Personal and Family Development by vpo20543

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									                    Personal and Family Development
                              Semester I Exam Review


Chapter 1 Understanding Yourself
Key Terms:
Maturity
Chronological Growth
Physical Growth
Adolescence
Emotional Growth
Intellectual Growth
Social Growth
Developmental Tasks
Character
Self Concept
Self Esteem
Personal Priority
Emulation

   1. What are the 4 types of growth?

   2. In each of these areas of growth, what typically happens during adolescence?

   3. What 2 kinds of traits do you have? Give an example of each.

   4. What are five factors that help make each person unique?

   5. How can heredity cause people to be alike and different?

   6. How do personal priorities develop?

   7. What factors affect your personal priorities?

   8. What kinds of conflicts in one’s personal priorities may arise?

   9. Upon what might a person’s code of behavior be based?
   10. How does one’s character develop?

   11. What is the most important aspect of one’s character?

   12. What are examples of common character traits?

   13. How might someone improve their self concept?

   14. Developmental Tasks are tasks or skills that society has come to expect of people
       at a certain age. Success with these tasks may lead to contentment in life and
       success with future developmental tasks. Please list the developmental tasks of
       teens.

   15. How might a person’s self-esteem affect their behavior?

   16. What influences your behavior and decisions?

   17. Who or what do your decisions and behavior affect?

   18. How does a person’s cultural heritage affect their development?

   19. How do wants differ from needs?




Chapter 2: Understanding Relationships
Key Terms:
Sibling


   1. What qualities are needed for strong relationships?

   2. Describe the difficulties people may face if getting married in their teen years.

   3. Describe the types of relationships that are important as a child grows to an adult.

   4. In a relationship, what might the result of name-calling and put-downs be?

   5. What are ways to end a negative relationship?

   6. What are ways you can handle peer pressure?
Chapter 3: Communication Skills

Key Terms:
Communication
Verbal Communication
Nonverbal communication
Communication Barrier
Active Listener
Body Language
Coded Message
Conflict
Conflict Resolution Process
Prejudice
Stereotype
Scapegoating
Compromise
Mediation
Peer Mediators
Negotiation


   1. What are tips to help you improve being an active listener?

   2. What are some barriers to good listening?

   3. What techniques are important for good speaking skills?

   4. What are good ways to start a conversation?

   5. What are forms of nonverbal communication?

   6. What are constructive methods for handling conflict?

   7. Why is violence the most destructive way of handling conflict?

   8. Describe the conflict resolution process.

   9. What can happen as a result of a person venting their negative feelings?

   10. Why is it important to communication positive feelings?
   11. What forms of communication can be time wasters as well as time savers and
       how?

   12. What is the desired result of the negotiation process?



Chapter 6 Understanding Families
Chapter 7: Family Structures
Key Terms:
Family
Procreation
Socialization
Family Structure
Nuclear Family
Single Parent Family
Stepfamily
Extended Family
Childless Family
Demographic Factors
Family Life Cycle
Functional Families
Dysfunctional Family
Codependency
Dual-career Family
Emotional Abuse
Emotional Neglect
Flextime
Job Sharing
Physical Abuse
Physical Neglect
Support System
Tailored Paycheck


   1. What are the stages of the family life cycle? Describe them.
2. What function of the family assures that the human race will continue?


3. Family members usually have more than one role. Describe your roles.


4. Describe how some roles may change throughout the family life cycle.


5. How can someone who is single maintain close family relationships?


6. What are the basic functions of the family unit?


7. What are factors that influence families?


8. How can demographic factors influence the family?


9. How can technological advances influence the family?


10. What cultural influence might affect the family?


11. What world events may affect family life?


12. What are the possible effects of work on family life?


13. How can family members adjust to their multiple roles?


14. How does society help the family if they cannot provide the basic needs of
    clothing, shelter, and medical care?


15. What are ways to build strong, functional families?


16. What are types of crises a family may face?


17. How can families cope with crises?
   18. What are typical emotions a person might feel when a loved one dies?


   19. Who may be affected if a couple divorces?


   20. What is a possible reason a second marriage may succeed if when a first
      marriage fails?


   21. Describe the typical American family.


   22. What organizations may assist families with adult roles in single-parent families?


   23. Parents teach their children morals directly and indirectly. Explain.


   24. How can a couple balance work responsibilities and rewards with family
       responsibilities?


   25. What can employers do to increase employee’s satisfaction and productivity
      with regard to the employee’s family life?


   26. What are possible negative effects of work on family life?




Chapter 9 Meeting Children’s Needs
Key Terms:
Caregivers
Nanny
Foster Care
Multicultural
1. What are the responsibilities of caregivers?


2. What is the ideal environment in which a child can grow up? That is, what type of
family structure?
3. What types of resources can a caregiver use to give the best care?


4. Complete the following table tracking the growth of children during the first years of
their life.

Age/Stage of       Physical          Emotional          Social Growth     Intellectual
Development        Growth            Growth                               Growth
Infants (Birth –
Age 12 months)




Toddlers (Ages
2-3)




Preschoolers
(Ages 4-5)




5. What types of play are important for the development of children? Describe them.

6. How do newborns first get important nutrients?

7. What are ways you can help children develop independence and responsibility?

8. Describe the 3 types of parenting styles.

9. What are techniques to remember when communicating with children?

10. What are possible causes of child abuse?

11. What are possible signs of child abuse?
12. What should you do if you suspect child abuse?

13. What are guidelines to help parents create a safe environment for their children?

14. What should parents and other caregivers remember about meeting the child’s
nutritional requirements?

15. Explain why mealtime psychology may be needed and give an example.

16. What guidelines should parents follow to establish a healthy bedtime routine for their
children?

17 What should parents remember in helping their children with toilet learning?

								
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