South Africa US Grains Theronine by benbenzhou

VIEWS: 5 PAGES: 31

More Info
									The Application of DDG in
    Animal Nutrition
Monogastric and Ruminants


        David Hutcheson, PhD
   Animal-Agricultural Consulting, Inc
          Amarillo, Texas USA
   CORN (WHOLE}

           GRIND, WET and COOK


FERMENTATION of STARCH

               YEAST and ENZYMES


       STILL

                                ALCOHOL
                               (ETHANOL)

    STILLAGE
                         STILLAGE




 DISTILLERS GRAIN WET                DISTILLERS SOLUBLES




WET DISTILLERS           DRYER            WET DISTILERS
 GRAIN (DWG)                     ADDED   SOLUBLES (DWS)



                                                 CONDENSE
                           DRIED
                        DISTILLERS
                        GRAIN with
DRIED DISTILLERS        SOLUBLES
  GRAIN (DDG)             (DDGS)           CONDENSED
                                         GRAINS DISTILLERS
                                          SOLUBLES (DDS)
           Nutrient           Dried Distillers
                                Grain Plus
                                 Solubles
                                  (DDGS)
Dry Matter, %                       89
Ash, %                              5.0
Crude Fiber, %                      8.6
Acid Hydrolysis Fat                11.1
Crude Fat, %                       10.4
Nitrogen Free Extract (NFE) %      30.1
Carbohydrates %                    52.1
              Nutrient                    Dried
                                        Distillers
                                        Grain Plus
                                         Solubles
                                         (DDGS)
Carbohydrates %                            52.1
Starch, %                                  3.0
Non Structural Carbohydrates, (NSC) %      15.0
Acid Detergent Fiber, (ADF) %              15.7
Neutral Detergent Fiber, (NDF) %           46.4
Total Digestible Nutrients, TDN %          86.0
              Nutrient               DDGS
Digestible Energy, (Mcal/Kg) Horse   3877
Metabolizable Energy, (Mcal/Kg)      3162
Poultry
Metabolizable Energy, (Mcal/Kg)      3844
Swine
Net Energy, (Mcal/Kg) Swine          2036
Net Energy of Maintenance,           2.18
(Mcal/kg)
Net Energy of Gain, (Mcal/kg)        1.50
Net Energy of Lactation, (Mcal/kg)   2.02
            Nutrient           DDGS
Crude Protein, % (CP)          30.9
Ruminal Undegradable Protein   55.2
(RUP) % of CP
Rumen Degradable Protein       48.6
(RDP) % of CP
Intestinal Available Protein   77.3
(IAP) of RUP %
Acid detergent insoluble N     1.28
(ADIN) %
            Nutrient                DDGS
      Amino Acids as Percent of protein
Arginine, % CP                      4.04
Histidine, % CP                     2.47
Isoleucine, % CP                    4.77
Leucine, % CP                       10.67
Lysine, % CP                        2.70
Methionine, % CP                    2.17
Cystine, % CP                       1.59
Phenylalanine, % CP                 4.55
           Nutrient                 DDGS
      Amino Acids as Percent of protein
Theronine, % CP                     3.56
Tryptophan, % CP                    0.76
Valine, % CP                        5.60
Alanine, % CP                       5.67
Tryosine, % CP                      3.06
Serine, % CP                        3.47
Glutamic Acid, %                    11.12
Proline, % CP                       6.34
    Minerals    Percen
                   t
Calcium, %       0.14
Phosphorus, %    0.78
Potassium, %     0.75
Magnesium, %     0.25
Sulfur, %        0.50
Sodium, %        0.39
Chloride, %      0.19
 Trace Minerals   PPM
Cobalt, PPM       0.20
Copper, PPM       35.0
Manganese, PPM    23.4
Iron, PPM         239
Selenium, PPM     0.53
Zinc, PPM         75.4
       Nutrient Summary
Monitor Sulfate
Low Lysine
Phosphorus Monogastric Availability 79%
           Protein Availability
                      Color measured by Minolta Chroma Meter
Heating                                CR-300
  ADIN can be     SM     LT     Red Yel     Lys   Lys D Lys
  used as an                                  %    Dig   %
                                                    %
  Index
                  1      62.9   28.4 7.6    0.86 76.8   0.66
Color             2      61.5   26.6 6.1    0.85 75.3   0.64
  Lightness       3      57.4   21.3 5.8    0.79 77.8   0.61
  above 50        4      57.5   20.5 6.9    0.82 72.1   0.59
  Yellow above    5      51.2   13.9 5.7    0.67 77.1   0.52
  4.1 *           6      49.5   11.2 4.1    0.64 73.8   0.47
  Ruminants not   7      48.0   8.82 4.3    0.64 58.3   0.37
  affected by     8      47.9   9.3   4.4   0.39 45.8   0.18
  color
               Broiler Diets
 % DDGS        0-42 days        Gain to Feed
                 Grams              g:kg
0             2,314a           566
6             2,289a           554
12            2,291a           565
18            2,243b           554
 DDGS can be used from 12 to 15 % in broiler diets
                                              DDGS Layer Diets
       100
                                                                                                Com(18.5) 0 %
                                                          30 wk                                 Com(18.5) 15 %
               98                                                     a
                                                        LD 95.3                                 L D(17.5) O %
                         22 wk
               96                a                                                              L D(17.5) 15 %
Eggs per 100



                     LD 95.4                                              32 wk
                                                                                  a
                                                                      LD 93.7
               94

               92

               90         22 wk
                         LD 91.4
                                     b    30 wk
                                                   b
               88                        LD 89.0
                                                        32 wk
                                                                  b
                                                        LD 90.2
               86
                    24      26           28        30       32             34         36   38   40     42        44
                                                                      Weeks
 DDGS can be used 10 to 12 % in Commercial Layers Diets
             Tom Turkey
Trial   DDGS      DDGS       Weight      F/G
         5- 8     8-19        19
        Weeks     Weeks      Weeks
 1       0%        0%        18.95       2.44
 1      12 %       8%        19.05       2.48
 2       0%        0%        19.23       2.64
 2      11%        8%        19.23       2.65
 3       0%        0%        18.45       2.67
 3      10 %      10 %       18.36       2.63
DDGS can be used at 10% or less in Turkey Diets
   Suggested Levels of DDGS
                   Minimum   Maximu
                             m
Poultry Broilers   12%       15%
Poultry Layers     10%       12%
Poultry Turkeys    8%        10%
                          DDGS in Nursery Pigs Diet
                            Average Dalily Gain
                600
Grams per day



                500
                400
                                            ADG 0-14 days
                300                         ADG 14-35 days
                                            ADG 0-35 days
                200
                100
                      0         10          20               30
                                 Percent DDGS
                              DDGS in Nursery Pigs Diet
                                   Gain to Feed
                 1
Grams per day



                0.9                               GF 0-14 days
                                                  GF 14-35 days
                0.8                               GF 0-35 days


                0.7
                0.6
                0.5
                      0   5        10     15     20               25   30
                                     Percent DDGS
 Phase Inclusion Rates DDGS
            Swine
                 Minimum   Maximum
Nursery (>15 lbs) 5%       25%
Grow-finish      10%       20%
Gestating sows   20%       50%
Lactating sows   5%        20%
Boars            20%       50%
 Suggested Inclusion of DDGS in
  Diets for Companion Animals
       Animal     Maximum Inclusion
                     Rates DDGS
Horses                   20%
Rabbits                  20%
Growing puppies          10%
Adult dogs               25%
                             Performance DDGS 0 to 50%

                 2.00
                 1.90
ADG Kg per Day



                 1.80               Average Daily Gain
                 1.70        y = -0.0003x2 + 0.0197x + 1.6606
                 1.60                   R2 = 0.9201
                 1.50
                                      Maximun 32.8% WDGS DMB
                 1.40
                 1.30
                 1.20
                        0   10        20       30       40          50   60
                                 Percent of WDGS Dry Matter Basis
                              Performance DDGS 0 to 50%

               6.6
               6.5
               6.4
               6.3                       Feed to gain
Feed to Gain




               6.2              y = 0.0005x2 - 0.039x + 6.5036
                                         R2 = 0.8785
               6.1
               6.0
                                         Maximum 39% WDGS DMB
               5.9
               5.8
               5.7
               5.6
                     0   10         20        30        40       50   60
                                      Percent of WDGS
                      Performance DDGS 0 to 50%

                              Feed to gain
7.00
                     y = 0.0005x2 - 0.039x + 6.5036
6.00                          R2 = 0.8785
                                                      39.0%
5.00

4.00
                   Average Daily Gain
3.00       y = -0.0003x2 + 0.0197x + 1.6606
                      R2 = 0.9201
2.00
                                   32.8%
1.00
       0        10         20         30          40          50   60
                                Percent of WDGS
DDGS can be an Alternative
Hay
Fiber source
Improved ruminal environment
Enhance diet digestibility
Good source of protein
Effective NDF is limited
COW CALF OPERATIONS DDGS
  CAN BE AN ALTERNATIVE

Feeding hay
Poor pasture
Limited forage availability
DDGS CAN REPLACE ENERGY
      AND PROTEIN

500 Gms of DDGS equal 1 kg of 15 %
hay.
500 Gms of DDGS equal 500 Gms of a 30
% CP cube or supplement.
500 gms DDGS at 0.75% P equals 3.4 gm
of P
GUIDELINES WHEN FEEDING
  DDGS TO DAIRY COWS
Maintain a particle length of the TMR (at
least 6 to 8% of particles less than 19
mm).
Formulate to have adequate CP, RUP,
and RDP.
Avoid lysine deficiency.
Avoid fat greater than 6%.
     Suggested Levels DDGS
  Beef Cattle     Minimum          Maximum

Feed Lot            20 %             40%
Cows            3.5 kg per day   4.5 kg per day
Dairy Cows           10 %             20%
  Thank You




David Hutcheson, PhD.
  Amarillo, TX USA

								
To top