline in international travel (and stripping out the effects of the temporary
closure of Bangkok airport). In the US and Europe, governments are scrambling to bail out not
just banks but also car companies. But, as the European Union has long acknowledged, ―state
aid‖ to national industrial champions is a form of protectionism. (Cont)
Source: The Financial Times, Gideon Rachman
http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/be73375a-f134-11dd-8790-0000779fd2ac.html

SIX PARTY TALKS

Chris Hill: The Six Party Approach Is The Right Way
Christopher Hill believes that North Korea will realize that there should be a ―working relationship‖
with South Korea. On February 2, Hill, Head of the U.S. Delegation to the Six Party Talks, made a
speech in a conference hosted by the Harvard East Asia Society, entitled ―The North Korean
Talks in the Context of Northeast Asia Security.‖ He further stressed that Lee Myung Bak was not
the first president that North Korea bitterly spoke ill of. Regarding the issue of the validity of the
Six Party Talk in the Obama Administration, Hill assured listeners that the Obama Administration
will continue to prioritize North Korea via the Six Party Talk. Hill answered two questions by
defending the preexisting mechanism. First, ―do we have the right framework?‖ In other words,
are we confident that the Six Party Talks mechanism is right for the issue of the North Korean
crisis? Christopher Hill manifested his confidence, stating succinctly: ―Yes, we do.‖ Hill considers
that the Six Party approach is the right way and, further, argued that ―we want to continue to form
this sense of community.‖ Putting together these six heterogeneous states, which have very
different vantage points, is very challenging work, he said, and yet, ―we can see that as we work
on the issue we‘re beginning to form a greater sense of community.‖ Hill testified that the Japan-
China relationship, Japan-South Korea relationship, South Korea-China relationship, and South
Korea-Japan relationship were impressively advancing because of the Six Party Talk. (cont)
Source: DailyNK; Si Jin Oh
http://www.dailynk.com/english/read.php?cataId=nk00100&num=4514

NORTHEAST ASIA

CHINA

Mainland

"China's National Defense In 2008" Marks Maximum Transparency
On January 20, a white paper entitled "China's National Defense in 2008" was released. "The
white paper in 2008 disclosed for the first time China's national defense strategy goals. The
transparency of strategic intent marks maximum transparency," said Dr. Chen Zhou, a research
fellow at the Department of War Theory and Strategic Studies under the Academy of Military
Science, and participated in the writing of the white papers as a member of the expert panel for
many times. For the first time the paper, which is the sixth national defense white paper the
Chinese government has issued since 1998, makes public basic statistics on the changes in
national defense expenditures over the past 30 years, publishes the number of border public
security forces and introduces the size of the militia. In separate chapters, for the first time, it also
describes the development of the Army, the Navy, the Air Force and the Second Artillery Force
and introduces the specialties of the Navy Reserve, the Air Force Reserve and the Second
Artillery Force Reserve. The white paper also outlines the structure and organization of the
reserve forces, as well as the locations of headquarters of the naval fleets for the very first time.
All this new content and new highlights have brought new life to the 2008 national defense white
paper. (Cont)
Source: People's Daily
http://english.people.com.cn/90001/90776/90785/6584743.html

13 Years For Corrupt Former Party Chief
AN official in eastern China's Jiangsu Province has been sentenced to 13 years behind bars for
taking bribes worth millions of yuan. Dong Feng, former Party secretary of a district in Jiangsu's
Xuzhou City, and one of his mistresses, Chen Wen, were found guilty of soliciting and accepting
bribes, Xinhua news agency reported. Dong's attorney, Liu Jianhua, told the Oriental Morning
Post prosecutors charged Dong and Chen with taking 2.82 million yuan (US$412,269) over 44
occasions. Chen was also given a jail term of three and a half years. Dong's case was highly
publicized by local governments. Xuzhou City held a conference on December 10 to inform Party
members and government workers about Dong's corruption case. More than a thousand were
reported to attend the meeting. In court, Dong admitted Chen was his mistress. Chen is 22 years
younger than Dong and they have openly cohabited since 2006. Chen was not his first mistress.
In 1994, he forced his wife, Sui Chuanxia, to watch him having sex with another young woman.
For several years, he compelled his wife to have sex with both him and his mistresses. Dong
also had children with some of his mistresses while he remained married to Sui. In May 2006,
Dong's wife reported her husband to Wang Peirong, a professor in a Xuzhou's university known
for his campaigns against corruption. Wang sent photos and evidence to the Xuzhou government
but no action was taken. On July 6, Wang published the photos on the Internet. The next day,
Dong confessed his extramarital affairs and he was arrested on corruption charges on July 17.
Source: Shanghai Daily, Li Xinran
http://www.shanghaidaily.com/sp/article/2009/200902/20090204/article_389799.htm

Airbus Signs Wing Deal With Xi'an Aircraft
LONDON - Airbus and Xi'an Aircraft Industry Company (XAC) signed on Monday an agreement
that will see XAC finish and test wings destined for A320 aircraft at plant in China. According to
this fourth phase of the agreement, the wing equipping and testing will be done in Tianjin in a
facility to be newly built close to the A320 FALC by XAC, a wholly owned subsidiary of China
Aviation Industry Corporation (AVIC). The fully equipped and tested wings will be directly
delivered to the nearby Final Assembly Line. The wing box structures assembled by XAC in
China are now completed at Airbus' Broughton site, before being transported to the Final
Assembly Line in China. The wing equipping operations are expected to start at the end of 2009,
followed by the first delivery of a fully equipped set of wings in the first quarter of 2010. "With this
project, Airbus is fulfilling its support to the cooperation agreement regarding A320 China wing
manufacture," said Fleet. He said that having this facility close to the FALC is the most efficient
industrial solution which will save transportation costs, reduce lead-time and risks in handling,
and ensures quicker response time to our customers. Meng said that "I am confident that we will
also be successful with this fourth phase, after successes in the first three phases. "
Source: Xinhua
http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2009-02/03/content_7440654.htm
Central Gov't Cashes In Another US$19B For Stimulus Plan
BEIJING - China's central government has launched a new stimulus plan totaling 130 billion yuan
(US$19 billion) to boost its economy, an official of the National Development and Reform
Commission (NDRC) said on Tuesday. The fund is the second batch of investment from the
central budget following a 100 billion yuan allocated in the fourth quarter of 2008. Both were
included in the country's 4 trillion yuan economic stimulus package announced in November.
Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao said Tuesday the 130 billion yuan had been put in place in terms of
real funds and on what projects the money will be spent during an interview with the London-
based Financial Times. China's economic growth slowed to 6.8 percent in the fourth quarter of
2008, dragging down the annual rate to a seven-year low of 9 percent, as the global financial
crisis takes a toll on the national economy. The government is hoping to bolster the slowing
economy with huge investment from central government, followed by more from local
governments and non-governmental sectors. The NDRC official, who spoke to Xinhua Tuesday
morning on condition of anonymity, confirmed the latest 130 billion yuan investment, but declined
to unveil detailed plans of the investment before the commission's official announcement.
However, Tuesday morning's 21st Century Business Herald rolled out specific plans with 28
billion yuan to provide housing for low-income earners and 31.5 billion yuan for public facilities,
such as electricity, water and road construction in rural areas, citing an unidentified source.
(Cont)
Source: Xinhua
http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2009-02/03/content_7442775.htm

China, Britain Issue Joint Statement On Closer Co-Op Amid Int'l Financial Crisis
China and Britain on Monday issued a joint statement, agreeing to strengthen cooperation and
actively deal with the international financial crisis. As two of the world's leading economies,
China and Britain are crucial players in addressing the unstable economic climate, according to
the joint statement issued after talks between visiting Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao and British
Prime Minister Gordon Brown. "We reaffirm our determination to develop still further our
comprehensive strategic partnership, based on the principles of mutual respect, equality and
mutual benefit, in order to support domestic economic growth, prosperity and stability, to tackle
the international challenges we face, to foster a global recovery from the current economic crisis,
and to pursue sustainable and harmonious development," the statement said. On China-EU
relations, both sides agreed that maintaining the steady development of bilateral ties is essential
in the current complicated global political and economic environment. "We agree to make
concerted efforts to promote the comprehensive strategic partnership between China and the
EU," the statement said. The two sides said the global economy, buffeted by a series of major
financial shocks unprecedented in scale and scope, is now facing its worst crisis in generations.
"This is a truly global crisis that can only be effectively resolved through global cooperation," the
statement said. (Cont)
Source: Xinhua
http://english.people.com.cn/90001/90776/90883/6583991.html

Chinese President To Visit 5 Asian, African Nations
BEIJING -- Chinese President Hu Jintao will pay state visits to Saudi Arabia, Mali, Senegal,
Tanzania and Mauritius from February 10 to 17, Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Jiang Yu
announced Tuesday. Jiang told a regular press conference that Hu's visit is aimed at further
consolidating China's friendship and cooperation with these countries, strengthening China's
cooperation with the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf, and promoting the
implementation of the measures announced at the Beijing Summit of the Forum on China-Africa
Cooperation. Hu will hold talks and meetings with leaders of the five countries, and exchange
views on further strengthening bilateral friendship and cooperation as well as international and
regional issues of common concern, Jiang said. She added that China believed Hu's visits will
promote the strategic friendly relationship between China and Saudi Arabia, and the new type of
strategic partnership between China and Africa, consolidate the traditional friendship between
China and African countries. Hu is invited by King of Saudi Arabia Abdullah bin Abdul-Aziz,
Malian President Amadou Toumany Toure, Senegalese President Abdoulaye Wade, Tanzanian
President Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete, Mauritian President Anerood Jugnauth and Prime Minister
Navinchandra Ramgoolam.
Source: Xinhua
http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2009-02/03/content_7442786.htm

China, U.S. Closely Working On Clinton's China Tour
China and the United States are working closely on U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton's visit
to China, said Chinese Foreign Ministry Spokeswoman Jiang Yu here on Tuesday. "The high-
level visits between China and the United States are of great importance to promoting bilateral
ties," Jiang said at a news briefing. Jiang is also optimistic about the relationship between the
Chinese and the new U.S. governments, saying that China and the United States have kept
"close contacts" since the Obama administration took office on Jan. 20. Chinese President Hu
Jintao talked by phone with his U.S. counterpart Barack Obama on bilateral ties on Jan. 30, with
both sides expressing the willingness to further the ties. Chinese Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi
and new U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton also held a telephone conversation on bilateral
relations on Jan. 23. "We appreciated the attitude that the U.S. side is devoted to developing a
more active and constructive relationship with China," Jiang said. "We are willing to enhance
dialogue and mutual trust, expand cooperation, respect each other's core interests, and jointly
respond to global challenges," she said. Jiang also stressed that China will stick to peaceful
development and not pose a threat to any other nation.
Source: Xinhua
http://english.people.com.cn/90001/90776/90883/6584827.html

FM: China Opposes U.S. Sanctions On Two Firms
BEIJING -- China expressed opposition Tuesday to the United States' decision to impose
sanctions on two Chinese companies that allegedly violated US anti-proliferation laws. "China's
stance on anti-proliferation is clear," Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Jiang Yu told a regular news
briefing. She said China firmly opposed the US sanctions against the Chinese companies and
added that the action "was not good for healthy bilateral cooperation in the field of anti-
proliferation." The Obama administration on Monday announced it had imposed sanctions on
companies in China, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) and Iran for violating US
laws aimed at stopping the spread of missiles and other weapons technology. The US
government said it had determined that two Chinese companies, Dalian Sunny Industries and
Bellamax, had engaged in activities that breached the Arms Export Control Act and the Export
Administration Act of 1979, according to the Monday edition of the US Federal Register. The
United States also claimed that the two companies had engaged in proliferation activities, which
violated Executive Order 12938 of November 14, 1994. The sanctions, which took effect on
February 2, bar the companies from providing goods, technology or services to US government
agencies and departments for two years. The sanctions also bar the import of any goods,
technology or services from these companies into the United States, the Register said.
Source: Xinhua
http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2009-02/03/content_7442881.htm

Fog Strands Thousands At NW China Airport
URUMQI -- More than 3,600 people were stranded at an airport in northwest China's Xinjiang
Uygur Autonomous Region Tuesday after thick fog affected 76 domestic flights. Visibility in the
Diwobao International Airport in Urumqi, the regional capital, dropped to 200 meters after 11 a.m.
and then remained at about 300 m, far less than the required level for take-offs. Six flights were
canceled, 11 were diverted to other cities and 59 were delayed, according to the airport
administration. Airport staff began to arrange flights in the evening to move the stranded
passengers. The heavy fog also caused a road pile-up in the morning, killing three people and
injuring two others in Fukang City after a truck-car collision that triggered a number of other
crashes. Traffic police were investigating the fatal accident.
Source: Xinhua
http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2009-02/03/content_7442920.htm

Former Securities Regulator Charged With Graft
WANG Yi, the former vice chairman of China's top securities regulator and vice president of
China Development Bank, has been arrested on bribery and other corruption charges. China's
chief prosecutors issued an arrest warrant for Wang on January 22, more than six months after
he was put under "double-designation" status, the People's Daily reported on its Website
yesterday. The phrase refers to Communist Party officials who have been ordered to explain or
confess their alleged involvement in a disciplinary violation or corruption case within a designated
period at a designated place. A well-informed source quoted the Party's discipline and inspection
department that Wang was involved in taking bribes, issuing bank loans to entrepreneurs
engaged in illegal activities, and offering improper aid to enterprises listing on the stock markets
on China's mainland, the newspaper said. It quoted unnamed official sources as saying that
Wang had confessed to accepting bribes exceeding 10 million yuan (US$1.45 million). Wang, 53,
was also accused of leading an "immoral" life, according to the same sources, which did not
provide details. Wang and Wei Dong, the former chairman of the Changsha-based financial
powerhouse Yongjin Group, were placed under surveillance in April, according to the news
report. Wei died on April 29 when he jumped from his 17th-floor Beijing apartment. (Cont)
Source: Shanghai Daily, Li Xinran
http://www.shanghaidaily.com/sp/article/2009/200902/20090204/article_389814.htm

IMF: China's 8% Growth This Year Challenging But Possible
WASHINGTON - China's economy might achieve the 8 percent growth rate this year but it was
challenging, said International Monetary Fund (IMF)'s Managing Director Dominique Strauss-
Kahn on Monday. "The growth in China is tremendously important for the world economy."
Strauss-Kahn responded to a question raised by Xinhua. "We expect 6.7 percent growth this year
(for China), 8 percent will be very challenging but is possible." "China has showed in the past
that it sometimes was able to do much more than expected," said the IMF chief, who will visit
Asia late this week. He also told reporters that China has more room for fiscal stimulus beyond
the 4 trillion yuan (US$584 billion) fiscal package launched last year, adding China and some
other Asian economies might "recover very fast." "A rapid recovery is possible," Strauss-Kahn
said. "Some Asian economies are very good candidates to be the leading economies when things
get going."
Source: Xinhua
http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2009-02/03/content_7441741.htm

China Urges Improved Relations On Korean Peninsula Through Peaceful Dialogue
China urged the north and south on the Korean Peninsula Tuesday to improve bilateral ties
through dialogue and promote reconciliation and cooperation. "Maintaining the stability of the
peninsula is in the interests of the north and south of the peninsula," Jiang Yu, Foreign Ministry
spokeswoman, told reporters at a regular press conference. "As a neighbor of the Korean
Peninsula, China always hopes that both sides of the peninsula can improve relations through
dialogue and push forward conciliation and cooperation," Jiang said. The Democratic People's
Republic of Korea (DPRK) scrapped all political and military agreements with the Republic of
Korea at the end of last month, according to the DPRK's official KCNA news agency. China
hoped the north and south of the Korean Peninsula could improve relations through dialogue and
coordination so as to maintain peace and stability in northeast Asia, said the spokeswoman. As
to the six-party talks, Jiang said that the talks have already made progress with the joint efforts of
various parties. "We are expecting the relevant parties to continuously work to realize the
denuclearization of the peninsula and to play a constructive role in maintaining peace and stability
in northeast Asia," she said. "We hope that the relevant parties can coordinate and work together
to bring the talks to a new stage," Jiang said.
Source: Xinhua, Yang Yang
http://english.cri.cn/6909/2009/02/03/1361s449748.htm
China Reiterates Sovereignty In South China Sea
BEIJING -- China reiterated Tuesday its sovereignty over Huangyan Island and the Nansha
Islands in the South China Sea. Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Jiang Yu, in response to
Philippine territorial claims over the islands, said: "China possesses indisputable sovereignty over
Huangyan Island, the Nansha Islands and adjacent waters." The Philippine legislature reportedly
approved legislation stating that those islands were within the country's jurisdiction. Jiang said
that under the joint efforts of the parties concerned, the situation in the South China Sea was
stable overall. China hoped the countries involved would in practice abide by the Declaration on
the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea, and not take actions that might complicate or
expand disputes, she said. The spokeswoman called for concerted efforts of the parties
concerned to safeguard the peace and stability of the South China Sea.
Source: Xinhua
http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2009-02/03/content_7442878.htm

Premier Wen Ends EU Tour With Optimism
LONDON -- Premier Wen Jiabao sounded a note of optimism Monday in London and pointed to
signs of economic recovery in China as indicating there is "light at the end of the tunnel"
regarding the ongoing global financial crisis. "In some places people are disappointed, people
are frustrated and people are pessimistic. They are quickly unsettled by the current situation,"
Wen told a business conference during a visit to the British capital. "There is light at the end of
the tunnel ... I am calling for confidence, cooperation and responsibility, I've been calling for that
all along because if we do that we can save the world." The conference was also attended by
British Prime Minister Gordon Brown, who is preparing to host a summit of world leaders in April
at which new measures to tackle the credit crisis will be outlined. In a joint statement, China and
the UK Sunday vowed to work together to ensure the summit produces concrete solutions to the
crisis. They also pledged to push WTO negotiations, reform the international financial system
and support emerging economies to have a bigger say in financial institutions such as the World
Bank and the International Monetary Fund. Signs of recovery were seen in the final days of 2008
and China will maintain economic growth of "about 8 percent" this year, Wen said on Sunday.
"During the last 10 days of December it started to get better. The goods piled up in port started to
decrease and the price of industrial products started to rise," Wen said. (Cont)
Source: China Daily / Agencies
http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2009-02/03/content_7440047.htm

Premier Wen: Co-Op Priority To Tackle Financial Crisis
CAMBRIDGE, Britain -- Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao said on Monday that cooperation to tide
over global financial difficulties is a "top priority" and urged people to "see China in the light of
development." "To work together and tide over the difficulties has become our top priority," Wen
said in his speech at the University of Cambridge, Britain, the last leg of his weeklong "trip of
confidence" to Europe. Describing the crisis as "unprecedented," Wen said the upheaval has had
a severe impact on China and Britain as well as other countries in Europe. The premier
reiterated the position of the Chinese government, saying countries should first run their own
affairs well and refrain from shifting troubles onto others. They also should carry out cooperation
with full sincerity and avoid pursuing their own interests at the expense of others, he said.
Moreover, countries should address both the symptoms and the root causes of the problem, Wen
added. Wen said necessary reform of the international monetary and financial systems should be
carried out to establish a new international financial order that is fair, equitable, inclusive and well-
managed. "We should create an institutional environment conducive to global economic growth,"
he said. In addition, Wen called for serious reflection on existing economic systems and theories
in the face of the current financial crisis. (Cont)
Source: Xinhua
http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2009-02/03/content_7439827.htm
Record Numbers Clog China's Tracks
CHINA'S railways had their busiest season in January, as millions of people returned home for
the Spring Festival. The total number of passengers hit 133 million for the month, an increase of
11.8 percent over the same month last year, according to the Ministry of Railways. In the first 21
days of the 40-day holiday rush from January 11, 93.61 million people traveled by train, a daily
volume of 4.46 million on average, up 15.4 percent from the same period last year. The MOR
warned the railways are expected to face even bigger challenges in February, when more people
will return to work from their hometowns by train. Wuhan, Nanchang, Chengdu, Changsha,
Fuyang and Hefei cities are experiencing major bottlenecks, as they are home to millions of
migrant workers.
Source: Xinhua
http://www.shanghaidaily.com/sp/article/2009/200902/20090204/article_389796.htm

Rolls Royce, Chinese Institute To Improve Aircraft Engine Material
British-based engine maker Rolls Royce and the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) will work
together to improve an insulating material used in aircraft turbine engines, under a memorandum
of understanding (MOU) signed by the two sides. The MOU was signed during Premier Wen
Jiabao's visit to Britain. Rolls Royce and the CAS Institute of Metal Research, based in
Shenyang, will cooperate in the area of forging titanium aluminide, an alloy that can withstand
higher fuel combustion temperatures. The material will be used in the next generation of light,
energy-saving engines.
Source: Xinhua, Yang Yang
http://english.cri.cn/6909/2009/02/03/1361s449815.htm

Weichuan Milk Powder Contained Bacteria
Three batches of milk powder from Taiwan Weichuan Foods Company tested positive for E.
sakazakii, a pathogen causing disease in people with weakened immune systems, the national
quality watchdog said Sunday. According to a list released on its official website, about 9.624
tons of baby milk formula from Taiwan were found with the pathogen when it came into the
mainland through Hong Kong on Oct 17 last year. All the tainted milk formula was destroyed in
Hong Kong, 163.com quoted the spokesman of the company as saying yesterday. He said the
three batches of milk formula have independent formulation, so other milk products from the
company are safe for customers, the website reported Monday. The company will give further
explanation on television soon, he told the website. E. sakazakii is a rare but potential fatal and
invasive pathogen among infants younger than 12 months old, which can cause bloodstream and
central nervous system infections. A 2007 investigation by the World Health Organization said
mortality rates from E. sakazakii infection have been as high as 50 percent or more for infants. In
the Sanlu milk scandal last year, more than 294,000 infants suffered kidney problems and at least
six babies died, according to figures from the Ministry of Health. Tian Wenhua, the former
chairwoman and general manager of the Sanlu group, was sentenced to life in prison on Jan 22.
More than 2,000 netizens expressed their worry about food safety on 163.com after the latest
disclosure.(Cont)
Source: China Daily, Wang Qian
http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2009-02/03/content_7440296.htm

Hong Kong

Beijing Wants It Both Ways In Space
In the first few days of the new Barack Obama administration, United States Secretary of State
Hillary Clinton declared that the US needs "a comprehensive dialogue with China" and space-
related matters will certainly be part of this dialogue. Transparency will certainly be one of the
most important issues to be addressed. China has kept the world almost completely in the dark
about many of its space activities for far too long. Two years after China conducted its anti-
satellite (ASAT) test, fragments of the target, an old Chinese weather satellite, are still out there
drifting in space. What is also out there is a lot of lingering doubt and uncertainty about China's
intentions in space. Establishing the rules of the roads regarding space launches is one thing,
and, maintaining safety measures for existing satellites and space vehicles while providing
greater certainty in the commercial space realm is vital. But the search for transparency in this
case propels the US onto stormy seas at a time when greater global cooperation is widely seen
as a necessity given the adverse economic climate. "[This] cuts straight to the heart of the
Obama administration's plans to seek negotiated weapons bans in space, or 'rules based' arms
control of any variety. We have been down this road with the former Soviet Union. China will be
even tougher, and even more committed to using any arms control measure to disarm its
adversaries," said Richard Fisher, senior fellow at the Washington DC-based International
Assessment and Strategy Center, and the author of a new book, China's Military Modernization,
Building for Regional and Global Reach. (Cont)
Source: Asia Times, Peter J. Brown
http://www.atimes.com/atimes/China/KB04Ad02.html

China Spreads Its Peacekeepers
The Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) has increased its participation in a broadening array
of multilateral security arrangements in recent years. One of the most high-profile aspects of this
trend is the dramatic expansion in Chinese peacekeeping deployments (of civilian police, military
observers, engineering battalions, and medical units) to United Nations operations: since 2000,
when China deployed fewer than 100 peacekeepers, there has been a remarkable 20-fold
increase in its contributions. As of December 2008, China was the 14th largest contributor to UN
peacekeeping operations, providing more troops, police and observers to UN operations than
three other permanent members of the UN Security Council - Russia, the United Kingdom and
the United States. Nearly three-quarters of China's contributions are concentrated in Africa, and
the Chinese government plans new and even more significant increases to its contributions in
such strife-torn regions as the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Haiti, Liberia and Sudan. What
is behind this approach? First, this trend reflects China's overall effort, especially since the late
1990s, to become more responsive to international expectations while making positive and
tangible contributions to global peace and security. Positive engagement with the outside world
helps China project a more benign and "harmonious" image beyond its borders, reassure
neighbors about its peaceful intentions and softly balance the influence of other major players -
such as the United States - while gradually but more firmly establishing acceptance of China as a
great power. (Cont)
Source: Asia Times, Bates Gill and Chin-Hao Huang
http://www.atimes.com/atimes/China/KB04Ad01.html

Taiwan

Chen Hsing-Yu Lashes Out At Reporters In New York
Former first daughter Chen Hsing-yu yesterday threw a fit on the streets of Manhattan, screaming
at a group of Taiwanese reporters dogging her every move in New York. Chen, a dentist, left for
New York on Saturday night to take a US dental aptitude test. As soon as her plane touched
down at Newark Airport in New Jersey, she was met by a throng of Taiwanese reporters who
continued to follow her around the city. Screaming at the reporters for some 15 minutes and
attracting the attention of many passersby, Chen slammed them for following her everywhere like
―flies hovering over my head.‖ ―Why do you keep following me? I am not a wanted fugitive but
you [the press] have been hounding me for six months in Taiwan and in the US,‖ Chen said in
news clips aired by several cable news channels in Taiwan yesterday. ―Do you want me to die?
What exactly do you want? All you want is to disturb my life,‖ Chen said. Chen Hsing-yu is the
only member of former president Chen Shui-bian's family who has not been implicated in charges
of money-laundering. Chen Shui-bian is in detention, while his wheelchair-bound wife and son
have been indicted and restricted from travel. Many pan-blue talking heads speculate that the
dental aptitude test was just a convenient guise for her to be in the States to take care of
business relating to Chen Shui-bian's alleged money-laundering, including meeting with the Chen
family's former doctor, Huang Fang-yen. (Cont)
Source: Taipei Times, Jenny W. Hsu, with Rich Chang and Flora Wang
http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/taiwan/archives/2009/02/04/2003435256

Closer Ties With China Have Fortified Taiwan's Sovereignty: Ma
Taipei -- President Ma Ying-jeou said Tuesday that the normalization of bilateral relations
between Taiwan and China has contributed to the consolidation of Taiwan's sovereignty and
enabled the country to make significant gains in foreign relations and national defense. Speaking
at the 2009 Taiwan Businessmen in China Lunar New Year Reception held in Tainan, Ma
asserted that closer ties with China have allowed Taiwan to play a more active role in the
international arena and played a vital role in Taiwan's economic structure. "Taiwanese
entrepreneurs know better than the government if they should go invest in China, " said Ma, but it
was the government's responsibility to provide an efficient platform to facilitate logistics
operations and protect Taiwanese investment in China. Surrounded by the biggest economies in
the world, Taiwan is in an economically vital strategic position in Southeast Asia that better ties
with China could help Taiwan exploit. "Across the Pacific lies the United States, which is the
biggest economy in the world today, and not far from us to the north is Japan, the second biggest
economy in the world. The third largest global economic entity is located just across the Taiwan
Strait, " Ma said. The president suggested, however, that Taiwan has not been able to make
good use of its advantageous position in the area due to political conflicts and constraints. (Cont)
Source: CNA, Luis Yu
http://www.cna.com.tw/CNAeng/RealTimeNews/NewsDetail.aspx?strNewsDate=&strNewsID=20
0902030031&strType=PD

Defendants Plead Guilty In Alleged Laundering Case
Two defendants in former president Chen Shui-bian's alleged money laundering case yesterday
pleaded guilty in court to helping former first lady Wu Shu-jen launder money, as the Taipei
District Court continued its trial of corruption and money laundering cases involving the former
first family. Tsai Ming-chieh and his brother, Tsai Ming-che, are among the names on a long list
of intermediaries allegedly used by Wu to wire and secretly stash huge sums of money overseas.
They are brothers of Tsai Mei-li, a former classmate of the former first lady, who also allegedly
played a role in the money-laundering schemes. The pair told presiding Judge Tsai Shou-hsun
yesterday that they admitted to the charges and would like to confess in exchange for lighter
sentences. Prosecutors told the court they would consult senior prosecutors to decide whether to
start a negotiation process with them. The plea by Tsai Ming-che and Tsai Ming-chieh followed a
similar one by Wu Shu-jen's son, Chen Chih-chung, daughter-in-law Huang Jui-ching and elder
brother Wu Ching-mao during the previous court session on Jan. 21. Prosecutors probing the
cases say that Tsai Ming-che helped the former first family solicit bribes and lined his own
pockets with a portion of the money in a land deal between the government-run Hsinchu Science
Park and Dayu Development Corp — a subsidiary under the Koo Group. (Cont)
Source: Taipei Times, Rich Chang, with CNA
http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/front/archives/2009/02/04/2003435228

Envoy Named
President Ma Ying-jeou has named Judicial Yuan President Lai In-jaw as his special envoy to
attend the 30th Independence Day celebration of St. Lucia, one of Taiwan's diplomatic allies in
the Caribbean, a Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) official said yesterday. Speaking at a press
briefing, Diego Chou, deputy director-general of MOFA's Department of Central and South
American Affairs, said the delegation that will attend the Feb. 22 celebration will include Deputy
Foreign Minister Javier C.S. Hou, slated to depart on Feb. 19. According to the ministry, Lai will
be the highest official from Taiwan to visit the Caribbean island nation since the two countries
restored diplomatic links in April 2007.
Source: Taiwan News / Agencies
http://www.taiwannews.com.tw/etn/news_content.php?id=855418&cate_rss=news_Politics_TAIW
AN&cate_img=83.jpg
Former First Lady's Friends Plead Guilty To Money Laundering
TAIPEI, Taiwan -- Two friends of former first lady Wu Shu-jen pleaded guilty to helping Wu
launder ill-gotten gains, as the Taipei District Court on Tuesday continued its trial of corruption
and money laundering cases involving the former first family. Tsai Ming-che and Tsai Ming-chieh
are among the names on a long list of intermediaries allegedly used by Wu to wire and secretly
stash huge sums of money overseas. They are both the brothers of Tsai Mei-li, a former
classmate of the former first lady, who also allegedly played a role in the money-laundering
schemes. The plea by Tsai Ming-che and Tsai Ming-chieh followed a similar one by Wu Shu-
jen's son Chen Chih-chung, daughter-in-law Huang Jui-ching and elder brother Wu Ching-mao
during the last court session held Jan. 21. Prosecutors probing the cases found that Tsai Ming-
che allegedly helped the former first family solicit bribes and lined his own pockets with a portion
of the money in a land deal between the government-run Hsinchu Science Park and Dayu
Development Corp. -- a subsidiary under the Koo Group. While the former first family allegedly
received NT$300 million (US$8.96 million) in kickbacks from a total payoff of NT$400 million by
Taiwan Cement Group Chairman Leslie C. Koo, Tsai Ming-che obtained NT$70 million. The rest
of the bribe allegedly went to James Lee, then-chief of the Hsinchu Science Park Administration.
As Tsai Ming-che confessed his role in the case and offered, while being questioned by
prosecutors, to turn all the illicit funds, the prosecutors in their Dec. 12 indictment recommended
that he be given a light sentence or set free. (Cont)
Source: CNA, Y.F. Low
http://www.chinapost.com.tw/taiwan/national/national-
news/2009/02/03/194505/Former%2Dfirst.htm

Ma Touts Cross-Strait Accomplishments
'GOOD NEWS': The president dismissed concerns that warming cross-strait ties were making
Washington and Tokyo nervous, saying his approach was universally welcomed. President Ma
Ying-jeou yesterday countered public concern over his cross-strait policy, saying improved cross-
strait relations had strengthened the nation's sovereignty and enhanced its international profile.
Ma said those who are worried that better cross-strait ties would compromise ―the sovereignty of
the Republic of China‖ and ―dignity of Taiwan‖ simply worried too much. ―When we improve
cross-strait relations, we also restore mutual trust with Washington,‖ he said. ―The nation's
sovereignty was not weakened but rather strengthened. I am very confident about that, and I
believe you think the same.‖ Ma made the remarks while addressing a Lunar New Year
gathering of China-based Taiwanese businesspeople in Tainan City. Ma dismissed allegations
that Washington and Tokyo were uneasy about the country's closer ties with Beijing, saying that
his new cross-strait approach has been ―universally welcomed.‖ As the most recent dialogue
between Washington and Beijing did not mention Taiwan, Ma said some might find it unusual, but
in fact, ―no news is good news.‖ ―It means it is normal and it is peaceful. It is the goal that we are
striving for,‖ he said. ―It is common sense that constant squabbling over Taiwan is bad for foreign
investment in Taiwan.‖ (Cont)
Source: Taipei Times, Ko Shu-ling
http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/taiwan/archives/2009/02/04/2003435253

Other

Chinese Anger At UK Shoe-Thrower
China has reacted with indignation over an incident in which a shoe was thrown at its premier,
Wen Jiabao. Foreign ministry spokeswoman Jiang Yu said the man who disrupted a speech by
the premier had exhibited "despicable behavior". China's reaction was far harsher than when two
shoes were thrown at former US President George W Bush. A 27-year-old man has been
charged with committing a public order offence following the incident in the UK. British apology.
The shoe was thrown at Premier Wen while he was giving a speech at Cambridge University on
the global economy. James Reynolds' China blog. It missed its intended target and barely
disrupted the premier's speech, but that has not prevented China from issuing an angry
statement. "The Chinese side has expressed its strong feelings against the occurrence of the
incident," spokeswoman Jiang Yu said in a statement. She said the British government had
already apologized for the protester's "despicable behavior", an act that would not affect bilateral
ties. Chinese internet users were less diplomatic when expressing their anger. "I think the guy
was very stupid. He accused the premier of being a dictator. This to me has no logic," said one,
who appeared to have had a ticket to the event. Is this the quality of students at Cambridge, a
university with 800 years of history? (cont)
Source: BBC; Michael Bristow
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/7866636.stm

Aso May Visit War Shrine
Japanese Prime Minister Taro Aso said Monday that whether he visits the controversial Yasukuni
war shrine or not in the future would ``depend on individual circumstances,'' according to Yonhap
News Agency. Aso made the comment on the possibility of visiting the war shrine during a
meeting for the upper house of parliament in Tokyo. He said his official approach regarding this
issue would differ from a personal opinion or belief, Yonhap said. Aso's remark represents a
more forceful statement on this hot-button issue compared to one he made last October. Then,
Aso offered a more ambiguous commentary, saying that he can't say he will visit the shrine, while
at the same time adding that he also can't promise he would not visit it in the future either.
Political observers say Aso's toughened approach and his apparent willingness to at least
seriously consider visiting the controversial shrine may be a political ploy. Currently, his approval
ratings are below 20 percent, representing a steady decline since taking office last September.
Some news reports speculate that Aso may decide to pay reverence at the shrine as a political
gesture and to consolidate support from conservative and right-wing, nationalist groups ahead of
the parliamentary election this year. Aso had previously visited Yasukuni before becoming prime
minister. Last year, he had remarked that he and his material grandfather, former Prime Minister
Shigeru Yoshida, had paid respects to the war dead at the shrine in 2007. A visit to the shrine
could help Aso in internal politics, but such a move would seriously undermine diplomatic efforts
with Korea and China. (cont)
Source: Korea Times; Michael Ha
http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/nation/2009/02/116_38919.html

China Policy Change?
Regarding China policy, President Obama may really offer change we can believe in. Treasury
Secretary Timothy Geithner's tough words about China's manipulation of its currency may be a
harbinger of change in America's increasingly sclerotic approach to the People's Republic.
President Obama is not part of the generation that shaped our current China policy. He was
graduating high school when Washington and Beijing finalized the terms of diplomatic
normalization in 1979. Much of the deal had been worked out in secret, and set Washington on a
30-year path that would subordinate concerns about Taiwan, political reform in China, unfair
trading practices and even China's military ambitions to diplomatic engagement at any cost.
While the architects of China policy saw China through a Cold War prism, Mr. Obama is the first
American president who came of age as the Cold War was receding. For many in Obama's
generation, the massacre of Chinese protesters at Tiananmen Square is a more powerful symbol
of Chinese leadership than President Nixon's breakthrough visit to Beijing. It may have been
reasonable for Cold Warriors to overlook Washington's many differences with Beijing when both
countries were trying to contain the Soviet Union, but that rationale has obviously disappeared.
Since the Soviet Union collapsed, the Sino-U.S. relationship has been a partnership in search of
a purpose. Americans of Mr. Obama's generation wonder why Washington looks askance at
China's poor human-rights record, intimidation of democratic Taiwan, irresponsible trade
practices, and alarming military build-up. (Cont)
Source: The Washington Post, Dan Blumenthal
http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2009/feb/03/china-policy-change/
China To Go On European Spending Spree
China will set up ―procurement missions‖ to buy goods and technologies in Europe in an effort to
stem protectionist sentiment in the region against its exports. Wen Jiabao, the Chinese premier
who was talking in London on Monday at the end of a five-day trip to Europe, said the
procurement trips would be established as soon as possible. ―Confidence is the most important
thing, more important than gold or currency,‖ Mr. Wen said at a meeting with Gordon Brown, the
British prime minister, and business leaders. China would seek to purchase commodities and
technologies needed by its companies in an attempt to ―help us restore and shore up confidence
in the market‖. He said Chinese companies had signed contracts totaling $15bn (€11.7bn,
£10.6bn) during his trip to Europe. The announcement underlines Beijing‘s anxiety that the global
financial crisis will prompt a new wave of protectionism which would be damaging to a country
such as China which is the second largest exporter in the world. Europe is China‘s largest trading
partner. China hopes initiatives of this kind will help shift attention away from questions about the
level of its currency, which some governments believe to be undervalued. China has often tried
to use high-profile purchases of overseas goods as a diplomatic tactic to overcome political
opposition, especially in its dealings with the US. (Cont)
Source: The Financial Times, Geoff Dyer and James Blitz in London
http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/e9f43b92-f14b-11dd-8790-0000779fd2ac.html

Chinese Media Silent After Shoe Thrown At Prime Minister
BEIJING: China denounced a protester at Cambridge University who threw a shoe at Prime
Minister Wen Jiabao but nevertheless hailed his visit to Britain as a success and avoided showing
the incident to home audiences. The protester threw the shoe and called Wen a dictator while
the Chinese leader spoke at the British university on Monday, near the end of a weeklong visit to
Europe. The shoe missed Wen and landed about a meter away from him. The protest echoed
the hurling of shoes by an Iraqi journalist at then- President George W. Bush during his farewell
visit to Iraq in December, an incident Chinese media did report. A 27-year-old man has been
charged with a public order offense and will appear before Cambridge magistrates on Feb. 10,
the police in Britain said. A Chinese Foreign Ministry spokeswoman, Jiang Yu, called what she
described as an "extreme disruption" at Wen's speech "despicable." Her comment was read out
on central Chinese television news, but neither she nor the news reports described or showed the
shoe protest. "The Chinese side has expressed its strong displeasure over this incident," Jiang
said Tuesday in a statement on the Foreign Ministry's Web site. "The facts demonstrate that the
despicable conduct of this troublemaker will win no sympathy and will not hold back the tide of
friendly cooperation between China and Britain." Beijing has promoted Wen's visit to Europe as a
friendly confidence-building tour after tensions over Tibet. China's ruling Communist Party keeps
a tight grip over the mass media, and reports usually avoid showing leaders in awkward or
unfavorable situations. (Cont)
Source: Reuters
http://www.iht.com/articles/2009/02/03/asia/shoe.1-421694.php

Quake Activist Faces Secrets Trial
A dissident who was arrested after campaigning for the parents of children killed in the Sichuan
earthquake will stand trial on state secret charges, his wife and lawyer said. The abrupt
announcement that Huang Qi, 45, would be tried came nearly eight months after he was detained
as authorities silenced growing criticism about fragile school buildings that collapsed on children
in the May 12 quake. Huang's wife Zeng Li said she received a call from the court yesterday to
say Huang would be put on trial today for illegal possession of state secrets. But Huang's lawyer,
Mo Shaoping, said later that officials at the district court in Chengdu had agreed to push back the
trial date after attorneys protested they had not been given time to prepare. "According to law,
the court must warn the defense side three days before," he said, adding that he did not know
when the trial would begin. Huang was detained in Chengdu on June 10 - about a month after
the earthquake left more than 87,000 people dead or missing. Huang, a long-time rights activist
who used the internet to publicize his causes, had started to campaign for parents whose children
were killed when their schools collapsed in the quake. About 7,000 schools were destroyed -
often as nearby buildings stood firm - and relatives of the dead children initially spoke out loudly
against the graft they believed led to shoddy construction. (Cont)
Source: Agence France-Presse
http://www.thestandard.com.hk/news_detail.asp?we_cat=3&art_id=77722&sid=22517242&con_ty
pe=1&d_str=20090203&fc=2

U.S.-China Set For New Tensions As Obama, Economic Woes Test Ties: Analysts
BEIJING -- The United States and China are set for new tensions under Barack Obama amid
extra pressure caused by the economic crisis, but will likely work together to iron out their
differences, analysts say. Obama's administration could take a harder line on trade disputes and
human rights than George W. Bush's team, they argued. ―The Chinese know they are heading
for a relationship that will sometimes be more difficult and troubled, on issues such as human
rights and above all trade,‖ said Jean-Pierre Cabestan, a China expert at Hong Kong's Baptist
University. ―As always during a period of crisis, protectionist tendencies will emerge... (The
Democrats) will be even more concerned than their predecessors about protecting American
jobs. Frictions are to be expected.‖ Obama waited until last Friday, his 11th day in office, before
telephoning his Chinese counterpart Hu Jintao, and during it he appeared to refer to the massive
U.S. trade deficit with China. Obama ―stressed the need to correct global trade imbalances as
well as to stimulate global growth and get credit markets flowing,‖ White House spokesman
Robert Gibbs said afterwards. And even before becoming U.S. Treasury chief, Timothy Geithner
accused China of currency manipulation, using stronger language than the Bush administration to
complain about the tightly managed Chinese currency, the yuan. (Cont)
Source: AFP, Pascale Trouillaud
http://www.chinapost.com.tw/commentary/afp/2009/02/03/194367/U.S.-China-set.htm

Wen Takes Shoe Incident In Stride
Beijing has expressed strong dissatisfaction to London over a protester throwing a shoe at
Premier Wen Jiabao but emphasized bilateral ties will not be harmed. The protester, 27, hurled
the shoe as Wen was giving a speech at Cambridge University on the last day of his British visit.
In a clear echo of the Baghdad incident involving former US president George W Bush in
December, the Caucasian had shouted ''This is a scandal.'' ''This dictator here, how can you
listen to the lies he's telling? You are not challenging him,'' he said before blowing a whistle and
hurling a sports trainer. The shoe landed about a yard from Wen, who did not appear frightened.
A security man kicked it off stage. The protester has been charged.
Source: Agence France-Presse
http://www.thestandard.com.hk/breaking_news_detail.asp?id=12294&icid=2&d_str=20090203

U.S.-China Currency Dispute Could Hurt Korea
The United States and China remain at loggerheads over the value of the yuan. The Obama
administration has cited America's trade deficit with China as a culprit behind the global financial
crisis and accused Beijing of manipulating the exchange rate. China is fighting back, reminding
Washington that it is America's top creditor nation. The U.S. could resort to measures similar to
the Plaza Agreement of 1985, where it forced Japan to strengthen the yen from 230 per dollar to
120. If China decides to retaliate by selling U.S. Treasury Bonds, the global economy could suffer
further devastating blow. Visiting Germany on Thursday, Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao denied
allegations of intervening in the foreign exchange market, saying the value of the yuan has been
set flexibly according to the needs of the market. It was the U.S. that made the first conciliatory
gesture. President Obama apparently called his Chinese counterpart Hu Jintao on Friday to
discuss ways of resolving the trade imbalance and voice Washington's opposition to any type of
protectionist measures. But the difference of opinions remains strong, with the media in both
countries focusing on different aspects of that phone call. (cont)
Source: Chosun Ilbo
http://english.chosun.com/w21data/html/news/200902/200902030001.html
JAPAN

Aso May Visit War Shrine
Japanese Prime Minister Taro Aso said Monday that whether he visits the controversial Yasukuni
war shrine or not in the future would ``depend on individual circumstances,'' according to Yonhap
News Agency. Aso made the comment on the possibility of visiting the war shrine during a
meeting for the upper house of parliament in Tokyo. He said his official approach regarding this
issue would differ from a personal opinion or belief, Yonhap said. Aso's remark represents a
more forceful statement on this hot-button issue compared to one he made last October. Then,
Aso offered a more ambiguous commentary, saying that he can't say he will visit the shrine, while
at the same time adding that he also can't promise he would not visit it in the future either.
Political observers say Aso's toughened approach and his apparent willingness to at least
seriously consider visiting the controversial shrine may be a political ploy. Currently, his approval
ratings are below 20 percent, representing a steady decline since taking office last September.
Some news reports speculate that Aso may decide to pay reverence at the shrine as a political
gesture and to consolidate support from conservative and right-wing, nationalist groups ahead of
the parliamentary election this year. Aso had previously visited Yasukuni before becoming prime
minister. Last year, he had remarked that he and his material grandfather, former Prime Minister
Shigeru Yoshida, had paid respects to the war dead at the shrine in 2007. A visit to the shrine
could help Aso in internal politics, but such a move would seriously undermine diplomatic efforts
with Korea and China. (cont)
Source: Korea Times; Michael Ha
http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/nation/2009/02/116_38919.html

Gov’t In Fix Over Futenma Air Base
While it has been agreed that U.S. military forces stationed in Japan will be largely realigned by
2014, the government is now in the difficult position of trying to satisfy both the U.S. government
and Okinawa prefectural government over the biggest issue surrounding the realignment--the
relocation of U.S. Marine Corps' Futenma Air Station in Ginowan in the prefecture. On Sunday,
Foreign Minister Hirofumi Nakasone visited Naha and held talks with Okinawa Gov. Hirokazu
Nakaima over the issue. During the meeting, which was open to the media, Nakaima again
demanded that the central government modify the Japan-U.S. agreement on the relocation of the
air station to the coastal area of Camp Schwab in Nago in the prefecture. At the start of the
meeting--held in the governor's reception room and attended by about 50 reporters--Nakaima
said: "Seventy-five percent of the U.S. military facilities in Japan are concentrated in Okinawa
Prefecture. I've asked [the government] to reduce the excessive burden on Okinawa." Regarding
the relocation of the air station, he said: "The government should pay considerable attention to
local residents [in the area earmarked for the relocation]. For example, I believe [the new
facilities] should be constructed as far off the coast as possible." Nakasone asked for the
governor's understanding over the realignment and relocation, saying: "The U.S. forces'
realignment is very important. Implementing the realignment [as agreed between Japan and the
United States] will ease the burden on the prefecture's residents." (cont)
Source: Yomiuri Shimbun ; Risa Kato, Takeo Azuma and Satoshi Ogawa
http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/dy/national/20090203TDY03104.htm

IWC Plan Suggests Coastal Whaling For Japan
A working group of the International Whaling Commission has suggested that Japan be allowed
to conduct limited whaling in its coastal areas. In exchange, it would be expected to reduce its so-
called research whaling in Antarctic waters. The chairman of the working group on the Future of
the IWC, Alvaro de Soto, proposed the idea in a report on Monday. The report is aimed at
reaching a compromise between whaling countries and those that oppose the hunting of the sea
mammals. The report suggests a maximum of 5 whaling boats based in 4 ports, including
Abashiri in Hokkaido, be allowed to hunt whales in Japan's coastal waters. On the research
whaling Japan is currently conducting in Antarctic waters, the report suggests that the hunt for fin
and humpback whales be banned while the hunt for Minke whales would gradually be reduced to
zero in 5 years. The report says if the current conflict between whaling and anti-whaling countries
continues, the IWC will not be able to continue its role of protecting whales. The report suggests
the reasons for the IWC's very existence may be questioned. The commission will discuss the
proposal at a meeting in Rome in March.
Source: NHK
http://www.nhk.or.jp/daily/english/03_16.html

Japan's Ruling Parties To Send Team Around Somalia
Japan's ruling coalition plans to send a study team to the countries around Somalia on Sunday to
prepare for an anti-piracy mission in the area. The coalition is preparing to send Maritime Self-
Defense Force vessels to patrol the area, while working on submitting a new anti-piracy bill to the
Diet early next month. The Liberal Democratic Party and the New Komeito party will send a team
to Djibouti and Bahrain to find out how the Japanese mission would be received. Bahrain is the
base for the US military's anti-piracy operations. In Djibouti, the team will study how MSDF ships
can receive fuel and food, and in Bahrain, it will exchange information with US military personnel.
The team will also visit the European Union's anti-piracy office in London to study measures and
discuss how they can share information.
Source: NHK
http://www.nhk.or.jp/daily/english/03_03.html

LDP To Send On-Site Investigation Team Prior To MSDF Dispatch
An anti-piracy project team of the Liberal Democratic Party will visit Djibouti and Bahrain from Feb
8 to 13 for an on-the-spot study prior to the planned deployment of the Maritime Self-Defense
Force to waters off the coast of Somalia, the lawmakers said Monday. The team will be headed
by Gen Nakatani, former defense agency chief, while Shigeki Sato of the New Komeito party, the
LDP‘s coalition partner, is considering joining the delegation, according to the lawmakers. After
visiting the headquarters of the International Maritime Organization in London, the team will
inspect ports and airports in Djibouti, where anti-piracy vessels from other countries are based,
and receive lectures on the anti-piracy mission by U.S. Navy officials in Bahrain.
Source: Kyodo
http://www.japantoday.com/category/politics/view/personnel-authority-refuses-to-send-
representative-to-govt-meeting

MSDF To Send 2 Destroyers On Anti-Piracy Mission
Japan's Maritime Self-Defense Force is preparing to send 2 destroyers on an anti-piracy mission
off the coast of Somalia. The MSDF chief of staff, Admiral Keiji Akahoshi, told reporters on
Tuesday that the ships are the 4,650-ton Sazanami and 4,550-ton Samidare - both based at Kure
port in Hiroshima Prefecture, western Japan. The 2 destroyers carry one helicopter each.
Defense Minister Yasukazu Hamada ordered the MSDF last week to prepare for deployment off
Somalia to protect Japan-linked ships from pirates. The MSDF also plans to send its elite
commando force, the Special Boarding Unit, aboard the destroyers and P-3C patrol aircraft on
the anti-piracy mission.
Source: NHK
http://www.nhk.or.jp/daily/english/03_36.html

Nakasone Pledges Bigger Assistance To Afghanistan
Foreign Minister Hirofumi Nakasone has pledged that Japan will offer greater cooperation to help
Afghanistan rebuild itself. In a telephone conversation with Afghan Foreign Minister Ranjin Dadfar
Spanta on Tuesday, Nakasone said Japan is well aware that 2009 will be a crucial year for
Afghanistan's stability and restoration. He said Japan will provide additional aid of about 300
million dollars, now that its 2008 supplementary budget has passed parliament. Spanta said he is
grateful for Japanese assistance. He said this year holds great significance for his country as a
presidential election is scheduled to be held. The Japanese government earlier announced a total
of 2 billion dollars in assistance to Afghanistan to prevent the country from being a hotbed for
terrorism.
Source: NHK
http://www.nhk.or.jp/daily/english/03_39.html

Japan Plans To Host Donors' Confab On Pakistan
Japan is studying to host a donors' conference to assist Pakistan to show the international
community its willingness to fight against terrorism. Japanese government officials say Japan
sees stability in Pakistan as important as well as in Afghanistan, where the US government
regards as the frontline in combating terrorism. At a meeting of the Overseas Economic
Cooperation Council last month, Prime Minister Taro Aso and Foreign Minister Hirofumi
Nakasone assured that Japan will make the utmost effort to assist both countries. Officials say a
donors' conference in Japan, possibly as early as in March, might be at the cabinet ministerial
level. At a news conference on Monday, Vice Foreign Minister Mitoji Yabunaka said Japan is in
an important position to assist Pakistan. He said it is necessary for Japan to take a leading role in
the international community in assisting Pakistan.
Source: NHK
http://www.nhk.or.jp/daily/english/03_02.html

Protesters, Whalers Fight Over Use Of Illegal Weapons
The hard line anti-whaling group Sea Shepherd Conservation Society on Monday accused
Japanese whalers of using illegal weapons systems to repel its vessel as it pursues the fleet in
the Antarctic Ocean. An official at the fishery agency in Tokyo immediately denied the allegation,
saying the whaling ships are not equipped with any of the weapons alleged by the group. The
agency also said that crew on two rubber dinghies from the Steve Irwin, Sea Shepherd's flag
vessel, threw bottles of dye at the whaling fleet in an apparent attempt to disrupt their activities.
The agency said nobody was injured in the incident and no damage was caused to the ships of
the whaling fleet. The U.S.-based anti-whaling organization said the whalers used a number of
measures in their assault, with some Steve Irwin crew members sustaining injuries during the
attacks. "The whalers are deploying water cannons, concussion grenades, acoustic weapons and
throwing solid brass and lead balls at Sea Shepherd crew members," the group's founder, Paul
Watson, said. High-frequency sound waves emitted from a long-range acoustic device can cause
disorientation and nausea. Watson said some of his crew had felt vibrations but were too far
away to be otherwise affected. He added that one of his crew members was injured when blasted
with high pressure water cannons, while a second activist was struck in the face by a metal ball.
(cont)
Source: Compiled from Kyodo, AP
http://search.japantimes.co.jp/cgi-bin/nn20090203a3.html

Russia Refused To Cut Red Tape For Japanese Humanitarian Mission To Northern
Territories
The Russian government never gave a formal response to a request from local authorities to
exempt a Japanese delegation bringing humanitarian aid to people living in the Northern
Territories off Hokkaido from providing disembarkation cards. Igor Koval, head of the Yuzhno-
Kurilsk district on Kunashiri Island, told the Mainichi during a telephone interview on Monday that
he asked Russian President Dmitry Medvedev and Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov to waive the
disembarkation cards for the delegation. However, he never received a formal response. The
problem arose on Jan. 27, when a Japanese delegation refused to submit the papers as it
attempted to deliver humanitarian supplies to Kunashiri Island -- since submitting such
documents would mean recognizing Russia's sovereignty over the Northern Territories. The
delegation subsequently returned home without delivering the supplies. According to Koval, he
filed a request with Moscow for documents that were necessary to receive the supplies on Sept.
10 last year, after receiving notice from Japan. However, written authorization only arrived in early
January -- much slower than usual. Since Koval and other local officials were aware that
immigration procedures would be tightened on Kunashiri Island from this year, they presumed
that troubles were likely to emerge over a visit by the Japanese delegation. They explained to
Moscow the reason why the sending of the supplies was delayed and sent letters to the Russian
president and foreign minister on behalf of local residents, asking them to exempt the Japanese
delegation from submitting disembarkation cards. (cont)
Source: Mainichi Shimbun
http://mdn.mainichi.jp/mdnnews/news/20090203p2a00m0na019000c.html

MONGOLIA

Foreign Visits To India Cancelled Due to PM's Ill-Health
At least four incoming visits to India – two by presidents and two by prime ministers – have been
cancelled on account of Prime Minister Manmohan Singh‘s ill-health and surgery. A South Block
official said on Tuesday that visits by Nambaryn Enkhbayar and Cristina Kirchner, presidents of
Mongolia and Argentina, and by Fredrik Reinfeldt and Kevin Rudd, prime ministers of Sweden
and Australia, had been put off. Also, Defense Minister AK Antony, who was to visit Japan on a
previously-scheduled trip, decided not to go in view of his commitments at home. All key foreign
visitors, aware of how the Indian system works, would obviously like to meet the Prime Minister.
Given that Dr. Singh was in hospital, and now recuperating at home, it was decided to cancel
these four visits. Now that India will be in general election mode, only the month of February and,
possibly, the early part of March will be available to foreign dignitaries wanting to visit New Delhi.
One visit that is going ahead is that of Vice-President Hamid Ansari to Myanmar (February 5-8).
Source: HT
http://www.hindustantimes.com/StoryPage/StoryPage.aspx?sectionName=IndiaSectionPage&id=
adb78e52-f0d4-4f99-b228-
efa551353ad5&&Headline=Foriegn+visits+to+India+cancelled+due+to+PM%27s+ill-health

ROK/DPRK

China Urges Improved Relations On Korean Peninsula Through Peaceful Dialogue
China urged the north and south on the Korean Peninsula Tuesday to improve bilateral ties
through dialogue and promote reconciliation and cooperation. "Maintaining the stability of the
peninsula is in the interests of the north and south of the peninsula," Jiang Yu, Foreign Ministry
spokeswoman, told reporters at a regular press conference. "As a neighbor of the Korean
Peninsula, China always hopes that both sides of the peninsula can improve relations through
dialogue and push forward conciliation and cooperation," Jiang said. The Democratic People's
Republic of Korea (DPRK) scrapped all political and military agreements with the Republic of
Korea at the end of last month, according to the DPRK's official KCNA news agency. China
hoped the north and south of the Korean Peninsula could improve relations through dialogue and
coordination so as to maintain peace and stability in northeast Asia, said the spokeswoman. As
to the six-party talks, Jiang said that the talks have already made progress with the joint efforts of
various parties. "We are expecting the relevant parties to continuously work to realize the
denuclearization of the peninsula and to play a constructive role in maintaining peace and stability
in northeast Asia," she said. "We hope that the relevant parties can coordinate and work together
to bring the talks to a new stage," Jiang said.
Source: Xinhua, Yang Yang
http://english.cri.cn/6909/2009/02/03/1361s449748.htm

Aso May Visit War Shrine
Japanese Prime Minister Taro Aso said Monday that whether he visits the controversial Yasukuni
war shrine or not in the future would ``depend on individual circumstances,'' according to Yonhap
News Agency. Aso made the comment on the possibility of visiting the war shrine during a
meeting for the upper house of parliament in Tokyo. He said his official approach regarding this
issue would differ from a personal opinion or belief, Yonhap said. Aso's remark represents a
more forceful statement on this hot-button issue compared to one he made last October. Then,
Aso offered a more ambiguous commentary, saying that he can't say he will visit the shrine, while
at the same time adding that he also can't promise he would not visit it in the future either.
Political observers say Aso's toughened approach and his apparent willingness to at least
seriously consider visiting the controversial shrine may be a political ploy. Currently, his approval
ratings are below 20 percent, representing a steady decline since taking office last September.
Some news reports speculate that Aso may decide to pay reverence at the shrine as a political
gesture and to consolidate support from conservative and right-wing, nationalist groups ahead of
the parliamentary election this year. Aso had previously visited Yasukuni before becoming prime
minister. Last year, he had remarked that he and his material grandfather, former Prime Minister
Shigeru Yoshida, had paid respects to the war dead at the shrine in 2007. A visit to the shrine
could help Aso in internal politics, but such a move would seriously undermine diplomatic efforts
with Korea and China. (cont)
Source: Korea Times; Michael Ha
http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/nation/2009/02/116_38919.html

Defense Supports Lotte Tower Plan
The Defense Ministry, once staunchly opposed Lotte's plans for a skyscraper near Seongnam Air
Base, yesterday renewed its support for the edifice at a parliamentary hearing. Ministry officials
said it would be "safe enough" to build such a towering building near the nation's most critical air
base as long as necessary precautions were taken. "We plan to make sure that flight safety is
ensured by reinforcing all necessary measures. Since Lotte first sought construction in 1994, we
have been consistently against it because of possible safety drawbacks. But this situation has
changed now that Lotte has agreed to finance the precautionary systems and devices," said Kim
Gwang-woo, head of the ministry's military facility planning department. The Air Force also
believes that planes could avoid colliding with the skyscraper if one of the air bases' two airstrips
were shifted by about 3 degrees. It stressed that planes would have no problem landing and
taking off from the airport as long as they fly with special anti-collision devices. The hearing
comes after Lotte Corp.'s proposal in December last year to finance the necessary expenses for
ensuring flight safety. Until then, Lotte had refused to offer any financial support. This and earlier
calls from President Lee Myung-bak caused defense authorities to reconsider despite earlier
opposition to the 555-meter skyscraper. The sudden shift in the ministry and Air Force stance
stoked fierce criticism, with critics saying the government has compromised security for profit.
Some experts believe the air base could come under risk if the skyscraper is built, with or without
new precautionary devices. (cont)
Source: Korea Herald; Kim Ji-hyun
http://www.koreaherald.co.kr/NEWKHSITE/data/html_dir/2009/02/04/200902040047.asp

Experts Divided Over Airstrip Adjustment For Skyscraper
Military and aviation experts remained heavily divided Tuesday on the government's recent
decision to readjust a military airstrip to allow a business group to build a skyscraper within the
airfield's operational vicinity. South Korea decided last month to consider slightly readjusting the
double-runway airfield in Seongnam, south of Seoul, to allow the Lotte Group to build a 555-
meter-tall tower. Lotte has sought since 1994 to build the tower that would be annexed to its
popular Lotte World theme park. The decision to turn one of Seoul Airport's runways by three
degrees to prevent collisions came as President Lee Myung-bak has called for a "business-
friendly" government since taking office early last year. At a public hearing held in the National
Assembly, proponents of the decision argued the plan -- which would require some facility
upgrades -- does not raise safety issues while opponents expressed concerns over risks of
collision into the tower. "Military aircraft carry bombs and external fuel tanks," Kim Sung-jeon, a
retired Air Force lieutenant colonel, said, pointing to the potential hazards that could occur in the
case of an accident. Kim also stressed that the operations of a forward-based facility such as
Seoul Airport should not be restricted by the interest of a single business company. Lee Jin-hak,
former head of planning division of the Joint Chiefs of Staff's office, argued the mere sight of a
staggering tower could distract pilots' operations. (cont)
Source: Yonhap
http://english.yonhapnews.co.kr/national/2009/02/03/11/0301000000AEN20090203004700315F.
HTML
Lee, Obama Warn Against Protectionism
The leaders of South Korea and the United States yesterday pledged to work together to end the
North Korean nuclear programs through the six-way talks and prevent the reemergence of trade
protectionism. U.S. President Barack Obama telephoned President Lee Myung-Bak for a 15-
minute conversation early in the morning to discuss North Korea, the global economy and
bilateral alliance, their spokespersons said. Obama told Lee that Secretary of State Hillary
Clinton would visit Seoul in February. "President Obama stressed the importance of coordination
through the six-party talks to resolve the North Korean nuclear dispute," Lee's spokesman Lee
Dong-kwan said. The Obama government is widely expected to push bilateral negotiations with
the communist country in parallel with the six-nation mechanism. "President Lee appreciates the
new U.S. administration's demonstration of a strong resolve with regard to the North Korean
nuclear issue," the spokesman added. Obama's spokesman described the talk as "warm and
substantive." "The president conveyed his deep commitment to the United States-Republic of
Korea alliance. Both presidents expressed their intention to expand cooperation on global
issues," White House spokesman Robert Gibbs said in a statement. The two leaders also
"agreed to work together, including at the G-20 summit in London, to stabilize the global
economy, to spur growth, and to get credit markets flowing," he added. Obama warned against
the temptation toward protectionist trade policies, and Lee responded in agreement. (cont)
Source: Korea Times; Hwang Jang-jin
http://www.koreaherald.co.kr/NEWKHSITE/data/html_dir/2009/02/04/200902040042.asp

Ministry Expresses Regret Over Leaflets
The Ministry of Unification said Tuesday it is ``deeply regretful" that certain civic activists
smuggled North Korean currency into the South as part of their new anti-Pyongyang leaflet
campaign. Ministry spokesman Kim Ho-nyun said in a press briefing that it is unlawful to bring
North Korean banknotes without the explicit permission of the Seoul government. ``Activist
groups involved in the leaflet campaign say they brought North Korean money into the South
without the government's approval. Our government deeply regrets their decision," according to
the spokesman. ``The ministry did not endorse the entry of the money by the activists." The
ministry spokesman also urged the activists, who belong to the Fighters for Free North Korea, a
group of North Korean defectors in Seoul, and the Family Assembly Abducted to North Korea, to
restrain from sending more leaflets to the North, saying that the campaign unnecessarily
provokes Pyongyang and could further deteriorate inter-Korean relations. The government has
also stated that it may ask police to investigate the matter and determine whether charges should
be brought against some of the activists in accordance with laws governing inter-Korean
relations. Those who illegally brought in the North Korean banknotes to the South may face jail
terms of up to three years or fines of up of 10 million won. Groups of anti-Pyongyang activists in
South Korea, including defectors and family members of South Korean abductees, said Monday
that they will launch hundreds of thousands anti-North Korean leaflets tied to balloons to the
North. The group said the launching would coincide with Kim Jong-il's birthday, Feb. 16.(cont)
Source: Korea Times; Michael Ha
http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/nation/2009/02/113_38918.html

N. Korea 'Preparing Missile Test'
North Korea appears to be preparing to test-fire its longest range missile, apparently capable of
hitting the US, a South Korean official and reports say. Satellite spy images reportedly showed a
train loaded with a large cylindrical object, moving towards a missile launch site close to the
Chinese border. So far, there has been no on-the-record confirmation from any government. It
follows a recent declaration by the North that it was scrapping pacts with the South made to
prevent hostilities. Reports of the apparent missile preparations were carried in both the South
Korea and Japanese press, quoting government sources. Experts quoted in the reports said any
such test would not take place for at least another month. There was similar media speculation
ahead of North Korea's last long-range missile test in July 2006. The Taepodong-2 missile,
thought to have a potential range of more than 6,000km (3,730 miles), failed soon after launching.
Pyongyang tested a nuclear bomb in the same year. Negotiating power. Relations between the
Koreas have deteriorated since the South's President Lee Myung-bak, who came to power nearly
a year ago, took a harder line approach to the North. A statement carried by Pyongyang's official
news agency said it was scrapping all political and military agreements with the South, including
one covering the de facto maritime border in the Yellow Sea, over which the two countries have
fought bloody skirmishes. Seoul expressed regret at the move, while the US called it "unhelpful".
(cont)
Source: BBC
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/7866705.stm

N. Korea Flexes Muscles To Pressure S. Korea, U.S.
In gearing up to test-fire its signature long-range missile, North Korea is mounting pressure on
South Korea over their fraying ties and intensifying its bid to grab the attention of U.S. President
Barack Obama, analysts said. Officials in Seoul said Tuesday U.S. and South Korean intelligence
agencies have spotted a North Korean train carrying what is believed to be the communist state's
longest-range missile, the Taepodong-2. The model is capable of traveling up to 6,000
kilometers, weapons experts say, meaning it could strike U.S. territory, including Alaska and the
west coast. North Korea test-fired a Taepodong-2 missile in 2006 -- the same year it tested a
nuclear bomb -- but the missile crashed shortly after take-off, according to outside assessments.
South Korean officials said Tuesday they were unsure whether the North would go ahead with the
actual launch, but added it would take only a month or two for the North to complete the
preparation. "We're watching it," Lt. Gen. Joseph Fil Jr., the second-highest U.S. commander
here, said after a meeting with South Korean defense ministry officials in Seoul. "We don't know
what they are going to do." "The missile is primarily aimed at escalating tension on the
peninsula," Kim Keun-sik, a professor at the University of North Korea Studies, said. "The North
is trying to show that a rise in tension will do the South no good." The ties between the Koreas
degraded to one of their lowest levels in decades after South Korean President Lee Myung-bak
took office early last year with a pledge to get tougher on the North. Suggesting a departure from
his liberal predecessor, Roh Moo-hyun, Lee maintained that his rapproachment policy would
depend on North Korea's willingness to discard its nuclear weapons programs. (cont)
Source: Yonhap, Sam Kim
http://english.yonhapnews.co.kr/northkorea/2009/02/03/84/0401000000AEN20090203006800315
F.HTML

N.K. Preparing To Test Taepodong-2
North Korea is preparing to test-fire a long-range ballistic missile from a new launch base near
the western coast, a South Korean government source said yesterday. South Korean and U.S.
intelligence authorities have recently spotted a train carrying what is believed to be a Taepodong-
2 missile from a munitions factory in Pyongyang to the land-based launch site at Dongchang-ri,
said the source who spoke on condition of anonymity. "Intelligence authorities recently noticed
that a train carrying cylinder-shaped material is moving from Pyongyang to Dongchang-ri. Given
the length of the loaded material, it is believed to be a Taepodong-2 missile," the source said.
The source said the North may launch it in a couple of months. Taepodong-2 is a multi-stage
intercontinental ballistic missile capable of traveling up to 6,000 kilometers and carrying a payload
of up to 500 kilograms. It is considered able to deliver nuclear warheads as far as Alaska and the
west coast of the United States, according to weapons experts. North Korea test-fired a
Taepodong-2 missile in 2006, but the missile crashed after 40 seconds of flight. The North has
reportedly been constructing a new rocket-launch facility at Dongchang-ri, Cheolsan, North
Pyongan Province, which is larger than its main missile base at Musudan-ri on the eastern coast.
The site, whose construction appears to be near completion, can be used for bigger missiles and
satellite projectiles, according to South Korean data. (cont)
Source: Korea Herald; Jin Dae-woong
http://www.koreaherald.co.kr/NEWKHSITE/data/html_dir/2009/02/04/200902040044.asp
N. Korea May Be Set For Long-Range Missile Launch
North Korea appears to be preparing to test-launch an intercontinental missile amid growing
tensions on the peninsula, a South Korean intelligence source was quoted as saying Tuesday.
The source, quoted by Yonhap news agency, said US and South Korean intelligence agencies
have recently spotted a train carrying a long cylindrical object believed to be a Taepodong-2
missile. Launch preparations are likely to be completed in a month or two, the source said.
Seoul's defense ministry and National Intelligence Service refused to comment on the report.
Several analysts have said the communist state may stage some event such as a long-range
missile launch to test the resolve of the new US administration. The North has raised tensions
with the South in recent months. Last week it announced it was scrapping a non-aggression pact
and on Sunday it warned of a possible military conflict. A South Korean media report last year
said the North has carried out an engine ignition test for a missile believed capable of reaching
the US west coast. The Chosun Ilbo newspaper said the engine was presumed to be for the
Taepodong-2, with a range of 6,700 kilometers (4,150 miles). It said the test was conducted at a
launch site being developed on the west coast. South Korea said last year the site was 80 per
cent complete. North Korea has a separate site at Musudan-ri on the east coast which was used
to launch a Taepodong-1 missile in 1998 over Japan. A Taepodong-2 missile was launched from
there in July 2006, along with smaller missiles, but US officials said it failed after about 40
seconds. The North conducted a nuclear weapons test in October 2006. It is not known whether
it has the technical capability to fit an atomic warhead to a missile.
Source: AFP
http://www.channelnewsasia.com/stories/afp_asiapacific/view/406503/1/.html

North Korea Vows To Retain Atomic Bombs Until Us 'Threat' Ends
North Korea's military vowed on Monday to keep atomic weapons until the United States removes
its nuclear threat, reiterating a tough stance amid stalled disarmament talks. "As long as there is
no nuclear dismantlement in the South to remove the US nuclear threat, dismantlement to
remove nuclear weapons in the DPRK (North Korea) won't be realized," a spokesman for the
North's General Chiefs of Staff was quoted as saying. South Korea's Yonhap news agency,
which monitors media in the communist state, said the spokesman's statement was carried on
state television. The spokesman said denuclearization of the Korean peninsula does not only
mean disarmament of the North but should also include verification of alleged nuclear facilities in
South Korea, Yonhap reported. The foreign ministry in Pyongyang, staking out a tough position
for the incoming US administration, took a similar stance last month. It said it may not give up its
atomic weaponry even if ties with Washington are established, until the US completely removes
its nuclear threat. A six-nation deal signed in February 2007 offers the North energy aid,
normalized ties with Washington and Tokyo and a permanent peace pact if it dismantles its
atomic plants and hands over all nuclear weapons and material. But the disarmament talks are
stalled by disagreements over how the North's declared nuclear activities should be verified. The
North has said it should have the right to verify that US nuclear weapons have been withdrawn
from South Korea - something which the US said happened in 1991. (cont)
Source: AFP
http://www.channelnewsasia.com/stories/afp_asiapacific/view/406478/1/.html

Obama, Lee Agree To Work Together Over North Korea
US President Barack Obama spoke to South Korean President Lee Myung Bak by phone on
Monday and they agreed to work closely together on the North Korean nuclear issue. White
House spokesman Robert Gibbs said in a statement that Obama conveyed his deep commitment
to the US-South Korean alliance. The 2 leaders confirmed they would work with each other and
through the six-party talks to achieve the verifiable elimination of North Korean nuclear weapons
and programs. They also discussed the current financial crisis and agreed to work together,
including at the coming Group of 20 summit in London, to stabilize the global economy. President
Obama also telephoned Iraqi Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki and Iraqi President Jalal Talabani on
Monday. The White House spokesman said Obama reiterated his commitment to consult with the
Iraqi government as the process of a drawdown of US combat troops in Iraq moves forward.
Obama also offered the 2 Iraqi leaders the best wishes of the American people as Iraq's new
provincial leaders prepare to assume important new responsibilities. Last year, Obama
announced a 16-month timetable for withdrawing US combat troops. Upon taking office on
January 20th, he said the United States would begin to responsibly leave Iraq. On Sunday,
welcoming the peaceful elections in Iraq, he agreed with suggestions that he could assure troops
that a substantial number would be leaving Iraq a year from now.
Source: NHK
http://www.nhk.or.jp/daily/english/03_20.html

Only Three Inter-Korean Agreement Items Implemented
Only three items out of all inter-Korea agreements to alleviate or halt political and military conflicts
have been implemented until now, because of North Korean violations and a lack of follow-up
negotiations. The Ministry of Unification reported that 38 items have been signed by North and
South Korea related to political and military issues, items which are dealt with in the Inter-Korean
Basic Agreement and attached agreements of 1992; agreements signed at the first and second
Defense Ministers Meetings in 2000 and 2007; the June 4 Agreement passed in General-level
Talks in 2004; and the October 4 Inter-Korean Summit Agreement. According to the presentation
by MoU, North Korea has disobeyed 17 items, three were implemented, and the rest could not be
implemented due to an absence of supplementary negotiations. An item acknowledging each
other‘s systems in the Inter-Korean Basic Agreement was partially implemented by the fact that
the South Korean government allowed South Koreans to visit the Three Charter Monument and
the Victory Monument in Pyongyang, which had been forbidden, and North Koreans worshiped at
the National Cemetery in Seoul and the Cemetery for victims of the Kwangju Civil Uprising in
2005. The item to ―set up direct telephones and to operate them‖ according to agreements
appended to the Inter-Korean Basic Agreement was carried out in August, 2005 and the
―suspension of propaganda and removal of facilities along the Military Demarcation Line (MDL)‖
agreement from the June 4 Agreement was implemented between 2004 and 2005. (cont)
Source: DailyNK; Jeong Jae Sung
http://www.dailynk.com/english/read.php?cataId=nk00600&num=4508

Orascom: N. Korea Wants More Foreign Investment
An Egyptian telecommunications company that launched mobile phone services in North Korea
last December says the North aims to shore up its staggering economy by inviting more foreign
investment. The chairman of Orascom Telecom, Naguib Sawiris, made the comment in an
interview with NHK in Cairo on Monday. He said the North Korean government has decided to
open up part of its telecommunications sector as part of a new effort to attract foreign companies
to invest in the country. Sawiris said subscribers to his firm's services in North Korea have
reached 6,000, which he calls a remarkably high figure. He said it means that the North is
allowing the general public, as well as those in the privileged class, to use cell phones. But he
added that cell phone conversations are monitored more closely in North Korea than in other
countries. He declined to give details, but his comments suggest the North has stepped up its
phone tapping system to maintain political control amid the arrival of foreign firms.
Source: NHK
http://www.nhk.or.jp/daily/english/03_14.html

Osan Crisis Team Talks Armed Airman Into Turning Self In
An Air Force police officer who left Osan Air Base with a loaded handgun while off duty talked of
possibly killing himself, but a crisis negotiation team persuaded him to return to base, officials
said. There were no injuries in the weekend incident, which began late Friday night and ended
hours later. Officials Monday disclosed details of the incident, which led authorities to set up a
dragnet in the area. South Korean police manned roadblocks and deployed officers to Osan Air
Base to work with police there to locate the airman. Base police mobilized their crisis negotiation
team and by about 1 a.m. were in phone contact with him. "The focus was on two things," Air
Force Lt. Col. Jefferson B. Brown, staff judge advocate with Osan‘s 51st Fighter Wing, said
Monday: to get the airman to not hurt himself and to turn himself in. "There‘s no indication
throughout the entire evening that he was targeting any individual," said Brown. "It appears as
though his intention was focused on himself — or potentially hurting himself." Also during the
night, the airman called a friend — also a base police officer — who met him and stayed with him
until he turned himself in hours later, officials said. Officials declined to name the airman, noting
he has not been charged with a crime and that the case is under investigation. But they said he‘s
an airman first class assigned to the wing‘s police unit, the 51st Security Forces Squadron. The
airman‘s wife also lives in the area but not with U.S. military sponsorship, Brown said. Authorities
have not jailed the airman, but he must be accompanied by a police escort "at all times, whether
to appointments or to wherever he may need to go," said wing spokesman 1st Lt. Malinda C.
Singleton. (cont)
Source: Stars and Stripes
http://www.stripes.com/article.asp?section=104&article=60439

Reform And Opening Is Not The Solution For North Korean Economy
To recover a North Korean economy wherein normal economic activities are currently impossible,
it is not reform and opening, but regime change that is indispensable. Senior researcher Yang
Woon Cheol from the Sejong Institute mused in the February issue of ―The State of Affairs and
Policy,‖ which is released by the Institute every month, ―To achieve progress in North Korea‘s
economy, opening is a necessary condition, but not a sufficient one.‖ He also forecasted, ―As
long as political reforms are not implemented, there is virtually no possibility that reform will be
achieved through market expansion led by the regime, as the Chinese government did. As long
as the fundamental and structural issues of the socialist planned economy are not resolved, it is
difficult to expect increased national competitive power or a rapid increase in production.‖ He
also provided a negative forecast for the North Korean economy this year, ―As urged in the New
Year‘s Editorial, if self-revitalization is used to adhere to an inward-looking policy, an increase in
economic effectiveness under the military-first system will be impossible. Then, this year's
economic situation will also be extremely difficult.‖ In particular, he pointed out, ―Even if aid from
international society through possible improved U.S.-North Korea relations or an increase in
Chinese support is secured, it will be insufficient to attain economic recovery. Along the same
lines, revitalizing inter-Korean economic cooperation will also improve social welfare, but it will not
be enough to normalize the North Korean economy.‖ (cont)
Source: DailyNK; Yang Jung A
http://www.dailynk.com/english/read.php?cataId=nk00100&num=4512

Satellites Detect Possible Missile Moves In North
North Korea may be preparing for the first long-range missile test since Seoul‘s conservative
administration took office a year earlier. The latest development comes at a time when the
North‘s increasingly vocal military has increased its hostile rhetoric toward its southern neighbor.
Cited by Japan‘s Sankei Shimbun, government officials in Seoul and Tokyo said yesterday that
the latest satellite surveillance images suggest Pyongyang‘s military is moving what appear to be
missile parts to a newly built missile base in North Pyongan Province, located in the northwestern
region of the country. The officials said the missiles are probably the North‘s flagship long-range
Taepodong models that are known to be capable of hitting targets 6,000 kilometers (3,728 miles)
away. They say it could take a month or two to wrap up preparations before a launch could be
made. Sankei Shimbun cited United States intelligence sources as saying that images from U.S.
satellites showed several trucks moving around a new missile launching base in Dongchang-ri,
North Pyongan Province. Also detected was the transport to the site of a large container used to
store missiles. ―A train that carried a cylindrical object has recently departed from a weapons
plant in North Pyongan Province to Dongchang-ri,‖ said the government official in Seoul who
declined to be named. (cont)
Source: JoongAng Ilbo; Jung Ha-won
http://joongangdaily.joins.com/article/view.asp?aid=2900589
Seoul Fears North May Test Missile
SEOUL: North Korea has been moving what appear to be components of a long-range missile to
a launching site, a South Korean official and news reports said Tuesday, raising fears that the
Communist state might test-fire a missile. The North Korean move, first reported by the South
Korean news agency Yonhap and the Japanese newspaper Sankei Shimbun, came amid
concern among analysts in Seoul that Pyongyang might attempt some sort of military provocation
to help make its nuclear program a foreign policy priority for the new U.S. administration. North
Korea has launched missiles when it has wanted to raise tensions in order to win political or
economic concessions. In recent weeks, it has said that its military had assumed an "all-out
confrontational posture" and that it had scrapped all nonaggression pacts with South Korea.
Recent spy satellite images showed a train carrying a long, cylindrical object, believed to be a
missile, heading to a new launching site on North Korea's western coast, Yonhap reported,
quoting an unnamed government official. Late Tuesday, Yonhap reported that intelligence
officials were still tracking the train and that there was a possibility that the North would take it to
another launching site. "We detected such a movement in the last week of January," the South
Korean official said, referring to the train's movement cited by Yonhap. He spoke on condition of
anonymity, because he was not authorized to discuss the issue with reporters. (Cont)
Source: International Herald Tribune, Choe Sang-Hun
http://www.iht.com/articles/2009/02/03/asia/north.php

South Korean Activists Vow To Bring Down Pyongyang Government
Tension continues to heighten on the Korean peninsula after recent threats from North Korea
against the South. Pyongyang upped the ante on Monday, vowing to keep its nuclear weapons
until Washington removes threats against the North. Despite Pyongyang's vow to cut ties with
the South, Seoul is hoping to put relations back on track. Anti-North Korean activists in South
Korea say they will continue their campaign to bring down the communist government. Park
Sang Hak, Head of Fighters for Free North Korea, said: "Sending leaflets out is to show the
power of truth and the power of money. For us to safely and conveniently do this, we thought we
could send North Korean money from here." The activists have been using balloons to send
leaflets to North Korea, denouncing the North Korean leader Kim Jong Il and urging the people to
rise up against his regime. They have tucked one-dollar US bills into some of the balloons hoping
to get the North Koreans to pick up the leaflets and read them. However, because of recent
reports that the North Korean government is cracking down on those with US dollar bills, the
activists have decided to send North Korean currency instead. But the South Korean government
says they could land up in jail. Kim Ho Nyeon, South Korean Unification Ministry spokesman,
said: "To bring in North Korean money into South Korea, government approval is necessary.
(cont)
Source: Channel News Asia; Lim Yun Suk
http://www.channelnewsasia.com/stories/eastasia/view/406454/1/.html

U.S.-China Currency Dispute Could Hurt Korea
The United States and China remain at loggerheads over the value of the yuan. The Obama
administration has cited America's trade deficit with China as a culprit behind the global financial
crisis and accused Beijing of manipulating the exchange rate. China is fighting back, reminding
Washington that it is America's top creditor nation. The U.S. could resort to measures similar to
the Plaza Agreement of 1985, where it forced Japan to strengthen the yen from 230 per dollar to
120. If China decides to retaliate by selling U.S. Treasury Bonds, the global economy could suffer
further devastating blow. Visiting Germany on Thursday, Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao denied
allegations of intervening in the foreign exchange market, saying the value of the yuan has been
set flexibly according to the needs of the market. It was the U.S. that made the first conciliatory
gesture. President Obama apparently called his Chinese counterpart Hu Jintao on Friday to
discuss ways of resolving the trade imbalance and voice Washington's opposition to any type of
protectionist measures. But the difference of opinions remains strong, with the media in both
countries focusing on different aspects of that phone call. (cont)
Source: Chosun Ilbo
http://english.chosun.com/w21data/html/news/200902/200902030001.html

U.S., S. Korea Vow To End N. Korea Nuclear Weapons
US President Barack Obama spoke with South Korean President Lee Myung-Bak on Monday and
the two vowed to work closely toward ending North Korea's nuclear weapons programs, the
White House said. The two "discussed North Korea and agreed to work closely as allies and
through the six-party talks to achieve the verifiable elimination of North Korea's nuclear weapons
and programs," spokesman Robert Gibbs said in a statement. "In a warm and substantive talk,
the president conveyed his deep commitment to the United States-Republic of Korea alliance.
Both presidents expressed their intention to expand cooperation on global issues," Gibbs added.
The pair also "discussed the current financial crisis and agreed to work together, including at the
G-20 Summit in London, to stabilize the global economy, to spur growth, and to get credit
markets flowing." In Seoul, presidential spokesman Lee Dong-Kwan said the accord came during
a phone conversation that lasted about 15 minutes. "Regarding the North Korean nuclear issue,
President Obama said it is important for the countries to increase their cooperation in the six-
party talks," the spokesman told a briefing. "President Lee expressed thanks to the new US
administration for showing a resolute attitude regarding the North Korean nuclear issue." The US
leader also said "a series of recent developments" had led him to realize that the denuclearization
of the Korean Peninsula can be achieved at an early date through cooperation among six nations,
the spokesman said. The two leaders said they expect to have "in-depth discussions" when US
Secretary of State Hillary Clinton visits South Korea this month during her Asian trip, which also
covers China and Japan, the spokesman said. (cont)
Source: AFP
http://www.channelnewsasia.com/stories/afp_asiapacific/view/406512/1/.html

W21 Trillion To Be Spent Developing U.S. Bases
A total of W21.3 trillion will be spent on infrastructure and industrial development projects at 65
U.S. Forces Korea bases nationwide and the surrounding areas until 2017 (US$1=W1,390). The
figure already includes W11.9 trillion of funds spent in January 2008 on the first phase of a
comprehensive development plan and an additional W9.21 trillion allotted for purchasing land and
expanding or building roads. The Ministry of Public Administration and Security on Monday met
with the relevant ministries, city and provincial governments and civil experts and finalized the
plan for the areas in question. The money will go to 28 military bases used by the USFK that are
soon to be returned to Korea and 37 bases it will continue to occupy. The government plans
altogether 539 projects building roads, parks, housing, cultural, welfare, tourism and educational
centers, and industrial complexes. The central government will supply W4.2 trillion and provincial
governments W5.6 trillion, with the remaining W11.5 trillion to be covered by the private sector.
Source: Chosun Ilbo
http://english.chosun.com/w21data/html/news/200902/200902030017.html

What Future For Midair Rocket Launches?
The government has embarked on the development of midair rocket-launching technology, a new
method of firing off rockets, in the hope the technique can be put into practical use. In a midair
rocket launch, a small rocket takes a satellite into orbit after being launched from a plane over
open seas. Such midair rocket launches have been used for commercial purposes by the United
States for about 20 years. Although many countries have been trying to develop midair rocket-
launching systems, little attention has so far been paid to the technology in Japan. Midair rocket
launches using aircraft have a number of advantages over conventional launches--they do not
need large-scale launch facilities and they offer increased flexibility in the timing and location of
launches. But the method also poses problems, including considerably higher maintenance and
repair costs for the rocket-launching airplanes and limits to the size of satellites that can be
launched. However, despite these limitations, the midair-launch system has been attracting
growing attention in Japan, with the Economy, Trade and Industry Ministry taking a lead on the
issue. Global demand for satellite-launch services is expected to separate into two categories:
large, complex satellites such as those for communications, and small, less complex satellites
that can be produced in a short period of time and at relatively low cost. One reason for the
surge in interest in midair rocket launches is that rapid advances in satellite technology have
made it possible for tasks that earlier required large satellites to be undertaken by smaller ones.
(cont)
Source: Yomiuri Shimbun; Keiko Chino
http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/dy/national/20090203TDY04302.htm

RUSSIA

India And IAEA Sign Nuclear Inspections Deal
India has signed a pact allowing UN inspections of its civilian nuclear plants. IAEA Director
General Mohamed ElBaradei and India's representative Saurabh Kumar signed the deal in
Vienna on Monday. India will be required to make 14 of its 22 civilian nuclear reactors, including
ones to be built, subject to regular inspections by 2014. India, a nuclear power since 1974, has
refused to sign the Non-Proliferation Treaty, or the NPT, prompting an international ban on
nuclear trade with India. But the 45-nation Nuclear Suppliers Group, consisting countries that
have nuclear materials or technologies, agreed in September to lift the ban. The move comes
after India and the United States signed a landmark accord on nuclear power generation two
years ago. Russia and France are also seeking nuclear business with India. Our reporter says
that only civilian nuclear reactors will be inspected and that nuclear cooperation with India has
been criticized.
Source: NHK
http://www.nhk.or.jp/daily/english/03_05.html

Russia Refused To Cut Red Tape For Japanese Humanitarian Mission To Northern
Territories
The Russian government never gave a formal response to a request from local authorities to
exempt a Japanese delegation bringing humanitarian aid to people living in the Northern
Territories off Hokkaido from providing disembarkation cards. Igor Koval, head of the Yuzhno-
Kurilsk district on Kunashiri Island, told the Mainichi during a telephone interview on Monday that
he asked Russian President Dmitry Medvedev and Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov to waive the
disembarkation cards for the delegation. However, he never received a formal response. The
problem arose on Jan. 27, when a Japanese delegation refused to submit the papers as it
attempted to deliver humanitarian supplies to Kunashiri Island -- since submitting such
documents would mean recognizing Russia's sovereignty over the Northern Territories. The
delegation subsequently returned home without delivering the supplies. According to Koval, he
filed a request with Moscow for documents that were necessary to receive the supplies on Sept.
10 last year, after receiving notice from Japan. However, written authorization only arrived in early
January -- much slower than usual. Since Koval and other local officials were aware that
immigration procedures would be tightened on Kunashiri Island from this year, they presumed
that troubles were likely to emerge over a visit by the Japanese delegation. They explained to
Moscow the reason why the sending of the supplies was delayed and sent letters to the Russian
president and foreign minister on behalf of local residents, asking them to exempt the Japanese
delegation from submitting disembarkation cards. T (cont)
Source: Mainichi Shimbun
http://mdn.mainichi.jp/mdnnews/news/20090203p2a00m0na019000c.html

Medvedev Addresses Georgian Congress, Says Seeks Friendly Ties
MOSCOW -- President Dmitry Medvedev spoke at a congress of ethnic Georgians living in
Russia on Tuesday, telling delegates that Moscow sought friendly ties with the Caucasus state.
Medvedev said bilateral relations "are undergoing serious trials today" and emphasized the two
countries' unifying cultural and religious traditions, and personal contacts. The congress
gathered to address problems facing Georgians in Russia as ties between the ex-Soviet states
plunged to a new low after the armed conflict that broke out after Georgia attacked South
Ossetia. Tbilisi severed diplomatic relations with Moscow after it recognized South Ossetia and
Abkhazia, the other breakaway region, as independent states after the five-day war. Strains in
relations with Russia and Georgia, run by Western-leaning leaders, have caused difficulties for
hundreds of thousands of Georgian guest workers in Russia. "Russia remains devoted to the
centuries-old traditions of friendship with the Georgian people," Medvedev said. "We sincerely
want to see Georgia a stable, independent and truly democratic state. A state that would live in
peace and security and maintain friendly relations with all the countries," the president said,
adding he hoped the congress would contribute to improving ties between Russia and Georgia.
Source: RIA Novosti
http://en.rian.ru/russia/20090203/119962247.html

Medvedev, Lukashenko Discuss New Air Defense Deal
Russia and Belarus will strengthen military cooperation with a deal to form a joint air-defense
system, President Dmitry Medvedev said Tuesday. The deal will likely be signed Tuesday, after
Medvedev and his Belarussian counterpart, Alexander Lukashenko, hold talks in the Kremlin.
The air-defense deal "will significantly increase the defense capability of Russia and Belarus,"
Medvedev said at the start of the talks. Russia has backed Belarus with cheap energy supplies
and loans, and the former Soviet neighbors have a union agreement that envisages close political
and economic ties. Both countries mistrust Western intentions and have denounced NATO's
expansion into former Soviet turf and U.S. plans to build missile-defense sites in Poland and the
Czech Republic. The Kremlin has been a key sponsor of Lukashenko, who has been dubbed
"Europe's last dictator" by the United States and the European Union for his relentless crackdown
on dissent. Recent attempts by the Belarussian leader to improve ties with the West have led
some observers to speculate that Minsk's real motive was to blackmail Moscow into boosting
subsidies. The air-defense deal has been in negotiation for years, with Belarus reportedly
lobbying for better terms and more generous Russian aid. Lukashenko seemed to corroborate a
report Tuesday by Kommersant saying he had demanded new Russian weapons at subsidized
prices and Russian purchases from Belarus' defense industries. During the talks at the Kremlin,
Lukashenko said the creation of a joint air-defense field should be part of a package aimed at
"deepening military-technical cooperation."
Source: The Moscow Times
http://www.themoscowtimes.com/article/600/42/374208.htm

Mi-24 Combat Helicopter Crashes In Saratov Region, Crew Killed
MOSCOW -- A Mi-24 Hind combat helicopter crashed on Tuesday in the Saratov Region in
Russia's Volga Federal District, killing the crew, a spokesman for the Russian Air Force said.
"The accident occurred Tuesday at 11:45 a.m. Moscow time [08:45 GMT] at Pugachyov
aerodrome in the Saratov Region. The helicopter crashed 18 kilometers from the aerodrome," Lt.
Col. Vladimir Drik said. Vladimir Belykh, the military prosecutor of the Saratov garrison, said two
bodies were found at the crash site. Local emergencies services said three people died and
Belykh said a search for the third body was underway. Drik said the flight recorders had been
recovered. He added that Mi-24 flights have been suspended, saying it is normal practice while
crashes are investigated.
Source: RIA Novosti
http://en.rian.ru/russia/20090203/119959886.html

OCEANIA, SOUTH ASIA, AND SOUTHEAST ASIA

AUSTRALIA

12 Years For Terror Leader Benbrika
FANATICAL Muslim cleric Abdul Nacer Benbrika, who wanted to wage jihad by launching
"terrible acts of violence", has been sentenced to at least 12 years in jail after becoming the first
person in Australia convicted of leading a terrorist organization. Six of his young Muslim followers
were also sentenced in the Victorian Supreme Court yesterday for their roles in the terror cell,
receiving minimum jail terms of between 4 1/2 and 7 1/2 years. The three years and two months
the seven men have already served in jail while awaiting trial will be deducted from their
sentences. Judge Bernard Bongiorno said neither Benbrika, 48, nor his followers had renounced
their commitment to waging violent jihad or holy war through terrorism. Defense lawyers for the
seven are understood to be considering lodging appeals against their convictions. (cont)
Source: The Australian
http://www.theaustralian.news.com.au/story/0,25197,25005430-31477,00.html

Australia Unveils A$42Bn Package
The Australian government is to spend A$42bn on a fresh fiscal stimulus package to help boost
the economy‘s flagging growth prospects as the global downturn threatens the nation with its first
recession in close to 17 years. Soon after the announcement on Tuesday the Reserve Bank of
Australia cut its benchmark interest rate by 1 percentage point to 3.25 per cent, its lowest level in
almost half a century. Wayne Swan, treasurer, underlined the deterioration in the nation‘s
fortunes when he halved the economy‘s growth forecast from 2 to 1 per cent for the fiscal year
ending June. He also predicted that unemployment, which reached 4.5 per cent in December, will
rise to 7 per cent in the middle of 2010. In November, the government forecast that
unemployment would hit 5.75 per cent in 2010. Mr. Swan said the fiscal stimulus would help
Australia avoid recession by boosting growth by 0.5 per cent in 2008-09, rising to 0.75 to 1 per
cent the following year. The International Monetary Fund at the weekend forecast Australia‘s
economy would contract by 0.2 per cent in calendar 2009. The latest government spending,
which followed last October‘s A$10.4bn stimulus package in mostly pre-Christmas handouts to
low income earners and pensioners, will be focused on infrastructure, schools and housing, which
will be allocated A$28.8bn. But the government will also devote A$12.7bn in cash payments to
low and middle income earners, which will be paid in March. (Cont)
Source: The Financial Times, Peter Smith in Sydney
http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/e6fc77fe-f1a2-11dd-8790-0000779fd2ac.html

Defense Spending Hurt By Low Dollar
THE dollar's fall against its US counterpart means the Rudd Government will have to top up
defense spending by $1.3 billion a year to cover the rising cost of imported American military
equipment. The findings are part of a mid-year defense budget update prepared by the Australian
Strategic Policy Institute, a government-funded defense and national security think tank. Despite
the dramatic slowdown in economic growth and looming budget deficit, ASPI's Mark Thompson
urges the Government not to renege on its promise to maintain 3 per cent annual real growth in
defense spending. Kevin Rudd yesterday announced a fall in expected government revenue this
year totaling $115 billion because of the financial crisis Even if the economy slipped into
recession, the argument for reduced defense spending was weak, Dr Thompson said. "Despite
major capital acquisitions from overseas, the bulk of defense spending stays in Australia," he
said. (cont)
Source: The Australian
http://www.theaustralian.news.com.au/story/0,25197,25000240-31477,00.html

Kingpin Let Nation Support Him While He Preached Jihad
IT was Australia's generosity that ironically smoothed Abdul Nacer Benbrika's path to becoming
the country's first convicted Muslim terror cell leader. Benbrika, 48, came to Australia on a
visitor's visa in 1989, fleeing the war in his native Algeria and seeking greater religious freedom.
He obtained permanent residency after marrying an Australian citizen in 1992 and, as he was
unemployed, used his spare time to "intensify his involvement with Islam". "Employment positions
were not readily obtainable, so with more idle time Benbrika spent more of each day immersed in
religious texts," his lawyer Remy van de Wiel QC said in a submission to the Victorian Supreme
Court. Later, while Benbrika was busy preaching jihad to his followers, he and his family were
supported by a disability pension, which he received for stomach problems, and by family support
payments for his wife and seven children. (cont)
Source: The Australian
http://www.theaustralian.news.com.au/story/0,25197,25005437-31477,00.html
PM Kevin Rudd Goes For Broke With $42bn Stimulus Package
KEVIN Rudd has flung open a $42billion economic war chest to confront the worsening global
economic crisis while revealing a dramatic slowdown that will force 300,000 Australians on to the
dole queues in the next 16 months. Declaring the crisis "a national and international emergency",
the Prime Minister announced yesterday he had no choice but to plunge the nation into a
$22.5billion budget deficit this year to fund economic stimulus measures designed to prevent
90,000 job losses. Despite the moves, the Government still estimates the ranks of the
unemployed will swell by 100,000 by June 30 as the full fury of the crisis ravages the real
economy. The jobless rate will rise from its current level of 4.5 per cent to 7 per cent by June next
year. (cont)
Source: The Australian
http://www.theaustralian.news.com.au/story/0,25197,25005508-601,00.html

Foreign Visits To India Cancelled Due to PM's Ill-Health
At least four incoming visits to India – two by presidents and two by prime ministers – have been
cancelled on account of Prime Minister Manmohan Singh‘s ill-health and surgery. A South Block
official said on Tuesday that visits by Nambaryn Enkhbayar and Cristina Kirchner, presidents of
Mongolia and Argentina, and by Fredrik Reinfeldt and Kevin Rudd, prime ministers of Sweden
and Australia, had been put off. Also, Defense Minister AK Antony, who was to visit Japan on a
previously-scheduled trip, decided not to go in view of his commitments at home. All key foreign
visitors, aware of how the Indian system works, would obviously like to meet the Prime Minister.
Given that Dr. Singh was in hospital, and now recuperating at home, it was decided to cancel
these four visits. Now that India will be in general election mode, only the month of February and,
possibly, the early part of March will be available to foreign dignitaries wanting to visit New Delhi.
One visit that is going ahead is that of Vice-President Hamid Ansari to Myanmar (February 5-8).
Source: HT
http://www.hindustantimes.com/StoryPage/StoryPage.aspx?sectionName=IndiaSectionPage&id=
adb78e52-f0d4-4f99-b228-
efa551353ad5&&Headline=Foriegn+visits+to+India+cancelled+due+to+PM%27s+ill-health

BANGLADESH

Hasina To Visit Saudi Arabia
Commerce Minister Lt Col (retd) Faruk Khan yesterday said the Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina
would visit Saudi Arabia shortly to sign an agreement aiming to enhance trade and investment
between the two countries. Faruk Khan disclosed this while talking to the waiting reporters after a
bilateral meeting with a Saudi business delegation at his office. He said, "Prime Minister Sheikh
Hasina will go to Saudi Arabia within a few days, when she will discuss with the Saudi
government the issue of the agreement to enhance trade between the two countries." Ministry
source said the prevailing few obstacles would be removed after striking the agreement to
increase trade between two countries. Source also said the minister requested them to import
Bangladeshi products like garments, pharmaceutical products, leather items or vegetables and to
invest more in Bangladesh. Hamad Al -shabaan, Chairman of AL-Shabaan group of the, led the
10-members team. He assured that the Saudi government has a positive approach to the
Bangladeshi people, as historically the peoples of the two Muslim countries have a close
relationship. He also hoped that the new government led by Sheikh Hasina would be able to build
Bangladesh as a prosperous country.
Source: The New Nation
http://nation.ittefaq.com/issues/2009/02/04/news0349.htm

U.S. Expert Says: Civil-Military Ties Must Not Be Barred By Corrupt Policies
In a democratic atmosphere, the civil- military relations are based on the smooth interfacing of
both sides and they should not be obstructed by placates and practices that might corrupt either
side. This was stated by Director of Asia Pacific Center for Security Studies Lt Gen (retd) Ed
Smith of US Army at a lecture on "Some Thoughts About Civil and Military Relations" organized
by Bangladesh Institute of International Strategic Studies (BIISS) here. Smith said it is
"dangerous" in a democratic society for military officials to become ambitious of getting into
power. But, he said, both the political leaders and high brass of military officers should have
professional interaction to understand each other for successful functioning of democracy. The
expert who served in the US Army for 35 years said highly professional and non-politicized
military is always worthy for the civilian authority across the globe. He said good relationship
between civil and military administrations is essential if a nation wants to have a strong
democratic government. The relationship should be established on agreed rules of mutual
respect and responsibility through regular talks between primarily participants in each groups of
interaction. This process of trust building, he said, requires a steady level of cooperation based
on mutual respect and transparency and continuing commitment to education of both civilian and
military leaders. "You cannot educate one section of leaders along one particular line and
separately the others if you want to develop confidence to each other", he said. (cont)
Source: The New Nation
http://nation.ittefaq.com/issues/2009/02/04/news0346.htm

U.S. Official To Hold Talks On Trade, Security In Bangladesh
Dhaka - A senior US diplomat is expected to visit Bangladesh on February 7 for talks on a
number of issues including security and trade, officials said Tuesday. US Assistant Secretary of
State for South and Central Asia Richard Boucher is tentatively scheduled to arrive Saturday on a
three-day visit, an official at the US embassy said. Diplomatic sources in Dhaka said Boucher
would focus mainly on issues related to anti-terrorism from a broad South Asian perspective as
Bangladesh's new government of Sheikh Hasina Wazed has proposed a regional taskforce to
combat terrorism. Two military officials of the US Special Operation Command (SOCOM) and US
Pacific Command (PACOM) are currently in Dhaka meeting senior officials to strengthen bilateral
and regional security cooperation. 'Together, the US commands SOCOM and PACOM provide
security force assistance to partners to help combat terrorism,' the US embassy said. They will
meet with officials of the Home Ministry and armed forces to discuss US funds for humanitarian
assistance as well as security and US-Bangladesh cooperation against terrorism. Dhaka will also
press for duty-free and quota-free access of Bangladeshi products in US market. A proposed
bilateral trade agreement is expected to be discussed. Boucher last visited Bangladesh in May
2008, when the country was ruled by the military-installed government of Fakhruddin Ahmed
under a state of emergency.
Source: DPA
http://www.monstersandcritics.com/news/southasia/news/article_1457272.php/US_official_to_hol
d_talks_on_trade_security_in_Bangladesh_

BRUNEI

HM's Sabah Visit Begins Today
Kota Kinabalu - His Majesty Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Mu'izzaddin Waddaulah, the Sultan
and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam, is expected to begin his three-day official visit to
Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, and today. His Majesty will be arriving at the Kota Kinabalu International
Airport, before attending a country development briefing in the afternoon at the Menara Tun
Mustapha. The monarch is also expected to meet Datuk Musa Hj Aman, the chief minister of
Sabah. The first day of His Majesty's visit will conclude with a banquet at the Dewan Undangan
Negeri Sabah. His Majesty is also scheduled to visit the Teluk Sepanggar Royal Malaysian Navy
Base on the second day of his visit, before boarding a flight to Sandakan in the afternoon. A get-
together dinner with the Sandakan community will also be one of the agendas in His Majesty's
itinerary. In addition, Her Majesty Raja Isteri Pengiran Anak Hajah Saleha and Her Royal
Highness Pengiran Isteri Azrinaz Mazhar, are expected to meet and greet children from the
welfare home at Hotel Pacific, Sutera Harbor. Before concluding the official visit on Thursday, His
Majesty will be visiting the Rainforest Discovery Centre RDC at Sepilok. The Rainforest Discovery
Centre, which was officiated aw Malaysian Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmed Budawi in August
2007, has a forest biology interpretation centre with exhibitions of posters and preserved fauna
and flora. The centre also has a Inapt discovery centre housing various plants, herbs and orchids
with well-designed pathways and trekking paths. (cont)
Source: The Brunei Times
http://www.bt.com.bn/en/home_news/2009/02/03/hms_sabah_visit_begins_today

BURMA

Burma's Opium Poppy Growers Return To Their Fields
Opium poppy cultivation in Burma has increased alarmingly in the past two years amid fears that
region's worsening economic crisis will encourage an even greater spurt in growth, warns the
United Nations. Falling international commodity prices and increase political instability in Burma's
border area has fuelled fears that many of Burma's poppy farmers will find it impossible to resist
the temptation to return to their old ways. In the past few years there has been a dramatic fall in
the area under poppy cultivation and opium production, but these gains have been reversed in
the past two years, according to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime's (UNODC)
annual survey just released. "The problem of poppy production in the region has been contained
but not solved," the UNODC chief in Bangkok, Gary Lewis told Mizzima. "There have been
significant increases, especially in Myanmar, which are threatening to rise further because of the
worsening economic conditions faced by former poppy farmers." More than ninety percent of the
poppy grown in south-east Asia – Burma, Laos, Thailand and Vietnam – is grown in Burma's
north-eastern Shan State, though significant strides have been made in Burma over the past
decade to dramatically reduce the cultivation of poppy and the production of opium. Poppy
cultivation has fallen from more than 120,000 hectares under poppy cultivation to around 30,000
in 2008 in Burma. (cont)
Source: Mizzima News
http://www.mizzima.com/edop/anslysis/1647-burmas-opium-poppy-growers-return-to-their-
fields.html

Burmese Boat People Found Drifting Off Indonesia
The Indonesian navy says a wooden boat with around 200 Burmese people aboard has been
found floating off the east coast of Sumatra. The boat was found by fishermen and is believed to
be the last remaining vessel of an initial flotilla of eight or nine wooden boats. A local navy official
in Aceh province says the Burmese passengers reported that 22 people had died at sea during
their three week journey. Around 20 of the 198 Burmese are in a critical condition in hospital, said
a local official, Abdul Munir. "They used boats with no engines and their condition was pitiful,"
said Munir, adding the men said they had thrown overboard the corpses of their comrades. (cont)
Source: Radio Australia
http://www.radioaustralianews.net.au/stories/200902/2481472.htm?desktop

Junta Builds Weapons Factory In Central Burma
Chiang Mai - Burma's ruling military junta has completed construction of nearly half of a new
factory that will produce military weapons and tanks, sources said. The source, close to the
construction company, said the new weapons factory was being built in central Burma's Magwe
division in Seatottaryar Township, by the 'Chan Aye' construction company. "The construction
has been going on for about two years, and about half of the factory has been completed so far.
As far as I know, the factory will produce weapons as well as tanks," the source, who declined to
be named for fear of reprisal, told Mizzima. The Chan Aye Construction Company is a joint
venture between several ex-military servicemen and is engaged in various military constructions.
Reportedly, local residents near the area of the factory construction said several acres of their
farm lands, had been seized by the government, without providing any compensation. "I had
about 20 acres of land in the area and cultivated beans and other vegetables on it. But, the
authorities destroyed my crops with a bulldozer and cleared my land for construction," a local
resident told Mizzima. (Cont)
Source: Mizzima News
http://www.mizzima.com/news/inside-burma/1649-junta-builds-weapons-factory-in-central-
burma.html

No Concrete Results for Gambari
United Nations Special Envoy to Burma Ibrahim Gambari on Tuesday concluded his seventh
official visit to Burma after a meeting with Prime Minister Gen Thein Sein in Rangoon. However,
the opposition National League for Democracy (NLD) spokesman Nyan Win said that there had
been no developments during the envoy's visit. "During our meeting with Mr. Gambari, the NLD
made a stand and he listened carefully to what we said. However, we have not received a
response to our demands. So far, we cannot see any developments from this trip." Aye Win, an
official with the UN Information Centre in Rangoon, said on Tuesday that the Nigerian diplomat
left Burma at about 4:30 p.m. local time. He added that Gambari had not flown to the Burmese
regime's new capital, Naypyidaw, nor met with other high-ranking generals or junta head Snr-Gen
Than Shwe. ―Today Mr. Gambari met with Prime Minister Gen Thein Sein at 2 p.m. for about one
hour,‖ he said on Tuesday. ―The envoy also sat again with the government‘s 'spokes authoritative
team' today.‖ Aye Win said Gambari was able to meet all the persons who were on his itinerary
before the trip. He said Gambari also held meetings on Tuesday with pro-junta political groups,
such as the so-called "88 Generation Students and Youth (Union of Myanmar)" group and the
Wintharnu NLD, a splinter group from the NLD. (cont)
Source: The Irrawaddy
http://www.irrawaddy.org/article.php?art_id=15055

Suu Kyi Healthy But Concerned Over Absence Of Rule Of Law In Burma
Chiang Mai – Burmese democracy icon Aung San Suu Kyi, still under house arrest, is healthy but
is concerned over the absence of rule of law in Burma. The Nobel Peace Laureate expressed her
concern to her colleagues – the five members of National League for Democracy (NLD) party
Central Executive Committee' (CEC) - during the 15-minute meeting with them at Seinle Kantha
government guest house in Rangoon on Monday. "The first message is about her health
situation. She is healthy. The second point is intra-party affairs. Regarding these, Daw Suu said
that she supported the party CEC on their current position and on their political attitude, political
stand, political history among others," U Win Tin, a party leader, told Mizzima. "The third
message she gave us is on 'the rule of law in Burma'. She pointed out that the most crucial factor
in Burma is the rule of law. She also said that this is the prime work we have to do," he added.
After the meeting with CEC members -- Aung Shwe, Than Tun, Thakin Soe Myint, Nyunt Wai and
Hla Pe, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi had a meeting with UN special envoy Mr. Gambari separately
along with her five CEC members which lasted about one and-a-half hours. They reiterated their
position to the visiting UN envoy regarding putting pressure on the Burmese regime to release all
political prisoners, reviewing the new constitution, honoring the 1990 general election results and
convening parliament on its basis. (cont)
Source: Mizzima News
http://www.mizzima.com/news/inside-burma/1648-suu-kyi-healthy-but-concerned-over-absence-
of-rule-of-law-in-burma.html

Myanmar migrants say cast adrift by Thais
About 200 Myanmar migrants found adrift off Sumatra told rescuers they had been towed out to
sea and abandoned to their fate by Thai security forces, an Indonesian navy officer said Tuesday.
They said 20 others had perished as they drifted at sea for three weeks in a wooden boat held
together with rope but with no engine. Fishermen found them huddled in the boat off Indonesia's
Sumatra island on Monday afternoon, navy officer Tedi Sutardi told AFP. The migrants, from
Myanmar's minority Muslim Rohingya community, said they had been cast adrift by Thai security
forces as they tried to flee persecution in Myanmar. They showed scars from beatings they said
they had received at the hands of the Thais, matching similar allegations from another group of
174 Rohingya who were found off Sumatra on January 7. "Fishermen found a wooden boat
without an engine drifting in the sea with 198 Myanmar migrants. They said Thai authorities
towed them out to sea and set them adrift," Sutardi said. "Their boat was small. It's only 12
meters long and three meters wide... It had almost come apart and was held together with ropes.
"They were drifting for about 21 days. Most of them are in critical condition and are receiving
treatment at a local state hospital in East Aceh district." Using limited Malay, the Bengali-
speaking migrants said they had left their homes in Myanmar's western Arakan state because
they were being forced to embrace Buddhism, according to the Indonesian officer. (cont)
Source: AFP
http://www.channelnewsasia.com/stories/afp_asiapacific/view/406553/1/.html

Rohingya Tell Of Beatings By Thai Forces
A group of Rohingya found adrift off Sumatra on Monday say they were beaten, towed out to sea
and left to their fate by Thai security forces, the Indonesian navy says. The boat people said 22 of
their number had perished as they drifted at sea for three weeks in a wooden boat that had no
engine and was held together with rope, navy officer Tedi Sutardi said. ''Fishermen found a
wooden boat without an engine drifting in the sea with 198 Burmese migrants,'' Mr. Sutardi said.
''They said Thai authorities towed them out to sea and set them adrift.'' The migrants, all men,
said they had been cast adrift by Thai security forces as they tried to flee persecution in Burma.
They also spoke of nine other boats set adrift by Thai forces. They showed scars from beatings
they said they had received at the hands of the Thais, matching similar allegations from another
group of 174 Rohingya who were found off Sumatra on Jan 7. (cont)
Source: Bangkok Post
http://www.bangkokpost.com/news/local/10979/rohingya-tell-of-beatings-by-thai-forces

Than Shwe Again Shuns Meeting with Gambari
UN Special Envoy Ibrahim Gambari leaves Rangoon on Tuesday at the end of a three-day visit
during which he had one meeting with opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi but failed to meet
junta leader Snr-Gen Than Shwe. Gambari, on his seventh visit to Burma in a long-running UN
mission to try and achieve political reconciliation there, met government officials and pro-junta
politicians before leaving Rangoon. The UN envoy met Suu Kyi on Monday, and she reportedly
aired her frustration at the UN‘s failure to achieve political change in Burma and charged that the
country lacked rule of law. Nyan Win, spokesman of the opposition National League for
Democracy (NLD), said Suu Kyi drew Gambari‘s attention to the lengthy prison sentences given
recently to political prisoners and the arrest of defense lawyers. Gambari was reportedly
surprised to learn that Suu Kyi was well-informed about the country‘s prevailing political situation.
―She is very much aware of the situation,‖ said a Western diplomat in Rangoon, adding that the
Nobel Peace Laureate is healthy and regularly listens to news broadcasts from foreign radio
stations. The regime recently handed down heavy prison sentences to political activists and some
local humanitarian workers who had worked in the cyclone-devastated Irrawaddy delta region.
Human rights groups report that more than 2,100 political prisoners are held in prisons throughout
the country. (cont)
Source: The Irrawaddy
http://www.irrawaddy.org/article.php?art_id=15053

U.N. Envoy Ends Another Myanmar Trip Empty-Handed
YANGON - U.N. envoy Ibrahim Gambari wound up his latest visit to Myanmar on Tuesday having
failed to make any headway in his bid to coax detained opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi and
the junta towards talks on political reform. During a meeting with Gambari, Suu Kyi and her
National League for Democracy (NLD) made it clear they would not bend from the line that 1990
elections, won by the NLD but dismissed by the generals, must be the basis of any settlement.
The junta insists elections will be held next year under the closing stages of a seven-point
"roadmap to democracy" that nevertheless confers ultimate control of the former Burma on the
military, which has ruled since a 1962 coup. "The NLD are still sticking to the same old stance.
They haven't changed their game plan at all," one veteran politician, who declined to be named,
told Reuters. "I'm so sorry for the country, for the people, especially the young ones. I don't know
how much longer we will be stuck in this deadlock. Gambari cannot be blamed for this. After all,
he isn't a magician," the former politician said. On the junta's side, the most senior official
Gambari met was Prime Minister Thein Sein, number four in the military hierarchy. (cont)
Source: Reuters
http://in.reuters.com/article/southAsiaNews/idINIndia-37812320090203

UN envoy wraps up Myanmar trip after talks with Aung San Suu Kyi
The UN's Myanmar envoy was wrapping up his trip to the military-run nation Tuesday after
meeting democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi but with no prospect of crucial talks with senior
government members. Ibrahim Gambari arrived on Saturday aiming to nudge the government
toward democratic reform and initiate dialogue between the rulers, detained Aung San Suu Kyi
and her National League for Democracy (NLD) party. He held talks with Aung San Suu Kyi on
Monday morning. She had refused to meet the Nigerian diplomat on his previous visit to
Myanmar in August 2008, apparently after he failed to secure any concrete pledges from the
government. "For the first time, Mr. Gambari met for over an hour jointly with Daw Aung San Suu
Kyi and members of the central executive committee of the National League for Democracy," the
UN said in a statement late Monday. Photos released by the UN showed a thin, serious-looking
Aung San Suu Kyi dressed in a blue sarong and checkered blue top talking with the diplomat.
The meeting appeared to make little headway, however, with Aung San Suu Kyi and the NLD
simply repeating their long-standing preconditions to dialogue. They demand the government
release all political prisoners, review the new constitution passed by a referendum last May, and
recognize the results of 1990 elections that the NLD won by a landslide. The outcome of the last
election here was ignored by the government, with the military instead keeping Aung San Suu Kyi
under house arrest for most of the past 19 years and cementing its now nearly five-decade grip
on power. On Tuesday morning, Gambari met with pro-government student activists, NLD splinter
groups and independent politicians at a state guest house where he is required to hold most of
his official talks, a government official said. (cont)
Source: AFP
http://www.channelnewsasia.com/stories/afp_asiapacific/view/406554/1/.html

Indonesian Navy Rescues 198 Rohingya Near Aceh
The Indonesian navy rescued 198 Rohingya boat people off the coast of Aceh on Monday, nearly
three weeks after they were reportedly set adrift in the open sea by the Thai navy, and less than a
month after a similar incident provoked an international outcry over Thailand‘s treatment of
refugees. According to reports from Indonesia, a local fisherman discovered the starving and
dehydrated Rohingya men in an engineless boat drifting off the coast of the island of Sumatra on
Monday afternoon. They told rescuers they had been towed out to sea by the Thai navy. At least
56 of the survivors, including a 13-year-old boy, were admitted to the Idirayeuk General Hospital
in Aceh province with severe dehydration. Other survivors said that they had had nothing to eat or
drink for seven days and that 22 of them had died at sea. On January 7, 193 Rohingya were
rescued by the Indonesian navy after they washed up near Aceh, on the northern tip of Sumatra.
Indonesian authorities have refused to offer asylum to any of this first group of boat people,
saying that they are economic migrants and not refugees fleeing persecution. (cont)
Source: The Irrawaddy
http://www.irrawaddy.org/article.php?art_id=15051

CAMBODIA

Cambodia To Reform Commune-Level Policing, Border Security In 2009
PHNOM PENH -- Cambodian National Police Commissioner Neth Savoeun has pledged to
reform commune-level policing and border security in 2009, said English-Khmer language
newspaper the Cambodia Daily on Tuesday. One such reform would be establishing telephone
hotlines to take complaints at municipal and provincial police headquarters and "national police
will check up on the situation of the network and system of administrative police across the
country," he told the annual national assembly of Cambodian police here on Monday. In addition,
boxes have been set up at all 76 commune police stations in Phnom Penh to accept comments
and criticism from local residents, he said. The system is still in trial phase, but will expand to all
24 provinces in 2009, he added. Villagers must provide more feedback to both commune police
and border police about illegal activities to help improve security, he said. "We have to strengthen
the border police and provide them with reasonable uniforms, camp equipment and training. We
also need participation of villagers," he added. During the meeting, it was made public that the
kingdom's crime rate dropped by 23 percent in 2008 compared with the previous year, due to
political stability, economic development and hard work of the police.
Source: Xinhua
http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2009-02/03/content_10755548.htm

Thailand, Cambodia Resume Temple Dispute Talks - Official
BANGKOK--Negotiators from Thailand and Cambodia on Tuesday resumed talks aimed at
resolving a border standoff that last year boiled over into a military clash, a Thai official said. The
last meeting of the Joint Boundary Commission in Cambodia's tourist hub Siem Reap ended in
November with the two neighbors failing to reach agreement on any of the key points. Since then,
a new government has come to power in Thailand, inheriting the long-standing territorial dispute
over the land surrounding Cambodia's ancient Preah Vihear temple, where soldiers clashed in
October, leaving four dead. "This meeting is expected to further discuss the topics that we failed
to reach agreement on at the last meeting, involving the name of the temple, troop deployment
and demarcation," a military official said. Thailand's new foreign minister Kasit Piromya last
month made his first official visit to Cambodia. At the time, his Cambodian counterpart Hor
Namhong said the two ministers agreed to begin demarcating their disputed border. Thai and
Cambodian officials on the commission agreed in principle last November to reduce the number
of soldiers at the disputed border and to form a border task force, but there has been no concrete
progress since then. Thailand's defense minister is expected to visit Cambodia on Friday to
discuss withdrawing soldiers from territory around the 11th century Preah Vihear temple, which
sits on Cambodian land just on the border. (Cont)
Source: AFP
http://www.nasdaq.com/aspxcontent/NewsStory.aspx?cpath=20090203\ACQDJON20090203011
8DOWJONESDJONLINE000042.htm&&mypage=newsheadlines&title=Thailand,%20Cambodia%

FIJI

Fiji Military Eyes More Equipment In Bid To Get International Peacekeeping Work
Fiji‘s interim prime minister, Commodore Frank Bainimarama, has told Radio Fiji that the
country‘s political situation won‘t affect its engagement in international peacekeeping duties.
Commodore Bainimarama, who is also the military commander, says it would be easier if the Fiji
armed forces had equipment like tanks to be able to provide a mechanized battalion to operations
in the Middle East. Last year, the interim defense minister, Ratu Epeli Ganilau, confirmed that the
UN stopped hiring new Fiji peacekeepers after the 2006 military coup led by Commodore
Bainimarama. Ratu Epeli said it was possible that in not selecting peacekeeping troops from his
country, the UN was taking Fiji‘s political situation into account. But Commodore Bainimarama
says he is now looking into ways of acquiring equipment for the country to qualify in areas of
peacekeeping where Fiji is missing out.
Source: RNZI
http://www.rnzi.com/pages/news.php?op=read&id=44556

Fiji’s Permanent Secretary To Local Government Says Council Reform Legal
Fiji‘s permanent secretary to Local Government, Ram Chandra, says moves to reform municipal
councils are legal, and councils haven‘t been scrapped altogether. Last year, cabinet decided to
shorten the mayoral and councillor terms from four to three years, and their contracts expired last
month. He says municipal elections will be held again following a major reforms of the way the
country‘s 12 municipal councils operate. In the meantime, town clerks have been appointed
CEO‘s, and shortly special administers will be selected to assist them in an effort to make
councils run more efficiently. ―What the government has done through the promulgation changing
the existing laws which was done by His Excellency the President, it‘s been reduced to three
years. So as far as the law, legal or legality of the idea, it‘s all within the frame of the law. So
there is no dissolution of the councils, its just that their terms expired, which means that they will
wait for next election.‖ Ram Chandra says no date has been set yet for this year‘s municipal
elections.
Source: RNZI
http://www.rnzi.com/pages/news.php?op=read&id=44558

Fiji's Future 'Uncertain'
Samoan leader, Tuilaepa Malilelegaoi says unless the armed force in Fiji is removed there will be
no peace in the country. Samoa Observer reported the Samoan PM as saying that said Fijis
future was uncertain. "Even if elections are held there is no guarantee that a civilian government
would not be toppled," he said. Mr. Malilelegaoi said he based the assessment on his
understanding that armies are the training camps for military strongmen and dictators.
Source: Fiji Times
http://www.fijitimes.com/story.aspx?id=113496

Fiji's Leader Calls Diplomat Back From PNG
The Fijian high commissioner to Papua New Guinea, Ratu Isoa Tickoca, has been recalled to Fiji
by interim prime minister, Commodore Frank Bainimarama. It is believed the diplomat, who has
worked in PNG for more than three years, lost his job for not living up to official duties. But when
asked by the Post Courier newspaper why the diplomat was recalled, Commodore Frank
Bainimarama reportedly would not detail the reasons and told the newspaper, "it's none of your
business". Commodore Bainimarama says there are still staff in the in Port Moresby office who
will carry out duties while the recall is being sorted out.
Source: Radio Australia
http://www.radioaustralianews.net.au/stories/200902/2481554.htm?desktop

Samoa PM Says No Peace In Fiji Unless Military Goes
The Samoan Prime Minister, Tuilaepa Sailele Malilelegaoi, says Fiji must get rid of its armed
military forces for there to be peace in the country. Tuilaepa told the Samoa Observer he thinks
Fiji‘s future is uncertain, and even if elections are held there is no guarantee that a civilian
government could not be toppled. He says if there is a return to civilian government, he feels
there will be many other military leaders like Commodore Frank Bainimarama in the future.
Tuilaepa says it is very easy to pick up a gun and wave it at people. He says if the military leaders
truly want to support the wider public, they should volunteer to leave the military and prepare for
elections. Tuilaepa says many capable Fijians cannot contribute because positions have been
filled by army personnel who have no expertise in the work they are given. Tuilaepa also
describes Commodore Bainimarama as inexperienced in international relations, unused to
governing a country, and only wanting praise.
Source: RNZI
http://www.rnzi.com/pages/news.php?op=read&id=44555

FRENCH POLYNESIA

French Polynesian Politician, Gaston Flosse, Due In Court
The French Polynesian veteran politician, Gaston Flosse, is today due to appear in Papeete‘s
criminal court over the alleged misuse of public funds following the 2004 general election night.
Mr. Flosse, who was the territory‘s president, organized a massive reception for his Tahoeraa
Huiraatira Party at the presidential palace on election night, assuming he would increase his
majority and win a another five-year term. After his shock defeat, the entertainment bill was left
for the new government to pay but the new administration of Oscar Temaru refused to do so. The
case was to be heard in November but Mr. Flosse, who was re-elected as member of the French
senate, was in Paris at the time and his lawyer won a deferral until today.
Source: RNZI
http://www.rnzi.com/pages/news.php?op=read&id=44569

GUAM

Military Seeks Public Input On Buildup Impact
The U.S. military is asking local residents to contribute their thoughts to a study on the impact of
increased military activity in the Marianas. The coming buildup will lead the military to train more,
research more and develop more in the "Mariana Islands Range Complex," which consists of
Guam and the Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands, according to a press release from
the Navy. But before the military can increase its presence here, it must determine what impact
those activities will have. A draft environmental impact statement is available for download on the
Internet. It is more than 1,400 pages long. The press release explained that the environment
consists of more than just animals, plants and bodies of water -- it includes the "economic well-
being and quality of life of the Marianas people." Yesterday, Tony Lamorena, director of the
Bureau of Statistics and Plans, said the military's increased presence will affect almost every
aspect of life on Guam. The buildup has the opportunity to bring positive or negative change, he
said. It is "everybody's responsibility" to contribute at the hearings, he said. (cont)
Source: Pacific Daily News
http://www.guampdn.com/article/20090204/NEWS01/902040334

INDIA

Boom Marginalizes India's Urban Poor - Report
NEW DELHI - India's booming economy has helped marginalize the growing number of
impoverished city dwellers while lifting millions out of poverty, a government report said on
Tuesday. The proportion of India's urban poor halved in the 30 years to 2005 but absolute
numbers rose from 60 to 81 million during the period, said the report produced with the United
Nations Development Program (UNDP). "Would bringing out an urban poverty report put some
shadow on the shining and glittering performance of India?" asked Professor Amitabh Kundu, the
chief coordinator of the "India Urban Poverty Report 2009", which was released in New Delhi.
"When you're watching the process of development, where you stand is very important -- whether
you see the speed of the engine or you get overwhelmed by the smoke." The urban poor
accounted for 25.7 percent of the country's total urban population in 2004-5 compared with 49.01
percent in 1973-74, said the report which defines urban poor as anyone living on less than 20
rupees ($.41) a day. However, the rate of overall decline in poverty slowed from 0.82 percentage
points per year from 1973-74 to 1983-84, to 0.61 percentage points from 1993-94 to 2004-05, the
report said, revealing the flip-side of the country's economic success. India's economy grew at
around 9 percent in each of the past three years. "Certain aspects of economic development and
the changes associated strongly with the process of urbanization in India have created a
backwash effect for the poorer sections of the urban community," the report said. (cont)
Source: Reuters
http://in.reuters.com/article/topNews/idINIndia-37816920090203

India Should Have Rightful Place In UNSC: Antony
Pitching for "non-discriminatory" international norms and institutions, India on Tuesday made a
strong case for its "rightful place" in the UN Security Council to enable it to make significant
contribution to global security as a major stake-holder and responsible power. Defense Minister
AK Antony said India is engaged in a major diplomatic effort to construct a new security order in
Asia and beyond through bilateral and multilateral engagements. "India is committed to build
strong, non-discriminatory international norms and institutions, so as to strengthen world peace
and stability," he said addressing the 11th Asian Security Conference in New Delhi. Antony did
not refer to any specific international institution but was apparently referring to global bodies like
UN which New Delhi maintains need reform to represent contemporary realities. "India hopes to
gain its rightful place in the UN Security Council and make significant contribution to global
security as a major stake-holder and responsible power," he said. Antony said India has resolved
to work with the international community on global and universal nuclear disarmament and
institutions that have legitimacy and enhance security of all states. Referring to India-specific
waiver granted by the Nuclear Supplier's Group (NSG) in September last year, he said it had put
aside a major road-block in India's role and future development. "For four decades, India had
been subjected to an unfair and discriminatory international nuclear regime that has been brought
to an end.
Source: PTI
http://www.hindustantimes.com/StoryPage/StoryPage.aspx?sectionName=IndiaSectionPage&id=
344fed07-1da5-479d-b8ed-
ceb29520e70b&&Headline=India+should+have+rightful+place+in+UNSC%3a+Antony

Indo-U.S. Cooperation In Development Of Bio-Fuels
New Delhi: A Memorandum of Understanding has been signed between the United States of
America and India here today to establish a framework of cooperation in the field of bio-fuels. It
will cover scientific, technical and policy aspects of production, conversion, utilization, distribution
and marketing of bio-fuels in a sustainable and environmentally friendly manner in accordance
with national priorities and socio-economic development strategies and goals. Eight specific
areas have been identified for collaborative activities. Bio-fuel feed-stock production based on
sustainable biomass with active involvement of local communities through non-edible oil seed
bearing plantations on wastelands will be carried out. Thrust will be given to production and
development of quality planting materials and high sugar containing varieties of sugarcane, sweet
sorghum, sugar and cassava. Besides this, advanced conversion technologies for first generation
bio-fuels and emerging technologies for second generation bio-fuels, technologies for end-use
applications in the sector based on a large scale centralized approach and stationary applications
in rural areas and industry for motive power and electricity production based on a decentralized
approach through active community participation, utilization of by-products of bio-diesel
production processes, development of test methods, procedures and protocols, standards and
certification for different bio-fuels and end use applications, promotion of technology transfer,
assessment of joint policy and business models are other areas of cooperation. (cont)
Source: ANI
http://www.newkerala.com/topstory-fullnews-86250.html

Foreign Visits To India Cancelled Due to PM's Ill-Health
At least four incoming visits to India – two by presidents and two by prime ministers – have been
cancelled on account of Prime Minister Manmohan Singh‘s ill-health and surgery. A South Block
official said on Tuesday that visits by Nambaryn Enkhbayar and Cristina Kirchner, presidents of
Mongolia and Argentina, and by Fredrik Reinfeldt and Kevin Rudd, prime ministers of Sweden
and Australia, had been put off. Also, Defense Minister AK Antony, who was to visit Japan on a
previously-scheduled trip, decided not to go in view of his commitments at home. All key foreign
visitors, aware of how the Indian system works, would obviously like to meet the Prime Minister.
Given that Dr. Singh was in hospital, and now recuperating at home, it was decided to cancel
these four visits. Now that India will be in general election mode, only the month of February and,
possibly, the early part of March will be available to foreign dignitaries wanting to visit New Delhi.
One visit that is going ahead is that of Vice-President Hamid Ansari to Myanmar (February 5-8).
Source: HT
http://www.hindustantimes.com/StoryPage/StoryPage.aspx?sectionName=IndiaSectionPage&id=
adb78e52-f0d4-4f99-b228-
efa551353ad5&&Headline=Foriegn+visits+to+India+cancelled+due+to+PM%27s+ill-health

Days Before 26/11 Report, Pak Denies Any Terror Links
Pakistan on Tuesday said the findings of its probe into the Mumbai attack may be made public
within a week as it insisted that its agencies were not involved in the carnage and the terror
strikes were plotted outside its territory. "We have been saying that Pakistan government is not
involved in this (Mumbai attacks). We have also been saying that this (plot) was not put together
in Pakistan," Minister of State for Interior, Tasnim Ahmad Qureshi, told reporters. "All these
matters are being concluded and we are proceeding towards the final stage of it," he said. The
minister said Pakistan's findings in its probe into the Mumbai attacks were likely to be made
public within a week. A team of the Federal Investigation Agency (FIA) has submitted its
preliminary probe report regarding the Mumbai attacks, Qureshi said. "The report would soon be
made public at a suitable time, possibly within a week," he said. Top Pakistani leaders have said
the Law, Interior and Foreign Ministries were currently vetting the report submitted by a three-
member team of the FIA. Pakistan's High Commissioner to India, Shahid Malik, has already
arrived in Islamabad for consultations on finalizing the country's response to the Indian dossier on
the Mumbai attacks. In New Delhi, Pakistan's Deputy High Commissioner Rifat Masood met Joint
Secretary, Pakistan, Ministry of External Affairs, TCA Raghavan. (cont)
Source: PTI
http://www.ndtv.com/convergence/ndtv/mumbaiterrorstrike/Story.aspx?ID=NEWEN20090082397
&type=News

India Again Terms Pakistan 'Epicenter' Of Global Terror
New Delhi: India Tuesday once again termed Pakistan the 'epicenter' of global terrorism and
urged it to act with 'sincerity and decisiveness' against the perpetrators of the Mumbai carnage.
"Pakistan has become the epicenter of international terrorism," Defense Minister A.K. Antony
declared while inaugurating the 11th Asian Security Conference at the Institute of Defense
Studies and Analyses (IDSA) here. Noting that the positive gains of the past few years had been
"destroyed" by the "dastardly" Mumbai attack, the minister said: "That major attacks of large
magnitude can be planned and executed by elements in Pakistan totally undermines the solemn
commitments to us made by its leadership that territory in its control would not be permitted to be
used for terrorism." Thus, Antony maintained, the onus was now on Pakistan "to act with sincerity
and decisiveness against the perpetrators and controllers of such attacks". "It is in the interest of
this region and the rest of the world that such perpetrators of wanton violence are brought to
justice and the infrastructure of terror is eliminated." The world community too had a role to play
since the "Frankenstein" of terrorism had become a threat to democracy, stability and peace in
Afghanistan and to Pakistan itself, Antony maintained. "The international community needs to act
decisively and in concert to get rid of this scourge," Antony contended, adding, "We sincerely
hope this approach would be the way ahead." "As a victim of terrorism, we must remain
committed to safeguarding the lives of our nationals and taking all the necessary steps to
enhance and safeguard our security." (cont)
Source: IANS
http://www.newkerala.com/topstory-fullnews-86088.html

India Still Awaiting Word From Pakistan On Mumbai Terror Probe
India's patience with Pakistan appears to be wearing thin. More than two months after the terror
attack on Mumbai, Indian officials are expressing frustration that they have yet to hear any official
communication from Islamabad regarding Pakistan's investigation of domestic links to the attack.
Indian government officials are lamenting the lack of a formal response from Pakistan since the
Mumbai terror attack, at the end of last November. External Affairs Minister Pranab Mukherjee
tells reporters there has been no formal word from the Pakistanis since India handed over its
information to Islamabad for action, January 5. "They told [informed] us after they received the
materials from us and thereafter we have not received any official communication about the
progress," he said. During a speech to regional security experts Tuesday in the Indian capital,
Defense Minister A.K. Antony termed terror emerging from Pakistan "a Frankenstein" [monster]
that needs to be confronted decisively by the international community. He also called on
Islamabad to respond to India's dossier about the Mumbai terror attack. "The positive gains of the
past years have been destroyed by the dastardly attack on Mumbai," he said. "The onus now is
on the government of Pakistan to act with sincerity." Antony accuses Pakistan of becoming an
"epicenter of international terrorism." Relations between nuclear-armed neighbors, India and
Pakistan, who have fought each other in several wars, had gradually thawed in recent years.
(cont)
Source: BBC; Steve Herman
http://www.voanews.com/english/2009-02-03-voa11.cfm

Pak Says Mumbai Strikes Plotted Outside, Agencies Not Involved
Islamabad -- Pakistan today said the findings of its probe into the Mumbai attack may be made
public within a week as it insisted that its agencies were not involved in the carnage and the terror
strikes were plotted outside its territory. "We have been saying that Pakistan government is not
involved in this (Mumbai attacks). We have also been saying that this (plot) was not put together
in Pakistan," Minister of State for Interior, Tasnim Ahmad Qureshi, told reporters. "All these
matters are being concluded and we are proceeding towards the final stage of it," he said. The
minister said Pakistan's findings in its probe into the Mumbai attacks were likely to be made
public within a week. A team of the Federal Investigation Agency (FIA) has submitted its
preliminary probe report regarding the Mumbai attacks, Qureshi said. "The report would soon be
made public at a suitable time, possibly within a week," he said. Top Pakistani leaders have said
the Law, Interior and Foreign Ministries were currently vetting the report submitted by a three-
member team of the FIA. Pakistan's High Commissioner to India, Shahid Malik, has already
arrived here for consultations on finalizing the country's response to the Indian dossier on the
Mumbai attacks. In New Delhi, Pakistan's Deputy High Commissioner Rifat Masood met Joint
Secretary, Pakistan, Ministry of External Affairs, TCA Raghavan. Sources said it was a "routine
meeting and it had noting to do with the dossier issue."
Source: PTI
http://www.ptinews.com/pti%5Cptisite.nsf/0/A559B5D5A0EDF9826525755200565D8C?OpenDoc
ument

Pakistan Briefs Envoy To India On Mumbai Probe; Could Charge 125
Islamabad/New Delhi: Pakistan Tuesday briefed its envoy to New Delhi on its probe into the
Mumbai carnage amid reports that it could charge 125 lower-rung suspects but let the top guns
off. On its part, India reiterated that it was yet to officially hear from Islamabad on its Mumbai
probe - and that Pakistan was the "epicenter" of global terrorism. Envoy to India Shahid Malik
"was called to Islamabad for holding important consultation with the officials of the foreign and
interior ministries in connection with the Mumbai attacks," The News said Tuesday, quoting
foreign office sources. "Pakistan raised certain questions before Indian officials in connection with
Mumbai attacks and now the Indian government has provided answers to the same," it added.
Malik was called to Islamabad for "reviewing the Indian replies and holding consultation", The
News said, adding: "The documents that Pakistan would prepare in the light of the Indian
information would be handed over to Indian High Commissioner in Islamabad Satyaprata Pal."
India has blamed the Pakistan-based Lashkar-e-Taiba for the Nov 26-29, 2008, Mumbai mayhem
that claimed the lives of more than 170 people, including 26 foreign nationals, and left more than
300 injured. India Jan 5 submitted a detailed dossier to Pakistan pointing to the involvement of
elements from that country in the Mumbai attacks. Pakistani Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani
said Sunday the Federal Investigation Agency has examined the dossier and has submitted a
report that would soon be shared with India through diplomatic channels. (Cont)
Source: IANS
http://www.newkerala.com/topstory-fullnews-86397.html

Pakistan Wants To Normalize Ties With India: FM Qureshi
Foreign Minister Shah Mahmood Qureshi said Pakistan wants normal relationship with India.
Talking to media persons at airport, foreign minister said Pakistan having firm stance that
Kashmir issue is a part of composite dialogue. He termed the visit of special representative of US
president Richard Holbrooke as vital and said economic situation of Pakistan and war on terror
would be discussed with him.
Source: The Nation
http://www.nation.com.pk/pakistan-news-newspaper-daily-english-online/Politics/03-Feb-
2009/Pakistan-wants-to-normalise-ties-with-India-FM-Qureshi
Pranab Contradicts NSA, Says Pak Yet To Respond Officially
EW DELHI: Contradicting National Security Advisor M K Narayanan's claim that Islamabad has
reverted on Mumbai attacks dossier, external affairs minister Pranab Mukherjee on Tuesday
asserted that India is yet to receive any official response from Pakistan. "That he (Narayanan)
has said in his own way. The fact of the matter is that after they (Pakistan) received material from
us, we have not received any official communication about the progress of investigation
conducted by them," Mukherjee told reporters here when referred to the NSA's comments.
Narayanan had in a TV interview two days back claimed that Pakistan had reverted on the
Mumbai attacks dossier, asking questions to which answers were being given. "What I am aware
of is that after the receipt of the dossier by Pakistan, the Pakistan government has reverted to us
and asked number of questions to which answers are being provided.... I presume they are yet to
receive replies to the second set of queries they have made," the NSA had said. Mukherjee,
however, emphasized, "As I stated earlier, we are awaiting official information" from Pakistan. On
Pakistan barring its cricketers from playing in the Indian Premier League (IPL), Mukherjee said "it
is for them (to decide). I do not bring politics in cricket. Sometimes, we also cancel trips."
Pakistan yesterday barred its cricketers from playing in the high-profile tournament, saying it
would be unsafe for the players to travel to India in view of the tense relations between the two
countries. (Cont)
Source: PTI
http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/India/Pranab_contradicts_NSA_says_Pak_yet_to_respond_offi
cially/articleshow/4069311.cms

Report On Mumbai Attacks To Be Made Public Soon: Tasnim
ISLAMABAD: Minister of State for Interior Tasnim Ahmad Qureshi Tuesday said the Federal
Investigation Agency (FIA) has submitted its preliminary investigation report regarding the alleged
involvement of a Pakistani national in Mumbai attacks. ―The report would soon be made public at
a suitable time, possibly within a week,‖ he told media during his visit to National Police
Foundation here. In order to address the grievance of the people, Qureshi said, a Complaint Cell
has been set up at Ministry of Interior on the special directives of President and Prime Minister.
He said the cell would start functioning from February 4 (Wednesday) under his supervision,
while immediate action would be taken on the complaints. Responding to a question the Minister
denied closure of Pak-Afghan Border in Chamman, adding steps are being taken to regularize the
cross border movement. Qureshi said the government has adopted a three pronged strategy
including dialogue, development and deterrence on Swat issue. The Minister of State further
added that a meeting of IGPs would soon be summoned to review the overall situation with
reference to improvement in the performance of Police department.
Source: APP
http://www.app.com.pk/en_/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=66933&Itemid=1

India And IAEA Sign Nuclear Inspections Deal
India has signed a pact allowing UN inspections of its civilian nuclear plants. IAEA Director
General Mohamed ElBaradei and India's representative Saurabh Kumar signed the deal in
Vienna on Monday. India will be required to make 14 of its 22 civilian nuclear reactors, including
ones to be built, subject to regular inspections by 2014. India, a nuclear power since 1974, has
refused to sign the Non-Proliferation Treaty, or the NPT, prompting an international ban on
nuclear trade with India. But the 45-nation Nuclear Suppliers Group, consisting countries that
have nuclear materials or technologies, agreed in September to lift the ban. The move comes
after India and the United States signed a landmark accord on nuclear power generation two
years ago. Russia and France are also seeking nuclear business with India. Our reporter says
that only civilian nuclear reactors will be inspected and that nuclear cooperation with India has
been criticized.
Source: NHK
http://www.nhk.or.jp/daily/english/03_05.html
India Looks To Pick Up Sri Lankan Pieces
BANGALORE - With the final phase of the war between the Sri Lankan government and the
Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) nearing its end, India appears to be preparing to play a
major role in Sri Lanka. It is hoping to not only push Colombo to reach a political settlement with
the Tamils, but also to lead the way in reconstruction of the war-torn northeast. "The war
between the lion [the Sinhalese majority in Sri Lanka] and the tiger [the LTTE] is nearing its end,
and the elephant [India] is asserting itself," a retired Indian diplomat, who had served in Sri
Lanka, told Asia Times Online. Last week, India's External Affairs Minister Pranab Mukherjee
was in Colombo expressing India's "readiness to participate in the reconstruction of northern Sri
Lanka" and nudging the Sri Lankan government to follow up its military victories over the LTTE
with a political settlement of the conflict. A press release issued by Sri Lanka's Presidential
Secretariat said India would "work together with Sri Lanka on a reconstruction plan for these
areas", involving the development of infrastructure and other support. The statement went on to
say that Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapakse had told Mukherjee that he would "move as
quickly as possible to implement the 13th amendment to the Sri Lankan constitution". A brainchild
of India, this amendment came in the wake of the India-Sri Lanka Agreement of 1987 and sought
to devolve power through provincial councils throughout Sri Lanka. (Cont)
Source: Asia Times, Sudha Ramachandran
http://www.atimes.com/atimes/South_Asia/KB04Df02.html

Defense Minister In India To Strengthen Military Ties
New Delhi: To further strengthen relationships between India and Maldives, Maldivian Defense
and National Security Minister Ameen Faisal on Tuesday reached New Delhi to hold talks on
military ties. During the visit, Faisal is expected to hold discussions with the top political and
military leadership of the country to facilitate policies of the new government in Maldives and
strengthen military ties between the two countries, Defense Ministry officials said. Faisal is
expected to meet Defense Minister A K Antony, External Affairs Minister Pranab Mukherjee,
Home Minister P Chidambaram and National Security Advisor M K Narayanan along with the
three services chiefs. He is accompanied by senior Maldivian National Defense and Police
officers. India has shared very strong military ties with Maldives. Indian armed forces thwarted an
attempt by Tamil terrorists in 1987-88 to capture Maldives. Recently, Indian armed forces have
helped Maldives to enhance and build its capabilities as a partner in the Indian Ocean Naval
Symposium (IONS). Indian Navy helps it to carry out surveillance near its maritime boundaries
and survey its areas. India had also gifted a Fast Attack Craft 'Tilanchang' to Maldivian maritime
forces. Indian navy also provides technical assistance for the upkeep and the maintenance of its
vessels.
Source: Zee News
http://www.zeenews.com/southasia/2009-02-03/504355news.html

Mauritian Delegation Holds Talks With Navy Officials
New Delhi: To increase cooperation in the field of hydrography with India, a Mauritian delegation
has held discussions with Navy officials at South Block here. A four-member team led by
Mauritian Permanent Secretary Asha Devi Burrenchobey is on a nine-day visit to India to
participate in the fourth meeting of Joint Committee on Hydrography, Defense Ministry officials
said today. The Mauritian team will now proceed to Dehradun for further talks with Chief Hydro
Rear Admiral B R Rao where they will discuss various issues such as hydrographic survey
requirements for 2009, Indian assistance to Mauritus for setting up Hydrographic Infrastructure,
finalizing protocol on sale of navigational charts at Mauritius and production of ENC. India and
Mauritius signed an MoU on hydrographic cooperation in 2005 during Mauritian Prime Minister's
visit to India. A joint committee on hydrography with members from both countries meets every
year for planning, coordinating, monitoring, reviewing and facilitating cooperation. In last three
years, Indian Navy survey ships have completed many surveys and important charts have been
published and handed over to Mauritius. India has been providing on-job training to Mauritian
personnel by embarking them on board Naval ships. The continental surveys on some areas
helped the Mauritian government forward its continental shelf claim along with Seychelles,
officials said.
Source: Zee News
http://www.zeenews.com/nation/2009-02-03/504379news.html

INDONESIA

Burmese Boat People Found Drifting Off Indonesia
The Indonesian navy says a wooden boat with around 200 Burmese people aboard has been
found floating off the east coast of Sumatra. The boat was found by fishermen and is believed to
be the last remaining vessel of an initial flotilla of eight or nine wooden boats. A local navy official
in Aceh province says the Burmese passengers reported that 22 people had died at sea during
their three week journey. Around 20 of the 198 Burmese are in a critical condition in hospital, said
a local official, Abdul Munir. "They used boats with no engines and their condition was pitiful,"
said Munir, adding the men said they had thrown overboard the corpses of their comrades. (cont)
Source: Radio Australia
http://www.radioaustralianews.net.au/stories/200902/2481472.htm?desktop

Indonesian Navy Rescues 198 Rohingya Near Aceh
The Indonesian navy rescued 198 Rohingya boat people off the coast of Aceh on Monday, nearly
three weeks after they were reportedly set adrift in the open sea by the Thai navy, and less than a
month after a similar incident provoked an international outcry over Thailand‘s treatment of
refugees. According to reports from Indonesia, a local fisherman discovered the starving and
dehydrated Rohingya men in an engineless boat drifting off the coast of the island of Sumatra on
Monday afternoon. They told rescuers they had been towed out to sea by the Thai navy. At least
56 of the survivors, including a 13-year-old boy, were admitted to the Idirayeuk General Hospital
in Aceh province with severe dehydration. Other survivors said that they had had nothing to eat or
drink for seven days and that 22 of them had died at sea. On January 7, 193 Rohingya were
rescued by the Indonesian navy after they washed up near Aceh, on the northern tip of Sumatra.
Indonesian authorities have refused to offer asylum to any of this first group of boat people,
saying that they are economic migrants and not refugees fleeing persecution. (cont)
Source: The Irrawaddy
http://www.irrawaddy.org/article.php?art_id=15051

Clinton Expected To Visit Indonesia This Month
Hillary Clinton is expected to visit Indonesia next month as part of her maiden trip as U.S.
secretary of state, diplomats said. According to Reuters, the diplomats said Clinton's visit to
Indonesia, the world's most populous Muslim nation, during her Asia trip would fit with President
Obama's efforts to restore U.S. relations with the Muslim world. Obama, who spent part of his
childhood in Indonesia, said in his inaugural address he sought a new way forward with the
Muslim world "based on mutual interest and mutual respect." The diplomats, who spoke on
condition they not be identified because the State Department has yet to announce the trip,
cautioned that Clinton's schedule could change, but mentioned that China, Japan and South
Korea were also on Clinton's travel agenda. The stalled multilateral effort to rein in North Korea's
nuclear ambitions is likely to be a major feature of Clinton's talks in the region, as is the global
financial crisis. (cont)
Source: Jakarta Post
http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2009/02/03/clinton-expected-visit-indonesia-month.html

Coffin-Wielding Mob Beats Indonesia Lawmaker To Death
An Indonesian provincial speaker died after he was beaten by a mob which stormed the local
parliament building carrying a coffin. The protesters blamed North Sumatra provincial speaker,
Azis Angkat, for delays in the creation of a new province, which had been approved recently by
five local districts. "If it isn't signed we'll put Azis in this coffin," one of protesters shouted before
the mob broke into the provincial parliament, where the speaker was meeting with other
lawmakers. They smashed the entrance and windows of the building and rushed to the first-floor
meeting room carrying the wooden coffin, an AFP correspondent witnessed. Angkat, from the
Golkar party, tried to flee but he was caught and severely beaten before police could intervene.
He died later in hospital of a heart attack, according to doctors.
Source: Radio Australia
http://www.radioaustralianews.net.au/stories/200902/2481604.htm?desktop

Ex-Generals Rebuke SBY For Remark
A recent allegation made by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of bias within the Army's elite
has angered scores of former generals. Last week, the President said there was a movement
inside the Army (TNI) to vote against a presidential candidate whose name began with "S". It
remains unclear whether the President was referring to himself, but many officers and observers
believe there is no doubt that he was. The former generals accused the President on Monday of
driving a wedge into the Army by raising suspicions among officers, and demoralizing soldiers
with the remark. "The accusation will cause officers inside the Army to suspect one another,"
former Army chief of staff Gen. (ret) Tyasno Sudarto said. (cont)
Source: Jakarta Post
http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2009/02/03/exgenerals-rebuke-sby-remark.html

Garuda Contingent Receives Courtesy Call from UNIFIL Force Commander
Adshit al Qusayr – Indonesia Garuda Contingent XXIII-C Task Force Commander Lieutenant
Colonel R. Haryono and Sector East Commander Brigadier General Alberto Cuevas received a
courtesy call from UNIFIL Force Commander Major General Claudio Graziano at UN POSN 7-1
in Adshit al Qusayr on Friday (1/30). The visit was to see firsthand the condition of the Indonesian
battalion. General Cuevas also visited C Company headquarters at UN POSN 9-2 and one of
Static Point at Az Ziqqiyah. The visit was the first visit to Garuda Contingent XXIII-C who has
                                            rd
been in south Lebanon since December 3 2008.
Source: Indonesian Army, Translated by Virtual Information Center
http://www.tniad.mil.id/1berita.php?pil=53&dn=20090202080314

Global Crisis Cuts Massive Chunk From Export Figures
The country is getting pummeled by the global economic meltdown, with December exports
plunging 20 percent from a year earlier as overseas demand shrinks. December exports were
also down 9.97 percent from the previous month, the Central Statistics Agency (BPS) said
Monday. The decline in monthly and yearly figures overshadow a 20 percent rise in full-year
exports from 2007, with exports continuing to take a beating in the last three months of the year,
just as the global financial crisis began unfolding. With the downturn slashing demand and
contributing further to the already plummeting prices of key global commodities, Indonesia‘s
exports decreased by 9.57 percent to US$8.7 billion in December, from $9.6 billion in the
previous month. Non-oil and gas exports, which constituted almost 80 percent of total exports,
were down by8.84 percent to $7.45 billion. The year-on-year figures show a larger decrease in
non-oil and gas exports of 11.59 percent. (cont)
Source: Jakarta Post
http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2009/02/03/global-crisis-cuts-massive-chunk-export-
figures.html

Heavy Rain Grinds Capital To A Halt
Heavy rain that fell through the night Sunday inundated Jakarta's streets and brought Monday
morning rush-hour traffic to a stand still, as superstitious residents began to prepare for a repeat
of the flood that submerged most of the city on this day in 2007. The Jakarta Police's Traffic
Management Center reported overflowing sewers and heavy rain had caused gridlock at Arion
intersection, Jl. Pramuka, and Kayu Putih in East Jakarta on Monday morning. It also reported
that Jl. Perintis Kemerdekaan in East Jakarta, Jl. Kapuk Raya, Jl. Teluk Gong, Jl. Kamal Raya
and Jl. Boulevard Raya Kelapa Gading, all in North Jakarta, were submerged in 10 to 40
centimeters of water. The city administration's crisis center reported the same level of water had
flooded several main roads, including Jl. Pangeran Jayakarta and Jl. Sudirman in Central Jakarta
and Jl. Latumenten and Jl. Arjuna in West Jakarta. Forecasters say the worst has yet to come.
The Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics Agency forecast Jakarta would suffer major
flooding early this month. However, the floods ―would not be as far-reaching as the floods of 2002
and 2007,‖ said Soetamto, an official at the agency. (cont)
Source: Jakarta Post
http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2009/02/03/heavy-rain-grinds-capital-a-halt.html

Marines and UNP ROTC Conducts Joint Training
Padang – Padang Navy Main Base Commander Colonel Purwo Siswoko accompanied by
Padang Marine Battalion Commander Major I Made Sukada opened the joint training between 32
ROTC students from Padang Maha Bhakti University and Padang Marine Battalion at Polair
Bungus Harbor, West Sumatra on Friday (1/29). The two days disaster relief training covers
materials on Sea Survival, First Aid and Hypothermia
Source: Indonesia National Defense Forces, Translated by Virtual Information Center
http://www.tni.mil.id/news.php?q=dtl&id=113012006121113

Military Medical Students Visit Halim Perdanakusuma Airbase
Jakarta – Twenty seven second lieutenants from Officer Occupational Specialty Course in
Medical of the 504th Training Squadron visit Halim Perdanakusuma Airbase on Monday (2/2) to
find out more about the Air squadron operation. The envoy was led by the 504 th Training
Squadron Commander Major Ikin Taskikin.
Source: Indonesia National Defense Forces, Translated by Virtual Information Center
http://www.tni.mil.id/news.php?q=dtl&id=113012006121119

More House Politicians Confess To Receiving Bribes
The House of Representatives' much tarnished reputation took another trip through the mud
Monday when three legislators admitted they accepted bribes in a forest conversion case that
also implicates lawmaker Yusuf Erwin Faishal. Fachri Andi Leluasa, Hilman Indra and Sujud
Sirajduddin, all members of the House Commission IV overseeing forestry and agriculture, told
the Corruption Court they had received up to Rp 375 million (US$32,600) from Yusuf in payment
for their approving a request by the South Sumatra provincial government to convert 600
hectares of a protected mangrove forest in Pantai Air Telang in Banyuasin into Tanjung Api-api
seaport last year. Yusuf, then Commission chairman, is also charged with extorting a company to
win a project to overhaul an integrated radio communications system at the Forestry Ministry. The
three witnesses said they had also received cash in Singaporean dollar denominations in
connection with the project. (cont)
Source: Jakarta Post
http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2009/02/03/more-house-politicians-confess-receiving-
bribes.html

TNI Commander Receives Courtesy Call from Philippines Armed Forces Commander
Jakarta – TNI (Indonesia National Defense Forces) Commander General Djoko Santoso received
a courtesy call from Philippines Armed Forces Commander General Alexander Yano at TNI
headquarters in Cilangkap, Jakarta on Monday (2/2). General Santoso was accompanied by
Navy Chief of Staff, Air Force Chief of Staff, Deputy Army Chief of Staff and Assistant of
Intelligence. Whereas General Yano was accompanied by Major General Daniel Casabar,
Captain Ricardo Garcia, Colonel Aminkadra Undug and Major Davice Mercado.
Source: Indonesia National Defense Forces, Translated by Virtual Information Center
http://www.tni.mil.id/news.php?q=dtl&id=113012006121121

S'pore, Indonesia Working Out Details Of Border Agreement Signing Ceremony
SINGAPORE: Singapore is pleased that it has been able to resolve its long-standing maritime
border dispute with Indonesia. A brief statement from Singapore's Foreign Affairs Ministry says
details of the signing ceremony are being worked out. Both sides had recently reached an
agreement over their maritime boundary in the western segment of the Singapore Strait, after
over three years of negotiations. It involves the area around Indonesia's Nipah Island, in the Riau
Islands, nearest to Singapore. Indonesia's President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono said on
Monday that the settlement will ensure Indonesia's economic development in the area and
ensure economic cooperation with Singapore and Malaysia, which also shares a maritime border
in the Riau Islands.
Source: CNA
http://www.channelnewsasia.com/stories/singaporelocalnews/view/406628/1/.html

LAOS

Unexploded Bombs Still Taking Toll in Laos
More than three decades after the end of the Indochina conflict, millions of unexploded bombs,
shells and mines remain scattered throughout Laos. Hundreds of people are killed or injured by
unexploded ordinance, known as UXO, every year. Laos was the site of heavy aerial bombing
and concentrated ground fighting, during the Indochina conflict, from 1964 through 1973. Fighting
took place mainly over the eastern side of the country, bordering Vietnam, which hosted part of
the wartime supply route to South Vietnam. More than two-million tons of bombs were dropped
on Laos during the war, making it the most heavily bombed country in history, on a per-capita
basis. Thirty-five years after the end of the war, much of the country remains heavily
contaminated by unexploded ordinance, says Jo Pereira, director of aid group COPE. "In certain
areas, the bombing is [was] just incredible. There are parts of Laos where there is literally no free-
space. There are no areas that have not been bombed," said Pereira. "And, when you are in the
villages now, you still see the evidence of that. You still see bomb craters. You still see an
unbelievable amount of metal and wreckage and unexploded ordinance just lying around in
villages and it's still injuring and killing people today." Cluster bombs, or "bombies" as they are
known locally, are the most commonly found UXO in Laos. (Cont)
Source: VOA
http://www.voanews.com/english/2009-02-02-voa34.cfm

MALAYSIA

HM's Sabah Visit Begins Today
Kota Kinabalu - His Majesty Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Mu'izzaddin Waddaulah, the Sultan
and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam, is expected to begin his three-day official visit to
Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, and today. His Majesty will be arriving at the Kota Kinabalu International
Airport, before attending a country development briefing in the afternoon at the Menara Tun
Mustapha. The monarch is also expected to meet Datuk Musa Hj Aman, the chief minister of
Sabah. The first day of His Majesty's visit will conclude with a banquet at the Dewan Undangan
Negeri Sabah. His Majesty is also scheduled to visit the Teluk Sepanggar Royal Malaysian Navy
Base on the second day of his visit, before boarding a flight to Sandakan in the afternoon. A get-
together dinner with the Sandakan community will also be one of the agendas in His Majesty's
itinerary. In addition, Her Majesty Raja Isteri Pengiran Anak Hajah Saleha and Her Royal
Highness Pengiran Isteri Azrinaz Mazhar, are expected to meet and greet children from the
welfare home at Hotel Pacific, Sutera Harbour. Before concluding the official visit on Thursday,
His Majesty will be visiting the Rainforest Discovery Centre RDC at Sepilok. The Rainforest
Discovery Centre, which was officiated aw Malaysian Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmed Budawi in
August 2007, has a forest biology interpretation centre with exhibitions of posters and preserved
fauna and flora. The centre also has a Inapt discovery centre housing various plants, herbs and
orchids with well-designed pathways and trekking paths. (cont)
Source: The Brunei Times
http://www.bt.com.bn/en/home_news/2009/02/03/hms_sabah_visit_begins_today
Malaysian Economy Left To Drift
PENANG - The Malaysian peninsula's second-largest state of Perak is known here as darul
ridzuan, or the land of grace. But there's little grace in the state's politics these days as it turns
into the country's latest political battleground. The opposition People's Alliance (PA), which rules
the state with a slim majority, is bidding to ward off a challenge from the central government's
ruling coalition, the Barisan Nasional (BN), which is seeking to wrest back control of the state.
Much is at stake as deputy premier Najib Razak attempts to bolster his credentials ahead of a
power transition, in which he is due next month to take over from Prime Minister Abdullah
Badawi. The BN has suffered two morale-sapping parliamentary by-election defeats after a
general election setback last March. In both instances, Najib spearheaded the election
campaigns, one last August and one this January, and ended up on the losing side. Perak was
one five states to fall to the PA at last year's general elections, but its wafer-thin majority could be
overturned if the BN succeeds in enticing assembly workers to its side. The political stakes are
high and analysts say Najib needs something to show his restless party members at the
upcoming general assembly of the dominant United Malays National Organization after recent
demoralizing electoral losses. The bigger danger to the country is that the political battles risk
diverting attention away from the sliding economy, which is clearly losing steam as latest official
statistics indicate. (Cont)
Source: Asia Times, Anil Netto
http://www.atimes.com/atimes/Southeast_Asia/KB04Ae01.html

Malaysian Election Authority Intervenes In State Defection Dispute
Malaysia's Election Commission on Tuesday rejected the opposition's bid to force the resignation
of two of its own state lawmakers who are rumored to be defecting to the government. The
northern state of Perak has been gripped by political intrigue that threatens to disrupt the delicate
balance of power in the state assembly, narrowly controlled by the Pakatan Rakyat opposition
alliance. The alliance had presented resignation letters from two of its legislators who were
widely believed to be planning to defect, setting the stage for by-elections which would have been
seen as a test of the national mood. But the Perak lawmakers - Mohd Osman Jailu and
Jamaluddin Mohd Radzi - said the letters were undated documents they were required to sign
when they were elected in March last year, and insisted they wanted to remain in the state
assembly. Election Commission (EC) chief Abdul Aziz Mohammad Yusof overruled the state
speaker's decision to declare the seats vacant. "As a result the EC declares in its special
meeting today that the two assemblymen still hold the seats as decided under the 12th general
election," he told a press conference. Opposition veteran Lim Kit Siang slammed the authority's
decision, saying any ruling over the resignation of the pair should have been made by the courts.
(cont)
Source: AFP
http://www.channelnewsasia.com/stories/afp_asiapacific/view/406587/1/.html

Malaysian Government Says Forest Reserve 'Plundered' For Oil Palm Development
Responding to allegations by the Human Rights Commission of Malaysia (Suhakam) that
indigenous people have been forced from their lands (a charge it denied), the Sabah Forestry
Department said that more than 30 percent of Mt. Pock And Tanjong Nagos Forest Reserves
were "plundered" by "people with means to plant illegal oil palm including companies" up until
2001. The statement is noteworthy in that leaders of the Malaysian Palm Oil Council, the
marketing and lobbying arm of the Malaysian palm oil industry, have maintained that oil
expansion has not taken place at the expense of natural forest in Malaysia. The Forestry
Department statement noted that oil palm companies spent million of ringgit "to develop the illegal
oil palm including the recruitment of illegal workers to destroy forests and intimidate Forestry
Department staff on the ground." It said that 202 people were arrested in the reserves between
2003 and 2006. Statewide, 732 were apprehended for illegal encroachment. 471 of these were
illegal immigrants. (cont)
Source: Mongabay
http://news.mongabay.com/2009/0203-sabah_oil_palm.html
MALDIVES

Defense Minister In India To Strengthen Military Ties
New Delhi: To further strengthen relationships between India and Maldives, Maldivian Defense
and National Security Minister Ameen Faisal on Tuesday reached New Delhi to hold talks on
military ties. During the visit, Faisal is expected to hold discussions with the top political and
military leadership of the country to facilitate policies of the new government in Maldives and
strengthen military ties between the two countries, Defense Ministry officials said. Faisal is
expected to meet Defense Minister A K Antony, External Affairs Minister Pranab Mukherjee,
Home Minister P Chidambaram and National Security Advisor M K Narayanan along with the
three services chiefs. He is accompanied by senior Maldivian National Defense and Police
officers. India has shared very strong military ties with Maldives. Indian armed forces thwarted an
attempt by Tamil terrorists in 1987-88 to capture Maldives. Recently, Indian armed forces have
helped Maldives to enhance and build its capabilities as a partner in the Indian Ocean Naval
Symposium (IONS). Indian Navy helps it to carry out surveillance near its maritime boundaries
and survey its areas. India had also gifted a Fast Attack Craft 'Tilanchang' to Maldivian maritime
forces. Indian navy also provides technical assistance for the upkeep and the maintenance of its
vessels.
Source: Zee News
http://www.zeenews.com/southasia/2009-02-03/504355news.html

President To Visit Italy To Attract More Tourists
President Mohamed Nasheed has announced that he will be visiting Italy on the 14 th of this
month and that the visit is aimed at increasing the number of Italians tourists arriving Maldives.
President said the target is to bring in an additional 5000 Italian tourists this year. President
Nasheed made the announcement speaking at a press conference held at the President‘s Office
on Monday. Speaking at the press conference President said world tourism industry has slowed
down and that he believed Maldives tourism will be exceptionally slow during June and July this
year. He said he will be working to bring in more Italians during this period to offset the losses. He
noted that tourists initially came to Maldives from clubs and that most Italians came from clubs
like Vacanze and Valtur. He said clubs like these used to sell Maldives at attractive prices and
that prices went up as a direct of the increase in the lease rent of the resort islands. He further
said such high prices have caused difficulties for clubs to bring in regular tourists to Maldives.
President said during the period when Maldives were marketed at low prices, number of Italians
tourists was considerable and that it declined by some 20 percent when the government
increased rental charges of the resorts. (Cont)
Source: Miadhu News
http://miadhu.com.mv/news.php?id=9182

MAURITIUS

Mauritian Delegation Holds Talks With Navy Officials
New Delhi: To increase cooperation in the field of hydrography with India, a Mauritian delegation
has held discussions with Navy officials at South Block here. A four-member team led by
Mauritian Permanent Secretary Asha Devi Burrenchobey is on a nine-day visit to India to
participate in the fourth meeting of Joint Committee on Hydrography, Defense Ministry officials
said today. The Mauritian team will now proceed to Dehradun for further talks with Chief Hydro
Rear Admiral B R Rao where they will discuss various issues such as hydrographic survey
requirements for 2009, Indian assistance to Mauritus for setting up Hydrographic Infrastructure,
finalizing protocol on sale of navigational charts at Mauritius and production of ENC. India and
Mauritius signed an MoU on hydrographic cooperation in 2005 during Mauritian Prime Minister's
visit to India. A joint committee on hydrography with members from both countries meets every
year for planning, coordinating, monitoring, reviewing and facilitating cooperation. In last three
years, Indian Navy survey ships have completed many surveys and important charts have been
published and handed over to Mauritius. India has been providing on-job training to Mauritian
personnel by embarking them on board Naval ships. The continental surveys on some areas
helped the Mauritian government forward its continental shelf claim along with Seychelles,
officials said.
Source: Zee News
http://www.zeenews.com/nation/2009-02-03/504379news.html

NEPAL

Dowry Killing Mocks Nepal PM’s Resolve
Kathmandu -- He led a 10-year guerrilla war against the government and succeeded in ending
Nepal‘s centuries-old institution of monarchy. But Nepal‘s first Maoist Prime Minister Pushpa
Kamal Dahal Prachanda is facing a far more tougher challenge as he battles to eradicate social
evils that continue to flourish despite a newly declared ban. Almost 10 days after the former
revolutionary pledged to ban the system of dowry in Nepal, a killing has been reported from the
southern lowlands. An 18-year-old woman from Rajpur village in Kapilavastu district was
allegedly killed by her husband and father-in-law for failing to bring a wedding gift of NRS 50,000
from her parents, Nepal‘s state media reported Tuesday. Jhinki Kewat was found hanging at her
residence, the Gorkhapatra daily said. Her father Bhagwan Das Kewat has filed a complaint with
police, alleging that she was killed by her husband and his father over dowry demands. According
to the dead teen‘s father, she was married at the age of 14 due to the family‘s poor economic
condition. Since her marriage, she was mistreated by her husband and his family who had been
demanding money, the father told police. According to the complaint, the son-in-law, Ram
Bahadur Kewat, had sent Jhinki home last week, telling her to bring NRS 50,000 from her
parents, or else never return. ―I didn‘t have the money and persuaded her to go back,‖ the
weeping father told police. (cont)
Source: IANS
http://www.thaindian.com/newsportal/south-asia/dowry-killing-mocks-nepal-pms-
resolve_100150533.html

Nepal Prez Declines To Attend Maoist 'Army Day' Function
Nepal President Ram Baran Yadav has declined an invitation to attend a ceremony to mark the
14th anniversary of the‖ People‘s War" of the ruling Maoists, who had waged a decade-long
insurgency in the country. "We have already informed the Maoists that the President will not
attend the function," Yadav's Press Advisor Rajendra Dahal told media without specifying any
reason. The Maoists had launched their movement, which they call the‘ People‘s War', on
February 1996. The Communist insurgency claimed over 14,000 lives before the rebels returned
to the political mainstream in 2006 after signing a peace deal. Now in power in the Himlayan
nation, the party has announced that it would observe February 12, 2009 as the eighth
anniversary of the establishment of their‘ People‘s Liberation Army' and 14th anniversary of the‘
People‘s War' in Jhyaltung Danda of Nawalparasi district in western Nepal where their fourth
division headquarters is situated. Chief of the PLA Nanda Kishor Pasang and Deputy
Commander Chandra Prakash Khanal on Sunday went to the President's office to invite him to
attend the function as a chief guest. Prime Minister Prachanda, leaders of various political parties,
Nepal Army officials and Nepal police personnel will also be invited at the ceremony.
Source: Indopia
http://www.indopia.in/India-usa-uk-news/latest-news/493480/International/2/70/2

SAC to Quiz Defense Minister Over NA Recruitment Row
The parliamentary State Affairs Committee (SAC) has summoned Defense Minister Ram
Bahadur Thapa for explanation on the current row over the fresh recruitments in Nepal Army. A
meeting of the SAC on Tuesday decided to summon the Defense Minister for questioning on
February 11. The SAC's decision to quiz Defense Minister Thapa comes in the wake of rising
dispute among the political parties as well as between the Maoist minister and the NA top brass.
The NA has gone ahead with the recruitment process despite the Defense Minister's order to stop
it. Some political parties including ruling CPN (UML) and Madhesi Janadhikar Forum and the
main opposition Nepali Congress have thrown their weight behind the army's move while the
Maoists have accused the NA of not willing to remain under the command and control of civilian
government. Adding to the row, chief of the Maoist People's Liberation Army (PLA), Nanda Kishor
Pun 'Pasang', recently warned the PLA, too, would start recruiting combatants if the NA does not
stop its recruitments. Meanwhile, the SAC has also decided to question Deputy Prime Minister
and Home Minister Bam Dev Gautam over the poor security situation and growing threats to
journalists around the around, on February 11. The Home Minister is currently receiving treatment
in Thai capital Bangkok. (cont)
Source: Nepalnews.com
http://www.nepalnews.com/archive/2009/feb/feb03/news09.php

PAKISTAN

70 Militants, Four Civilians Killed In Swat
MINGORA: Security forces killed 70 militants during an operation in a village in the Charbagh
tehsil (sub-division) of the violence-ridden Swat Valley, officials said late Monday, according to
DawnNews TV. Security forces used heavy artillery against the militants after residents of the
area had been evacuated, officials said. Security forces claim to have to have established control
over the Charbagh area, which was previously a militant stronghold. A majority of the area‘s
45,000 residents had fled the area in the wake of increased militant activity and collateral damage
from army operations in the area. Forty civilians were reported to have been killed during fighting
in the area over the weekend. Four killed, four kidnapped in other incidents Four more people
were killed, four were kidnapped and residence of a local nazim was set on fire in restive Swat
valley on Monday. The helicopter gun ships pounded suspected militant hideouts in Akhund
Kalley of Kabal tehsil, as a result of which two civilians were killed. A rickshaw driver was shot
dead by unidentified miscreants and his vehicle was snatched. Separately, a bullet-ridden body
was recovered near fruit and vegetable market in Mingora bazaar. The body was identified as of
Sardar Ghani. The motive behind the killing was yet to be known. Four locals, identified as
Shamsul Islam, Iqbal Khan, Malak Suliman, and Abdullah were kidnapped by unknown armed
persons from Shamozi and shifted to undisclosed location. The abandoned house of union nazim
of Kala Kalley was torched by unknown miscreants late early on Monday.
Source: Dawn
http://beta.dawn.com/wps/wcm/connect/Dawn%20Content%20Library/dawn/news/pakistan/nwfp/
70-militants-killed-in-swat-operation-szh

Ban Ki-Moon To Visit Pakistan On Feb 4
ISLAMABAD: The UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon is visiting Pakistan on Wednesday (Feb
4). The Secretary General will meet the President and the Prime Minister. Pakistan attaches great
importance to the United Nations and highly values the visit by Secretary General Ban Ki-moon.
The Secretary General‘s visit provides a good opportunity to exchange views on global and
regional issues.
Source: APP
http://www.app.com.pk/en_/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=66960&Itemid=1

Militants In Pakistan Sever Afghan Supply Link
PESHAWAR, Pakistan - Suspected militants blew up a bridge in northwestern Pakistan's Khyber
Pass on Tuesday, cutting the main route for supplies bound for Western forces in Afghanistan,
Pakistani government officials said. Separately, a military spokesman said security forces killed at
least 35 Taliban insurgents and wounded many more in an attack on Monday night in the Swat
Valley, northeast of the Kyber Pass. Militants in northwestern Pakistan stepped up attacks on the
road through the Khyber Pass, a crucial route into land-locked Afghanistan, last year in an
attempt to deprive international forces fighting the Taliban of supplies trucked in from Pakistan.
The 30-metre (100-foot) iron bridge, 23 km west of the city of Peshawar, was blown up after
midnight and officials said all traffic along the route was suspended. "Militants blew up the bridge
and it's going to take some time to fix," said government official Rahat Gul. Guards are usually
posted on heights above bridges but it was not clear why they had been unable to stop the attack.
There are two routes through Pakistan into Afghanistan, one through the Khyber Pass to the
border town of Torkham. The other runs through Pakistan to the border town of Chaman and on
to the southern Afghan city of Kandahar. The U.S. Defense Department says the U.S. military
sends 75 percent of supplies for the Afghan war through or over Pakistan, including 40 percent of
the fuel for its troops. (cont)
Source: Reuters
http://in.reuters.com/article/southAsiaNews/idINIndia-37805120090203

Pakistani Police Hunt For Kidnapped U.N. Official
QUETTA, Pakistan - Pakistani police said on Tuesday they had rounded up about a dozen
people for questioning in the search for a senior U.N. refugee agency official abducted in the city
of Quetta. American John Solecki, head of the United Nations High Commission for Refugees
(UNHCR) office in the southwestern province of Baluchistan was abducted on Monday after
gunmen ambushed his vehicle and killed his driver. Attacks on foreign aid workers, company
employees and diplomats have increased in Pakistan over the past year, especially in areas near
the border with Afghanistan, where Taliban and al Qaeda militants are battling government
forces. Thousands of foreign company employees, aid workers and diplomats are based in
Pakistan. Few companies or aid groups have pulled out of the country, but most organizations
have restricted travel to dangerous areas. Senior Quetta police officer Wazir Khan Nasir said
about a dozen people with criminal links had been detained for questioning in the hope of
uncovering clues to Solecki's abductors and his whereabouts. "The difficulty is that no one has
claimed responsibility. We can't single out the Taliban. We're investigating, we're trying our best,"
Nasir told Reuters. Quetta is the capital of Baluchistan province, which borders Afghanistan and
Iran. Both Taliban and separatist Baluch militants operate in the province where the UNHCR is
helping Afghan refugees. Nasir said security forces set up checkpoints on routes out of the city
soon after the kidnapping and they had been searching vehicles but found nothing. (Cont)
Source: Reuters
http://in.reuters.com/article/southAsiaNews/idINIndia-37810420090203

Pakistan-Jordan Agree To Sign Free Trade Agreement
ISLAMABAD: Pakistan and Jordan have agreed to sign Free Trade Agreement (FTA) to deepen
their existing economic and trade relations. A Pakistan delegation will visit Jordan in March this
year to formally start negotiation to this effect. This reflects the strong desire of their respective
governments, bringing their economic ties at par with excellent diplomatic partnership. The two
countries are moving ahead on a fast track to broaden their multi-dimensional strategic
partnership, particularly in defense production and business sectors, said Ambassador of Jordan
Dr. Saleh Ahmad Al-Jawarneh who called on President Asif Ali Zardari here. He told APP that
President Zardari has accepted the invitation for participating in the meeting of World Economic
Forum (WEF), scheduled to take place in Jordan from May 15 to 17, and expressed his desire to
bringing their ties to a new height, meeting the common aspirations of their people. The invitation
was extended to him on behalf of King Abdullah bin Al-Hussain. The Ambassador said that WEF
moot will offer a fresh outlook at new economic opportunities and on the evolving political
challenges in the region. Terming, his meeting with President Zardari as highly productive and
cordial, the Ambassador said there is a strong will on the level of the present government to
consolidate its country‘s interaction with the Muslim world. (cont)
Source: APP
http://www.app.com.pk/en_/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=66926&Itemid=1

U.S. Working With Pakistan Against Terrorism: Clinton
WASHINGTON: US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton has said that US is working closely with
Pakistan to root out terrorism. Speaking to newsmen along with his British counterpart David
Miliband, she thanked Britain for its deployment of troops, particularly in Afghanistan, and praised
US-British cooperation in Pakistan. She said that US-British special relationship "really stands the
test of time," "Our two countries have stood side by side confronting global challenges for a very
long time," Clinton said standing next to Miliband, the first foreign minister she has met since
becoming secretary of state two weeks ago. "We share fundamental values and important
fundamental objectives," Clinton told reporters after their talks on Iran, Afghanistan, the Middle
East peace process, and the upcoming G-20 summit. Cooperation covers "the fight against
terrorism and combating the spread of weapons of mass destruction, working together to solve
the current global financial crisis and ensure the benefits of a renewed global economy are
spread widely," Clinton said.
Source: The News
http://thenews.jang.com.pk/updates.asp?id=67439

Days Before 26/11 Report, Pak Denies Any Terror Links
Pakistan on Tuesday said the findings of its probe into the Mumbai attack may be made public
within a week as it insisted that its agencies were not involved in the carnage and the terror
strikes were plotted outside its territory. "We have been saying that Pakistan government is not
involved in this (Mumbai attacks). We have also been saying that this (plot) was not put together
in Pakistan," Minister of State for Interior, Tasnim Ahmad Qureshi, told reporters. "All these
matters are being concluded and we are proceeding towards the final stage of it," he said. The
minister said Pakistan's findings in its probe into the Mumbai attacks were likely to be made
public within a week. A team of the Federal Investigation Agency (FIA) has submitted its
preliminary probe report regarding the Mumbai attacks, Qureshi said. "The report would soon be
made public at a suitable time, possibly within a week," he said. Top Pakistani leaders have said
the Law, Interior and Foreign Ministries were currently vetting the report submitted by a three-
member team of the FIA. Pakistan's High Commissioner to India, Shahid Malik, has already
arrived in Islamabad for consultations on finalizing the country's response to the Indian dossier on
the Mumbai attacks. In New Delhi, Pakistan's Deputy High Commissioner Rifat Masood met Joint
Secretary, Pakistan, Ministry of External Affairs, TCA Raghavan. (cont)
Source: PTI
http://www.ndtv.com/convergence/ndtv/mumbaiterrorstrike/Story.aspx?ID=NEWEN20090082397
&type=News

India Again Terms Pakistan 'Epicenter' Of Global Terror
New Delhi: India Tuesday once again termed Pakistan the 'epicenter' of global terrorism and
urged it to act with 'sincerity and decisiveness' against the perpetrators of the Mumbai carnage.
"Pakistan has become the epicenter of international terrorism," Defense Minister A.K. Antony
declared while inaugurating the 11th Asian Security Conference at the Institute of Defense
Studies and Analyses (IDSA) here. Noting that the positive gains of the past few years had been
"destroyed" by the "dastardly" Mumbai attack, the minister said: "That major attacks of large
magnitude can be planned and executed by elements in Pakistan totally undermines the solemn
commitments to us made by its leadership that territory in its control would not be permitted to be
used for terrorism." Thus, Antony maintained, the onus was now on Pakistan "to act with sincerity
and decisiveness against the perpetrators and controllers of such attacks". "It is in the interest of
this region and the rest of the world that such perpetrators of wanton violence are brought to
justice and the infrastructure of terror is eliminated." The world community too had a role to play
since the "Frankenstein" of terrorism had become a threat to democracy, stability and peace in
Afghanistan and to Pakistan itself, Antony maintained. "The international community needs to act
decisively and in concert to get rid of this scourge," Antony contended, adding, "We sincerely
hope this approach would be the way ahead." "As a victim of terrorism, we must remain
committed to safeguarding the lives of our nationals and taking all the necessary steps to
enhance and safeguard our security." (cont)
Source: IANS
http://www.newkerala.com/topstory-fullnews-86088.html
India Still Awaiting Word From Pakistan On Mumbai Terror Probe
India's patience with Pakistan appears to be wearing thin. More than two months after the terror
attack on Mumbai, Indian officials are expressing frustration that they have yet to hear any official
communication from Islamabad regarding Pakistan's investigation of domestic links to the attack.
Indian government officials are lamenting the lack of a formal response from Pakistan since the
Mumbai terror attack, at the end of last November. External Affairs Minister Pranab Mukherjee
tells reporters there has been no formal word from the Pakistanis since India handed over its
information to Islamabad for action, January 5. "They told [informed] us after they received the
materials from us and thereafter we have not received any official communication about the
progress," he said. During a speech to regional security experts Tuesday in the Indian capital,
Defense Minister A.K. Antony termed terror emerging from Pakistan "a Frankenstein" [monster]
that needs to be confronted decisively by the international community. He also called on
Islamabad to respond to India's dossier about the Mumbai terror attack. "The positive gains of the
past years have been destroyed by the dastardly attack on Mumbai," he said. "The onus now is
on the government of Pakistan to act with sincerity." Antony accuses Pakistan of becoming an
"epicenter of international terrorism." Relations between nuclear-armed neighbors, India and
Pakistan, who have fought each other in several wars, had gradually thawed in recent years.
(cont)
Source: BBC; Steve Herman
http://www.voanews.com/english/2009-02-03-voa11.cfm

Pak Says Mumbai Strikes Plotted Outside, Agencies Not Involved
Islamabad -- Pakistan today said the findings of its probe into the Mumbai attack may be made
public within a week as it insisted that its agencies were not involved in the carnage and the terror
strikes were plotted outside its territory. "We have been saying that Pakistan government is not
involved in this (Mumbai attacks). We have also been saying that this (plot) was not put together
in Pakistan," Minister of State for Interior, Tasnim Ahmad Qureshi, told reporters. "All these
matters are being concluded and we are proceeding towards the final stage of it," he said. The
minister said Pakistan's findings in its probe into the Mumbai attacks were likely to be made
public within a week. A team of the Federal Investigation Agency (FIA) has submitted its
preliminary probe report regarding the Mumbai attacks, Qureshi said. "The report would soon be
made public at a suitable time, possibly within a week," he said. Top Pakistani leaders have said
the Law, Interior and Foreign Ministries were currently vetting the report submitted by a three-
member team of the FIA. Pakistan's High Commissioner to India, Shahid Malik, has already
arrived here for consultations on finalizing the country's response to the Indian dossier on the
Mumbai attacks. In New Delhi, Pakistan's Deputy High Commissioner Rifat Masood met Joint
Secretary, Pakistan, Ministry of External Affairs, TCA Raghavan. Sources said it was a "routine
meeting and it had noting to do with the dossier issue."
Source: PTI
http://www.ptinews.com/pti%5Cptisite.nsf/0/A559B5D5A0EDF9826525755200565D8C?OpenDoc
ument

Pakistan Briefs Envoy To India On Mumbai Probe; Could Charge 125
Islamabad/New Delhi: Pakistan Tuesday briefed its envoy to New Delhi on its probe into the
Mumbai carnage amid reports that it could charge 125 lower-rung suspects but let the top guns
off. On its part, India reiterated that it was yet to officially hear from Islamabad on its Mumbai
probe - and that Pakistan was the "epicenter" of global terrorism. Envoy to India Shahid Malik
"was called to Islamabad for holding important consultation with the officials of the foreign and
interior ministries in connection with the Mumbai attacks," The News said Tuesday, quoting
foreign office sources. "Pakistan raised certain questions before Indian officials in connection with
Mumbai attacks and now the Indian government has provided answers to the same," it added.
Malik was called to Islamabad for "reviewing the Indian replies and holding consultation", The
News said, adding: "The documents that Pakistan would prepare in the light of the Indian
information would be handed over to Indian High Commissioner in Islamabad Satyaprata Pal."
India has blamed the Pakistan-based Lashkar-e-Taiba for the Nov 26-29, 2008, Mumbai mayhem
that claimed the lives of more than 170 people, including 26 foreign nationals, and left more than
300 injured. India Jan 5 submitted a detailed dossier to Pakistan pointing to the involvement of
elements from that country in the Mumbai attacks. Pakistani Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani
said Sunday the Federal Investigation Agency has examined the dossier and has submitted a
report that would soon be shared with India through diplomatic channels. (Cont)
Source: IANS
http://www.newkerala.com/topstory-fullnews-86397.html

Pakistan Wants To Normalize Ties With India: FM Qureshi
Foreign Minister Shah Mahmood Qureshi said Pakistan wants normal relationship with India.
Talking to media persons at airport, foreign minister said Pakistan having firm stance that
Kashmir issue is a part of composite dialogue. He termed the visit of special representative of US
president Richard Holbrooke as vital and said economic situation of Pakistan and war on terror
would be discussed with him.
Source: The Nation
http://www.nation.com.pk/pakistan-news-newspaper-daily-english-online/Politics/03-Feb-
2009/Pakistan-wants-to-normalise-ties-with-India-FM-Qureshi

Pranab Contradicts NSA, Says Pak Yet To Respond Officially
EW DELHI: Contradicting National Security Advisor M K Narayanan's claim that Islamabad has
reverted on Mumbai attacks dossier, external affairs minister Pranab Mukherjee on Tuesday
asserted that India is yet to receive any official response from Pakistan. "That he (Narayanan)
has said in his own way. The fact of the matter is that after they (Pakistan) received material from
us, we have not received any official communication about the progress of investigation
conducted by them," Mukherjee told reporters here when referred to the NSA's comments.
Narayanan had in a TV interview two days back claimed that Pakistan had reverted on the
Mumbai attacks dossier, asking questions to which answers were being given. "What I am aware
of is that after the receipt of the dossier by Pakistan, the Pakistan government has reverted to us
and asked number of questions to which answers are being provided.... I presume they are yet to
receive replies to the second set of queries they have made," the NSA had said. Mukherjee,
however, emphasized, "As I stated earlier, we are awaiting official information" from Pakistan. On
Pakistan barring its cricketers from playing in the Indian Premier League (IPL), Mukherjee said "it
is for them (to decide). I do not bring politics in cricket. Sometimes, we also cancel trips."
Pakistan yesterday barred its cricketers from playing in the high-profile tournament, saying it
would be unsafe for the players to travel to India in view of the tense relations between the two
countries. (Cont)
Source: PTI
http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/India/Pranab_contradicts_NSA_says_Pak_yet_to_respond_offi
cially/articleshow/4069311.cms

Report On Mumbai Attacks To Be Made Public Soon: Tasnim
ISLAMABAD: Minister of State for Interior Tasnim Ahmad Qureshi Tuesday said the Federal
Investigation Agency (FIA) has submitted its preliminary investigation report regarding the alleged
involvement of a Pakistani national in Mumbai attacks. ―The report would soon be made public at
a suitable time, possibly within a week,‖ he told media during his visit to National Police
Foundation here. In order to address the grievance of the people, Qureshi said, a Complaint Cell
has been set up at Ministry of Interior on the special directives of President and Prime Minister.
He said the cell would start functioning from February 4 (Wednesday) under his supervision,
while immediate action would be taken on the complaints. Responding to a question the Minister
denied closure of Pak-Afghan Border in Chamman, adding steps are being taken to regularize the
cross border movement. Qureshi said the government has adopted a three pronged strategy
including dialogue, development and deterrence on Swat issue. The Minister of State further
added that a meeting of IGPs would soon be summoned to review the overall situation with
reference to improvement in the performance of Police department.
Source: APP
http://www.app.com.pk/en_/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=66933&Itemid=1

Japan Plans To Host Donors' Confab On Pakistan
Japan is studying to host a donors' conference to assist Pakistan to show the international
community its willingness to fight against terrorism. Japanese government officials say Japan
sees stability in Pakistan as important as well as in Afghanistan, where the US government
regards as the frontline in combating terrorism. At a meeting of the Overseas Economic
Cooperation Council last month, Prime Minister Taro Aso and Foreign Minister Hirofumi
Nakasone assured that Japan will make the utmost effort to assist both countries. Officials say a
donors' conference in Japan, possibly as early as in March, might be at the cabinet ministerial
level. At a news conference on Monday, Vice Foreign Minister Mitoji Yabunaka said Japan is in
an important position to assist Pakistan. He said it is necessary for Japan to take a leading role in
the international community in assisting Pakistan.
Source: NHK
http://www.nhk.or.jp/daily/english/03_02.html

PHILIPPINES

China Reiterates Sovereignty In South China Sea
BEIJING -- China reiterated Tuesday its sovereignty over Huangyan Island and the Nansha
Islands in the South China Sea. Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Jiang Yu, in response to
Philippine territorial claims over the islands, said: "China possesses indisputable sovereignty over
Huangyan Island, the Nansha Islands and adjacent waters." The Philippine legislature reportedly
approved legislation stating that those islands were within the country's jurisdiction. Jiang said
that under the joint efforts of the parties concerned, the situation in the South China Sea was
stable overall. China hoped the countries involved would in practice abide by the Declaration on
the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea, and not take actions that might complicate or
expand disputes, she said. The spokeswoman called for concerted efforts of the parties
concerned to safeguard the peace and stability of the South China Sea.
Source: Xinhua
http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2009-02/03/content_7442878.htm

TNI Commander Receives Courtesy Call from Philippines Armed Forces Commander
Jakarta – TNI (Indonesia National Defense Forces) Commander General Djoko Santoso received
a courtesy call from Philippines Armed Forces Commander General Alexander Yano at TNI
headquarters in Cilangkap, Jakarta on Monday (2/2). General Santoso was accompanied by
Navy Chief of Staff, Air Force Chief of Staff, Deputy Army Chief of Staff and Assistant of
Intelligence. Whereas General Yano was accompanied by Major General Daniel Casabar,
Captain Ricardo Garcia, Colonel Aminkadra Undug and Major Davice Mercado.
Source: Indonesia National Defense Forces, Translated by Virtual Information Center
http://www.tni.mil.id/news.php?q=dtl&id=113012006121121

Abu Sayyaf Want De Castro In Talks
The kidnappers of the three aid workers of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)
are ready to negotiate for the release of their captives and want Vice President Noli de Castro to
lead the talks. Albader Parad, a commander of the Abu Sayyaf, told this reporter on the phone on
Monday night that he and his comrades were holding Andreas Notter of Switzerland, Eugenio
Vagni of Italy and Mary Jean Lacaba of the Philippines—the first time it was confirmed that the
bandit group was behind the Jan. 15 kidnapping. To prove his statement, Parad said in Filipino:
―You want to speak to the three? They‘re here beside me,‖ and passed the phone first to Notter
and then to Lacaba. Notter and Lacaba said they were in good condition. But this reporter was
unable to speak with Vagni because the phone signal turned weak when it was his turn. Parad
named nine other persons as part of what appeared to be a negotiating ―entourage‖ to be led by
De Castro: Sen. Richard Gordon, the ambassadors of Switzerland, Italy and Qatar, Rep. Mujib
Hataman, Assemblyman Hatimil Hassan, lawyer Muktan Suhaili, Sulu Gov. Abdusakur Tan and
Sulu Vice Gov. Lady Anne Sahidullah. (cont)
Source: Philippine Daily Inquirer
http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/inquirerheadlines/nation/view/20090204-187281/Abu-Sayyaf-want-De-
Castro-in-talks

Enrile To Arroyo: Sack Negligent SEC Officials
Senate President Juan Ponce Enrile on Tuesday said President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo should
fire Securities and Exchange Commission officials who have been remiss in their job, which has
resulted in the impending collapse of the country‘s pre-need industry. "I think it is about time that
the President and the government start firing some people in order to wake them up to do their
job," Enrile told reporters. He said SEC officials failed to foresee the needs and problems of the
plan-holders and pre-need companies. Enrile said Jose Aquino, head of the SEC Non-Traditional
Securities and Instruments Department, seemed ignorant of his job. Aquino's department handles
pre-need companies. "We encourage capital formation provided that the people operate within
the law, not to injure their beneficiaries. That is already given, the moment the people will be
injured, the government must act to solve the problem. You see that guy Aquino yesterday, he is
ignorant about his job," Enrile said, referring to Aquino‘s appearance at the Senate probe on the
pre-need industry woes. (cont)
Source: GMAnews.tv
http://www.gmanews.tv/story/147194/Enrile-to-Arroyo-Sack-negligent-SEC-officials

Fate Of ICRC Hostages In Limbo
The military on Tuesday described as "ridiculous" demands by Islamic militants holding three Red
Cross workers that it suspend operations. Members of Abu Sayef, who have been holding the
hostages on southern Jolo for more than two weeks, have called for the withdrawal of troops from
the island, according to the local government. ―We will not pullout from Basilan or Sulu, we will
continue doing our mandate and that is to run after them,‖ said Armed Forces of the Philippines
spokesman Lieutenant Colonel Ernesto Torres, Jr."It is ridiculous for them to ask the military to
pull out," Torres told reporters. "We will never negotiate with them and we discourage any efforts
that would lead to the payment of ransom." The International Committee of the Red Cross
workers Andreas Notter of Switzerland, Italian Eugenio Vagni and Filipina Mary-Jean Lacaba
were kidnapped by members of the Abu Sayyaf on January 15 during a humanitarian mission to
Jolo. Sulu Vice Governor Nur-Ana Sahidulla, who was granted access to the group last week,
said the hostages were being guarded by young Abu Sayyaf fighters and that their health was
poor. (cont)
Source: Philippine Daily Inquirer
http://services.inquirer.net/mobile/09/02/04/html_output/xmlhtml/20090203-187226-xml.html

House Panel Junks Resolution Opposing Charter Change
The House Committee on Constitutional Amendments on Tuesday struck down a resolution
seeking to block moves for Charter change and then approved another measure amending the
economic provisions in the Constitution. The House panel initially voted 9-4 in junking House
Resolution 888, which was authored by party-list lawmakers and seeks to stop all moves to
amend the Constitution before the 2010 elections. After this, the panel, chaired by La Union Rep.
Victor Ortega, voted 11-4 in favor of House Resolution 737, authored by Speaker Prospero
Nograles. Nograles's resolution seeks to relax economic restrictions on foreign companies by
removing the 60-40 requirement on business ownership in favor of Filipinos. In HB 737, Nograles
did not specify whether Congress would adopt a constitutional assembly or constitutional
convention in amending the Charter. He had earlier expressed, however, his stand that, if
constitutional assembly would only lead to dividing his fellow legislators, he would go for the other
alternative of constitutional convention. (cont)
Source: GMAnews.tv
http://www.gmanews.tv/story/147140/House-panel-junks-resolution-opposing-Charter-change
House Version Of Baselines Bill 'On War Path' - Enrile
The Senate will push for the adoption of an internationally acceptable scheme in delineating the
Philippine territory, particularly regarding the disputed Spratly Islands in western part of the
country. The chamber‘s leadership warned that Manila risks waging wars with other state
claimants should the contested island groups be enclosed within the country‘s baselines. Senate
President Juan Ponce Enrile Tuesday said the Senate version of the baselines bill is the "more
realistic approach to the problem," adding the Philippines does not have "battleships and
squadrons" to protect interests over the Kalayaan Island Group (KIG) and Scarborough Shoal.
The island groups are also claimed in part by Vietnam, China, Malaysia, Brunei and Taiwan.
"There are also other claimants and we have to deal with that problem both from the viewpoint of
our internal law, which is disputed by other countries, and from the viewpoint of the international
law which they will recognize our claim based on a regime of islands," Mr. Enrile told reporters in
a chance interview. (cont)
Source: GMAnews.tv
http://www.gmanews.tv/story/147210/House-version-of-baselines-bill-on-war-path---Enrile

SAMOA

Samoa PM Says No Peace In Fiji Unless Military Goes
The Samoan Prime Minister, Tuilaepa Sailele Malilelegaoi, says Fiji must get rid of its armed
military forces for there to be peace in the country. Tuilaepa told the Samoa Observer he thinks
Fiji‘s future is uncertain, and even if elections are held there is no guarantee that a civilian
government could not be toppled. He says if there is a return to civilian government, he feels
there will be many other military leaders like Commodore Frank Bainimarama in the future.
Tuilaepa says it is very easy to pick up a gun and wave it at people. He says if the military leaders
truly want to support the wider public, they should volunteer to leave the military and prepare for
elections. Tuilaepa says many capable Fijians cannot contribute because positions have been
filled by army personnel who have no expertise in the work they are given. Tuilaepa also
describes Commodore Bainimarama as inexperienced in international relations, unused to
governing a country, and only wanting praise.
Source: RNZI
http://www.rnzi.com/pages/news.php?op=read&id=44555

SINGAPORE

S'pore, Indonesia Working Out Details Of Border Agreement Signing Ceremony
SINGAPORE: Singapore is pleased that it has been able to resolve its long-standing maritime
border dispute with Indonesia. A brief statement from Singapore's Foreign Affairs Ministry says
details of the signing ceremony are being worked out. Both sides had recently reached an
agreement over their maritime boundary in the western segment of the Singapore Strait, after
over three years of negotiations. It involves the area around Indonesia's Nipah Island, in the Riau
Islands, nearest to Singapore. Indonesia's President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono said on
Monday that the settlement will ensure Indonesia's economic development in the area and
ensure economic cooperation with Singapore and Malaysia, which also shares a maritime border
in the Riau Islands.
Source: CNA
http://www.channelnewsasia.com/stories/singaporelocalnews/view/406628/1/.html

SOLOMON ISLANDS

Relief Efforts Underway In Solomon Islands Following Flooding
A team from the National Disaster Council and the Guadalcanal disaster office headed out to
flood stricken areas in West Guadalcanal yesterday. The team also carried relief food supplies to
those affected by the flooding that hit the island since last Thursday. Guadalcanal provincial
disaster coordinator, Herrick Savusi, told the paper, the Solomon Star, that they arranged for six
boats to leave to do an assessment on the stricken areas. Mr. Savusi added they were supposed
to travel on Monday but the bad weather prevented them from doing that. He said the team would
carry out assessments from Kakabona to Tina River in the Weathercoast. Mr. Savusi said he
understood people in West Guadalcanal are in dire need of food, water and shelter. Meanwhile,
the Solomon Islands Weather office issued a cyclone advice for the country yesterday. The
weather office told the paper, the Solomon Star, that the system was developing in the east of the
country. It says those in Temotu, Makira and Renbel provinces are expected to experience the
effects of the cyclone. These provinces have already experienced heavy rain and strong winds in
the past days. Meanwhile, the Weather office said heavy rain will continue in the coming days
and weeks.
Source: RNZI
http://www.rnzi.com/pages/news.php?op=read&id=44568

Solomons Flooding Death Toll Reaches Nine
The Solomon Islands Disaster Management Office says the death toll from the recent floods has
risen to nine. 12 people, including three children, are reported missing after the northwest of
Guadalcanal and Savo Island was hit by torrential rain which washed away homes, bridges and
affected about 1,800 families. One of the fatalities has been reported from Savo Island. A senior
programs officer of the disaster‘s office, Julian Makaa, says he has been advised by the police
about the number of deaths on Guadalcanal. ―The police team which was sent to the affected
areas and they confirmed that their were eight deaths and that the eight people that were earlier
reported as missing are still missing as well as the three children.‖ Julian Makaa says reports
from Savo Island indicate one person is still missing.
Source: RNZI
http://www.rnzi.com/pages/news.php?op=read&id=44561

SRI LANKA

India Looks To Pick Up Sri Lankan Pieces
BANGALORE - With the final phase of the war between the Sri Lankan government and the
Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) nearing its end, India appears to be preparing to play a
major role in Sri Lanka. It is hoping to not only push Colombo to reach a political settlement with
the Tamils, but also to lead the way in reconstruction of the war-torn northeast. "The war
between the lion [the Sinhalese majority in Sri Lanka] and the tiger [the LTTE] is nearing its end,
and the elephant [India] is asserting itself," a retired Indian diplomat, who had served in Sri
Lanka, told Asia Times Online. Last week, India's External Affairs Minister Pranab Mukherjee
was in Colombo expressing India's "readiness to participate in the reconstruction of northern Sri
Lanka" and nudging the Sri Lankan government to follow up its military victories over the LTTE
with a political settlement of the conflict. A press release issued by Sri Lanka's Presidential
Secretariat said India would "work together with Sri Lanka on a reconstruction plan for these
areas", involving the development of infrastructure and other support. The statement went on to
say that Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapakse had told Mukherjee that he would "move as
quickly as possible to implement the 13th amendment to the Sri Lankan constitution". A brainchild
of India, this amendment came in the wake of the India-Sri Lanka Agreement of 1987 and sought
to devolve power through provincial councils throughout Sri Lanka. (Cont)
Source: Asia Times, Sudha Ramachandran
http://www.atimes.com/atimes/South_Asia/KB04Df02.html

President Welcomes Vatican Representative
(Colombo, Lankapuvath - President Mahinda Rajapaksa welcomes Vatican‘s Ambassador in Sri
Lanka Monsignor Mario Zenari at Temple Trees yesterday. The President requested Ambassador
Zenari to request all clergy members in the uncleared areas to come to the cleared areas.
According to a press release issued by the President‘s Media Unit, the Government had taken
action to ensure the welfare of all civilians and members of the clergy coming from the conflict
areas to the cleared areas. The LTTE was on its last legs and this desperation would force them
to use anybody as a shield against the advancing troops revealed President Rajapaksa
Source: Lankapuvath
http://www.lankapuvath.lk/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=6408&Itemid=89

S. Lanka Hospital 'Attacked Again'
The Red Cross in Sri Lanka says three more civilians have been killed in artillery attacks on a
hospital in Tamil Tiger-held territory. It said another 10 people were injured when shells hit a
ward on Monday in the hospital in Puthukkudiyiruppu town in Mullaitivu district. Aid workers say
nine died in three strikes on the hospital at the weekend. The government says it is not
responsible for the attacks and has told civilians to leave the war zone. 'Decisive stage.'
Puthukkudiyiruppu is situated in an enclave held by the rebels and is home to tens of thousands
of civilians. The hospital is one of the last functioning health facilities in the area. A Red Cross
spokeswoman told the BBC's Anbarasan Ethirajan in Colombo that people had started to leave
the hospital in search of safer places. The spokeswoman, Sarasi Wijeratne, said the organization
was "negotiating for safe passage with both sides to bring the sick and wounded to government-
controlled territory for treatment". In an earlier attack, the UN said, the shells hit a crowded
pediatric unit. At least nine people were killed in the firing, the Red Cross said. It is not clear who
fired them, with pro-rebel websites blaming the army for the attacks, and the military denying any
role. In a statement, the government said fighting in the north-east was at a "decisive stage" and
that it could not guarantee civilians' safety in the area. Separately, the army said it had found an
underground bunker complex it believed was one of the hideouts of the top leader of the Tamil
Tigers. (cont)
Source: BBC
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/7866342.stm

Sri Lanka Takes Tiger Chief's Bunker: Army
COLOMBO — The Sri Lankan army said Tuesday it had captured an elaborate underground
bunker complex believed to have been the home of the leader of the Tamil Tiger rebels. Soldiers
seized the facility amid a fresh escalation of fighting in the northeast, where government troops
are pressing on with an all-out assault on the remaining patch of jungle held by the ethnic
guerrillas. The renewed fighting came as the government said the battle against the cornered
Tigers was at a "decisive stage" and that it could not guarantee the security of tens of thousands
of civilians trapped in rebel-held territory. The captured two-storey-deep bunker had sound-proof
electricity generators, air conditioning and medical supplies and was hidden in a coconut grove in
Mullaittivu district, the defense ministry said. It described the site as the "main LTTE (Liberation
Tigers of Tamil Eelam ) hideout" and "a major residential site" of rebel leader Velupillai
Prabhakaran. Pictures released by the defense ministry purported to show that Prabhakaran had
left behind a stuffed Tiger, a paintball gun and a bottle of cognac. At least 20 guerrillas were killed
trying to defend the facility and another 12 rebels died in other clashes on Monday, the ministry
said. (Cont)
Source: AFP
http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5gsVKdFK2hRKJTgtztT34cO6l5Gqg

Sri Lankan’s Flee 1 Of Last Hospitals In War Zone
COLOMBO, Sri Lanka - Patients who could walk fled one of last functioning hospitals in Sri
Lanka - 's northern war zone Tuesday after it was hit by artillery shells, while the Red Cross
negotiated for the evacuation of those severely wounded. Concern for the lives of noncombatants
in the sliver of territory controlled by the Tamil Tigers has grown as government troops press
ahead with their offensive to crush the guerrilla group. The military said it captured the Tamil
Tigers' seventh and final airstrip Tuesday, effectively grounding their tiny air force and edging
troops closer to ending Asia's longest-running civil war . On Monday, independent observers
handed The Associated Press dramatic pictures and video, showing scores of civilians killed or
maimed. The images offered a rare glimpse of the growing toll the civil war is taking on the
estimated 250,000 civilians trapped in the all-but-sealed conflict zone. Even the wounded being
treated at a hospital in Puthukkudiyiruppu were not safe. Artillery slammed into the hospital three
times Sunday, killing nine patients and injuring 20. It was hit again on Monday and three people
were killed and 10 injured, said Sarasi Wijeratne, the spokeswoman of the International
Committee of the Red Cross in Colombo. (Cont)
Source: AP
http://www.theacademic.org/#12336688800

Sri Lanka's Tamils Face Hard Future
Sri Lanka's government says it is on the verge of defeating Tamil Tiger rebels and ushering in
peace after decades of ethnic bloodshed, but the island's main ethnic minority is as fearful as
ever. Ethnic Tamil civilians reduced to submission by the feared Tamil Tiger rebels are equally
apprehensive of government forces even as the military announced it hopes to finish off the
guerrillas by April. "We are stuck between a rock and a hard place," said a silver-haired Tamil
civil servant R. Sivapragasam as he sipped black tea outside a shop in Colombo's Tamil-
dominated Wellawatte area, also known as "Little Jaffna". The town of Jaffna in the north of the
country is regarded as the Tamil cultural capital and the area was wrested from rebel control in
1995, but residents there still face severe travel restrictions. "All terrorists are Tamils. So army
people and some hard line (majority) Sinhalese people think we are (also) terrorists,"
Sivapragasam said. "We are not terrorists." Last year the authorities evicted hundreds of Tamils
from Colombo, saying they were a threat to national security. The move was stopped following
court intervention after charges that it amounted to collective punishment. Tamils make up 12.6
per cent of the country's 20 million population and have been caught up in the 37-year-old dirty
war waged in their name by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE). (cont)
Source: AFP
http://www.channelnewsasia.com/stories/afp_asiapacific/view/406535/1/.html

Tamil Rebels Lose Last Airstrip To Sri Lanka Army
COLOMBO, Sri Lanka - Sri Lanka's military said it captured the last remaining Tamil Tiger-
controlled airstrip Tuesday, effectively grounding the rebels' tiny air force in a new setback to the
insurgency already on the brink of defeat. In recent months, troops have routed the Tamil Tigers
from much of the de facto state they controlled in the north where most of Sri Lanka's minority
Tamils live. The rebels are now pushed into a 115-square-mile (300-square-kilometer) slice of
coastal area, surrounded by the army and the navy. But also trapped with them are some
250,000 civilians, suffering daily casualties in the crossfire. The military said in a statement it had
captured the 1-mile (2-kilometer) long runway just inside the rebel-controlled area, another sign
that Asia's longest-running civil war, which started 25 years ago, may be close to ending. Troops
had already captured six other runways earlier, rendering the rebels' air strike capability
ineffectual. Tuesday's capture is a largely psychological blow with little strategic significance. The
Tamil Tigers are believed to have only three or four light aircraft, which they used for a few
surprise raids on military bases and the capital Colombo, including once on the international
airport. But with their territory shrinking, they had little opportunity to use even those planes.
(cont)
Source: AP
http://www.theacademic.org/#12336688800

U.S., EU, Others Urge S. Lanka's Tigers To Surrender
COLOMBO (Reuters) - The United States, European Union, Japan and Norway on Tuesday
urged Sri Lanka's Tamil Tigers rebels to consider surrendering to avoid more deaths, including
among thousands of civilians trapped in the war zone. The call for the separatist Liberation Tigers
of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) to discuss a surrender came as the International Committee of the Red
Cross (ICRC) said civilians were fleeing a hospital that had been shelled for a fifth time in three
days. The ICRC says at least 12 people have been killed in the hospital in Puthukudiyiruppu,
inside the 300 sq km (115 sq miles) of jungle in the Indian Ocean island's north where the Sri
Lankan military has cornered the separatist guerrillas. "There remains probably only a short
period of time before the LTTE loses control of all areas in the north," the joint statement from the
United States, E.U., Japan and Norway said. Sri Lanka's military has encircled the Tigers and is
confident it will win a war that is now one of Asia's longest-running conflicts, in which 70,000
people have been killed since 1983. "The LTTE and the government of Sri Lanka should
recognize that further loss of life -- of civilians and combatants -- will serve no cause," the joint
statement said. It urged the LTTE to discuss surrender, renounce violence, accept a government
offer of amnesty and participate "as a political party in a process to achieve a just and lasting
political solution". (cont)
Source: Reuters
http://in.reuters.com/article/topNews/idINIndia-37817420090203

THAILAND

Myanmar migrants say cast adrift by Thais
About 200 Myanmar migrants found adrift off Sumatra told rescuers they had been towed out to
sea and abandoned to their fate by Thai security forces, an Indonesian navy officer said Tuesday.
They said 20 others had perished as they drifted at sea for three weeks in a wooden boat held
together with rope but with no engine. Fishermen found them huddled in the boat off Indonesia's
Sumatra island on Monday afternoon, navy officer Tedi Sutardi told AFP. The migrants, from
Myanmar's minority Muslim Rohingya community, said they had been cast adrift by Thai security
forces as they tried to flee persecution in Myanmar. They showed scars from beatings they said
they had received at the hands of the Thais, matching similar allegations from another group of
174 Rohingya who were found off Sumatra on January 7. "Fishermen found a wooden boat
without an engine drifting in the sea with 198 Myanmar migrants. They said Thai authorities
towed them out to sea and set them adrift," Sutardi said. "Their boat was small. It's only 12
meters long and three meters wide... It had almost come apart and was held together with ropes.
"They were drifting for about 21 days. Most of them are in critical condition and are receiving
treatment at a local state hospital in East Aceh district." Using limited Malay, the Bengali-
speaking migrants said they had left their homes in Myanmar's western Arakan state because
they were being forced to embrace Buddhism, according to the Indonesian officer. (cont)
Source: AFP
http://www.channelnewsasia.com/stories/afp_asiapacific/view/406553/1/.html

Rohingya Tell Of Beatings By Thai Forces
A group of Rohingya found adrift off Sumatra on Monday say they were beaten, towed out to sea
and left to their fate by Thai security forces, the Indonesian navy says. The boat people said 22 of
their number had perished as they drifted at sea for three weeks in a wooden boat that had no
engine and was held together with rope, navy officer Tedi Sutardi said. ''Fishermen found a
wooden boat without an engine drifting in the sea with 198 Burmese migrants,'' Mr. Sutardi said.
''They said Thai authorities towed them out to sea and set them adrift.'' The migrants, all men,
said they had been cast adrift by Thai security forces as they tried to flee persecution in Burma.
They also spoke of nine other boats set adrift by Thai forces. They showed scars from beatings
they said they had received at the hands of the Thais, matching similar allegations from another
group of 174 Rohingya who were found off Sumatra on Jan 7. (cont)
Source: Bangkok Post
http://www.bangkokpost.com/news/local/10979/rohingya-tell-of-beatings-by-thai-forces

Thailand, Cambodia Resume Temple Dispute Talks - Official
BANGKOK--Negotiators from Thailand and Cambodia on Tuesday resumed talks aimed at
resolving a border standoff that last year boiled over into a military clash, a Thai official said. The
last meeting of the Joint Boundary Commission in Cambodia's tourist hub Siem Reap ended in
November with the two neighbors failing to reach agreement on any of the key points. Since then,
a new government has come to power in Thailand, inheriting the long-standing territorial dispute
over the land surrounding Cambodia's ancient Preah Vihear temple, where soldiers clashed in
October, leaving four dead. "This meeting is expected to further discuss the topics that we failed
to reach agreement on at the last meeting, involving the name of the temple, troop deployment
and demarcation," a military official said. Thailand's new foreign minister Kasit Piromya last
month made his first official visit to Cambodia. At the time, his Cambodian counterpart Hor
Namhong said the two ministers agreed to begin demarcating their disputed border. Thai and
Cambodian officials on the commission agreed in principle last November to reduce the number
of soldiers at the disputed border and to form a border task force, but there has been no concrete
progress since then. Thailand's defense minister is expected to visit Cambodia on Friday to
discuss withdrawing soldiers from territory around the 11th century Preah Vihear temple, which
sits on Cambodian land just on the border. (Cont)
Source: AFP
http://www.nasdaq.com/aspxcontent/NewsStory.aspx?cpath=20090203\ACQDJON20090203011
8DOWJONESDJONLINE000042.htm&&mypage=newsheadlines&title=Thailand,%20Cambodia%

Abhisit Debuts Well, And Now To Business
Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva presented himself well in his debut on the world stage - at the
World Economic Forum last week in Davos, Switzerland - where he called for a coordinated
regional approach to the global financial problems. But he will have more to do starting tomorrow,
when he travels to Japan to convey a more specific message to Thailand's biggest investor. The
prime minister will also face another test in his meetings with East Asian leaders including China
at a later date, and even tougher tests with Association of Southeast Asian Nations members. In
Japan, Mr. Abhisit has to reassure the easily-agitated Japanese investors that no one will be able
to again threaten the operations of Suvarnabhumi and Don Mueang airports. Japan was among
seven countries which urged Thailand on Dec 4 to take all necessary steps to improve the
security at its airports. Japanese Foreign Minister Hirofumi Nakasone also raised the issue last
month with his Thai counterpart, Kasit Piromya, during their brief meeting in Bangkok. (cont)
Source: Bangkok Post
http://www.bangkokpost.com/news/local/10977/abhisit-debuts-well-and-now-to-business

New Thai Development Minister Quits Over Rotten Fish Scandal
Thailand's development minister quit on Tuesday over a scandal linked to rotten fish delivered to
flood survivors, the first casualty of new Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva's six-week-old cabinet.
Witoon Nambutr, minister for social development and human security, tendered his resignation to
Abhisit but denied any wrongdoing connected to the food packages provided in December to a
flood-hit southern province. "I resign from the ministerial position effective immediately," he told a
televised press conference. "I am hurt to announce my resignation because I was not aware and
had nothing to do with the distribution of the aid packages in Phatthalung province. I didn't know
there was rotten canned fish in there." The scandal emerged in December after villagers in
Phatthalung starting complaining that the tinned sardines in their aid packages provided by the
development ministry had gone off. Some of the flood victims suffered diarrhea and vomiting
after tasting the rotten sardines, the health ministry said in a statement. The health ministry
closed down the factory producing the canned fish last week and has filed criminal charges
against the company's owners, but the opposition are calling for a corruption investigation. "He
resigned because of clear evidence," said opposition Puea Thai party spokesman Pormpong
Nopparit, adding that he thought the move was designed to take the heat of other ruling
Democrat Party MPs allegedly involved in the affair. (cont)
Source: AFP
http://www.channelnewsasia.com/stories/afp_asiapacific/view/406566/1/.html

Ousted Thai PM Thaksin Vows Comeback
Thailand's exiled premier Thaksin Shinawatra has vowed to pursue his political fight and said he
is ready to return to the prime minister's post he was ousted from in 2006, Thai media reported
Tuesday. Speaking by telephone to supporters in the northeastern Nakhon Ratchasima province
on Monday, Thaksin was reported in Thai and English-language press as saying he would fight to
clear his name as corruption cases stack up. "I earlier announced that I would wash my hands of
politics," Thaksin was quoted as saying in the English-language Bangkok Post newspaper. "But
there are so many politically-motivated cases being filed against me. I want to tell you now that I
am ready to return to the political arena once again," he added from an undisclosed location
abroad. "I will fight on no matter what happens. I'm ready to be prime minister again if people
support me." Thaksin was toppled in a September 2006 coup, with the military claiming that
corruption and abuse of power under his two terms as premier had damaged the country, and
they also questioned his loyalty to the revered monarchy. The tycoon-turned-politician has spent
most of his time since the coup in self-imposed exile, and was last October sentenced to two
years in prison for abuse of power linked to a 2003 land deal. Other corruption cases against him
are moving through the courts. (cont)
Source: AFP
http://www.channelnewsasia.com/stories/afp_asiapacific/view/406538/1/.html

				
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