Project Management for International Development by lgm41816


									                             Project Management

  We would like to acknowledge the support of the Project Management
Institute and the International Institute for Learning, Inc. for permitting the
           use of their intellectual property within this curriculum.
Who Are We and Why Are We Here
Eric Berg – Executive Director of
LINGOs a consortium of 34
international NGOs

Eric Verzuh – President and
Founder of The Versatile Comp. –
leading NW project management
training and consulting firm
   The Wisdom of Crowds
  Cognition - Market judgments
  Coordination – utilization optimization
  Cooperation – Networks of trust

Diversity of opinion - Each person should have
private information even if it's just an eccentric
interpretation of the known facts.
Independence - People's opinions aren't determined
by the opinions of those around them.
Decentralization - People are able to specialize and
draw on local knowledge.
Aggregation - Some mechanism exists for turning
private judgments into a collective decision.
 Course Title and Clarifications
PB AF 531 Development Management in the
21st Century (3)
Addresses organization, administration and
evaluation in governmental and non-
governmental agencies involved in development
efforts. Students examine development
strategies, alternative management approaches,
and management skills such as budgeting,
finance, human resource development and
program evaluation. Other topics include
communication, expatriate/local power
imbalances, decentralization, community
involvement, culture, and personnel issues.
Course Objectives
• Describe the roles and responsibilities of project
  managers across the Project Life Cycle
• Employ tools for 4-levels of project analysis
• Describe and Develop a Logical Framework Matrix
• Explain the steps of project initiation and planning
• Identify and Manage Project Scope
• Use tools to accurately estimate project time,
  resources and cost.
• Manage, monitor and control the project against
  the baseline
• Close out a project effectively
    Why Project Management

Combined Budgets Working Group                                $6.58 Billion
Combined Program Budgets                                      $5.92 Billion
Combined Project Budgets                                      $4.74 Billion

Total Direct Employees                                        Over 75,000
Estimated Number of Project Managers                          Over 15,000

Number of Countries                                           125 +
   A 1% improvement produces the equivalent of $47 million for beneficiary impact
   How many have:
     Managed a project
     Taken a Project Management Course
     Worked for an NGO or Public Sector
     Created a LogFrame
     Had LogFrames included in a course
     Worked outside the US

 Are going to hear the Dalai Lama next week

   Need a good grade in this class
Reference Books

PMBoK Guide

            Project Management
Group Presentation
 Select a Project
     Must impact the poor or the
     environment in Puget Sound Area
     Not less than 6 months or more
     than 1 year
     Budget of $250,000
     Can be:
           an event, a curriculum, a
           program, an advocacy, etc,

 Groups of 5 +/-
Group Presentation (June         2nd)

Required for Presentation
          Project Summary Chart
          Stake Holder Analysis
          LogFrame/Results Framework
Supporting Documentation
          Statement of Work
          List Of Stakeholders
          Responsibility Matrix
          Detailed Project Plan (including)
                Work Breakdown Structure
                Network Diagram
Last Week Summary (Chapter 5)
Risk Response Alternatives

Accept the risk
Avoid the risk
Monitor and have contingency plan
Transfer the risk
Mitigate the risk
Project Management Organizations

PMI - Largest Professional Organization
for Project Managers (200,000+)

Association for Project Managers –
primarily European (15,000+)

International Project Manager
Association – a network of PM societies
Major Certifications
CAPM – Diploma and 1500 hours or
23 contact hours of training plus exam

PMP – Degree or Diploma and 4500 to
7500 hours of direct project
management experience plus 35
contact hours plus exam

Prince 2 – primarily UK/EU requires
two exams
What is a project?
 A temporary endeavor undertaken to
 create a unique product or service.


What percentage of all projects SUCCEED, which is defined as
projects that were on/under budget AND on/under schedule
AND the scope was completed)?

What percentage of projects FAIL, which is defined projects
that were abandoned or cancelled mid-stream)?
      Project Outcomes History 1994-2000

                                                          Standish Group - 2001
Successful -     on time, on budget, with all features and functions initially specified.
Failed - cancelled before completion or never implemented.
Challenged projects were completed and operational, but over-budget, over the
time estimate, and with fewer features.
       Why Projects Fail

• Lack of participation
• Incomplete User

                           Standish Group Internation, 1995
Project Management

 The planning, organizing, scheduling,
leading, communicating and controlling of
  work activities to achieve a pre-defined
   outcome on time and within budget.
The Triple Constraint



         Time             Cost
     Project Life Cycle
                           Monitoring and

Conceptual    Initiating                                           Closing
 Design      Processes                                            Processes


                                         Adapted from PMBOK Guide – Third Edition, p. 40
9 Knowledge Areas
Making the Connection
The Project Manager Challenge
The challenge of being a project
manager is getting other people to
do what your project needs, often
with limited authority. It’s a
complex job that requires multiple
skill sets.
  Project Manager Skill Sets
                            Project   The discipline of Project
                                      Management covered in
                            Mgmt.           this course

                Business         Technical

                                            Sector Specific
  General Business skills               Knowledge (i.e. health,
 including interpersonal,                emergency response,
communication, finance,                    agriculture, etc.)
     negotiating, etc


             Project Managers
                 Skill Sets


             Project Managers
                 Skill Sets
Process Group Interaction
Portfolio, Programs and Projects
Project vs. Program
  Project - “A temporary endeavor
  undertaken to create a unique product,
  service or result.” PMBOK Guide – Third Edition, p. 5

  Program - “A group of related projects
  managed in a coordinated way to obtain
  benefits and control not available from
  managing them individually. Programs may
  include elements of related work outside of
  the scope of the discrete projects in the
  program.” PMBOK Guide – Third Edition, p. 16

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