Because the majority of young people are generally making good choices online, social norms risk-prevention educational strategies can be used. Online risk behavior is grounded in mental health concerns. Because many incidents involve known peers, such behavior will often cause a disruptive or harmful impact at school.
In Part 1 of this article, which appeared in the May/June is- sue, we looked at a range of safety and security issues af- fecting educators as we all strive to attain the vision enunciated at the beginning of that feature. That vision laid out a framework for security in a Web 2.0-based educational environ- ment comprising three parts: • 21st-century learning environments: Schools are safe- ly and effectively using Web 2.0 technologies to pre- pare students for their future education and careers, civic responsibilities, and personal life in the 21st cen- tury. This was our main focus in Part 1. (See “Securi- ty in a Web 2.0-Based Educational Environment: Is- sues and Answers—Part 1,” May/June 2010 Multime- dia &Internet@Schools.) • Universal digital media safety, citizenship, and lit- eracy competencies. • Targeted youth risk online prevention and intervention. In Part 2, we’ll address universal digital media safety and lit- eracy education as well as targeted youth risk online prevention. > July/August 2010 MULTIMEDIA & INTERNET@SCHOOLS 21 To ensure the delivery of accurate UNIVERSAL DIGITAL MEDIA SAFETY AND LITERACY EDUCATION and effective instruction, schools All young people must gain competencies in the safe and responsible use of digital media technologies and resources. need to develop a broad-based This includes understanding risks and effective protective strategies, understanding the standards for responsible be- plan utilizing the expertise of havior, and taking responsibility for the well-being of others. Schools are mobilizing to address digital media safety and library/digital media specialists, literacy. One key factor fueling this is the new internet safe- ty education requirements associated with the Children’s In- educational technology specialists, ternet Protection Act. We all recognize that students’ misuse of digital media while on or off campus is having an impact not only on their well-being and learning but also on the qual- counselors, health teachers, ity of the school community. Unfortunately, some internet safety curriculum and pro- school resource officers … and fessional development materials currently available, especial- ly those developed or funded by law enforcement, present con- even older students. cerns. These materials support the authoritarian delivery of inaccurate, fear-based messages and simplistic rules against normative online behavior. Fear-based risk prevention ap- proaches have never been demonstrated to be effective in pre- venting risk behavior. This approach may cause young peo-
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