Sustainable Urban Development Program by pzs15406

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									                                                  Sustainable
                                                         Industries
Sustainable Development




                          Sustainable Urban
                          Development Program




                           Outcomes of a partnership between
                           the Urban Development Institute of Australia (Qld)
                           and the Environmental Protection Agency
Sustainable Urban Development Program
The urban development industry The way we live our everyday lives           In 2002 the Urban Development Institute
                                   has an impact on the environment         of Australia, Queensland (UDIA) and the
in Queensland is actively          and its capacity to support life now     Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
putting sustainability on its      and into the future. Greenhouse gas      launched a partnership to encourage
                                   emissions, loss of habitat, pollution,   and promote sustainable development
agenda, working to design          resource consumption, waste disposal     practices. The Sustainable Urban
and build new suburbs and          – all these issues present great         Development Program (SUDP) was a joint
                                   opportunities not only for engineers,    initiative to identify and promote innovative
precincts in ways that ensure a    town planners, developers, architects    practice in Queensland’s urban development
healthy environment for people     and builders – but most importantly,     industry with a view to demonstrating that
                                   for the consumers who will be the        sustainable development was good for
who will live and work in them.    future residents.                        business and good for the environment.
                                                                                     Sustainable
                                                                                            Industries

Sustainable                              Sustainable urban development
                                         puts great emphasis on:
                                                                                   > using water efficiently with a focus
                                                                                     on conservation and recycling
development                               > protecting the environment by
                                                                                   > reducing energy requirements to
                                                                                     lower costs and minimise
                                            promoting the preservation of            environmental damage
Sustainability requires integrating         biodiversity and natural habitats      > reducing waste by encouraging
economic, environmental and social        > building communities that encourage      recycling and onsite treatment
factors to ensure that in the way we        interaction and support among            for re-use
do things the needs of future generations   residents and businesses               > adopting eco-friendly designs and
are also taken into account – that we     > incorporating transport strategies and   choosing appropriate building
don’t squander our resources and            infrastructure to encourage use of       materials, with an emphasis
leave tomorrow’s children with              public transport and increased           on recycling and on reducing
fewer opportunities.                        opportunities for physical fitness       energy costs
Program and                                  > to influence the development of
                                               tools, resources, guidelines and
                                                                                            development. Developers were invited to
                                                                                            submit development proposals which

participants                                   policies to support sustainable
                                               urban development.
                                                                                            demonstrated elements of sustainability.
                                                                                            Twenty-five developments were entered
                                           For inclusion in the program, projects           of which four achieved a high level of
The Sustainable Urban Development
                                           needed to demonstrate how                        sustainable initiatives and were
Program has shown that by implementing
                                           environmental challenges could be                chosen as champion projects while
affordable, sustainable practices we can
                                           overcome and where research, innovation          several gained special recognition for
reduce water usage and energy costs,
                                           and design, or construction techniques           their commitment.
protect our natural assets and minimise
                                           could deliver environmental dividends.           The champion projects demonstrated key
the impact that developments have on
                                           The projects also had to demonstrate a           strengths such as capacity for innovation,
the environment.
                                           community focus, enabling residents to           an ability to quickly adopt sustainable
                                           enjoy healthy, safe and inclusive lifestyles     practices, and a willingness to work with
The objectives which framed the            that promote a sense of belonging.
program were:                                                                               government to expand and share
> to promote sustainability as a principle Finally, the projects had to demonstrate         knowledge within the industry.
    for urban development in Queensland economic benefits for the community and
    by demonstrating its practicality and the developer through the implementation
    financial viability                    of practical and financially viable solutions.
> to increase industry and government The program was designed to engage the
    awareness of current activities and    development industry and obtain vital
    achievements in sustainable            information about the potential benefits
    urban development                      of, and barriers to, sustainable urban
                                                                                   Sustainable
                                                                                          Industries




The champion projects were:              > Currumbin Valley EcoVillage,          > 599 Payne Road, The Gap, Brisbane
                                           Gold Coast                              Trevor O’Rourke
> Rockcote Design Centre, Nerang
                                           Landmatters Pty Ltd                     Residential subdivision
  Rockcote Enterprises Pty Ltd
  Industrial, commercial                   144 lots of residential,              > Peregian Springs, Coolum,
                                           mixed use development                   Sunshine Coast
> Coomera Waters Village and Resort,
                                         > The Discover Project, Brookwater,       Forrester Kurts Properties
  Gold Coast
                                           Springfield                             Master planned residential community
  Austcorp International Ltd/HWE
  Land Pty Ltd                             Medallist Golf Development Pty Ltd    > Prego, Logan Road, Brisbane
  Residential community title              and Springfield Land Corporation        Innovative Development Solutions
  development with 1100 allotments,        Pty Ltd                                 Pty Ltd, Tabtill Pty Ltd
  marina village, two recreational         Display home                            Residential unit development
  centres and 200 hectares of           > Edenbrooke Residential Development > Saltwater Studios, Coolum,
  environmental park                      and the Village at Edenbrooke            Sunshine Coast
> Pacific Harbour Golf Course Precinct,   Brisbane                                 Saltwater Oz Holdings Pty Ltd
  Bribie Island                           Urban Pacific and The BMD Group          Film studio
  QM Properties Pty Ltd                   600 allotment residential subdivision
                                                                                > The Pineapple Farm Development,
  650 lots plus 18-hole golf course       and 20 dwellings
                                                                                   Murrumba Downs, Brisbane
  and clubhouse within the              > Fairfield Waters, Townsville             Dennis Family Corporation
  Pacific Harbour Master Planned          Fairfield Land Pty Ltd                   250 lots residential subdivision
  Community Development                   Mixed-use residential community
                                                                                > Woodcrest Estate (stage 5),
> Kelvin Grove Urban Village, Brisbane > Manly West Environmentally                Pullenvale, Brisbane
  Department of Housing and               Sustainable Residential                  Tapwood Pty Ltd
  Queensland University of Technology     Development, Brisbane                    Residential subdivision
  (QUT)                                   Sustainable Human Settlements
  16 hectares mixed residential,                                                Projects are at various stages of design,
                                          Pty Ltd (SHS P/L)                     planning, approval and construction with
  education, retail and recreation
                                          Residential home and land packages expected completion dates between 2005
Other highly commended                  > Newstead Riverpark, Brisbane          and 2009.
projects included:                        Mirvac Queensland
                                          Mixed-use development,
> Buderim Retreat, Sunshine Coast
                                          urban renewal
  Ellesty Pty Ltd
  74 clustered rural residential lots   > Noosa Springs, Sunshine Coast
                                          StarCo Development Pty Ltd
> BM Webb Industrial Development,
                                          Hotel/resort and multi dwellings
  Townsville
  BM Webb Industrial Property           > Northwood, Brisbane
  Developers                              Heritage Pacific
  300-400 lots industrial subdivision     Residential subdivision
Design and                                   maintenance and repairs, and use
                                             products such as environmentally
                                                                                           Impact minimisation

materials                                    friendly paints and coatings.
                                                                                           Designed to have minimal environmental
                                                                                           impact, Kelvin Grove Urban Village places
                                             The orientation of a house and its            significant emphasis on energy-efficiency
We can significantly reduce the              structural design affect the amount of        in its building design, following
environmental impact of housing by better    sunlight and heat entering the building       environmental design guidelines to
design that emphasises climate smart         through walls and windows. Energy-            reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
features. Sustainable homes that are cost-   efficient design ensures that solar
effective, stylish and very comfortable      orientation enables the best natural          Natural systems
represent a major new business               heating, cooling, lighting and ventilation.
                                                                                     Rockcote Design Centre incorporates
opportunity for the development sector.                                              sustainable features into the buildings
                                           Architectural codes
Sustainable design incorporates features                                             using natural systems to provide heating,
                                           Each building at Coomera Waters Village cooling, lighting and ventilation.
that help conserve energy and water,
                                           and Resort is designed to maximise        In construction, the development used
increase the use of recycled materials and
                                           solar access, liveability and privacy.    recycled materials, plantation timber
minimise the use of materials that emit
                                           Architectural codes were developed        instead of steel for the roof structure,
potentially harmful gases.
                                           to promote a high standard of             and Rockcote EcoStyle environmentally
Buildings can be constructed to have       environmentally sensitive building design friendly paints and coatings.
a longer life, reduce the need for         and use of appropriate materials.
                                                 Sustainable
                                                        Industries

Water sensitivity
Climate change and the prospect of even
drier times ahead means that water
conservation has to be taken seriously
by all communities. We can do so much
more, relatively inexpensively, to be water
efficient and save millions of litres of water
each year. The principles of water-
sensitive design are an integral part of
sustainable development, and water
conservation measures should be
adopted wherever possible.

Rainwater tanks
Rainwater tanks provide a renewable,
cost-effective supply of water that can
be used for drinking, washing, bathing,
laundry and gardening. The installation
of rainwater tanks can help support the
environment and reduce demand on this
vital resource.

Wastewater
Wastewater comes from domestic,
commercial and industrial sources,
and the average Australian generates
approximately 250 litres of wastewater
each day. The collection and treatment
of wastewater is an important part of
water recycling. In non-sewered areas,
wastewater can be recycled and used in
the home for flushing toilets and in open
spaces to irrigate crops, parks, gardens
and golf courses.
Recycled water is defined as wastewater,
urban stormwater or rainwater that has
been treated according to stringent
environmental and health guidelines.
Rather than releasing it directly into the
waterways, it is put to use to help relieve
pressure on our water supply systems.
Currently about 13 percent of our
wastewater is recycled, with use of
recycled water increasing.
Recycled water is a resource, not a waste
product and often contains nitrogen and
phosphorus, which are particularly
beneficial to plants. For this reason many
golf courses and parks use it for irrigation.
Because excess nitrogen and phosphorus
promote weed and algal growth, it is better
to use recycled water on land                Water storage                               The development has onsite wastewater
rather than allow it to enter waterways.                                                 treatment and re-use for below-ground
                                             Every house in the Pacific Harbour Golf
                                                                                         irrigation in dedicated areas, as well as
Sustainable water initiatives have           Course Precinct is supplied with an
                                                                                         a modified sewer system. The average
been adopted by the champion projects.       underground rainwater tank servicing the
                                                                                         water demand is 75 percent less than
Water-efficient devices, stormwater          laundry, hot water, toilets and garden.
                                                                                         normal household requirements.
collection and/or treatment facilities,      The golf course lakes will be used to
rainwater tanks, and reuse of wastewater     irrigate the golf course and parks.
have been widely implemented.
                                                                                         Water self-sufficiency – residential
                                             The lakes are connected via swales
                                             and wetlands that will filter nutrients and The Currumbin Valley EcoVillage will not
Effluent re-use                              foster habitat growth and biodiversity. be connected to frontage water mains
                                                                                         or the public sewer. It is self-sufficient in
Coomera Waters Village and Resort
features effluent re-use in the form of a    Water self-sufficiency –                    water supply and treatment as wastewater
wastewater collection system, designed       commercial                                  is recycled onsite and used mainly for
                                                                                         toilets and irrigation.
as a reduced infiltration or ‘smart sewer’   The Rockcote Design Centre is completely
wastewater system. All wastewater will       self-sufficient in managing its water
be transferred to a separate treatment       requirements and waste treatment. The
                                                                                         Water re-use
plant that incorporates advanced             centre treats all wastewater onsite and The Peregian Springs residential
biological treatment processes.              reclaimed water is used for toilets and development features a lake system
The development has adopted innovative       garden irrigation. Rainwater tanks have throughout the golf course to collect
engineering designs to treat stormwater      been installed as a cost-effective          stormwater for re-use in irrigation.
onsite before discharging it into the        alternative to mains water.                 A network of vegetated swales collects
community’s lake or the Coomera River.                                                   stormwater from the surrounding
                                             Demand management                           development and directs it into the lakes.
Stormwater management                        At 599 Payne Road The Gap, each
                                                                                         Additionally, the retirement village has
                                                                                         installed 30,000 litre capacity rainwater
Kelvin Grove Urban Village incorporates      allotment has a rainwater tank integrated
                                                                                         tanks for irrigation. These tanks are
a number of multi-level stormwater           into a combined system for potable use.
                                                                                         integrated with the lakes to further
management systems including drainage        Rainwater tanks also provide stormwater
                                                                                         enhance their capacity and performance.
swales, grated trench drains, pollution      detention to limit runoff and retention to
traps in gully pits, and porous pavement.    provide storage for non-potable use.
                                                                                                  Sustainable
                                                                                                         Industries




Energy-efficiency
Relatively cheap electricity has fuelled          Sustainable energy initiatives have been      Efficiency mandate
the growth of the Australian economy              readily adopted by the champion projects
and demand will increase even more in the         with solar hot water systems and use of       At Pacific Harbour Golf Course Precinct
future. More than 90 percent of our electricity   gas as an alternative to electricity widely   every house is provided with photovoltaic
is generated from coal, accounting for            implemented.                                  panels and environmentally friendly hot
38 percent of greenhouse gas emissions.           Some have installed technology such as        water systems. Electric hot water systems
                                                  photovoltaic panels.                          are banned and houses are required to
Energy-efficiency is an important part
                                                                                                meet strict environmental standards.
of sustainable development and
energy conservation should be a                   Efficiency self-regulation
primary consideration when planning                                                             Onsite generation
                                           A self-imposed energy-efficiency
new developments.                          requirement permits only solar or gas                The Rockcote Design Centre will be a net
Natural energy sources, like solar energy, water-heating systems at Coomera Waters              exporter of energy. Energy consumption
should be used where possible and          Village and Resort. New homeowners                   within the building has been reduced
energy-efficient appliances should be      receive a checklist providing information            by about 80 percent compared with
recommended. Water efficiency can          about energy-efficiency to assist in house           a standard commercial building and
play a big part in further reducing demand design. Topics such as external sun control,         power will be generated onsite by
for energy.                                insulation and ventilation are addressed.            photovoltaic panels.
Waste                                    Recycling
                                         At Kelvin Grove Urban Village recycling
                                                                                 and all organic matter composted or used
                                                                                 in the gardens.

Waste management plans were              was a key initiative with the re-use of
                                         demolition and recycled materials,      Waste reduction
widely adopted with five developers,
including three of the champion          as well as the provision of recycling   Currumbin Valley EcoVillage incorporates
projects, researching superior ways      bins alongside outdoor rubbish bins. a series of comprehensive waste
of managing waste and building                                                   reduction strategies, including measures
community awareness. Some incorporated   Waste management plan                   to increase community awareness,
features like onsite waste separation    During construction, the developer at a recycling centre, and onsite composting
processes for building materials, and    Rockcote Design Centre implemented and permaculture facilities. The aim is to
negotiated waste disposal contracts      a waste management plan to ensure all reduce waste from the site by at least
with collection companies.               waste from the buildings was recycled 50 percent.
                                                                                             Sustainable
                                                                                                    Industries

Transport                                   Access and safety
                                            Kelvin Grove Urban Village is a transit-
                                                                                           Alternatives for employees
                                                                                           Rockcote Design Centre encourages staff
                                            friendly development with public transport     to use alternative methods of transport
Sustainable development encourages
                                            zones, and a streetscape that encourages       and has installed bike racks and shower
alternative modes of transport and
                                            cycling and provides access for people of      facilities. Delivery vehicles run on
focuses on eco-friendly solutions
                                            all abilities. The aim is to reduce reliance   alternative fuel (LPG) to reduce
that generate fewer greenhouse gases
                                            on cars by providing an accessible urban       greenhouse gas emissions.
and promote social interaction and
community involvement.                      environment, reduce traffic speeds and
                                            create a safer residential community.          Traffic calming
Roadways and traffic become less
                                                                                       Currumbin Valley EcoVillage identified
prominent within streetscapes, while
bus routes are designed to encourage
                                            Healthy living                             traffic calming as its main target and
                                         Pacific Harbour Golf Course Precinct          included a number of features in the
the use of public transport.
                                                                                       design to reduce traffic onsite and offsite.
The importance of transport initiatives encourages healthy living through transport These features include a network of
has been identified in most developments features such as a heritage trail for walking bikeways and walkways linking with a
and emphasises the need to link with     and cycling, and a network of pathways
                                                                                       public network, a community bus, car
state and local government planning      linked to external transport nodes.
                                                                                       pooling initiatives and provision of
processes to be effective.                                                             facilities such as a school, retail and
                                         Transport options                             service centres.
Many of the projects have committed
significant funding to planning and      The development at 599 Payne Road,
building infrastructure such as walking The Gap helps reduce transport energy
paths, bikeways, eco-trails with         consumption with pedestrian and
interpretative centres, and facilities   bicycle networks and access to existing
with showers for cyclists.               bus services.
                                                Native vegetation                         revegetate the riverbank, freshwater lake
Preservation of                                 Coomera Waters Village and Resort
                                                                                          and wetland, and enhance natural flora
biodiversity and                                features only native vegetation in its
                                                                                          and fauna, more than 11,000 trees, shrubs
                                                                                          and ground covers have been planted
natural habitat                                 design, which also provides for the       since development started. A wildlife
                                                preservation of local Aboriginal middens. corridor will increase the number of birds
                                                                                          and other native animals in the area.
Sustainable development is about
                                                Rehabilitation
protecting biodiversity on a long-term basis                                                 Audit and protect
with measures to promote a continued focus      Landscape design at 599 Payne Road
on eco-friendly solutions throughout the life   The Gap focuses on rehabilitation of the     Currumbin Valley EcoVillage undertook
of a project. Preserving the natural            habitat and increased biodiversity values,   a complete flora and fauna audit and
                                                using indigenous plant species and water     removed as few trees as possible to
environment through land rehabilitation
                                                saving devices. More than 20 percent         minimise impact. Eighty percent of the
and regeneration is an essential aspect of
                                                                                             site is allocated to open space with more
sustainable development.                        of the site is dedicated to public or
                                                                                             than 50 percent set aside as a flora
                                                community open space.
The best development sites are those                                                         and fauna reserve. The aim is to have
requiring little preparation so that natural                                                 enhanced biodiversity after the
ecosystems remain intact. Preservation
                                             Revegetation                                    development compared with before.
of existing indigenous vegetation and        Fairfield Waters focused on protecting
conservation of endangered flora and         environmental sensitivity and the natural
fauna is critical.                           attributes of the land. To stabilise and
                                                                                                  Sustainable
                                                                                                         Industries

Community
development
An important social element of sustainable          Integration
development is a community focus that
brings people together. Several developers          The goal at Kelvin Grove Urban Village
involved the local community in their               was to create an integrated community
projects to gain an appreciation for                close to Brisbane city. The developers
what people living nearby want and                  were mindful of existing neighbours
how the developer can provide it.                   throughout construction, and invited
Such an approach encourages local                   them to be a part of the new precinct.
                                                    A newsletter, information sessions and
residents to participate in and promote
                                                    a website were used to communicate
the project, helps avoid future objections,
                                                    with the community. The project focused
and ensures the community is committed
                                                    on developing new services and amenities
to sustainable outcomes.
                                                    for social interaction, childcare and
The creation of a community can be                  medical centres, university facilities,
achieved in a number of ways. Areas can             a theatre, exhibition space, retail outlets
be designated and beautified to provide             and a fitness centre.
opportunities for sport, entertainment
and social interaction. Other community             Family focus
features can include retail facilities,    Workshops with local community
libraries, childcare, fitness and wellness associations and businesses near Pacific
centres. Community development should      Harbour Golf Course Precinct influenced
also encourage diversity through affordableinfrastructure design, and consultation
housing schemes and a range of medium-     with neighbours and local environmental
priced housing styles.                     groups is ongoing to ensure issues are
                                           managed effectively. The design of the
Developers of many of the projects have
                                           social infrastructure focuses on families,
committed themselves to working with local
                                           providing a country club that is accessible
communities, and capital has been devoted to the entire community, childcare
to building sustainable infrastructure and facilities, a golf club as well as parks
establishing opportunities for more        and open spaces.
community interaction.
Examples include extensive consultation             Community consultation
processes, support and establishment                At Currumbin Valley EcoVillage community
of local community groups, construction             consultation began prior to council
of specialised community and sporting               approval and was ongoing throughout
facilities and shared use of existing facilities.   construction. The developer began by
                                                    liaising with local indigenous groups
Community village                                   and involving them in site selection.
                                                    The village has been designed with a
At Coomera Waters Village and Resort a
                                                    number of community services including
community village includes convenience
                                                    a school, shops, medical and recreational
shops as well as other service and retail           facilities, meeting rooms, a library,
outlets. There are plans for a childcare            sporting facilities and places of worship.
centre, recreational and community centres,
as well as social clubs. Parks and open
space provide areas for community
interaction. The developer is committed to
supporting local community groups and
has purchased a building for the local WASP
Creek Fire Brigade.
                                           comparable costs to traditional
Economic                                   development and others said it was
benefits                                   too early to tell.

                                           The industry believes that consumers
The implementation of sustainable          will pay a premium for sustainable
practices in building projects should      development because it usually provided
deliver long-term economic benefits.       better amenity. However, a number of
One of the greatest threats to long-term   key areas require further attention:
economic efficiency is the embedded
infrastructural inefficiencies that come    > validating the cost of sustainable
with urban sprawl and inadequately              development versus traditional
planned development. Sustainable                development
development pays for itself in the          > establishing a level playing field
longer term.                                > government concessions on items
                                                such as headworks charges and
Environmentally driven building initiatives     sustainable products
can deliver economic benefits. Developers > government processes and policies
can profit by converting waste into             that contribute to time delays.
revenue streams, by negotiating
reduced headworks charges, and by           Zero cost
achieving international recognition of
green credentials.                          A cost assessment compared
                                            conventional stormwater drainage for
Wastewater treatment plants and             Coomera Waters Village and Resort with
rainwater tanks can help residents          Water Sensitive Urban Design (WSUD).
save on council fees.                       The report concluded there would be
Buildings designed to make best use of no additional cost to implement WSUD
natural ventilation reduce the need for elements. In addition, the use of effluent
air-conditioning. Rooftop photovoltaic      for irrigation and toilet flush water is
panels can provide free household power, reducing the use of potable water by
and any excess can be sold back into the 10 to 15 percent.
electricity grid.
                                           Savings for residents
The UDIA-EPA partnership projects show     The inclusion of ESD initiatives at
that economic benefits vary considerably   Pacific Harbour Golf Course Precinct
among projects and can be attributed to    will result in each homeowner saving up
many factors:                              to $1000 a year on energy expenses for
> the range and type of sustainable        water and power.
  initiatives implemented
> how well expenses were logged
> the stage the project was at
> methodology
> level of state and local
  government assistance
> success of negotiations between
  developer and supplier
> marketing of the product
> level of understanding of costs
  associated with sustainable
  development, throughout the various
  professions/organisations.
While most developers reported that
sustainable features increased the cost
of the project, some developers reported
  Sustainable
         Industries

Addressing
future needs
today
The implementation of more sustainable
practices now is essential so that we can
enjoy a great quality of life today while
ensuring that future generations will also
have the resources they will need.
Through this partnership, the UDIA (Qld)
and the EPA have been able to promote
a shared understanding of the challenges
and opportunities of sustainable
urban development.
The end result is that sustainability is
now firmly on the public development
agenda, consumers have a better
understanding of the benefits,
and developers can see new ways of
making sustainable urban projects
valuable growth opportunities.
    Further information sources
    Industry and Community

    1.   Institute for Sustainable Futures and University of Technology Sydney, (2001),
         ‘Your Home Technical Manual’ and ‘Your Home Consumer Guide’. www.greenhouse.gov.au/yourhome
    2. Urban Design Alliance (Qld), ‘An Agenda for Urban Quality’.

    3. Urban Development Institute of Australia Queensland www.udiaqld.com.au

    4. Housing Industry Association, ‘Building a GreenSmart Home’. www.greensmart.com.au

    5.   Master Builders Australia (Qld) www.masterbuilders.com.au or phone 07 3404-6444

    6. Building Designers Association of Australia (Qld) www.bdaa.com.au or phone 07 3205-1739

    7.   Australasian Window Council www.wers.net or phone 03 9853 3464

    8. Australian Building Energy Council www.abec.com.au

    9. Insulation Solutions www.insulationsolutions.com.au or phone 1300-300-249.

    10. Royal Australian Institute of Architects (Qld) www.raia.com.au or phone 07 3846-4900

    11. Sustainable Energy Industries Association www.seia.com.au or phone 02 6230-0271

    12. Urban Design Alliance (Qld), ‘An Agenda for Urban Quality in Queensland’.

    13. ‘Getting to Smart Growth – 100 policies for implementation’ www.smartgrowth.org

    14. Bentley, I., Alcock, A., Murrain, P., McGlynn, S., and Smith, G. (1985), ‘Responsive Environments:
        A manual for designers’, Oxford: Butterworth Architecture.

    15. Brand, S. (1997), ‘How Buildings Learn: What happens after they’re built’, London: Phoenix.

    16. Dunster, W., Carter, G. (2001), ‘BedZED: Beddington Zero Energy Development, General Information
        Report 89, Watford’, Building Research Establishment.

    17. Martin, J. (1998), ‘Urban Planning for Sustainability’, Environment Design Guide, Melbourne:
        Royal Institute of Architects.

    18. Mobbs, M. (1998), ‘Sustainable House’, Marrickville: Choice Books.

    19. Reardon, C., White, S., McGee, C., Schackel, S., and Slapp, B. (2001), ‘Technical Manual’, Canberra:
        Commonwealth of Australia.

    20. Reardon, C., White, S., McGee, C., Schackel, S., and Slapp, B. (2001), ‘Your Home Consumer Guide’,
        Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia.

    21. English Partnerships and Housing Corporation, (2000) ‘The Urban Design Compendium’

    22. EcoSpecifier www.ecospecifier.org

    Government

    1.   South East Queensland Regional Organisation of Councils – ‘Draft Sustainable Housing Code:
         version 7’.

    2. Queensland Department of Public Works –‘Subdivisional Design Guidelines’ and ‘Building and
       Landscape Design Guidelines’.

    3. ACT Land Management Department – ‘Designing for High Quality and Sustainability’.

    4. Queensland Department of Housing – ‘The Smarthouse Initiative’.
       www.housing.qld.gov.au/smarthousing.htm

    5.   Queensland Department of Housing (2001) –‘Residential Design Manual: The Design Issues’.

    6. Queensland Department of Housing – ‘A Sustainable Display Home: the How To guide’.

    7.   Gold Coast City Urban Design Advisory Panel (1997) – ‘Guiding Principles for Urban Design’,
         Gold Coast City Council.

    8. Maroochy Shire Council, ‘An Introduction to Energy Efficient Home Design for the
       Maroochy Shire’, Maroochy Shire Council.

    9. Planning SA (1999), ‘Good Residential Design SA South Australia: A resource for planning,
       designing and developing neighbourhoods and homes’, Government of South Australia.

    10. SEDA (2000), ‘Tenant Energy Management Handbook, Sydney’: Sustainable Energy
        Development Authority.



For more information
> visit www.epa.qld.gov.au/sustainable_industries
> email sustainable.industries@epa.qld.gov.au
> call (07) 3225 1999

								
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