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2020 Corrective Action Universe

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					                             2020 Corrective Action Universe
EPA and the States have compiled a list of facilities deemed appropriate and important to
address using the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act’s (RCRA) Corrective Action
Program. Because this set of facilities has national remediation goals which will culminate in the
year 2020, it is referred to as the 2020 Corrective Action Universe. EPA and the States expect
that a final remedy will be in place and operating at each facility by 2020 (although actual
attainment of cleanup goals through remedy implementation may take a while longer).

The 2020 Corrective Action Universe is built upon two previous corrective action baselines and
these are described below.

2005 Corrective Action Baseline
In July 1999, EPA and the authorized States finalized the first RCRA Cleanup Baseline. This
baseline consisted of 1,714 facilities throughout the nation identified as appropriate sites for
early cleanup when EPA and the States were prioritizing their corrective action workloads. Of
these 1,714 facilities on the baseline, 287 were in Region 4.

The primary criterion for a facility to be placed on this RCRA Cleanup Baseline was that each
facility had, at any time, a High NCAPS ranking. (NCAPS, or the National Corrective Action
Prioritization System, is the RCRA equivalent to the CERCLA HRS, or Hazard Ranking System,
in that it is based on site specific conditions such as depth to ground water and proximity to
drinking water sources). The regions and states were also allowed to add an additional 15% that
they considered important to track regardless of whether it had a High, Medium, or Low NCAPS
ranking.

Because the facilities on the first RCRA Cleanup Baseline served as the basis for the Corrective
Action Program’s 2005 Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA) goals, the group is
also known as the 2005 Corrective Action Baseline. Progress toward the 2005 GPRA goals was
measured by two interim cleanup milestones known as Environmental Indicators (EIs):
● CA725 – Human Exposures Under Control
● CA750 – Migration of Contaminated Ground Water Under Control

The 2005 GPRA goals were as follows:
● 95% Human Exposures Under Control
● 70% Migration of Contaminated Ground Water Under Control

By the deadline of September 30, 2005, EPA had surpassed both goals, reaching 96% and 78%,
respectively.
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2008 Corrective Action Baseline
In 2006, EPA revised the 2005 Corrective Action Baseline to reflect the 2008 GPRA goals and
this revised list is known as the 2008 Corrective Action Baseline. The 2008 Corrective Action
Baseline represents 1,968 facilities nationwide with 308 facilities in Region 4.

The 2008 Corrective Action Baseline includes the following:
● facilities on the 2005 Corrective Action Baseline
● additional facilities upgraded to a NCAPS High ranking
● up to 15% that the Regions and States thought should be included regardless of the NCAPS
ranking

Those facilities on the 2005 Corrective Action Baseline that had been referred to another federal
cleanup program were not included in the 2008 Corrective Action Baseline.

The 2008 GPRA goals will be measured by four cleanup milestones:
● CA725 – Human Exposures Under Control
● CA750 – Migration of Contaminated Ground Water Under Control
● CA400 – Final Remedy Decision; meaning that the permit is modified to incorporate the
selected remedy (equivalent to CERCLA’s Record of Decision)
● CA550 – Final Remedy Construction; meaning that the remedy is in place and operating but
final cleanup goals may not yet be achieved (equivalent to CERCLA’s Construction Complete)

The September 30, 2008, GPRA goals are as follows:
● 95% Human Exposures Under Control
● 81% Migration of Contaminated Ground Water Under Control
● 36% Final Remedy Decision
● 27% Final Remedy Construction
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2020 Corrective Action Universe
The facilities on the 2008 Corrective Action Baseline represent only about half of the facilities
expected to ultimately need cleanup under the RCRA Corrective Action Program. To address
these facilities that will need cleanup but are not currently on the 2008 Corrective Action
Baseline, EPA developed the 2020 Corrective Action Universe. The 2020 goals are the same
four GPRA goals from the 2008 Corrective Action Baseline.

In early 2007, EPA and the States finalized the 2020 Corrective Action Universe to include the
following:
● facilities on the 2008 Corrective Action Baseline
● any facility that has a RCRA permit obligation (meaning that it has a RCRA permit or is on
track to get a RCRA permit or an equivalent mechanism, such as an order)
● any other facility that EPA or the Regions agree is appropriate and important to address
through the RCRA Corrective Action Program.

Facilities that should not be added to the 2020 Corrective Action Universe include generator-
only facilities (meaning they are not a treatment, storage, or disposal [TSD] facility) and
facilities formally referred to another federal authority for cleanup, for example, CERCLA. If a
facility has been referred to a state cleanup authority it must remain in the 2020 Corrective
Action Universe.

Nationally there are 3,746 facilities in the 2020 Corrective Action Universe. Within Region 4
there are 557 facilities in the universe and of these 49 (9%) are Federal Facilities.

The 2020 Corrective Action Universe will become the working GPRA baseline and tracking
progress of facilities in this universe will begin in 2009. The national program goal is to meet
the four GPRA goals before the end of 2020. Annual targets for progress at these facilities will
be developed in the future through negotiations between EPA headquarters, the EPA regions,
and the states.

Minor changes to the universe will occur approximately every three years. This will allow the
addition of new facilities and the removal those facilities referred to another federal cleanup
authority.


For additional information on the 2020 Corrective Action Universe, please refer to the following
website:

http://epa.gov/epaoswer/hazwaste/ca/facility.htm#2020