Practical Data Use for Disaster Prevention by kzk85286

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									Practical Data Use for Disaster Prevention
                              3rd JPTM
                  13-15 March 2007, Singapore




       Edna I. Conda
       Civil Defense Officer
       Office of Civil Defense
       National Disaster Coordinating Council
        REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES

                           LUZON




                                   VISAYAS




Population : 84 Million
     Rural : 35 Million                  MINDANAO
      Urban : 49 Million
   7,107 Islands
         NATIONAL DISASTER
        COORDINATING COUNCIL

HIGHEST POLICY MAKING, COORDINATING AND
SUPERVISING BODY AT THE NATIONAL LEVEL
FOR DISASTER MANAGEMENT IN THE COUNTRY.

ADVISES THE PRESIDENT ON THE STATUS OF
NATIONAL DISASTER PREPAREDNESS &
MANAGEMENT PLANS.

RECOMMENDS TO THE PRESIDENT THE
DECLARATION OF STATE OF CALAMITY AND THE
RELEASE OF NATIONAL CALAMITY FUND.
THE NDCC MEMBERS
Secretary, Nat’l Defense - Chairman
Secretary, Int.& Local Govt- Member
Secretary, Public Works- Member
Secretary, Health - Member
Secretary, Social Welfare- Member
Secretary, Agriculture- Member
Secretary, Education- Member
Secretary, Finance- Member
Secretary, Labor & Employment-Member
Secretary, Trade & Industry- Member
Secretary, Trans. & Comm. - Member
Secretary, Science & Tech. - Member
Secretary, Budget- Member
Secretary, Justice- Member
Secretary, Natural Resources- Member
Director, Phil. Info. Agency- Member
Sec-Gen - Phil Nat’l Red Cross- Member
Chief of Staff, AFP- Member
Administrator, Office of Civil Defense -
         Member and Executive Officer
   DCC ORGANIZATIONAL NETWORK

    NATIONAL DISASTER COORDINATING COUNCIL
             SECRETARY, NATIONAL DEFENSE

  17 REGIONAL DISASTER COORDINATING COUNCILS
                  RD-PNP / C, MMDA

 80 PROVINCIAL DISASTER COORDINATING COUNCILS
                PROVINCIAL GOVERNOR

    117 CITY DISASTER COORDINATING COUNCILS
                     CITY MAYOR

1,498 MUNICIPAL DISASTER COORDINATING COUNCILS
                  MUNICIPAL MAYOR

41,945 BARANGAY DISASTER COORDINATING COUNCILS
                BARANGAY CHAIRMAN
NDCC Comprehensive Disaster
  Management Framework

           Pre-Event




           Post-Event
                     vulnerability                 risk assessments, plans,
reduce risk,         reduced                       arrangements, training
vulnerability                                      & exercises
& hazard



     hazard/risk
     analysis
                      Mitigation     Preparedness
  mostly
  back to                                                       disaster /
  normal                                                        emergency


                    Rehabilitation Response

                                                         situation
   “healing”,                                           stabilized
   repair,
   reconstruction
   & recovery
                                       no longer direct threat to
                                       life/safety and property
Between 1970 to 2000, the Philippines incurred an average
 annual direct damage of PHP 15 Billion or US$ 300 Million
    due to disasters. This is equivalent to an average on
   0.7% of GDP per year and have caused major setback
       in the country’s socio-economic development.
                   NDCC FOUR-POINT
                   PLANS OF ACTION

1. Upgrading of the PAGASA (Weather Bureau of the Philippines)
   and PHIVOLCS (Volcanology and Seismology Bureau)
   Forecasting Capability
    NDCC FOUR-POINT
    PLANS OF ACTION

2. Public Information Campaign on
   Disaster Preparedness
            NDCC FOUR-POINT
            PLANS OF ACTION

3. Capacity Building for Local Government
   Units in Identified Vulnerable Areas
              NDCC FOUR-POINT
              PLANS OF ACTION


4. Mechanism for Government and Private Sector
   Partnership in Relief and Rehabilitation
   The Philippine Archipelago is located along the typhoon belt in the Pacific
making it vulnerable to typhoons.
    - Average of 19 typhoons/per year

   - 5 typhoons are destructive
                        Tropical Storm "CALOY"


PAGASA Track as of 2 p.m., 13 May 2006   Satellite Picture at 4:00 p.m., 13 May 2006
   HAZARD MAPPING AND ASSESSMENT FOR EFFECTIVE
   COMMUNITY-BASED DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENT
             (READY PROJECT)




FUNDED BY UNDP AND AuSAID
OCD-NDCC – EXECUTING AGENCY

IN COLLABORATION WITH:

Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS)
Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical, Astronomical
      and Services Administration (PAGASA)
Mines and Geosciences Bureau (MGB)
National Mapping Resource and Information Authority (NAMRIA)
“READY PROJECT” – connote action towards preparedness in
                         terms of natural disasters
                       - covers 27 high risk provinces


-Multi-hazard mapping:
  Earthquake and Volcanic hazards
  Floods and rain-induced landslides

-Public Education Campaign
  For realistic disaster preparedness plan
  For land use planning
                         Samples of Outputs


 EARTHQUAKE-INDUCED
LANDSLIDE HAZARD MAP

                                       TSUNAMI HAZARD MAP




  LEGEND
      Highly prone
      Moderately prone
      Less prone
      Not prone
                           RAIN-INDUCED
                       LANDSLIDE HAZARD MAP




FLOOD HAZARD MAP


 LEGEND
    Highly prone
    Moderately prone
    Less prone
    Not prone
   The Philippine Archipelago occupies the western ring of the Pacific
Ocean (Western Segment of the Pacific Ring of Fire), a most active
part of the earth that is characterized by an ocean-encircling belt of
active volcanoes and earthquake generators (faults).
FAULTS AND TRENCHES IN AND AROUND
          METRO MANILA




Metro
Manila




                                Source: PHIVOLCS
METRO MANILA EARTHQUAKE
IMPACT REDUCTION STUDY
    3 Earthquakes Scenarios for Damage Analysis




                                Model    M        IMPACT
                                  08     7.2   Severe Damage
                                  13     7.9      Tsunami
                                                Strong Ground
                                  18     6.5
                                                   Shaking




Model 08 is adopted as the worst-case damage scenario.
EARTHQUAKE DRILLS
      Funding of Disaster Management
       Programs / Projects / Activities

National Calamity Fund (NCF)
  – Aid, relief, rehabilitation services
  – Pre-disaster activities
  – Capital Expenditures
Quick Response Fund (QRF)
  –   Department of Social Welfare and Development
  –   Department of Public Works and Highways
  –   Department of National Defense
  –   Office of Civil Defense

5% Local Calamity Fund (LCF)
  – Disaster relief
  – Rehabilitation and Reconstruction
...The most effective
strategy to minimize
  adverse effects of
 disasters remain to
    be mitigation
 and preparedness.
      VISSION

• A Service – Oriented
  Organization.
• A Prepared Population.
• A Safe Nation.
                MABUHAY !



Office of Civil Defense-National Disaster Coordinating Council
Camp General Emilio Aguinaldo, Quezon City

Visit us at: www.ndcc.gov.ph

								
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