Personal and Family Development Semester I Exam Review Chapter 1 Understanding Yourself Key Terms: Maturity Chronological Growth Physical Growth Adolescence Emotional Growth Intellectual Growth Social Growth Developmental Tasks Character Self Concept Self Esteem Personal Priority Emulation 1. What are the 4 types of growth? 2. In each of these areas of growth, what typically happens during adolescence? 3. What 2 kinds of traits do you have? Give an example of each. 4. What are five factors that help make each person unique? 5. How can heredity cause people to be alike and different? 6. How do personal priorities develop? 7. What factors affect your personal priorities? 8. What kinds of conflicts in one’s personal priorities may arise? 9. Upon what might a person’s code of behavior be based? 10. How does one’s character develop? 11. What is the most important aspect of one’s character? 12. What are examples of common character traits? 13. How might someone improve their self concept? 14. Developmental Tasks are tasks or skills that society has come to expect of people at a certain age. Success with these tasks may lead to contentment in life and success with future developmental tasks. Please list the developmental tasks of teens. 15. How might a person’s self-esteem affect their behavior? 16. What influences your behavior and decisions? 17. Who or what do your decisions and behavior affect? 18. How does a person’s cultural heritage affect their development? 19. How do wants differ from needs? Chapter 2: Understanding Relationships Key Terms: Sibling 1. What qualities are needed for strong relationships? 2. Describe the difficulties people may face if getting married in their teen years. 3. Describe the types of relationships that are important as a child grows to an adult. 4. In a relationship, what might the result of name-calling and put-downs be? 5. What are ways to end a negative relationship? 6. What are ways you can handle peer pressure? Chapter 3: Communication Skills Key Terms: Communication Verbal Communication Nonverbal communication Communication Barrier Active Listener Body Language Coded Message Conflict Conflict Resolution Process Prejudice Stereotype Scapegoating Compromise Mediation Peer Mediators Negotiation 1. What are tips to help you improve being an active listener? 2. What are some barriers to good listening? 3. What techniques are important for good speaking skills? 4. What are good ways to start a conversation? 5. What are forms of nonverbal communication? 6. What are constructive methods for handling conflict? 7. Why is violence the most destructive way of handling conflict? 8. Describe the conflict resolution process. 9. What can happen as a result of a person venting their negative feelings? 10. Why is it important to communication positive feelings? 11. What forms of communication can be time wasters as well as time savers and how? 12. What is the desired result of the negotiation process? Chapter 6 Understanding Families Chapter 7: Family Structures Key Terms: Family Procreation Socialization Family Structure Nuclear Family Single Parent Family Stepfamily Extended Family Childless Family Demographic Factors Family Life Cycle Functional Families Dysfunctional Family Codependency Dual-career Family Emotional Abuse Emotional Neglect Flextime Job Sharing Physical Abuse Physical Neglect Support System Tailored Paycheck 1. What are the stages of the family life cycle? Describe them. 2. What function of the family assures that the human race will continue? 3. Family members usually have more than one role. Describe your roles. 4. Describe how some roles may change throughout the family life cycle. 5. How can someone who is single maintain close family relationships? 6. What are the basic functions of the family unit? 7. What are factors that influence families? 8. How can demographic factors influence the family? 9. How can technological advances influence the family? 10. What cultural influence might affect the family? 11. What world events may affect family life? 12. What are the possible effects of work on family life? 13. How can family members adjust to their multiple roles? 14. How does society help the family if they cannot provide the basic needs of clothing, shelter, and medical care? 15. What are ways to build strong, functional families? 16. What are types of crises a family may face? 17. How can families cope with crises? 18. What are typical emotions a person might feel when a loved one dies? 19. Who may be affected if a couple divorces? 20. What is a possible reason a second marriage may succeed if when a first marriage fails? 21. Describe the typical American family. 22. What organizations may assist families with adult roles in single-parent families? 23. Parents teach their children morals directly and indirectly. Explain. 24. How can a couple balance work responsibilities and rewards with family responsibilities? 25. What can employers do to increase employee’s satisfaction and productivity with regard to the employee’s family life? 26. What are possible negative effects of work on family life? Chapter 9 Meeting Children’s Needs Key Terms: Caregivers Nanny Foster Care Multicultural 1. What are the responsibilities of caregivers? 2. What is the ideal environment in which a child can grow up? That is, what type of family structure? 3. What types of resources can a caregiver use to give the best care? 4. Complete the following table tracking the growth of children during the first years of their life. Age/Stage of Physical Emotional Social Growth Intellectual Development Growth Growth Growth Infants (Birth – Age 12 months) Toddlers (Ages 2-3) Preschoolers (Ages 4-5) 5. What types of play are important for the development of children? Describe them. 6. How do newborns first get important nutrients? 7. What are ways you can help children develop independence and responsibility? 8. Describe the 3 types of parenting styles. 9. What are techniques to remember when communicating with children? 10. What are possible causes of child abuse? 11. What are possible signs of child abuse? 12. What should you do if you suspect child abuse? 13. What are guidelines to help parents create a safe environment for their children? 14. What should parents and other caregivers remember about meeting the child’s nutritional requirements? 15. Explain why mealtime psychology may be needed and give an example. 16. What guidelines should parents follow to establish a healthy bedtime routine for their children? 17 What should parents remember in helping their children with toilet learning?
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