chronological vs funtional resumes

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					Chronological vs. functional resumes

A resume is a one- to two-page document summarizing your career
objectives, professional experiences and achievements, and educational

While there are numerous ways to format your resume, there are two main
resume styles: chronological and functional.

As its name implies, a chronological resume is one that lists your
experience and education in order, starting with the most recent jobs or
achievements. This type of resume is sometimes also referred to as
reverse chronological resume, because the order of the listing starts
with your current employment. This type of resume preferred – employers
will want to know what job you currently hold so that they can better
asses your qualifications for the job of your interest. The same is true
for your education; your potential employer would rather know your most
recent scholastic achievement. Listing your experience and education in
reverse chronological order also shows your potential employer your
overall career progress. It also helps in determining the length of
employment at each organization, and indicates any gaps in your career
(in case of gaps, make sure to address them in your cover letter as to
not lead your employer to believe that you are omitting information on
purpose). Chronological resume should list your current job, as well as
two to four previously held positions. Don’t skip any employment
information on purpose; if your employment history is long, or if you
have held jobs further in the past that align well with your current
career objective, you can address these qualifications in your
professional profile or in your cover letter. Chronological resumes are
the most commonly used style, and work best for anyone who has had some
professional experience.

Functional resumes focus on your qualifications, not your career
timeline. This style of the resume highlights what skills you have,
rather than where and when you acquired or utilize them. In other words,
instead of listing your experiences by your job titles, your resume will
contained sections titled by your skills such as verbal and written
communication, customer satisfaction, project management, etc. This
resume style is recommended for college students seeking internships or
their first jobs out of college, for those with no professional
experience, those who have not worked for some time, or for career
changers. While potential employers will appreciate the overview of your
skills, if you hold any professional experience, consider using the
chronological resume, or a combination resume, over the functional

A combination resume, although not often discussed, has become a popular
format in recent years. As its name implies, it is a combination of
chronological resume style and functional resume style. This hybrid style
allows professionals to highlight the qualification they have that are
critical for the job of their interest, while at the same time listing
employment and educational history in reverse chronological order. A word
of caution – don’t try to do too much when using a combination resume by
going over board with the type and number of sections you include in your
resume. It is best to keep the information listed, even in the
combination format, to what is relevant for the job.

Same rules apply for each style. Don’t exceed two pages, tailor your
resume to your career objective and put your best foot forward in order
to get the interview, and eventually the job.

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