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Definition of a Parent:

                   When we use the term "parent", we are referring to biological mothers and fathers
                   as well as the many different adults who take on the role of raising a child over time.

                   The Creating Parenting-rich Communities Initiative has recognized 22 different groups of parents thus far
                   and will continue to build understanding of and resources for the wide array of adults raising children and
                   youth. Our first effort in this work is Parent Data Sources located on the CPRC webpage at:
                   www.cwla.org/parenting




About the Design Guides (DG)

                   DG Content: What types of information can I find in a Design Guide?


                   DG Structure: Why are there three Design Guides?


                   DG Purpose: How might a Design Guide help me in my work with parents?


                   DG Limitations: What Design Guides are NOT.


                   DG Growth: How can you add to this resource and share your knowledge with others across the nation?
                                                                                                                                     2 of 4
About the Design Guides (continued)

                 DG Content: What types of information can I find in a Design Guide?
                      Within each design guide, you will find information on parent supports in eight key areas:
                           Childcare & Afterschool Activities          Financial Security
                           Education                                   Health: Physical Health, Mental Health and Substance Abuse
                           Employment                                  Housing
                           Family Structure & Support                  Safe Neighborhoods & Environments

                       Each key area has several subtopics to help you find information quickly.

                       And each subtopic contains information and links to:

                         ◊   Collections of Evaluated Programs and Policies:          Accessible, web-based sites where
                             can find listings of policies and programs. Please note that whenever possible, we listed sites where
                             the work had been evaluated. However, some key areas and many policies lack strong outcome
                             evaluations.

                         ◊   Research Sources:      Online sources with program evaluation and/or research studies related to key areas.

                         ◊   Specific Programs, Practices and Policies: Examples of programs, practices and policies that engage parents,
                             involve parents and/or impact parents with links connecting you to existing research on these programs. Please
                             note that we made every effort to include only those programs and policies that had been evaluated. Some key
                             areas do not yet have a wealth of outcome studies behind their work.


                 DG Structure
                      As children grow, their needs change. Similarly, as the needs of children change, the types of supports that parents
                      require may also change. To assist you in finding age and stage appropriate information for parent support, we have
                      created three different Design Guides.

                         ◊   Design Guide One: Supports for Parents of Young Children, Ages 0-5

                         ◊   Design Guide Two: Supports for Parents of School-Age Children, Ages 6-12

                         ◊   Design Guide Three: Supports for Parents of Teens and Young Adults, Ages 13-20
                                                                                                                                         3 of 4
About the Design Guides (continued)


                 DG Purpose
                       The wide range of information in each Design Guide will connect you to online sources of information that will:
                         ◊ Provide you with quick, easy access to collections of evaluated programs and policies.

                         ◊   Connect you with online sources of research information that can be helpful in educating decision-makers about
                             topics related to parent support, help program developers draft informed grant proposals or policy statements and
                             aid you in staying current with the research related to your work.

                         ◊   Provide you with examples of programs and policies from around the country that have shown positive outcomes
                             for parents and/or involve parents in significant ways. In many topic areas, there is a good and growing
                             understanding of what works. In other topic areas, there is limited outcome evaluation information available.



                 DG Limitations
                       The Design Guides contain information about parent supports that is readily accessible online at no or very low cost.

                       When using a Design Guide, one should note that the practices, programs and policies are not necessarily endorsed by
                       CWLA. The DG's are meant to connect policy-makers, human service professionals and community leaders to
                       information. Whenever possible, the DG's link to the research behind a given program, policy or practice. Those using
                       the DG's should examine this research closely to determine whether this practice, program or policy is appropriate for
                       their community.

                       While we encourage the use of evidence-based programs and policies, we realize that their selection and replication is an
                       extensive process that should be undertaken carefully to match community need and resources with the positive
                       outcomes and structures of evidence-based programs and policies.



                 DG Growth
                       If you know of any additional online resources that should be added to the Design Guides, please send the information to
                       Jo Johnson at jojohnson@cwla.org. We will be updating these guides in 2007.
                                                                                                                                             4 of 4
About the Creating Parenting-rich Communities Initiative!

                  The Design Guides are only one resource developed by this Initiative. Additional tools and resources are available online to
                  assist you in understanding the needs and strengths of parents in your community as you create your own parenting-rich
                  community.



About the Child Welfare League of America ( CWLA)

                  The Child Welfare League of America, the nation's oldest and largest membership-based child welfare organization, is known
                  and respected as a champion for children since 1920. Our primary objective, and the title of our strategic plan and our National
                  Framework for Community Action, is Making Children a National Priority. To do that, we must engage all Americans in
                  promoting the well-being of children and youth and protecting them from harm.



About The Prudential Foundation

                  We would like to thank The Prudential Foundation for its generous support of The Creating Parenting-rich Communities
                  Initiative . Their financial assistance has allowed CWLA to pilot this effort in three cities, develop the resources needed for
                  national replication and make all of these materials available at no cost.




Special Thanks to Many
                  To the entire team of staff and interns at CWLA who worked long hours to develop the Design Guides, I would like to extend a
                  special thank you. DG's were made possible by the tireless attention to detail by John Petro, Heather Riden, Anna Christ,
                  Camille Murphy and Margie Fowler.
                                                                                                      Thank you so much, Jo
CWLA's Creating Parenting-rich Communities Initiative!                                                     www.cwla.org/parenting


DESIGN GUIDE ONE: Supports for Parents of Young Children, Ages 0-5

Key Area: CHILDCARE & AFTERSCHOOL ACTIVITIES                                                                                                Version: 2006-5
Subtopic: Accessibility & Affordability
               Organization          Section              Brief Description of Content                     URL
Collections    Zero to Three         Policies and         A research-based, non-partisan program that      http://www.zerotothree.org/ztt
of Evaluated                         Legislation: Child   brings the voice of babies and toddlers to       _professionals.html
Programs                             Care                 public policy to promote good health, strong
and/or                                                    families, and positive early learning
Policies                                                  experiences.


               Cornell University.   Child Care as        This center provides extensive online            http://government.cce.cornell.
                                     Economic Policy      information to identify the economic linkages    edu/doc/viewpage_e.asp?ID=
                                                          of child care and regional economies. A          Child_Care
                                                          qualitative database contains economic
                                                          demographic and policy data for all 50 states.
                                                          A quantitative database contains state and
                                                          local studies, research reports, economic
                                                          analyses and childcare policy information.


               Organization       Section             Brief Description of Content                   URL
Research       Center for Law and Childcare and Early Promoting policies that support both child     http://www.clasp.org/publicati
Sources        Social Policy      Education           development and the needs of low-income        ons.php?id=3#0
                                                      working parents and on expanding the
                                                      availability of resources for child care and
                                                      early education initiatives. CLASP examines
                                                      the impact of welfare reform on child care
                                                      needs; studies the relationships between child
                                                      care subsidy systems, the Head Start
                                                      program, pre-kindergarten efforts, and other
                                                      early education initiatives; and explores how
                                                      these systems can be responsive to the
                                                      developmental needs of all children.
            National Child Care Online library            A national clearinghouse and technical            http://nccic.org/
            Information Center                            assistance center that links parents,
                                                          providers, policy-makers, researchers, and
                                                          the public to early care and education
                                                          information.

                                                                                                                                        Findings
            Name                  Organization            Desired Outcomes                                  Key Studies
Specific    Public-Private        Child Care              Improve the accessibility and quality of child    A Guide to Successful       Outlines ten principles that are
Policies,   Partnerships          Partnership Project     care.                                             Public-Private Partnerships required to create a successful
Practices                                                                                                   for Child Care (1998). The  public-private partnership.
and                                                                                                         Child Care Partnership
Programs                                                                                                    Project, US Department of
                                                                                                            Health and Human Services.

                                                                                                            http://nccic.org/ccpartnership
                                                                                                            s/guide/index.html
            http://nccic.org/ccpa http://nccic.org/ccpa
            rtnerships/home.ht rtnerships/home.ht                                                           http://www.nwlc.org/pdf/Child
            m                     m                                                                         CareVOICESReport_Septem
                                                                                                            ber2005.pdf

            Delivering child                              Create and stabilize child care availability in   Rachel Schumacher, Kate          Contracts help states target the
            care services                                 certain areas; provide child care to meet the     Irish, and Mark H. Greenberg     needs of special populations;
            through contracted                            needs of certain populations, specific to the     (2003). Untapped Potential?      many providers prefer contracts;
            providers                                     needs of that state; to extend the day and         How States Contract             contracts allow states to
                                                          year of care for children in Head Start; and to   Directly With Providers to       conduct closer provider
                                                          improve the quality of program standards and      Shore Up Child Care              monitoring; most state
                                                          enhance the services in child care.               Choices for Low-Income           administrators using contracts
                                                                                                            Families. Center for Law         would recommend them to other
                                                                                                            and Social Policy:               states.
                                                                                                            Washington, DC.
                                                                                                            http://www.clasp.org/publicati
                                                                                                            ons/untapped_rpt.pdf

            Tax Incentives for    National                Increase Employer-supported child care
            Employer-             Conference of
            Supported Child       State Legislatures
            Care
                                  http://www.ncsl.org/
                                  programs/cyf/TAXC
                                  REDT.htm
               Smart Start         The North Carolina     Provide early education funding through a          ―Smart Start and Preschool        Participation in Smart Start-
                                   Partnership for        public-private initiative to improve the quality   Child Care Quality in NC:         funded activities was
                                   Children               of child care, make child care more affordable     Change Over Time and              significantly positively related to
                                                          and accessible, provide access to health           Relation to Children‘s            child care quality.
                                                          services and offer family support.                 Readiness‖ (2003). FPG-
                                                                                                             UNC Smart Start Evaluation
                                                                                                             Team. FPG Child
                                                                                                             Development Institute, The
                                                                                                             University of North Carolina
                                                                                                             at Chapel Hill.

                                   http://www.smartstar                                                      http://www.fpg.unc.edu/smart
                                   t-                                                                        start/reports/Child_Care_Qua
               http://www.smartsta nc.org/overview/ncp                                                       lity_2003.pdf
               rt-nc.org/          c.htm


Subtopic:      Quality & Content
               Organization      Section                  Brief Description of Content                       URL
Collections    Zero to Three     Policies and             A research-based, non-partisan program that        http://www.zerotothree.org/ztt
of Evaluated                     Legislation: Child       brings the voice of babies and toddlers to         _professionals.html
Programs                         Care                     public policy to promote good health, strong
and/or                                                    families, and positive early learning
Policies                                                  experiences.


               Harvard Family      Early Childhood        HFRP provides excellent information on         http://www.gse.harvard.edu/hf
               Research Project    Evaluation Project     emerging national trends and best practices in rp/projects/heinz.html
                                                          early care and education.



               Organization        Section                Brief Description of Content                       URL
Research       Child Care and      Child Care and         Provides researchers, policymakers, policy         http://childcareresearch.org/di
Sources        Early Education     Early Education        influencers, and practitioners with one-stop       scover/index.jsp
               Research            Research               access to a continually updated,
               Connections         Connections            comprehensive, and searchable collection of
                                                          Original Research and related resources


               RAND                Child Policy           Information on research and policy analysis        http://www.rand.org/child/bib/
                                   Research Area          for child care, school readiness and universal     20.html
                                                          pre-k
            National Institute  The NICHD Study         Provides abstracts and some full articles         https://secc.rti.org/publication
            on Child Health and of Early Child Care     derived from a longitudinal study of how child    s.cfm#published
            Development         and Youth               care experiences and characteristics impact
                                Development             children's developmental outcomes.
                                                        Publications listed from 1993 to present.


                                                                                                                                             Findings
            Name             Organization               Desired Outcomes                                  Key Studies
Specific    Child Care and   Child Care Bureau          Provide federal resources for child care that     Child Care and Development         CCDF, along with the
Policies,   Development Fund                            support both direct services and quality          Fund Expenditure Data              Temporary Assistance to Needy
Practices                                               enhancements.                                     (2005). Child Care Bureau,         Families (TANF) program and
and                                                                                                       Administration for Children        related funding streams,
Programs                                                                                                  and Families, US                   provides more than $11 billion
                                                                                                          Department of Health and           each year to States, Tribes, and
                                                                                                          Human Services.                    Territories to enable low-income
                                                                                                          http://www.acf.hhs.gov/progra      families to access quality child
                                                                                                          ms/ccb/research/index.htm          care. Nationally, more than 1.8
                                                                                                                                             million children receive
                                                                                                                                             subsidized child care funded
                                                                                                                                             through CCDF each month.
                                 http://www.acf.hhs.g                                                     http://www.acf.hhs.gov/progra
                                 ov/programs/ccb/res                                                      ms/ccb/research/index.htm
                                 earch/index.htm

            Tiered strategy      National               Raise compensation for higher quality
            systems              Conference of          providers, provide information to parents so
                                 State Legislatures     they may better understand and evaluate the
                                                        quality of programs, and improve the
                                                        competency level of providers by raising
                                                        standards.
                                 http://www.ncsl.org/
                                 programs/cyf/ccslr_
                                 sept04.htm
            Delivering child                            Create and stabilize child care availability in   Rachel Schumacher, Kate            Contracts help states target the
            care services                               certain areas; provide child care to meet the     Irish, and Mark H. Greenberg       needs of special populations;
            through contracted                          needs of certain populations, specific to the     (2003). Untapped Potential?        many providers prefer contracts;
            providers                                   needs of that state; to extend the day and         How States Contract               contracts allow states to
                                                        year of care for children in Head Start; and to   Directly With Providers to         conduct closer provider
                                                        improve the quality of program standards and      Shore Up Child Care                monitoring; most state
                                                        enhance the services in child care.               Choices for Low-Income             administrators using contracts
                                                                                                          Families. Center for Law           would recommend them to other
                                                                                                          and Social Policy:                 states.
                                                                                                          Washington, DC.
                                                                                              http://www.clasp.org/publicati
                                                                                              ons/untapped_rpt.pdf

Listing provider                           Increase parents' access to information.           Ann Dryden Witte and             Changed the behavior of child
inspection and                                                                                Magaly Queralt (2004).           care inspectors and improved
complaints on the                                                                             What Happens When Child          the quality of child care received
internet                                                                                      Care Inspections and             by low-income children
                                                                                              Complaints are Made
                                                                                              Available on the Internet?
                                                                                              National Bureau of Economic
                                                                                              Research: Cambridge, MA.
                                                                                              http://www.nber.org/papers/W
                                                                                              10227

Smart Start         The North Carolina     Provide early education funding through a          ―Smart Start and Preschool       Participation in Smart Start-
                    Partnership for        public-private initiative to improve the quality   Child Care Quality in NC:        funded activities was
                    Children               of child care, make child care more affordable     Change Over Time and             significantly positively related to
                                           and accessible, provide access to health           Relation to Children‘s           child care quality.
                                           services and offer family support.                 Readiness‖ (2003). FPG-
                                                                                              UNC Smart Start Evaluation
                                                                                              Team. FPG Child
                                                                                              Development Institute, The
                                                                                              University of North Carolina
                                                                                              at Chapel Hill.


                                                                                              http://www.fpg.unc.edu/smart
                    http://www.smartstar                                                      start/reports/Child_Care_Qua
                    t-                                                                        lity_2003.pdf
http://www.smartsta nc.org/overview/ncp
rt-nc.org/          c.htm
CWLA's Creating Parenting-rich Communities Initiative!                                                  www.cwla.org/parenting


DESIGN GUIDE ONE: Supports for Parents of Young Children, Ages 0-5

Key Area: EDUCATION                                                                                                                     Version: 2006-5
Subtopic: Parent Involvement
               Organization        Section              Brief Description of Content                    URL
Collections    Promising           Children Ready for   The Promising Practices Network (PPN) is        http://www.promisingpractice
of Evaluated   Practices Network   School               dedicated to providing quality evidence-based   s.net/programs_topic_list.asp
Programs                                                information about what works to improve the     ?topicid=5
and/or                                                  lives of children, youth, and families.
Policies



               Harvard Family      Early Childhood      HFRP provides excellent information on          http://www.gse.harvard.edu/hf
               Research Project    Evaluation Project   merging national trends and best practices in   rp/projects/heinz.html
                                                        early care and education.




               Organization        Section              Brief Description of Content                    URL
Research       The High/Scope      Research             Research studies on the effects of              http://www.highscope.org/Res
Sources        Educational                              educational programs at all levels and on the   earch/homepage.htm
               Research                                 factors that contribute to program quality.
               Foundation


               Harvard Family      Early Childhood    HFRP provides excellent information on the        http://www.gse.harvard.edu/hf
               Research Project    Care and Education latest research in early childhood education      rp/pubs/pubslist.html#ECHea
                                                      and parent involvement in education in this       d
                                                      section.



               SEDL. National      Resources            Online library of research articles, research   http://www.sedl.org/connectio
               Center for Family                        syntheses, strategy briefs and tools.           ns/resources.html
               and Community
               Connections with
               Schools



               Name                Organization         Desired Outcomes                                Key Studies                     Findings
Specific       The HIPPY Model     HIPPY USA              Empowers parents to be their child's first         Arkansas Statewide Study,    Participating families talk more,
Policies,                                                 teacher. Promote parent involvement in             1999. Texas Studies in 1998- read more and have more
Practices                                                 education and child's readiness for school.        1999 and 1999-2000           positive interactions with their
and                                                                                                                                       children. They engage in more
Programs                                                                                                                                  educational activities at home
                                                                                                                                          and in their communities.
                                                                                                                                          Participating parents know more
                                                                                                                                          about child rearing, use more
                                                                                                                                          positive discipline, are more
                                                                                                                                          confident about parenting, have
                                                                                                                                          better communication skills,
                                                                                                                                          have less parenting stress, and
                                                                                                                                          are more involved with and
                                                                                                                                          securely attached to their
                                                                                                                                          children. Children show
                                                                                                                                          improved early literacy,
                                                                                                                                          language, problem solving,
                                                                                                                                          social awareness and
                                                                                                                                          competence, and basic skills.



               http://www.hippyusa http://www.hippyusa.                                                                                      http://www.hippyusa.org/Model/
               .org/Model/model.ht org/About_HIPPY/a                                                                                         model.html
               ml                  bout_HIPPY.html




Subtopic: Readiness for School

               Organization       Section                 Brief Description of Content                   URL
Collections    State Early        Publications            A network of experts on early childhood        http://www.finebynine.org/ind
of Evaluated   Childhood Policy                           issues available to help state decision makers ex.html
Programs       Technical                                  design early childhood policies.
and/or         Assistance Network
Policies

               Child Trends        School Readiness       This online guide will help you identify factors   http://www.childtrends.org/_d
                                                          important to readiness for school and              ocdisp_page.cfm?LID=82530
                                                          programs to achieve it.                            A0F-03A4-4CC7-
                                                                                                             ACBF36EBFC4668B8
           National            Public Policy        Information on federal policies and legislation, http://www.naeyc.org/policy/
           Association for the                      state trends and policies. Includes toolkit and
           Education of Young                       link to information on critical issues.
           Children (NAEYC)

           Promising           Children Ready for   The Promising Practices Network (PPN) is      http://www.promisingpractice
           Practices Network   School               dedicated to providing quality evidence-based s.net/programs_outcome.asp
                                                    information about what works to improve the   #ready
                                                    lives of children, youth, and families.




           RAND Corporation    "Early Childhood     An analysis of effective early childhood        http://www.rand.org/pubs/mo
                               Interventions:       intervention programs, elements of effective    nographs/MG341/index.html
                               Proven Results,      approaches and financial benefits of quality
                               Future Promise."     programs
                               by Lynn A. Karoly,
                               M. Rebecca
                               Kilburn, Jill S.
                               Cannon. (2005)




           Organization        Section              Brief Description of Content                    URL
Research   Child Trends        Early Childhood      research studies and analyses regarding         http://www.childtrends.org/_p
Sources                        Development          parent involvement in education, child care     ortalcat.cfm?LID=F322B918-
                                                    and early childhood education.                  A5A1-4325-
                                                                                                    8EE3A0091318A0F3&CID=D
                                                                                                    662C83D-BEEE-4E8E-
                                                                                                    A926F89515009A78

           Harvard Family      Early Childhood    HFRP provides excellent information on the        http://www.gse.harvard.edu/hf
           Research Project    Care and Education latest research in early childhood education      rp/pubs/pubslist.html#ECHea
                                                  and parent involvement in education in this       d
                                                  section.

           National Institute  Publications, Facts Research, policy and program information on      http://nieer.org/
           for Early Education and Figures.        preschool and pre-k.
           Research. Rutgers
           University.
           Graduate School of
           Education.
            Name                   Organization          Desired Outcomes                                 Key Studies                     Findings
Specific    Head Start Family                            Provide quality child care while meeting the     ―Evaluation of Head Start       Family child care homes appear
Policies,   Child Care                                   needs of parents.                                Family Child Care               to provide a viable option for
Practices                                                                                                 Demonstration: Final            delivery of Head Start services.
and                                                                                                       Report‖ (2000).
Programs                                                                                                  Commissioner's Office of
                                                                                                          Research and Evaluation
                                                                                                          and the Head Start Bureau
                                                                                                          Administration on Children,
                                                                                                          Youth and Families U.S.
                                                                                                          Department of Health and
                                                                                                          Human Services.

            http://www.acf.hhs.g                                                                          http://www.acf.hhs.gov/progra
            ov/programs/opre/h                                                                            ms/opre/hs/eval_hs_fam/repo
            s/eval_hs_fam/#ove                                                                            rts/fcc_final.pdf
            rview

            First 5 California‘s   Center for Healthier Help young children and their families
            School Readiness       Children, Families   succeed in the first years of school.
            Initiative             & Communities



            http://www.ccfc.ca.g http://www.healthych
            ov/                  ild.ucla.edu/First5C
                                 AReadiness/materia
                                 ls/practitioner/SRPr
                                 actitionerBriefs.All5
                                 Elements.pdf



            Parents as             Parents as            Increases parent knowledge and improves          Judy Pfannenstiel, Theodora Increased parent knowledge of
            Teachers               Teachers              parent practices, provides early detection of    Lambson, and Vicki Yarnell    child development. Mediation of
                                                         child health issues and delays, prevents child   (1996). ―The Parents as       family risk factors.
                                                         abuse and neglect, improves child's              Teachers Program:
                                                         readiness for school and school success          Longitudinal Follow-Up to the
                                                                                                          Second Wave Study.‖
                                                                                                          Missouri Department of
                                                                                                          Elementary & Secondary
                                                                                                          Education and Parents as
                                                                                                          Teachers National Center,
                                                                                                          Inc.
http://www.parentsa    http://www.parentsa                                                     http://www.parentsasteachers
steachers.org/site/p   steachers.org/site/p                                                    .org/atf/cf/{7A832E5A-3E17-
p.asp?c=ekIRLcMZ       p.asp?c=ekIRLcMZ                                                        4576-8C7E-
JxE&b=272091           JxE&b=272091                                                            F921E4ABDCA5}/2ndWaveF
                                                                                               ollow-up.PDF

Early Head Start       Head Start Bureau      Enhance children‘s development and health,       ―Making a Difference in the      Positive impacts on cognitive,
                                              strengthen family and community                  Lives of Infants and Toddlers    language, and social-emotional
                                              partnerships, and support the staff delivering   and Their Families: The          development. Also, there were
                                              new services to low-income families with         Impacts of Early Head Start‖     favorable impacts on a wide
                                              pregnant women, infants, or toddlers             (2002). Child Outcomes           range of parenting outcomes.
                                                                                               Research and Evaluation;         These include positive impacts
                                                                                               Office of Planning,              on parental emotional support
                                                                                               Research, and Evaluation         and support for language and
                                                                                               Administration for Children      learning and discipline
                                                                                               and Families; and the Head       practices. The programs also
                                                                                               Start Bureau Administration      had important impacts on
                                                                                               on Children, Youth and           parents‘ progress towards self-
                                                                                               Families Department of           sufficiency. Stronger outcomes
                                                                                               Health and Human Services.       for mixed-approach and center-
                                                                                                                                based programs rather than in-
                                                                                                                                home programs.




http://www.acf.hhs.g http://www.acf.hhs.g                                                      http://www.acf.hhs.gov/progra
ov/programs/hsb/pr ov/programs/hsb/                                                            ms/opre/ehs/ehs_resrch/repo
ograms/ehs/ehs2.ht                                                                             rts/impacts_vol1/impacts_vol
m                                                                                              1_title.html



Parent-Child Home The Parent-Child            Prepare young children for school success by     Levenstein, P., Levenstein       Parent-Child Home Program
Program           Home Program                increasing language and literacy skills,         S., & Oliver, D. (2002) ―First   children performed markedly
                                              enhancing socio-emotional development, and       grade school readiness of        better on the Cognitive Skills
                                              strengthening the parent-child relationship      former child participants in a   Assessment Battery than their
                                                                                               South Carolina replication of    counterparts.
                                                                                               the Parent-Child Home
                                                                                               Program.‖ Journal of Applied
http://www.parent-                                                                             http://www.parent-
child.org/nationalce http://www.parent-                                                        child.org/research/index.html
nter/index.html      child.org/nationalcen
                     ter/index.html
Abecedarian Early   The Carolina        Improving the educational success of children Leonard N. Masse and W.                The experimental group children
Childhood           Abecedarian Project in                                            Steven Barnett (2002). ―A              experienced durable gains in IQ,
Intervention                            poverty                                       Benefit Cost Analysis of the           and achievement in
                                                                                      Abecedarian Early Childhood            mathematics and reading.
                                                                                      Intervention.‖ National                Teenage mothers of preschool
                                                                                      Institute for Early Education          children were more likely to
                                                                                      Research.                              have graduated high school, to
                                                                                                                             have received post-secondary
                                                                                                                             training, to be self-supporting,
                                                                                                                             and less likely to have borne
                                                                                                                             subsequent children. Also,
                                                                                                                             mothers with children in the
                                                                                                                             preschool group were generally
                                                                                                                             more likely to be employed and
                                                                                                                             to obtain jobs with a
                                                                                                                             classification of "skilled or semi-
                                                                                                                             skilled."



http://www.fpg.unc.e http://www.fpg.unc.e                                                   http://nieer.org/resources/res
du/~abc/index.cfm du/~abc/index.cfm                                                         earch/AbecedarianStudy.pdf



Home Instruction   HIPPY USA                Empowers parents as primary educators of
for Parents of                              their children in the home and fosters parent
Preschool                                   involvement in school and community life to
Youngsters (HIPPY)                          maximize the chances of successful early
                                            school experiences.


www.hippyusa.org    www.hippyusa.org        www.hippyusa.org


Washington State    Economic              Ensure the provision of quality early childhood   Jen Brown (2002).                Higher wages paid to teachers,
Early Childhood     Opportunity Institute education through the commitment, quality,        ―Washington State Early          leading to higher employee
Education Career                          and continuity of the teacher/caregiver. The      Childhood Education Career       retention rates and education
Development                               program institutionalizes a career ladder with    and Wage Ladder Pilot            levels.
Ladder                                    wage increments based on experience, job          Project: Evaluation Report
                                          responsibility, and relevant education with a     of Year One.‖ Economic
                                          mix of private-public funding.                    Opportunity Institute.
http://www.eoionline   http://www.eoionline                                                http://www.eoionline.org/ELC/
.org/Policy-           .org/ELC/Proposals/                                                 Proposals/ECELadderEvaluat
EarlyLearning&Care     ECE-                                                                ion2002.htm
.htm#Ladder-           PolicyBrief2001.htm
Policy%20Briefs%2
0and%20Issue%20
High Quality Child                            Increase a child's performance in            Peisner-Feinberg, E. S.,         The quality of child care
Care                                          Kindergarten through Second grade.           Burchinal, M. R., Clifford, R.   classroom practices was related
                                                                                           M., Culkin, M.L., Howes, C.,     to children‘s cognitive
                                                                                           Kagan, S. L., Yazejian, N.,      development, while the
                                                                                           Byler, P., Rustici, J., &        closeness of the child care
                                                                                           Zelazo, J. (2000). The           teacher-child relationship
                                                                                           children of the cost, quality,   influenced children‘s social
                                                                                           and outcomes study go to         development through the early
                                                                                           school: Technical report.        school years.
                                                                                           Chapel Hill: University of
                                                                                           North Carolina at Chapel Hill,
                                                                                           Frank Porter Graham Child
                                                                                           Development Center.



                                                                                           http://www.fpg.unc.edu/~nced
                                                                                           l/PDFs/CQO-tr.pdf


Pre-School             The High/Scope         Improved intellectual and social development, Lawrence J. Schweinhart,        Experimental group had more
programs using the     Educational            school success, economic performance, and Ph.D. High/Scope Perry              positive outcomes in education,
High/Scope             Research               reduced commission of crime in adulthood.     Preschool Study Through         economic performance, and
educational model      Foundation                                                           Age 40: Summary,                rates of criminal arrest.
                                                                                            Conclusions, and Frequently
                                                                                            Asked Questions.
                                                                                            High/Scope Educational
                                                                                            Research Foundation.


                       http://www.highscop                                                 http://www.highscope.org/Res
                       e.org/                                                              earch/PerryProject/PerryAge4
                                                                                           0SumWeb.pdf
                                                                                          Charles Bruner. Many          Positive returns on investments
                                                                                          Happy Returns: Three          in early childhood programs
                                                                                          Economic Models that Make
                                                                                          the Case for School
                                                                                          Readiness. State Early
                                                                                          Childhood Policy Technical
                                                                                          Assistance Network.,
                                                                                          December 2004.
                                                                                          http://www.cfpciowa.org/pdf/S
                                                                                          ECPTAN_MHR_final.pdf



                                                                                          http://www.cfpciowa.org/pdf/S
                                                                                          ECPTAN_MHR_final.pdf




Full-time           The Carolina            Enhance cognitive development                 Masse, Leonard and W.            The Abecedarian program "pays
educational         Abecedarian                                                           Steven Barnett. A Benefit        for itself" when all benefits and
intervention in a   Project, FPG Child                                                    Cost Analysis of the             costs are included in the
high-quality        Development                                                           Abecedarian Early                analysis.
childcare setting   Institute, University                                                 Childhood Intervention.
                    of North Carolina                                                     National Institute for Early
                    Chapel Hill                                                           Education Research.
                                                                                          http://nieer.org/resources/res
                                                                                          earch/AbecedarianStudy.pdf


                    http://www.fpg.unc.e                                                  http://nieer.org/resources/res
                    du/~abc/index.cfm                                                     earch/AbecedarianStudy.pdf




Early Care and      Communications          Design and implement strategic public         Economic Development /           A brief description of and link to
Education           Consortium Media        education strategies aimed at creating the    Early Care                       state and national reports
Collaborative       Center                  public will in each of the target states to                                    documenting the economic
                                            expand both the supply and the quality of                                      benefits of early childhood
                                            early care and education resources.                                            investments.



http://www.earlycare http://www.earlycare                                                 http://www.earlycare.org/econ
.org/index.htm       .org/aboutccmc2.ht                                                   dev.htm
                     m
            Name                  Organization        Desired Outcomes                                      Key Studies                     Findings
Specific    Verizon Literacy      National Center for  iImprove adult literacy by providing                 2003 National Assessment        Information on adult literacy for
Policies,   Campus                Family Literacy and  information on literacy and on volunteering.         of Adult Literacy. Many         a nationally representative
Practices                         ProLiteracy          Orientation and training for literacy                reports analyzing the data      sample of adults in homes and
and                               Worldwide            volunteers. Professional development for             from this survey are online.    in prisons.
Programs                                               literacy professionals.



            http://www.famlit.org http://www.literacyca                                                     http://nces.ed.gov/naal/
            /ProgramsandInitiati mpus.org/
            ves/VLC/index.cfm

            Pennsylvania                                  Improve adult literacy in the state by training   Kiresuk, T., Smith, A. &        Summary of results indicates
            Literacy Corps                                college students as literacy tutors               Cardillo, J. (Eds.). 1994.      that tutors are engaged and that
                                                                                                            Goal Attainment Scaling:        adult learners are exceeding
                                                                                                            Applications, Theory, and       their expectation in achieving
                                                                                                            Measurement . Hillsdale, NJ:    their goals for learning.
                                                                                                            Lawrence Erlbaum
                                                                                                            Associates.
            http://www.ed.psu.e                                                                             http://www.ed.psu.edu/paliter
            du/paliteracycorps/                                                                             acycorps/adultlearners/about.
                                                                                                            asp


            Houston READ          Houston READ            Combat illiteracy and promote economic self-
            Commission            Commission              sufficiency by offering programs in adult basic
                                                          education, GED preparation, English as a
                                                          Second Language, family literacy, life skills,
                                                          pre-employment and workplace skills,
                                                          workforce development and financial and
                                                          computer literacy.



            http://www.houread. http://www.houread.
            org/services.html   org/services.html

            Literacy             Literacy USA. The Improve adult literacy by supporting coalitions
            *Americorps          National Alliance of and public policy
                                 Literacy Coalitions
            http://www.naulc.org http://www.naulc.org
            /Literacy_AmeriCor /Literacy_AmeriCorp
            ps.htm               s.htm
Subtopic: Adult Literacy / Education
             Organization         Section                  Brief Description of Content                       URL
Collections  Office of Vocational Family Literacy in       Brief descriptions of and links to family literacy www.ed.gov/about/offices/list/
of Evaluated and Adult Education Adult Ed                  research studies, centers and programs.            ovae/pi/AdultEd/famlit.html
Programs
and Policies


               National Center for   NCFL Programs         Collection of programs that have consistently    www.famlit.org/ProgramsandI
               Family Literacy       and Initiatives       helped families achieve significant outcomes     nitiatives/index.cfm
                                                           and have forged new community
                                                           collaborations to sustain ongoing services for
                                                           families.

               Learning              Adult Literacy        Collection of multi-sensory structured           www.ldaamerica.org/aboutld/
               Disabilities          Reading Programs      language programs.                               professionals/adult_literacy.a
               Association of        For Literacy                                                           sp
               America               Providers


               Organization          Section               Brief Description of Content                     URL
Research       National Center for   Research              Research information on ways to improve          www.ncsall.net/index.php?id=
Sources        the Study of Adult                          adult literacy through improving persistence,    16
               Literacy and                                effective teaching methods and professional
               Learning                                    development.




               American Institutes Adult Education &       Recent Projects includes state results from     www.air.org/ehd/ehd_adult_e
               for Research        Literacy: Recent        the National Assessment of Adult Literacy and d.aspx
                                   Projects;               other adult literacy information; Publications
                                   Publications            includes adult education and literacy materials
                                                           for downloading.


               Nellie Mae            Adult Literacy        Collection of research on critical educational   www.nmefdn.org/research/
               Education             Initiative - Research issues that affect underserved students and
               Foundation                                  adult learners.

               Name                  Organization          Desired Outcomes                                 Key Studies                        Findings
Specific       Toyota Families in   National Center for   Increase achievement of at-risk children from     Research Brief: Changes in       Impact the behaviors and
Programs       Schools              Family Literacy       ages 5 to 12 by implementing strong family        Teacher, Parent, and Child       attitudes of teachers, parents,
and Policies                                              literacy services in elementary schools. The      Behavior and Attitudes in        and children. Produce a
                                                          program emphasizes parents' roles as              TSF Programs. (2003).            learning environment that
                                                          learners as well as supporters of their           National Center for Family       fosters positive changes in
                                                          children's education.                             Literacy. Louisville, KY.        behaviors and attitudes for
                                                                                                                                             families. Teachers become
                                                                                                                                             more comfortable with parents
                                                                                                                                             in the classroom. Parents
                                                                                                                                             become more involved in their
                                                                                                                                             child's learning and in school
                                                                                                                                             activities. Children appear to
                                                                                                                                             perform better in school and
                                                                                                                                             have improved behavior.



               www.famlit.org/Prog www.famlit.org                                                           www.famlit.org/ProgramsandI
               ramsandInitiatives/S                                                                         nitiatives/SchoolFocusedInitia
               choolFocusedInitiati                                                                         tives/TFS-Research-
               ves/index.cfm                                                                                Findings.cfm
               Verizon Literacy     National Center for   Improve adult literacy by providing information   2003 National Assessment         Information on adult literacy for
               Campus               Family Literacy and   on literacy and on volunteering. Orientation      of Adult Literacy. Many          a nationally representative
                                    ProLiteracy           and training for literacy volunteers.             reports analyzing the data       sample of adults in homes and
                                    Worldwide             Professional development for literacy             from this survey are online.     in prisons.
                                                          professionals.
               www.famlit.org/Prog www.literacycampus                                                       http://nces.ed.gov/naal/
               ramsandInitiatives/V .org/
               LC/index.cfm

               Pennsylvania         Pennsylvania          Improve adult literacy in the state by training   Kiresuk, T., Smith, A. &         Summary of results indicates
               Literacy Corps       Literacy Corps        college students as literacy tutors               Cardillo, J. (Eds.). 1994.       that tutors are engaged and that
                                                                                                            Goal Attainment Scaling:         adult learners are exceeding
                                                                                                            Applications, Theory, and        their expectation in achieving
                                                                                                            Measurement . Hillsdale, NJ:     their goals for learning.
                                                                                                            Lawrence Erlbaum
                                                                                                            Associates.

                                                                                                            www.ed.psu.edu/paliteracyco
               www.ed.psu.edu/pal www.ed.psu.edu/pal                                                        rps/adultlearners/about.asp
               iteracycorps/      iteracycorps/
CWLA's Creating Parenting-rich Communities Initiative!                                                  www.cwla.org/parenting


DESIGN GUIDE ONE: Supports for Parents of Young Children, Ages 0-5

Key Area: EMPLOYMENT                                                                                                                       Version: 2006-5
Subtopic: Job Placement and Retention
               Organization       Section               Brief Description of Content                    URL
Collections    The Annie E.       Family Economic       Research and program information on             http://www.aecf.org/initiatives/
of Evaluated   Casey Foundation   Success               workforce development, family economic          fes/index.htm
Programs                                                success and community investments for low-
and/or                                                  income working families
Policies

               The Annie E.       The Jobs Initiative   Examines success of three projects for job      http://www.aecf.org/initiatives/
               Casey Foundation                         retention.


               MDRC               Community             Description of 5 community initiatives          http://www.mdrc.org/subarea
                                  Initiatives           designed to address joblessness in high-        _index_15.html
                                                        poverty urban neighborhoods.



               National           Center for Best       The NGA Center for Best Practices provides      http://www.nga.org/portal/site/
               Governor's         Practices: Social,    information on effective state-level policies   nga/menuitem.50aeae5ff70b
               Association        Economic and          and programs for workforce development.         817ae8ebb856a11010a0/
                                  Workforce
                                  Programs


               Organization       Section               Brief Description of Content                    URL

Research       Urban Institute    Publications, Work    Research on: disabilities and employment, job http://www.urban.org/work/ind
Sources                           and Income            mobility, training, subsidized employment     ex.cfm
                                                        programs, wages, workplace and industry
                                                        studies, and employment/ income data.


               Public/Private     Workforce             Publications on job-retention and               http://www.ppv.org/ppv/workf
               Ventures           Development           advancement.                                    orce_development/workforce
                                                                                                        _development_publications.a
                                                                                                        sp?section_id=5
            The Finance Project Family Economic            Policy research reports, promising practices, http://www.financeproject.org/
                                Success                    clearinghouse of information about welfare,   practice/security.asp
                                                           workforce development, income supplements,
                                                           and work supports.



            Name                  Organization             Desired Outcomes                              Key Studies
                                                                                                         Suzanne L. Wagner, Diana         Findings
Specific    Project Match         Project Match            Higher rates of job retention                 Brooks, and Toby Herr            Experimental group, those who
Policies,                                                                                                (2004). ―Can We Motivate         were offered modest incentives,
Practices                                                                                                People to Become Steady          achieved higher rates of job
and                                                                                                      Workers? 19-Month                retention than control group.
Programs                                                                                                 Findings from Project
                                                                                                         Match‘s Retention Incentives
                                                                                                         Experiment..‖ Project Match.
            http://www.pmatch.o http://www.pmatch.o                                                      http://www.pmatch.org/rp_up
            rg/html/more.html   rg/html/more.html                                                        date_nov_ofour.pdf


            Work Link/ Project    St. Louis Regional       Job Retention                                 ―The Road to Good                Found job placements for 894
            R.E.S.P.E.C.T         Jobs Initiative                                                        Employment Retention:            unemployed or underemployed
                                                                                                         Three Successful Programs        St. Louis residents with low
                                                                                                         from the Jobs                    skills, little work history and
                                                                                                         Initiative‖(2005). Annie E.      other significant barriers to
                                                                                                         Casey Foundation:                employment. Average rate of
                                                                                                         Baltimore, MD.                   job retention after 12 months
                                                                                                                                          was 51 percent.
            http://www.techoppo http://www.techoppo                                                      http://www.aecf.org/publicatio
            rtunities.org/worklin rtunities.org/worklink                                                 ns/data/employment_retentio
            k.htm                 .htm                                                                   n.pdf
                                                                                                         Annette Case, Erin
            Community Jobs        Economic                 Assist those "hard-to-employ"                 Burchfield, and Paul           Higher levels of income, greater
                                  Opportunities                                                          Sommers. "Community Jobs job stability, higher employment
                                  Institute                                                              Outcomes Assessment and rate
                                                                                                         Program Evaluation."
                                                                                                         Economic Opportunities
                                                                                                         Institute.


            http://www.econop.o
            rg/CJReport2000-
            ExecutiveSummary. http://www.econop.o                                                        http://www.econop.org/CJRep
            htm#Top             rg/DEFAULT.HTM                                                           ort2000.pdf
               Jobs-Plus             MDRC                Community-support for employment of public       Riccio, James A (1999).       Not an evaluation.
                                                         housing residents                                "Mobilizing Public Housing
                                                                                                          Communities for Work:
                                                                                                          Origins and early
                                                                                                          accomplishments of the jobs-
                                                                                                          plus demonstration."
                                                                                                          Manpower Demonstration
                                                                                                          Research Corporation.
               http://www.mdrc.org www.mdrc.org                                                           http://www.mdrc.org/publicati
               /area_fact_20.html                                                                         ons/75/full.pdf



Subtopic: Job Supports

               Organization          Section             Brief Description of Content                     URL
Collections    MDRC                  Supports for Low-   Information on several major programs            http://www.mdrc.org/subarea
of Evaluated                         Income Workers      designed to support low-wage workers with        _index_16.html
Programs                                                 earnings supplements and other supports.
and/or
Policies
               MDRC                  Community           Description of 5 community initiatives           http://www.mdrc.org/subarea
                                     Initiatives         designed to address joblessness in high-         _index_15.html
                                                         poverty urban neighborhoods.



               Solutions for         Living-wage Jobs    Information on model programs and research       http://www.solutionsforameric
               America.                                  into issues of transportation to work.           a.org/livingwage/connecting.h
                                                                                                          tml



               Organization          Section             Brief Description of Content                     URL
Research       The Research          Transportation      Program information, publications and            http://www.researchforum.org
Sources        Forum at the                              research information on transportation           /subtopic_summary_25.html
               National Center for                       programs and issues for low-income workers
               Children in Poverty


               Name                  Organization        Desired Outcomes                                 Key Studies                   Findings
Specific       Federal               The Brookings       Access to safe, reliable transportation to get   Evelyn Blumenberg and         Access to a car is a positive
Policies,      transportation        Institution         to work.                                         Margy Waller (2003). ―The     predictor for employment.
Practices      policy for low-                                                                            Long Journey to Work: A
and            income and                                                                                 Federal Transportation
Programs       working families.                                                                          Policy for Working Families.‖
                                                                                                           The Brookings Institution.
and
Programs

               http://www.brook.ed http://www.brook.ed
               u/es/research/proje u/metro/metro.htm
                                                                                                        http://www.brook.edu/es/urba
               cts/wrb/publications/
                                                                                                        n/publications/20030801_Wal
               pb/pb35.htm
                                                                                                        ler.pdf

               Joblinks             Community              Provide transportation to employment and
               Demonstration        Transportation         employment-related destinations for the
                                    Association            unemployed and underemployed.



               http://www.ctaa.org/ http://www.ctaa.org/
               ntrc/atj/joblinks/

               Jobs-Plus            MDRC                   Community-support for employment of public   Riccio, James A (1999).         Enhanced financial work
                                                           housing residents                            "Mobilizing Public Housing      incentives targeted at public
                                                                                                        Communities for Work:           housing residents have the
                                                                                                        Origins and early               potential to increase
                                                                                                        accomplishments of the jobs-    employment and net income
                                                                                                        plus demonstration."            and, even more broadly, to
                                                                                                        Manpower Demonstration          change how families in public
                                                                                                        Research Corporation.           housing perceive the real
               http://www.mdrc.org www.mdrc.org                                                         http://www.mdrc.org/publicati   financial rewards of work.
               /area_fact_20.html                                                                       ons/75/full.pdf



Subtopic: Living Wages

               Organization         Section            Brief Description of Content                     URL
Collections    ACORN's Living       Living Wage Impact Brief descriptions and links to outcomes for     http://www.livingwagecampai
of Evaluated   Wage Resource        Research           cities instituting living wages                  gn.org/index.php?id=1953
Programs       Center               Summaries and
and/or                              Citations

               Organization         Section            Brief Description of Content                     URL
Research       ACORN's Living       Living Wage Impact Brief descriptions and links to outcomes for     http://www.livingwagecampai
Sources        Wage Resource        Research           cities instituting living wages                  gn.org/index.php?id=1953
               Center               Summaries and
                                    Citations

               Name                 Organization           Desired Outcomes                             Key Studies                     Findings
                                                                                                       David Reynolds, Ph.D.,
Specific     City-based Living   Living Wage             To compensate workers at a rate that allows   Rachel Pearson, and Jean     Modest gains in income for a
Policies,    Wage Ordinance      Resource Center         them to afford local costs of living.         Vortkampf (1999). ―The       small number of low-wage
Practices                                                                                              Impact of the Detroit Living workers.
and                                                                                                    Wage Ordinance.‖ Center
Programs                                                                                               for Urban Studies & Labor
                                                                                                       Studies Center College of
                                                                                                       Urban, Labor and
                                                                                                       Metropolitan Affairs, Wayne
                                                                                                       State University.
                                                                                                       http://www.la
             http://www.livingwag http://www.livingwag                                                 www.laborstudies.wayne.edu/
             ecampaign.org/       ecampaign.org/                                                       Resources/1999report.pdf

                                                                                                       Christopher Niedt, Greg      Modest gains in income for a
                                                                                                       Ruiters, Dana Wise, and      small number of low-wage
                                                                                                       Erica Schoenberger (1999). workers.
                                                                                                       ―The Effects of the Living
                                                                                                       Wage in Baltimore.‖
                                                                                                       Working Paper No 119,
                                                                                                       Economic Policy Institute.
                                                                                                       http://www.epinet.org/Workin
                                                                                                       gpapers/BUILD.pdf

             The Living Wage     ACORN's Living          Assist cities in implementing living wage     Living Wage Campaigns: An       A portion of the guide is online.
             Campaign            Wage Resource           policies                                      Activists Guide to Organizing   It consolidates the experience of
                                 Center                                                                a Movement for Economic         living wage campaigns and
                                                                                                       Justice (January 2003           shares lessons learned
                                                                                                       Edition)
             http://www.livingwag http://www.livingwag                                                 http://www.laborstudies.wayn
             ecampaign.org/inde ecampaign.org/inde                                                     e.edu/research/LivingWage.h
             x.php?id=1954        x.php?id=1954                                                        tml

             Increased family    National Center for Improved understanding of effective ways to       Cauthen, N. (2002).             Research summary of the
             income              Children in Poverty. Increase family income through work incentive    "Policies that Improve Family   effects of family income on child
                                 Columbia             policies.                                        Income matter for Children."    development and the impact of
                                 University.                                                           Policy Brief No. 1. Improving   7 policies on work incentive and
                                 Mailman School of                                                     Children's Economic             family income.
                                 Public Health                                                         Security. Research Findings
                                                                                                       about Increasing Family
                                                                                                       Income Through
                                                                                                       Employment.
                                                                                                       http://www.nccp.org/media/ie
                                                                                                       c02a-text.pdf


Subtopic: Workplace Policies
               Organization        Section             Brief Description of Content                 URL
               Sloan Work and      Work Family Links   Links to a vast number of Work-Family        http://wfnetwork.bc.edu/templ
Collections    Family Research                         resources.                                   ate.php?name=workfamily
of Evaluated   Network
Programs
and/or
Policies

               Organization        Section         Brief Description of Content                     URL
Research       Alfred P. Sloan     Workplace,      The goal of this program is to enhance           http://www.sloan.org/program
Sources        Foundation          Workforce, and  scholarly, business, and public understanding    s/stndrd_dualcareer.shtml
                                   Working Familiesof the interaction of family and workplace and
                                                   of how the workplace can be restructured to
                                                   provide more choice in work hours to meet
                                                   the needs of an increasingly diverse
                                                   workforce, particularly working parents and
                                                   older workers.
               Families and Work   When Work Works Provides objective information on work-life      http://www.familiesandwork.o
               Institute                           issues and concerns confronting workers and      rg/announce/workforce.html
                                                   employers in order to inform decision-makers
                                                   in government, business, communities, and
                                                   families. Toward this end, FWI conducts its
                                                   own research studies and supports the field of
                                                   work-life research by bringing researchers
                                                   together, sharing information, and
                                                   collaborating on projects.

               Sloan Work and      Workplace Policies. Extensive information on many workplace      http://wfnetwork.bc.edu/
               Family Research                         policies and job supports.
               Network. Boston
               College

               Name                Organization        Desired Outcomes                             Key Studies                     Findings
Specific    Flex-time; flexible   When Work Works Workplace policies that allow parents to take    Bond, James T.; Ellen            Among employees in effective
Policies,   workforce policies                    leave in order to care for sick children or to   Galinsky; and E. Jeffrey Hill.   workplaces, more than twice as
Practices                                         arrange work schedules to spend time with        When Work Works:                 many express high levels of job
and                                               their family.                                    Summary of Families and          engagement and commitment
Programs                                                                                           Work Institute Research          as employees in ineffective
                                                                                                   Findings. Families and           workplaces; nine times as many
                                                                                                   Work Institute.                  employees express high levels
                                                                                                                                    of satisfaction with their jobs as
                                                                                                                                    employees in ineffective
                                                                                                                                    workplaces; twice as many say
                                                                                                                                    they are ―not at all likely‖ to seek
                                                                                                                                    a new job with another employer
                                                                                                                                    within the next year as
                                                                                                                                    employees in ineffective
                                                                                                                                    workplaces; and nearly three
                                                                                                                                    times as many employees in
                                                                                                                                    effective workplaces exhibit very
                                                                                                                                    good mental health as
                                                                                                                                    employees in ineffective
                                                                                                                                    workplaces.
                                  http://familiesandwo                                             http://familiesandwork.org/3w/
                                  rk.org/3w/index.html                                             research/3wes.html


            Paid parental leave                          Allow parents to care for newborns and    Jane Waldfogel. Public           Extending paid leave by 10
                                                         maintain job and financial security       Policy and Child Outcomes:       weeks reduces overall infant
                                                                                                   New Evidence on Parental         mortality by 2.6%, and post-
                                                                                                   Leave and Child Health.          neonatal mortality by 4.1%.
                                                                                                   Paper presented at the 4th       Longer leave improves infant
                                                                                                   Annual Invitational              health outcomes. Children
                                                                                                   Journalism-Work/Family           whose mothers return to work
                                                                                                   Conference, May 12-13,           within the first 3 months after
                                                                                                   2005, hosted by Brandeis         birth receive less health care
                                                                                                   University and Boston            and are less likely to be breast-
                                                                                                   University, Boston, MA           fed.
                                                                                                   http://www.bcfwp.org/Confere
                                                                                                   nce_papers/Waldfogel.pdf
                                                                                       Berger, Lawrence M., Hill,      Early returns to work ( before 12
                                                                                       Jennifer and Waldfogel,         weeks after birth ) linked to
                                                                                       Jane, "Maternity Leave, Early   reductions in breastfeeding and
                                                                                       Maternal Employment and         immunizations, and increase in
                                                                                       Child Health and                externalizing behaviors in
                                                                                       Development in the US" .        children.
                                                                                       Economic Journal, Vol. 115,
                                                                                       No. 501, pp. F29-F47,
                                                                                       February 2005

                                                                                       http://ssrn.com/abstract=6548
                                                                                       29
California Paid    California Paid          Allow parents to care for newborns while   Arindrajit Dube and Ethan       California companies could save
Parental Leave Act Parental Leave           maintaining job and financial security     Kaplan (2002). ―Paid Family     $89 million, the State of
                                                                                       Leave in California: An         California could save $25 million
                                                                                       Analysis of Costs and           annually. However, SB 1661
                                                                                       Benefits.‖ The Labor Project    would cost California employees
                                                                                       for Working Families.           an average of $2.10 per month,
                                                                                                                       or $2.33 per month for 2003; SB
                                                                                                                       1661 would cost employers an
                                                                                                                       average of $2.10 a month per
                                                                                                                       employee. The total cost per
                                                                                                                       employee is an average of $50
                                                                                                                       a year, and in 2003, $56 a year.

http://www.paidfamil http://www.paidfamil                                              http://www.paidfamilyleave.or
yleave.org/          yleave.org/                                                       g/pdf/dube.pdf
CWLA's Creating Parenting-rich Communities Initiative!                                                         www.cwla.org/parenting


DESIGN GUIDE ONE: Supports for Parents of Young Children, Ages 0-5

Key Area: FAMILY STRUCTURE AND SUPPORTS                                                                                                        Version: 2006-5
Subtopic: Parent-Child Relationship
               Organization          Section                Brief Description of Content                       URL
Collections    U.S. Department of    Emerging Practices     Identifies best practices in the field of child    http://nccanch.acf.hhs.gov/to
of Evaluated   Health & Human        in the Prevention of   abuse prevention. Prevention programs are          pics/prevention/emerging/rep
Programs       Services: Office on   Child Abuse and        reviewed by an advisory group of experts.          ort/emergingb.cfm
and/or         Child Abuse and       Neglect. (2003)        Focus includes: family relationships and
Policies       Neglect               Department of          parenting
                                     Health and Human
                                     Services USA.
               Helping America's     Program Tool           Evidence-based parent education programs           http://www.helpingamericasyo
               Youth                                        are organized by risk and protective factors,      uth.gov/programtool.cfm
                                                            as well as age group, for positive youth
                                                            development.

               Organization          Section                Brief Description of Content                       URL
Research       The Center for        Research:              Researchers at the CECR use diverse                http://eci.uchicago.edu/
Sources        Early Childhood       Maternal Factors in    theoretical and empirical approaches to study
               Research at The       Development            maternal impact on development.
               University of
               Chicago

               Education             Parent Child           The ERIC database contains 1.1 million             http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERIC
               Resources             Relationship           bibliographic citations to a broad collection of   WebPortal/Home.portal?_nfp
               Information Center                           education-related resources, from                  b=true&_pageLabel=Thesaur
                                                            government reports to journal articles.            us&_nfls=false
                                                            Materials include conference proceedings,
                                                            project and program descriptions, curriculum
                                                            guides and bibliographies.

               Name                  Organization           Desired Outcomes                                   Key Studies                     Findings
Specific       Incredible Years      American               Increases in parent positive affect such as                                        BASIC Parent-Training parents
Policies,                            Psychological          praise and reduced use of criticism and                                            reported less antisocial
Practices                            Association            negative commands. Reductions in parental                                          behavior, hyperactivity,
and                                                         depression and increases in parental self-                                         deviance, total behavior
Programs                                                    confidence.                                                                        problems. Children's problem
                                                                                                                                               solving ability improved.
and
Programs

                                                                                                           http://www.promisingpractice
           http://www.incredibl
                                                                                                           s.net/program.asp?programid
           eyears.com
                                  www.apa.org                                                              =134#resultareas
           Early Head Start       Early Head start       Promote healthy prenatal outcomes for             Early Head Start Research         Early Head Start parents were
                                  National Research      pregnant women, enhance the development           Early Head Start Program          more supportive of children's
                                  Center                 of children age 0-3, and support healthy family   Performance Measures,             emotional, cognitive, and
                                                         functioning                                       2001-2003                         language development. A
                                                                                                           Early Head Start Research         notable impact was on parents'
                                                                                                           and Evaluation Project            reading to their children.
                                                                                                           (EHSRE), 1996-2005                Children were more engaging of
                                                                                                           Early Promotion and               their parents, less aggressive
                                                                                                           Intervention Research             and negative towards them
                                                                                                           Consortium (E-PIRC), 2002-        during semi-structured play.
                                                                                                           2006                              children earned significantly
                                                                                                           Infant Mental Health, 2000-       higher standard scores on the
                                                                                                           2001                              Bayley Mental Development
                                                                                                                                             Index (MDI)

                                  http://www.ehsnrc.or                                                     http://www.acf.hhs.gov/progra
                                  g/highlights/researc                                                     ms/opre/project/tprojectIndex.
                                  h.htm                                                                    jsp?topicId=4

           www.ehsnrc.org
           Parent-Child                                  Improve parent-child relationship. Decrease       Foote, RC, Schuhmann, EM,         Parent-Child Interaction Therapy
           Interaction Therapy                           child behavior problems. Increase child's         Jones, ML & Eyberg, SM            is "evidence-based" with a
           (PCIT)                                        prosocial behavior. Improve parenting skills,     1998, ‗Parent-Child               sound theoretical basis
                                                         use positive discipline. Decrease in parenting    Interaction Therapy: A guide      underlying the therapeutic
                                                         stress.                                           for clinicians‘, Clinical Child   intervention. Declines were
                                                                                                           Psychology and Psychiatry,        observed for both externalising
                                                                                                           vol. 3(3), pp. 361-373. Nixon,
                                                                                                           http://www.nctsnet.org/nctsn_     child behaviors such as
                                                                                                           assets/pdfs/promising_practic
                                                                                                           es/PCIT_fact_sheet_2-11-
                                                                                                           05.pdf
             Parents as             Parents as             Enhance child development and school          Judy Pfannenstiel, Theodora Increased parent knowledge of
             Teachers               Teachers               achievement through parent education          Lambson, and Vicki Yarnell    child development. Mediation of
                                                           accessible to all families                    (1996). ―The Parents as       family risk factors.
                                                                                                         Teachers Program:
                                                                                                         Longitudinal Follow-Up to the
                                                                                                         Second Wave Study.‖
                                                                                                         Missouri Department of
                                                                                                         Elementary & Secondary
                                                                                                         Education and Parents as
                                                                                                         Teachers National Center,
                                                                                                         Inc.
                                                                                                         http://www.parentsasteachers
                                                                                                         .org/atf/cf/{7A832E5A-3E17-
                                                                                                         4576-8C7E-
                                                                                                         F921E4ABDCA5}/2ndWaveF
                                                                                                         ollow-up.PDF
             http://www.parentsa    http://www.parentsa                                                  http://www.parentsasteachers
             steachers.org/site/p   steachers.org/site/p                                                 .org/atf/cf/{7A832E5A-3E17-
             p.asp?c=ekIRLcMZ       p.asp?c=ekIRLcMZ                                                     4576-8C7E-
             JxE&b=272091           JxE&b=272091                                                         F921E4ABDCA5}/2ndWaveF
                                                                                                         ollow-up.PDF
             The HIPPY Model        HIPPY USA              Empowers parents to be their child's first    Arkansas Statewide Study,    Participating families talk more,
                                                           teacher. Promote parent involvement in        1999. Texas Studies in 1998- read more and have more
                                                           education and child's readiness for school.   1999 and 1999-2000           positive interactions with their
                                                                                                                                      children. They engage in more
                                                                                                                                      educational activities at home
                                                                                                                                      and in their communities.
                                                                                                                                      Participating parents know more
                                                                                                                                      about child rearing, use more
                                                                                                                                      positive discipline, are more
                                                                                                                                      confident about parenting, have
                                                                                                                                      better communication skills,
                                                                                                                                      have less parenting stress, and
                                                                                                                                      are more involved with and
                                                                                                                                      securely attached to their
                                                                                                                                      children. Children show
                                                                                                                                      improved early literacy,
                                                                                                                                      language, problem solving,
                                                                                                                                      social awareness and
                                                                                                                                      competence, and basic skills.
             http://www.hippyusa http://www.hippyusa.                                                                                  http://www.hippyusa.org/Model/
             .org/Model/model.ht org/About_HIPPY/a                                                                                     model.html
             ml                  bout_HIPPY.html

Subtopic: Parenting Skills and Knowledge
               Organization         Section            Brief Description of Content                       URL
Collections    Zero to Three        Policy Center      Online information and tools to support            http://www.zerotothree.org/po
of Evaluated                                           advocacy for the healthy development infants       licy/
Programs                                               and toddlers, strong families and positive
and/or                                                 learning experiences.
Policies       Education            Parent Education   The ERIC database contains 1.1 million             http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERIC
               Resources                               bibliographic citations to a broad collection of   WebPortal/Home.portal?_nfp
               Information Center                      education-related resources, from                  b=true&_pageLabel=Thesaur
                                                       government reports to journal articles.            us&_nfls=false
                                                       Materials include conference proceedings,
                                                       project and program descriptions, curriculum
                                                       guides and bibliographies.
               Helping America's    Program Tool       Evidence-based parent education programs           http://www.helpingamericasyo
               Youth                                   are organized by risk and protective factors,      uth.gov/programtool.cfm
                                                       as well as age group, for positive youth
                                                       development.


               Strengthening        Model Programs     Contains results of the 1999 search for "best http://www.strengtheningfamil
               America's Families                      practice" family strengthening programs. You ies.org/index.html
                                                       will find two page summaries of family-
                                                       focused programs which have been proven to
                                                       be effective.
               Zero to Three        Parents.           This organization promotes the healthy       www.zerotothree.org
                                    Professionals.     development of infants and toddlers by
                                                       advancing current knowledge; promoting
                                                       beneficial policies and practices;
                                                       communicating research and best practices to
               Organization         Section            Brief Description of Content                 URL
Research       Zero to Three        Parents.           This organization promotes the healthy       www.zerotothree.org
Sources                             Professionals.     development of infants and toddlers by
                                                       advancing current knowledge; promoting
                                                       beneficial policies and practices;
                                                       communicating research and best practices to
                                                       a wide variety of audiences.

               ChildTrends          Young Children     Contains indicators that focus on or provide       http://www.childtrendsdataba
               DataBank             (Ages 1-5)         separate estimates for the approximate age         nk.org/search_age.cfm#ELE
                                                       groups are listed by age group.                    MCH

               Name                 Organization       Desired Outcomes                                   Key Studies                     Findings
Specific    Healthy Families       Healthy Families       Promotes positive parenting practices.            Best-Beginnings: A               Families enrolled in the program
Policies,   America Program        America                Improves family health. Enhances school           randomized controlled trial of   are healthier and use medical
Practices                                                 readiness. Increases self-sufficiency             a paraprofessional home          services more appropriately
and                                                                                                         visiting program (2004).         than members of the general
Programs                                                                                                    Healthy Families America         population, accessing
                                                                                                            Evaluation Information           preventive health care services
                                                                                                                                             and achieving height
                                                                                                                                             immunization rates. Children in
                                                                                                                                             the program receive early
                                                                                                                                             developmental screenings.

            www.healthyfamilier www.healthyfamilier                                                         www.healthyfamiliersamerica.
            samerica.org        samerica.org                                                                org


            Nurturing Program      Family                 Reduce risk factors contributing to substance     Moore, J., and N.                Demonstrated to be effective in
            for Families in        Development            use/abuse by both parents and children in         Finkelstein. 2001. ―Parenting    reducing risk of both child abuse
            Substance Abuse        Resources              families affected by parental substance           Services for Families            and neglect and substance
            Treatment and                                 abuse; enhance relationships between              Affected by Substance            abuse for both parents and
            Recovery                                      parents and children (i.e. strengthening family   Abuse.‖ CHILD WELFARE            children
                                                          protective factors); and strengthen parent's      LXXX(2):221–38.
                                                          sobriety.

            http://www.nurturing http://www.nurturing                                                       http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/e
            parenting.com/rese parenting.com/index                                                          ntrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retriev
            arch_validation/a9_ .htm                                                                        e&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstrac
            np_validation_studi                                                                             t&list_uids=11291902&query_
            es.pdf                                                                                          hl=2

            Parents as             Parents as             Increases parent knowledge and improves           Judy Pfannenstiel, Theodora Increased parent knowledge of
            Teachers               Teachers               parent practices, provides early detection of     Lambson, and Vicki Yarnell    child development. Mediation of
                                                          child health issues and delays, prevents child    (1996). ―The Parents as       family risk factors.
                                                          abuse and neglect, improves child's               Teachers Program:
                                                          readiness for school and school success           Longitudinal Follow-Up to the
            http://www.parentsa    http://www.parentsa                                                      Second Wave Study.‖
            steachers.org/site/p   steachers.org/site/p                                                     Missouri Department of
                                                                                                            http://www.parentsasteachers
            p.asp?c=ekIRLcMZ       p.asp?c=ekIRLcMZ                                                         .org/atf/cf/{7A832E5A-3E17-
            JxE&b=272091           JxE&b=272091                                                             4576-8C7E-
                                                                                                            F921E4ABDCA5}/2ndWaveF
               The HIPPY Model     HIPPY USA              Empowers parents to be their child's first     Arkansas Statewide Study,    Participating families talk more,
                                                          teacher. Promote parent involvement in         1999. Texas Studies in 1998- read more and have more
                                                          education and child's readiness for school.    1999 and 1999-2000           positive interactions with their
                                                                                                                                      children. They engage in more
                                                                                                                                      educational activities at home
                                                                                                                                      and in their communities.
                                                                                                                                      Participating parents know more
                                                                                                                                      about child rearing, use more
                                                                                                                                      positive discipline, are more
                                                                                                                                      confident about parenting, have
                                                                                                                                      better communication skills,
                                                                                                                                      have less parenting stress, and
                                                                                                                                      are more involved with and
                                                                                                                                      securely attached to their
                                                                                                                                      children. Children show
                                                                                                                                      improved early literacy,
                                                                                                                                      language, problem solving,
                                                                                                                                      social awareness and
                                                                                                                                      competence, and basic skills.

               http://www.hippyusa http://www.hippyusa.                                                                                   http://www.hippyusa.org/Model/
               .org/Model/model.ht org/About_HIPPY/a                                                                                      model.html
               ml                  bout_HIPPY.html

Subtopic: Family Structure

               Organization        Section                Brief Description of Content                   URL
Collections    CLASP               Couples and            Provides research information, policy briefs   http://www.clasp.org/publicati
of Evaluated                       Marriage Policy        and fact sheets on programs and policies       ons.php?id=6&type=1#0
Programs                                                  addressing marriage and 2-parent / 1-parent
and/or                                                    family structures
Policies       Child Trends        Marriage / Family.     Information on family structure, roles and     http://www.childtrends.org/_p
                                   Family Strengths       routines that support positive outcomes for    ortalcat.cfm?LID=35C0D4E0-
                                                          children.                                      7E24-473C-
                                                                                                         A2BA891C4C598D21&CID=1
               National              NFI Programming /    Offers innovative fatherhood curricula to help http://www.fatherhood.org
               Fatherhood Initiative NFI Research         you best serve all kinds of fathers at their
                                                          points of need. Includes articles and research;
                                                          training information
           The Research          Family Formation     Program information, publications and            http://www.researchforum.org
           Forum at the                               research information on family structure         /subtopic_summary_23.html
           National Center for                        topics: marriage, fatherhood and family
           Children in Poverty                        formation




           Organization          Section              Brief Description of Content                  URL
Research   The Benheim-          The Fragile          The results of this research provide valuable http://www.fragilefamilies.prin
Sources    Thoman Center for     Families and Child   information on the determinants of children‘s ceton.edu/
           Research on Child     Wellbeing Study      wellbeing, and the mechanisms through which
           Wellbeing.                                 parental resources affect children‘s outcomes
           Princeton                                  for unmarried couples.
           University. Social
           Indicators Survey
           Center. Columbia
           University School
           of Social Work.

           Forum on Child and Childstats.gov          The forum provides easy access to local,         http://www.childstats.gov/resu
           Family Statistics                          state and federal data and statistics on the     lts.asp?field=SbjID&value=79
                                                      size and composition of child populations, the
                                                      composition of families and the environments
                                                      they live in.


           University of         The National         NCOFF is dedicated to research and practice http://www.ncoff.gse.upenn.e
           Pennsylvania,         Center on Fathers    that expands the knowledge base on father    du/
                                 and Families         involvement and family development, and that
                                 (NCOFF)              informs policy designed to improve the well-
                                                      being of children.


           The Gottman           Research.           Research findings on marriage / couples, gay      http://www.gottman.com/abou
           Institute             Published           and lesbian couples and parenting                 t/
                                 Research Abstracts.

           Office of Planning,   Strengthening        Current and in-progress research studies and     http://www.acf.hhs.gov/progra
           Research and          Families and         evaluations for married and unmarried            ms/opre/project/tprojectIndex.
           Evaluation.           Healthy Marriages    couples and stepfamilies can be found at this    jsp?topicId=7
           Administration for    Research             site.
           Children and
           Families.
            Casey Journalism   Families: Family       CJC is a nonprofit, nonpartisan program          http://casey.umd.edu/resourc
            Center             Structure              which inspires and recognizes exemplary          es/topic.cfm?id=32&parent_id
                                                      reporting on children and families. Available    =18
                                                      on the site in information on data/statistics,
                                                      academic/research, advocacy/nonprofit, and
                                                      federal/state information pertinent to family
                                                      structure.
            Name               Organization           Desired Outcomes                                 Key Studies                     Findings
Specific                                                                                               Schneider, B. Atteberry, A.     An analysis of how family
Policies,                                                                                              and Owens, A ( 2005)            structure affects a wide range of
Practices                                                                                              "Family Matters: Family         child and youth outcomes.
and                                                                                                    Structure and Child
Programs                                                                                               Outcomes." Alfred P. Sloan
                                                                                                       Center on Parents, Children
                                                                                                       and Work, University of
                                                                                                       Chicago and NORC

                                                                                                       http://www.alabamapolicy.org
                                                                                                       /PDFs/currentfamilystructure.
                                                                                                       pdf

            Bringing Baby      The Gottman            Support marriage of couples as they transition Shapiro, A.F., and Gottman,       Positive impact noted for marital
            Home.              Institute              into parenthood.                               J.M. (2005). "Effects on          quality, postpartum depression
                                                                                                     marriage of a psycho-             and observed marital conflict
                                                                                                     education intervention with       one year after intervention.
                                                                                                     couples undergoing the
                                                                                                     transition to parenthood,
                                                                                                     evaluation at 1-year post
                                                                                                     intervention." journal of
                                                                                                     Family Communication, 5(1),
                                                                                                     1-24
            http://www.bbhonlin http://www.gottman.                                                    http://www.bbhonline.org/rese
            e.org/                      com/                                                           arch_journal.shtml
             Couples: Relapse   The Gottman        In this research project researchers wanted to                                   The workshop created effective,
             Prevention         Institute          learn how couples workshops can help                                             lasting changes in marital
                                                   couples deepen their friendship and intimacy                                     satisfaction with effects similar
                                                   and build stability in their marriage.                                           to those obtained in six months
                                                                                                                                    of marital therapy. Couples who
                                                                                                                                    participated in the relapse
                                                                                                                                    prevention program, or an
                                                                                                                                    additional nine ―booster
                                                                                                                                    sessions,‖ were better able to
                                                                                                                                    maintain gains made during the
                                                                                                                                    workshop-based intervention
                                                                                                                                    than the couples who did not
                                                                                                                                    receive booster sessions.
             http://www.gottman. www.gottman.com
             com/research/proje
             cts/couples/

Subtopic: Parent Support Networks
             Organization       Section            Brief Description of Content                     URL
Collections  Strengthening      Model Programs     Information and links to evaluated programs      http://www.strengtheningfamil
of Evaluated America's Families                    that are effective in many different areas of    ies.org/html/programs_1999/
Programs                                           child, parent, family and community well-being   programs_list_1999.html
and/or
Policies     Center for the     Strengthening      This website seeks to document how               http://www.cssp.org/doris_du
             Study of Social    Families Through   exemplary programs across the country are        ke/index.html
             Policy             Early Care and     building protective factors; provide tools and
                                Education          resources that will support programs; and
                                                   explore policy and practice changes for the
                                                   prevention of child abuse and neglect.




             Organization       Section            Brief Description of Content                     URL
Research
Sources

             Name               Organization       Desired Outcomes                                 Key Studies                     Findings
Specific     Family support     Family Support      Reduces teenage pregnancies and juvenile        "The State of Family            A description of effective
Policies,    centers            America             delinquency, improves child behavior and        Support: Seven Year Gains       elements in family support
Practices                                           performance at school, increases self-          from the Family Support         centers.
and                                                 confidence, knowledge of child development      America Initiative." (2002)
Programs                                            and parenting skills among parents, reduces
                                                    child abuse and neglect
Programs


           http://www.familysu http://www.familysup                                                   http://www.familysupportamer
           pportamerica.org/co portamerica.org/con                                                    ica.org/content/gains/files/Se
           ntent/lcenter.htm   tent/lcenter.htm                                                       ven_Year_Gains.pdf


           Parents Anonymous Parents Anonymous        Reduces risk factors while increasing           Multiple outcomes evaluation
                                                      protective factors for the reduction of child   studies are available. A new
                                                      abuse and neglect.                              national Outcome Study is in
                                                                                                      progress.
           http://www.parentsa                                                                        http://www.parentsanonymou
           nonymous.org/paht http://www.parentsa                                                      s.org/pahtml/researchResults
             ml/paAbout.html nonymous.org/paht                                                        .html
                               ml/paAbout.html
CWLA's Creating Parenting-rich Communities Initiative!                                                  www.cwla.org/parenting


DESIGN GUIDE ONE: Supports for Parents of Young Children, Ages 0-5

Key Area: FINANCIAL SECURITY                                                                                                               Version: 2006-5
Subtopic: Savings / Asset Development
               Organization        Section              Brief Description of Content                    URL
Collections    Annie E. Casey      Family Economic      Resources on workforce development, family      http://www.aecf.org/initiatives/
of Evaluated   Foundation          Success              economic support programs, and community        fes/fes/supports.htm
Programs                                                investments.
and/or
Policies       Fannie Mae          Fannie Mae           Includes home-ownership guides that outline     http://www.fanniemaefoundati
               Foundation          Foundation           the basics about owning a home, knowing         on.org/
                                                        your credit, borrowing, and choosing the best
                                                        mortgage; homeownership education
                                                        programs that help underserved populations
                                                        gain access to affordable housing and
                                                        become homeowners. Publications include
                                                        educational tools, training manuals, reports,
                                                        periodicals, and analyses of current census
                                                        data.
               Center for Social   Asset-Building       Extensive information about major asset-        http://gwbweb.wustl.edu/csd/
               Development.                             building approaches                             asset/index.htm
               George Warren
               Brown School of
               Social Work.
               Washington
               University.

               Institute on Assets Policy & Research.   Research, policy and program information on http://www.assetinstitute.org/
               and Development. Publications.           state and national efforts in asset development about/work.html
                The Heller School
               for Social Policy
               and Management.
               Brandeis University
           New America        Asset Building     Research and policy information on assisting      www.assetbuilding.org
           Foundation                            Americans accumulate a wide range of
                                                 assets, particularly owning a home, pursuing
                                                 a post-secondary education, starting a
                                                 business, and securing a nest-egg for
                                                 retirement.


           CFED               IDA's and Asset    Rigorous research, analyses of new trends         www.cfed.org
                              Building           and ideas, tests of programs and products
                                                 and advocacy for policies that will lead to a
                                                 more inclusive economy.


           Organization       Section            Brief Description of Content                 URL
Research   Fannie Mae                            Two goals guide the Fannie Mae Foundation's http://www.fanniemaefoundati
Sources    Foundation                            work: 1) to increase the supply of safe,     on.org/
                                                 decent, affordable homes for people who
                                                 need homes the most, and 2) to improve the
                                                 quality of life in our hometown, Washington,
                                                 D.C.

           CFED               IDAs and Asset     CFED works to ensure that every person can        http://www.cfed.org/think.m?i
                              Building           participate in, contribute to, and benefit from   d=169&clusterid=1
                                                 the economy by bringing together community
                                                 practice, public policy, and private markets.
                                                 We identify promising ideas; test and refine
                                                 them in communities to find out what works;
                                                 craft policies and products to help good ideas
                                                 reach scale; and foster new markets to
                                                 achieve greater economic impact.


           The Finance Project Family Economic   Policy research reports, promising practices,     http://www.financeproject.org/
                               Success           clearinghouse of information about asset          practice/security.asp
                                                 building and community development.




           Name               Organization       Desired Outcomes                                  Key Studies                      Findings
Specific    Pilot ATM Program U.S. Treasury             Reduce reliance on costly alternative lending   James H. Carr and Jenny          Alternative lending sources have
Policies,                     Department                sources and increase access to banking          Schuetz (2001). ―Financial       high costs for those who have
Practices                                               services.                                       Services in Distressed           no other lending options. Some
and                                                                                                     Communities: Framing the         households are not able to
Programs                                                                                                Issue, Finding Solutions,‖       establish savings accounts
                                                                                                        and James H. Carr and Lopa       because of a lack of availability.
                                                                                                        Kolluri. ―Predatory Lending:
                                                                                                        An Overview.‖ Financial
                                                                                                        Services in Distressed
                                                                                                        Communities: Issues and
                                                                                                        Answers. Fannie Mae
                                                                                                        Foundation.
                                 http://www.ustreas.g                                                   http://www.fanniemaefoundati
                                 ov/                                                                    on.org/programs/financial.PD
                                                                                                        F
            Individual           CFED                   Building family assets and savings of low-      Gregory Mills, Rhiannon     Encourages savings and asset-
            Development                                 income and working-poor families                Patterson, Larry Orr, Donna building.
            Accounts                                                                                    DeMarco (2004).
                                                                                                        ―Evaluation of the American
                                                                                                        Dream Demonstration: Final
                                                                                                        Evaluation Report.‖ Abt
                                                                                                        Associates, Inc. Prepared
                                                                                                        for The Ford Foundation and
                                                                                                        Charles Stewart Mott
                                                                                                        Foundation.

                                                                                                        http://www.abtassociates.com
                                                                                                        /reports/Final_Eval_Rpt_8-
            http://www.cfed.org/ http://www.cfed.org/
                                                                                                        19-04.pdf
            focus.m              home.m
                                                                                                        Boshara, Ray. (2005)             Key findings on the benefits and
                                                                                                        "Individual Development          limitations of IDA's: lead poor to
                                                                                                        Accounts: Policies to Build      save or acquire assets, but not
                                                                                                        Savings and Assets for the       necessarily accumulate worth
                                                                                                        Poor."                           due to debt; highlights need for
                                                                                                                                         more banking products for the
                                                                                                                                         poor.
                                                                                                        http://www.brook.edu/es/rese
                                                                                                        arch/projects/wrb/publications
                                                                                                        /pb/pb32.htm
               Stretch Loans         ASI Federal Credit    Decrease reliance on alternative lending        Fannie Mae Foundation           Fees for loans are lower than
                                     Union                                                                 (2003). ―Innovations in         payday loans.
                                                                                                           Personal Finance for the
                                                                                                           Unbanked: Emerging
                                                                                                           Practices From the Field.
                                                                                                           Stretch Loan, ASI Federal
                                                                                                           Credit Union.‖ Fannie Mae
                                                                                                           Foundation.

                                     http://www.ncua.gov                                                   http://content.knowledgeplex.
                                     /PALS/BP/PALSDoc                                                      org/kp2/cache/documents/56
                                     s/14692-46,135.htm                                                    29.pdf

               Financial literacy                          Improve asset building decisions and            Elizabeth Bell and Robert I.    Suggestions for improving and a
               education                                   knowledge through financial literacy education. Lerman. 2005 "Can               review of existing financial
                                                                                                           Financial Literacy Affect       literacy programs.
                                                                                                           Enhance Asset Building?"

                                                                                                           http://www.urban.org/Uploade
                                                                                                           dPDF/311224_financial_litera
                                                                                                           cy.pdf

               Social Compact's      Social Compact        Increase the number of banks in underserved
               Market Drill Down                           neighborhoods.

               http://www.socialco http://www.socialco
               mpact.org/research mpact.org/about.ht
               keith.htm           m


Subtopic: Tax Credits
               Organization          Section               Brief Description of Content                    URL
Collections    Brookings Institution Metropolitan Policy   Information on EITC outreach programs.          http://www.brookings.edu/es/
of Evaluated                         Program, Earned                                                       urban/eitc.htm
Programs                             Income Tax Credit
and/or                               Series
Policies
               Tax Policy Center.    Tax Policy to Help    Tax policy recommendations that would assist http://www.taxpolicycenter.or
               A Joint Venture of    Working Families      low-income and working families in 4 areas:  g/home/
               the Urban Institute                         childcare, saver's credit, healthcare and
               and Brookings                               homeownership.
               Institution



               Organization          Section               Brief Description of Content                    URL
Research    Brookings Institution Metropolitan Policy    Information on EITC outreach programs,          http://www.brookings.edu/es/
Sources                           Program, Earned        benefits, and zip code-level information on     urban/eitc.htm
                                  Income Tax Credit      EITC claims for states, counties, cities, and
                                  Series                 towns for tax years 1997 through 2002.

            Center on Budget      Make Tax Time Pay Earned Income Tax Credit Outreach Kit: Fact http://www.cbpp.org/eic2006/i
            and Policy Priorities                   sheets, outreach strategy ideas posters,     ndex.html
                                                    flyers, and envelope stuffers in English and
                                                    Spanish; and the essential tax forms workers
                                                    need to claim the credits


            Name                 Organization            Desired Outcomes                                Key Studies                      Findings
Specific    National Tax         Annie E. Casey          Promote awareness of EITC, eliminate tax        Lisa Kaplan Gordon, Dick         Free tax processing services
Policies,   Assistance for       Foundation              processing fees, encourage asset-building       Mendel, Tom Waldron and          provided to thousands of low-
Practices   Working Families                                                                             Kathryn Hunt (2003). ―How        income families in targeted
and         Campaign                                                                                     Three Sites are Helping Low-     communities.
Programs                                                                                                 Income Families Make the
                                                                                                         Most of the Earned Income
                                                                                                         Credit.‖ The Annie E. Casey
                                                                                                         Foundation.

            http://www.aecf.org/i http://www.aecf.org/                                                   http://www.aecf.org/publicatio
            nitiatives/fes/eitc/                                                                         ns/data/report.pdf

                                                                                                         Lisa Kaplan Gordon, Dick       Increase in the number of EITC
                                                                                                         Mendel, Tom Waldron and        filings in targeted communities.
                                                                                                         Kathryn Hunt (2003). ―How
                                                                                                         Three Sites are Helping Low-
                                                                                                         Income Families Make the
                                                                                                         Most of the Earned Income
                                                                                                         Credit.‖ The Annie E. Casey
                                                                                                         Foundation.
                                                                                                         http://www.aecf.org/publicatio
                                                                                                         http://www.aecf.org/publicatio
                                                                                                         ns/data/report.pdf

            Earned Income Tax Internal Revenue                                                           Kaplan Gordon, Lisa; Dick        Increase in the number of EITC
            Credits (EITC)    Service                                                                    Mendel; Tom Waldron; and         filings in targeted communities.
                                                                                                         Kathryn Hunt (2003). Earn
                                                                                                         It, Keep It, Save It: How
                                                                                                         three sites are helping low-
                                                                                                         income families make the
                                                                                                         most of the Earned Income
                                                                                                         Tax Credit. Annie E. Casey
                                                                                                         Foundation.
               http://www.irs.gov/ir www.irs.gov                                                         http://128.242.238.174/public
               s/article/0,,id=13452                                                                     ations/data/report.pdf
               4,00.html
               Philadelphia's       Greater              To inform of the availability of federal EITC   Feather Houston (2004),          Total tax returns filed at
               Campaign for         Philadelphia Urban   and free tax preparation                        Philadelphia‘s Campaign for      Volunteer Income Tax
               Working Families     Affairs Coalition                                                    Working Families. The            Assistance (VITA) sites
                                                                                                         Brookings Institution Center     increased by 66 percent
                                                                                                         on Urban and Metropolitan        between 2002 and 2003 for a
                                                                                                         Policy.                          total of 8,846 filers.
               http://www.gpuac.or http://www.gpuac.or                                                   http://www.brookings.edu/urb
               g/programs/Campai g/index.html                                                            an/pubs/20040224_houstoun.
               gnforWorkingFamili                                                                        pdf
               es.htm


Subtopic: Financial Literacy
               Organization         Section              Brief Description of Content                    URL
Collections    The Jump $tart                            The Coalition's direct objective is to          www.jumpstart.org
of Evaluated   Coalition                                 encourage curriculum enrichment to ensure
Programs                                                 that basic personal financial management
and/or                                                   skills are attained during the K-12 educational
Policies                                                 experience.
               National Economic    Money                Expertise in a broad range of economic and    http://www.nedlc.org/center/cf
               Development &        Management Links     legal areas, including: workforce             e_mmllic.htm
               Law Center           for Low-Income       development; housing; early education and
                                    Consumers            care; real estate development; non-profit
                                                         corporate law; finance; economic analysis and
                                                         organizational development

               The Finance Project Publications.         "Providing and Funding Financial Literacy       http://www.financeproject.org/
                                   Economic Success      programs for Low-Income Adults and Youth." publications/FESfinancialliter
                                   for Families and      by Pamela Friedman. This strategy brief         acy.pdf
                                   Communities.          discusses effective financial literacy programs
                                                         and how to fund them in your community


               Organization         Section              Brief Description of Content                    URL
Research
Sources

               Name                 Organization         Desired Outcomes                                Key Studies                      Findings
Specific       Financial Links for National Center on      Educate low-income families so that they are    Steve Anderson, Jeff Scott,     Program participants gained in
Policies,      Low-Income People Poverty Law               able to make sound financial decisions about    and Min Zhan (2004).            knowledge and reported
Practices                                                  banking.                                        Financial Links for Low-        improving their budgeting and
and                                                                                                        Income People (FLLIP):          payment practices after
Programs                                                                                                   Final Evaluation Report.        completing FLLIP training.
                                                                                                           School of Social Work
                                                                                                           University of Illinois at
                                                                                                           Urbana-Champaign.
               http://www.povertyla http://www.povertyla                                                   http://www.povertylaw.org/adv
               w.org/advocacy/co w.org/index.cfm                                                           ocacy/community_investment
               mmunity_investmen                                                                           /fllip_ev
               t/fllip.cfm
                                                                                                           Dory Rand (2004).               Increased knowledge and
                                                                                                           ―Financial Education and        positive changes in financial
                                                                                                           Asset Building Programs for     behavior by graduated
                                                                                                           Welfare Recipients and Low      participants.
                                                                                                           Income Workers: The
                                                                                                           Illinois Experience.‖ The
                                                                                                           Brookings Institution Center
                                                                                                           on Urban and Metropolitan
                                                                                                           Policy.
                                                                                                           http://www.brookings.edu/dyb
                                                                                                           docroot/urban/pubs/2004041
                                                                                                           3_doryrand.pdf


Subtopic: Rural Financial Security Strategies
               Organization         Section                Brief Description of Content                    URL
Collections    USDA. Rural          USDA. Rural            Information to improve the quality of life in   http://www.rurdev.usda.gov/rd
of Evaluated   Development          Development            rural areas.                                    /index.html
Programs
and/or
               National Rural       Rural resources on     Links to organizations with information and    http://www.rurdev.usda.gov/nr
Policies
               Development          the Web                expertise in addressing a wide range of issues dp/resources/web_resources.
               Partnership                                 in rural areas.                                html




               Organization         Section                Brief Description of Content                    URL
Research
Sources

               Name                 Organization           Desired Outcomes                                Key Studies                     Findings
Specific    Rural Family     Annie E. Casey              Greater economic success for families in rural
Policies,   Economic Success Foundation                  areas.
Practices
and         http://www.aecf.org/i http://www.aecf.org/
Programs    nitiatives/fes/rural/

            Empowerment          USDA Rural              The empowerment of rural communities             J. Norman Reid (2000).
            Zones (EZ),          Development                                                              Rural Empowerment Zones
            Enterprise                                                                                    and Enterprise
            Communities (EC)                                                                              Communities. USDA Rural
            Champion                                                                                      Development, Office of
            Communities (CC)                                                                              Community Development.
                                http://www.rurdev.us
            http://www.ezec.gov da.gov/rd/index.html                                                      http://www.ezec.gov/Pubs/be
            /About/index.htm                                                                              stprac99.pdf
CWLA's Creating Parenting-rich Communities Initiative!                                                      www.cwla.org/parenting


DESIGN GUIDE ONE: Supports for Parents of Young Children, Ages 0-5

Key Area: HEALTH                                                                                                                            Version: 2006-5
Subtopic: Engaging Parents to Promote the Physical Health of Children
               Organization     Section                    Brief Description of Content                     URL
Collections    American Academy Children's Health          Information on childhood development,            http://www.aap.org/topics.htm
of Evaluated   of Pediatrics    Topics                     medical issues, medical care for infants and     l
Programs                                                   young children.
and/or
Policies
               Center for Disease     Health and Safety    Public policy information to increasing       http://www.cdc.gov/breastfee
               Control and            Topics, Health       breastfeeding rates throughout the United     ding/policies/index.htm
               Prevention             Promotion,           States and to promoting optimal breastfeeding
                                      Breastfeeding        practices.



               Organization     Section                    Brief Description of Content                     URL
Research       American Academy Children's Health          Information on childhood development,            http://www.aap.org/topics.htm
Sources        of Pediatrics    Topics                     medical issues, medical care for infants and     l
                                                           young children.


               MedLine Plus.                              Available on this page are links to various
                                      Keyword search: Infants                                               http://search.nlm.nih.gov/med
               U.S. National                              research on topical areas relevant to Full-term   lineplus/query?DISAMBIGUA
               Library of Medicine                        and premature infants, toddlers and parents       TION=true&FUNCTION=sear
               & National                                 of young children.                                ch&SERVER2=server2&SER
               Institutes of Health                                                                         VER1=server1&PARAMETE
                                                                                                            R=infants

               National Library of    Factline: Tracking   Easy-to-understand information on health         http://www.meharry.org/Fl/ind
               Medicine and           Health in            care for adults is organized into 5 areas:       ex.html
               Meharry Medical        Underserved          Access to Health, Mental Health, Minority
               College                Communities          Health, Women's Health, and Sexually
                                                           Transmitted Diseases.
            CDC and Kaiser          Adverse Childhood A longitudinal study of 18,000 adults notes the http://www.acestudy.org/docs
            Permante                Experiences Study. association between exposure to childhood      /GoldintoLead.pdf
                                                       adverse experiences and heart disease,
                                                       chronic, obstructive pulmonary disease,
                                                       diabetes, obesity, alcoholism and IV drop use,
                                                       unintended pregnancy, STD and hepatitis,
                                                       depression and attempted suicide, current
                                                       smoking.


            Name                    Organization           Desired Outcomes                           Key Studies                      Findings
Specific    Immunization            Food and Nutrition     Increase the number of children who are    Hoesktra EJ, LeBaron CW,         Applied in a large-scale,
Policies,   Screening and           Service, US            immunized                                  Megaloeconomou Y, et al.         programmatic fashion, voucher
Practices   Referral in WIC         Department of                                                     (1998) Impact of a large-        incentives in WIC can rapidly
and                                 Agriculture                                                       scale immunization initiative    increase and sustain high
Programs                                                                                              in the special supplemental      childhood immunization rates in
                                                                                                      nutrition program for women,     an inner-city population.
                                                                                                      infants, and children (WIC).
                                                                                                      Journal of the American
                                                                                                      Medical Association. 280
                                                                                                      :1143 –1147
            http://www.fns.usda.    http://www.fns.usda.                                              http://jama.ama-
            gov/wic/benefitsand     gov/wic/benefitsand                                               assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/
            services/immunizati     services/immunizati                                               280/13/1143?ijkey=6e42386e
            on.HTM                  on.HTM                                                            3dc6efd21659ff188e5e92769
                                                                                                      1eb44a3&keytype2=tf_ipsecs
                                                                                                      ha

            The Children's          OMPRO and          Increase well-child visits and child           Ferris TG, Dougherty D,          Improve statewide well-child
            Preventive              Washington State   immunization rates.                            Blumenthal D, Perrin JM. A       visit rates by 10 percentage
            Healthcare Initiative   Medical Assistance                                                report card on quality           points in each participating clinic
            (CPHI)                  Administration                                                    improvement for children‘s       by the end of 2005, and produce
                                                                                                      health care. Pediatrics          measurable improvement in
                                                                                                      2001;107:143–55.                 immunization rates.

            http://www.ompro.or                                                                       http://www.ompro.org/downlo
            g/cphi/index.html   http://www.ompro.or                                                   ads/cphi/cphi-2004-final-
                                g/cphi/                                                               report.pdf
               Healthy Steps        Healthy Steps          Improve relationships between health care       Bernard Guyer et al. (2003).     For all children, not just those at
                                                           professionals and parents in addressing the     Healthy Steps: The First         high-risk, the quality of pediatric
                                                           physical, emotional, and intellectual growth    Three Years . Nancy              care in the first three years of
                                                           and development of children from birth to age   Hughart and Janice               life was improved because of
                                                           three                                           Genevro, eds. Women‘s and        this intervention. In addition,
                                                                                                           Children‘s Health Policy         favorable disciplinary practices
                                                                                                           Center, Department of            and helped parents better
                                                                                                           Population and Family            understand children‘s behavior
                                                                                                           Health Sciences, Johns           and development.
                                                                                                           Hopkins Bloomberg School
                                                                                                           of Public Health. Baltimore,
                                                                                                           Maryland.
               http://www.healthyst http://www.healthyst                                                   http://www.jhsph.edu/wchpc/p
               eps.org/             eps.org/                                                               rojects/Healthy_Steps/frnatlev
                                                                                                           al.html

               Breastfeeding        La Leche League        Help mothers breastfeed through mother-to-      The Center for Breastfeeding
                                                           mother support. Promote a better                Information Online has an
                                                           understanding of the importance of              online library to access
                                                           breastfeeding to child development              information .

                                    http://www.lalechele                                                   http://www.lalecheleague.org/
                                    ague.org/home_intr                                                     cbi/cbi.html
                                    o.html

               Public health       The U. S. Surgeon Improvement in the physical and mental                Fellitti, Vincent. M.D. "The     A longitudinal study of 18,000
               approach to the     General             health of adults, reduction of risky behaviors      Relation Between Adverse         adults notes the association
               prevention of child                                                                         Childhood Experiences and        between exposure to childhood
               abuse and neglect http://www.surgeong
               http://www.surgeon                                                                          Adult Health: Turning Gold
                                                                                                           http://www.acestudy.org/docs     adverse experiences and heart
               general.gov/healthy eneral.gov/healthyc                                                     /GoldintoLead.pdf
               child/workshop.html hild/workshop.html


Subtopic: Access to Medical Care
               Organization         Section                Brief Description of Content                    URL
Collections    Families USA         Medicaid and           Research information is available in the        http://www.familiesusa.org/iss
of Evaluated                        Children's Health      "Publications" section on highly respected      ues/medicaid/
Programs                                                   health policy reports describing the problems
and/or                                                     facing health care consumers and outlining
Policies                                                   steps to solve them. Covers children's health
                                                           insurance, health care legislation, the
                                                           uninsured and related health care topics.
           Mathematica.          Health Policy        Data analyses, program evaluations, policy         http://www.mathematica-
           Policy Research,      Research             implications that identify solutions, and          mpr.com/health/
           Inc.                                       translate results into practice for health care
                                                      financing, coverage, delivery and trends.

           Georgetown            Annotated            A collection of evidence-based early               http://gucchd.georgetown.edu
           University. Center    Bibliography of      intervention programs for infants and toddlers     /files/products_publications/C
           for Child and         Early Intervention                                                      SPDannotatedweb_EI_6_05.
           Human                 Web Sites                                                               P5.pdf
           Development
           National Health       Child Health         A number of publications relating to policy  http://www.healthlaw.org/libra
           Law Program                                changes on issues affecting medical coverage ry.cfm?fa=summarize&appVi
                                                      of children are available for download.      ew=Topic&id=1331

           National Center for   Publications.        A list of recent publications produced by The   http://www.mchlibrary.info/pu
           Education in          Children's Health    National Center for Education in Maternal and bs/default.html#childrenshealt
           Maternal and Child    Insurance            Child Health (NCEMCH) are available either in ins
           Health at                                  print from the HRSA Information Center or on
           Georgetown                                 this Web page as Adobe Acrobat PDF files.
           University                                 The articles list several evaluated programs
                                                      that link to accessing children's medical care.



           Organization          Section              Brief Description of Content                       URL
Research   Center for Disease    Birth Defects        Information on research and prevention of          http://www.cdc.gov/node.do/i
Sources    Control                                    birth defects with links to other major national   d/0900f3ec8000dffe
                                                      organizations.

           National Health       Child Health         A number of publications relating to policy  http://www.healthlaw.org/libra
           Law Program                                changes on issues affecting medical coverage ry.cfm?fa=summarize&appVi
                                                      of children are available for download.      ew=Topic&id=1331


           Maternal & Child      Maternal & Child     Information and advice on affordable health        http://www.mchpolicy.org/inde
           Health Policy         Health Policy        insurance for children provided through policy     x.html
           Research Center       Research Center      information and the center‘s own research.
                                                      Site discusses many issues of importance
                                                      regarding health insurance for children, such
                                                      as rising health insurance costs, and also
                                                      includes health insurance statistics.
            The Urban Institute Health/Healthcare     Research, policy, and public affairs            http://www.urban.org/health/in
                                                      information regarding multiple health           dex.cfm
                                                      insurance topics, such as health insurance for
                                                      children. Subjects include affordable health
                                                      insurance for children and health insurance
                                                      for uninsured families. Also discusses rising
                                                      health insurance costs, health insurance
                                                      statistics and state policy health regulations.

            Center on Budget      Health Policies     Analyses of the impact of proposed and           http://www.cbpp.org/pubs/hea
            and Policy Priorities                     current health policies are available for review lth.htm
                                                      on this site.



            Name                 Organization         Desired Outcomes                               Key Studies                 Findings
Specific    Medicaid             Centers for          Increases access to health services for the    Center on Budget and Policy http://www.cbpp.org/7-19-
Policies,                        Medicaid and         poorest Americans                              Priorities                  05health.htm
Practices                        Medicare Services.
and                              Department of
Programs                         Health and Human
                                 Services.
            http://www.cms.hhs. http://www.cms.hhs.                                                  http://www.cms.hhs.gov/publi
            gov/home/medicaid. gov/home/medicaid.                                                    cations/overview-medicare-
            asp                 asp                                                                  medicaid/default4.asp


            State Children's     Centers for          Increase the number of insured children        Kempe A, Beaty BL, Crane           Families reported higher rates of
            Health Insurance     Medicaid and                                                        LA, et al. Changes in access,      being able to see providers for a
            Program.             Medicare Services.                                                  utilization, and quality of care   variety of routine and acute care
                                 Department of                                                       after enrollment into a state      needs and also reported a
                                 Health and Human                                                    child health insurance plan.       significant decline in unmet
                                 Services.                                                           Pediatrics. 2005;115:364-371       health needs.

            http://www.cms.hhs. http://www.cms.hhs.                                                  http://pediatrics.aappublicatio
            gov/home/schip.asp gov/home/medicaid.                                                    ns.org/cgi/content/abstract/11
                                asp                                                                  5/2/364

                                                                                                     Woolridge J, Kenney G, and         Found that SCHIP was effective
                                                                                                     Trenholm, C with et al.            at enrolling and retaining the
                                                                                                     (2005) "Congressionally            families and children intended;
                                                                                                     Mandated Evaluation of the         positive impact on access to
                                                                                                     State Children's Health            health care and meeting needs
                                                                                                     Insurance Program."                of children and parent
                                                                                                                                        satisfaction.
                                                                                           http://www.mathematica-
                                                                                           mpr.com/publications/pdfs/sc
                                                                                           hipcongress.pdf

Healthy Steps          Healthy Steps       Improve relationships between health care       Bernard Guyer et al. (2003).     For all children, not just those at
                                           professionals and parents in addressing the     Healthy Steps: The First         high-risk, the quality of pediatric
                                           physical, emotional, and intellectual growth    Three Years . Nancy              care in the first three years of
                                           and development of children from birth to age   Hughart and Janice               life was improved because of
                                           three                                           Genevro, eds. Women‘s and        this intervention. In addition,
                                                                                           Children‘s Health Policy         favorable disciplinary practices
                                                                                           Center, Department of            and helped parents better
                                                                                           Population and Family            understand children‘s behavior
                                                                                           Health Sciences, Johns           and development.
                                                                                           Hopkins Bloomberg School
                                                                                           of Public Health. Baltimore,
                                                                                           Maryland.
http://www.healthyst                                                                       http://www.jhsph.edu/wchpc/p
eps.org/                                                                                   rojects/Healthy_Steps/frnatlev
                                                                                           al.html
Healthy Start          National Healthy    Reduce infant mortality and to improve          Devaney, B., E. M. Howell,       lower rates of low-birth-weight
                       Start Association   perinatal outcomes and the health and well-     M. McCormick, and L.             babies; lower pre-term birth
                                           being of women, infants, children and their     Moreno, Reducing Infant          rate; higher Kotelcheck index
                                           families.                                       Mortality: Lessons Learned       ratings
                                                                                           from Healthy Start, Final
                                                                                           Report, Princeton, N.J.:
                                                                                           Mathematica Policy
                                                                                           Research, Inc., July 2000.
http://www.healthyst                                                                       http://www.promisingpractice
artassoc.org/                                                                              s.net/program.asp?programid
                                                                                           =118#resultareas

The Nurse-Family       The Nurse-Family    Help mothers improve their health and           Olds, D.L., Robinson, J.,        Nurse-visited smokers had
Partnership            Partnership         nutrition during pregnancy.                     O'Brien, R., Luckey, D.W.,       greater reductions in nicotine
                                                                                           Pettitt, L.M., Henderson,        levels from intake to the end of
                                                                                           C.R., et al. (2002). Home        pregnancy than their control-
                                                                                           visiting by paraprofessionals    group counterparts.
                                                                                           and by nurses: A randomized
                                                                                           controlled trial. Pediatrics,
                                                                                           110(3), 486-496. - focuses
                                                                                           on the effectiveness of home
                                                                                           visiting by specially trained
                                                                                           paraprofessionals and
                                                                                           nurses as separate means of
                                                                                           improving maternal and child
                                                                                           health.
               http://www.nursefa      http://www.nursefam                                                     http://pediatrics.aappublicatio
               milypartnership.org/i   ilypartnership.org/in                                                   ns.org/cgi/content/abstract/11
               ndex.cfm?fuseactio      dex.cfm?fuseaction                                                      0/3/486
               n=home                  =home

               Healthy Families        Prevent Child           Promote the healthy development of children     Summaries of 30 program     Reduction in child maltreatment,
               America                 Abuse America           by supporting pregnant and new parents at       evaluations can be accessed ensuring healthy development of
                                                               high-risk.                                      here.                       children, encouraging school
                                                                                                                                           readiness, promoting family self-
                                                                                                                                           sufficiency, demonstrating
                                                                                                                                           positive parenting.
               http://www.healthyfa                                                                            http://www.healthyfamiliesam
               miliesamerica.org/a                                                                             erica.org/research/index.shtm
               bout_us/index.shtml                                                                             l#results


Subtopic: Effective Treatment of Mental Health Issues in Parents/Adults
               Organization            Section                 Brief Description of Content                     URL
Collections    American                American                APA guidelines summarize data informing the http://www.psych.org/psych_p
of Evaluated   Psychiatric             Psychiatric             care of patients diagnosed with any one of       ract/treatg/pg/prac_guide.cfm
Programs       Association             Association (APA)       several mental health disorders. The
and/or                                 Practice Guidelines     psychiatrist should consider, but not be limited
Policies                                                       to, the treatments recommended in this
                                                               practice guideline


               National Institute of Health Information.       Information is provided to the public,           http://www.nimh.nih.gov/healt
               Mental Health         Mental Health             researchers, and clinicians on a range of        hinformation/index.cfm
                                     Topics.                   mental disorders affecting adults and children,
                                                               including: depression, bipolar disorder,
                                                               schizophrenia, anxiety disorders, eating
                                                               disorders, suicide that occurs in the context of
                                                               mental disorders, autism-spectrum disorders,
                                                               and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.


               Substance Abuse         Model Programs          Use the Search function to locate evidence-  http://modelprograms.samhs
               and Mental Health                               based model programs for mental health and a.gov/template.cfm?page=def
               Services                                        substance abuse treatment and prevention for ault
               (SAMHSA) Model                                  adults and children.
               Programs
            National Alliance      Inform Yourself       Easy-to- understand information describing         http://www.nami.org/Templat
            for the Mentally Ill                         mental illness in adults and children.             e.cfm?section=Inform_Yours
                                                         Information on effective treatments noted in       elf
                                                         Treatments and Supports.


            National Mental        Steps Toward          Existing interventions in helping parents with     http://www.nmha.org/children/
            Health Association     Evidence-Based        mental illness and their families are identified   evidenceBasedPractices.pdf
                                   Practices for         and described on this website. Programs
                                   Parents with Mental   catering to this population are also compared
                                   Illness and their     and contrasted.
                                   Families


            Organization          Section                Brief Description of Content                     URL
Research    National Institute of Health Information.    Information is provided to the public,           http://www.nimh.nih.gov/healt
Sources     Mental Health         Mental Health          researchers, and clinicians on a range of        hinformation/index.cfm
                                  Topics.                mental disorders affecting adults and children,
                                                         including: depression, bipolar disorder,
                                                         schizophrenia, anxiety disorders, eating
                                                         disorders, suicide that occurs in the context of
                                                         mental disorders, autism-spectrum disorders,
                                                         and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.

            Substance Abuse        Co-Occurring          Resources and bibliography regarding               http://coce.samhsa.gov/
            and Mental Health      Center for            prevention and treatment of co-occurring
            Services               Excellence            disorders.
            (SAMHSA) Model
            Programs


            Name                   Organization          Desired Outcomes                                   Key Studies                     Findings
Specific    Evidence-based                               Overcome systematic barriers to using              Goldman, Howard H., Ganju,      Quality and accountability have
Policies,   programming                                  evidence-based programming                         Vijay, Drake, Robert E.,        become the watchwords of
Practices                                                                                                   Gorman, Paul, Hogan,            health and mental health
and                                                                                                         Michael, Hyde, Pamela S.,       services; evidence-based
Programs                                                                                                    Morgan, Oscar. "Policy          practices are a means to both
                                                                                                            Implications for                ends. If the objective of
                                                                                                            Implementing Evidence-          accountable, high-quality
                                                                                                            Based Practices."               services is to be achieved by
                                                                                                            Psychiatric Services , 2001     implementing evidence-based
                                                                                                            52: 1591-1597.                  practices, the right incentives
                                                                                                                                            must be put in place, and
                                                                                                                                            systemic barriers must be
                                                                                                                                            overcome.
                                                                                                 http://psychservices.psychiatr
                                                                                                 yonline.org/cgi/content/full/52/
                                                                                                 12/1591
The Nurse-Family         The Nurse-Family        Improve maternal and child health.              Olds, D.L., Robinson, J.,          Nurse-visited infants, in contrast
Partnership              Partnership                                                             O'Brien, R., Luckey, D.W.,         to their control-group
                                                                                                 Pettitt, L.M., Henderson,          counterparts, were less likely to
                                                                                                 C.R., et al. (2002). Home          exhibit emotional vulnerability in
                                                                                                 visiting by paraprofessionals      response to fear stimuli. Nurse-
                                                                                                 and by nurses: A randomized        visited infants born to women
                                                                                                 controlled trial. Pediatrics,      with low psychological
                                                                                                 110(3), 486-496. - focuses         resources were less likely to
                                                                                                 on the effectiveness of home       exhibit low emotional vitality in
                                                                                                 visiting by specially trained      response to joy and anger
                                                                                                 paraprofessionals and              stimuli;
                                                                                                 nurses as separate means of
                                                                                                 improving maternal and child
                                                                                                 health.
http://www.nursefa       http://www.nursefam                                                     http://www.iik.org/nursefamilyi
milypartnership.org/i    ilypartnership.org/in                                                   nit.htm#programmodel%20%
ndex.cfm?fuseactio       dex.cfm?fuseaction                                                      20Nurse%20-
n=home                   =home                                                                   %20Family%20Partnership
Invisible Children's     National Mental         To provide integrated essential services to     Hinden, Beth; Kathleen             In New York, ICP has
Project                  Health Association      parents with mental health treatment needs to   Biebel; Joanne Nicholson;          decreased out-of-home
                                                 increase their ability to function in their     and Liz Mehnert (2002).            placements for children,
                                                 communities and assist them in creating a       The Invisible Children’s           decreased hospitalizations for
                                                 safe and nurturing environment for their        Project: A Family-Centered         parents, helped families find
                                                 children.                                       Intervention for Parents with      stable housing, and enhanced
                                                                                                 Mental Illness. Center for         family self-determination.
                                                                                                 Mental Health Services
                                                                                                 Research, Department of
                                                                                                 Psychiatry, University of
                                                                                                 Massachusetts Medical
                                                                                                 School. Prepared for the
                                                                                                 Center for Mental Health
                                                                                                 Services, Substance Abuse
                                                                                                 and Mental Health Services
                                                                                                 Administration, Rockville, Md.
http://www.nmha.or                                                                               http://www.nmha.org/children/
g/children/invisible.c                                                                           invisibleChildrensProject.pdf
fm
Program for                             Help persons with mental illness live more   Susan D. Phillips, M.S.W.,         This type of program is effective
Assertive                               stable lives in the community                Barbara J. Burns, Ph.D.,           in reducing hospitalization, is no
Community                                                                            Elizabeth R. Edgar,                more expensive than traditional
Treatment                                                                            M.S.S.W., Kim T. Mueser,           care, and is more satisfactory to
                                                                                     Ph.D., Karen W. Linkins,
                                                                                                                        consumers and their families
                                                                                     Ph.D., Robert A. Rosenheck,
                                                                                                                        than standard care
                                                                                     M.D., Robert E. Drake, M.D.,
                                                                                     Ph.D. and Elizabeth C.
                                                                                     McDonel Herr, Ph.D. (2001).
                                                                                     ―Moving Assertive
                                                                                     Community Treatment Into
                                                                                     Standard Practice.‖
                                                                                     Psychiatric Services.
                                                                                     52:771-779, June 2001.
                                                                                     http://psychservices.psychiatr
                                                                                     http://psychservices.psychiatr
                                                                                     yonline.org/cgi/content/full/52/
                                                                                     6/771

Dialectical Behavior Behavioral         Treat Borderline Personality Disorder        Kiehn, Barry and Michaela          During the year of treatment
Therapy              Research and                                                    Swales (1995). ―An Overview        patients in the control group
                     Therapy Clinics.                                                of Dialectical Behavior            engaged in more parasuicidal
                     University of                                                   Therapy in the Treatment of        acts than DBT patients at all
                     Washington                                                      Borderline Personality             time points. The medical risk for
                                                                                     Disorder.‖ Psychiatry On-          parasuicidal acts was higher in
                                                                                     Line, November 1995.               the control group than in the
                                                                                     Updated on Mental Health           DBT group. Patients in the DBT
                                                                                     Net, January 2, 2002.              group were more likely to start
                                                                                     CenterSite, LLC.                   therapy and were more likely to
                                                                                                                        remain in therapy than those in
                                                                                                                        the control group. The DBT
                                                                                                                        patients reported more
                                                                                                                        individual and group therapy
                                                                                                                        treatment hours per week than
                                                                                                                        the TAU group, which reflects
                                                                                                                        the intensive nature of DBT
                                                                                                                        treatment. However, the control
                                                                                                                        patients reported more day
                                                                                                                        treatment hours per week. With
                                                                                                                        regard to the third goal of the
                                                                                                                        trial, patients in the control
                                                                                                                        group had significantly more
                                                                                                                        inpatient psychiatric days per
                                                                                                                        person than those receiving
                                                                                                                        DBT. These results were
                                                                                                                        considered to indicate the
                                                                                                                        superiority of DBT over
               http://www.mhanys. http://www.brtc.psyc                                                    http://www.mentalhelp.net/po
               org/ebpdb/results.p h.washington.edu/a                                                     c/view_doc.php?type=doc&id
               hp?pageNum_result bout.html                                                                =1020
               s=1&totalRows_res
               ults=2&code=bpdo


               Cognitive-           New York Institute     Treat Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder           Rosenberg, Stanley D.,             Multiple controlled trials have
               behavioral therapy   for Cognitive and                                                     Mueser, Kim T., Friedman,          shown that the most effective
                                    Behavioral                                                            Matthew J., Gorman, Paul           interventions for PTSD are
                                    Therapies                                                             G., Drake, Robert E.,              those based on cognitive-
                                                                                                          Vidaver, Robert M., Torrey,        behavioral therapy approaches,
                                                                                                          William C., Jankowski, Mary        including exposure therapy and
                                                                                                          K. "Developing Effective
                                                                                                                                             cognitive restructuring.
                                                                                                          Treatments for Posttraumatic
                                                                                                          Disorders Among People
                                                                                                          With Severe Mental Illness."
                                                                                                          Psychiatric Services 2001
                                                                                                          52: 1453-1461
               http://www.cognitive http://www.nyicbt.or                                                  http://psychservices.psychiatr
               therapy.com/         g/                                                                    yonline.org/cgi/content/full/52/
                                                                                                          11/1453#ABS


               Parent-Child         Griffith University    Families have nurturing parent-child           End of Year 2003-2004           Parents reported a significant
               Interaction                                 relationships.                                 Report (2004). Griffith         reduction in their stress levels
               Therapy(PCIT)                                                                              Psychological Health            and child abuse potential.
                                                                                                          Research Center, Griffith
               http://www.griffith.ed                                                                     http://www.griffith.edu.au/cent
               u.au/centre/gphrc/ http://www.griffith.ed                                                  re/gphrc/pdfs/Griffith_Uni_FIP
                                      u.au/centre/gphrc/                                                  _EndofTrial_Rpt_v2.pdf

Subtopic: Treatment for Substance Abuse for Parents / Adults
               Organization         Section                Brief Description of Content                   URL
Collections    Substance Abuse      Model Programs         Use the Search function to locate evidence-    http://modelprograms.samhs
of Evaluated   and Mental Health                           based model programs for mental health and     a.gov/template.cfm?page=def
Programs       Services                                    substance abuse treatment and prevention for   ault
and/or         (SAMHSA) Model                              adults and children.
Policies       Programs

               Promising            View by topic area.    Proven and Promising Programs                  http://www.promisingpractice
               Practices Network    Substance Abuse                                                       s.net/
           The National          No Safe Haven:      Examines promising innovations within child       http://www.casacolumbia.org/
           Center on Addiction   Children of         welfare agencies and the courts focused on        pdshopprov/shop/item.asp?it
           and Substance         Substance Abusing   addressing parental substance abuse in            emid=24
           Abuse (CASA) at       Parents             families involved with the child welfare
           Columbia University                       system. In the report, CASA recommends
                                                     changes in policy and practice that would
                                                     improve outcomes for children and families




           Substance Abuse       Co-Occurring        Resources and bibliography regarding              http://coce.samhsa.gov/
           and Mental Health     Center for          prevention and treatment of co-occurring
           Services              Excellence          disorders.
           (SAMHSA) Model
           Programs


           Organization          Section             Brief Description of Content                      URL
Research   Substance Abuse       NCADI library.      Part of one of the largest repositories of        http://www.health.org/
Sources    and Mental Health                         alcohol and drug use information in the world,
           Services                                  offers Internet access to current literature,
           (SAMHSA)                                  research reports, and educational resources.
           National
           Clearinghouse for
           Alcohol and Drug
           Information


           The National        Divisions. Library.   CASA seeks to: Inform Americans of the            www.casacolumbia.org
           Center on Addiction Publications.         economic and social costs of substance
           and Substance                             abuse and its impact on their lives. Assess
           Abuse (CASA) at                           what works in prevention, treatment, and law
           Columbia University                       enforcement.



           Name                  Organization        Desired Outcomes                                  Key Studies                     Findings
           Nurturing Program     Family              Reduce risk factors contributing to substance     Moore, J., and N.               Demonstrated to be effective in
           for Families in       Development         use/abuse by both parents and children in         Finkelstein. 2001. ―Parenting   reducing risk of both child abuse
           Substance Abuse       Resources           families affected by parental substance           Services for Families           and neglect and substance
           Treatment and                             abuse; enhance relationships between              Affected by Substance           abuse for both parents and
           Recovery                                  parents and children (i.e. strengthening family   Abuse.‖ CHILD WELFARE           children
                                                     protective factors); and strengthen parent's      LXXX(2):221–38.
                                                     sobriety.
                     http://www.nurturing                                                   http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/e
http://www.nurturing parenting.com/index                                                    ntrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retriev
parenting.com/npp/ .htm                                                                     e&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstrac
substance_index.ht                                                                          t&list_uids=11291902&query_
m                                                                                           hl=2
Recovery Coaches                            Engage and retain parents in treatment and      Ryan, Joe, Richard               Parents in the experimental
                                            other services needed for recovery.             Louderman, & Mark Testa          group were more likely to
                                                                                            (2003) Substance Abuse           access substance abuse
                                                                                            and Child Welfare:               treatment. Parents accessed
                                                                                            Experimenting With               substance services more
                                                                                            Recovery Coaches in              quickly. Children in the
                                                                                            Illinois. Children and Family    demonstration group experience
                                                                                            Research Center, School of       fewer days in care relative to the
                                                                                            Social Work, University of       children in the control group.
                                                                                            Illinois at Urbana-
                                                                                            Champaign.
                                                                                            http://cfrcwww.social.uiuc.edu
                                                                                            /briefpdfs/briefaoda.3.pdf

Drug Treatment      King's County           Return defendants to society in a better        Crossing the Bridge: An          The five-year CASA evaluation
Alternative -to-    District Attorney's     position to resist drugs and crime after        Evaluation of the Drug           found that participants who
Prison Program      Office. Charles J.      treatment than if they had spent a comparable   Treatment Alternative-to-        completed the program and
                    Hynes                   time in prison.                                 Prison (DTAP) Program            graduated were 33 percent less
                                                                                            (2003). CASA White Paper.        likely to be re-asserted, 45
                                                                                            The National Center on           percent less likely to be
                                                                                            Addiction and Substance          reconvicted, and 87 percent less
                                                                                            Abuse (CASA) at Columbia         likely to return to prison, than
                                                                                            University.                      the comparable prison group.

http://www.brooklyn http://www.brooklyn                                                     http://www.casacolumbia.org/
da.org/dtap/dtap.ht da.org/Hynes/DA%2                                                       Absolutenm/articlefiles/Crossi
m                   0Corner%202002.ht                                                       ng_the_bridge_March2003.p
                    m                                                                       df
CWLA's Creating Parenting-rich Communities Initiative!                                                     www.cwla.org/parenting

DESIGN GUIDE ONE: Supports for Parents of Young Children, Ages 0-5
Key Area: HOUSING                                                                                                                          Version: 2006-5
Subtopic: Ability to locate and maintain housing
               Organization         Section              Brief Description of Content                      URL
Collections    National Alliance to Best Practices and   Links to cities and programs illustrating their   http://www.endhomelessness
of Evaluated   End Homelessness Profiles                 implementations of each step in a Ten Year        .org/best/
Programs                                                 Plan to End Homelessness
and/or
Policies
               National Alliance to Sourcebook on        Links to cities and programs illustrating their   http://www.endhomelessness
               End Homelessness Ending Family            implementation of plan to end family              .org/families/
                                    Homelessness         homelessness.



               NeighborWorks       Publications          a wide range of reports and studies on            http://www.nw.org/network/ho
               Campaign for                              affordable housing and community                  me.asp
               Home Ownership                            development topics



               Pathways Mapping    Homeownership         List of programs that: Encourage residents to http://www.pathwaystooutcom
               Initiative                                own and maintain homes. Provide resources es.org/index.cfm?fuseaction=
                                                         for home rehabilitation, Support alternatives to Page.viewPage&pageId=608
                                                         traditional homeownership, including Limited
                                                         Equity Cooperatives and Mutual Housing
                                                         Associations. Advocate for legislation and
                                                         regulation that protect property owners from
                                                         predatory lending and property flipping. Use
                                                         property tax relief to preserve affordable
                                                         homeownership.




               Organization        Section               Brief Description of Content                      URL
Research       Urban Institute     Housing               An extensive online collection of research        http://www.urban.org/housing/
Sources                                                  studies                                           index.cfm
               Name                 Organization           Desired Outcomes                                Key Studies                     Findings
Specific       Moving To            U.S. Department of     To develop more effective mobility strategies   Popkin, Susan, Laura Harris,    Five years into the MTO
Policies,      Opportunities        Housing and Urban      for recipients of tenant-based housing          and Mary Cunningham             demonstration, families have
Practices      (MTO)                Development (HUD)      assistance in metropolitan areas                (2002). "Families in            experienced important
and                                                                                                        Transition: A Qualitative       incremental changes,
Programs                                                                                                   Analysis of the MTO             particularly increases in
                                                                                                           Experience." Washington,        neighborhood safety. Most
                                                                                                           D.C.: U.S. Department of        participants view leaving their
                                                                                                           Housing and Urban               distressed public housing for
                                                                                                           Development,                    lower-poverty communities as a
                                                                                                                                           life-changing event that has
                                                                                                                                           enhanced the life chances for
                                                                                                                                           both adults and children.
               http://www.hud.gov/ www.hud.gov                                                             http://www.huduser.org/public
               progdesc/mto.cfm                                                                            ations/pubasst/mtoqualf.html


               Individual           CFED                   Increase home ownership, assistance with        Gregory Mills, Rhiannon     Increased home ownership and
               Development                                 home repair                                     Patterson, Larry Orr, Donna ability to maintain home/conduct
               Accounts                                                                                    DeMarco (2004).             home repair
                                                                                                           ―Evaluation of the American
                                                                                                           Dream Demonstration: Final
                                                                                                           Evaluation Report.‖ Abt
                                                                                                           Associates, Inc. Prepared
                                                                                                           for The Ford Foundation and
                                                                                                           Charles Stewart Mott
                                                                                                           Foundation.


               http://www.cfed.org/ http://www.cfed.org/                                                   http://www.abtassociates.com
               focus.m              home.m                                                                 /reports/Final_Eval_Rpt_8-
                                                                                                           19-04.pdf


               NeighborWorks        NeighborWorks          To help families of modest means buy a home
               Campaign for
               Home Ownership

               http://www.nw.org/n http://www.nw.org/n
               etwork/neighborwor etwork/home.asp
               ksprogs/ownership/
               default.asp



Subtopic: Availability of Safe, Affordable housing
               Organization         Section             Brief Description of Content                      URL
Collections    U.S. Department of   Community           Description and links to information on federal   http://www.hud.gov/offices/cp
of Evaluated   Housing and Urban    Planning and        affordable housing projects                       d/affordablehousing/index.cf
Programs       Development (HUD)    Development.                                                          m
and/or                              Affordable Housing.
Policies



               Organization         Section              Brief Description of Content                     URL
Research       Urban Institute      Housing              An extensive online collection of research       http://www.urban.org/housing/index.cfm
Sources                                                  studies
               National             Research Links       Links to many research and policy                http://www.nahro.org/program
               Association of                            organizations                                    s/other/research/index.cfm
               Housing and
               Redevelopment
               Officials

               KnowledgePlex        Affordable Housing   Information an many aspects of affordable        http://www.knowledgeplex.org
                                    Development and      housing for many different populations           /topic.html?c=231
                                    Finance



               Name                 Organization         Desired Outcomes                               Key Studies                       Findings
Specific       HOME Investment      US Department of     Assist state and local governments in creating Turnham, Jennifer;                HOME is having a substantial
Policies,      Partnerships         Housing and          affordable housing for low-income households Christopher Herbert; Sandra         and positive impact on
Practices      Program              Human                                                               Nolden; Judith Feins; and         homebuyer opportunities for low-
and                                 Development                                                         Jessica Bonjorni (2004).           and-moderate income
Programs                                                                                                Study of Homebuyer Activity       households.
                                                                                                        through the HOME
                                                                                                        Investment Partnerships
                                                                                                        Program. Abt Associates
                                                                                                        Inc. Judson L. James U.S.
                                                                                                        Department of Housing and
                                                                                                        Urban Development, PD&R.


               http://www.hud.gov/ www.hud.gov                                                            http://www.huduser.org/Public
               offices/cpd/affordabl                                                                      ations/pdf/Homebuy.pdf
               ehousing/programs/
               home/index.cfm
                                                                                   Brophy, Paul C. and Rhonda      Successful mixed-income
                                                                                   N. Smith (1997). "Mixed         developments must be well
                                                                                   Income Housing; Factors for     located and excellent in their
                                                                                   Success." Cityscape: A          design and management if they
                                                                                   Journal of Policy               are to attract renters who have
                                                                                   Development and Research,       location choices. Mixed-income
                                                                                   Volume 3, Number 2, 1997,       housing works best where there
                                                                                   Cityscape 3. U.S.               are sufficient units aimed at the
                                                                                   Department of Housing and       higher income renters to create
                                                                                   Urban Development, Office       a critical mass of market units
                                                                                   of Policy Development and       and where there are no
                                                                                   Research.                       differences in the nature and
                                                                                                                   quality of the units being offered
                                                                                                                   that are due to the income of the
                                                                                                                   renters. If upward mobility of the
                                                                                                                   low-income residents is a goal,
                                                                                                                   it is necessary to have activities
                                                                                                                   that are specifically aimed at
                                                                                                                   creating opportunities for them;
                                                                                                                   income mixing alone is not
                                                                                                                   sufficient.


                                                                                   http://www.huduser.org/perio
                                                                                   dicals/cityscpe/vol3num2/suc
                                                                                   cess.pdf
HOPE VI            Housing Research     Lessening concentrations of poverty by     1. Popkin Susan J., Bruce       HOPE VI has generated
                   Foundation           placing public housing in nonpoverty       Katz, Mary K. Cunningham,       benefits for the neighborhoods
                                        neighborhoods and promoting mixed-income   Karen D. Brown, Jeremy          that surrounded the distressed
                                        communities.                               Gustafson, and Margery A.       public housing developments.
                                                                                   Turner (2004). A Decade of
                                                                                   HOPE VI: Research Findings
                                                                                   and Policy Challenges,
                                                                                   Urban Institute, Published in
                                                                                   conjunction with the
                                                                                   Brookings Institution.




http://www.housingr www.housingresear                                              http://www.urban.org/Uploade
esearch.org/hrf/hrfh ch.org                                                        dPDF/411002_HOPEVI.pdf
ome.nsf/FSHomeH
opeAbout!OpenFra
meset
                                                                                               United States General          Neighborhoods experienced
                                                                                               Accounting Office (2003).      improvements in indicators such
                                                                                               PUBLIC HOUSING: HOPE           as education, income, and
                                                                                               VI Resident Issues and         housing.
                                                                                               Changes in Neighborhoods
                                                                                               Surrounding Grant Sites.
                                                                                               Report to the Ranking
                                                                                               Minority Member,
                                                                                               Subcommittee on Housing
                                                                                               and Transportation,
                                                                                               Committee on Banking,
                                                                                               Housing, and Urban Affairs,
                                                                                               U.S. Senate
                                                                                               http://www.gao.gov/new.items
                                                                                               /d04109.pdf
             Montgomery          Department of      To make affordable homeownership available Department of Housing and      The production and attainment
             County Maryland     Community and      to moderate-income households.             Community Affairs,             of affordable housing; economic
             Moderately Priced   Housing Affairs                                               Montgomery County, MD          and racial integration. Program
             Dwelling Units                                                                    (2005). ―The Moderately        reliant on a favorable housing
             (MPDU's).                                                                         Priced Dwelling Unit           market.
                                                                                               Program: Montgomery
                                                                                               County, Maryland‘s
                                                                                               Inclusionary Zoning
                                                                                               Ordinance.‖
                                                                                               http://www.montgomerycount
                                                                                               ymd.gov/dhctmpl.asp?url=/co
                                                                                               ntent/dhca/housing/housing_
                                                                                               P/mpdu/summary.asp

             http://www.montgo http://www.montgom                                              http://www.montgomerycount
             merycountymd.gov/ erycountymd.gov/ap                                              ymd.gov/dhctmpl.asp?url=/co
             dhctmpl.asp?url=/C ps/dhca/index.asp                                              ntent/dhca/housing/housing_
             ontent/DHCA/housi                                                                 P/mpdu/summary.asp
             ng/housing_P/mpdu
             .asp




Subtopic: Access to Emergency Housing/ Supportive Housing
             Organization        Section            Brief Description of Content               URL
Collections    U.S. Department of Office of Policy and "Strategies for Preventing Homelessness" (             http://www.huduser.org/public
of Evaluated   Housing and Urban Development           May, 2005, 208 p.) identifies 4 promising              ations/homeless/prevent_ho
Programs       Development (HUD)                       homeless prevention activities                         melessness.html
and/or
Policies

               National Alliance to Best Practices and      Links to cities and programs illustrating their   http://www.endhomelessness
               End Homelessness Profiles                    implementation of each step in a Ten Year         .org/best/
                                                            Plan to End Homelessness

               Corporation for    Best Practices and        Information on family supportive housing          http://www.knowledgeplex.org
               Supportive Housing Models                                                                      /topic.html?c=255


               Organization         Section                 Brief Description of Content                      URL
Research       National Alliance to Best Practices and      Highlights program models, state and local        http://www.endhomelessness
Sources        End Homelessness Profiles                    policies, and advocacy efforts that are taking    .org/best/index.htm
                                                            steps toward ending homelessness.



               Name                 Organization            Desired Outcomes                                  Key Studies                     Findings
Specific       Housing First:       Beyond Shelter          To assist families in moving into rental          Suzanne W. Morse, Ph.D.         From 1989 to 2001, more than
Policies,      Ending Family                                housing quickly and then into stable housing.     and Monica M. Gillespie,        2,300 primarily high-risk and
Practices      Homelessness                                                                                   Ph.D. Pew Partnership for       multi-problem homeless families
and                                                                                                           Civic Change (2002).            have participated in the Housing
Programs                                                                                                      Solutions for America:          First program, with more than
                                                                                                              What's already out there. A     85% stabilizing in permanent
                                                                                                              sourcebook of ideas from        housing within one year.
                                                                                                              successful community
                                                                                                              programs. University of
                                                                                                              Richmond.

               http://www.beyonds http://www.beyonds                                                          http://www.pew-
               helter.org/aaa_initiat helter.org/home.htm                                                     partnership.org/pdf/whats_alr
               ives/ending_homele l                                                                           eady_out_there.pdf
               ssness.shtml
CWLA's Creating Parenting-rich Communities Initiative!                                                      www.cwla.org/parenting


DESIGN GUIDE ONE: Supports for Parents of Young Children, Ages 0-5

Key Area: Safe Environments                                                                                                                   Version: 2006-5
Subtopic: Safe from Violence
               Organization          Section               Brief Description of Content               URL
Collections    Office on Violence    Intimate Partner      Program and policy information on IPV in   http://www.usdoj.gov/ovw/stat
of Evaluated   Against Women.        Violence Prevention   General; Working with Men and Boys;        istics.htm
Programs       US Department of      Strategies            Working with Schools; Teaching Respect and
and/or         Justice                                     Healthy Relationship Skills; and Building
Policies                                                   Partnerships


               Office on Violence    Publications          Toolkit and Model Program information online http://www.usdoj.gov/ovw/co
               Against Women.                              to reduce violence against women. Links to   mmunities.htm
               US Department of                            reports and data sources.
               Justice

               National Center for Best Practices on       Best Practices is the first of its kind to look at http://www.cdc.gov/ncipc/dvp/
               Injury Prevention   the Prevention of       the effectiveness of specific violence             bestpractices.htm
               and Control, Center Youth Violence          prevention practices in four key areas: parents
               for Disease Control                         and families; home visiting; social and conflict
                                                           resolution skills; and mentoring.


               National Council of   Family Violence       The publications of the Family Violence         http://www.ncjfcj.org/content/
               Juvenile and                                Department (FVD) of the National Council of     blogcategory/256/302/
               Family Court                                Juvenile and Family Court Judges (NCJFCJ)
               Judges                                      include comprehensive suggestions for model
                                                           court practice; legislation in family violence;
                                                           and policy for collaboration among child
                                                           protection workers, domestic violence service
                                                           providers, and the courts. The
                                                           publications, described below, can be
                                                           downloaded* or ordered via facsimile


               Organization          Section               Brief Description of Content                 URL
Research       Office on Violence    Publications          Toolkit and Model Program information online http://www.usdoj.gov/ovw/co
Sources        Against Women.                              to reduce violence against women. Links to   mmunities.htm
               US Department of                            reports and data sources.
               Justice
Sources



             National Youth       Professionals.          Links to organizations and studies on many        http://www.safeyouth.org/scri
             Violence             Research                forms of violence to and by youth.                pts/pros/researchers.asp
             Prevention Center


             National Center for Publications             Reports on Injury care, unintentional injuries,   http://www.cdc.gov/ncipc/pub-
             Injury Prevention                            violence and suicide                              res/pubs.htm
             and Control, Center
             for Disease Control


             Name                 Organization            Desired Outcomes                                  Key Study                         Findings
Specific     The Brooklyn         U.S. Department of      Reduce, suppress or climate violent behavior      Davis, R.C., B.G. Taylor, and     In the Brooklyn study, initial
Policies,    Experiment           Justice                 by providing the batterer with intervention and   C.D. Maxwell, ―Does Batterer      findings showed that the
Practices,                        Office of Justice       treatment of a specified amount of time.          Treatment Reduce Violence?        experimental group as a whole
and                               Programs                                                                  A Randomized Experiment in        was less likely than the control
Programs                          National Institute of                                                     Brooklyn—Executive                group to be arrested again for a
                                  Justice                                                                   Summary Included,‖ Final          crime against the same victim.
                                                                                                            Report for National Institute     On a closer look, however, only
                                                                                                            of Justice, grant                 the 26-week group had
                                                                                                            94–IJ–CX–0047.                    significantly fewer official
                                                                                                            Washington DC: National           complaints than the control
                                                                                                            Institute of Justice, 2000.       group at 6 and 12 months. The
                                                                                                            NCJRS. NCJ 180772.                pattern of victim reports was the
                                                                                                                                              same (although the differences
                                                                                                                                              between the 8- and 26-week
                                                                                                                                              groups were not statistically
                                                                                                                                              significant). The study found no
                                                                                                                                              difference among the three
                                                                                                                                              groups in attitudes toward
                                                                                                                                              domestic violence.
             URL:                  http://www.usdoj.go                                                      URL:
             http://www.ncjrs.org/ v/ovw/statistics.htm                                                     http://www.ncjrs.org/txtfiles1/
             pdffiles1/nij/195079.                                                                          nij/200331.txt
             pdf
No-fault or                            To decrease violence when couples are          Wolfers, J. and Stevenson,    An analysis of divorce laws
unilateral divorce                     divorcing.                                     B. (2006). "Bargaining in     revealed a "large, statistically
laws                                                                                  the Shadow of the Law:        significant, and econometrically
                                                                                      Divorce Laws and Family       robust decline in the number of
                                                                                      Distress." Quarterly Journal  women committing suicide
                                                                                      of Economics. 121(1) Feb,     following the introduction of
                                                                                      2006                          unilateral divorce. No significant
                                                                                                                    effect is found for men.
                                                                                                                    Domestic violence is analyzed
                                                                                                                    using both data on family
                                                                                                                    conflict resolution, and intimate
                                                                                                                    homicide rates. The results
                                                                                                                    indicate a large decline in
                                                                                                                    domestic violence for both men
                                                                                                                    and women in states that
                                                                                                                    adopted unilateral divorce. We
                                                                                                                    find suggestive evidence that
                                                                                                                    unilateral divorce led to a
                                                                                                                    decline in females murdered by
                                                                                                                    their partners, while the data
                                                                                                                    revealed no discernible effects
                                                                                                                    for men murdered" Unilateral
                                                                                                                    divorce laws not fueling today's
                                                                                      http://bpp.wharton.upenn.edu/ divorce rates.
                                                                                      jwolfers/research.shtml



Greenbook Initiative Family Violence   Help dependency courts, child welfare and      The Greenbook National         Through partnership with federal
                     Prevention Fund   domestic violence agencies better serve        Evaluation Team. (2004).       agencies, the communities have
                                       families experiencing violence by developing   The Greenbook                  prioritized their activities relating
                                       recommendations which are being used,          Demonstration Initiative:      to collaboration, identification of
                                       formally and informally, by hundreds of        Interim Evaluation Report.     co-occurring issues, information
                                       communities across the nation and around       Caliber Associates.            sharing, batterer accountability,
                                       the world.                                                                    improved access to services,
                                                                                                                     and improved advocacy.
www.thegreenbook.i www.endabuse.org/                                                  www.thegreenbook.info/docu
nfo/                                                                                  ments/Greenbook_Interim_E
                                                                                      valuation_Report_2_05.pdf
               RADAR Training       RADAR Training         Provider-focused initiative to promote the         Harwell, T., et.al.             This intervention was successful
               Project              Project                assessment and prevention of intimate              (1998).Results of a domestic    in increasing provider perceived
                                                           partner violence in the health care setting.       violence training program       knowledge and comfort; the
                                                                                                              offered to the staff of urban   rates of screening and referrals
                                                                                                              community health centers.       increased 6 months post-training
                                                                                                              Evaluation Committee of the
                                                                                                              Philadelphia Family Violence
                                                                                                              Working Group. American
                                                                                                              Journal of Preventative
                                                                                                              Medicine, 15 (3): 235-42.
               www.vahealth.org/ci www.vahealth.org/ci                                                        www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/
               vp/projectradarva/in vp/projectradarva/in                                                      query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db
               dex.asp              dex.asp                                                                   =PubMed&list_uids=9791642
                                                                                                              &dopt=Citation
               STOP Formula         U.S. Government        Contains initiatives to help children exposed to   Burt, M. (2001). 2001           STOP improved the
               Grants. Violence                            violence, train health care providers to support   Report: Evaluation of the       community's ability to meet the
               Against Women                               victims of abuse, encourage men to teach the       STOP Formula Grants to          needs of victims of violent
               Act of 2005                                 next generation that violence is wrong, and        Combat Violence Against         crimes against women. A large
                                                           provide crisis services for victims of rape and    Women. The Urban Institute.     portion of all STOP funds have
                                                           sexual assault; also continues efforts to                                          been used for direct victim
                                                           improve the law enforcement response to                                            services. STOP has been
                                                           violence against women and provide                                                 responsible for bringing new,
                                                           supportive services, such as transitional                                          first of-their-kind supports for
                                                           housing, to women and children forced to                                           victims to communities. Funds
                                                           leave their homes because of violence.                                             were also used for training and
                                                                                                                                              education.
               www.usdoj.gov/ovw/ www.us.gov                                                                  www.urban.org/UploadedPDF
                                                                                                              /VAWA_2001.pdf



Subtopic: Safe from Abuse and Neglect
               Organization         Section                Brief Description of Content                  URL
Collections    Chadwick Center      Closing the quality    The Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation          http://www.chadwickcenter.or
of Evaluated   for Children and     chasm in child         identified best practices, based on available g/kauffman.htm
Programs       Families             abuse treatment:       research that has been shown to help children
and/or                              Identifying and        heal from the impact of child abuse.
Policies                            disseminating best
                                    practices. San
                                    Diego, CA: (2004)
           Center for the     Strengthening        This website seeks to document how               http://www.cssp.org/doris_du
           Study of Social    Families Through     exemplary programs across the country are        ke/index.html
           Policy             Early Care and       building protective factors; provide tools and
                              Education            resources that will support programs; and
                                                   explore policy and practice changes for the
                                                   prevention of child abuse and neglect.



           National           Prevention           Program and research information on              http://nccanch.acf.hhs.gov/pr
           Clearinghouse on   Literature: What     prevention and family support programs.          ofess/promising/index.cfm
           Child Abuse and    Works in
           Neglect            Preventing Child
                              Abuse and Neglect
                              and Strengthening
           Organization       Section              Brief Description of Content                     URL
Research   National           Select from many     This website connects professionals and          http://nccanch.acf.hhs.gov/ind
Sources    Clearinghouse on   topics on the home   concerned citizens to practical, timely, and     ex.cfm
           Child Abuse and    page                 essential information on programs, research,
           Neglect                                 legislation, and statistics to promote the
                                                   safety, permanency, and well-being of
                                                   children and families.


           Free to Grow.       Research            Well-organized research information intended http://www.freetogrow.org/ne
           Head Start                              to expand knowledge about the interaction of ws_keywords3359/news_key
           Partnerships to                         children, families and communities, with an  words.htm
           Promote                                 emphasis on the factors that make them more
           Substance-free                          resilient and less vulnerable to the adverse
           Communities.                            effects of substance abuse, child abuse and
           Mailman School of                       other high risk behaviors.
           Public Health.
           Columbia University


           University of      Research             Provides research on health and social           www.family.umaryland.edu/fc
           Maryland Center                         problems that challenge the safety, health,      research/index.htm
           for Families -                          and well-being of children, families, and
           University of                           communities and the protective factors that
           Maryland School of                      promote strength and resilience.
           Social Work



           Name               Organization         Desired Outcomes                                 Key Study                        Findings
Specific     Community           The Center for              Reduce child abuse and neglect. Make             Daro, D,, Budde, S., Baker,      CPPC did not show strong,
Policies,    Partnerships for    Community                   needed services and supports more                S., Nesmith, A., Harden, A.,     consistent positive findings in
Practices,   Protecting Children Partnerships in             accessible to caregivers and their informal      (2005) "Creating                 any of its 4 core domains.
and                              Child Welfare               support system.                                  Community Responsibility for     CPPC efforts did result in child
Programs                                                                                                      Child Protection: Findings       welfare workers reporting
                                                                                                              and Implications from the        greater job satisfaction and role
                                                                                                              Evaluation of the Community      clarity and commitment,
                                                                                                              Partnerships for Protecting      perhaps due to the training
                                                                                                              Children Initiative."            received for this project. CPPC
                                                                                                                                               did create shared decision-
                                                                                                                                               making process within
                                                                                                                                               communities. Also, impact of
                                                                                                                                               family team conferences and
                                                                                                                                               recommendations for use and
                                                                                                                                               development.
             http://www.cssp.org/                                                                             http://www.cssp.org/uploadFil
             center/publications.                                                                             es/FindingsImplications.pdf
             html
             Parents Anonymous Parents Anonymous              Reduces risk factors while increasing           Multiple outcomes evaluation
                                                              protective factors for the reduction of child   studies are available. A new
                                                              abuse and neglect.                              national Outcome Study is in
                                                                                                              progress.
             http://www.parentsa http://www.parentsa                                                          http://www.parentsanonymou
             nonymous.org/paht nonymous.org/paht                                                              s.org/pahtml/researchResults
               ml/paAbout.html ml/paAbout.html                                                                .html

             The Nurse-Family        The Nurse-Family        Improve pregnancy outcomes, children's           Olds, David L., Charles R.       Fewer verified child abuse and
             Partnership             Partnership             health and development and family's financial    Henderson, Jr., Harriet J.       neglect reports for children of
                                                             security. Reduces child abuse and neglect ,      Kitzman, John J. Eckenrode,      low-income unmarried women,
                                                             reduction of arrests,                            Robert E. Cole, Robert C.        and for women identified as
                                                                                                              Tatelbaum (1999). ―Prenatal      having low psychological
                                                                                                              and Infancy Home Visitation      resources.
                                                                                                              by Nurses: Recent Findings.‖
                                                                                                               The Future of Children
                                                                                                              Home Visiting: Recent
                                                                                                              Program Evaluations, Vol. 9,
                                                                                                              No. 1.
             http://www.nursefa      http://www.nursefam                                                      http://www.futureofchildren.or
             milypartnership.org/i   ilypartnership.org/in                                                    g/usr_doc/vol9no1Art3.pdf
             ndex.cfm?fuseactio      dex.cfm?fuseaction
             n=home                  =home
                                                                                     Olds, D.L., Eckenrode, J.,       Forty-six percent fewer verified
                                                                                     Henderson, C.R., Kitzman,        reports of child abuse or neglect
                                                                                     H., Powers, J., Cole, R.,        than control groups.
                                                                                     Sidora, K., Morris, P., Pettitt,
                                                                                     L.M. & Luckey, D. (1997),
                                                                                     'Long-term effects of home
                                                                                     visitation on maternal life
                                                                                     course and child abuse and
                                                                                     neglect', Journal of the
                                                                                     American Medical
                                                                                     Association, vol. 278, no. 8,
                                                                                     pp. 637-643.
                                                                                     http://www.news.cornell.edu/
                                                                                     Chronicle/97/9.4.97/nurse.ht
                                                                                     ml
                                                                                     Lynn A. Karoly, Peter W.
                                                                                     Greenwood, Susan S.
                                                                                     Everingham, Jill Houbé, M.
                                                                                     Rebecca Kilburn, C. Peter
                                                                                     Rydell, Matthew Sanders,
                                                                                     and James Chiesa (1998).
                                                                                     Investing in Our Children:
                                                                                     What We Know and Don't
                                                                                     Know About the Costs and
                                                                                     Benefits of Early Childhood
                                                                                     Interventions. RAND
                                                                                     Corporation.
                                                                                     http://www.rand.org/publicatio
                                                                                     http://www.rand.org/publicatio
                                                                                     ns/MR/MR898/index.html

START. Sobriety   Free to Grow.       Increase drop treatment for mothers, reduce    Harrington, M. et.al (200).     Positive changes in family
Treatment and     Head Start          child abuse and neglect, and increase family   "Protecting Children from       functioning with largest changes
Recovery Teams    Partnerships to     reunification.                                 Substance Abuse: Findings       evident in improved parenting
                  Promote Substance-                                                 from Free to Grow Head          skills and bonding between
                  free Communities.                                                  Start Partnerships."            mother and child and improved
                  Mailman School of                                                  Mathematica Policy              ability to meet basic needs.
                  Public Health.                                                     Research, Inc.                  Smaller changes seen in alcohol
                  Columbia University                                                                                and drug use or domestic
                                                                                                                     violence.
http://www.freetogro http://www.freetogro                                                      http://www.mathematica-
w.org/pubs_keywor w.org/index.htm                                                              mpr.com/publications/pdfs/pr
ds3360/pubs_keyw                                                                               otectchildren.pdf
ords_list_more.htm
?cat_id=5&attrib_id
=5580&strg_id=122
032

Parent-Child        Parent-Child        Improve parent-child relationship. Decrease            Foote, RC, Schuhmann, EM,         Parent-Child Interaction Therapy
Interaction Therapy Interaction Therapy child behavior problems. Increase child's              Jones, ML & Eyberg, SM            is "evidence-based" with a
(PCIT)              (PCIT)              prosocial behavior. Improve parenting skills,          1998, ‗Parent-Child               sound theoretical basis
                                        use positive discipline. Decrease in parenting         Interaction Therapy: A guide      underlying the therapeutic
                                        stress.                                                for clinicians‘, Clinical Child   intervention. Declines were
                                                                                               Psychology and Psychiatry,        observed for both externalising
                                                                                               vol. 3(3), pp. 361-373. Nixon,    child behaviours such as
                                                                                               RDV 2001, ―Changes in             opposition, tantrums and
                                                                                               hyperactivity and                 aggression, and internalising
                                                                                               temperament in                    behaviours such as depression
                                                                                               behaviourally disturbed           and anxiety. Parents also
                                                                                               preschoolers after Parent-        reported a significant reduction
                                                                                               Child Interaction Therapy‘,       in their stress levels and child
                                                                                               Behaviour Change, vol. 18,        abuse potential.
                                                                                               pp. 177-185.
http://www.nctsnet.o   http://www.nctsnet.o                                                    http://www.nctsnet.org/nctsn_
rg/nctsn_assets/pdf    rg/nctsn_assets/pdf                                                     assets/pdfs/promising_practic
s/promising_practic    s/promising_practic                                                     es/PCIT_fact_sheet_2-11-
es/PCIT_fact_sheet     es/PCIT_fact_sheet                                                      05.pdf
_2-11-05.pdf           _2-11-05.pdf


Parents as             Parents as             Increases parent knowledge and improves          Judy Pfannenstiel, Theodora Increased parent knowledge of
Teachers               Teachers               parent practices, provides early detection of    Lambson, and Vicki Yarnell    child development. Mediation of
                                              child health issues and delays, prevents child   (1996). ―The Parents as       family risk factors.
                                              abuse and neglect, improves child's              Teachers Program:
                                              readiness for school and school success          Longitudinal Follow-Up to the
                                                                                               Second Wave Study.‖
                                                                                               Missouri Department of
                                                                                               Elementary & Secondary
                                                                                               Education and Parents as
                                                                                               Teachers National Center,
                                                                                               Inc.
http://www.parentsa    http://www.parentsa                                                     http://www.parentsasteachers
steachers.org/site/p   steachers.org/site/p                                                    .org/atf/cf/{7A832E5A-3E17-
p.asp?c=ekIRLcMZ       p.asp?c=ekIRLcMZ                                                        4576-8C7E-
JxE&b=272091           JxE&b=272091                                                            F921E4ABDCA5}/2ndWaveF
                                                                                               ollow-up.PDF
Subtopic: Safe Neighborhoods
               Organization        Section               Brief Description of Content                     URL
Collections    Pew Partnership for Solutions for         Information about and links to initiatives and   http://www.solutionsforameric
of Evaluated   Civic Change        America. Thriving     programs for neighborhood safety.                a.org/thrivingneigh/crime-
Programs                           Neighborhoods                                                          prevention.html
and/or
Policies
               Annie E. Casey       Publications.        Online reports of AECF's decades of work in      http://www.aecf.org/publicatio
               Foundation           Community /          community building and neighborhood              ns/browse.php?filter=3
                                    Neighborhood         development.
                                    Development


               Organization         Section              Brief Description of Content                     URL
Research       Solutions for        Neighborhood         Crime prevention publications and advice for     www.solutionsforamerica.org/
Sources        America              Crime Prevention &   organizations wishing to lead neighborhood       thrivingneigh/crime-
                                    Safety               crime prevention programs.                       prevention.html


               RAND Health          Publications:        Summaries of important RAND Health studies www.rand.org/health/highlight
                                    Research Briefs      on topics including Neighborhood health,   s.html
                                                         Public health, and Socio-demographic
                                                         determinants of health.


               Project Safe         Publications         Publications related to gun crime and the use    www.psn.gov/pubs/index.asp
               Neighborhoods                             of firearms.                                     x


Specific
               Name                 Organization         Desired Outcomes                                 Key Study                        Findings
Policies,
               Safe Neighborhood Massachusetts           Stem violence and improve the quality of life
Practices,
               Initiative           Attorney General's in neighborhoods
and
                                    Office
Programs       http://www.ago.state http://www.ago.state
               .ma.us/sp.cfm?page .ma.us/
               id=1208
Operation Safe      Philadelphia Police     Improve the quality of life throughout the
Streets             Department              neighborhoods of Philadelphia by creating a
                                            partnership between the police department,
                                            the communities, the clergy, faith-based
                                            organizations and the city's network of social
                                            service agencies to eliminate the violence and
                                            tragedies associated with both the open air
                                            drug trade and drug addiction.

http://www.ppdonlin http://www.ppdonlin
e.org/ops/ops_safes e.org/ops/ops_safes
treets.php          treets.php

Operation Safe      Greater Baltimore       Reduce homicide and other forms of violence
Neighborhoods       Committee

http://www.gbc.org/ http://www.gbc.org/
OSN/OSN%20intro OSN/OSN%20intro
%20page.html        %20page.html

Model State Sex     National Center for     Implement a range of responses to sex
Offender Policy     Missing and             offenders in the community
                    Exploited Children
http://www.missingki http://www.missingki
ds.com/en_US/publi ds.com/
cations/NC40.pdf

The Embedding       National Crime          Embed crime prevention research, policy and      The National Crime             Lessons learned from work in 6
Initiative          Prevention Council      practice into existing state initiatives for     Prevention Council. (2003).    states.
                                            reducing violence, crime and drug abuse.         "Embedding Prevention in
                                                                                             State Policy and Practice:
                                                                                             Second Annual Evaluation
                                                                                             Report. Volume 1."
http://www.ncpc.org/ http://www.ncpc.org/                                                    http://www.ncpc.org/cms/cms
WhatWeOffer/progr WhoWeAre/index.ht                                                          -upload/ncpc/files/year2.pdf
ams/embedding/ind m
ex.htm
               Moving To            US Department of      An increased perception of safety in the       Popkin, Susan, Laura Harris,
               Opportunities        Housing               recipient's new neighborhood.                  and Mary Cunningham
               (MTO)                                                                                     (2002). "Families in
                                                                                                         Transition: A Qualitative
                                                                                                         Analysis of the MTO
                                                                                                         Experience." Washington,
                                                                                                         D.C.: U.S. Department of
                                                                                                         Housing and Urban
                                                                                                         Development
               http://www.hud.gov/ http://www.hud.gov/                                                   http://www.huduser.org/public
               progdesc/mto.cfm                                                                          ations/pubasst/mtoqualf.html


               The                The                Clearer thinking, better health, fulfilling         Hagelin, J.S., Rainforth,        Significant decrease in
               Transcendental     Transcendental     relationships and a peaceful world. Including,      M.V., Orme-Johnson, D.W.,        homicides, rapes, and assaults
               Meditation Program Meditation Program decreased stress, anxiety and depression,           Cavanaugh, K. L.,                associated with increases in the
                                                     decreased post-traumatic stress syndrome,           Alexander, C.N., Shatkin,        size of the group during the
                                                     and increased self-actualization.                   S.F., Davies, J.L, Hughes,       demonstration project.
                                                                                                         A.O, and Ross, E. 1999.
                                                                                                         Effects of group practice of
                                                                                                         the Transcendental
                                                                                                         Meditation program on
                                                                                                         preventing violent crime in
                                                                                                         Washington D.C.: Results of
                                                                                                         the National Demonstration
                                                                                                         Project, June-July, 1993.
                                                                                                         Social Indicators Research,
                                                                                                         47(2): 153-201.
               www.tm.org           www.tm.org                                                           http://www.istpp.org/crime_pr
                                                                                                         evention/index.html

Subtopic: Safe from Accidental Injury and Environmental Toxins
               Organization         Section               Brief Description of Content                    URL
Collections    Center for Disease   National Center for   Extensive information on injury care, violence, http://www.cdc.gov/ncipc/
of Evaluated   Control (CDC)        Injury Prevention     suicide and unintentional injuries for children
Programs                            and Control           and adults
and/or
Policies


               Organization          Section              Brief Description of Content                   URL
Research       National Institute of The "Back to         Public education campaign that has reduced     http://www.nichd.nih.gov/sids/
Sources        Child Health and      Sleep" Campaign      the rate of SIDS by 50 percent.
               Development
             Name                    Organization            Desired Outcomes                               Key Study                        Findings
Specific     Home Visiting                                   Modify specific risk factors associated with   Olds, David L., Charles R.       Fewer emergency health care
Policies,    Strategy                                        injuries to children, among others.            Henderson, Jr., Harriet J.       visits for children of low-income
Practices,                                                                                                  Kitzman, John J. Eckenrode,      unmarried women, and for
and                                                                                                         Robert E. Cole, Robert C.        women identified as having low
Programs                                                                                                    Tatelbaum (1999). ―Prenatal      psychological resources. Fewer
                                                                                                            and Infancy Home Visitation      health care visits (outpatient and
                                                                                                            by Nurses: Recent Findings.‖     hospitalization) for injuries and
                                                                                                             The Future of Children          ingestions, particularly for the
                                                                                                            Home Visiting: Recent            children of women with low
                                                                                                            Program Evaluations, Vol. 9,     psychological resources.
                                                                                                            No. 1.

                                                                                                            http://www.futureofchildren.or
                                                                                                            g/usr_doc/vol9no1Art3.pdf

             Child Safety Seat       The National            Increasing the use of child safety seats.      The Guide to Community           When correctly installed and
             Distribution and        Highway Traffic                                                        Preventive Services              used, child safety seats reduce
             Education               Safety                                                                                                  the risk of death by 70% for
             Programs                Administration                                                                                          infants and 47-54% for toddlers,
                                                                                                                                             reduce the need for
                                                                                                                                             hospitalization by 69% among
                                                                                                                                             children ages 4 and younger.
                                                                                                                                             This program was effective in
                                                                                                                                             distributing and increasing use
                                                                                                                                             of safety seats.
             http://www.nhtsa.dot    http://www.nhtsa.dot                                                   http://www.thecommunityguid
             .gov/portal/site/nhts   .gov/portal/site/nhts                                                  e.org/mvoi/mvoi-child-seat-
             a/menuitem.8be34e       a/menuitem.8be34e                                                      distrib-ed.pdf
             ba2a5557dd304a4c        ba2a5557dd304a4c
             4446108a0c/             4446108a0c/


             Infant Sleep Safety Minnesota                   Prevent infant deaths caused by unsafe sleep
             and Baby Bed        Department of               conditions
             Project             Health

             http://www.health.st    http://www.health.st
             ate.mn.us/divs/fh/m     ate.mn.us/
             ch/mortality/summar
             Keep Your Baby          Rhode Island            Provide education, support and resources to
             Lead Safe Program       Department of           make their homes safe for their newborns and
                                     Health                  decrease the risk of future childhood lead
                                                             poisoning.
http://www.health.ri. http://www.health.ri.
gov/lead/kybls/abou gov/
t.php

                                              Goldman, L. (2005) "Child
                                              Health and Environment. A
                                              Review of the Evidence."
                                              John Hopkins School of
                                              Public Health.
                                              http://www.zerotothree.org/po
                                              licy/

				
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