EARLY AMERICA AND THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION by zzc95435

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									EARLY AMERICA AND THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION

                                                                                                                          Mooney lost his horse, most of his
                                                                                                                          clothes, and all his camp equipage to
                                                                                                                          a very considerable value, and was
                                                                                                                          allowed partial compensation. Pro-
                                                                                                                          fessionally tipped in at edges to ar-
                                                                                                                          chival reinforcement. Quite attrac-
                                                                                                                          tive, Very Fine and very rare.
                                                                              REVOLUTIONARY WAR
                                                                                                                                                      $250 - up
                                                                                PATRIOT HERCULES
                                                                                       MOONEY
                                                                             SIGNS FOR WAGES – ONE
                                                                          MONTH LATER HE WOULD
                                                                           MARCH TO TICONDEROGA
                                                                          *3
   1776 SOLDIER’S PRINTED ENLISTMENT CERTIFI-                             HERCULES MOONEY (1715-
  CATE DATED JUST DAYS PRIOR TO THE SIGNING                               1800) NH Military officer of Distinc-
      OF THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE                                  tion. Fought in the French and In-
*1                                                                        dian War as a Captain, was at the Battle         ORDER FOR INTEREST ON
[REVOLUTIONARY WAR] A rare and interesting, Revolution-                   of Fort William Henry.                           STATE NOTES SIGNED BY A
ary War-dated 1776 Soldier’s Enlistment Certificate for Simeon Barnes     In 1775 he was a delegate to the pro-              CONNECTICUT PATRIOT
of Woodbury, (MA), June 25, 1776, 3" x 6.5", Very Fine. Toned and         vincial congress at Exeter, NH and in                   WHO ANSWERED
waterstained, but still pleasing and definitely rare. Partially printed   1776 was appointed as Lt. Col. in the             THE LEXINGTON ALARM!
and completed in manuscript, this was the soldier’s certification that    Continental Army. He served in Col.             *4
he had, indeed, volunteered for service in the Continental Army.          Pierse Long’s regiment (Long’s Regi-            Order #2763 for interest on state
 In full: “I, William Jakways of Canaan do acknowledge to have            ment) and fought at the Battle of               notes signed “George Griswold.”
voluntarily inlisted myself a Soldier, to serve in the Battalion of       Fort Ann during the Saratoga cam-               One page, 7 1/2 ” x 3 1/8”.
Foot raised by the Colony of Connecticut, to join the Continental         paign. During 1778 and 1779 Col.                “Comptroller’s-Office, Hartford.”
Army in New-York, to be commanded by Col. Fisher Gay Esq; until           Mooney served on New Hampshire’s                April 14, 1789. The order reads:
the Twenty-fifth day of December next. Witness my Hand, this 4            Committee of Safety. In June 1779               “Received of Oliver Wolcott, Comp-
Day of June A.D. 1776.” (signed) William Jakways. The Americans           he was given command of a regi-                 troller of the Public Accounts, one
mounted an intense recruitment campaign in 1776 to oppose the             ment of New Hampshire Militia that              pound twelve shillings & nine pence
British invasion of New York which, at the time, represented the          was sent to Rhode Island to keep                Lawful Money in 1 Certificates; be-
largest expeditionary force ever sent overseas by the British. The        watch on the British Army at New-               ing for the Interest on 2 State Notes,
Americans were handicapped by inferior numbers and a lack of              port.                                           amounting to £27 5 10 computed to
experienced fighters.                                      $1,750 - up                                                    the first of February, A.D. 1789.
                                                                          Autograph Document Signed. New                  Comptroller’s-Office, Hartford, April
                                                                          Castle, Jan. 6th 1777, 1 page. 8½ x 3”.         14, 1789 for Silas Sill George
                                                                           In a perfect presentation, a Pay or-           Griswold.”
                                                                           der for wages signed by Hercules               As war between Britain and her colo-
                                                                           Mooney: “Mr. Noah Emery Jun.. Pay-             nies drew near, the colonial spirit
      HORSES FOR WASHINGTON’S ARMY
                                                                           master of Col. Long’s Regiment…pay to          took deep root among Connecticut
                                                                           Adjutant James Macclure the whole of my        residents. This spirit, evidenced in
                                                                           wages due to me for my service in the said     numerous protests and resolutions,
                                                                           Regiment and the same I will oblidge           can be said to have culminated on
                                    *2                                     you…”                                          April 19, 1775 with the Lexington
                                    [Revolutionary War] 1780, P.A.                                                        Alarm. Though not organized by
                                    Anderson PA 1. Bucks County,              The breaking out of the revolution-         Connecticut’s governor, the wide-
                                    Pennsylvania bond issued in               ary war found this heroic man with          spread uprising of Connecticut citi-
                                    which Horner “has furnished               the first name of Hercules an en-           zens was far from a example of mob
                                    this State, for the use of the            thusiastic patriot, ready for the strife.   mentality. Rather, these townspeople
                                    United States, with a Roan Mare,          In 1776, he was commissioned and            moved in a surprisingly orderly, yet
                                    12 years old 14 hands high which          stationed at Newcastle. Then, in Feb.       spontaneous manner as they re-
                                    has been appraised by two Free-           1777 Mooney was ordered by Gen-             sponded to Massachusetts’s cry for
                                    holders, on Oath at the sum of            eral Ward to march to Ticonderoga,          aid at the first dawning of the Ameri-
                                    thirty-five pounds specie ex-             New York,. Upon the approach of             can Revolution. According to Con-
                                                                              the British army under General              necticut in the Revolution, sergeant
   change 40 for one and for which the State is now justly indebted to
                                                                              Burgoyne, Ticonderoga was evacu-            George Griswold of Killingworth,
   him in that Sum, with Interest.” Washington’s Army was in dire
                                                                              ated July 6, 1777, and the New Hamp-        Connecticut, was among those brave
   need of horses and these were issued to horse owners who both
                                                                              shire troops were ordered to help           patriots who left their families and
   willingly, and unwillingly saw their horses march off with the
                                                                              cover the retreat, during which a           homes and risked their lives to
   army. Fine.                                               $500 - up
                                                                              few were killed and about one hun-          struggle for the liberty of the still
                                                                              dred men wounded. During this re-           imagined American nation. Choice.
                                                                              treat Lieutenant-Colonel Hercules                                         $150 - up


                                                                          1
                                                     FANTASTIC REVOLUTIONARY WAR DOCUMENT
                                               BUSH CONSPIRED TO LEVY WAR AGAINST THE UNITED STATES
 ORDER FOR INTEREST ON                       THE NEW GOVERNMENT OF THE UNITED STATES TRIES JOHN BUSH
STATE NOTES SIGNED BY A                      WITH REFERENCES TO LEXINGTON AND CONCORD & BUNKER HILL
  CONNECTICUT PATRIOT
        WHO ANSWERED
 THE LEXINGTON ALARM!
                                              A LOYALIST ABANDONS HIS LAND, SOUGHT AND OBTAINED “THE
*5                                           PROTECTION OF THOMAS GAGE” AND HIS PROPERTY CONFISCATED
Order #2315 for interest on state          *7
notes signed “Benj. Nichols.” One          LEVI LINCOLN, Sr. (1749-1820) American revolutionary and statesman who served as a Minuteman at
page, 7 1/2” x 3 1/8”. “Comptroller’s-     the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War, Governor of Massachusetts, U.S. Representative, Attor-
Office, Hartford.” April 2, 1789. Mint     ney General for President Thomas Jefferson and Acting Secretary of State.
condition. The order reads:
                                           Autograph Document Signed “Levi Lincoln”; December, 1782. 1¾ pp. Worcester Country. “Commonwealth
“Received of Oliver Wolcott, Comp-         vs. John Bush.” During and after the Revolutionary War, land that belonged to Tories was seized and the
troller of the Public Accounts, eight      money used for the benefit of the Commonwealth through a series of Acts passed, generally called The
pounds fifteen shillings and one           Confiscation Acts. Large land holders and the most egregious of the remaining Tories in 1782 were cited
penny Lawful Money in 10 Certifi-          for Treason. John Bush was a large land holder in Western Mass who had abandoned his property and was
cates; being for the Interest on 5 State   cited by Lincoln and Attorney General, Declaration Signer Robert Treat Paine and declared an Enemy: We
Notes, amounting to £145 18 10 ¾           recite a good portion of the document:
computed to the first of February,
A.D. 1789. Comptroller’s-Office, Hart-     “Be it remembered that Levi Lincoln…Attorney for the Commonwealth of Massachusetts specially appointed for this purpose by
ford, April 2, 1789 for Abel Hawley        Robert Treat Paine, Esquire their Attorney General, in their behalf,, complaint against John Bush, Late of Shrewsbury,
Benj. Nichols.”                            yeoman, that the said John Bush Since the nineteenth day of April in the year of our Lord seventeen hundred and seventy
                                           five viz on the tenth day of June…1775 In Boston in the then Province now Commonwealth of Massachusetts levied war
As war between Britain and her colo-       and conspired to levy war against the then Government and People in this Province Colony and State,
nies drew near, the colonial spirit        now Commonwealth and against the then United Provinces now United states, And then and there did adhere to the
took deep root among Connecticut           King of Great Britain and to his fleets and armies, Enemies of the said Commonwealth and state and
residents. This spirit, evidenced in       of the other United States If, and then and there did give them Aid and Comfort, And that the said John
numerous protests and resolutions,         Bush before the said Nineteenth day of April / on the seventeenth day of April and after the arrival of Thomas Gage Esq.
can be said to have culminated on          Late commander in Chief of all his Britannic Majesty
April 19, 1775 with the Lexington
Alarm. Though not organized by             … In North America in Boston the Metropolis of this Commonwealth, did withdraw himself from Shrewsbury his usual place
Connecticut’s governor, the wide-          of habitation, Within this Commonwealth into the said, Boston with an intention to seek and obtain the
spread uprising of Connecticut citi-       protection of the said Thomas Gage of the said forces then and there been under his command and that
zens was far from a example of mob         the Said John Bush Since the said nineteenth day of April viz on the tenth day of June in the year of our Lord seventeen hundred
mentality. Rather, these townspeople       and seventy five, did withdraw himself without the permission of the legislative executive authority of this or any of their said
moved in a surprisingly orderly, yet       United States from the Commonwealth into the said town Boston, Then being a part and place within the limits of the province
spontaneous manner as they re-             now Commonwealth and State of this United States and then in the actual possession,
sponded to Massachusetts’s cry for
aid at the first dawning of the Ameri-     And under the power of the fleets and Armies of the said King, and the said John Bush since the
can Revolution. According to Con-          twentieth The day of said April has never returned into any of the said United States and been received
necticut in the Revolution, sergeant       a Subject thereof, And that said John Bush, by fine of the premises had freely renounced all civil and political
Benjamin Nichols of Mansfield,             relation to each and every of the said United States and had become an Alien, and that the said John Bush
Connecticut, was among those brave         before the said nineteenth day of April viz the said seventeenth day of April was seized and possessed and was entitled to be seized
patriots who left their families and       and possessed and to have hold & demand to his own use and benefit a certain tract of Wood land situate in the said
homes and risked their lives to            Shrewsbury…and another tract of land situate in Lancaster… containing about 146 acres and bounded as follows … Land
struggle for the liberty of the still      of Thomas Read easterly … Southerly on the country road leading from Holden to Berne with Elements to the same belonging
imagined American nation. Choice.          to him and his Heirs forever...
                              $150 - up
                                           And that said John Bush since the nineteenth day of April viz on the nineth day of June and tenth day of June was seized and
                                           possessed and was entitled to be seized and possessed and to Have hold and demand to his own use the above described tract of land
                                           … And the said Levi Lincoln Further alleges that by since the premises and the Law of this Common-
                                           wealth entitled an Act for Confiscating the Estates of certain persons commonly called absentees… to the sole use
                                           benefit and behalf of this Commonwealth…and that they accordingly ought to be in possession thereof…Levi Lincoln.”
       FORAGE RECEIPT
*6                                         As most know, it was Gage who ordered the troops to Lexington and Concord in April 1775. After the Battle
7 ¾” x 2”. Manuscript Document.            of Bunker Hill, he was recalled to England. Absentees having estates, were, with certain exceptions,
“Recd April 28th 1778 of Major             required to return; and it was further resolved that no persons ought to withdraw from the service of the
Purdy Sixty five Dollars for wheat I       Colony, without giving good and sufficient reasons to the Provincial Congress. In the docket on verso it is
have got his obligation for & prom-        noted the case was Discontinued by Orders of the Court. There is a center split and small amount of
ise to Deliver it to him or his order.”    nibbling to right edge.VG Lincoln’s autograph is strong and dark. A very rare item from the heart of the
Signed by James Cock. Irregular            Revolutionary War with verbage rarely encountered.                                            $2,500 - up
margins, fine.               $100 - up



                                                                                   2
                                                                                  the Troops of the Continental ( ) of     to the 1 June.” Signed by John Cobea.
                                                                                  this State of New York for the year      Some light soiling, fine.   $250 - up
                                                                                  1781….for the first eight months of
                                                                                  said year unto Mr. Johnathan Fitch…”
                                                                                  Signed with his mark by Ezekiel Gee.
                                                                                  Light staining to upper left corner,
                                                                                  rough edges. Fine.          $250 - up

                                                                                                                           * 14
                                             A CONTINENTAL ARMY
                                                                                                                           7 ½” x 2”. Manuscript Receipt. “Camp
                                          RECEIPT FOR SUPPLIES AT
                                                                                                                           near Mill Town, Sept. 5, 1777, Re-
                                          FT. MONTGOMERY DATED
                                                                                                                           ceived of James Johnston Pay M. 2nd
                                          EXACTLY ONE YEAR AFTER
                                                                                                                           P.R. Ten pounds two shillings & six
                                              THE SIGNING OF THE
                                                                                  * 11                                     pence in full for pay to the 1 Au-
                                                   DECLARATION
                                                                                  7” x 2 ¼”. February 1781, “Received      gust.” Signed by John Cobea, Lieut.2
                                         *9
                                                                                  of William Brando …. 15 Bushel of        P.R. Very Fine.             $250 - up
                                         MDS. 7 ½” x 5 ¼”. Fort Montgom-
                                                                                  weat for the public…” Small tears at
                                         ery, July 4th, 1777 Receipt signed by
                                                                                  margin, all paper intact. Fine.
                                         Edward Jeffers. “Received from on
                                                                                                              $200 - up
                                         board the Sloop Cambdon – Robt
                                         Castle Commander: one hundred &
                                         Twenty six Barrels of flour for the
                                         use of the Continental army shipped
                                         by Mr. Tappin….to Peeks Kill…” A
 UNCUT PAGE OF FOUR 1786                 receipt for supplying the Fort just
     RHODE ISLAND BILLS                  three months prior to the Naval Battle   * 12
*8                                       of Ft. Montgomery, October 6, 1777.      7 ½” x 3”. Manuscript Receipt. “….we
Uncut 1 shilling , 6 pence, 2 shilling   Tiny paper loss at folds with small      have impressed from Isaac Boyle 15       * 15
6 pence, and 9 pence bills. One page,    split. Very Good.           $300 - up    Bushels of ( ) Corn for the Conti-       7 ¾” x 4 ½”. Manuscript Document.
7 1/8” x 11 1/2”. Newport. 1786. Each
                                                                                  nent which is all that we find he hath   “Mr. Ephraim Herrick Treasurer for
bill numbered 11, 443 and signed by
                                                                                  to spair for which this is his           the Town, Sir please to pay Mr. John
Job Comstock, “Job Comstock,” and
                                                                                  Certiphacal, Nov. 1779”. Signed by       Coit Four Pounds Thirteen Shillings
Samuel Allen, “S. Allen.” According
                                                                                  John Balis and Benjamin Palmer.          /5 in Silver Money out of this Towns
to Newman’s The Early Paper Money
                                                                                                               $250 - up   money it being for money advanced
of America, over 96% of this issue
                                                                                  * 13                                     for one of this towns Soldiers in the
was burned by Rhode Island between
                                                                                  6 ½” x 2 ½”. Manuscript Receipt.         year 1781.” Dated Preston, Feb. 24,
1793 and 1803.               $450 - up
                                                                                  “Camp White Plains, August 13, 1778      1783, Signed by four Preston Town
                                         * 10                                     Received of James Johnston Paymas-       Selectmen authorizing the payment.
                                         6 ½” x 4”. Manuscript document           ter 2nd Regt. of Pennsylvania the sum    X cancellation at right, folds and tape
                                         dated April 22nd 1784. Pay order “To     of Twenty two pounds & seventeen         repair at splits. Very Good. $275 - up
                                         the Treasurers or the paymaster for      shillings & six pence in full of pay


                                                    AN ENGLISH MERCHANT LAMENTS THE BRITISH TAXES ON
                                                  GOODS IMPORTED BY THE COLONIES AS THE REVOLUTION NEARS
                                                   * 16
                                                   “A total repeal of the detested revenue acts taken place which i have reason to fear will be long
                                                   ‘ere tis effected, tho’ the duties on glass, paint & paper are taken off, yet that on tea remains to
                                                   be dispens’d with by the colonies, this is meant to cultivate among you that the power of the
                                                   british parliament must in future supersede that of american assemblies.” Content Rich Autograph
                                                   Letter. One page, 7 ½ X 9. Bristol. April 1770.

                                                   “Tho. Hubbard Esq., Sir, I am honour’d with your favours of the 15 November & 30 December Last.
                                                   Your former covers me Nathaniel Wheatley’s Bill on John Thornton for Thirty pounds which is
                                                   paid & to your Credit. Your Latter gives me an order for 15 Casks nails which I shall ship you when
                                                   a Total repeal of the detested Revenue Acts taken place which I have reason to fear will be Long ‘ere
                                                   tis effected, tho’ the duties on Glass, paint & paper are taken off, Yet that on Tea remains to be
                                                   dispens’d with by the Colonies, by this is meant to Cultivate among you that the Power of the British
                                                   parliament must in future Supersede that of American Assemblies when oppos’d to them. –
                                                   England is at present as a Ship in a Storm & ne’er a Helm, I have only to wish that our Unhappy
                                                   Divisions may Subside & that our Great men may unite in endeavours to heal the disorders of an
                                                   infirm Nation, for such we are at present with offers of my best Service, I am Sir, Your huml. Servt.
                                                   Wm. Jones.” “P.S. N. Wheatley’s Bill for L100 is paid & to your Crdt.”
    Having incurred a large debt during the French and Indian War, the British government instituted a tax on many common products imported by
    their American colonies. Inspiring outrage, boycotts, and riots among the colonists, some of these taxes, opposed not only by the colonists but
    my English merchants as well, were soon repealed in the face of mounting economic pressures. By April of 1770, all that remained was the
    infamous, and history making, tax on tea, a major contributing factor to the fast approaching Revolutionary War.                     $750 - up




                                                                                  3
                                                                                                    A RECEIPT FOR FORAGE
                                                                                                     RATIONS DATED JUST 5
                                                                                                     DAYS BEFORE GEORGE                              TO THE BOARD OF
                                                                                                    WASHINGTON’S FAMOUS                                   WAR OF NH
                                                                                                      SPEECH CONCERNING                                  OUTFITTING
                                                                                                         THE NEW BURGH                                 “JOHN DOLLAR”
                                                                                                               CONSPIRACY                       WITH CLOTHES TO FIGHT
                                                                                                  “Gentlemen, you will permit me to put on           THE REVOLUTION
                                                                                                    my spectacles, for I have not only grown   * 22
                                                                                                  gray but almost blind in the service of my   Document Signed. Exeter, June 4,
                                                                                                                    country.”                  1779, Provision Request to outfit
           FRENCH GENERAL ROCHAMBEAU TO                                                           * 20                                         “John Dollar” a recruit for the 2 nd
                GENERAL WASHINGTON                                                                MDS. 8” x 4 ½”. A receipt for for-           NH Battalion and apply for
    * 17                                                                                          age rations. New Burgh, March 10,            “Cloathing, please to supply him he
    [AMERICAN                REVOLUTION]                    JEAN          BAPTISTE                1783.       “Received of Timothy             to be accountable…” by Capt. Caleb
    DONATIEN de VIMEUR, COMTE de ROCHAMBEAU.(1725-                                                Pickering QMG & D. Wolfe One                 Robinson. On verso John Dollar
    1807). French general who assisted the American revolutionaries in                            hundred and twenty five dollars and          signs with his mark he received “One
    defeating the British at Yorktown.                                                            Sixty nine ninetieths in full for for-       Coat, two pair shoes, two pair stock-
    Autograph Letter. N.d.n.p.. One page. 6" x 8". Unsigned, retained                             age rations not drawn from the first         ings.” Tipped in at edges to conser-
    copy, apparently after he had arrived to fight in the American cause                          January 1782 to the first Instant….”         vator standards. Dampstained, VG
    of the Revolution:                                                                            Signed D. Brooks [Assistant Cloth-                                       $350 - up
    “I received the letter which you were pleased to honor me with from Richmond, at              ier General].
    the moment when I was about to inform you of my arrival in your Government-                   Unpaid and irate, some senior of-
    The troops under my command are filled with the utmost Zeal &                                 ficers of the Continental Army
    the most ardent desire to contribute to the Glory & success of the                            hatched a plan to overthrow the
    American Arms- Our ardor is augmented from the consideration                                  American government during the
    that whatever services we may have the happiness of rendering                                 spring of 1783. Receiving word of
    the American cause will be agreeable to his most Christian Maj-                               this conspiracy from Hamilton,
    esty Our Master, who entertains the greatest Affection, and the                               General George Washington quickly
    sincerest regard for the people of America.                                                   responded by calling for a meeting
    Be pleased Sir to accept my Assurances of the desire I have of cultivating your               of his officers on March 15 at the
    Friendship, which I earnestly solicit, and be convinced of these sentiments of respect        army’s headquarters at Newburgh.
    with which I am, Your Excellency’s Most Obedt. & hble Serv.”                                  While giving a short speech to the
    In early July 1781, Rochambeau led his 5,500 soldiers to join General                         assembled men about the precari-
    Washington’s forces at White Plains, New York. Washington and                                 ous financial situation of the na-
    Rochambeau led a combined force of about 10,000 south to                                      tion, Washington took from his
                                                                                                  pocket a pair of reading glasses,                  JONATHAN HOPKINS
    Yorktown, Virginia, where they joined other Continental forces and
                                                                                                  which few of his fellow officers                      RECEIVES HIS PAY
    the French troops led by Lafayette. The force of allies attacked
                                                                                                  had even seen him wear. Driving                      IN NEW MONEY FOR
    Yorktown on September 28th, and on October 19, 1781, Lord
                                                                                                  home the sacrifices that their leader          SERVING AS COMMISSARY
    Cornwallis surrendered and the Revolutionary War was, in effect,                                                                              GENERAL OF PRISONERS
                                                                                                  had made for the nation, the as-
    over. One pinhole, else Fine.                                           $2,000 - up                                                             DURING THE REV WAR
                                                                                                  sembled officers, many of whom
                                                                                                  had been moved to tears by their             * 23
                                                                                                  commander’s words and actions, re-           Document Signed. “Jno. Hopkins”
                                                                                                  affirmed their loyalty to the Ameri-         Boston, December 5th 1782. As “In-
                                                ment. X cancellation at right, small             can nation enmass, bringing about             tendant” of Prisoners during the
                                                paper loss at top left margin, Fine.             an end to the short-lived Newburg             Revolutionary War, Jon Hopkins
                                                                            $200 - up            conspiracy.                       $300 - up   “…certifies all whom it may concern that I
                                                                                                                                               John Hopkins deputy Commissary general
                                                                                                                                               of Prisoners in the State of Massachusetts,
                                                                                                                                               did on the 14th day of December 1780
 PAY ORDER FOR SUPPLIES                                    RECEIPT FOR                                                                         receive from Nathaniel Appleton Esq. Com-
* 18                                                       AMMUNITION                                                                          missioner of Loans in said State, One thou-
7 ¾” x 2 ½”. “To Mr. Ephraim                    * 19                                                                                           sand Dollars of the new Emission so called,
Herrick Treasurer for the Town pay              4” x 2 ½”. Mount Independence                                                                  which money I received for the use of the
to Oliver Crary Esq. Three pounds               June 19, 1777. “Received of Jabez                                                              United States in my department, and was
Twelve Shillings and Three pence in             Cotton QM thirty six cartridges and                                                            paid unto me by said Appleton upon the
hard Money out of this Town money               six Flints for the use of my com-                                                              recommendation & request of the general
it Being for pork delivered to                  pany.” Signed Eley Parker, Capt. Fine.                                                         court of this Commonwealth by their com-
                                                                                                       LIST OF SUPPLIES
Dunnada a Soldier.” Dated in Preston                                        $250 - up                                                          mittee, and I have carryed (sic) the same to
                                                                                                 * 21
January 19, 1781, Signed by the Select                                                                                                         the credit of the United States to whom I
                                                                                                 7 1/8” x 6”. August 10, 1779 - Oct. 20,
Men of Preston authorizing the pay-                                                                                                            am accountable.” Docketed on verso.
                                                                                                 1779. Connecticut list of suppliesBill
                                                                                                                                               Fine.                             $500 - up
                                                                                                 of Sickness New York        $250 - up

                                                                                             4
                                                  PRESIDENTS AND FIRST LADIES

                                         THE TRAGIC STORY OF JAMES BUCHANAN’S BACHELORHOOD

                                                                                     * 25
                                                                                     [Americana] Autograph Letter Signed. Six pages, 8” x 10”. “Wash-
                                                                                     ington.” February 9, 1846. Addressed on integral leaf to “Miss
                                                                                     Mary Gilman, Wells, Maine.” With WASHINGTON CITY and
                                                                                     10 postal cancellations. The letter reads, in part:
* 24
                                                                                   “… I will tell you his romantic history...he boarded in a house
Bristol, April 1770.“Tho. Hubbard
                                                                                   of a very wealthy widow lady who had one daughter. As a
Esq., Sir, I am honour’d with your
                                                                                   matter of course the young people fell in love and the mother
favours of the 15 November & 30
                                                                                   opposed. She finally taunted her [daughter] with mercenary
December Last. Your former covers
                                                                                   motives. When his high sprit would not break and again ex-
me Nathaniel Wheatley’s Bill on John
                                                                                   changing promises with his lady love he left her saying that he
Thornton for Thirty pounds which
                                                                                   would never return till he could support her in eminence as a
is paid & to your Credit. Your Latter
                                                                                   lawyer and after ... I suppose several years returned to claim his
gives me an order for 15 Casks nails
                                                                                   bride to whom he had constantly written, though his letters had
which I shall ship you when a Total
                                                                                   not been answered. Just before reaching the village he fell and
repeal of the detested Revenue Acts
                                                                                   broke his arm and the physician who set it forbid him to go out
taken place which I have reason to
                                                                                   that night, [so] with his left hand he wrote her a note saying that
fear will be Long ‘ere tis effected,
                                                                                   he would call the next morning. He did so, but was received so
tho’ the duties on Glass, paint & pa-
                                                                                   coldly by mother and daughter that he soon took his leave. On
per are taken off, Yet that on Tea
                                                                                   his way to the inn he met an acquaintance who told him that the
remains to be dispens’d with by the
                                         lady had become engaged to another gentleman and was only waiting for a favorable opportunity to break
Colonies, by this is meant to Culti-
                                         her engagement ... He immediately wrote releasing her from all her promises. Upon receiving the note she
vate among you that the Power of
                                         told her mother she could never marry anyone. She then asked her servant if she would accompany her
the British parliament must in fu-
                                         wherever she wished to go. Late in the evening they arrived at the house of an uncle. She complained of
ture Supersede that of American As-
                                         a pain in the stomach. She said nothing but a laudanum poultice would cure. She went to her room with
semblies when oppos’d to them. –
                                         the vial of laudanum. She did not come down to breakfast, but they of course did not think it strange. As
England is at present as a Ship in a
                                         it grew late they went to her room to find the door locked. [They] forced it and she was a corpse. When
Storm & ne’er a Helm, I have only to
                                         the mother saw the lifeless form of her child she was filled with remorse, and sending for Mr. Buchanan,
wish that our Unhappy Divisions may
                                         over her remains, confessed that she had intercepted all his letters and persuaded this individual to tell
Subside & that our Great men may
                                         him the story of the engagement. He heard that story and remained a bachelor ...” Fine             $750 - up
unite in endeavours to heal the dis-
orders of an infirm Nation, for such
we are at present with offers of my
best Service, I am Sir, Your huml.
Servt. Wm. Jones.” “P.S. N. Wheatley’s
Bill for L100 is paid & to your Crdt.”
                            $750 - up




                                                     BARBARA BUSH ON THE BIGGEST CHALLENGE OF HER
                                                           HUSBAND’S PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGN:

                                                    “MAINTAINING MY SERENITY IN THE FACE OF UNTRUE
                                                      OR NEGATIVE COMMENTS ABOUT GEORGE BUSH.”
                                         * 26
                                         BABARA BUSH (b.1925). First Lady of the United States. Typed Letter Signed, “Barbara Bush,” as First
                                         Lady, on her personal stationary. One page, 6 3/8” x 8 1/2”. Washington D.C. September 30, 1988. To “Dear Mr.
                                         Benson.” With a handwritten twelve word postscript. Bush writes:
                                         “Dear Mr. Benson, You asked what I considered the biggest challenge of the campaign. I would have to
                                         reply that, although there are many, one of the biggest is maintaining my serenity in the face of untrue or
                                         negative comments about George Bush. Thank you for you support and encouragement and all good
                                         wishes, Warmly, Barbara Bush” She has added a postscript “Thanks for your letter. There are lots of
                                         great things about campaigning!!” Excellent.                                                        $250 - up




                                                                          5
                                          Autograph letter Signed, “Frank                   glad Mr. Sherman is becoming rec-
                                          Cleveland,” on Executive Mansion,                 onciled. Fathers haven’t so much pa-
                                          Washington stationary. Two pages, 3               tience as mothers and it isn’t to be
                                          ¾” x 6”. Washington, D.C. June 9,                 expected. They seem to expect their
                                          1886. Accompanied by original Ex-                 children to be perfect. We wouldn’t
                                          ecutive Mansion envelope addressed                any of us be here if we had reached
                                          to “Mrs. H.W. Box.” With “Washing-                that stage in our development. Each
                                          ton” and “Buffalo” postal cancella-               of us has to learn by different meth-
                                          tions. Cleveland writes:                          ods and all of us get our fingers
                                          “My dear Mrs. Box, We want to thank               burned before we know the fire is                    GRACE COOLIDGE
                                          you so much for the beautiful gift                hot. I am happy if I am of any help to         DIVULGES HER THEORY
* 27                                      which we found from you on our                    you but I assure you I long to be. I              ON THE LINDBERGH
ROSALYNN CARTER. (b. 1927).               return from Deer Park. You were                   had a sweet note from Lilian telling                       KIDNAPPING
Typed Letter Signed, “Rosalynn            very kind to remember us on this                  me she enjoyed being here, that day,         * 30
Carter,” on her name-imprinted let-       happy occasion. With love and best                and seeing the President. “I like him”,     [FIRST LADIES]                       GRACE
terhead accented by a blind-em-           wishes— Most cordially Frank Cleve-               she wrote—bless her! She is a lovely        COOLIDGE (1879-1957) First Lady.
bossed eagle and four gold stars. One     land”                                             girl. That “scrumptious” outfit for         Wife of Calvin Coolidge. Superb
page, 7 ¼” x 10 ½”. Atlanta. May 22,      Despite the best efforts of the                   the gowns came yesterday. How at-           Typed Letter Signed, on her im-
1990. Accompanied by original The         Clevelands, Frances Folsom Cleve-                 tractive the whole thing is! Always         printed The Beeches stationery. 3 full
Carter Presidential Center envelope       land became an instant celebrity when             thinking of your friends when you           separate pages, quarto. Northampton,
addressed to “Mr. Philip H. Jones         news of her engagement reached the                see something nice—every day                Mass., n.d. To her old Boston friend,
President THE MANUSCRIPT SO-              press. Affectionately known as                    seems to be Christmas with you. I           Mollie K [Mrs. Edwin A. Shuman].
CIETY Jones Tree Farm 272 Israel          “Frank” by her friends, the youthful              wore the black taffeta at the Diplo-        Mrs. Coolidge writes:
Hill Road Shelton, Connecticut            Francis Cleveland would received                  matic dinner, last night, and it was        “When I returned home from an afternoon
06484.” With ATLANTA and printed          thousands of fan letters, inspire fash-           generally approved. To my surprise,         of frivolity at the movies (Marie Dressler in
“Jimmy Carter” postal cancellations.      ion imitators, and prompt periodi-                the President liked it. Ninety-two of       Emma), I found the little rose-tinted jar of
Carter writes:                            cals to report and illustrate her every           us sat down. Salvi played the harp          the joy of life, your gold-dust. At once, I lifted
“Dear Phil, Thank you very much           move during her time as First Lady.               for us and his music was just what I        the cover, peeped and smelled - magic, indeed!
for the copy of the First Lady chap-                                    $200 - up           expect to hear in learn if my feeble        I felt the lines smoothing, the muscles lifting,
ter you wrote for AUTOGRAPH                                                                 struggling ever brings me there. He         just from the whiff and the glimpse, and I
COLLECTOR’S CHECKLIST. I am                                                                 played for me once before and he            knew that forever after I held the gift of
pleased to have it an appreciate your                                                       told Miss Randolph he didn’t come           beauty in my hand. You know I believe that
thoughtfulness. With my best wishes,                                                        because it was the White House but          more than half the merit in all these aids to
Sincerely, Rosalynn Carter.” Very                                                           because he wanted to play for me            beauty lies within the mind of the seeker.”
fine.                       $100 - up                                                       and he would come anywhere I was
                                                                                            to play for me. Wasn’t he nice to say       After considerable more comment
                                                                                            that? I must go now and get myself          about Elizabeth Arden’s beauty aids,
                                                                                            dressed up to receive the Spanish           Mrs. Coolidge turns to the headline
                                                                                            Ambassador and the Infanta Beatrice         events of the day, the kidnapping of
                                                                                            and her son Prince Alvaro. His fa-          the Lindbergh baby:
                                                                                            ther is first cousin to the King and        “I can think only of the Lindbergh
                                                                                            he might, someday, be King himself.         baby and his parents. It all seems
                                                                                            He is popular in Spain. My love to          so preposterous, as though it could
                                                                                            you, dear Mollie K—and my thanks.           not have happened. I have a feeling
                                                                                            Sincerely Grace C.”                         that someone on the inside must
                                                                                                                                        have helped. I keep turning in on
                                                                                            Grace Coolidge was proved wrong             the radio to see if there is any an-
                                                                                            in her predictions for the future of        nouncement concerning the child.
                                                                                            the Spanish monarchy during the tu-         Mrs. Morrow and Constance were here two
                                                 GRACE COOLIDGE
                                                                                            multuous 1930s, which proved a truly        weeks ago and she said that the Lindberghs
                                                    PREPARES TO
                                                                                            unhappy time for the Spanish ruling         were staying with her at Englewood until
                                           “RECEIVE … THE INFANTA
                                                                                            class. Due to the collapse of the mon-      April or May but it seems, from the papers,
                                            BEATRICE AND HER SON
                                                                                            archy and the subsequent Spanish            that they usually went to their place for
                                                  PRINCE ALVARO”
                                                                                            Civil War of that decade, the family        weekends. If there were only something one
                                            JUST YEARS BEFORE THE
                                                                                            fell on relatively difficult times. Flee-   could do! How can anybody be so
                                              FALL OF THE SPANISH
                                                                                            ing to Italy following the establish-       cruel?..”
                                                     MONARCHY
                                                                                            ment of the Second Spanish Repub-
                                          * 29                                                                                           Turning to her personal life, she
                                                                                            lic in 1931, the family watched help-
                                          GRACE COOLIDGE. (1879-1957).                                                                  writes: “… Mr. Coolidge goes to New
                                                                                            lessly as the political situation in
                                          First Lady of the United States. Au-                                                          York, next week, to spend a day and night
                                                                                            Spain worsened over the subsequent
 MRS. GROVER CLEVELAND,                   tograph Letter Signed, “Grace C,” on                                                          with the children…I am keeping hands off
                                                                                            years. With various groups wrestling
   THE YOUNGEST FIRST                     gold-embossed The White House,                                                                on the building project for I want Mr. Coolidge
                                                                                            for control of the country, the na-
 LADY IN HISTORY, OFFERS                  Washington stationary bearing the                                                             to have it just as he wants. (Not that he
                                                                                            tion erupted into an all out Civil war,
  THANKS FOR A “BEAUTI-                   Seal of State. Five pages, 4 3/8” x 6 7/8”.                                                   wouldn’t, anyhow). He enjoys life up there
                                                                                            a national conflict between Fascists
 FUL” WEDDING PRESENT                     Washington, D.C. November 23, 1928.                                                           more than anywhere else and is much better
                                                                                            and Communists that laid the foun-
  JUST SEVEN DAYS AFTER                   To “Dear Molly K.” Coolidge writes:                                                           because he is out of doors “ Truly, a most
                                                                                            dations for World War Two.
        HER MARRIAGE                      “Dear Molly K— I had your letter                                                              revealing letter! Choice.          $500 - up
                                                                                                                           $150 - up
* 28                                      yesterday and am intensely interested
FRANCIS CLEVELAND. (1864-                 in all you wrote. I am glad every-
1947). First Lady of the United States.   thing is coming along so well. I am



                                                                                        6
      GRACE COOLIDGE
   REMEMBERS HER LATE
     HUSBAND AND SON
* 31
8” x 5 ½”. Envelope Signed, “Grace
Coolidge.” Accompanied by her
poem “The Open Door,” written
on the fifth anniversary of the death
of her son, Calvin Coolidge, Jr., and                                                                                      * 35
a typed description of the Coolidge                                                                                        MAMIE                     DOUD
family gravesite accomplished in                                                                                           EISENHOWER (1895-1979). First
                                              RECALLING THE NIGHT HER HUSBAND TOOK THE
memory of her husband. $150 - up                                                                                           Lady of the United States. Heart-
                                                                     OATH OF OFFICE
                                              * 33                                                                         warming, Official White House
                                              GRACE COOLIDGE. (1879-1957). First Lady. Typed Statement                     Photograph of Eisenhower with her
                                              Signed, “Grace Coolidge.” One page, 8” x 10 ½”. No place. No date.           infant granddaughter Inscribed,
                                              The document reads:                                                          “For Delores Moaney from Mary
                                              “President Coolidge took the oath of office at Plymouth, Vermont,            Jean Eisenhower and her Grand
                                              at 2:47A.M., August 3, 1923. It was administered by his father, Colo-        Mother Mamie Doud Eisenhower.”
                                              nel John C. Coolidge. The following witnessed the taking of the              8” x 10”. Minor wear at edges, else
                                              oath: The President’s wife, Mrs. Grace Coolidge / Congressman                fine.                    $250 - up
                                              Porter H Dale, 2nd Vt. District. Island Pond, Vt. / L.L. Lane, Press.
                                              Railway Mail Ass’n of New England. / Joseph H. Fountain, Editor
                                              Springfield Reporter / Erwin C. Geisser, / Joseph M. Mcinerney
                                              Grace Coolidge.”
                                              When President Harding died unexpectedly during a speaking tour
                                              in California on August 2, 1923, Vice President Calvin Coolidge’s
                                              father, a notary public, hurriedly administered the oath of office in
                                              the parlor of the Coolidges’ Vermont home as noted in our docu-
                                              ment. A truly unique piece for a collector of Presidential history or
                                              First Ladies!                                               $750 - up




                                                                                  One page, 7 1/8” x 10 1/4”.
                                                                                  Gettysburg. October 16, 1964. Ac-
                                                                                  companied by an envelope addressed         “OUR OLD FRIEND GENERAL
           FIRST LADY                                                             to “ Mrs. Richard T. Ellis 6200 Or-                     GRANT
       GRACE COOLIDGE                                                             egon Avenue, N.W. Washington, D.C.”        …APPROACHING THE TERMS
       AUTOGRAPHS THE                                                             With circular GETTYSBURG PA                     OF HIS EXISTENCE”
    GETTYSBURG ADDRESS                                                            postal cancellation and Dwight D.        * 36
       WITH FREE FRANK                                                            Eisenhower stamp. Eisenhower             [U.S. GRANT] WILLIAM FREE-
* 32                                                                              writes:                                  MAN VILAS (1840-1908) U.S. Post-
GRACE COOLIDGE (1879-1957)                                                        “Dear Elise: Mamie and I were talk-      master General between 1885 and
First Lady of the United States from                                              ing about you on my birthday. She        1888, Secretary of the Interior from
1923 to 1929; wife of Calvin Coolidge.                                            told me that you had at last succeeded   1888 to 1889, Senator for the state of
Illustrated one page sheet with im-                                               in obtaining an apartment in Distaff     Wisconsin from 1891 to 1897.In the
mortal words of Abraham Lincoln                                                   Hall; so it was something of a coinci-   Civil war he was a captain in the Wis-
printed above his picture. In pen                                                 dence that when I got to my desk         consin Volunteer Infantry, and later a
First Lady Coolidge has inscribed                                                 that morning I found your card in        lieutenant colonel.
“Autographed at Plymouth, Vermont, Au-                                            from of me. Thank you very much          Typed Letter Signed on Office of
gust 31, 1934, Grace Coolidge.” Accom-                                            for remembering my birthday. As I        the Postmaster General letterhead,
panied by illustrated envelope, free                                              heard a comedian on television say       Washington, D.C., March 19, 1885. 1
                                           DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER
franked by Coolidge and entirely in                                               the other evening, “I am getting no      page, 5”x 8”. To General W.R. Rowley:
                                          * 34
her hand addressed to John E. Boos,                                               younger,” and the other shot back,       “… Our old friend the General
                                          (1890-1969). Supreme Commander of
Albany, N.Y.                  $150 - up                                           “Who is!” So I guess it is no use to     (Grant) seems to be having great
                                          Allied Forces in Europe during
                                                                                  try to deny that I have now entered      pains and distress in approaching
                                          World War Two and Thirty-fourth
                                                                                  my seventy-fifth year. With affection-   the term of his existence, but I have
                                          President of the United States. Typed
                                                                                  ate regard, Sincerely, Ike E.”           a special pleasure in feeling that at
                                          Letter Signed, “Ike E,” on his DDE
                                                                                                               $300 - up   last he has some alleviation in the
                                          Gettysburg, Pennsylvania stationery.


                                                                                  7
                                                had sent him an autographed copy                                                             for my little pet Nellie. Tell Nell when
expression of the nation’s gratitude
                                                of his book “Eat to Live Longer.” In                                                         she winds it up to draw out the little
and favor by the action of Con-
                                                a landslide election the previous                                                            peg and the rabbit will move up and
gress. I had a kind note from Col. Fred. A
                                                month, Harding had just become the                                                           down. These little things are the
private letter here to-day from Gen. Beale
                                                29th President.            $400 - up                                                         meanest trifles and are only intended
says the General’s condition is very unfortu-
                                                                                                                                             to show you I did not forget you. I
nate…” With hand written correc-
                                                                                                                                             am alone. Mrs. Dent went yesterday
tion inserting Grant’s name. U.S.
                                                                                                                                             to lunch at Mrs. Crant with Bettie
Grant died on July 23, 1885, shortly
                                                                                                                                             where I pay their board. Mrs. D was
after finishing his autobiography.
                                                                                                                                             getting so blue that I am glad she had
This classic book helped to pay his
                                                                                             * 40                                            to go. The boys are still idle.
massive debts. Choice.            $250 - up
                                                                                             JULIA DENT GRANT (1826 -                        Ulysses and Fannie are well as are
                                                                                             1902) First Lady, wife of U.S. Grant.           their family. My house is in utter
                                                                                             3 E 66th New York, October 23rd 89              confusion just now, long exposed
                                                                                             Dear Lizzie you see I have returned             so you must not expect a long letter
                                                                                             and such a lovely trip I had too—our            from me. Kisses and love for Jesse
                                                * 39
                                                                                             porthole was open the whole way                 and the children. I am lovingly yours
                                                JULIA DENT GRANT (1826 -
                                                                                             over. Altogether I have a lovely sum-           Julia D. Grant. Written on black bor-
                                                1902) First Lady, wife of U.S. Grant.
                                                                                             mer. ... I send an out—— dish for               dered mourning stationery. Fine.
                                                May 21st 90
                                                                                             the boy and watch dog and a rabbit                                             $400 - up
                                                My dear little pet have you been sick?
                                                Mama ma would love to come and
                                                kiss her dear little girlie. What have
                                                you been doing to make you feel so
                                                ill. You must keep very quiet and do
                                                not exert yourself or laugh hard you
WARREN HARDING TLS TO                           must only smile. You must not take
    THE AUTHOR OF                               any long walks or over fatigue your-
 “EAT TO LIVE LONGER:”                          self in any way. I know what that
                                                fever is. Your Papa had it when he
   “I HAVE LONG BEEN OF                         was about 9 nine years old and I was
  THE CONVICTION THAT                           afraid he never would get well. Well
     WE LIVE VERY MUCH                          Julia Dent has a bum leg she ran and
           AS WE EAT”                           walked too far; She is better today I
* 37                                            went over to see her. What would
Typed Letter Signed “War ren                    you like me to send you my pretty
Harding.”as President Elect. Decem-             send word . Your loving Mama ma.
ber 17, 1920 1 page. 6” x 6” on United          J.D.G. Written on black bordered
States Senate stationary (clipped) to           mourning stationery. Fine. $400 - up
William H. Porter of New York who

                                                                                                  FILLMORE AUTHORIZES A LETTER TO NAPOLEON
                                                                                                    III JUST AFTER THE LATTER HAD PROCLAIMED
                                                                                                                            HIMSELF EMPEROR
                                                                                                 * 41
                                                                                                 MILLARD FILLMORE (1800-1874) Thirteenth President of the
                                                                                                 United States who succeeded to the presidency upon the death of
                                                                                                 Taylor. Important partly-printed D.S. as President, 1p. 4to., Washington, Feb.
                                                                                                 16, 1852, an order to the Secretary of State to affix the Seal to: “...the envelope
                                                                                                 of a letter addressed to the President of France , in answer to one just received from
                                                                                                 His Excellency, relative to the causes which induced him to adopt measures to
                                                                                                 change the form of Government in that country...” The President of France
                                                                                                 at this time Fillmore is addressing Louis Napoleon, who, by a mas-
                 ENVELOPE FREE FRANKED BY
                                                                                                 terly coup d’etat, had just proclaimed himself Emperor. The well-
                    LUCRETIA GARFIELD,
                                                                                                 planned coup took place Dec. 2, 185 whereby, Napoléon III, as he
             WIDOW OF PRESIDENT JAMES GARFIELD
                                                                                                 was now proclaimed, had the legislative assembly dissolved and its
    * 38
                                                                                                 meeting place occupied by the army, and a plebiscite authorizing
    LUCRETIA GARFIELD. (1832-1918). First Lady of the United
                                                                                                 the revision of the constitution was announced. An attempted up-
    States. Envelope Signed, “Lucretia R. Garfield, free.” 8 1/4 X 3 5/8
                                                                                                 rising was brutally repressed. The new constitution was formed in
    With SOUTH PASADENA and Oval, striped “1” postal cancella-
                                                                                                 January of 1852 and gave the president dictatorial powers and cre-
    tions.
                                                                                                 ated a council of state, a senate, and a legislative assembly subservi-
                                                                                                 ent to the president. This important document addresses formal
    Following the tragic assassination of her husband, President James
                                                                                                 response given to the Emperor, who had sent a letter on why he
    Garfield, Lucretia Garfield devoted herself to preserving the records
                                                                                                 “changed the form of government.” No doubt Fillmore was alarmed,
    of her husband’s career, establishing a wing in her home that be-
                                                                                                 seeing the return of a dictator to France. Louis Napoléon III would
    came a presidential library of his papers. Following her death in
                                                                                                 continue at the head of government until the end of the disastrous
    Pasadena, California in 1918, her casket was placed above ground
                                                                                                 Franco-Prussian War. Two bits of tape at right margin else very
    beside the coffin of her husband in the lower level crypt of the
                                                                                                 good, sun fading where it had been matted and framed, else Fine.
    presidential tomb at in Cleveland, Ohio.                    $300 - up
                                                                                                                                                                       $1,500 - up


                                                                                         8
                                          both sides completed in full.                                                         unable to undertake additional com-
                                          To President Elect William Henry                                                      mitments. I appreciate, nevertheless,
                                          Harrison (whose cabinet he would                                                      your thoughtful suggestion. Yours
                                          soon join as U.S. secretary of the trea-                                              faithfully, Herbert Hoover.”
                                          sury).        Historic         content:                                                                          $150 - up
                                          ”I would be glad to know at what time you
                                          wish me to meet you at Washington &
                                          whether you have any commands for me in
                                          the mean time.” Refers to entering
                                          Harrison’s cabinet. Does not want
                                          Garner as an assistant but wants
                                          Whittlesey as his assistant (which is
                                          what the letter to Whittesley relates).
                                          A wonderful William Henry
                                          Harrison association item relating to
                                          his 1 month presidential career. Fine
                                                                        $250 - up

                                                                                            HERBERT HOOVER
                                                                                      * 45
                                                                                       (1874-1964). Thirty-First President of
                                                                                      the United States. Typed Letter
                                                                                      Signed, “Herbert Hoover,” on his
                                                                                      name-imprinted stationery. One page,
                                                                                      7 1/4” x 10 1/2”. “The Waldorf
                                                                                      Astoria Towers, New York 22, New            MARY LOUISE HARRISON
                                                                                      York.” March 19, 1955. To “Mr. Harry       ON HER FATHER, RUSSELL
      FLORENCE KLING                                                                  D. Kempler, Senior Representative                FARNHAM LORD,
     HARDING – 2 ITEMS                                                                Student Council New York Univer-           CHIEF ENGINEER OF THE
* 42                                                                                  sity University Heights. Mew York             DELAWARE & HUDSON
[FIRST LADIES] FLORENCE                   * 44                                        53, N.Y.” Hoover writes:                                CANAL
MABEL KLING HARDING                       BENJAMIN HARRISON. (1833-                   “My dear Mr. Kempler: I have your         * 46
(1860-1924) First Lady, wife of War-      1901). President of the United States.      kind letter of the 14th and I want to     MARY HARRISON. (1858-1948).
ren G. Harding. Two Harding items:        Autograph Document Singed. Three            thank you for that cordial invitation.    First Lady of the United States. Au-
Typed letter Signed as First Lady “Flo-   pages, 7 3/4" x 12 3/4". State of Indiana   It is with regret that I must decline,    tograph Letter Signed, “Mary Lord
rence Kling Harding” on White House       Marion County. Spring Term 1858.            but I am devoting all of my time to       Harrison,” on her personal station-
Stationary, May 23, 1923 delivering       A lengthy autograph legal document          the overwhelming tasks of govern-         ary. Four pages, 6” x 6 7/8”. New York
condolences and a comment she is          signed “Wallace & Harrison” three           ment reorganization and am thus           City. November 2, 1941. To “Mr. John
sending flowers to an ill Mrs. Day at     times. The future President and Civil
the hospital. Mrs. Harding herself        War hero writes:
would pass away the following year.       “Margaret Leabold Plaintiff com-
Also: White House invitation card         plains      of    Emanuel         Haugh
with Gold Eagle atop to dinner on         Defendant...Feby 1856 one William
the 15 th of December with “The           Leabold, the husband of said plain-
President and Mrs. Harding.” A nice       tiffs departed this life intestate;
lot in Fine condition.       $100 - up    that...one Henry Ohr was duly ap-
                                          pointed and qualified as Administra-
                                          tor of the Estate of the said intestate,
                                          and took upon himself the burden
                                          at the January Term of the Court of
                                          Com. Pleas said Administrator was
                                          ordered to transfer to Plaintiff as the
                                          widow of the said intestate the whole
                                          estate not administered, & appearing                         FIRST LADY ANNA HARRISON
                                          to the Court that said Estate was not                   WIFE OF OUR SHORT-LIVED PRESIDENT
                                          worth          Three           Hundred                       WILLIAM HENRY HARRISON
    TREASURY SECRETARY                    Dollars...Plaintiff further complain-           * 47
      EWING TO WILLIAM                    ing says that said defendant is in-             [FIRST LADIES] ANNA HARRISON (1775-1864). First Lady
       HENRY HARRISON                     debted to her in the sum of Two                 (1841) as wife of President William Henry Harrison. She never saw
* 43                                      Hundred Dollars for personal prop-              the White House, as her husband died only 31 days after taking
[WILLIAM                    HENRY         erty by the said William Leabold in             office. She had remained in Ohio to pack in preparation for the
HARRISON]. THOMAS EWING                   his life time sold to defendant... “.           move.
(1789-1871). American statesman; U.S.     One Harrison signature is crossed               Free Frank “Free / Anna Harrison” with address entirely in her
secretary of the treasury (1841); U.S.    out. The document is folded in quar-            hand to Mrs. Phebe R., Reeve Mattibeck, Long Island, N.Y. Address
secretary of the interior 1849-l850).     ters and there is a toning band along           leaf only with Cleveland Ohio straight line red post-mark. In pencil
Draft Autograph Letter Signed,            one fold. The central fold has a four           inside it is noted: “North Bend, Sept 8, 1843” dating this rare ex-
Lancaster, Ohio, December 18, 1840        inch separation and the condition is            ample from the First Lady not long after her husband’s sudden
(written on another draft A.L.S. this     very good.                     $275 - up        death.                                                   $1,200 - up
one dated December 31, 1840 to
Elisha Whittlesey) both 1 page 4to.,


                                                                                      9
E. Burr.” Harrison writes:
“My dear Mr. Burr …Did you know
that my father—Russell Farnham
Lord was manager and inquirer in
charge of the building and engi-                                              JACQUELINE KENNEDY’S “TO DO” LIST
neering of the Delaware and
                                                                              * 50
Hudson Canal from 1830-1863 when
he retired in accord of ill health                                            [FIRST LADIES] JACQUELINE KENNEDY (1929-1994) Im-
and whose advice was of great value                                           mensely popular First Lady, wife of John F. Kennedy.
to the company so considered by
them and their engineers…”                                                    Autograph Note on “Mrs. John F. Kennedy” letterhead. N.d. The First
                           $100 - up                                          Lady pens a “to do” list for herself: “1) Envelope to Nancy & pick up books
                                                                              for appointment. Pick me up Alexander’s, Errands / Kenneth’s 1 p.m. / while I am
                                                                              there a) pick up at St. Regi’s desk and envelope for me from VALENTINO b) Pick
                                                                              up a package at Porthault take elevator to 3rd floor in Baccarat building – ask for
                                                                              Simon. / Pick me up 2:30 – Kenneths – If Nancy has any errands to be delivered
                                                                              – Please do them this afternoon.”
                                                                              Nancy, likely was Nancy Tuckerman, her longtime friend and social
                                                                              secretary. An early example and curious slice of a day in the life of the
                                                                              woman who became one of America’s most beloved First Ladies. A
                                                                              coffee cup stain, perhaps from Mrs. Kennedy herself, marks the bottom
                                                                              of the page, else Fine.                                      $1,500 - up




    LYNDON B. JOHNSON
* 48
(1908-1973). Thirty-Sixth President
of the United States. Typed Letter
Signed, “Lyndon B. Johnson,” on
his United States Senate Office of
the Democratic Leader Washington,
D.C. letterhead. One page, 7 7/8” x
10 1/2”. Washington, D.C. August
29, 1957. To “Mr. George H. Goldey
P.O. Box 577 Canton, Texas.”
Johnson writes:

“Dear Friends: Thank you for your
letter. I am endeavoring to obtain
the information you requested, and
as soon as I have something to re-
port, I shall be in touch with you
again. With best wishes, I am Sin-             LOT OF SIX PHOTOGRAPHS AND A LETTER RELATED TO JACQUELINE
cerely, Lyndon B. Johnson.”                   KENNEDY’S 1963 VISIT TO ISTANBUL ABOARD ARISTOTLE ONASSIS’ YACHT
                          $500 - up      * 51
                                         JACQUELINE KENNEDY. (1929-1994). First Lady of the United States. Typed Letter Signed, “Jacqueline
* 49                                     Kennedy,” on The White House Washington letterhead. One page, 6 1/8” x 9 1/4”. No place. October 23, 1963.
LYNDON B. JOHNSON (1908-                 Accompanied by original The White House Washington envelope addressed to “The Honorable Benjamin
1973). President of the United States.   Hill Brown, Jr. Consul General Istanbul Turkey.” With fifteen-cent stamp and WASHINGTON D.C. postal
Typed Letter Signed, “Lyndon B.          cancellation. Also accompanied by six black and white photographs of Kennedy during her visit to Istanbul
Johnson,” on his United States Sen-      and a printed black-bordered mourning card with original “Jacqueline Kennedy” envelope. Kennedy
ate, Office of the Democratic            writes:
Leader, Washington, D.C stationery.
One page, 6” x 7”. Washington, D.C.      “Dear Mr. Brown, I wish to express my deep appreciation to you and your staff for you cooperation and
March 27, 1959. to “Mr. George           assistance when I arrived in Istanbul. I can imagine how many details must have confronted you in
Goldey.” Johnson writes:                 preparation for our arrival and that it was due to your careful planning that our visit went so smoothly. With
My dear Friend: I have just read the     all best wishes, Sincerely, Jacqueline Kennedy.”
report of my assistant, Cliff Carter,
which tells of his short visit with      Though the trip referred to in our letter was taken in part to commemorate the end of the occupation of
you last week in my behalf.. I appre-    Istanbul at the close of World War One, it is more notable because of the great deal of time Kennedy spent
ciate the kind things you said and I     with Aristotle Onassis. Followed closely by reporters and photographers in Istanbul, Lesbos, Crete and the
hope you will let me know when I         Peloponnesian coast, this heavily documented trip is widely viewed as the start of Onassis’ infatuation with
can serve you. Sincerely, Lyndon B.      the soon to be widowed Jacqueline. Fine condition.                                               $1,500 - up
Johnson.”                  $500 - up



                                                                         10
                    A HISTORIC AND EXTREMELY LENGHTY
        TELETYPE OF THE UPI NEWS BULLETINS OF THE JFK ASSASSINATION
* 52
Teletype printout of one of the most momentous day’s in American History. (Appr.) 100 ft. of original news copy from that day.        The very first
report reads:

(DALLAS)1—AN UNKNOWN SNIPER FIRED THREE SHOTS AT POOUBN / FLASH / KENNEEY / FLASH / KENNEDY SERIOUSLY
WOUNDED —— HR1238PCS

The misspelling of Kennedy was by Henry Renwald, the teletype operator who was in charge at that machine that fateful day. 10 bells had sounded
at newsrooms all across the country that day. Wire operators knew that what would be coming would be news that would stun the world. After
that initial message, bureaus were sending in from all over. The next message tells of the urgency:

STAY OFF ALL OF YOU SAY OFF AND KEEP OFF GET OFF After numerous attempts the interference is ended:

UPR 74 B U L L E T I N (DALLAS)—A SNIPER SERIOUSLY WOUNDED LDJVBUNET KENNEDY IN DOWNTOWN DALLAS TODAY...PERHAPS
FATALLY

In 1997, A major Auction House made national news when an AP (Associated Press) teletype report of the day Kennedy was killed was offered
for sale. That report was only 7 feet long. It fetched a record price and was placed on display in a portion of Macy’s in New York.

 There is a significant difference between the two news outlets however, and their reporting of it. UPI was the first to break the news, and in fact
Merriman Smith would go on to win a Pulitzer Prize for his reporting. “Smith was in the press car...When he heard shots, he called in to the Dallas
office and sent a flash bulletin,” Richard Harnett, veteran UPI reporter says. “The AP reporter started pounding on his shoulder to get to the
phone, but Merriman kept it from him.” (Quoted - Brill’s Content, April 2001

)“What a story,” said Charlie. “I was in our office hanging over the wire machines. There was the first bulletin on the UPI machine. Nothing on
the AP. Then there is a flash on UPI. Nothing on the AP. Then there is another bulletin on UPI. Still nothing from the AP.

”This incredible archive of original UPI teletypes chronicle November 22, 1963, the entire day of the Kennedy assassination. Consisting of eight
rolls and 12 individual “tear off ” sheets, used in the hurried rush by the newsreaders.

The most stunning is: UPR94: FLASH, PRESIDENT DEAD

The garbled text surely captured in that moment the teletype operator typed those words. The ones that would fix in our collective memories
forever one of the darkest days in American history. It is followed by UPR95 BULLETIN (DALLAS) —— PRESIDENT KENNEDY IS DEAD.
A136PCD11/22

Like Sept. 11, 2001, would later become, Nov. 22, 1963, became a day that all of us old enough would forever remember where we were and what
we were doing at the moment we heard that the president had been shot. Although nearly everyone today is fully aware of the events following
Kennedy’s assassination, reading about them here in these wire transmissions, a record created as they unfolded, leaves one with both a unique and
sobering historical perspective on the tragic event. In generally VG/Fine condition                                                    $10,000 - up




                                                                       11
         “YOU ARE REALLY TOO KIND TO HAVE
             REMEMBERED TO SEND ME
             THE BARTENDER’S GUIDE.”
                                                                               * 55
* 53
                                                                               ABRAHAM LINCOLN. (1809-1865). Sixteenth President of the
JACQUELINE KENNEDY. (1929-1994). First Lady of the United
                                                                               United States. Autograph fragment from a larger legal document.
States. Typed letter Signed, “Jackie,” on unusual Mrs. John F. Kennedy
                                                                               One page, approximately 7 ¾” x 2 ¾”. [Illinois]. Circa 1858. Over
Hyannis Port Massachusetts letterhead. One page, 4 7/8” x 7”.
                                                                               twenty words in Lincoln’s hand. Lincoln writes:
Hyannis Port, MA. August 17, 1959. To “Sydney G. Walton,” San
Francisco businessman and philanthropist. Kennedy writes, in part:
                                                                               “Joseph Peters ads John V. Robbins, Ralph Pomroy [sic] and Samuel
“Dear Syd, You are really too kind to have remembered to send me
                                                                               S. Robbins, partners doing business under the name and style and
the Bartender’s Guide. I do appreciate it so much ... A million thanks
                                                                               form of Robbins and Pomery.”
for your thoughtfulness! Sincerely Jackie.”                   $750 - up
                                                                               This item has been authenticated and encapsulated by PASS-CO,
                                                                               LLC., and is accompanied by a Certified Silver PASS. Tape repair on
                                                                               verso, small split at lower left edge, else Fine.       $1,000 - up




                                                                                  PENNED THE DAY OF LINCOLN’S DEATH,
                                                                                  “THE STORES HERE ARE ALL CLOSED AND
                                                                                        DRAPED, NOTHING DOING”

                                                                                                                  * 56
                                                                                                                  [Lincoln Assassination] Autograph
   A COMMEMORATIVE 5 X 7 COLOR KODAK OF A                                                                         Letter Signed, on The Singer Manu-
     JACKIE, TEDDY, BOBBY, JOHN-JOHN, AND                                                                         facturing Co. letterhead. Two pages,
 CAROLINE KENNEDY WITH QUEEN ELIZABETH II                                                                         8” x 10”. Buffalo. April 15, 1865. From
  AND PRINCE PHILLIP AT THE DEDICATION OF                                                                         the Singer Manufacturing Co. Agent
           ENGLAND’S J.F.K. MEMORIAL                                                                              J.S. Dawley. The letter reads, in part:
* 54                                                                                                              “…I received your telegram yester-
5” x 7” color Kodak Print Signed on facing page, “With best                                                       day … On my arrival here from
wishes from Jacqueline Kennedy.”                                                                                  Toronto … I enclose a blank power
                                                                                                                  of Attorney … The stores are all
Our 5 X 7 image was likely taken in May of 1965 at the dedication of                                              closed and draped. Nothing doing.”
the United Kingdom’s official memorial to President Kennedy at                                                    Remainder of letter relates to busi-
Runnymede, England. Made up of several acres given in perpetuity                                                  ness matters. Light mounting trace.
from Great Britain to the United States, this memorial stands in the                                              Very Good.                $200 - up
same meadow where King John singed the Magna Carta in 1215.

Great for framing and extremely fine.                        $500 - up




                                                                          12
    * 57
    RICHARD NIXON. (1913-1994). President of the United States.
    Autograph Letter Signed, “RN,” on his name-imprinted stationery.
    One page, 7 ¼” x 10 ½”. “26 Federal Plaza, New York City.” Septem-
    ber 8, 1983. With accompanying imprinted envelope addressed to
    “the Honorable Eugene J. McCarthy Post Office Box 22 Woodville,
    Virginia 22749.” Nixon writes:
    “Dear Gene, I was distressed to read that you were in hospital &
    hope this note finds you on the way to a complete recovery. Your
    tenacity and irrepressible wit will help you prevail over this physi-
    cal ordeal- With warm regards. Rn.” Original fold, else Very Fine.
                                                             $1,000 - up                  7 PAGE JANE PIERCE ALS TO HER SISTER
                                                                                      * 59
                                                                                      [FIRST LADIES] JANE MEANS APPLETON PIERCE (1806-
                                                                                      1863) Wife of Franklin Pierce, First Lady: 1853-1857. Jane Pierce’s
                                                                                      life was tragic. Two months before her husband’s inauguration,
       NIXON ON HIS LOSS TO JFK IN 1960:                                              their only surviving child, eleven-year-old Benny, was killed in a
        “AS WE LOOK BACK TO 1960, THE                                                 train crash. Grief nearly killed her.
   DISAPPOINTMENT OF LOSING THE CLOSEST
   ELECTION IN HISTORY WILL FADE INTO THE                                             Autograph Letter Signed. n.p., n.d. 7 pp. with mentions of her
                                                                                      husband, The First Lady pens, in her usual dour tone a missive to
                BACKGROUND”                                                           her sister, Mary Appleton. Mrs. Pierce’s writing is difficult to read,
                                                                                      so grief stricken and ill as she so often was. Small amount tran-
                                        Washington, D.C. December 9, 1960.            scribed as best able:
                                        To “Mr. and Mrs. Jack Kaletsch.”
                                        Nixon writes:                                 “Dearest Mary We have another rainy day to bring vegetation forward but if
                                        “Dear Mr. and Mrs. Kaletsch: Pat and          kept back our necessary preparations for departure- Mr. Pierce’s cold is better … I
                                        I want you to know how very much              am not at my best today and feel my uncertainty a good deal … we think of going
                                        we appreciated the letter which you           from…Philadelphia on Thursday if so we shall remain in New York perhaps a
                                        sent us after the election. A message         few days and reach Baltimore somewhere about the 13th or 14th … myself -
                                        of congratulations after winning an           …make a stop of a few days there- for recent different reasons - I have not been …
                                        election is of course always appre-           because I did not know that …I fear I might not get to Baltimore again soon.
                                        ciated although not unexpected. But           I feel as if we were wanders on the face of the earth, but you my
                                        nothing could have meant more to              dear … her promise as a quiet haven for the present and now that again I am
                                        us than to receive such a warm and            a wanderer- it is a great comfort to me (as it was at the time) to
                                        thoughtful message after losing. In           have had my dear friends with me. And to have given them of my
                                        the years ahead as we look back to            heart and to receive … I only wish we could have done far more
                                        1960, the disappointment of losing            for them …then we did. I have not heard from dear Ally…Mr. Pierce went
                                        the closest election in history will          to her Dr. Boardman yesterday…I wanted to go in the afternoon,
                                        fade into the background. But your            but could not….Jane”
* 58                                    act of thoughtfulness will always
RICHARD NIXON. (1913-1994).             remain close to our hearts. Pat joins         Mrs. Pierce’s oldest sister, Mary Appleton Aiken was of major im-
President of the United States. Typed   me in sending our very best wishes            portance to her and did what she could to keep Jane Pierce on as
Letter Signed, “Dick Nixon,” on Of-     for Christmas and the New Year.               “even a keel” as much as was possible. The time of her tenure in the
fice of the Vice President, Washing-    Sincerely, Richard Nixon.”                    White House, her gloom and depressions were so acute, permanent
ton stationery. One page, 7” x 9”.                                 $1,000 - up        and evident to all that Nathaniel Hawthorne, a famous author of that
                                                                                      time, would refer to her as “that death’s head” in the White House.
                                                                                      There is quite a bit more detail to the letter. Rare and Fine.
                                                                                                                                                $1,750 - up




                                                                                 13
                                                                                                                        Roosevelt writes:

                                                                                                                        “My dear Mr. Hasting, I cannot recall
                                                                                                                        ever hearing my husband express an
                                                                                                                        opinion as to the value of Esperanto.
                                                                                                                        With regret, Very truly yours, Edith
                                                                                                                        K. Roosevelt.”
                                                                                                                        During his presidency, Theodore
                                                                                                                        Roosevelt attempted to advanced the
                                                                                                                        cause of simplified spelling for the
                                                                                                                        English language. Ordering the Pub-
                                                                                                                        lic Printer to use this system in all
                                                                                                                        public documents, numerous items,
                                                                                                                        including the President’s message
                                                                                                                        regarding the Panama Canal, were
                                                                             EDITH K. ROOSEVELT ON                      printed in this manner before pub-
                                                                                T.R. AND ESPERANTO                      lic opposition to the simplified spell-
                                                                            * 62                                        ing system forced Roosevelt to re-
                                                                            EDITH ROOSEVELT (1861-                      scind his order. While supporting
                                                                            1948). Autograph Letter Signed,             this cause, Roosevelt did not, as his
                                                                            “Edith K. Roosevelt,” on Mrs.               wife notes, take much heed of Espe-
                                                                            Theodore Roosevelt, Senior                  ranto, an international auxiliary lan-
           REAGAN WORKS AGAINST MCCARTHY’S                                  Sagamore Hill Oyster Bay, New York          guage created in 1887.      $200 - up
     RED SCARE TACTICS IN HOLLYWOOD AND LIMIT                               stationary. One page, 6 7/8 X 5 7/8.
     LEGISLATIONS BY THE HOUSE COMMITTEE ON                                 Oyster, Bay New York. August 24,
                 UN-AMERICAN ACTIVITIES.                                    1937. To “My Dear Mr. Hasting.”
   * 60
   RONALD REAGAN (1911-2004). President of the United States.
   Exceptional Document Signed, “Ronald Reagan,” as secretary of
   the Motion Picture Industry Council. Nine pages, 8 ½” x 11".
   November 20, 1952. The document reads, in part:

   “...discuss the problem created by films released in America which
   utilize the services of men who had gone abroad after having been
   identified under oath as Communists... considerable progress had
   been made in dealing with the problem, and that it no longer
   appeared necessary to seek legislation, by way of the House Com-
   mittee on Un-American Activities, to remedy the situation... steps
   were being taken to provide information which would enable Ameri-
   can companies to avoid hiring members of pro-Communist unions
   in the course of overseas production activities...”

   These minutes of a meeting of the MPIC cover the hearings of
   House Committee on Un-American Activities and the Council’s                   ELEANOR ROOSEVELT TO A FRIEND ABOUT HER
   discussions on the issue of Communist infiltration in the industry,           TRIP FOR THE UN, COMMENTS ON THE HUMAN
   specifically with regard to limiting legislation against actors over-                    RIGHTS COMMISSION
   seas. Due to the red-scare tactics of Sen. Joseph P. McCarthy, the
   House Committee pushed Hollywood to blackball many actors and                * 63
   directors. An important association document between President               [FIRST LADIES] ELEANOR ROOSEVELT (1884-1962)U.S.
   Reagan and McCarthyism in Hollywood. Reagan wrote in his auto-               First Lady. Typed Letter Signed, , on Mrs. Roosevelt’s personal Val-
   biography that be was against McCarthy’s red scare tactics and did           Kill Cottage stationery, to “Bertie.” October 17, 1951. 1¼ pp. 6½” x
   what he could to fight it. Reagan even met his wife Nancy for the            7½”. An affectionate, yet well detailed content of her political
   first time at a meeting to clear her name regarding a communist              schedule as well as personal details about the family.
   related issue. File holes on left margin. In excellent condition.            “…I shall have to leave on the 25th of this month for the United
                                                             $2,500 - up        Nations General Assembly. That will probably last until the first week of
                                                                                February…I plan to visit several of the countries to which I have been
                                                                                invited, India, Pakistan, Isreal (sic), the Near East and come
                                                                                home by way of the Philippines…The State Department is urg-
                                                                                ing me to go although I will go unofficially and pay my own expenses. Malvina
* 61                                                                            is going to Paris with me for the first part of the Assembly…Johnny has moved
RICHARD NIXON. (1913-1994).                                                     east…Franklin, junior’s wife is expecting a baby…I’ll be working on the
President of the United States. Title                                           Human Rights commission in April..my love, Affy, Eleanor Roosevelt”
page of Nixon’s book Leaders In-                                                Roosevelt served as a United States delegate to the United Nations
scribed, “To Gene McCarthy with                                                 General Assembly from 1945 to 1951. In 1946 she was elected chair-
warm regards- from Richard Nixon.”                                              man of the UN’s Human Rights Commission where she helped
One page, 6” x 8 ¾”. As cut from                                                draft the UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights, for her, her
book, else Very Fine.      $250 - up                                            greatest accomplishment. In Fine condition.                        $500 - up




                                                                           14
                                       Kansas City, Missouri. May 5, 1955.              “MRS. JOHN TYLER REGRETS SHE HAS
                                       To “Mr. Richard Kolb 118 East 91st
                                                                                       NO AUTOGRAPHS OF THE PRESIDENT SHE
                                       Street New York 28, N.Y.” Truman
                                       writes:                                                 WISHES TO PART WITH”
                                       “Dear Mr. Kolb: I certainly appreci-
                                       ated that good letter of yours, and
                                       the twenty dollar check which you                                                  * 67
                                       sent for the library was most highly                                               JULIA GARDINER TYLER
                                       appreciated also. It looks as if we are                                            (1820-1889), second wife of John
                                       going to get a good start on it next                                               Tyler, was First Lady of the United
                                       Sunday, and I hope to have the build-                                              States from June 26, 1844 to March
                                       ing finished within the year. Sin-                                                 4, 1845.
                                       cerely yours, Harry Truman”                                                        Autograph Letter. Feb. 21, 1873.
                                                                                                                          On black bordered mourning sta-
                                       The Harry S. Truman Presidential                                                   tionary from Mrs. Tyler: “Mrs. Tyler
                                       Library was the first Presidential Li-                                             regrets it is not in her power to
                                       brary to be created under the 1955                                                 meet the wish of Mr. Fanington,
                                       Presidential Library Act. Built over                                               but she has no autographs of her
                                       the two years following this letter,                                               husband, Pres. Tyler that she feels
                                       the library was officially dedicated                                               willing to part with.” Staining.
                                       on July 6, 1957, with Herbert Hoover,                                              Good. Mrs. Tyler in ALS form quite
                                       Earl, Warren, and Eleanor Roosevelt                                                scarce.                   $750 - up
                                       in attendance.              $400 - up



                                                                                                                          special notice of me as I was the
                                                                                                                          only lady in the company. -He is a
* 64                                                                                                                      very affable man, but very careless as
7” x 2 ¾” The signature above was                                                                                         to his dress and personal appear-
written with a quil pen made with of                                                                                      ance…”
an Eagle feather with which James                                                                                         A unique and humorous outsider’s
K. Polk the President of the United                                                                                       commentary on John Tyler not long
State signed his first Message to                                                                                         after his unexpected ascension to the
Congress and the bill to admit Texas                                                                                      presidency. Very good.      $400 - up
as a state and the Treaty of Peace
between the United States and
Mexico. The Pen is now in the
Keeping of The Tenn. Hist Society
                                            HARRY TRUMAN TO
at the capital Nashville.  $300 - up
                                              DEAN ACHESON

                                          “I’LL NEVER BE ABLE TO
                                         ‘SQUARE UP’ WITH YOU FOR
                                           ALL THE TROUBLE I’VE
                                       CAUSED YOU OVER THE LAST
                                        EIGHT OR TEN YEARS, BUT I                   JUST WEEKS INTO JOHN
                                        CANT SAY THAT I AM SORRY                    TYLER’S PRESIDENCY, A
                                                THAT I DID IT.”                      VISITOR NOTES THAT
                                       * 66                                        “…HE IS A VERY AFFABLE
                                                                                  MAN, BUT VERY CARELESS
                                       [PRESIDENTS] HARRY S.                         AS TO HIS DRESS AND
                                       TRUMAN (1884–1972) Thirty-third            PERSONAL APPEARANCE…”
                                       President of the United States.           * 68
                                       Typed Letter Signed. Kansas City,         [presidential] Autograph Letter.
                                       Missouri, September 2, 1953 on im-        Three pages, 7 1/2” x 9 7/8”. “Hart-
                                       printed personal stationery, One          ford,” Connecticut. May 1841. Ad-            BESS TRUMAN TO THE
                                       page, 4to Addressed to Dean               dressed on integral leaf to “Mrs.         WIFE OF THE UNIVERSITY
                                       Acheson. Truman thoroughly en-            Agnes Bacon, West Newton, Mass.”                 OF CALIFORNIA’S
                                       joyed the years with Acheson as they      With HARTFORD postal cancella-                         PRESIDENT
                                       faced crises of national and interna-     tion. The letter in part reads:          * 69
                                       tional importance after Truman as-         “…We visited Washington a fort-         BESS TRUMAN. (1885-1982). First
     HARRY TRUMAN ON
                                       sumed office in 1945. Truman play-        night ago last Monday saw what was       Lady of the United States. Autograph
    THE BUILDING OF HIS
                                       fully remarks that he has no regrets,     to be seen in the public building        Letter Signed, “Bess W. Truman,” as
   PRESIDENTIAL LIBRARY
                                       having had in Acheson a trusted           such as the Capital, the Post Office     First Lady, on embossed gold White
* 65
                                       friend and advisor through such dif-      and Patent Office, the Naval, Trea-      House Washington stationary bear-
 HARRY S. TRUMAN. (1884-1972).
                                       ficult times as the Korean War in         sury, and State departments and lastly   ing the Seal of State. Three pages, 4 1/
Typed Letter Signed, “Harr y
                                       1950 and the firing of General            the White House where we saw the         2”
                                                                                                                             x 6 7/8”. Washington, D.C. “Sunday,”
Truman,” on his named-imprinted
                                       MacArthur one year later. Fine.           famous east-room &c. had an intro-       No date. To “Dear Mrs. Sproul.”
Federal Reserve Bank Building let-
                                                                                 duction to the President who took
terhead. One page, 7 ¼ X 10 1/4 .                                  $750 - up

                                                                             15
Truman writes:
“Dear Mrs. Sproul—My husband and
I greatly appreciate your generous
invitation to stay with you while we
are in Berkeley. Our plans at present
                                                                                   THE CIVIL WAR
are so indefinite I cannot give you a
very satisfactory answer. But I must
tell you that if you only knew about
the “cavalcade” we are compelled to
have with us, you would be far hap-
pier knowing we were staying in a
hotel. We are looking forward the           A FINE OFFERING
keenest pleasure to our visit to Ber-       OF CONFEDERATE
keley. Very Sincerely, Bess Truman”
                            $150 - up           GENERALS
                                                                                       * 72
                                                                                       WIRT ADAMS (1819 - 1888). Con-
   WOODROW WILSON’S                                                                    federate Brigadier General. Orga-
  DAUGHTER MARGARET                                                                    nized the 1st Mississippi cavalry,
WILSON ON HER SISTER’S                                                                 fought in the Vicksburg campaign. 3
   CHILDREN AND HER                                                                    1/2" x 1 1/4" tipped to a slightly
FAMILY’S CIVIC ACTIVITIES                                                                                                        * 75
                                                                                       larger backing paper. Cut signature.      LAWRENCE S. BAKER (1830 -
                                                                                       “Respectfully, Wirt Adams”. Scarce.       1907). Confederate Brigadier General.
* 70                                                                                   In Excellent condition.   $850 - up
MARGARET WILSON. (1886-                                                                                                          Fought in all of the battles of the
1944). Daughter of President                                                                                                     Army of Northern Virginia from the
Woodrow Wilson and a noted opera                                                                                                 Peninsular to Gettysburg. Wounded
singer. Autograph Letter Signed,                                                                                                 several times. 5 3/4" x 4 1/2". Signa-
“Margaret Wilson,” on The White                                                                                                  ture with rank “Respectfully,
House Washington letterhead. Three                                                                                               Lawrence S. Baker, Brig. Genl. Cav.
pages, 5 ¼” x 8”. “Waterford, Conn.”                                                                                             C.S.A.”. On pink paper and signed
October 7, 1916. Accompanied by a           * 71                                                                                 by Baker was quite old. Excellent.
The White House envelope ad-                EDWARD P. ALEXANDER (1835                                                                                        $900 - up
dressed to “Mr. Oliver P. Newman,           - 1910). Confederate Brigadier Gen-        * 73
District Bldg., Washington, D.C.” With      eral. Chief of Ordnance for the            RICHARD HERON ANDER-
red      two-cent      stamp      and       Army of Northern Virginia, servely         SON (1821 - 1879). Confederate Lieu-
WATERFORD CONN postal cancel-               wounded at Petersburg. ALS. 5" x 8".       tenant General. Present at the bom-
lation. Wilson writes, in part:             4 pages. Dated South Island, Friday,       bardment of Fort Sumter. Com-
                                            Jan. 29th, 1897. Alexander writes to a     manded Charleston after Beauregard.
“Dear Mr. Newman, I did not see             Mr. Johnston concerning his will-          3 1/4" x 1 1/2". Cut signature with
you letter until last night as I have       ingness to try and use his influence       closing written in pencil. “I am very
been away for a rest. My voice gave         on behalf of the “Arbitration              respectfully your most obt. Servt. R.H.
out because, I confess, I overworked        Treaty”, which following the war had       Anderson, Lt. Genl. “ Very fine.
it. In my enthusiasm at being able to       become much more difficult in his                                       $600 - up
work again, I used it too much, and         estimation due to the deterioration
so when I saw that it needed a rest I       of the character of many Southern
went to Williamstown to see my sis-         men of power. “I sometimes fear
ter. You should see her babies! The         that the North may come to regret
little girl is going to look like Mother,   not letting the ‘Erring Sisters go in
I think. But I did not sit down to          peace’ as Scott advised. There seems
write to you about Jessie’s babies. I       to me sometimes to be a strange de-
am afraid that I am going to develop        termination come over Southern
into a doting old maid aunt … Then          character since the war. Compare the
when your letter came and I realized        public men of this day with those
that the celebration had not yet come       of old antebellum days & up to the
off, I consulted with Mr. David about       war itself - say in this state So. Ca. -
my going down to it. He begged me           Either the institution of slavery pro-                                               * 76
                                                                                       * 74                                      RUFUS BARRINGER (1821 -
not to saying that I had said I would       duced higher types, or the poverty         FRANK C. ARMSTRONG (1835-
not one thing at a time and not mix         & hardships of reconstruction                                                        1895). Confederate Brigadier General
                                                                                       1909). Brigadier General. He fought       serving in the Army of Northern Vir-
music with civic center activity … I        caused deterioration of type, for the      on the Union side at the 1st battle of
am very happy over Father’s promise         difference is marked & the old was                                                   ginia. Brother in law of generals
                                                                                       Manassas, resigning in 1861. 4" x 2 1/    Stonewall Jackson and D. H. Hill. ALS.
to speak later at the Park View school.     the better & safer to have in the coun-    2" Signature with rank. “Frank C.
I am really extremely sorry that I can-     try...” Signed Sincerely Yours, E.P.                                                 1 page. On his imprinted legal office
                                                                                       Armstrong. Brigr. General. Forrest’s      letterhead. Charlotte, NC, Jny. 7, 1871.
not be in Washington for the twenti-        Alexander. Fine.              $600 - up    Cavalry Corps.C.S.A.” Encapsulated
eth. With my real regards, Faithfully                                                                                            To an unknown recipient; “ Please
                                                                                       in heavy plastic holder. In Excellent     send me proof ... of any
yours, Margaret Wilson.”                                                               condition.                  $300 - up     publication...from this man...” A nice,
A range of commentary on White                                                                                                   scarce one page example of this gen-
House stationery from Woodrow                                                                                                    eral and excellent for display.
Wilson’s eldest daughter. Fine.                                                                                                                               $600 - up
                           $150 - up

                                                                                  16
* 77
WILLIAM BARKSDALE (1821 -
1863). Confederate Brigadier General
who commanded a brigade at
Antietam,           Fredericksburg,      * 80
Chancellorsville and Gettysburg,         WILLIAM R. BOGGS (1829 - 1911).
where he was mortally wounded and        Confederate Brigadier General.
captured. 2 1/2" x 1". Rare cut signa-   Orndnance Officer with General
ture. “W. Barksdale.” Age toning and     Beauregard at Charleston, Chief of
very good.                  $650 - up    Staff under General E. Kirby Smith
                                         in the Trans-Mississippi Dept. Signa-              AN EXCESSIVELY RARE PATRICK CLEBURNE
                                         ture on a card “W. R. Boggs, Brig.                              AUTOGRAPH
                                         Genl & Chief of Staff ”. Excellent.           * 84
                                                                    $200 - up          PATRICK CLEBURNE (1828 - 1864). Confederate Major Gen-
                                                                                       eral. Planned the capture of the U.S. Arsenal in Arkansas, wounded
                                                                                       at Perryvill. Killed in Action at the Battle of Franklin on November
                                                                                       30, 1864. 2 1/2" x 1". On blue paper. Cut signature with sentiment
                                                                                       “Your friend, P. R. Cleburne”. Tipped to a larger paper with
                                                                                       Cleburne’s portriat measuring 6" x 9". Cleburne’s autograph has
                                                                                       been extremely rare and elusive to many Confederate General
                                         * 81                                          specialists. A superb opportunity to add this important and highly
                                         LAWRENCE                  O’BRIEN             desirable rarity to a special collection. Portrait page has some staple
                                         BRANCH (1820 - 1862). Confeder-               rust and glue staIning, the cut signature is fine.           $3,000 - up
                                         ate Brigadier General. Served with
                                         Jackson in the Valley. Fought with
                                         distinction at Cedar Mountain and
                                         2nd Manassas. He was Killed In Ac-
                                         tion at Antietam. 4 1/2" x 1 3/4". Cut
    JOHN STEVENS BOWEN                   Signature with rank. “ O. M. & P., B.
   SIGNED ENDORSEMENT                    Genl.” Mounted to another sheet of
* 78                                     paper. Fine.                 $450 - up
JOHN STEVENS BOWEN (1830
- 1863). Confederate Major General.
Wounded at Shiloh, he is noted for
distinguished service in his opposi-
tion to Grant at Port Gibson. Bowen
fought at Vicksburg, became ill with                                                  JAMES CHESTNUT CUT
dysentry and died a prisoner-of-war.                                                          SIGNATURE
2 1/2" x 3 1/2 mounted to a larger                                                 * 85
sheet of paper measuring 6" x 8 3/4"     * 82                                      JAMES CHESTNUT, JR (1815 -
overall. Endorsement with rank. Jan.     JOHN BRATTON (1831 - 1898).               1885). Confederate Brigadier General.
31, 1863. “App’d & Respfy. Forw’d.       Confederate Brigadier General.            He served with Beauregard at Fort
Jno. S. Bowen. Brig. Gen. Comdg.         Present at the Confederate surren-        Sumter and briefly on Jefferson
Div.” Only Bowen’s signature is in       der at Appomattox. Signature with         Davis’ staff. Card signed with senti-
his hand. Fine.           $2,000 - up    rank on a card. 3 1/2" x 2". “Jno         ment. 3 1/8" x 1 7/8". “For Andrew
                                         Bratton, Brig. Genl, C.S.A.” Excellent.   Moffett with respects of James Chest-
                                                                      $200 - up    nut”. Very Fine.            $425 - up
                                                                                                                             * 87
                                                                                                                             SAMUEL COOPER (1798-1876).
                                                                                                                             Adjutant and Inspector General of
                                                                                                                             the Confederacy. DS. 8" x 10". On
                                                                                                                             blue lined paper, from the Adjutant
* 79                                                                                                                         Generals Office, Washington, Sept.
SETH M. BARTON (1829 - 1900).                                                      * 86                                      9, 1852, to Major General T. S. Jesup.
Confederate Brigadier General,                                                     GEORGE B. CRITTENDEN                      “As the Senior Army Officer of the
served as Stonewall Jackson’s Engi-                                                (1812 - 1880). Confederate Major          Board….I think it proper to send you
neer Officer in the Valley District.     * 83
                                                                                   General. Signature cut from the con-      the enclosed papers from the Navy
Signature on paper cut from a letter     GOODE BRYAN (1811 - 1885).
                                                                                   clusion of a letter. “G. B. Crittenden,   Department...Very respectfully Your
on verso. “S. M. Barton, (late) Brig.    Confederate Brigadier General. Sig-
                                                                                   Lt. Col. R. M. R.” Signed while serv-     obdt. servt. S. Cooper, Agt. Gen.” Age
Gen’l, C.S.A.” Some glue residue from    nature with rank on a slip of paper
                                                                                   ing as an officer in the mounted          toning at fold, fine.        $100 - up
a previous mounting well away from       mounted to a card “Goode Bryan,
                                                                                   rifles. Excellent.           $200 - up
the signature which could be re-         Brig. Gen.”Some very light glue resi-
moved without effect. Scarce. Fine.      due, otherwise Excellent.
                            $600 - up                               $200 - up

                                                                               17
                                        erate General. Captured at Island No.                                              at Shiloh and captured in the Ohio
                                        10, he was sent to Fort Warren. In                                                 Raid of 1863, remaining a prisoner
                                        June 1862 he was exchanged. 3 1/2"                                                 of war for the following year at which
                                        x 2 1/2" cut signature tipped to a                                                 time he was exchanged. After dis-
                                        larger autograph album page measur-                                                banding his infantry, Duke escorted
                                        ing 8 1/2" x 11", with hand written                                                President Davis and the fugitive Con-
                                        biography. “H. B. Davidson, Danville,                                              federate government from Charlotte
                                        California.” Very Fine.     $200 - up                                              until his capture. Card signed with
                                                                                                                           rank. 3" x 2". “Basil W. Duke, For-
                                                                                                                           merly - Brig. Genl. C.S.A.”. Light
* 88
                                                                                                                           mounting traces on verso. Excellent.
THOMAS J. CHURCHILL (1827
                                                                                                                                                         $300- up
- 1871). Confederate Major General,
later served as Governor of Arkan-
sas. Signature with rank on a slip of
paper mounted to another sheet.
“Compliments of T. J. Churchill, Maj.
Gen., C.S.A.” Scarce. Excellent.
                           $300 - up
                                                                                  * 94
                                                                                  THOMAS P. DOCKERY (1833 -
                                                                                  1898). Confederate brigadier general.
                                                                                  ALS. 1 page. On his imprinted            * 98
                                                                                  “Bonds and Stocks” broker letter-        CHARLES W. FIELD (1828 - 1892).
                                                                                  head. New York. July 10, 1888.           Confederate Major General. Signa-
                                                                                  Dockery writes to an admirer who         ture on a card. 4 1/2" x 2 3/4".
                                                                                  had requested a signed photo of the      “Charles W. Field”. Very Scarce. Ex-
                                        * 92                                      Confederate General. “…I have no         cellent.                   $500 - up
                                        WILLIAM G. M. DAVIS (1812 -               copy of photograph of myself, but
* 89                                    1898). Confederate Brigadier General.     will shortly have some made from a
GEORGE B. COSBY (1830 - 1909).          Also involved in blockade running.        photo taken in uniform about the
Confederate Brigadier General.          ALS. 2 1/2 pp. Jacksonville, July 3,      close of the war to send by request
Cosby carried the surrender note        1875. Davis writes regarding a request    to the War Department and will then
from General Simon B. Buckner to        of a Mr. Vose to represent him in a       take pleasure in complying with your
Grant at Fort Donelson. Signature       Supreme Court appeal. “…Whether           request.” Very Scarce.     $600 - up
with rank on a card. “Geo. B. Cosby,    if an appeal should be perfected in
Brig. Gen’l, C.S.A.” Very Scarce sig-   the case of Vose et als vs. The A. G. &
nature. Excellent.         $400 - up    W. I. T. Co. I will appear in the case                                             * 99
                                        for him in the Supreme Court &                                                     JOSEPH FINEGAN (1814 - 1885)
                                        argue the appeal for five hundred                                                  Confederate Brigadier General. Docu-
                                        dollars and give credit on such ac-                                                ment Signed. 1 1/2 pages. August 19,
                                        count the one hundred dollars                                                      1868. Memorandum of agreement
                                        charged by me for the opinion fur-        * 95                                     between J. Rutledge Finegan and
                                        nished you on the case...” The top        THOMAS F. DRAYTON (1808 -                Henry Clay in which the latter agrees
                                        portion of the letter is mounted to       1891). Confederate Brigadier General.    to pay $120 on or before January 1,
                                        another sheet on verso and displays       Cut signature. 3 1/4" x 1 1/4". “Thos.   1880 for a lot of land in Fernandina,
                                        glue staining. Additional light           F. Drayton”. Mounted to another          Florida. Joseph Finegan signs as a
                                        dampstaining is present. A scarce ALS     sheet. Excellent.           $200 - up    witness. Fold split. Fine. $600 - up
                                        of the general.              $400 - up

* 90
WILLIAM R. COX (1832 - 1919).
Confederate Brigadier General. Sig-
nature on a card. “Wm. R. Cox, Sept.                                              * 96
25, 1890. Excellent.      $150 - up                                               DUDLEY M. DUBOSE (1834 -
                                                                                  1883). Confederate Brigadier General.
                                                                                  Cut signature from a letter. 2 1/2" x
                                                                                  5/8". Excellent.            $200 - up
                                                                                                                           * 100
                                        * 93                                                                               JESSE JOHNSON FINLEY (1812
                                        GEORGE G. DIBRELL (1822-                                                           - 1904). Confederate Brigadier Gen-
                                        1888) Confederate brigadier general                                                eral, Commanded a regiment at
                                        who rose through the ranks after en-                                               Chickamauga. Later served as a U.S.
                                        listing as private. He raised the 8th                                              Congressman. Cut signature. 4 1/2"
                                        TN Cavalry behind Federal lines to                                                 x 2 1/4". “J. J. Finley, Jacksonville,
                                        operate as independent partisan Rang-                                              Florida.” Fine.             $200 - up
                                        ers and served with Forrest at Stones
* 91                                    River. 5 1/2" x 3 1/2". Signature,
HENRY BREVARD DAVIDSON                  “G.G. Dibrell, Sparta, Tennessee”.        * 97
(1831 - 1899) West Point Graduate,      Excellent.                  $150 - up     BASIL W. DUKE (1838 - 1916). Con-
Served in the Mexican War, Confed                                                 federate Brigadier General. Wounded

                                                                             18
                                          * 103
                                          JOHN W. FRAZER. Confederate
                                          Brigadier General. Signature cut from
                                          a letter. 3" x 3/4". “J. W. Frazer”.
                                          Mounted to a larger card. Very Scarce
                                          signature. Very Fine.       $400 - up



CONFEDERATE BRIGADIER
GENERAL JOHN BUCHANAN
               FLOYD
* 101
JOHN BUCHANAN FLOYD
                                          * 104
(1806- 1863), was a Virginia politician
                                          SAMUEL G. FRENCH. (1818 -
(legislator and governor), U.S. Secre-
                                          1910). Confederate Major General.
tary of War, and the Confederate gen-
                                          Three lines and a signature cut from
eral in the American Civil War who
                                          a letter. 5" x 2 1/4". “Hope you are
lost the crucial Battle of Fort
                                          well - all of you and that the coming
Donelson.
                                          year will bring you much happiness.
Clipped signature as Secretary of War.
                                          Sincerely yours, S. G. French.                * 107
4 ½” X 2 ¼”. Pasted to biographical
                                          Mounted to a larger sheet with a              RICHARD S. GARNETT (1819 - 1861). Confederate Brigadier Gen-
album page with picture and early
                                          portrait of French. Excellent.                eral. Commandant of Cadets at West Point. Garnett was the first Gen-
newspaper article about the general
                                                                       $300 - up        eral killed during the Civil War. Rare ALS to his brother A. S. Garnett.
Although Floyd had openly opposed
                                                                                        1 page. West Point, N.Y., Feby 19, 53. “I sent today by Adams & Cos
secession before the election of
                                                                                        Express a box addressed to Maj. R. S. Garnett, Washington, D.C. It will
Abraham Lincoln, his conduct after
                                                                                        be found at this office in W. It contains some clothing no longer
the election, especially after his
                                                                                        useful to me and which being very little worn. Thus I thought might
breach with Buchanan, fell under
                                                                                        be of some service to John. This intended for him I sdnd what I
suspicion, and he was accused in the
                                                                                        suppose
press of having sent large stores of
                                                                                        will be the amt. of the freight. I wish to get the box from Adams &
government arms to Federal arsenals
                                                                                        Cos. office and send it to John by the first convenient opportunity. I
in the South in the anticipation of
                                          * 105                                         see by the N.Y. Heral that Louis arrived in N.Y. yesterday. I look for him
the Civil War. His resignation as Sec-
                                          DANIEL M. FROST (1823 - 1900).                here tomorrow. Yr. affecting brother, R. S. Garnett”. ALS’s of Garnett
retary of War, on December 29, 1860,
                                          Confederate Brigadier General. Card           are rare and this offers a fine opportunity to acquire a nice one page
was precipitated by the refusal of
                                          signed with rank. 4" x 42 1/4". “D. M.        example for display. Small spot of discoloration at upper right, other-
Buchanan to order Major Robert
                                          Frost, Brig. Genl. C.S.A. Frost’s Bri-        wise fine.                                                      $2,500 - up
Anderson to abandon Fort Sumter,
                                          gade, Price’s Division, Trans Missis-
which eventually led to the start of
                                          sippi Dept.” Very Scarce and with an
the war. Fine.                $75 - up
                                          nice attribution to his service. Excel-
                                          lent.                         $450 - up




* 102                                                                               * 108
WILLIAM H. FORNEY (1823 -                                                           LUCIUS J. GARTRELL (1821 -                * 109
1894). Confederate Brigadier General.                                               1891). Confederate Brigadier General.     MARTIN W. GARY (1831 - 1881).
Signature cut from a letter. 4" x 2 1/                                              Served at 1st Bull Run, Member of         Brigadier General. Commanded
4". “Wm. H. Forney, Jacksonville, Ala-    * 106                                     the Confederate Congress in 1862.         Hampton’s Legion at 1st Manassas.
bama.” Excellent.            $150 - up    WILLIAM M. GARDNER (1824 -                As Brigadier General he commanded         Served     with     distinction     at
                                          1901). Confederate Brigadier General.     the Georgia reserves in South Caro-       Chickamauga, Knoxville, Fort
                                          Card signed post-war with rank. 4" x      lina,    being    wounded         near    Harrison and Fredericksburg. Cut
                                          2". “W. M. Gardner Ex - Brig. Gen’l,      Coosawhatchie. 4 1/4" x 2 1/4". Cut       signature with rank. 1 1/2" x 2 3/4"
                                          C.S.A.” Excellent.          $200 - up     signature tipped onto a larger sheet      tipped to a slightly larger backing
                                                                                    of paper. “Lucius J. Gartrell, Atlanta,   paper. “M. W. Gary, Brig. Gen. C.S.A.”
                                                                                    Ga.” Slight smudging of the G in          Overall age toning and burnt at edges.
                                                                                    Georgia. Very Fine.         $200 - up     Very Good.                  $200 - up


                                                                                19
                                        * 113
                                        JEREMY FRANCIS GILMER
                                        (1818 - 1883). Confederate Major
                                        General. A. S. Johnston’s Chief Engi-                                                * 119
                                        neer. Wounded at Shiloh. Consid-                                                     ROBERT D. JOHNSTON (1837
                                        ered the finest military engineer of                                                 – 1919). Confederate Brigadier Gen-
                                                                                  * 116
                                        the Confederacy. 4" x 1". Cut signa-                                                 eral. Saw service during the Peninsu-
                                                                                  BRADLEY T. JOHNSON (1829 -
                                        ture with rank “J. F. Gilmer, Maj. Gen.                                              lar campaign, wounded at Seven
                                                                                  1903).         Johnson          burned
                                        & Chf. Eng. Ba.” A highly desirable                                                  Pines, appointed Brigadier General
                                                                                  Chambersburg, Pennsylvania on the
                                        Confederate autograph. Tipped to a                                                   for service at Gettysburg. One of
                                                                                  orders of Jubal Early. 4 1/2" x 2 1/2".
                                        slightly larger card stock and encap-                                                the last surviving generals of the
                                                                                  Cut signature from the conclusion
                                        sulated in a heavy plastic holder. Very                                              C.S.A. 7 1/2" x 5". Closing sentiment
                                                                                  of a letter. “Yr. Obdt. Srvt, Bradley T.
                                        Good.                         $300 - up                                              with signature and rank. “I am very
                                                                                  Johnson”. Mounted to a slightly larger
                                                                                                                             truly, Robert D. Johnston, Brig. Gen-
                                                                                  paper. In very fine condition.
                                                                                                                             eral C.S.A. Army No. Va.” On very
                                                                                                                $200 - up
                                                                                                                             thin onion skin paper. Staple residue
                                                                                                                             from paper clip at extreme top mar-
* 110                                                                                                                        gin. Very Fine.             $200 - up
FRANKLIN GARDNER (1823 -                    A RARE SIGNATURE OF
1873). Confederate Major General.         CONFEDERATE GENERAL
Commanded a brigade of cavalry at             ADLEY H. GLADDEN
Shiloh and a brigade in Polk’s Corps    * 114
after the Kentucky Campaign.            ADLEY H. GLADDEN (1810 -
Gardner commanded Port Hudson           1862). Confederate Brigadier General.
from the end of 1862 until its sur-     Killed In Action at Shiloh. 4 1/2" x
render in July of 1863. 3 1/4" x 5 1/   1". Cut signature from a letter. A rare   * 117
                                        autograph of this Confederate Gen-                                                   * 120
2". Cut signature with rank and clos-                                             BUSHROD R. JOHNSON (1817
                                        eral. Very Fine.             $500 - up                                               SAMUEL JONES (1819 - 1887).
ing sentiment tipped on paper. “Ap-                                               - 1880). Confederate Major General.
                                                                                                                             Confederate Major Genl. Signature
proved and Respectfully forwarded                                                 Postwar signature with rank. 4 3/4" x
                                                                                                                             cut from the conclusion of a letter
Frank Gardner Maj. Genl.” $750 - up                                               2 1/4". “Brighton, Ill. January 6, 1880.
                                                                                                                             in pencil. 2 1/2" x 1". “Yrs, Saml.
                                                                                  Bushrod R. Johnson, Former Maj.
                                                                                                                             Jones” Mounted to another sheet.
                                                                                  Genl. Confederate Army”. A nice
                                                                                                                             Fine.                     $200 - up
                                                                                  example with date and rank. Excel-
                                                                                  lent.                         $200 - up




                                        * 115
                                        HENRY HETH (1825 - 1899). Con-                                                       * 121
                                        federate Major General. Heth Com-                                                    THOMAS JORDAN (1819 - 1895).
                                        manded a division at Gettysburg and                                                  Confederate Brigadier General. 5” x
* 111                                                                                                                        1 1/4”. Cut signature mounted to a
                                        served in various campaigns with the
RANDALL LEE GIBSON (1832 -                                                                                                   slightly larger paper. “By command
                                        Army of Northern Virginia. He was
1892). Confederate Brigadier General.                                                                                        of Gen. Beauregard Thomas Jordan
                                        present at the surrender at
Signature on a card which is                                                                                                 A. Adj. Genl.” Fine.       $200 - up
                                        Appomattox. 4 1/2" x 2 3/4". Signa-
mounted to a larger sheet. 3 1/2" x 2
                                        ture on card with rank. “H. Heth,
1/4". “R. L. Gibson, New Orleans,                                                 * 118
                                        Late Maj. Genl. C.S.A., army of N.
La.” Excellent.             $200 - up                                             GEORGE D. JOHNSTON (1832 -
                                        Va.” Some light toning above the H.
                                                                                  1910). Confederate Brigadier General.
                                        in Heth. Otherwise Fine. $200 - up
                                                                                  Served with distinction at Stones
                                                                                  River and Chickamauga. Severely
                                                                                  wounded in the leg during the Battle
                                                                                  of Ezra Church, he continued his           * 122
                                                                                  command on crutches under Gen-             JAMES L. KEMPER (1823 - 1895).
                                                                                  eral Hood during the Tennessee cam-        Confederate Major General. Served
                                                                                  paign. Card signed with rank. 3 3/4"       as Governor of Virginia after the war.
                                                                                  x 2 1/2". “George D. Johnston, Brig.       Cut signature. 2 3/4" x 1". “J. L.
                                                                                  Genl. C.S.A.”. Very fine condition.        Kemper”. His rank of “Maj. Genel
                                                                                                              $200 - up      Comg.” was added in another hand.
    * 112                                                                                                                    Mounted to another sheet with a bit
    SAMUEL J. GHOLSON (1808 - 1883). Confederate Brigadier Gen-                                                              of glue show-through. Fine.
    eral. Signature cut from a hotel register. 8" x 2". “S. J. Gholson &                                                                                 $200 - up
    Lady, Aberdeen, Miss.” On blue paper.                       $700 - up




                                                                             20
                                                                                     Carolina Brigade, Pender’s Division,
                                                                                     A.P. Hill’s Corps. Yours very respect-
                                                                                     fully, James H. Lane.” The recipient’s
                                                                                     name has been erased out and over-
                                                                                     written with pencil causing some
                                                                                     thinning and a small hole. A nice
                                                                                     letter describing his service.
                                                                                                                 $300 - up



                                                                                                                                 L.L. LOMAX CUT SIGNED
                                                                                                                                      CARD WITH RANK
                                                                                                                               * 130
                                                                                                                               LUNSFORD L. LOMAX (1835 -
                                                                                     * 127                                     1913). Confederate Major General.
                                                                                     EVANDER M. LAW (1836 - 1920).             Fought at Gettysburg. Led a brigade
                                                                                     Confederate Major General. Cut sig-       under Fitzhugh Lee during the Wil-
                                           * 125                                     nature. 3" x 1 1/2". “E. M. Law,          derness Campaign and later com-
* 123                                      LUCIUS Q. LAMAR (1825-1893).              Yorkville, S.C.”. Mouned to a larger      manded the Valley District.3 1/2" x 2
JOHN D. KENNEDY (1840 - 1896).             United States Secretary of the Inte-      sheet and displaying bleed-through        1/4". Cut signed card with rank. “L.L.
Confederate Brigadier General. He          rior and Associate Justice of the Su-     staining from glue on verso.              Lomax. Maj. Genl.” Some light age
served as Lt. Governor of South Caro-      preme Court. Manuscript Document                                     $300 - up      discoloration. Fine.        $175 - up
lina after the war. Scarce ALS on his      Signed, “L.Q.C. Lamar,” as Secretary
imprinted “Attorney at Law” letter-        of the Interior, on Department of
head. 1 page. 8 1/2" x 11". Camden,        the Interior stationery. One page, 7
S.C., Feb. 13th, 1895. To Robert Carter,   ¾” x 9 ¾”. “Washington.” April 27,
Esq., New York.                            1886. To “Hon. Charles F. Manderson,
“Excuse my not replying to yours           Chairman, Committee on printing,
of Jany. 16 earlier. I have been much      U.S. Senate.” The document reads:
engaged. If I had a photograph of                                                    * 128
myself in uniform, I would send it,        “Sir, In compliance with your request,    STEPHEN DILL LEE (1833 -
but the only one I had was destroyed       which was received on the 23d in-         1908). Lieutenant General. Served at      * 131
in a fire some time ago. It would          stant, there is returned herewith, cor-   2nd Manassas and Sharpsburg. Sent         ARMISTEAD L. LONG (1825 -
afford me pleasure to ( ) you. If I        rected to date, the portion of the        West and commanded a division at          1891). Confederate Brigadier General.
had my correspondence during the           Congressional Directory relating to       the Battle of Chickasaw Bayou. Taken      Long became blind after the war
war, but what ever let after Sherman’s     the officers of the Department of         prisoner at the surrender of              though wrote “Memoirs of Robert
raid, was destroyed as above, also.        the Interior. Very respectfully, L.Q.C.   Vicksburg, he was exchanged and           E. Lee, Hist Military and Personal
Yours truly, J. D. Kennedy”. A fine        Lamar Secretary.”            $150 - up    placed in command of the cavalry at       History”. Card Signed. 4" x 2 1/4".
letter to an admirer with with inter-                                                the Dept. of Alabama in Mississippi.      “Armistead L. Long”. Excellent.
esting commentary concerning the                                                     In 1864, he assumed Hood’s Corps in                                   $200 - up
destruction of his correspondence                                                    the Army of Tennessee, which be-
during Sher man’s raid. There are                                                    came known as Lee’s Corps. A highly
three punch holes at the left margin                                                 desirable Confederate autograph.
from being placed in a binder. Oth-                                                  TLS. 8 1/2" x 7". On Agricultural and
erwise, excellent.           $300 - up                                               Mechanical College Letterhead, Ex-
                                                                                     ecutive Department: General S. D. Lee,
                                                                                     President. Mississippi, Jany. 20, 1896.
                                                                                     Addressed to a Mr. Geo. B. Loucks,
                                                                                     Troy N.Y., “I enclose the constitu-
                                                                                     tion and bylaws of teh U.C.V. The
                                                                                     organization was effected June 10th,
                                                                                     1889. I am not a relation of Gen.
                                                                                     Robert E. Lee’s. I wish I were. Yours
                                                                                                                               * 132
                                                                                     truly, S.D. Lee”. Excellent.
                                                                                                                               MANSFIELD LOVELL (1822 –
                                                                                                                  $300 - up
                                                                                                                               1884). A West Point graduate, he en-
* 124                                      * 126                                                                               tered the CS service as a Major Gen-
JOSEPH B. KERSHAW (1822 -                  JAMES H. LANE (1833 - 1907).                                                        eral on October 7, 1861. 3” x 2 ½”.
1894). Confederate Major General.          Confederate Brigadier General.                                                      Signature cut from a larger docu-
Card signed with rank. 3 1/4" x 2". “J.    Present at the surrender at                                                         ment. “respectfully forwarded rec-
B. Kershaw, Maj. Genl. Mounted to a        Appomattox. ALS. A page. Virginia                                                   ommend that the …be temporarily
larger sheet with some light discol-       Agr. & Mechl. College, Blacksburg,                                                  attached. M. Lovell, Maj. Genl. Cmy.”
oration at center from mounting glue.      Jany 9, 1880. Lane writes in response                                               Light soiling and mounting traces on
Fine.                       $750 - up      to an autograph seeker; “Your letter      * 129
                                                                                                                               verso. Fine.                $200 - up
                                           asking for my autograph has been          ROBERT D. LILLY (1836 - 1886).
                                           received. It gives me pleasure to fur-    Confederate Brigadier General. Cut
                                           nish it & to inform you that I be-        signature with sentiment from the
                                           longed to the Army of Northern            conclusion of a letter. 3" x 1 1/2".
                                           Virginia & was in the Pennsylvania        “Very truly yours, Robt. D. Lilley”
                                           Campaign in command of a North            Very Scarce. Fine.         $400 - up


                                                                                 21
                                                                                     rn Theatre of Operations. Cut Sig-       survivors.” Nice ALS inadmiration
                                                                                     nature. ”dmd. W. Pettus, Alabama”        of his deceased wife. Excellent.
                                                                                     on a 6 1/2” x 1 3/4” slip of paper.                                $250 - up
                                                                                     Fine.                     $250 - up

* 133
HYLAN B. LYON (1836 - 1907).
Confederate Brigadier General com-
manded a cavalry brigade under Gen-
eral Forrest. 5 1/2" x 2 12". Signature                                                                                       * 142
cut from a larger document written                                                                                            WILLIAM ANDREW QUARLES
in purple ink. “I have the honor to                                                  * 139                                    (1825 - 1893). Confederate Brigadier
be very Respectfully your obdt Servt.                                                EDWARD A. O’NEAL(1818 -                  General. Captured at Fort Donelson,
H.B Lyon, Brig. Genl. C.S.A.” En-                                                    1890). Confederate Brigadier General.    he was exchanged. Served at Port
capsulated in a heavy plastic holder,                                                Wounded twice, at Seven Pines and        Hudson and in the Vicksburg cam-
mounting traces on verso. Very Fine.                                                 at Brownsboro. Fought with distinc-      paign. Captured during the Battle of
                              $500 - up                                              tion at Chancellorsville & Gettysburg.   Franklin. 5 1/2" x 1 3/4". Cut signa-
                                                                                     Governor of Alabama. 4 3/4" x 2".        ture. “Respectfully, W.A. Quarles”.
                                             A NICE ASSOCIATION OF                   Signature cut from a larger docu-        Glue stains from a previous mount-
                                                TWO CONFEDERATE                      ment. “I am Genl, very truly your        ing. Very Good.            $200 - up
                                                       GENERALS                      obt. servant. E.A. O’Neal”. Glued to
                                          * 137                                      a backing paper. Fine.      $200 - up
                                          JOSEPH B. PALMER (1815 -
                                          1890). Confederate Brigadier General.
                                          Captured at Ft. Donelson, later ex-
                                          changed and fought with distinction
* 134                                     at Murfreesboro. Wounded at least                                                   * 143
EDWARD A. PERRY (1831 - 1889).            five times during the war. 7 “ x 9”.                                                DANIEL H. REYNOLDS (1832 -
Confederate Brigadier General, he         ALS dated Murfreesburo, Tenn. Dec.                                                  1902). Confederate Brigadier General.
was severely wounded during the           21, 1878. Written to Gen. M.J.                                                      Cut signature from the conclusion
Seven Days Battles and at the Wilder-     WRIGHT (1831 - 1922). Confeder-            * 140                                    of a letter. 4" x 1 1/4". “Respectfully,
ness. After the war he became the         ate Brigadier General. Fought with         JOHN S. PRESTON (1809 - 1881).           D. H. Reynolds”. Monted to another
Governor of Florida from 1885-1889.       distinction at Chickamauga & Chatta-       Brigadier General. Commanded the         sheet. Fine.                 $250 - up
4 1/4" x 2 1/2". Signature on card.       nooga. In 1878, he was appointed           Bureau of Conscription. 2 3/4" x 2".
“E.A. Perry”. Mounting traces on          Agent of the Confederate Archives.         Cut signature with rank and closing
verso. Fine.                $200 - up     This letter written in response to Gen.    sentiment tipped on paper. “Very Re-
                                          Wright’s request for a photograph and      spectfully your obl servt Jno S.
                                          autograph of Gen. Palmer’s presum-         Preston Col Act. Gen.” On blue pa-
                                          ably for the Confederate Archives.         per. In excellent conditon. $330 - up
                                          “Dr. Genl: I will with pleasure fur-
                                          nish to you for the uses named in
                                          your letter, my photograph and au-
                                          tograph. Allow me however to
                                          trouble you first with the
* 135                                     inquiry whether it is desired that the
ALBERT PIKE (1809 - 1891). Con-           photograph be taken in Confed. uni-
federate Brigadier General. Ap-           form, or in civilian dress. The latter I
pointed General to negotiate a treaty     prefer - but wish to conform to your
with the Five Nations Indians, he later   wishes - and the course pursued by
resigned, feeling that the Confed-        others in this respect. Please advise
eracy had unfairly used them in the       me - with great respect I am General,
war. Cut signature. 4 1/2" x 2 3/4".      Your Friend & Servant, J. B. Palmer.”
“Albert Pike, Washington, October         Rough left edge, fold split repaired
10, 1889”. Excellent.       $200 - up                                                                                         * 144
                                          with archival tape on verso. Tipped
                                                                                                                              ROBERT V. RICHARDSON
                                          to an 8 1/2" x 11" album page with
                                                                                                                              (1820 - 1870). Confederate Brigadier
                                          mounting traces on verso. Fine.
                                                                                                                              General. DS. 1 page. 7 3/4" x 9 3/4".
                                                                        $500 - up
                                                                                                                              February 15, 1858. A partly-printed
                                                                                     * 141
                                                                                                                              appeal bond for $28 in which
                                                                                     ROGER A. PRYOR (1828 - 1919).
                                                                                                                              Richardson and others have appealed
                                                                                     Confederate Brigadier General. He
* 136                                                                                                                         a Shelby County, Tennesse judge-
                                                                                     led his brigades at Seven Days &
WILLIAM H. PAYNE (1830 - 1904).                                                                                               ment against them. Signed at lower
                                                                                     Sharpsburg. 5 1/4" x 6 3/4". ALS.
Confederate Brigadier General. A                                                                                              right by Richardson. Couple of very
                                          * 138                                      Written on 3 West 69th Street (NY)
cavalry commander, he was wounded                                                                                             minor fold separations at margin. A
                                          EDMUND W. PETTUS (1821 –                   Letterhead. April 2, 1915. “My dear
and captured a total of three times.                                                                                          scarce document signed by this Con-
                                          1907) Confederate General who,             Mr. Blodgett; Your praise of Mrs.
Cut signature with rank. 5 3/4" x 2".                                                                                         federate general who was assassinated
                                          though captured at Port Hudson and         Pryor the author is well deserved;
“William H. Payne, Brig. Genl. C.S.A.,                                                                                        in 1870. Fine.             $500 - up
                                          again at Vicksburg, managed, when          but Mrs. Mrs. Pryor the wife was even
Stuarts & Fitz Lees Division”. Tipped
                                          released on parole, to rejoin the Con-     more admirable; and the compan-
to a backing paper with mounting
                                          federate Army in time to fight with        ionship of sixty four years
traces on verso. Very Fine. $300 - up
                                          distinction with Hood in the West          impressioned her broken hearted

                                                                                22
* 145
ROSEWELL S. RIPLEY (1823 -
1887). Confederate Brigadier General.
In command of South Carolina until
                                                                                   * 153                                     * 157
1862. Served under D. H. Hill at         * 149
                                                                                   ALFRED M. SCALES (1827 –                  JAMES E. SLAUGHTER (1827 -
Sharpsburg where he was severely         THOMAS L. ROSSER (1836 -
                                                                                   1892). Confederate Brigadier General.     1901). Confederate Brigadier General.
wounded. 4" x 1 1/2". Cut signature.     1910). Confederate Brigadier General.
                                                                                   Served      at      Seven      Days,      Commanded the last Confederate en-
“Yours affectionately R.S. Ripley”.      Card signed with rank. 3 1/2" x 2 1/
                                                                                   Chancellorsville and Gettysburg.          gagement of the war. Card signed. 4
Two glue stains from previous            4". “Thos. L. Rosser, Major Genl:
                                                                                   Served as North Carolina Governor         1/2" x 2 3/4". “Jas. E. Slaughter”.
mounting. Very Good.       $250 - up     C.S.A.” Excellent.          $300 - up
                                                                                   in 1884. Cut signature. 3 1/2" x 2 1/     Some light bleed-through of glue as
                                                                                   4" tipped to an 8 1/2" x 11" album        a result of being mounted to another
                                                                                   page. “A. M. Scales of Greensboro,        sheet. Fine.                $200 - up
                                                                                   N. Ca.” Some surface soiling. Fine.
                                                                                                               $100 - up




* 146
WILLIAM P. ROBERTS. (1841 -              * 150
1910). Confederate Brigadier General.    DANIEL RUGGLES (1810 - 1897)
Roberts was the youngest Confeder-       Confederate brigadier general who         * 154
ate general. Signature cut from an       led a corps at Shiloh, later serving      PAUL SEMMES (1815-1863). Con-
autograph album page. 5 1/2" x 2 1/      under Bragg, Van Dorn, and Joseph         federate brigadier general who com-
4". “William P. Roberts”. Scarce. Ex-    E. Johnston. Cut signature with rank.     manded a brigade at Seven Pines and
cellent.                    $350 - up    4" x 1 3/4" tipped to a slightly larger   in the Seven Days, defended Marye’s
                                         backing paper. “Very Respectfully,        Height at Fredericksburg, and was
                                         your obedt. servt. Daniel Ruggles,        killed at the Wheatfield at Gettysburg.
                                         Brig. Genl. C.S.A. Comdg. Dist.” Very     3 1/2" x 1 1/4". War date cut signa-
                                         Fine.                       $200 - up     ture with rank. “Disapproved, Paul J.
                                                                                   Semmes, Brig. Gen. 26, Apl. 63”. Very
                                                                                   Fine.                        $500 - up
* 147
BEVERLY H. ROBERTSON
(1827 - 1910). Confederate Brigadier
General. Served with Stonewall Jack-     * 151
son in the Shenandoah Valley cam-        ALBERT RUST (1818-1870). Con-
paign and Longstreet at Knoxville.       federate brigadier general who served
Surrendered with Johnston on April       under Robert E. Lee and Stonewall
                                                                                   * 155                                     * 158
25, 1865. Cut signature. 4 1/4" x 1 1/   Jackson. Saw action at Corinth and
                                                                                   CHARLES M. SHELLEY (1833 -                GUSTAVUS W. SMITH (1821 -
4". “Ver y Respectfully, B. H.           later served in the west under
                                                                                   1907). Confederate Brigadier General.     1896). Confederate Major General. As-
Robertson”. Tipped to a backing pa-      Hindman., Pemberton and Taylor. 5
                                                                                   Signature cut from an autograph al-       sumed Johnston’s command after the
per with glue residue on verso. Boldy    1/2" x 1 1/2". Cut signature tipped
                                                                                   bum page. 5 1/4" x 2". “C. M. Shelley,    latter was wounded at Seven Pines,
signed and Fine.             $200 - up   to an 8 1/2" x 11" album page.
                                                                                   Selma, Ala.” Mounted to another           himself being replaced by Robert E.
                                         “A.Rust, Little Rock Arks.” Very Fine.
                                                                                   sheet. Couple of bleed-through spots      Lee after being stricken with illness.
                                                                     $200 - up
                                                                                   as a result of being mounted to an-       Smith served as Acting Secretary of
                                                                                   other sheet. Fine.         $200 - up      War for two months. ALS. 1 page. 5"
                                                                                                                             x 8". New York City, May 16, 1889.
                                                                                                                             Smith responds to a request for in-
                                                                                                                             formation informing the inquirer it
                                                                                                                             can be found “in the first volume of
* 148                                                                                                                        the ‘War Book’ - ‘Battles and Leaders
PHILIP D. RODDEY (1826 -                                                                                                     of the Civil War’ recently published
1897). Confederate Brigadier General.                                                                                        by the ‘Century Magazine Co.’ Union
Signature cut from the conclusion                                                                                            Square. Yours Respectfully, Gustavus
of a letter. “Very Respectfully, P. D.   * 152                                     * 156                                     W. Smith”. Very Fine.       $350 - up
Roddy”. Extensive bleed-through of       ISAAC M. ST. JOHN (1827 - 1880).          FRANCIS A. SHOUP (1834 - 1896).
glue as a result of being mounted to     Confederate Brigadier General. Sig-       Confederate Brigadier General. Card
another sheet.              $200 - up    nature cut from the conclusion of a       signed with rank. “F. A. Shoup, Brig.
                                         letter. 2 1/2" x 3/4". “Very Respy., I.   Genl. C.S.A.” In blue ink. Light rust
                                         M. St. John”. Mounted to another card.    stain from a paperclip in upper left
                                         Fine.                       $200 - up     not affecting signature. Fine.
                                                                                                               $150 - up



                                                                               23
                                          alry brigade in the Shenandoah. Aided
                                          Davis in his escape southward. 3 1/
                                          4" x 1 1/4" mounted to a larger sheet
                                          of paper measuring 8 1/2" x 11" over-
                                          all. Endorsement with rank and clos-
                                          ing sentiment on light blue paper. “I
                                          am very respectfully your obt. servt.
                                                                                                                             * 168
                                          John C. Vaughn”. Age toning and
                                                                                                                             PIERCE M. B. YOUNG (1836 -
                                          ink spot at rank. Very Good.
                                                                                                                             1896). Confederate Brigadier General.
                                                                       $250 -up
                                                                                                                             Signature cut from the conclusion
* 159                                                                                                                        of a letter. 4 1/4" x 1 1/2". “I am as
EDWARD DORR TRACY (1833 -                                                                                                    ever, Your sincere friend, P.M.B.
1863). Confederate Brigadier General.                                                                                        Young”. Mounted to another sheet.
Fought at Shiloh. Was killed in ac-                                                                                          Fine.                        $200 - up
tion on May 1, 1863 while leading his
troops at the Battle of Port Gibson. 3                                                                                            CONFEDERATE
                                                                                   * 165
1/2" x 2 1/2" tipped to an 8 1/2" x                                                                                            POSTMASTER GENERAL
                                                                                   REUBEN L. WALKER (1827 -
11" sheet. Autograph endorsement                                                                                               AND SECRETARY OF THE
                                                                                   1890). Confederate Brigadier General.
signed with rank. “Approved and re-                                                                                                  TREASURY
                                                                                   ALS. 1 page. 7 3/4" x 9". On a trimmed
spectfully forwarded E.D. Tracy Brig                                               letterhead which has suffered loss
Genl. comdg. 2 Brigade S.D.” A rare       * 162
                                          HENRY H. WALKER (1832 - 1912).           of the header text. “Please send me a
Confederate autograph. Excellent                                                   barrel of Lard oil & bale of waste,
condition.                   $350 - up    Confederate Brigadier General. Se-
                                          verely wounded at Gaines Mill, he        Very Respectfully yr. obt. Servt. R. L.
                                          later fought at Bristoe Station and in   Walkder, Cm. & Eng., Selma & Gulf
                                          the Mine Run campaign. He was            RR.” Mounted to another sheet. A
                                          again wounded at Spotsylvania Court      scarce Confederate general.$500 - up
                                          House. Signature on a card. “3 ” x 2
                                          1/8". “H. H. Walker, C. S. Army” Ex-
                                          cellent.                     $300 - up




                                                                                   * 166
* 160                                                                              JOHN S. WILLIAMS (1818 - 1898).
DAVID EMANUEL TWIGGS                                                               Confederate Brigadier General. 4" x
(1790 - 1862). Confederate Major                                                   1 3/4". Card signed. “John S. Will-
General. A career military man, Twiggs    * 163                                    iams, Mt. Sterling, Ky.” Mounted to       * 169
served in the War of 1812, the Semi-      JAMES A. WALKER (1832 - 1901).           another card. Excellent. $200 - up        JOHN H. REAGAN. (1818-1905).
nole and Black Hawk wars and the          Confederate Brigadier General. Card                                                Confederate States Postmaster Gen-
Mexican war. He was appointed Ma-         signed with rank. 4" x 2 1/4". “James                                              eral and Secretary of the Treasury.
jor General in the Confederate Army       A. Walker, Brig. Genl. C. S. Army”.                                                Typed Letter Signed, “John H.
in May of 1861. Commanded the             Mounted to another sheet. Excellent.                                               Reagan,” on Railroad Commission
District of Louisiana until his retire-                               $250 - up                                              of Texas stationery bearing the state
ment during the war. DS. 7 3/4" x 6                                                                                          seal of Texas. One page, 8 3/8” x 11”.
1/4". Partly printed Field Report, 2d                                                                                        Austin. September 26, 1900. To “Ellis
Dragoons, Commanded by Co. David                                                                                             D. Robb, Esq. Eldora, Iowa.” Reagan
E. Twiggs. Station Corpus Christie                                                                                           writes: “Dear Sir:- An answer to you
Texas, December 31st, 1845. Atten-                                                                                           letter of August 29 th had been de-
dance record stating numbers                                                                                                 layed by my absence. I have no auto-
present, absent, on leave etc. signed                                                                                        graph paper from Mr. Davis which I
“D.E. Twiggs” and “Henry H. Sibley”.                                                                                         can spare from my files. Sorry that I
HENRY H. SIBLEY (1816 - 1886).                                                                                               cannot comply with you wish. Very
Confederate Brigadier General; in-                                                                                           respectfully, John H. Reagan.”
ventor of the Sibley tent. Very Fine.
                             $350 - up    * 164                                                                              During the Civil War, John H. Reagan
                                          JOHN G. WALKER (1822 - 1893).                                                      served as the first, and only, Confed-
                                          Confederate Major General. Fought                                                  erate postmaster general. A close and
                                          with the Army of Northern Virginia       * 167
                                                                                                                             trusted advisor, he remained by
                                          at Sharpsburg and Harpers Ferry. As      HENRY A. WISE (1806 - 1876).
                                                                                                                             Davis’ side until their final capture.
                                          Major General, Walker was trans-         Confederate Brigadier General. ALS.
                                                                                                                             After spending several month im-
                                          ferred to the Trans-Mississippi De-      1 page. Richmond, Va., Feby. 27, 1873.
                                                                                                                             prisoned in Boston Harbor, during
                                          partment. Signature on a card. 3 1/2"    On his imprinted law office letter-
* 161                                                                                                                        which time he advised his fellow
                                          x 2 2 1/2". “J. G. Walker, Sept. 22d,    head. To M. Bell, “I have the honor
JOHN C. VAUGHN (1824 - 1875).                                                                                                Texans to comply with Reconstruc-
                                          1890.” Excellent.           $250 - up    to comply with your request by sub-
Confederate Brigadier General.                                                                                               tion, Reagan was elected to the U.S.
                                                                                   scribing myself, Yours resptly, Henry
Served at Harpers Ferry and 1st                                                                                              House of Representatives and later
                                                                                   A. Wise.” Mounted to another sheet
Manassas. Captured at Vicksburg, ex-                                                                                         served in the Senate and on Texas’
                                                                                   of paper. Couple of light spots of
changed and later commanded a cav                                                                                            railroad commission.         $125 - up
                                                                                   browning. Fine.            $250 - up

                                                                              24
UNION GENERALS




* 170
JAMES MCPHERSON. (1828-
1864). Career U.S. Army officer and        MAJOR GENERAL HITCHCOCK WITH SUPERB CONTENT AND A HAND-DRAWN
Union General in the American Civil           LETTER OF THE YORKTOWN BATTERIES AND CIVIL WAR CAMPSITES
War. Document Signed, “Jas. B.
McPherson.” One page, 16” x 14 ¾”.               “WHERE THE OPERATIONS ARE GOING ON IS ONE VAST QUAGMIRE”
No place. “Second Quarter 1854.”        * 172
Document acknowledges articles of       ETHAN ALLEN HITCHCOCK (1798-1870) Major General in the Civil War. Grandson of American
clothing received of “Capt. George      Revolutionary War hero General Ethan Allen. Hitchcock became special adviser to the Secretary of War
W. Cullum, U.S. Engineers,” by mem-     from February 17, 1862. From March 17 to July 23, 1862, he served as the chairman of the War Board, the
bers of “Company A Engineers.”          organization that assisted President Abraham Lincoln and Secretary of War Stanton in the management of
Reinforced folds and small holes        the War Department and the command of the Union armies during the period in which there was no
along center fold, else very good.      general-in-chief. (Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan had been relieved of his responsibilities as general-in-
                         $450 - up      chief and Maj. Gen. Henry W. Halleck had not yet replaced him.) From November 1862 e served as
                                        Commissioner for Prisoner of War Exchange.
                                        [CIVIL WAR] Autograph Letter Signed. Washington City, April 20, 1862. 4 pp. 5" x 8". The celebrated
                                        General in a most significant period writes to his niece Mary with rich detail and content and includes a
                                        drawing which he warns Mary: “Don’t you laugh at my topographical accomplishments:”
                                        “...I believe I wrote to you a week since on the point of departure for the camp of McClellan where I passed part of the 16th and
                                        17th. I returned yesterday morning; and … This (Sunday) regret to find the weather bad, it makes the troops near
                                        Yorktown so uncomfortable. On the principle, first come first served, the enemy near Yorktown has
                                        taken the best positions and left the swamps to our troops.
                                        In the rainy season, only just now drawing to a close, the entire peninsula (almost) where the operations are going
         UNION BREVET                   on is one vast quagmire. Our troops entered the peninsula in the midst of one of the severest rain and
     BRIGADIER GENERAL                  sleet storms known the past season, And colonel Gault assured me that the roads were so bad that supplies could not
         WILLIAM LOUIS                  follow the troops, and that he himself had to go 29 hours without breaking his fast. I found things much improved in this respect,
          STOUGHTON                     and daily improving. The fight (skirmish) which was reported a day or since (the Vermont troops losing 32
* 171                                   or 35) men took place this day I reached the camp. Gen.McClellan, in the evening told me that the
WILLIAM                      LOUIS      move....was made in disobedience (so I understood him) of his orders. The enemy is pushed behind
STOUGHTON (1827-1888) Civil             a...branch of the Warwick river in which they control the depths of water by dams.
War Union Brevet Major General, US
                                        McClellan did not intend to pass that stream at that time, or at that point where the skirmish took place. But the troops,
Congressman. Served during the Civil
War as Colonel and commander of
                                        finding the stream fordable went over (under whose immediate orders does not appear) and the water
the 11th Michigan Volunteer Infan-
                                        was then deepened so that they were measurably cut off.”
try. He was brevetted Brigadier Gen-    The commander then draws a half-page picture of the peninsula, camps, and the enemy’s batteries.
eral, US Volunteers and Major Gen-
eral, US Volunteers on March 13, 1865   He continues: “It is against my rule to predict events in war. I give no opinion of matters before Yorktown further than to say
for “gallant and meritorious services   that McClellan apparently has the power to take the place…” With original stamped envelope to St. Louis
during the war”. Later Attorney Gen-    Missouri. In fie condition.                                                                                      $2,000 - up
eral of Michigan.. Clipped Signa-
ture: “Wm. L. Stoughton” 5”x 1¼”.
Accompanied by bio. Fine. $100 - up




                                                                              25
                                                                 BRIGADIER GENERAL ALFRED H. TERRY
                                                                   RECEIVES REASSIGNMENT ORDERS

                                                     THE DEFENSES OF CHARLESTON CAMPAIGN BEGINS
                                              * 173
                                              Special Military Orders #393, signed “Edw. Smith Asst. Adjt. Gen,” on Headquarter, Department of the
                                              South, Hilton Head, Port Royal, S.C.. One page, 7 ¾ X 9 ¾. Hilton Head, S.C. July 5, 1863. The orders read:
                                              “Brig. Gen. Alfred H. Terry is hereby relieved from Command of the Post at Hilton head and will report
                                              to the Brig. Genl. Commanding the Dept. for instructions. Col. Edwin Metcalf 3d R.I. Vols. Will relieve
                                              Brig Gen. Terry and assume command of the past at Hilton head”
                                              After being removed from command at Hilton Head, General Terry took command of Union forces with
                                              orders to lure Confederate troops from their positions at Fort Wagner. Successful in this dangerous
                                              mission, Terry opened the way for a massive Union assault on the Confederate stronghold. Though a
                                              tactical defeat, this battle, which served as the basis for the film Glory, proved to be a political victory for
                                              the Union since the valor of the 54th proved the worth of black soldiers and spurred additional recruit-
                                              ments that gave the Union Army a important numerical advantage.                                       $300 - up




                                                    OLIVER HOWARD, THE NAME SAKE OF HOWARD UNIVERSITY,
                                              AS SECRETARY OF THE LINCOLN CENTENNIAL ENDOWMENT COMMITTEE

                                                                                      * 175
                                                                                      OLIVER O. HOWARD. Autograph Letter Signed, “O.O. Howard”,
                                                                                      On pictorial stationery of “The Lincoln Centennial Endowment
                                                                                      Committee organized for the purpose of raising five hundred thou-
                                                                                      sand dollars endowment for Lincoln Memorial University.” One
                                                                                      page, 8½x11. “Burlington, Vermont.” July 6, 1909. To “Mr. W.A. Jacobs,
                                                                                      832 Franklin Street, Johnstown, Pa.” Howard writes:

                                                                                      “Dear Mr. Jacobs:- President Taft has been here and now that he is
                                                                                      gone I hasten to answer letters. Your book came all right and I am very
                                                                                      grateful to you. I shall be very happy to have you dedicate the next
                                                                                      edition to me if you so desire. Wishing you every success, I remain,
                                                                                      Sincerely yours, O.O. Howard”
* 174                                                                                 During the Civil War, Gen. Oliver Howard lost his right arm at Fair
HENRY WARNER SLOCUM.                                                                  Oaks saw battle at Chancellorsville and Gettysburg and also com-
(1827-1894). Union general during the                                                 manded the Army of the Tennessee in Sherman’s march to the sea.
American Civil War and an Ameri-                                                      Following the war, he was first Commissioner of the Freedmans
can politician. Autograph Letter               Bureau, a federal agency designed to assist Black Americans in their transition from slavery to freedom.
Signed, “ H.W. Slocum,” on 465                 Additionally, Howard was a founder and the third President of Howard University, a historically black
Clinton Avenue, Brooklyn, N.Y. let-            college located in Washington, D.C. In 1874, he retired from both positions, later serving as Superinten-
terhead. One page, 5” x 8 1/8”. Brook-         dent of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point (1881-1882) and President of Lincoln Memorial Univer-
lyn. “Oct. 22,” no year. To “My dear           sity.                                                                                           $300 - up
Mr.” Slocum writes:
“My dear Mr. I fully intended to have
been present at your installation, but     GENERAL LAZELLE COM-                     Georgeville, Quebec Province, Au-             measured…Spotsylvania Court House
I have had a very severe cold for two     MENTS ON THE CIVIL WAR                    gust 31, 1911. 5 pp. 7¾ x 10”. The            and Kenesaw Mountain were unnecessary
week- have been to Lakewood to try                                                  aged General pens an essay/letter             exhibitions of the slaughter of men –
a change of air- I did not feel able to     “the history of the civil war can       which begins My Dear Mr. Norris.              Chancellorsville of a great blunder
go our on the 18- Yours Truly H.W.                         never                    What follows is what reads more as            by a half intoxicated Commander
Slocum.” After serving as one of the           be fairly written with good          an essay on the Civil War. Superb             who provided neither scouts nor
youngest major generals in the                           result…”                   content                     throughout:       screen of cavalry…”
American Civil War, Slocum, in ad-        * 176                                     “The experiance (sic) of several years in
dition to serving as a lawyer and Con-    HENRY MARTYN LAZELLE (ca.                 charge of the publication of the records of   In 1887, Lazelle was in charge of the
gressman, was appointed president         1833-1917) Military officer. First com-   the Rebellion convinced me that the his-      publication of the official records
of the department of the city works       manding officer at Fort Bliss, Texas;     tory of the civil war can never be            of the Civil War. As colonel of the
in Brooklyn. In this post, Slocum was     Survived two severe chest wounds          fairly written with good result as            Eighteenth Infantry, he was again in
involved in many civic improve-           from fighting Mescalero Apaches in        they are not traced to their real             Texas, as commander at Fort Clark,
ments including work on the Brook-        1859. P.O.W. for over a year in the       sources – campaigns may be de-                from 1889 to 1894. In April 1904 he
lyn Bridge, which bears a bronze tab-     Civil War. Brevetted major in 1864.       scribed and battles gloried or                retired as a brigadier general. Remark-
let honoring his efforts. Fine condi-                                               mourned over, but minor funda-                able military perspective written with
tion.                         $150 - up   Autograph         Letter      Signed.     mental         can        never         be    a powerful pen.               $250 - up

                                                                               26
                                                                                                                  A UNION SOLDIER AT THE
                                                                                                                     SIEGE OF RICHMOND
                                                                                                                             BEMOANS:
                                                                                                                   “IT IS HARD TO SEE THE
                                                                                                                       BOYS FALLING ALL
                                                                                                                 AROUND ME THE BULLETS
                                                                                                                 FLYING LIKE HALE STONES
                                                                                                                 ALL AROUND ME AND I AM
                                                                                                                     SPARED AND I HOPE I
                                                                                                                     SHALL BE SPARED TO
                                                                                                                     RETURN HOME ONCE
                                                                                                                 MORE. IT IS HARD TO BE A
                                                                                                                    SOLDIER. THERE IS NO
                                                                                                                 TIME THAT HE IS SURE OF
                                                                                                                             HIS LIFE.”
                                                                                                                 * 180
                                                                            LESS THAN TWO WEEKS                  Three pages, 4 ¾” x 7 ¾”. “Head-
                                                                                    AFTER THE                    quarters in the field Near Richmond
                                                                            CONFEDERATE ATTACK                   Va.” November 20, 1864
                                                                               ON FORT SUMTER,                   My Friend,
             THE PHOTOGRAPHER                                                   PROMINENT NEW
         OF THE ARMY OF THE POTOMAC                                           YORKERS FORM THE                   “…I have seen hard times this far 7
                                                                                “UNION DEFENCE                   months. I have been in a good many
* 177                                                                        COMMITTEE, OF THE                   battles and had hard fighting. It is
ALEXANDER GARDNER. (1821-1882). American photographer                         CITY OF NEW YORK.”                 hard to see the boys falling all around
who produced what are considered the finest Civil War battlefield        * 179                                   me the bullets flying like hale stones
views of the period. Exceptional Document Signed. Three pages, 7         [Civil War] Printed Document. Two       all around me and I am spared and I
¾” x 10”. “Washington.” May 9, 1866. The document announces to           pages, 8 ¼” x 10 ½”. “No. 30 Pine       hope I shall be spared to return home
Abner S. Brady, owner of a gymnasium, that the singers will offer        Street,” New York City. April 24,       once more. It is hard to be a soldier.
him a function at a theater to include a gymnastic exhibition. Signed    1861. Prominent committee mem-          There is no time that he is sure of
by ALEXANDER GARDNER and a number of other Washington                    bers noted on this document in-         his life. We are here in front of
notables. These include, fellow photograph JOHN GOLDIN; ELY              clude, John A. Dix, Moses H.            Richmond doing picket duty…We
PARKER, Ford’s Theater treasurer H. CLAY FORD, WARD LAMON,               Grinnell, William m. Evarts, James      have lost the most of Co F. We draw
WILLIAM E. CHANDLER and about twenty others.                             T. Brady, John J. Cisco, Moses Tay-     rations for twenty seven men all told.
Some blue glue traces on verso of one page, light dampstaining to        lor, Edwards Pierrepont, Hamilton       Our Capt was killed at Petersburg.
text, else good.                                          $2,500 - up    Fish, and John Jacob Astor.             We have another Capt. E. B. Smith.
                                                                         The document reads, in part: “Sir: at   He is at home on furlough now.”
                                                                         a meeting of the citizens of New                                     $250 - up
                                                                         York, held on Saturday, 20th inst., a
                                                                         committee was appointed to repre-
                                                                         sent the citizens in the collection
                                                                         of funds, and the transaction of         A UNION SOLDIER IN THE
  GENERAL ALFRED CUMMINGS IS REASSIGNED TO                                                                        TRENCHES AT THE SIEGE
                                                                         such other business in the aid of
  MISSISSIPPI LEAVING THE ARMY OF TENNESSEE                                                                             OF PETERSBURG
                                                                         the movements of the Government
               WITHOUT ITS COMMANDER                                                                             * 181
                                                                         as the public interests might require
* 178                                                                                                            Three pages, 4 7/8” x 8”. “Head quar-
                                                                         … they will be happy to receive any
Autograph Letter Signed twice, “S.C. Wilkerson” and “Simon.” Four                                                ters … Near Petersburgh Va.” July 9,
                                                                         communications of information,
pages, 6 ¼” x 8 ¼”. “Camp 18th Ala. Rgt. Allisonia, Tenn.” May 13,                                               1864:
                                                                         advice, or suggestion on the subject
1863. To “My dear Wife.” Wilkerson writes, in part:
                                                                         of the present state of public af-
“My Dear Wife, I have written to you three letters, since I came to                                              “My own dear Mary…We are still in
                                                                         fairs … They beg to be advised of
camp, and have not received or heard one word from you since I                                                   front of Petersburgh the line of Pits
                                                                         the organization of any similar
left you some twelve days since … I think there will be a change                                                 that our Brigade occupy and almost
                                                                         Committees of citizens with which
on our Brig. since Gen. Cummings has been ordered to Miss. We                                                    within stones throw of the rebel.
                                                                         they may put themselves in com-
may remain as we are and have an other Gen. to take command                                                      There was very sharp firing all along
                                                                         munication…”
without any change. This will hardly be done unless come Col of                                                  the lines—yesterday afternoon, but I
the Brig can get promotion and be assigned to this command                                                       cannot learn as it amounted to much.
                                                                         Though a minor military engage-
which I think very doubtful. I hope we will stay as we are and                                                   The report is though that the Rebels
                                                                         ment, the Confederate bombard-
things may soon get so I can send for my dear little wife … It                                                   tried to advance on some portions
                                                                         ment of Fort Sumter in April of
would be so pleasant to have you spend the summer up here if I                                                   of the lines, but there was nothing
                                                                         1861 rent the nation in twain and
could only know there would be no danger of having you dis-                                                      of the kind in front of where we
                                                                         ignited the long and costly Ameri-
turbed by the Yankees. The health of our men is not as good as it                                                were stationed and I hardly think that
                                                                         can Civil War. Dated just two weeks
was when we left Mobile. I can see nothing here to cause sickness.                                               they did anywhere….I shall have to
                                                                         after this historic engagement, out
I think the most of the sickness we have was caused by the men                                                   close as I have got to go away. Please
                                                                         document provides a reminder of
being so much exposed after leaving such good and comfortable                                                    excuse the shortness of this letter as
                                                                         the alacrity with which enthusiastic
quarters. …Your affect. husband in haste Simon.“ Fine. $300 - up                                                 it is business before pleasure with
                                                                         Unionists jumped to the aid of the
                                                                         Federal government at this unnerv-      us here.”                    $200 - up
                                                                         ing moment in America’s history.
                                                                                                    $250 - up

                                                                        27
                                                    A FASCINATING CIVIL WAR LOT
                                          With no stamp – and postage due.                mile of here / they was fiting (sic) most two    now / there has ben one man shot in
                                          He had been taken a Prisoner of War             week to see who should hold the railroad.        our camp since I have been here he
                                          December 10. Three more letters                 Our folks tore up about fifteen miles            was from Maine / he deserted and
                                                                                          of the track and still hold the road.            went to the rebbels and then was
                                          would follow: Two from his cap-                 Charlie Buterfield was taken pris-               taken prisoner with some rebs and
                                          tain, John D. Reed, who in August of            oner. Henry Littlefield was killed               brought back into camp and shot.
                                          64 himself was wounded at Weldon                / Oscar Bolcomb and William                      We lay on the ground night before
                                          Railroad, VA, and one from the U.S.             Garfield and Mills are here. There               last their was about five thousand
                                          Christian Commission with the sad                                                                with is with no shelter but our
                                          words: Come Soon: “he may not                   is fifteen in the Natick company left.           blankets…it is the poorest kind of hard
                                          live.” Kemp had been paroled “by                George Moulton has not been to the com-          tack and pork…General Warren
                                          flag of truce” and was now lingering            pany sence he was at home / the soldiers         drove the rebs about five miles and
                                          in the Annapolis, Indiana General               say that he shot his toe himself they            holds his post there was a string of
                                          Hospital. He would die of disease               said he was not in any fight when
* 182                                     one month after the close of the                they come into battle…the doctor told            wagon for two days going past here
   16 LETTERS, MOST WITH                  war.                                            him he shot himself…now we are in the fifth      with wounded men …”
    ENVELOPES - FROM A                    Most letters have the original stamped          army corps…the whole regiment numbers
  WATERTOWN SHOEMAKER                     envelope with them. Kemp begins                 1,20 men..”
 TURNED SOLDIER WHO WAS                   his first letter from Galloups Island,                                                           Nov. 4th 1864. 3 pp. Camp near Pe-
 CAPTURED BY THE ENEMY –                  Boston as he is about to leave:                 Sept.18. Camp near Petersburg. 2½                tersburg. “…I have moved three times since
   LATER DIED OF DISEASE                                                                  pp. “…we have Salt Pork and hard tack            I wrote before…we don’t have any no-
 INCLUDING A LETTER FROM                  Aug 5, 1864: Galloups Island “…I ex-            two days and fresh beef and soft bread / one     tice only to pack up everything and
 RICHFIELD PRISON – RICH IN               pected to come home Tuesday when I went         day our bed is four crutches drove               start / there was a battle here about
         CONTENT                          away after I enlisted and sworn in, they        down and small poles laid across                 a week ago where I could hear it
                                          would not let me come…I sent you                and spread our blanket…I should send             plain and see the smoke of the guns
“OUR FOLKS TORE UP ABOUT FIFTEEN MILES    100.00…If I had known I couldn’t I should       my picture but there is no chance this side of   / I don’t think we shall have to come into
OF THE TRACK AND STILL HOLD THE ROAD…”    not enlist …two thousand soldiers               city point….” On U.S. Christian Com-             battle this fall / when there is a battle we
                                          here about 300 Germans…”                        mission letterhead with Accompa-                 have to move up and do picket duty…we
“…THERE IS NINE PIECES OF CANNON IN                                                       nying printed envelope “Soldier’s                are about four miles from Peters-
HERE AND ABOUT 2000 SOLDIERS …            Aug 10, 1864: Dear Wife…I send you one          Letter” with dove carrying letter vi-            burg…”
I COULD HEAR THE MINNY BALLS AND SHELLS   hundred dollars in this letter. I want you to   gnette
WHISTLE VERY LIVELY”                      put it in Newton Bank…don’t want you to                                                          Nov. 14, Camp of the 39th Mass Vol,
                                          pay any bills for you may want all the money    Oct. 3. Fort Dushane, Va. 3 ½ pp.                Near the Weldon Railroad. 2½ pp.
“YOUR HUSBAND GOT BROT OUT AND STOPPED    yourself…When I come home I will bring a        “…we moved into the fort Friday / there          “…we are in sight of the of the
TO                                REST    good present…” 1 ½ p. with envelope;            is nine pieces of Cannon in here                 rebs picket / we change papers with them
WE SUPPOSE THAT THE GUERILLAS PICKED      an Alexandria Virginia postal mark              and about two thousand soldiers                  most everyday / there is not much fireing on
HIM UP…”                                  with nice bullseye postal mark as well.         and any quantity outside we are sta-             the line we have a good time on picket /there
                                                                                          tioned here to protect the fort / I              is ten of us in a pit and the pits about six
“I AM IN RICHMOND A PRISONER…DIRECT       Aug 19: “The transport is here…We               have ben out wunce where I could                 rods apart…”
YOUR LETTER TO NATHAN KEMP PRISONER       are going to Alexandria…”                       hear the minny balls and shells
OF WAR…”                                                                                  whistle very lively / we expect to stay          Nov. 29, Camp near Petersburg. 2½
                                          Aug, 25th 1864. Camp Distribution,              here some time / there is a battle going         pp. “…our captain is named Read from
Coming to his country’s aid in late       Alexandria Va. 3¼ pp. Dear Wife:                on it commences Friday about noon                Somerville a first rate man General
summer, 1864, NATHAN S.                   “…We arrived here Tuesday night about           with in about one mile from here Friday          Crawford Commandant our brigade
KEMP: (1824-1865)                         11 o’clock. We started from the Island Friday   night / we were ordered to lay with              and General Warren the fifth army
was a simple 40 year old Watertown        at half past 2 PM and arrived at Alexan-        our equipment on and our guns                    Core…we are cutting timber now
Mass shoemaker who enlisted as a          dria Tues at 1 PM and loaded and marched        loaded by our side / Friday morn-                to build winter houses we get plenty
Private in the cause of the great Civil   four miles to Camp and got to bed about 2       ing there was among as many as                   papers to read…two of us brought
War. As soon as he joined on August       o’clock in the morning. There was about         thirty thousand troops past here for             in five rebels that morning… “ On
2, he was mustered into “I” Co. of        one thousand aboard transport                   the battlefield / they have drove the            stationary with a “U.S. Sanitary Com-
the Mass 39th Infantry. This fascinat-    Herman Livingston …very                         rebs about 4 miles / our pickets are             mission” shield-stamp in top left.
ing archive of 14 letters bring to life   rough…it rained without any shel-               on the Danvil rail road there is any
his struggle in the few months after      ter but our blanket there was about             quantity wounded going by here                   Dec. 15th Camp front of Petersburg.
he joined, up until the time he was       four hundred Germans on bord                    every hour / the officers think this             1½ pp. “Mrs. Kemp, I have bad news for
captured by the Rebel Cavalry.            (sic) four of them jumped over-                 will be about the last battle this               you which I am very sorry for: We started on
                                          board to swim ashore, the gard fired            fall …we are about 250 miles beyond              A raid Dec, 7th & marched about Eight
In these letters to Lucinda, his wife     at them ten times they turned to                Washington…within 15 miles from North            miles through the storm and rain. We were
the poignant missives describe troop      come back to ship lowered about                 Carolina we can here the cannon fireing          all heavy loaded so it made it very hard for us
movements, captures, deaths, and          and picked them up …I don’t know                almost every moment now the infantry are         to march. Your husband got brot out
then – abruptly we find a letter from     when I should go to the regiment an             out of hearing…”                                 and stopped to rest and we sup-
his captain informing her of his dis-     officer…we are eight miles from Washing-                                                         pose that the guerillas picked him
appearance. Another from a soldier        ton….”                                          Oct. 18. Camp near Petersburg. 3½                up…we have been back three days and
who said he feared Nathan had been                                                        pp. “…we moved night before last about a         have heard nothing from Nathan / on
stripped and murdered. Then some-         Sept. 3, 1864. Camp Near Petersburg.            mile and a half towards Petersburg we don’t      our way back we found some of
thing rarely found in civil war let-      2 ½ pp. “…I have reached the army at            know in the morning where we shall stay at       our troops Stripped and Murdered
ters: A letter from Richmond prison.      last…they have a hard fight with half a         night there is no fiting going on near here      and it is the opinion of the folks

                                                                                     28
hear that Mr. Kemp has gone to the
same fate…George M. Moulton”
                                                  THE LAUNCHING OF THE
Dec 29th Camp of the 39th Reg Mass                       USS TUSCARORA
Vol. 1½ pp. “Mrs. L. Kemp, Madam,                         AND THE 119TH
Last evening Mr. Moulton handed me a             REGIMENT PENNSYLVANIA
letter from you and I have taken the liberty              VOLUNTEERS,
to answer it as well as I can. You have           THE “GRAY RESERVES,” AT
been informed that our Regiment                         THE DEFNSE OF
have just returned from a raid into                       WASHINGTON
the enemy’s country, and that Mr.               * 183
Kemp, Your husband started with us but is       Four pages, 5” x 8”. Philadelphia.         * 184
now missing; we know nothing certain as to      August 26, 1861. To Dear Sister. The       [CIVIL WAR.] Partially Printed En-
what has become of him…I advised him            letter reads:                              rollment slip for William Mullins.
to march with the main body of the                                                         One page, 6 3/4 “ x 4 3/8”. Horsham,
troops in the road instead of                   “Dear Sister, …Since I wrote you last      Pa. August 28, 1862. The document                  THE SIGNAL CORPS
Marching with his Regiment who                  have had exciting times about the          reads: “Office of the United States        * 186
were obliged to march through the               war The call of the Sect of War for        Deputy Marshall for the County of          [CIVIL WAR] Autograph Letter
woods by the side of the road act-              the governor of the N States to push       Montgomery at Horshamville August          Signed. Signal Corps Knoxville Tenn
ing as skirmishes for our brigade;              forward the recruits to Washington,        28, 1862. To William Mullins TAKE          Aug 15th, 1864. 4 pp. 5" x 8". T.K. Gay
he did so, and got along very well, until the   without waiting for clothing, arms         NOTICE, That you have been en-             (Likely Tredway K. Gay) to his
second day of our march back toward camp        or equipment had the effect of has-        rolled as a citizen within the Town-       brother in Pennsylvania with fine war
when it seems he got behind the Column and      tening up matters. Thousands have          ship of Horsham in the said County,        content:
I fear he was taken prisoner by the             gone forward from the North, in-           liable to Military Service. If you claim    “Dear Brother Cal, ...it was so risky in
Rebel cavalry…two or three others               cluding parts of Several regiments         exemption from any cause, the claim        sending packages over military railroad, even
were taken on that day…John D. Reid,            from the city & StateThe apprehen-         will be received and determined by         by express. ...Everything is quiet in Knox-
Captain of Co. I, 39th Mass.” On 8x10           sion of an attack on Washington was        the Commissioner to be appointed           ville except that there is a report that
sheet.                                          so great at one time, that our Regt of     for that purpose for this County, at       John Morgan is reported to be fix-
                                                “Gray Reserves “ volunteered their         such time and place as he shall            ing for another attack in Knoxville by
Jan. 20, 1865. Richmond, Va. 1 page.            service for thirty days, to go and there   specify, by hand-bills to be posted in     surprise. John Morgan is up at Bulls
“My dear Wife, I take this opportunity to       & help fill up the breach. I must say,     the said Township. Jonathan                Gap, or has been up there, repair-
rite a few lines to inform you where I am I     (with beaming modesty) that your           Judell[?]” Minor discoloration, else       ing railroad for the purpose of get-
am in Richmond a prisoner / I was               brother Tom had the honor of be-           very fine.                     $125 - up   ting supplies from East Tennessee
captures the 10 of December I am                ing one of fifty in co. A. that signed                                                only, in my estimation, and has no
very well and hope you are the same.            a paper offering their services. The                                                  intentions of making a strike on
I want you to rite to me / direct               Home Guard also came forward &                                                        Knoxville . Although he may think of
your letter to Nathan Kemp pris-                offered about 3000 men for a lim-                                                     making a capture of this gallant little place,
oner of war Richmond, Va…”                      ited period. Well, as we were all                                                     but Sir, if John Morgan does undertake
                                                commencing to leave our individual                                                    that little job, I think that he will meet
Feb 19. U.S. Gen. Hospital, Annapo-             affairs in the hands of our friends so                                                with a warm reception and prob-
lis, Md. 1 page. “Mrs. Lucinda Kemp,            as to leave home. Word came that the                                                  ably more so than he expects. Last
Madam your husband arrived here                 Secty of War declined to receive us                                                   night the 1st Tennessee Regiment of Infan-
today by flag of truce has been a               for a limited period Numbers of                                                       try came to Knoxville to be mustered out of
prisoner four weeks sick with Chronic           the members of the tow organiza-                                                      the Service,...more troops coming in for the
Diarrah. Is poorly, but has the best of         tions( The Reserve Brigade & The                                                      defense of Knoxville and to keep a blinking
care…Sends love to all, Your friend, Emma       Home Guard ) have Service then                                                        eye on Morgan. And there is a 100 day
Henries, Daughter of Chaplain H.C. Hen-         enlisted in regiments that are giving                                                 company here drilling for J. Morgan. I see by
ries, Annapolis, Md.” On the side she           for 3 years. My Cousin Eliza’s has ~          CIVIL WAR EXEMPTION                     your letter that there is considerable excite-
writes: “I would come see him if                (Dr. James C. Fisher.) has recd a com-                 FOR A MAN                      ment in Auburn on the war question ...if
possible. He may not live…” On                  mission as Surgeon from the Gover-             WITH NO THUMB AND                      they continue to think and act ac-
blue U.S. Christian Commission let-             nor of N. Jersey & leaves to morrow                  FOREFINGER                       cordingly, I think this cruel war
terhead with dove emblem with ac-               afternoon with his regiment (the 5th       * 185                                      would soon come to and end with
companying printed envelope.                    New Jersey) I have just been called        [CIVIL WAR] Manuscript Docu-               all praise to them, not only from
                                                on by a young friend Leon Levy             ment. Aug. 1864. 1 pp. 9½“ 8”. Sworn       this generation, but from genera-
Feb. 23. 39th Reg. Mas Vol. 1 page.             Emanuel (nephew of Mrs. L.I. Levy)         statement from William G. Butcher          tions to come.
“…Your husband was probably taken pris-         who has just recd a commission as 2        of Litchfield, NY stating “I am not        ... The recruiting officers have all been called
oner as we have heard nothing about him         Lieut. In Col Williams regiment now        subject to military duty in conse-         in, but I think that if he wants to get in the
since we returned from the Raid on which he     at Suffolk Park & who is daily ex-         quence of having lost the fore fin-        Corps he can do so (if his education will
was lost. I cannot tell where he would          pecting orders to move. Last Satur-        ger on my right hand and the thumb         permit) by applying to Lt. Col. Nickademas,
be at this time but as prisoners are            day aftern. we had a fine ship launch      on the same hand smashed to pieces         Chief of Signal,
being rapidly exchanged, I hope                 at the Navy Yard Wifey 2 daughters,        & the joints useless. W.J. Butcher”
soon to hear about him…there is still           Tom West, Emily & Frank Steel and          followed by a confirmation signed          ...The letter containing the ring was perfectly
a hope that he is alive….John D. Read,          seld “addicted” in viewing the new         by Justice of the Peace Julius C. War-     whole when put into the post office in Knox-
Capt. Co. I 39th Mass Vols.”                    sloop of war Tuscarora slide into          ren saying the “claims for exemp-          ville and can be proved by substantial wit-
                                                the river The vessel has been built        tion from military duty is founded         nesses... Directions in package was this: To
Letters in vary states of condition,            in less than 60 days… When our gen-        and substantially true.” With orange       Ansel Gay, Aubur n, Four Corners,
but altogether Fine. A quality archive          erals make a move I hope it will be        5 cent revenue stamp. A little ruffled.    Susquehanna County, Pennsylvania...”
with enlightening detail weaving a              (via sea) to Charleston & occupy the       Mostly Fine.                 $200 - up     Age toning, Fine.                  $200 - up
heart rending story of the soldier in           pestiferous states that has inaugurated
the bloody American Civil War.                  the mischief …Yours affectionately
                          $2,500 - up           Tom”                          $250 - up

                                                                                       29
                                          send me certificates of loyalty to the    whole country desolate & depopu-          promises for vacancies should they
                                          Federal Govt, before I will sell them     lated to be undiscovered by a future      occur. ~peculiar business (bullet
                                          goods. …..”                               Columbus than to allow ourselves          making) being the only one in Penn-
                                                                                    to be tyrannized ever by the villain-     sylvania prevented my shouldering
                                          Four pages, 5” x 8”. “No 13 11 Lo-        ous slave drivers of the South”           my musket, but I nevertheless spent
                                          cust St. Phila.” August 18, 1862                                                    nearly all the time at the Armory, (be-
                                                                                    Two pages, 5” x 8”. Philadelphia. Sep-    ing Secty of the Co.) assisting in the
                                          “Dear Sister, I have the pleasure of      tember 9, 1861.                           work of preparation.
                                          informing you that Annie has today                                                  On Monday (the 15th) the boys started
                                          presented me with a little girl. Last     “Dear Sis, I have to enclose you a        for West Philad
                                          Thursday week we left Kalmia in           letter from Sophy, So I drop you a        Dept of the Pennsylvania RR Co.
                                          charge of the children 2 girls &          few lines, being somewhat harried         They left 7th & Market W about ½ ~
                                          coachman. Today at 1 12/ part 1 PM        to-day. I had a letter from our friend    ~ ~ ~ ~down to Chestnut up
                                          the little stranger made her appear-      L. M. Abbett, he is improving &           Chestnut to 12th up to ~ up Arch to
                                          ance.                                     promises to pay us a visit so as to get   21st down 21st to Market – up Market
                                          We have named her “Annie” and a           Country air. Our family are all well.     St was the h~ to a gate opposite the
                                          fine little baby it is.                   I keep my time well filled up as usual.   Darby Road It was a very warm after-
                                          I have been in the habit every after-     What with the Factory, the Railroad       noon, & some of the men suffered
                                          noon since our removal to the City        the Soldier Company &c&c&c                severely from the fatigue in carrying
                                          of ~ out to Kalmia, taking tea with       We have regular Regimental Drills &       their knapsacks ~ they had not yet
                                          the children & ~ home by ½ past 9         firings I feel like old veterans, only    become accustomed to the walks
      of FOUR LETTERS                     ……………….                                   that we have not yet been under fire.     I carried the musket for one of our
  FROM A MEMBER OF THE                    The City is all astir with the excite-    (but that is not our fault you must       men part of the time. The cars left
      UNION ARMY’S 119TH                  ment of recruiting for the Army, &        remember) Last Thursday our Bri-          West Phila about 8 PM for Harris-
REGIMENT PENNSYLVANIA                     the expectation of “the draft”. As I      gade (consisting of 4 Regiments of        burg. The balance of the trip to the
 VOLUNTEERS, THE “GRAY                    have passed the legal “Rubicon” I         Infantry) elected Frank Patterson our     battle field of Maryland I will allow
           RESERVES.”                     look on with quiet composure of           Brigadier general. Hew as 3 mos. In       two of my friends to relate to you in
* 187                                     the drafting business & Regiment          the present war as colonel of the         their own words
Four pages, 5” x 8”. Philadelphia.        have obtained Commissions in the          Pema, 17 th Regt. Was in the Army         Lieut. ~ & Private Jacob Donaldson
Sept 20, 1862                             new regiment now forming. Two             during the Mexican War & is a West        wrote me a sketch of the adventures
                                          thirds officers (filled & hire officer)   Pointer. So we have a perfect of          & I now enclose them for your ~.
“Dear Sister,                             of the 118th &119th Pennsylvania Vol-     Brigade Drill which will be some-         Please return them to me when next
 In your last letter to Sophy you         unteers are from the Gray Reserves.       thing worth while the Capture of          you write.
stated that you had difficulty in pro-    It will be necessary for us to recruit    Hatteras has given a cheerful aspect      In obedience to an order from Capt.
curing the new postage Stamps.            our own company ranks again, as I         to matter.                                Smith I called (the day after the de-
I therefore enclose you a lot, which      think this necessity for an overawing     I will write you soon again when I        parture of the Regiment) a meeting
I hope you, will use in witting to        force “at home” to keep the traitors      have more leisure                         of the remaining Active, associates
your friends………….                         here in check is as great as ever. No     Yours truly, T. Sparks”                   & Contributing member of C. A. to
                                          doubt but that drafting will be re-                                                 be held at the Armory for the pur-
Billy Oberman told me yesterday, that     quired. Our old regiments have been       Eight page, 4 ½” x 7”. Darby, Pa. Sep-    pose of organizing a Company A No2.
his wife (Mrs. Mary Oberman) has          so thinner off by the mismanage-          tember 28 1862.                           the object of which was to be for
between the means of his getting a        ment of our Generals that it is nec-                                                constant daily ~, to fill up vacancies
contact for 5000 rifles for the gov-      essary to raise 13,000 men in this city   “Dear Sister Caddy,                       in the rank of the Company in the
ernment at Washington. I felt really      to replace vacancies in the old regi-                                               State Service & for Service at home
ashamed when he mentioned it & in         ment from Philad                          I do not remember whether I am            in case theirs services might be
a Walnut St. car at the time. Had a       Yesterday morning (Sunday) I visited      indebted to you for the last letter or    needed.
newspaper reporter been present the       Camp “Union” to see my friends of         you to me, however, I just feel like      Altho’ the notice was so short that
result would have been a scandalous       the “Corn Exchange” Regiment (the         dropping you a few lines.                 numbers did not receive their noti-
squib in the papers or a payment of       118th Penn) The Reverend Mr. Jack-        Since I wrote you last our dear oh        fication till too late, about 50 mem-
black mail. What fools people make        son (a Methodist Clergyman who has        State has been in danger of invasion      bers met & signed the Roll under
of themselves……..                         made himself famous within the past       by the rebels, now, however the           the call An election was held & (3
                                          few weeks preacher to the Soldiers.       present danger is no more.                Sect) Bethell was chosen Captn.
I receive a letter occasionally from      It was one of the most eloquent Ser-      When Gov. Curtin called upon the          (Segt) Sears ““        Lieut
Dr. Fisher (my cousin Eliza’s hus-        mons that I have ever listened to.        men to arm themselves to proceed
band). He is Surgeon of the 5th N.        Tears coursed down the check of           to the southern border the “Gray           (Corporal) Sparks “ “ 2d          ~
Jersey Regiment, camped at Capitol        weather beaten Soldiers who were          Reserves” at once went to work to         The Captain at once appointed non-
Hill (Washington). From all accounts,     there, as well as moving the men of       prepare for their duty. The day after     commissions officers Sectys, & Trea-
I believe that the fortification around   the words. I would travel 100 miles       the Proclamation was received in this     sures & then the Co. A No 2 was
Washington, are now so complete           if necessary to hear him again. Poor      City the board of Offices offered         organized.
that 1/3 of the army there now, is        man, tho, is think he is killing him-     the services of the Regt to the Gov-      Until the Regt returned home we
sufficient to protect the City. In my     self with his efforts in behalf of the    ernor. The captains of companies          have had drills every afternoon (ex-
correspondence with the Baltimore         Union.                                    were directed to fill up their ranks &    cept Saturday & Sundays) & Wednes-
folks I am careful not to say anything                                              to prepare for leaving the City at an     day & Friday nights
about he War.                             Don’t our glorious old President          hours notice.                             My family being out of town I did
                                          loom up grandly amidst all the din &      All the company ~ Kept open all day       not attend on the night drills but was
I have declined orders for Shot from      turmoil of the War. I do hope that        & night until ~ ~ Drilling was con-       very ~ & attentive to those in the
the Eastern Shores of Md because I        he will Survive to see the payment        stant New members were proposed           afternoons
was fearful they might be re melted       brought together again in one glori-      & elected The “Roll” was ~ in our         As my election as 2d Lieut was by
into bullets & used to by the Rebels      ous Union, never to be disturbed by       Company (A) that numbers of our           acclamation & as my 2 superior of-
People down that way I require to         traitors or fanatics. Better have the     members had to be put off with            ficers were old soldier (the Captn,

                                                                               30
was old Washington grey of Philad                                                       gerness with which Union support-        its, ready to follow Gen Sheridan
& the 1 Lieut for a long time an ac-                                                    ers greeted any news of the conflict     wherever he leads us…..You can ex-
tive member of the Tompkins Blues                                                       between the Blue and Grey. Con-          pect a large majority for (old Abe)
of New York) I feel rather embar-                                                       tinuing in the service of the Union      next month…We want to and I think
rassed at first. But at it I went drill-                                                throughout the war, Crawford was         will make Mr. Lincoln a veteran
ing, & standing alternately until I be-                                                 appointed Brigadier General of Vol-      President…Let me know the returns
gan to feel more confidence in my-                                                      unteers in April of 1862 and com-        of the election. Our regt. almost
self. As the civil business of the co.                                                  manded a Division in both the            unanimously voted the Union ticket.
had all been left in my charge by the                                                   Shenandoah Valley campaign and at        I am sincerely your devoted cousin,
offices who had gone with the com-                                                      Cedar Mountain. Subsequently,            J A Miller”
pany I was kept very hard at work, &                                                    Crawford, though wounded while
my own business pretty brisk at the                                                     serving during the Antietam Cam-         Our letter offers a fascinating first-
same time left me not a leisure mo-                                                     paign, led troops at Gettysburg, the     hand account of The Battle of Ce-
ment. I was heartily glad when I read                                                   Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Har-      dar Creek, one of the final and most
the news that the Regt was at Harris-                                                   bor, Petersburg, and Five Forks.         decisive battles of the 1864 Valley
burg on Thursday morning last the                                                                                  $500 - up     Campaigns. After this Union victory,
boys arrived at West Phila. Station at                                                                                           the Confederacy was never again able
8 ½ A. M .                                           MAJOR SAMUEL                                                                to threaten Washington, D.C., nor
They looked like ~ who had seen                CRAWFORD, A BATTERY                                                               were Rebel forces able to protect
service I assure you. ~ old Captain              COMMANDER AT THE                                                                the important economic centers lo-
very old “moustache all ~ dark &             HISTORIC SIEGE OF FORT                                                              cated in the Shenandoah Valley. This
with unshaven faces.                             SUMTER, IS ASKED TO                                                             battle opened with a daring Confed-
                                             RELATE HIS EXPERIENCES                                                              erate surprise attack that is still stud-
……………………                                        OF THAT FATEFUL DAY                                                              ied by military theorists today, but
When passing thro the deserted camp-              BEFORE NEW YORK’S                                                              the arrival of the charismatic Gen-
grounds of the rebel army they had              MERCANTILE LIBRARY                                                               eral Sheridan on the field of battled
to use great care that they did not                   ASSOCIATION                                                                rallied the Union forces shifted the
carry of with them some of those            * 188                                        THE DECISIVE BATTLE OF                  tide of battle. Inspiring paintings and
insects usually denominated “soldier        SAMUEL WYLIE CRAWFORD                                 CEDAR CREEK                    the famous poem “Sheridan’s Ride,”
bugs” from all accts. I am satisfied        (1829-1892).] Manuscript Document                   AND HOPES FOR                    Sheridan’s widely praised actions soon
that the rebel soldiers are a very filthy   Signed by Committee members of                LINCOLN’S RE-ELECTION                  became a rallying cry of Republi-
and licentious set of rascals. The          the Mercantile Library Association.         * 189                                    cans and helped to spur the re-elec-
women of Boonsboro had to close             One page, 7 3/4” x 9 7/8” “Brooklyn,”       Four pages, 5” x 7 ¾”. “Head Quar-       tion of Lincoln to a second, and ul-
their doors & windows as the rebel          New York. May 8, 1861. To “Dr.              ters 1” Brig. 2” Dov/ D” Corps. In       timately tragic, second term as Presi-
army passed through their town. The         Crawford U.S.A.” The document               camp Near Strasburg Va.” October         dent of the United States. A fascinat-
scent was so very disagreeable, that        reads: “Dear Sir, The undersigned           22, 1864.                                ing letter with rich military and po-
anyone in search of them can smell          in behalf of the Mercantile library                                                  litical content written at a critical
them at a great distance.                   of Brooklyn would respectfully in-          “Dear Cousin John. I am happy to         point in the American Civil War.
                                            vite you to deliver before the Asso-        announce that our army has won                                         $250 - up
We have a large Army hospital in our        ciation and the Citizens of Brooklyn        another glorious victory at Ceder
neighborhood, viz. the “Summit              an Account of the Siege of Fort             Creek and Middletown, that divine
House near the Episcopal Church             Sumpter [sic]- Aside from public            providence has preserved my life
The good people of the neighbor-            interest, the historic importance of        through another battle. Early on the
hood are very attentive to the poor         this memorable event, and the ab-           morn of the 19 inst. the rebels made
sick & wounded soldiers there the           sence as yet of any complete authori-       an unexpected attack, on the 19” &
ladies & the children have fairs to         tative relation of all that occurred,       8” Corps…entirely surprised them
raise the means to assist in obtaining      have induced them to make this re-          and drove them out of their camps,
extra comfort to.                           quest of you, who bore so honor-            captured many of them also artillery
As breakfast is ready I must now            able a part in the action & they tryst      and teams, they fall back in disorder.
close” …………………………..                         you will find it in you power to give       Our Corps was hurriedly formed in
                                            a favorable reply. Leaving to you own       line of battle. We held them in check
Organized as regiment for home              convenience the selection of the            some time, but were forced to yield
duty, the 119th Penn. Volunteers saw        time they remain With respect Your          and fall back about two miles where
action in a number of important             obdt. Servts James Thorne … John            we halted until towards evening.
battles over the course of the Civil        Jay Hannah.”                                When we again advanced and forced
War, including Fredericksburg,                                                          back the victorious rebels. They soon
Gettysburg, Wilderness, Petersburg.         During the Confederate attack on                                                      LOT OF SIX CONFEDERATE
                                                                                        fall back in confusion. Our Calvary
In addition, the 199 th was present         Fort Sumter, the engagement that ig-                                                               COVERS
                                                                                        charges into their panic sticken ranks
when Lee surrendered to Union               nited the America’s four year Civil                                                  * 190
                                                                                        capturing over two thousand pris-
forces at the Appomattox Court              War, assistant surgeon Samuel Wylie                                                  Five assorted “United Confederate
                                                                                        oners , over 40 pieces of rebel artil-
House. It should also be noted that         Crawford, a major in the 13th US In-                                                 Covers,” 1906-1935, and one “Daugh-
                                                                                        lery, a large wagon train, and colers.
Thomas Sparks was a member of               fantry, commanded a Union battery                                                    ters of the Confederacy Cover,” 1941,
                                                                                        We recaptured all our lost artillery
Philadelphia’s famous Sparks family,        against the Confederate onslaught.                                                   bearing a variety of Confederate flags
                                                                                        and teams and by dark were again in
the builders and operators of one           This invitation for Crawford to of-                                                  and postal cancellations. Good con-
                                                                                        our old camps and have achieved a
of America’s earliest short towers,         fer his firsthand account of the battle                                              dition.                     $200 - up
                                                                                        splendid and brilliant victory. The
which served as a major source of           before the Mercantile Library Asso-         loss of our Regt is small, our comp.
Union munitions during America’s            ciation, one of the foremost cultural       lost one man killed. Everything is
long Civil War.            $750 - up        institutions in the country at this time,   quite again. Our Calvary has followed
                                            comes less than one month after the         up the retreating rebels far up the
                                            historic conflict, illustrating the ea      valley. The army is in excellent spir

                                                                                    31
                                                                                    sometimes…The storm with it’s                 case. To increase the efficacy that
                                                                                    thunder & lightning and the roar              contributes to the honor and happi-
                                                                                    of artillery with the rattle of mus-          ness of our Massachusetts
                                                                                    ketry this torrent of rain made a             soldiers…Please ask that a statement
                                                                                    sight never to be forgotten…I was             of the condition…of each Co. as they
                                                                                    arrested by two Brigadier                     now stand shd be sent me, I think
                                                                                    Generals…being no less than a                 the men who are good in Clarks and
                                                                                    Rebel Spy…[then] with a drink of              Tylers Cos. Had best perhaps be sifted
                                                                                    Whiskey and a hearty laugh…As ever            into the other companies, and their
                                                                                    your, Bill.” One of the most color-           good officers, if any appd. To fill
                                                                                    ful and evocative letters we have seen        vacancies in them; that if like
                                                                                    in a awhile. Fold separation mid-             occasion…the good members any
                                                                                    way in, o/w Fine.            $200 - up        of the company of the seven shd be
                                             “I HAD TO BURN EVERY-                                                                sifted to the better companies; that
                                                     THING                                                                        the poor companies shd be dis-
                                               …THEN SKEDADDLE                                                                    banded. They say from our five good
                                                    MYSELF,                                                                       strong companies…which might be
                                            TO KEEP OUT OF JOHNNY                                                                 reinforced by sending them compa-
                                                  REBS HANDS”                                                                     nies sufficient to make up a full,
       A FINE SOLDIER’S
         LETTER ON AN                                                                                                             strong, true hearted…Massachusetts
                                               “I managed to get to Manassas                                                      Regiment, sustained by self respect
 OUTSTANDING PATRIOTIC
                                             Junction in time to see the Battle                                                   and generous pride…”
          LETTERHEAD
                                                       of Bull Run”                                                               In 1860, John Andrew was elected
* 191
                                           * 193                                                                                  governor of Massachusetts by the
[CIVIL WAR SOLDIER’S LET-
                                           [CIVIL WAR] Autograph Letter                                                           widest margin to that date. Governor
TER]. 8” x 10”. Wonderful large vi-
                                           Signed. In Camp at Fort Lyon Near                                                      Andrew, a staunch abolitionist, im-
gnette of a scene at “Camp
                                           Alexandria, Va. Sept. 12th’1862. 3 pp.                                                 mediately           placed          the
Brightwood” detailing “Col Henry
              th                           7¾” x 9 ¾. ”William H. Shaw. Quar-       * 194                                         Commonwealth’s troops at a state of
S. Briggs, 10 Massachusetts Volun-
                                           ter Master, Excelsior Brigade, Wash-     JOHN ANDREW (1818-1867). Gov-                 readiness to aid the Union upon his
teers”. Washington D.C., Oct. 13, 1861.
                                           ington, D.C. Superb battle content:      ernor of Massachusetts during the             election. When, on April 15, 1861,
The letter details camp life “it is a
darned old place an awful stinking                                                  Civil War. Autograph Letter Signed,           President Lincoln made an urgent
                                           ‘”My Dear Judge…We broke camp at         “J.A..A.” Four pages 7 5/8” x 9 5/8”. “Bos-   request for states to send 75,000 vol-
hole – still it has a fine view. The
                                           Harrisons landing … after marching       ton.” August 22, 1861. To “Mr. Wm.            unteers to defend the Capitol, Gov-
                                           across the peninsula embarked at         W. Davis Q.M. Serfant, Mass. 4th Batl.        ernor Andrew ensured that Massa-
Potomac is plainly seen, the Battle-
                                           Yorktown on the Ocean Steamer            Inf. Fortress Monroe.” Andrew                 chusetts’ troops were the first to ar-
ships are visible and also Alexandria
                                           Vanderbuilt. Here 5000 men were          writes:                                       rive in Washington and the first
in the distance. The order has come
                                           crowded into the most filthy, lousy      My dear sir Your letter is before me,         troops to fight in the Civil War. Our
for us to be ready to move at any
                                           den man ever beheld, and kept on         it is a terrible story of abuse and … I       letter, written less than six months
time across the river and the boys
                                           board for at least four days, on raw     cannot understand how it is that with         after these patriotic men responded
have got their things all packed up
                                           pork & bad bread…finally landed at       all the pains I have taken, through           to Lincoln’s call, shows that Andrew
ready to start at five minute’s notice.
                                           Alexandria the lousiest                  two separate units of staff officers,         remained devoted to the supply and
“ Nice content on a superb graphic
                                           set of human beings I ever wish to       one sergeant at arms, one councilor           organization of his state’s troops even
letterhead. Folds, few minor edge
                                           see. After one night on shore we         sending for a private, even of the 3D         after they departed their home state.
chinks. Fine.              $275 – up
                                           were put on board                        Rgt to come home and report –                 Andrew, the Bay State’s most cel-
                                           the cars and taken to Warrenton Junc-    these revolutions come so recently I          ebrated governor of his generation,
                                           tion,, Laid one day & night and          had heard about the time the third            would again take a leadership role
     CIVIL WAR LETTERS
                                           marched into the                         3d…men came home of Capt. Clarks              when he petitioned President Lin-
         & MISC LOT
                                           Battle at Bristow Station, leaving me    return presence, however, and Lt.             coln to force the Army to accept the
* 192
                                           behind with the Quarter Master           White told me of his inattention to           Massachusetts 54th Regiment, a en-
Lot of 8 items including two Civil
                                           Stores of the                            duty. Had these matters been earlier          tirely black regiment under the com-
War era letters and 6 envelopes, all
                                           Brigade. After remaining two days I      notified to me, I’d have earlier tried        mand of volunteer white officers,
but one postally sent and one Dove
                                           had to burn everything, including        to help the company. Its poverty of           in 1863.                      $300 - up
illustrated.. The letters include one
                                           Books, Papers, Tents, Ammunition,        clothes &C, &C is mostly due to its
from a student “To a Soldier” from
                                           Officers Baggage, Clothing, Forage,      own officers, I have no doubt nor
student Ermine Bartlett, Westfield,
                                           Provisions etc. in all about six car     hesitation in saying. I have no power,
June 18, 1864, 2 pp. who relays that
                                           loads, and then Skedaddle myself,        however, to reach any of these evils
she has prepared “Comfort Bags” for
                                           to keep out of Johnny Rebs               & errors. As they are amenable to
the soldiers, comments about the
                                           hands… there were three bridges          the US laws, officers and govern-
draft and laments she has lost her
                                           burnt by the Rebels and conse-           ment. But, I will at once forward a
Uncle in the 32nd Mass to the war.
                                           quently I had to take chances of get-    copy of your letter to Major General
The other letter from Westfield as
                                           ting across, but here were others as     Wool commander of the post with
well, Dec 2, 1864, 3pp. to Sidney
                                           badly off as I was. I managed to get     the earnest request that he shd cause
Colburn from E.B. Bartlett. Topics
                                           to Manassas Junction in time to see      justice to be done, would report to
cover the Christian Commission, the
                                           the Battle of Bull Run, but as the/      me any provision or duty remaining
“copperheads in this community;” how the
                                           enemy was getting rather too close       on my part possible to be fulfilled;
lady he boards with has sympathies
                                           for comfort…I was arrested by the        and would make meet suggestions as
with the South and more. Heavily
                                           Provost Guard as a straggler, awoke      to the future. Please present to him
                                           to find I was deserted in a cowardly     in person if you can my respectful
toned. Envelopes have a variety of
                                           manner by the Guard…[stayed in a         compliments, assuring him person-
New England addresses and are gen-
                                           deserted mansion…] …Started to see       ally of my desire ardently to cooper-
erally Fine.             $100 - up
                                           the Battle of Chantilly as it is         ate in all measures appropriate to the

                                                                               32
                                                without much bloodshed. If we get                feel very gloomy at the shameful         ever, I hope for the best. My book-
                                                some more of their prominent leaders such as     defeat our troops had last Sunday        keeper has been elected to the of-
                                                Mason and Slidell we can accomplish much         week. The more I new & hear of it        fice of Secty. of the Guardian of the
                                                by way of nipping the thing in the bud.          the worse I feel. There is no use of     Poor. He spends most of his time,
                                                                                                 concealing the fact now, that the        yet in attending to my business. I
                                                The fact that Jeff Davis and their               rebels have Smarter generals then we     have written to Pemberton offering
                                                other leading men think of again                 have and that their force & means        him the fast, & if he can Settle up his
                                                moving the Rebel capital from Rich-              are far greater than we have given       affairs in Burlington in the course
                                                mond shows their fears of becom-                 them credit for. Not withstanding        of the next 6 weeks or so, I presume
                                                ing themselves captured.                         the shameful defeat the N.Y. papers      he will accept my offer, I have had
                                                This slowness and extreme cau-                   abuse Genl Patterson that he did not     one letter from him in reply, & im-
                                                tion of the government thus far in               commit the same blunder that was         mediately wrote an answer that I think
                                                dealing with this insurrection has               made by the Potomac Army.I am as-        will cause him to accept My offers.
                                                been to get a chance of slipping                 sured by a gentleman (Hon. Hiram         Miller says that he dislikes leaving
                                                rope around treason’ throat and                  Walbridge of N York) that he was         me at all but the situation was of-
                                                strangle it without having to destroy            informed last night at the Continen-     fered him by his friend & the pay
                                                so many of soldiers in rashly pro-               tal Hotel by a South Carolinian          being more that my business would
                                                voked battles I think it will suc-               gentleman (who has just passed           allow me to give him, he accepted.
                                                ceed.                                            through the rebels lines), that Genl.    In the meantime he is to give what
                                                                                                 Johnston has 40,000 men at Winches-      time he can spare from his official
                                                I will send you a copy of Harper’s               ter, Strongly backed by Artillery in     duties to assisting me & offering to
                                                Weekly from which Charlie takes                  entrenched batteries similar to those    do the same for Penn (should he
“THERE ARE NOW ABOUT
                                                most of his drawings.… On the fourth             at Manassas, & that had Genl.            come here until he can manage com-
      80 THOUSAND
                                                of July last I was made to feel sad when I saw   Patterson attacked Johnson his 25,000    fortably without him. If you think
  FEDERAL TROOPS IN
                                                our boys running to and fro through the          men (mostly Pennsylvanians) would        that it is to his advantage to come
      KENTUCKY …
                                                streets shooting their firecrackers and keep-    all have been slaughtered – in addi-     with me, you would perhaps do him
   MY OPINION …IN A
                                                ing their Fourth of July holiday not as I did    tion to which he was in constant         a service by giving him a hint to that
MONTH OR TWO AMOUNT
                                                when I was a little boy, like they, over in an   communication with Beauregard at         effect. However I would like to have
TO 150 THOUSAND MEN…
                                                entire and unbroken country but as it were       Manassas, by the Railroad from the       the situating, but I prefer giving him
                                                over the mere fragment of the goodly land        latter point to Strasburg only 1 days    another opportunity. ~ are all well at
       …SLIPPING A ROPE
                                                which our Fathers handed over to us….”           march from Winchester, the great         ~ both of the other houses My re-
     AROUND TREASONS’
                                                                                                 mistake made was in attaching Vir-       spect to Don Pedro & my friend
            THROAT
                                                Some fold separation, otherwise Fine.            ginia,; it should have been made first   Miss Hannah Thomson, with heaps
       AND STRANGLE IT”
                                                An astonishingly clean, poignant and             at Charleston & then at New Orleans,     of love to yourself.
* 195
                                                effective letter in relaying the more            - one the nest of the Rebellion, &       Yours Truly Thos. Sparks”
[CIVIL WAR] Autograph Letter
Signed. Springfield, Ohio December              pointed observations and hopes, ul-              the other the purse of the conspiracy.
                                                timately dashed, somewhat early in               We are in a continental state of ex-     In addition to offering commentary
8, 1861. Four pages, folio, in elegant
                                                the war.                     $250 - up           citement Regiments of 3 mos. Vol-        on the effectiveness and whereabouts
script. Exceptionally good Civil War
                                                                                                 unteers returning from & new ones        of numerous important military fig-
content from Isaac Kay:
                                                                                                 for 3 years service departing for the    ures during the early days of the Civil
                                                                                                 seat of war.Last Thursday I was un-      War, our letter provides a fascinating
“…This my thirty third birthday finds me
                                                                                                 der arms all the morning (our Regt.      commentary on the events that pre-
and mine in the enjoyment of life, health
                                                                                                 Gray Reserves) is escorting Col Frank    ceded the first major land battle of
and comforts of friendship and as I trust of
                                                                                                 Patterson’s regiment from the cars to    the Civil War, the First Battle of Bull
religion … Charlie is busily engaged
                                                                                                 Washington Square, WE awaited 4          Run. In the days prior to this con-
in a large collection of paintings of
                                                                                                 hours on Broad St. for them to ar-       flict, Union General Patterson, hav-
the war he paints one whole sheet every
                                                                                                 rive The same afternoon we were          ing reacted slowly to orders that he
day besides going to school and as the sheets
                                                                                                 our again escorting Genl McClellan       should retake Harper’s Ferry, found
are all one size, I bind them into one book
                                                                                                 (the youthful hero) from Broad To        himself outmaneuvered at the Battle
which will be an amusing thing for him to
                                                                                                 Market St. through the City & back to    of Hoke’s Run. This failure, coupled
look at if he should ever grow up to be a
                                                                                                 his brother’s house in Walmet            with Patterson’s unwillingness to
man . It would show the powerful
                                                                                                 Street.We expect to be ordered out       move toward the Confederate held
impressions of the Great Rebellion
                                                                                                 next Thursday to receive the Regt.       Winchester, Virginia, allowed Con-
of 1861 had on his young mind. I
                                                                                                 Of National Guards who are to come       federate General Johnston to reach
wonder how James likes the study of medi-
                                                                                                 from Fort McHenry (Balto.) I hope        the First Battle of Bull and reinforce
cine by this time.
                                                                                                 that the City troop will also be re-     Beauregard. Patterson, regardless of
                                                                                                 ceived by an escort when they re-        the reasons for his actions, was
…There are now about 80 thou-
                                                      UNION STRATEGIC                            turn which will be in a bout 2 weeks     widely criticized for his failure to
sand Federal troops in Kentucky
                                                 FAILURES AND THE FIRST                          hence they are yet, however, at          contain the enemy forces and re-
and it is my opinion that our forces
                                                    BATTLE OF BULL RUN                           Harper’s Ferry under Genl. Banks, a      ceived an honorable discharge and
in that direction will in a month or
                                                * 196                                            man of no military experience &          was mustered out of the Union
two amount to 150 thousand men.
                                                Six pages, 4 7/8” x 7 1/4”. Philadelphia.        whose appointment to that Com-           Army later in the month. $250 - up
So overwhelming as to awe the
                                                July 29, 1861. To Dear Sister. The let-          mand I consider a mere experiment.
rebels without very much real fight-
                                                ter reads:                                       Should another defeat occur I fear
ing.
Our fleets are taking possession of                                                              an awful time will take place. The
                                                “Dear Sister I received your kind and            present cabinet would in that event,
their southern ports and my sin-
                                                acceptable letter of 25th Ultimo, &              have to leave their seats instantly, &
cere prayer and desire is that trea-
                                                had intended to write you on several             make room for another set. How this
son will be quelled by the strong
                                                occasions, but was prevented some-               war is to end & how long it will last
arm of the government speedily and
                                                what in other at every time. We all              is more that I can prophecy How-

                                                                                             33
                                                ganized they are bound he shall not
                                                use them I cannot illustrate when                                                           finally completed this monumental
                                                McDowell’s forces reached Front                                                             undertaking, but, ironically, the War
                                                Royal we were ordered out to fight                                                          Department decided not to bring his
                                                but McDowell changed the pro-                                                               history print because of the impend-
                                                gram and the countermarched so                                                              ing publication of the Official
                                                Sheales and McDowell road the                                                               Records regarding Gettysburg.
                                                whole length of the lines when                                                              Minor paper loss, else fine.
                                                Sheals passed the cheering was stun-                                                                                     $200 - up
                                                ning but when McDowell passed
                                                not so much as one man attempted
                                                to cheer, but you could hear them
“I WAS UNDER MCDOWELL LONG ENOUGH               say there goes Bull Run / But one
  TO LEARN THAT HIS MEN AND OFFICERS
                                                thing I forgot to state there was no attempt
    HAVE NO CONFIDENCE IN HIM IT IS A
                                                on the part of Sheales staff but McDowells
DISGRACE TO THE AMERICAN GOVERNMENT
                                                staff rode into the field in front of the 2nd
TO KEEP A MAN TO COMMAND ARMIES THAT
                                                brigade and threw up their hands as a sign
    IS SO UNIVERSALLY DISTRUSTED AND
                                                for cheers but none come and none will until           JOHN BACHELDER,
                DESPISED…
                                                they can be made to believe he loves the Union         THE PREMIERE 19TH
  WHEN (HE) PASSED… YOU COULD HEAR
                                                – had he not changed the program                   CENTURY HISTORIAN OF
    THEM SAY THERE GOES BULL RUN!”
                                                he might have bagged Jackson so                           GETTYSBURG
* 197                                           everyone says – as he would have
[CIVIL WAR] Autograph Letter                                                                     * 199
                                                been six hours ahead of Jackson in               JOHN B. BACHELDER. (1825-
Signed. July 2nd 1862. Camp of the 2nd          Stawsburg but the change put him
Mass. Regt. Near Front Royal. 4 pp.                                                              1894). American artist who is best
                                                three hours in the rear – so it was              remembered as the preeminent 19th
Heavy content letter from WILL-                 “all up .” W. Nutt” In Fine Condi-
IAM NUTT (1837-1909) [Natick MA                                                                  century historian of the Battle of
                                                tion.                              $200 - up     Gettysburg. Printed Document
Shoemaker; Enlisted 5/25/1861 as a
Corporal; mustered into “I” Co. MA                                                               Signed, “Jn.B. Bachelder.” One page,          DETAILED ACCOUNT OF
2nd Infantry “F” Co. MA 54th Infan-                                                              8” x 9 ½”. “230 New Jersey Avenue,          THE FLAG PRESENTATION
try, later “D” Co. MA 55th Infantry.                                                             Washington, D.C.” April 24, 1880. To               TO THE 81ST N.Y.
Promoted to Lieutenant Colonel.]                                                                 “My Dear Sir.” The document reads,                  VOLUNTEERS
Nutt writes with a strong clean pen                                                              in part:                                   * 200
about the demoralization of some                                                                                                            Manuscript Document. Seven pages,
of the troops and his clear thoughts                                                             “My Dear Sir: My excuse for sending        7 ¾” x 9 ¾”. “Headquarters Eighty-
on General McDowell, Fremont, and                                                                you a printed letter is the unexpected     First Regiment N.Y. Volunteers,
Jackson:                                                                                         calling up of the bill for completing      North West Landing Bridge, Va.”
                                                                                                 the survey of the Gettysburg battle-       December 3, 1863. This account
“Friend Mann… Before I succeeded in reach-                                                       field, and for compiling the date from     opens with a brief commentary on
ing my regt I was several weeks with the 12th                                                    which the engineer maps were pre-          the present location of the Regimen-
that Regt is terribully (sic) demor-                                                             pared. “There is an advance all along      tal Headquarters and the recent raz-
alized / all of the officers or nearly                                                           the line:” the prospect looks flatter-     ing of the nearby bridge by Rebels
all of them care but little what the                                                             ing, and if the “boys” rally, as of old,   before entering into a detailed ac-
men do – raged, dirty, and poorly                                                                it will be carried in the final charge,    count of the formal presentation
fed in comparison to the regiments in this                                                       and the mass of uncollated material        ceremony that took place. The cer-
department.                                                                                      which now lies in chaotic confu-           emony itself included patriotic re-
                                                                                                 sion, will be compiled and saved! …        marks by Capt. Ballard and Col.
I was under McDowell long                                                                        Having received the Government             DeForest, a much cheered presenta-
enough to learn that his men and                    THIRTEENTH PENN.                             maps, you will understand the im-          tion of the flag by the Color Guard
officers have no confidence in him               REGIMENTAL NEWSPAPER                            portance and necessity for text de-        and remarks by the regiment’s
it is a disgrace to the American                * 198                                            scriptions to accompany them….             Chaplin.
Government to keep a man to com-                “Pennsylvania Thirteenth” Vol. 1 No.             Yours, with esteem, Jn. B Bachelder.”
mand armies that is so universally              7. Four pages, 6” x 8 ¼”. “Camp                                                             The 81st N.Y. Volunteers first left
distrusted and despised if one of               Tennally, D.C.” January 4, 1862.                 Not long after the Battle of               their home state in March of 1862,
his men were to desert and go home                                                               Gettysburg, John Bachelder began           disembarking on the 1st of April at
I could not blame them. I believe the           The first number of the “Pennsylva-              the first in a long series of projects     Fortress Monroe for the Peninsular
country just as safe if they will take that     nia Thirteenth,” a publication de-               devoted to that historic event.            Campaign. Following this, the 81 st
man from the field and his whole command        voted to the patriotic sentiments and            Through his detailed maps, wide-           participated in the Siege of Yorktown
as it is now but give it to some one else and   humor of the regiment, was issued                spread lecturing and constant efforts      and the Battle Seven Pines before it
things will turn very quick – some of           on the 4th of July, 1861, and contin-            to preserve and memorialize the            joined Major-General Forrest’s com-
the congress men sneer at Gen Fre-              ued, at intervals, until after the battle        battle, Bachelder soon came to be          mand and accompanied the expedi-
mont because he was not willing to              of Antietam, when the regiment’s                 regarded as the premiere Gettysburg        tion to South Carolina during the
obey the command of his inferior                portable printing-press and materi-              scholar of his day. In 1880, The U.S.      summer of 1863. In November 1863,
in rank.                                        als were lost amidst the confusion               Congress offered Bachelder an ap-          it was sent to Northwest Landing,
                                                of that hotly contested battle.                  propriation of $50,000 to produce a        Va., the location of our ceremony,
I hold if he would not resign before he would   Some dampstaining, else fine condi-              detailed history of the historic battle    where it succeeded in breaking up
do it he is not worthy of being commanding      tion.                          $200 - up         he knew so well. After six long years,     smuggling in the area. Fine.
general – it seems as though they                                                                Bachelder, having immersed himself                                      $300 - up
were bound to hunt down Fremont                                                                  in the Official Records of the battle,
just as soon as he gets armies or

                                                                                            34
    A SOLDIER IN THE 18TH                 better than I have been, and would
     ALABAMA FEARS THE                    soon get well if I could get any fresh        HARD MARCHES AND                      think I am having an easy time …
           UNION MAY                      meats. Bacon and bread alone is              SICKNESS AS THE CIVIL                  With much love to my dear little
    OVERRUN NORTHERN                      enough to kill any one, especially in              WAR RAGES ON                     wife I am your affect husband. S.C.
           MISSISSIPPI                    spring or summer. We succeeded in         * 204                                     Wilkerson.” Light toning, else good.
* 201                                     getting some mutton this morning at       Autograph Letter Signed, “S.C.                                      $125 - up
Autograph Letter Signed, “Simon           50cts. Per lb. We can sometimes get       Wilkerson.” Three pages, 5 ½” x 8
[Wilkerson].” Two pages, 8 1/4 “ x        butter at $1 per lb. I would not mind     ¼”. “War Trace.” May 29, 1863. To
10 ½”. “Camp 18th Ala. Rgt. Allisonia,    giving such price, if I could get such    “My dear Nannie.” Wilkerson writes,
Tenn.” May 13, 1863. To “My dear          as I wanted. I still think we will be     in part:
Nannie.” Wilkerson writes, in part:       sent to the front soon. Direct your
“I have not written to you in several     letter to Tullahoma for if we should      “My dear Nannie, We have just ar-
days … I hope you reached home            move to the front I would hardly get      rived here after a two days hard
without any accident. I am not ready      any directed to Estelle Springs. I will   march. As I was not well I did not
to believe the Yankees will get Ma-       get them as soon, if they go to           enjoy the march very well, but rather
con and hold it. They may make a          Tullahoma. I have sent to three dif-      had a hard time though I did not
few cavalry raids as they have done       ferent places to get paper. When I        march all the way. I only march
which will not amount to much. I          succeed I will try to write a little      three & a half miles the last day
am now in hopes he government             longer letter etc. My love to all. From   and stopped for the cars. Will tell
will see the necessity of sending         your loving husband S.C. Wilkerson.”      you more of our march at some
some force to Northern Miss. to           Minor discoloration, else fine.           other time. Don’t think we will re-
prevent one of the wealthiest por-                                     $125 - up    main here long….We belong to
tions of the south from being                                                       Clayton’s Brigade, and Gen.
devastated…What does John think           AS THE FALL OF VICKSBURG                  Clayburn’s division. I am perfectly
of going to the war since his short         NEARS, A CONFEDERATE                    delighted with this section of coun-
stay with the Yanks! I would advise                   SOLDIER                       try. I think I would like to live up
him to stay at home as long as he can,        HOPES FOR A MINOR                     here in time of peace… Yesterday I
and when he cannot be contented to            WOUND TO END HIS                      was fearful I was going to have a
stay to go where he can get the best            MILITARY SERVICE                    rather hard spell of sickness… I
position…” Minor discoloration,           * 203                                     feel a great deal better, and think I       CONFEDERATE IMPRINT:
else fine.                  $125 - up     Autograph Letter Signed, “S.C.            will be well in a few days. If I get            STATEMENT OF THE
                                          Wilkerson.” Four pages, 7 1/8” x 9”.      much sick I will go to a hospital              SUGAR CROP MADE IN
 A CONFEDERATE SOLDIER                    “Camp 18th Ala. Rgt. near War Trace,      where I can get accommodations for                       LOUISIANA,
             IN THE                       Tenn.” June 17, 1863. To “My dear         you … Kisses to my dear little wife.            NEW ORLEANS: 1861-62.
   TULLAHOMA CAMPAIGN                     Wife.” Wilkerson writes, in part:         I am yours affect. Husband S.C.           * 206
      ASSURES HIS WIFE:                                                             Wilkerson.”                 $125 - up     Pamphlet: Statement of the Sugar
“DON’T THINK BRAGG WILL                   “My dear Wife, It is useless for me to                                              Crop, Made in Louisiana, in 1861-62,
     ATTACK ROSECRANS,                    tell you how glad I was to get from                                                 With an Appendix.                   By P.A.
    OR ROSECRANS WILL                     you yesterday as it as one week since     A CONFEDERATE BEMOANS                     Champomier.New Orleans, Printed
    ADVANCE ON BRAGG.”                    I had heard from you… I am ever              THE LACK OF SUPPLIES                   by Cook, Young & Co., Price-Cur-
* 202                                     glad to lean of your spending your                        AND                       rent Office, 1861. 12mo, 44 pp., origi-
Autograph Letter Signed, “S.C.            time pleasantly with your friends. We     THE HARDSHIPS FACED BY                    nal yellow printed self wrappers.
Wilkerson.” Two pages, 6 ¾” x 8 ½”.       you took a cry when you heard of             HIS FELLOW SOLDIERS                    Dated in type on page viii,
“Camp 18th Ala. Rgt. Allisonia, Tenn.”    our regiment being moved. It may          * 205                                     "New Orleans, 18th August 1862.” A
May 20, 1863. To “My Dear Nannie.”        prove to our advantage yet. Who           Autograph Letter Signed, “S.C.            detailed work presenting a list of pro-
Wilkerson writes, in part:                knows but that we will go into battle     Wilkerson.” Four pages, 7 ¼” x 9”.        duction, listed by planter and Parish,
                                          and then perhaps I may get a flesh        “Camp 18th Ala. Rgt. near Chattanooga,    including the name of the planta-
“I received your letter dated May 12th,   wound that will not pain me much          Tenn.” November 2, 1863. To “My           tion. Also lists the Sugar Crops in
and would have answered it imme-          and then I will be able to go home        dear Wife.” Wilkerson writes, in part:    Texas, 1859 and the Sugar Trade in
diately, but I had just written to you    and be with you for sometime.                                                       the United States. In his introduc-
that morning…I am so glad to think        …Many think we will have an en-           “My own dear wife, While on picket        tion, Champomier writes: “At the
that you will write oftener than you      gagement soon. I think it very            yesterday your kind letter of the 29th    date of my last annual report, 20th Febru-
have been writing. I am a little fear-    doubtful. No longer very cheerful         of last month was handed to me. I         ary, 1861, the sugar interest of Louisiana
ful the Yanks will get possession         news from Vicksburg. You seem to          assure you that I was glad to get it as   was prosperous, and the prospect of a good
of the M& O.R.R. and then I will          think my happiness is resting on          it was the first one I had received       crop was most encouraging…As to the crop
hardly hear from you if you remain        the fall of Vicksburg … I may be          since the 16th… I am almost ready to      now under cultivation, I regret to state that
in Macon…We have at last heard            shot and left a helpless creature for     say that I am sorry you came to se me     the general promise is most unfavorable. As
something more from Jackson. The          life and then perhaps you will wish       when I was at Tunnel Hill for when        usual a large crop was aimed at, but owing
news we have this evening is not as       you had not married until the war         I think of the pleasant hours I spent     to numerous disastrous crevasses which have
discouraging though things look           was over. I don’t think we commit-        with you pains me to think how much       inundated a large portion of many of the
rather gloomy in Miss. There is no        ted any great crime in marrying when      you suffered … Am much better             most productive Sugar Parishes of the State,
news from the front. It was a mis-        we did and I think thee is no use of      clad than thousands in this army          and the disasters attending the war, the crop
take that our army was drawn up in        our fretting over things that may         and have a better change to protect       will fall very far short of that of last year…
line of battle. You must never tell       never be… I hardly know what the          myself from the rain than many oth-       A considerable portion of the cane-growing
what I right as news for we hardly        matter with me is. I have been un-        ers .. I stand the hardships I once       country has been disturbed, while some plan-
expect a fight up here soon if we         manned ever since I have been up          thought would kill me. … when I           tations are left almost entirely bare of work-
ever have one. Don’t think Bragg          here. I sometimes think I will be well    look around me & see thousands            ing hands.” Sabin 11850; Jumonville,
will attack Rosecrans, or Rosecrans       in a few days at other times I am very    who have to stand more than my-           3242; Crandall 2903; Parrish &
will advance on Bragg. Time can           desponding. I wish I could go home        self, half clad and many without          Willingham: 5236. Light wear to front
only tell what ill be done. I am much     and be with you …” Minor discol-          shoes or blankets I feel thankful         cover, mostly Fine.                 $250 - up
                                          oration, else fine.          $125 - up    that I have been more fortunate and

                                                                                35
                                                                                                                                      brother left her money for her to
            COLONEL F.R. FARRAR,                                                                                                      take them and provide for them until
                                                                                                                                      someone who would want to adopt
        THE CREATOR OF THE ORIGINAL                                                                                                   children take them she would take
               “JOHNNY REB”                                                                                                           the child of any one would dress it up
                                                                                                                                      and bring it to her so we went to the father
                                                                                                                                      last Friday he said we might have her / he
                                                                                                                                      knew it was for the best but he felt bad so we
                                                                                                                                      took her just as she was / put a shawl over
                                                                                                                                      her I had some clothes given me for her this
                                                                                                                                      lady did not live far but you never saw any-
                                                                                                                                      thing like it / she did smell so bad
                                           * 207                                                                                      her little chemis was black / We
                                           Autograph Letter Signed, “F.R.                                                             took her clothes by the tongs and
                                           Farrar.” One page, 5”x8”.                                                                  put them out of the? It took us about a
                                           “Dratonville, Amelia.” “Feb 17th                                                           half an hour to clear her head it
                                           1868.” To “E.G. Leigh Esq.”                   THE PROVIDENCE                               was alive but we had to cheer as we
                                           Farrar writes: “Dear Sir, Your                  ASSOCIATION:                               felt we were doing good but it was
                                           favor with contents noted is at            A SAD STORY OF POVERTY                          dreadful we were so sick to our
                                           hand. Please accept my thanks                  AND ADOPTION                                stomachs... You shall have my daguerreo-
                                           (I will pay you at Amelia … the                                                            type soon...” A poignant story with
                                           difference between what I ex-            “...THEY WERE TWELVE FAMILIES IN ONE              many more details in the letter. In
                                           pected you to pay and what you           ROOM  I FOUND A MAN WITH ONLY ONE                 Fine condition.                    $150 - up
                                           did pay (Say $11.11) I enclose           LEG
                                           the bonds singed as reguested.            THE LITTLE GIRL...SMELL(ED) SO BAD
                                           Yours in haste. F.R. Farrar.”             HER LITTLE CHEMIS WAS BLACK / WE
                                                                                    TOOK HER CLOTHES BY THE TONGS...”
   After the American Civil War, F.R. Farrar, a former colonel in the
   Confederate Army, embarked on a popular humorous lecture series                  * 209
   of the subject of “Johnny Reb.” In these lectures, Johnny, the sympa-            Autograph Letter Signed. Boston,
   thetic Confederate everyman, and his wife attempt to negotiate the               Nov. 1861. 4 pp. 5" x 8" Accomplished
   difficulties they faced following the Confederate’s defeat. Confront-            by an unknown writer with colorful
   ing questions like “is white labor reliable?” these humorous lectures            patriotic letterhead, stamped. A sad
   were widely attended throughout the Southern United States in the                story is told of the poverty she/he
   post-war years.                                            $1,000 - up           encounters in Boston and the adop-
                                                                                    tion of a young child:
                                                                                    “...I don’t have anything to do to earn any-         CIVIL WAR SONG SHEET
                                         [sic] that I would be at home in June      thing but I have that a section in the Provi-          WITH ACCOMPANYING
                                         of July, but I won’t get to come be-       dence Association so I have a great many            HEARTWARMING LETTER
                                         fore August if then. C.P. Egger.”          poor families to visit / it takes a great deal      FROM A SOLDIER TO HIS
                                         Fine condition.                            of my time ¼                                                    DAUGHTER
                                                                                    I am going to tell you of an adventure that          ONE MONTH LATER HE
                                         2) Autograph Letter Signed, W[illiam]      I have had lately we employ a missionary up          WOULD BE TAKEN PRIS-
                                         A. Egger.” Two pages, 6 ½” x 2 ½”.         to the chapel she is said by the little those                        ONER
                                         No place. No date. To “Mrs. S. Mann.”      little boxes (?) you remember about them          * 210
                                         Egger writes:                              don’t?                                            [Civil War] Illustrated Songster: “To
                                                                                    And I go with her once a week / about a           My Loved One” by W. Walter Lowe,
                                         “Dear Cousin, I drop you a line. I am      fortnight ago here were in one of the worst       19th N.Y. Cavalry. Published by G. P.
                                         well at present and in as good spirits     places in Boston. We went into the                Hardwick, Washington, D.C. Delicate
                                         as could be expected. We are doing         house they were only twelve fami-                 and lightly gilt tinted image of a
   FIRST HAND ACCOUNTS                   fine except our rasstions [sic] are        lies in one room I found a man                    woman in the corner adorned by
     OF THE TRIALS FACED                 giting [sic] rather short. At one side     with only one leg he had three chil-              floral border with verses to the song
            BY MEMBERS                   we git [sic] plenty of meal and about      dren one little girl too is all boy for           “Air.” Inside a letter from NATHAN
   OF THE MISSISSIPPI 24TH               fourth ration of beef and it so poor       another six they were in extreme                  S. KEMP [Watertown, Mass. Enlisted
   DURING THE CIVIL WAR                  it takes about three to make a shadow.     Poverty the man told me his wife                  on 8/2/1864 as a Private, mustered
* 208                                    Then I feel thankful as long as I can      drank so bad that they could not                  into “I” Co. MA 39th Infantry.* POW
Autograph Letter Signed, “C[harles].P.   git [sic] bread for I fear the day is      have her at home he said he sold                  12/10/1864 Va. Died of disease 5/
Egger.” One page, 7 7/8” x 2 7/8”. No    close by when we won’t git [sic] that.     lead pencils and paper they’d out to              19/1865.]
place. No date. Accompanied by an        I want you to rite [sic] soon. Fail not.   get enough for them to eat that was               “Camp Near Petersburg, Nov. 4th 1864,
envelop addressed to “Charley P.         So fare well cousin. W.A. Egger.”          all the children were very bright looking         My little daughter Lizzie, I will rite (sic) a
Egger Shelbeville Tenisee[sic] in the    Minor tape repair, else fine.                                                                few lines to you to let you know what I have
case of Cp. M.M. Rowin.” To an           Private Charles P. and Musician Wil-       After I came home I could not keep that little    seen / I have seen about seventeen
unnamed correspondent. Egger             liam A. Egger both served in Com-          girl out of my mind a minute. I wanted to         thousand men all in uniform and
writes:                                  pany D of the Mississippi 24th Infan-      take her myself. I called there’s several times   guns marching to the battle field I
“After Dress parade the order was        try, also known as the Caledonia           during the week I knew that little girl would     can hear music almost all the time
Red [sic] this evening that all fur-     Rifles, of the Confederate Army. As        suffer for the want of cure or this winter¼ It    day and night I have heard the
loughs on the Reenlisting grades is      a regiment of the Army of Tennes-          is a darling little girl The idea of its living   minney balls whistle a number of
Stoped [sic] until the act of Servis     see, the 24th saw action during the        in such a place is dreadful to me the lady that   times I cannot rite anymore at this time.
[sic] is over. We can get one furlough   Tullahoma Campaign, the Atlanta            went with me the first time came to me the        You must be a good girl and go to school /
every month on the 227 order. I rote     Campaign, and at Chickamauga.              other day told me of a woman that takes           from your father, N.S. Kemp”. In Fine
                                                                      $150 - up     children whose parents give them away her         condition.                        $200 - up


                                                                               36
                                                  vative citizens strength to enable us to   fears / So that death he shall not
                                                  carry our state’s safely through           dread / All his friends are dear to
                                                  whatever dangers may be in store           him / And though he’s far away from      “Dear Judge…. As to the capture of two of
                                                  for us…Thos C. Reynolds.”                  home / Those dear friends are al-        our men and two boys of the 5th Regt-
                                                                                             ways with him / Inciting him to deeds    Don’t expect to hear of my getting caught in
                                                  At the time the war broke out, Mis-        of fame / But the Soldiers always        so small a trap as they were. The idea of two
                                                  souri, a slave state, adopted a posi-      wishing / That the time was quickly      men possessed of even the smallest modicum
                                                  tion that it would be remain in the        come / When he can prove his love        of the article called “common sense” getting
                                                  Union, but would not send troops           for those / Who were his friends         into a boat with two boys in open daylight
                                                  or supplies to either side. Leading        when far from home / But if I meet       and in full view of the enemies pickets delib-
                                                  eventually to the St. Louis massacre,      a soldier’s fate / And from this earth   erately rowing across the river within two
                                                  and other troubles, Missouri would         and called away / In heaven I hope       rods of the shore is preposterous.
                                                  see itself remain Union, but still         to meet my friends / When there is
                                                  earned a star on the Confederate flag.     no more parting day. Composed Sept.      They are a very small loss to the Regt., one of
                                                  Reynolds still considered himself the      12th 1863 By Saml. T. Newell Co D 2nd    them- Jack Ayers- I was well acquainted
                                                  elected Governor, but was unable to        U.S. Cav. Camp convalescent near Fort    with and I have no doubt but the
CONFEDERATE GOVERNOR                              defend this position and fled to           Albany Va.”                              rebels are sorry by this time that
        OF MISSOURI TO                            Texas. He returned to St. Louis after      During the American Civil War the        they took him. He was not the Jack
            HENDERSON,                            the war and killed himself by jump-        2nd United States Cavalry served in      Ayers you knew but a celebrated
     AUTHOR OF THE 13TH                           ing down an elevator shaft at the          the “Reserve Cavalry Brigade” in the     thief of North Street, Boston and
AMENDMENTJUST BEFORE                              Customs House in St. Louis in 1887.        Army of the Potomac and partici-         there is not a soldier in the Regt but
    LINCOLN IS ELECTED,                           A most extraordinary association sla-      pated in most major combat engage-       sleeps more securely since he is
            EXPRESSING                            very-related letter, at a crucial time,    ments of the eastern theater includ-     gone. The other- Jack Hare I do not know
       HIS CONFEDERATE                            from an important border state. In         ing Bull Run, Antietam, Gettysburg       personally but I hear that he is a chip off the
            SYMPATHIES                            Fine condition.              $300 - up     and Wilderness.Tape repair at folds,     same block. The two boys returned
* 211                                                                                        else fine.                  $100 - up    here to day the rebels evidently not
THOMAS CAUTE REYNOLDS                                                                                                                 liking the idea of feeding two boys
(1821-1887) Second Confederate gov-                                                                                                   who could be of no use to them.
ernor of Missouri.                                                                                                                    They were sent to Fortress Mon-
.Autograph Letter Signed. St. Louis,                                                                                                  roe and the officer in command
Missouri. October 13, 1860. 8”x 10”.                                                                                                  there forwarded them to this place.
1pp.
Reynolds writes to John Brooks                                                                                                        They report the two Jacks safe at
Henderson (1826-1913) who was a                                                                                                       Richmond although they were very
United States Senator from Missouri                                                                                                   nearly made acquainted with one
and the author of the 13th Amend-                                                                                                     of the uses of Hemp…Our last
ment to the United States Constitu-                                                                                                   camping place was called Sweet
tion. Seriously important content                                                                                                     Pleasant, also containing one
from the important keystone state                                                                                                     house and five or six negro huts.
before and during the Civil War.                                                                                                      Then there is Rum Point, two houses and a
Reynolds writes in his capacity as                                                                                                    Barn, and Liverpool point, One house., Such
Lieutenant Governor, expressing his                                                                                                   is the country in which we soldier….Our
pro-confederate sympathies. Shortly                                                                                                   Gunboats have plenty of exercise now, daily,
after this letter was sent to Henderson,                                                      8 PAGE CIVIL WAR LETTER                 with the Batteries opposite, but I have been
he along with Claiborne Jackson,                                                               WITH SUPERB CONTENT                    unable to go to the bank lately –
called the pro-Confederate legisla-
tors into session & passed an ordi-                                                           “…AS TO THE CAPTURE OF TWO OF           Three of Co. C’s men narrowly es-
nance of secession for Missouri.                                                              OUR MEN AND TWO BOYS OF THE 5TH         caped with their lives yesterday
                                                  *212
                                                                                                            REGT                      while viewing the engagement be-
“To the gentleman, On my return home              [CIVIL WAR] Autograph Poem
                                                                                                - DON’T EXPECT TO HEAR OF MY          tween our boats and one batteries
today from a long absence necessitated by the     “The Soldiers Friends” Signed, Saml.
                                                  T. Newell.” Two pages, 4 7/8” x 7 7/8”.
                                                                                              GETTING CAUGHT IN SO SMALL A TRAP       opposite. A shell burst within a
Serious illness of my wife, I found your letter                                                        AS THEY WERE…                  few feet of them and the fragments
of the 5th inst., inviting me to address the      “Camp convalescent,” Virginia. Sep-
                                                  tember 15, 1863. The poem reads:                                                    flew in all directions. They brought
democracy at Louisiana … The recent                                                          I HAVE NO DOUBT BUT THE REBELS ARE       three of the pieces weighing about six pounds
elections in Pennsylvania, Ohio and                                                          SORRY BY THIS TIME THAT THEY TOOK        each into camp with them…I had a splen-
Indiana amply demonstrate the                     “‘The Soldier Friends’ What is dearer
                                                                                                             HIM.                     did view of Mount Vernon on my trip to
rashness of dividing the Democratic               to the wanderer / When troubles
                                                  thick beset his path / Than to know                                                 and from Washington…beheld the Tomb of
party by making tests on abstract                                                            …THEY REPORT THE TWO JACKS SAFE          the father of our country…” Light soil-
questions conferring slavery in the               that he has friends / Both in heaven
                                                                                                     AT RICHMOND                      ing, a few tiny fold separations, mostly
territories, while a powerful sec-                and on earth / What is dearer to the
                                                  Solider / Fighting in his country’s
                                                                                              ALTHOUGH THEY WERE VERY NEARLY          Fine.                              $250 - up
tional organization is aiming at the                                                          MADE ACQUAINTED WITH ONE OF THE
possession the general government                 cause / Than friends that will en-
                                                                                                      USES OF HEMP…”
in order to attack slavery in the                 courage him / To support his
                                                                                             * 213
states.                                           country’s laws / What is dearer to
                                                                                             [CIVIL WAR] Autograph Letter
I still have hopes that the “sober                the Soldier / Than kind words from
                                                                                             Signed. Headquarters, Cedar Shades,
second thought” of the people in                  those he loves / And to know in
                                                                                             Md. December 21, l86l. 8 pp. Signed
the great central states will secure              time of danger / That he’s got a friend
                                                                                             “Iquibob or Squeen” (?) Quarter
the defeat of Mr. Lincoln, But should             above / One that’s able to protect
                                                                                             Master Dept 1st Reg. Excelsior Bri-
those hopes be disappointed, the democracy of     him / No matter where his foot-
                                                                                             gade, Washington D.C. superb con-
Missouri should seek in union of all conser       steps leads / Who can quiet all his
                                                                                             tent:

                                                                                         37
  MAJOR THOMAS MORRIS,
UNDER THE COMMAND OF
      GENERAL SHERMAN,                      JOHN ANDREW AND THE                                               LINCOLN
          RECOUNTS THE                        SUPPLY OF TROOPS
    HORRORS OF WAR AND
  THE TRAGIC LOSS OF HIS                   * 215
         BROTHER IN 1864                   John Andrew (1818-1867). Governor
* 214                                      of Massachusetts during the Civil
Dear Mother, This morning quiet            War. Autograph Letter Signed twice,
reigns- for the first time in two weeks    “John Andrews” and “J.A..A.,” on
do we rest from battle and the roar        Commonwealth of Massachusetts
of artillery & the sharp crack of          Executive Department stationery.
musketry has subsided and is not           Three pages, 7 ¾” x 9 ¾”. “Boston.”
heard along our line. The Rebels have      December 18, 1862. To “ Mrs. Olivia
fallen back, how far I do not know.        Bowditch 112 Boylston Pl..” Andrew
This is the third time we have driven      writes:
them from their stronghold- their          “My dear Madam. In reply to your
chosen position & fortified post. First    note of Dec. 17th, about gloves for
from Buzzard Roost then from               the 1st Cavalry, I must reply that no
Resaca & lastly, from Altoona & this       funds from which anything can be
place. The army is taking a little rest    appropriated for this purpose are at
form the labor which it has gone           my disposal or within my reach. In
through. Mother this Army under            the regular service the Cavalry pur-
the leadership of W.T. Sherman has         chase their own gloves from the
done wonders. This is a fine Army          company fund & the Volunteer Cav-
                                                                                           ON ABRAHAM LINCOLN ELECTION LETTERHEAD
and I think will be successful wher-       alry have even better opportunities
                                                                                         * 216
ever it goes. Thus far Johnston has        for doing this than the regulars ever
                                                                                         Autograph Letter Signed, Chatham, R.I.. July 30, 1860. On rare beard-
been outgeneraled every time. Dear         have before the recent legislation;
                                                                                         less Lincoln election special letterhead engraved & published by E.
Mother by the blessing of kind Provi-      and I can see no reason why they
                                                                                         Meade, Chicago. 1½ pp. 5¾” x 7¼”. “D. Tolcott Norton”. Atmo-
dence I am still spared and well.          should not procure them in this same
                                                                                         sphere letter with discussions regarding purchasing sheep; going to
Would to God it was so of that Dear        way from their own savings. Out of
                                                                                         Orleans and a ranch in Texas. Accompanied by original postal
son and Brother, James who fell on         their commissary stores. Improper
                                                                                         envelope. Fine.                                            $400 - up
the 27th of May. I did not learn of his    articles furnished to the troops, (such
death until the first of this month. I     as the boots named), may be con-
could not leave my command as we           demned and rejected by a survey, or
were right in front of the Rebs &          they may be issued to them at a lower
engaged with them & Capt. Miles said       price. When I was, not long ago in         CIVIL WAR JOURNALIST
he could not learn where I was …You        Washington, a large part of the 1 st          GEORGE ALFRED                        coln in the casket and also Socialite
have no Idea of a Battle. I am sick and    Cavalry was there, under the com-         TOWNSEND REFLECTS ON                     Kate Chase Sprague, Justice Salmon
tired of war and was it not that the       mand of Major Curtis, and there re-        HIS THOUGHTS SEEING                     Chases’ daughter.
same necessity still exists that caused    fitted with all things of which they      LINCOLN IN THE CASKET
me to enter the Army, I would not          were in need. They should have re-                                                 “The day of Mr. Lincoln’s funeral
stay 24 hours if I could get out, such     jected any articles of inadequate qual-                                            I gazed down into his face as he lay
                                                                                       “I GAZED DOWN INTO HIS FACE AS HE      in the coffin at the at the White
is my love for the Army. I detest it in    ity. It is not in my power to do any-         LAY IN THE COFFIN …SOMETIME
all its factions but this is not time to   thing about the matter, as you re-                                                 House, Sometime before the dip-
                                                                                         BEFORE THE DIPLOMATS….PEOPLE
falter & I will go on an do my part        quest; and I hope that the company                                                 lomats and our government people
                                                                                        ASSEMBLED & THOUGHT HIS TAKING
the best I can, live or die. Dear          may obtain the gloves, either through                                              assembled & thought his taking off
                                                                                               OFF WAS HIS INJURY”
Mother, Father, Brothers & Sisters at      the efforts of their friends here, or                                              was his injury.
                                                                                     * 217                                    That day, as I pressed down the
home, what a terrible stroke this          in the way above suggested from the       GEORGE                     ALFRED
wicked and Murderous rebellion has         company savings. I have the honor                                                  White House steps after the funeral
                                                                                     TOWNSEND (1841-1914), Journal-           I saw a singularly attractive fash-
brought us … no doubt the enemy            to be madam. Very respectfully &          ist. Commencing 1860 at the Philadel-
buried him with hundreds of oth-           sincerely Your obedient servant John                                               ionable looking lady on the steps,
                                                                                     phia Inquirer, War correspondent for     pausing . They told me it was Miss.
ers without marking his grave & an-        Andrews. PS Many cases of com-            the New York Herald and the New York
other thing the Army will move it &        plaints accused by the incompetency                                                Kate Chase Sprague, daughter of
                                                                                     World. His accounts of the war’s final   the Chief Justic,e and I’d almost
it will be impossible to identify his      or drunkenness of brigade quarter         battles and of Lincoln’s assassination
remains. Col. Grey & Capt Miles told       masters or other brigade or division                                               murmured that Mr. Lincoln could
                                                                                     won him nationwide recognition. He       not live like them.
me if it was possible they … would         regt officer. Often men in such           continued to become one of the
endeavor to take them up and bury          cases… loudly persistently and val-                                                But I have lived to see how perfect
                                                                                     most important journalists of the re-    was Mr. Lincoln’s life at his death,
them decently and mark their graves        iantly complain. Some do so and yet       construction period.
… His valuables can never be got as        the does not ….J.A.A.”       $250 - up                                             and how living beyond one’s real
they rob the dead. … Dear Mother                                                                                              life brought to the chief justice
                                                                                     Autograph Letter Signed. 2 pp. in        mortification and to his beautiful
there is one consolation- if fall he                                                 total, 1½ pages in type with Army
must he fell with his face to the foe                                                                                         daughter poverty so I regard death
                                                                                     Corespondents Memorial letterhead,       as the best friend of man when he
and within feet of their works and                                                   being a solicitation to donate money
not as a skulk. Let us bear it was well                                                                                       cannot improve upon his past.
                                                                                     to a Maryland Memorial to Surviving      George Alfred Townsend.” A strik-
as we can. He is gone & we mourn                                                     Army correspondents and “literary-
his loss as many others do their loved                                                                                        ing & emotive letter from one of
                                                                                     minded men of the American Civil         the country’s great journalists. Not
ones. Give my love to all … I am                                                     War.” One half page below George
nearly worn out with constant labor                                                                                           dated, but likely mid 1890’s. Lightly
                                                                                     Alfred Townsend has penned his           toned, mostly Fine.        $300 - up
… I am your son Thomas. $200 - up                                                    poignant thoughts upon seeing Lin

                                                                                38
                                             A VISIT WITH PRESIDENT LINCOLN
   “CARDS AND LETTERS...WOULD ACCUMULATE & AFTER BEING HANDED INTO THE PRESIDENTS ROOM
                  ...THE PRESIDENT WOULD SWEEP THE WHOLE MESS INTO THE FIRE! “
 “... I HEARD A SHOT FIRED IN THE PRESIDENT’S ROOM...HE IS TRYING THE CARBINE FIRING OUT OF HIS
                                            WINDOW!”
* 218
[LINCOLN]Autograph Letter Signed “William.” Metropolitan Hotel, Sept. 4., 1863. Four lengthy quarto pages on very rare View of
Washington by W.H. & G.H. Morrison letterhead.
We can say without hesitation this is one of the finest letters regarding a personal encounter with Abraham Lincoln in a most elegant
presentation we have had the honor to handle. William details with fine pen his extraordinary encounter in the Oval Office with one of
                                               America’s greatest Presidents:
                                                            “I have just come from an interview with President Lincoln and not a little amused by my
                                                            observation upon the ….seat of vast power wielded by a man so unpretending and unassuming.
                                                             The commissioner of the Department of Agriculture from whom my appointment was received kindly offered to
                                                            get me an interview with the President. He came for me in his carriage about ½ past 9 AM today. When we
                                                            reached the White House the Pt. was engaged with a Committee from New Jersey and soon after we have
                                                            obtained a seat in the office of his private Secretary. The halls, and rooms adjoining began to fill
                                                            with applicants for interviews, cards and letters accumulating on the table of the door-
                                                            keeper Louis Randolph, an Irishmen or German perhaps, who told me that often piles would accumulate &
                                                            after being handed into the Presidents room and he had been bout The president would
                                                            sweep the whole mess into the fire!
                                                            While I was waiting...I had a chance to observe the workings of the machinery around the
                                                            Prst. Major General Carle Schultz...a rather good looking man came out of the Pt. room
                                                            with the cigar in his mouth which he wished to light at the Secretary desk “not that cigar
                                                            Genl but a fresh one” said the Secy. Peering in from the main entry into the vestibule in which I stood
                                                            my hour and a half most of the time and occasionally some passing to the Secy room when the mixed multitude
                                                            ....State, Military men Women...and men from all quarters awaiting admission. One came in with the
                                                            new carbine to be shown the Pt. explained its operation to the doorkeeper who is in
                                                            managing man and thought the committee from New Jersey who had occupied the Pt.
                                                            time long enough said he could not remember all the directions and took the carbine and
                                                            man into the Pt.
                                                        He often tries in the P.M. their new arms and is said to be a good shot. Soon after the
                                                        committee left and I heard a shot fired in the President’s room; There said Doorkeeper
he is trying the carbine firing out of his window! reminding me of Charlotte Bronte’s father working off his wrath. Soon after a couple of course
farmer women dark with tan and dirt accompanied by an old man of similar aspect came in and there at once admitted to the President ahead of all others. Soon after
the Door Keeper went in and he came out said these women had been to the Pt. Retreat last night with some complaint and he had appointed to meet them in the morning
and was writing a long letter for them when they left.


 I was admitted. My introducer Mr. Martin (but I am too fast) before I got in awhile waiting at the door a woman came in and tried to force her way
into the room. Her eye was laden with grief almost desperation, but the Door Keeper kept her back she said she had a letter to which she
was to deliver in to the Pt. own hand. Just can’t do it said the Keeper she insisted but was again repulsed and commanded to go into the vestibule but when I went
in my friend was entrusted by the Door Keeper with the woman’s letter.
Her husband was dead and she had a son at Mannasas whom she traveled whom she had traveled hundreds of miles to see but the rigorous rules barred
her from going into the lines of the Army and someone had given her this letter which the Pt. said he did not thank them for doing he
made an endorsement upon the letter referring the poor desperate woman to the War Dept.
My friend then shew the Pt. a letter which he had received from some Agricultural Society Scy. which spoke of Gilmore being that the Gate of Pandemonium
throwing such fire in Charleston which if worse than Hellfire he hoped he would give them a dose of it: and the whole note was in this
strain and most forcible an emphatic. The Pt. laughed heartily and read it aloud to us rung his bell for one of the papers reporters and said that must be published it was
too good to lose
Then my friend left me all along with the Pt. & I presented my letter made my communications ... I congratulated him in the name of Gov. Smith upon the success...of his
administration to which he replied say to him when you see him I thank him, in a tone deep and sincere and apparently heartfelt I remarked
that I was glad to have seen him as President at the head of the country in a time so much peril he said he was glad to have served
...I observed he had variety enough in the elements surrounding him...he replied he had good news this morning from the California Election! I then made
my exit not a little amused with all I had seen.I hope I have given you an idea if only a faint one of the interview with the President of the United States...William”
It would be hard to find a better Lincoln related letter than this. In Choice condition.                                                                     $1,000 - up




                                                                                  39
                                                    •it will be bloody and terrible to
                                                    exceed any thing heard of in mod-                SLAVERY AND BLACK HISTORY
                                                    ern warfare under an able General of the
                                                    Army of the Potomac could do any do any
                                                    thing that is within mortal scope: I enclose a
                                                    picture we had taken other day. Ginnie
                                                    was down to have a large painted Photo-
                                                    graph executed...” Some toning, fold
                                                    separations. Complete, rich with
  HE HELPED CAPTURE                                 historic content and Very Rare.                  1791 LETTER CONCERNING THE HORRORS OF THE
 THOSE INVOLVED IN THE                                                               $750 - up             HAITIAN SLAVE UPRISING IN HISPANIOLA
 CONSPIRACY TO MURDER
        LINCOLN                                                                                        “AT THIS MOMENT THAT RICH CITY IS NOW ONE
                                                                                                                             HEAP OF ASHES
  “WHEN THE GENERAL ENGAGEMENT                                                                          … AND AS MANY WHITE PEOPLE MURDERED AS
                 DOES COME                                                                                                 THEY COULD GET”
 IT WILL BE BLOODY AND TERRIBLE TO                                                                   * 221
    EXCEED ANY THING HEARD OF IN                                                                     Autograph Letter Signed. “Waltrough” New London, Sept 17, 1791.
          MODERN WARFARE”                                                                            1 page. 7½ x 10”. The Caribbean island of Hispaniola, or Haiti had
* 219                                                                                                long been a colony populated by slaves, numbering their white
[LINCOLN ASSASSINATION].                                                                             counter parts 10 to 1. On August 21, 1791, the Haitian war of inde-
HENRY WARREN SMITH                                                                                   pendence began in flames. There was a gruesome slave uprising and
(1836-1869). Bvt. Lt. Col.; responsible                                                              the writer details the horrors.
                                                         NEWS OF LINCOLN’S
for and shared reward for the appre-                 ASSASSINATION REACHES
hension of Mary Surrat and Lewis                                                                     “The other morning in stepping in to the stage my surprise was great at a meeting
                                                     GLASGOW SCOTLAND JUST                           Fauxes! servt & hearing from him that his master LM were in London. I was
Payne late in the evening of April 17,                    WEEKS AFTER THE
1865.                                                                                                obliged to go down to
                                                                 TRAGEDY                             New London immediately instead of proceeding home - on meeting Fauxes
                                                    * 220                                            my heart fairly bled to hear the melancholy details of the horrors
Autograph Letter Signed, Headquar-                  In the postscript of a two page let-
ters Department of Washington, Dis-                                                                  committed by the Negroes in the Hispaniola.
                                                    ter to the U.S. based Singer Manu-
charge Office, Washington, D.C.,                    facturing Company, a Scottish mer-
April 27, 1864, 4 pp. 8”x 10”. Only                                                                  They have destroyed the finest and richest part of the colony and
                                                    chant laments, “We have read with                continued their savages. The Cape was in danger and no saying,
ten days after Smith had found and                  the utmost horror the dastardly as-
arrested Surratt & Payne with a strong                                                               but at this moment that rich city is now one heap of ashes. however
                                                    sassination of your late lamented &
flowing and fiery pen he writes to                                                                   we must not give vent to the most gloomy ideas but rather hope for better news.
                                                    most worthy President Lincoln.” Al-
his brother, Union Surgeon Joseph                   though British opinion towards Lin-
R. Smith on the cataclysmic final days                                                               A general embargo has taken place probably you have no intelli-
                                                    coln had been decidedly antagonist
as surrender was being negotiated                                                                    gence of this disaster. From Port a Poix (Port Au Prince) to the
                                                    in the early years of the Civil War,
and our martyred president was still                                                                 Petit Anne was entirely destroyed and as many white people mur-
                                                    the Emancipation Proclamation and
lying in state :                                                                                     dered as they could get- It is supposed The Quarters Morin & Lemonade
                                                    the Gettysburg Address inspired
                                                                                                     (the Royal Palace?) was destroyed the next day you must excuse brevity. Vanise is
                                                    pro-Union rallies throughout Brit-
“I suppose you are on your winding way by                                                            gone to Havannah, but must return to the Cape Mr. Fauxis & his lady come
                                                    ain, and news of his assassination
this time, so I will send this to Genl. Steele’s                                                     with come on with us to Philadelphia we shall proceed on as fast as possible / on
                                                    united the whole English speaking
care. There is no news. I see by the N. York                                                         Tuesday we leave this — I have The consined (sic) Mr. McCormick to purchase
                                                    world in mourning the fallen de-
papers that the Court Martial has decided                                                            me two beds in case he Should Want the money to pay for them, pray advance it
                                                    fender of liberty. A fine, heartfelt
unfavorably for Genl. Hammond and that                                                               for me. I shall sail from your city immediately after my arrival to the Cape-no
                                                    reference penned just three weeks
he is to be dismissed the Service of the U.S.                                                        business done there at present. We are all well. I embrace you My D. Wachsmuth
                                                    after the tragic event.    $200 - up
but the papers are I suspect premature in                                                            & am assured…”
their announcement. Grant is concen-
trating an immense army in front                                                                     In 1790, a year before this letter was penned, the natives of Hispaniola
of Lee and I suppose intends crush-                                                                  had received news of the French Revolution. It had a powerful
ing him at one fell swoop. Lee is a                                                                  impact on the island and the long restless slave population. French
wary customer and may slip away                                                                      soldiers had given the Negroes and Mulattos the fraternal embrace,
from him and turn up some where                                                                      and announced that the National Assembly in France had declared
else. I see Steele is advancing                                                                      all men free and equal. It did not take long for the ideas of Enlight-
bravely, and I suppose you will serve nice                                                           enment philosophy to percolate through the island.
field service I should like to be there with you,                                                    When the promises made by Declaration of the Rights of Man were
and see some western fighting. Burnside’s                                                            denied to the colored population, it served to instigate widespread
Corps 30,000 strong passed through                                                                   slave uprisings. Over the next three weeks, the Haitian slaves burned
the city day before yesterday En route                                                               every plantation throughout the fertile regions of Haiti and ex-
I suppose to the Army of the                                                                         ecuted all Frenchmen they could find. The French fled to the
Potomac and other troops and                                                                         seacoast towns and pleaded with France to help them out while the
Corps are coming on which will                                                                       island burned. A fascinating insight from a man who witnessed the
swell the ranks of the Army of the                                                                   horrible massacre. Slightly toned, with fold mark, otherwise Fine.
Potomac to a number Exceeding                                                                                                                                      $750 - up.
that of any previous periods all of
them Veteran Warriors too, so when
the general Engagement does come


                                                                                                40
                                                 “… when the vessel was completely                 “The R Road I speak of is no fic-              The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen
  THE SLAVER SHIP SOPHIA                         fitted. as a slaver, the deponent with            tion / it is now being prosecuted &            and Abandoned Lands, often re-
* 222                                            the rest of the original crew were                the navigation of the Tennessee is             ferred to as the Freedmen’s Bureau,
 [SLAVE TRADE] The African slave                 put on shore and paid off by Hale,                a far more desirable …than the                 was established in the War Depart-
trade was outlawed in the U.S. in 1807.          and their places supplied by the                  Missouri…the land is covered with timber       ment by an act of March 3, 1865.
After that, all slave ships leaving Af-          Portugese crew. That during all this              …and with the Negroes no great                 Charged with supervising all relief
rica were legally pirate vessels sub-            time. that is to say from the arrival until the   expense would be encountered in                and educational activities relating to
ject to capture by the American and              departure of the vessel from Benguella. Hale      opening out the land and constructing neces-   refugees and freedmen, the Bureau,
British navies.                                  and Sumner remained onboard giving                sary building…” An insightful com-             as this order illustrates, simulta-
                                                 directions...while the American Flag              mentary at a time when buying and              neously assumed custody of confis-
In 1841, the brig Sophia made a suc-             was kept flying up to the evening                 selling human beings was the norm              cated lands or property in the former
cessful run from Africa to Brazil in             of the mailing...when a cargo of                  in these regions. Few minor fold               Confederate States, border states,
1841, with a load of 500 captives. Once          slaves were put on-board during                   separations. Very readable and Fine.           District of Columbia and Indian Ter-
safely docked, she was burned to the             the night.”                                                                       $200 - up      ritory. For a short period after its
water line, “being a telltale liability                                                                                                           formation, the Bureau funded itself
worth only a small fraction of [her]             Victor Alexander, The man who                                                                    by selling and renting lands which
recent cargo.” [Hanging Captain                  signed with his “X” mark at the end                                                              had been confiscated during the war;
Gordon: The Life and Trial of an                 of the deposition, states “he was on                                                             however, President Johnson under-
American Slave Trader]. The Sophia’s             the beach and saw many of the                                                                    mined this source of revenue by
sordid story lies in small pieces in             slaves so embarked— That while on                                                                returning all lands to the pre-Civil
the library of Congress where it                 board as Steward. he said he ..saw the Monte                                                     War owners in 1866, thus keeping
notes: “Sophia, of New York, ships               Videan flag and a set of Monte Videan                                                            freed slave from gaining access to
750 slaves for Brazil. House Doc._,              papers, but as the vessel sailed in the                                                          these lands and stripping the Bureau,
29 Cong. 1 sess. III. No. 43, pp. 3-8,           night,...does not know what flag (if any)                                                        which was ultimately dissolved by
1841” This same year, 1841, the US               was hoisted.”                                                                                    President Johnson in 1868, of its pri-
Supreme Court ruled in US v                                                                                                                       mary source of funding.
Amistad, set them free and they to               Completely separated at center fold,                                                             Very minor discoloration, else fine.
returned Africa. We present a very               and slightly at trifolds, light age wear,                                                                                    $200 - up
historically significant legal record            otherwise Fine. Official Seal Affixed.
of the ship Sophia, long after the               Absolutely fascinating account of a                                                                      NATIVE
African slave trade had ended, which             slavership with an American Flag.
sailed with an American flag.                    Extremely Rare.                 $400 - up                                                               AMERICANS
Document Signed. City of Rio de
Janeiro, Consulate of the United                                                                       FREEDMEN BUREAU
States of Rio de Janeiro. 1841. “Geo                                                                          CIRCULAR
W. Slocum” U.S. Consul 4 pp. Deposi-                                                                 GENERAL ORDERS, NO 10
tion given regarding the Brig “Sophia”                                                             * 224
converted to a slaver by her officers                                                              Printed Circular. One page, 4 ¾” x
at Benguella, Coast of Africa, with a                                                              8”. Richmond, Va. September 16,
new crew, false papers and flag, and a                                                             1865. The document reads:
cargo of slaves:.
                                                                                                   “BUREAU OF REFUGEES,
“Consulate of the United States Rio de             SLAVES AT CUMBERLAND,                           FREEDMEN & ADAN’D. LANDS.                         A GRISLY REMINDER OF
Janeiro, Personally appeared before the under-                 MARYLAND                            Head Quarters Asst. Commissioner,                AMERICA’S VIOLENT PAST:
signed Consul of the United States, at the         “I HAVE PURCHASED ONE                           State of Virginia., Richmond, Va,. 16th,          A RECEIPT OF PAYMENT
City of Rio de Janeiro, Victor Alexander,                        WOMAN                             Sept, 1865. General Orders, NO 10.                 FOR THE DELIVERY OF
late steward, of the brig, “Sophia” of New                 ABOUT 22 YEARS                          Abandoned lands held by this Bu-                      TWO CROW SCALPS
York, Matthew Hale, Master…deposed -               OLD…ALSO A MAN AND A                            reau, may be restored to owners par-           * 225
That he, deponent, on a voyage to                                  BOY..”                          doned by the President, by the As-             One page, 4” x 7 ½”. “Westmoreland
the coast of Africa and back to Rio              * 223                                             sistant Commissioners to whom ap-              County.” June 2, 1849. Docketing on
de Janeiro. That two Portugese -                 Autograph             Letter          Signed.     plications for such restoration should         verso reads: No. 15 certificate 2 Crow
“Feneira” and “Joaquein”... sailed               Cumberland, Maryland, March 31,                   be forwarded, so far as practicable            scalps 16.” The document reads “To
on the vessel...”                                1849. 3 ½ pp. 4to. “J.J. Shriver” (?) to a        through the Superintendents of the             wit, James Gregory produced to me
                                                 Doctor. Half of the contents of this              Districts, in which the lands are situ-        the s calps of two Crows which he
The document continues to detail                 interesting missive is concerning the             ated. Each application must be ac-             made oath were killed in said County
how the two Portugese lived in the               purchase of slaves:                               companied by- 1st. Evidence of spe-            given under my hand and seal this
cabin during voyage and one di-                  “…I have been washing for the last 8 days         cial pardon by the President, or a             2nd June 1849- - - - - - Thos. Brown,
rected shipfitting as a slaver. Soon             partly to have a man return who has a boy         copy of the oath of amnesty pre-               J.P.”
after they arrived in Banguella, 8 Por-          & girl, the first 14 the other 20 years           scribed in the President’s Proclama-
tuguese were put on board, Joaquein              old first rate Negroes. …think I have             tion of May 29, 1865, when the appli-          As our document illustrates, the sav-
directed the fixtures of false decks,            been cheated as he is older than I think…they     cant is not included in any of the             age act of scalping was not isolated
gratings. stowage of water casks. pro-           ask for him $450 which is $100 more than          classes therein excepted from the              to Native Americans alone. Rather,
visions etc.. etc. Hale and Sumner               I ought to give…” He proposes to the              benefits of said oath. 2d. Proof of            bounties were often placed upon the
directed the American crew in their              doctor moving out West and buying                 title 3d. Evidence that the United             scalps of Native Americans (adult and
work on the deck, setting up and                 land in Tennessee and Missouri with               States has not acquired title to the           child as well as male and female) as
upraising rigging, etc, and describe             the doctor’s “negroes,” gives descrip-            Land by Sale, Confiscation or other-           the nation expanded. While the
after all the false facades had been             tions and prices of land being looked             wise. O. Brown Colonel & Ass’t,                amount of bounties ranged widely,
made:                                            into. He then concludes:                                                                         our document, noting a payment of
                                                                                                   Commissioner.”                                 only eight cents per a scalp, shows

                                                                                               41
the small value placed upon Native
Americans in Westmoreland Coun-
try, Montana, during the mid-nine-
teenth century. A truly chilling re-
minder of the sometimes dark his-
tory of American expansion.
                          $250 - up




   A GRISLY REMINDER OF
  AMERICA’S VIOLENT PAST:
      A RECEIPT FOR THE
     DELIVERY OF THREE
           CROW SCALPS                                                                                                         CHOCTAWS,
      BY AN INDENTURED                                                                                                  TURKISH CAPTIVITY,
              SERVANT                                                                                                    DEATH, INSANITY,
* 226                                                                                                                  MISSIONARY WORK…
One page, 4” x 7 ½”. “West                                                                                        * 228
M[oreland] County.” May 18, 1849.              LAND LEASE SIGNED BY MEMBERS OF THE                                [NATIVE AMERICAN, EARLY
Docketing on verso reads: No. 6 cer-        NARRAGANSETT COUNCIL, INCLUDING DANIEL                                AMERICAN LIFE] Autograph
tificate for 3 Scalps 24 cents.” The        PERRY, A NATIVE AMERICAN WHO SERVED FOR                               Letter Signed. “S. Symmes”.
document reads: “to wit Dick a ser-           RHODE ISLAND DURING THE REVOLUTION.                                 Stockbridge, Mass November 18,
vant of Thos. Brown provided to          * 227                                                                    1829. 3 pp. folio with integral ad-
me the scalps of three Crows which       “This Indenture of Lease made this the Fourth day of March 1800          dress leaf to Mrs. Poell, Lewis Town,
he made oath agreeably to lay were       by and between the Indian Council Namely John Seketor, Augustus          Mifflin County Pennsylvania. With
killed in Said County. Given under       Starry, Joseph Commock, John Harry, Joseph Perry, Lodowick Hope,         a clean , clear and artistic pen the
my hand this 18 May 1849. Rbt.           Gideon Nookeeg… and Capt. Joseph Horsey… the Said Indian                 author touches on life, death, insan-
Channing”                                Council doth lease unto him … one certain tract or Parcel of Land        ity and commitment to an asylum;
As our document illustrates, the sav-    situate lying & being in Charleston… containing in estimation six-       Marriages, compassion shown to a
age act of scalping was not isolated     teen acres…for the term of four years from the fifth day of March        dying slave: “Mum Bett, an old do-
to Native Americans alone. Rather,       1804…And at the end and expiration of said lease the sd. Horsie          mestic of the Sedgwick family;” a
bounties were often placed upon the      doth agree to give up …Peaceable possession of the above sur-            book on a friend’s journal of a trip
scalps of Native Americans (adult and    mised promises unto the Indian Council or their lawful                   to Turkey, ransom of another writ-
child as well as male and female) as     representatives…Signed Sealed & Delivered in the presence of Jos.        ers mother and family from Turk-
the nation expanded. While the           Stanton. Herbert Potter, John Seketor, Augustus Starry, Joseph           ish captivity; “preparing a box with
amount of bounties ranged widely,        Commock, John Harry, Gideon Nookeeg, Jos. Horsey…”                       clothing for the Choctaw Indians
our document, noting a payment of                                                                                 at the Aunkan Station in Missis-
only eight cents per a scalp, shows      All Native Americans have signed the document with their mark in         sippi territory - they said the want
the small value placed upon Native       assent to the lease.                                                     of clothes is a great obstacle to the
Americans in Westmoreland Coun-                                                                                   children’s coming to school they
                                         As the 18th century drew to a close, life grew increasing harsh for
try, Montano, during the mid-nine-                                                                                do not like to appear before the
                                         Rhode Island’s Narragansett Indians. In 1792, the state abolished the
teenth century. In addition to the                                                                                whites in their birth-day suits. A
                                         position of the Sachem, the tribe’s leader, and replaced him with a
horrific nature of the act itself, the                                                                            young missionary from this town is gone
                                         council, effectively cutting the Narragansett off from their en-
payment of this bounty to a inden-                                                                                there-he is a well educated man he has met
                                         trenched traditions. Additionally, the increasing number of colo-
tured servant serves as a chilling re-                                                                            with a missionary woman at Cincinnati
                                         nists depleted the tribe’s traditional farming and hunting grounds
minder of the inequalities and injus-                                                                             whom he married and who is to be his
                                         and, through land grants, reduced the tribe’s lands to 15,000 acres.
tices that were tolerated and advanced                                                                            helpmate in the task of enlightening the
                                         Helpless to stop the aggressive colonists, the tribe was slowly forced
throughout the American nation’s                                                                                  natives…There have been such remarkable
                                         to adopt the colonists lifestyle, a fact attested to by the European
long history.                $250 - up                                                                            cures performed in the lunatic institution at
                                         names of the Indian Council Members on our document.
                                                                                                                  Hartford…”
                                         This rare, Native American signed document, especially unique in          A content-rich letter which covers
                                         that it concerns a land grant in the more heavily colonized North-       a wide variety of fascinating areas.
                                         east United States, is also signed by an individual with an especially   Light fold separation reinforced
                                         interesting history. Daniel Perry, a member of the Narragansett Tribal   with archival tape, otherwise Fine.
                                         Council, was among the minority of Native Americans who served                                            $250 - up
                                         in a Rhode Island regiment of Continental Army during the Revo-
                                         lutionary War. Sadly, Perry’s service to the American cause was not
                                         enough to stay the advances of the colonial settlers into the ever
                                         dwindling traditional lands of the Narragansett.          $3,000 - up




                                                                         42
                                        1773 EARLY AMERICAN IMPRINT:
                                  NARRATIVE OF THE INDIAN CHARITY SCHOOL
                                NOW INCORPORATED WITH DARTMOUTH-COLLEGE

                                            * 229
                                            1773 Bound pamphlet: A CONTINUATION OF THE NARRATIVE OF THE INDIAN CHARITY SCHOOL,
                                            BEGUN IN LEBANON, IN CONNECTICUT; NOW INCORPORATED WITH DARTMOUTH-COLLEGE,
                                            IN HANOVER, IN THE PROVINCE OF NEW-HAMPSHIRE. by Eleazar Wheelock D.D.: President of
                                            Dartmouth College: Hartford: 1773. 68pp in self wraps. “Eleazar Wheelock was, a graduate from Yale in 1733,
                                            pastor of the Second (North) Society in Lebanon, and a popular preacher during the Great Awakening. He
                                            began the Charity School (first called More’s Charity School, after Col. Joshua More, who contributed a
                                            house and school-house) in 1754, and by 1765 had some forty-six pupils, all supported by charity. In 1769
                                            Wheelock was given a charter to establish Dartmouth College, which he did in 1770, and became its first
                                            president.” (Streeter Sale.)
                                             Wheelock’s plan for the School, formed to instruct Indians and train them “as missionaries and teachers to
                                            their respective tribes” [DAB], was inspired by his having taught Samson Occom in the 1740’s. This scarce
                                            pamphlet, 7th in a series of 8, provides information on the School from September 26, 1772 to September
                                            26, 1773. This edition is remarkable for its inclusion of the Abstract of the Journal of a Mission to the
                                            Delaware Indians West of the Ohio, in 1772 and 1773, by David McClure and Levi Frisbie. FIRST EDITION.
                                            Evans 13077. Howes W331aa. VII Streeter Sale 406. Field 1644. Sabin 103210. ExLibris stamp from the Maine
                                            Historical Society, 1822; sewn with original thread, a few ink notations to cover page wrap, light browning to
                                            edges. Altogether Fine condition.                                                                   $1,500 - up




                                          race and prays that there may be some    January 26th 1859. “ I have the honor          HISTORICAL
                                          reform in the Indian service. States    to enclose for your consideration a
                                          that there are a horde of vampires      copy of a communication addressed              AUTOGRAPHS
                                          fattening upon the poor Indian.         to this Department on the 20th inst.
                                          Hopes that Browning will appoint a      by the Commissioner of Indian Af-
                                          Commissioner of Indians who will        fairs in relation to the Indiana 5 pr.
                                          not steal from them. Whipple writes     ct. stock held by this Department in
                                          of his 1,500 mile journey among the     trust for the Pottawatomies & oth-
                                          Indians. A tremendous letter from a     ers, and to recommend that the
                                          real champion of Indian rights. In      amount asked for be appropriated as
                                          Fine Condition. A Very Rare item.       suggested by the Commissioner.”
       INDIAN RIGHTS                                                  $750 - up
      CHAMPION HENRY                                                              In 1775, one of the first acts of the
     BENJAMIN WHIPPLE                                                             American Congress was the creation
      THEY CALLED HIM                                                             of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
    “STRAIGHT TONGUE”                                                             Originally meant to negotiate peace
                                                                                  treaties with the various Native Ameri-
 “HE WILL HAVE TO FIGHT                                                           can tribes for the duration of the
   A HORDE OF VAMPIRES                                                            American Revolution, the BIA con-
  WHO ARE FATTENING ON                                                            tinued to receive and act upon all
   THE POOR HEATHEN”                                                              matters pertaining to the relationship
* 230                                                                             between the United States and these
[NATIVEAMERICANS].                                                                tribes long after the close of the war.
HENRY BENJAMIN WHIPPLE                                                            At the time of letter was written,              GEORGE BARNARD
(1822-1901). P. E. bishop of Minne-                                               concerns with internal corruption            PREPARES TO SHIP HIS
sota; champion of Indian rights; called                                           began to plague the agency as un-                 CONTROVERSIAL
by them “Straight Tongue.” Auto-                                                  scrupulous Indian agents generated             LINCOLN STATUE TO
graph Letter Signed, Fairbault Min-                                               great hostility between the U.S. and        MANCHESTER, ENGLAND
nesota, August 18, 1866, 4 pages 4¼”                                              the Native tribes. It should also be      * 232
x 6½”.                                     JACOB THOMPSON WRITES                  noted that Jacob Thompson, the            GEORGE GREY BARNARD
                                              TO R.M.T. HUNTER ON                 United States Secretary of the Inte-      (1863-1938). American sculptor.
To     ORVILLE           HICKMAN                  INDIAN AFFAIRS                  rior when this letter was penned,         Typed Letter Signed, “George Grey
BROWNING (1806-1881) U.S. sec-            * 231                                   would serve as Inspector General of       Bernard,” on 454 Fort Washington
retary of the interior (1866-1869) in     JACOB THOMPSON. (110-1885).             the Confederate Army during the           Avenue New York City letterhead.
his concern that Browning is “to          American statesman, U.S. Secretary of   American Civil War. Similarly, the        [New York]. March 18, 1919. To “Mr.
appoint a New Commissioner of             Interior, and Confederate agent. Let-   recipient of our letter, Robert M.T.      H.S. Perris, M.A. 1, Central Buildings,
Indian Affairs.” Whipple begs of him      ter Signed, “J. Thompson.” One page,    Hunter, would also occupy a promi-        Westminster, London, S.W.I” Barnard
to be careful in his consideration in     8 X 10. “Department of the Interior,”   nent position as the second Confed-       writes:
a dramatic letter about Indian rights.    Washington, D.C. January 26, 1859. To   erate Secretary of State and later as a
Written four years after the Minne-       R.M.T. HUNTER [Confederate Sec-         member of the Confederate Senate          “My dear Mr. Perris: The Bronze Lin-
sota Indian massacre. Whipple feels       retary of State during Civil War].      during that same conflict.                coln with its Granite pedestal left
                                                                                                                 $750 -up   for England last week. Our enemies
the deepest solicitude for the Indian

                                                                              43
tramped down the mud between
London and Manchester so that Des-                                                   tion is unnecessarily associated with
tiny might walk at her ease, hand in                                                 perfection of mechanism an absur-
hand with Lincoln to the city of the                                                 dity of the most amazing kind for
working world, where I hope this                                                     men who profess so much of a ma-
Bronze Lincoln may be for the la-                                                    terial character to accept. There is
borers of Manchester the load of                                                     more mystery in Darwinism than the
the bread of life … I am far happier                                                 Mosaic creation.”
over my Lincoln destined to the cen-
ter of that great world of labor-                                                    Lionel Smith Beale was a British doc-
Manchester … My soul dedicated this                                                  tor and microscopist who advanced
Lincoln of Bronze to Democracy, to                                                   medical science‚ particularly as it re-
the people who by labor build life                                                   lated to nerves and germs, through
and all its contents. … George Grey                                                  his microscope methods. His exten-              MAJOR GENERAL
Barnard.”                                                                            sive work in this field foreshadowed            WILLIAM BUTLER
                                                                                     much subsequent work on bacterial         * 235
George Barnard was already an inter-                                                 disease, including the microbic           WILLIAM BUTLER (1759-1821)
nationally praised sculptor when he                                                  theory of disease and Pasteur’s doc-      Major General & US Representative
                                               NOTED DOCTOR AND                      trine of immunization. A correspon-       from South Carolina. He served in
completed the colossal statue of Lin-       SCIENTIST LIONEL BEALE
coln that many regard as his best work.                                              dent of Charles Darwin, Beale’s let-      the Snow campaign under General
                                                  ON EVOLUTION:                      ter provides fascinating evidence of      Richardson in 1775 and in Gen. An-
First cast in Cincinnati, Ohio, the        “The advocates of Darwinism are
statue initially excited a great contro-                                             how heated the debate concerning          drew Williamson’s expedition against
                                           compelled to be certain that high         Darwin’s Theory of Evolution was          the Cherokee Indians in 1776; he was
versy because of its rough-hewn fea-         intellectual development is not
tures and slouching stance. A similar                                                during the later half of the nine-        a lieutenant in Pulaski’s legion, un-
                                             associated with high structural         teenth century. Wonderful commen-         der Gen. Benjamin Lincoln, in 1779,
debate surfaced in England when a            development … an absurdity of
copy of the work was proposed for                                                    tary on one of the most influential       and served under Gen. Andrew
                                             the most amazing kind for men           advances in the entire history of sci-    Pickens at the siege of Augusta in
installation outside of Parliament. Af-    who profess so much of a material
ter much political and diplomatic                                                    ence!                        $750 - up    1780. He also served as captain under
                                              character to accept. There is                                                    General Henderson in 1781, and as
maneuvering, Barnard’s Lincoln was          more mystery in Darwinism than
finally installed in Manchester, whose                                                                                         captain of Mounted Rangers under
                                                  the mosaic creation.”                                                        General Pickens in 1782. Clipped
citizenry at one time included the
ardently pro-Lincoln statesmen John                                                                                            autograph. 5”x 1½”. “Affectionate Fa-
                                           * 234                                                                               ther, William Butler.” Accompanied by
Bright and Richard Cobden. Praised         LIONEL SMITH BEALE. (1828-
highly by Manchester’s mayor upon                                                                                              bio. Fine.                  $100 - up
                                           1906). British Doctor and Microsco-
its installation, the statue that          pist. Autograph Letter Signed, “Lionel
workingman’s city to this day.             S. Beale.” Four pages, 4” x 5”. “6
                              $250 - up    Grosvenor Square, [London]. June 6,
                                           1864. To “Mr. Dann.” Beale writes:

                                           “I return this with a few verbal alter-
                                           ations for your consideration. I am
                                           glad you take the ground that com-
                                           plex actions involve complex mecha-
    GORDON BOTTOMLEY                       nisms. As the complex mechanism
  “LIVE LONG ENOUGH TO                     is the result of a long series of
LEARN THAT AUTOGRAPHS                      changes going on in regular order
   ARE VALUELESS UNLESS                    from the earliest period of existence
         THERE IS SOME                     it is hardly possible that any alter-
 CUMMUNICATIVE SIGNIFI-                    ation of external conditions could                  A RARELY SEEN WILLIAM BINGHAM CHECK
             CANCE…”                       make any alteration except when the           * 236
* 233                                      mechanism is in this soft & plastic           WILLIAM BINGHAM. (1752-1804). American statesman from
GORDON BOTTOMLEY (1874-                    early state – But no one would main-          Philadelphia who helped to found the first bank of the new nation.
1948), Poet and dramatist His major        tain that any altered conditions of an        Autograph Pay Order Signed, “Wm Bingham.” One page, 7 ½” x 3
artistic efforts were directed at re-      intellectual character would produce          ¼”. “Black Point.” November 14, 1792. With docketing on verso.
viving verse drama in English. Among       much influence before the devel-              Bingham writes:
his plays are The Crier by Night, The      opment of the organs of the senses
Riding To Lithend, King Lear’s Wife,       – So that the most highly developed           “Please to pay to Mr. William Lloyd on order five hundred &
and Gruach.                                gorilla could not possibly be devel-          seventy dollars, for value received, which charge to Account Your
Autograph Note Signed. Nov. 17,            oped into anything higher unless the          obed Serv. Wm. Bingham. Nicholas Law Esq. New York.”
1944. AuAiridh: Silverdale, Carnpath,      whole series of changes affecting the
Lancs. 4½” x 3½”. To Cyril Munro           formation of his nervous instru-              A leading Philadelphia banker and financier who aided the Revolu-
with an interesting commentary about       ments could be modified during the            tionary cause, William Bingham was also a major land developer in
autograph collecting. Pasted to the        period of their development –                 the early years of the American nation, purchasing over 2 million
back is a portion of the original en-      which is absurd and hence the advo-           acres in Maine in addition to land in upstate New York. Our note
velope, with postal markings, entirely     cates of Darwinism are compelled              was drafted at Bingham’s recent New York purchase, where he
in Bottomley’s hand. Fine.                 to be certain that high intellectual          established a country retreat on 200 acres of Black Point farmland
                            $125 - up      development is not associated with            that is today known as Bingham Hill.                      $600 - up
                                           high structural development or in
                                           other words that perfection of ac-


                                                                                44
                                          machine’s ability to print only in
                                          uppercase letters. Appearing first in               THE MOST DECORATED MARINE IN US HISTORY:
                                          1874, this machine was the first type-                      SMEDLEY ‘WAR IS A RACKET” BUTLER
                                          writer that allowed individuals to type                   TO GERMAN PROPAGANDIST G.S. VIERECK
                                          significantly faster than handwriting,            * 239
                                          making it the first truly commercially            [MILITARIA] SMEDLEY DARLINGTON BUTLER (1881–
                                          viable typewriter!           $250 - up            1940) Major General in the U.S. Marine Corps and, at the time of his
                                                                                            death, the most decorated Marine in U.S. history. Butler was awarded
                                                                                            the Medal of Honor twice during his career, one of only 19 people
                                                                                            to be awarded the medal twice. He was noted for his outspoken
                                                                                            anti-interventionist views, and his book War is a Racket was one of
                                                                                            the first works describing the workings of the military-industrial
                                                                                            complex.
                                                                                            Typed Letter Signed. Delaware County, Penn.. June 11, 1938. 1 page.
                                                                                            On his Pennsylvania stationary to GEORGE SYLVANIA VIERCK
                                                                                            (1884-1962) German-American poet, writer, and propagandist. But-
    AN EXTREMELY EARLY                                                                      ler thanks him for sending him a copy of his book The Temptation
     TYPED LETTER FROM                                                                      of Jonathon: “I read it all at once with the greatest pleasure and found that
       JOSEPH E. BROWN,                                                                     it contained a tremendous amount of “meat” for all who pride
CONFEDERATE GOVERNOR                                                                        themselves on trying to do some sound thinking. Thank you again
            OF GEORGIA                                                                      for remembering me , I am…S.D. Butler.” The famous and heroic marine
      AND PRESIDENT OF                                                                      turned pacifist would die two years after this letter was typed;
  THE WESTERN ATLANTIC                                                                      Viereck, three years later would find himself a US political prisoner
             RAIL ROAD                                                                      during World War II, indicted for violating the Foreign Agents
* 237                                                                                       Registration Act for his defense of Nazism. A fascinating and
JOSEPH BROWN. (1821-1894).                                                                  curious association. Fold marks, VG.                                 $100 - up
American politician and business-             RARE THOMAS HART
man. Typed Letter Signed, “Joseph            BENTON ILLUSTRATED
E. Brown,” on his name-imprinted               LETTER DISCUSSES
Western Atlantic Railroad Company            TECHNIQUE WITH ART
                                               CRITIC MUMFORD                                                                       acquaintance of more than thirty
Office President, Atlanta, Ga. letter-                                                                                              years, I feel quite safe in asking that
head. One page, 8 X 9 ¼. July 11,                                                                                                   you send some polite & considerate
1876. To “Elijah A. Brown, care of        * 238
                                                                                                                                    person to show her what is needed
Professor Morris, Athens.” Brown          THOMAS HART BENTON
                                                                                                                                    from her, and to assist her to a car-
writes, in part:                          (1889-1975) American Artist & mu-
                                                                                                                                    riage, & in adding that you need fear
  “My Dear Son: — I am afrai from         ralist of the Regionalist school. His
                                                                                                                                    no attempt at smuggling or wrong.
what you write you have been taking       fluid, almost sculpted paintings
                                                                                                                                    This is addressed in the alternative,
the Blair’s medicine too freely …         showed everyday scenes of the con-
                                                                                                                                    because I am so anxious that it should
We start to the coal mine this after-     temporary Midwest, especially bu-
                                                                                                                                    not fail of its purpose. Sincerely
noon & expect to remain there prob-       colic images of pre-industrial farm-
                                                                                                                                    Roscoe Conkling.”
ably two weeks. If you come home          lands.
                                                                                            LOT OF TWO ROSCOE                       Autograph Letters Signed, “Roscoe
in the mean time, you might come          Autograph Letter Signed “Benton”
                                                                                             CONKLING LETTERS                       Conkling,” on United States Senate
on up to the mine, if you choose to       in bold dark pencil, 1page. 4to, n.p.
                                                                                         TO HIS PROTÉGÉ, FUTURE                     Chamber letterhead. One page, 5” x
do so, as it is much cooler there &       [ca. 1926-27] To American author and
                                                                                          PRESIDENT CHESTER A.                      8”. Washington. May 27, 1878. To
the water much better …”                  art critic, Lewis Mumford.
                                                                                                     ARTHUR                         “The Honorable Chester A. Arthur
Joseph Emerson Brown, the gover-                                                        * 240                                       New York.” Conkling writes:
nor of Georgia during the Civil War,      “…I liked your article in the New Republic.
                                                                                        ROSCOE CONKLING. (1829-                     “My dear Sir: The bearer, M. Patterson
served as the state’s chief justice af-   There was something very sugges-
                                                                                        1888). Senator and Representative           son of the Senator, is about to visit
ter a short period as a political pris-   tive about your connection of the
                                                                                        from New York. Autograph Letters            new York with his mother & sister.
oner after the Confederacy’s defeat.      historical recessions with space re-
                                                                                        Signed, “Roscoe Conkling,” on               They wish to see the harbor and
In 1870, Brown abandoned his judge-       cessions. That was a new angle for
                                                                                        United States Senate Chamber letter-        hope you can facilitate their doing
ship in order to accept the presi-        me and fits exceedingly well with
                                                                                        head. Three pages, 5” x 8”. Washing-        so. You will know what is required
dency of the West Atlantic Rail Road,     some notions of my own of my
                                                                                        ton. June 2, 1878. To “The Honor-           much better than I, and I need not
which was leased by Brown and             own with reference to certain inter
                                                                                        able C.A. Arthur or A B. Cornell New        invoke your kind attention & con-
twenty-two other investors until 1890.    dependencies between contexts and
                                                                                        York.” Conkling writes:                     sideration.      Cordially       Roscoe
In addition to his dealing with this      forms…” Later in the letter Benton draws
                                                                                                                                    Conkling.”
rail road, Brown also supported con-      a humorous caricature of a fat lipped busi-
                                                                                        “My dear Sir: Ms. S.M. Davis of Syra-       Roscoe Conkling served as a mentor
vict lease, a program that leased con-    nessman smoking a large cigar and discusses
                                                                                        cuse the mother of A.H. Davis Es-           to Chester A. Arthur beginning in
victs as hard laborers to companies       raising cash for a trip. He ends with “…The
                                                                                        quire, and a life long friend, is likely    the late 1860s. In fact, they two were
like the Raccoon Mountain Colmine.        Old Mississippi Steam boat is being rapidly
                                                                                        to arrive day after tomorrow, June 4,       so intimately associated that it was
This lucrative venture, earning brown     replaced by a new type and I want to nail
                                                                                        in the French Ship “St. Sament” from        feared that, in the aftermath of James
nearly one hundred thousand annu-         [paint] a few before they are gone. I am
                                                                                        Starre [?]. She will be entirely along,     Garfield’s assassination, the killing was
ally, was the inspiration for the Afri-   likely to be finished with your sketch this
                                                                                        having been summoned suddenly               done at Conkling behest! Conversely,
can American folksong “Joe Brown          spring….”
                                                                                        soon after her arrival, to give up her      the close relationship was utterly
Coal Mine.”                                                                             foreign tour and hasten back to a           destroyed when Conkling’s attempts
                                          Handwritten content letters of
                                                                                        sick bed. She writes that she has noth-     to influence Arthur’s choice of ap-
This extremely early typed letter was     Benton are scarce, and doubly so that
                                                                                        ing dutiable [?], and asks to me ar-        pointee for the post of port collec-
completed on a Sholes & Glidden           incorporate original sketches by him.
                                                                                        range in view of her being entirely         tor New York were ignored by the
typewriter, a fact evidenced by the       Minute fraying in right blank mar-
                                                                                        alone to save her from mishap or            newly inaugurated President.
                                          gin, otherwise Fine.      $1,000 - up
                                                                                        delay. Knowing Mrs. D. as I do- and         Both fine condition.          $300 - up

                                                                                    45
              AN UNPUBLISHED MANUSCRIPT OF ELIZABETH BACON CUSTER




                                                                               * 241
                                                                               ELIZABETH BACON CUSTER (1842-1933)Wife of Gen-
                                                                               eral George Armstrong Custer; Author.

                                                                               Complete unpublished Autograph Manuscript. A truly rare
                                                                               opportunity for collectors of Custeriana and the works of
                                                                               the woman who transformed the heroic Civil War General
                                                                               and Indian fighter into one of America’s greatest legends.


                                                                               Mrs. Custer was thoroughly devoted to her husband, General
                                                                               George Armstrong Custer, and was determined to share his
                                                                               career as fully as possible. Following his death at the Little
                                                                               Bighorn, on June 25, 1876, and throughout her fifty-seven
                                                                               years of widowhood, Mrs. Custer worked untiringly to de-
                                                                               fend her husband’s reputation and transform him into a hero.

                                                                               She accompanied her military husband on all his important
                                                                               assignments and was a woman of strong will, courage, deter-
                                                                               mination and of such admiration that her husband’s superior,
                                                                               Gen. Philip H. Sheridan, gave her the table on which Gen.
                                                                               Ulysses S. Grant had written the terms of surrender accepted
                                                                               by Gen. Robert E. Lee at Appomattox.

                                                                               In her autobiography, “Boots and Saddles” she described her
                                                                               experiences while stationed with her hero-husband at distant
                                                                               forts in the post-Civil War West. In this lot, Mrs. Custer, or
                                                                               “Libbie” as she was known, takes us to the Orient with an
                                                                               acute eye and that impeccable clarity that made her writings
                                                                               so popular and intriguing.


Mrs. Custer no doubt planned to publish her findings and impressions of the Orient at the Turn of the Century. Unfortunately she never did,
keeping so busy with speaking engagements that she never got around to it. Her major goal in life - to protect and extol the glorious image of her
immortal husband, fully consumed her. This she did so effectively that by the time of her death in 1933 and 57 years after The Little Big Horn Battle
there was no one left to remember it.

Encased in a custom made brown slip box with marbled interiors and green & gold label, which reads: ELIZABETH B. CUSTER, Autograph
Manuscripts on Japan, 1903”,
The lot consists of some 112 lengthy pages, plus quite a number of autograph notes and scraps, which are accomplished as thus:
1. Autograph Manuscript, not signed, 11 pages, 4to, November 10 and November 13, 1903. Yokohama. To Agnes.
2. Autograph Manuscript, not signed, 10 pages 4to and 8vo, Nikko, November 16, (1903). Pages numbered 1 through 10
3. Autograph Manuscript, not signed, 17 pages, narrow 4to, Tokyo and Nagaya, Nov — Section on Nagaya begins on Page 19 Pages numbered 11
through 27
4. Autograph Manuscript, not signed, 55 pages, narrow 4to, Kyoto, December 6, (1903) Pages numbered 28 through 82
5. Autograph Manuscript, not signed, 11 pages, narrow 4to, Osaka, December 11, (1903) Pages numbered 83 through 93
6. Autograph Manuscript, not signed (initials “EBC on separate note at end), 8 pages, 4to, Kyoto, no date. Pages numbered 1 through 8.
7. Autograph Notes, not signed. Original notes, many on scraps of paper, on travels in Japan. With picture of General and Mrs. Custer.
In addition to the manuscripts, a beautifully presented, well preserved pictorial scrapbook made by hand containing 75 pencil labeled pictorial
souvenirs of the trip. The book is a neat 7” x 10”.




                                                                        46
We quote just a miniscule portion of these original writings::

“It must be difficult to inspire Russian soldiery with enthusiasm over a war for
acquisition of territory an aim so immeasurably below all the wars that like our
own have been fought for a principle or great cause, or to right the downtrodden –
But Japan must have room the fast coming generation and this is a war…
…talk about the shot from Massachusetts heard round the world…” (on the
back of a postal stamped envelope addressed: “Mrs. General Custer.”

“In our service, the soldier has much to do beside his actual marching and fighting.
He must carry a load on his back, and on infantryman that taxes the strongest
spine after a certain time…”

“Kyoto, Japan. It was not spread eagleism that made us exclaim that the imperial
flower of Japan was not a “patch” to ours – the world can tell America nothing
about chrysanthemums – the smooth petalled, the ragged and the fluffy – I saw
nothing equal to our friend on Orange Mountain - (on the verso of The                                 “LIBBY” CUSTER ON THE TOUR CIRCUIT
Grand Hotel” letterhead, Yokohama, 1903)                                                             TO PROMOTE HER LEGENDARY HUSBAND
“Kyoto, December 6, (The home for years of the Mikado’s)                                                     “My terms are $50. And a portion of my expenses…”
It is beautifully situated this thousand year old city with a river                            * 242
running through it hills upon hills halfway around the full of temples                         ELIZABETH BACON CUSTER (1842-1933)Wife of General
and long easy flights of wide steps mounting to them- and beautiful                            George Armstrong Custer; Author. Mrs. Custer was thoroughly
avenues leading to the tombs of Mikados …                                                      devoted to her husband and was determined to share his career as
And it was here in 1867 this Emperor after his party regained power as a lad swore             fully as possible. Following his death at the Little Bighorn, on June
allegiance to his people, promised two houses of legislature - Senate & house and              25, 1876, and throughout her fifty-seven years of widowhood, Mrs.
came to the front as a man among men.                                                          Custer worked untiringly to defend her husband’s reputation and
Shoguns, who were powerful lords of the realm, kept the emperors in Kyoto in a sort            transform him into a hero.
of imprisonment, without authority, without wealth or power and always minus                   Autograph Letter Signed. “Elizabeth B. Custer.” Lexington Ave, March
one son who was held by them as hostages in case the Imperial sympathizers became              2. 3 pp. 4¼ x 7”. Libby, as she was known, to a Miss Hay who had
powerful enough to move against the mighty Shoguns- So no wonder “the woods                    invited Mrs. Custer to speak:
here are full” of dead Mikados.                                                                “…I have been carefully studying my book of engagements and find that it would
Temple’s are so confusing that it’s no use trying to straighten them out except those          be too difficult an undertaking for me to get to Lowell in April…my time is so
beautiful ones in the forest of Cryptomeria at Nikko - those one can remember. But             taken up in short trips here…it (would) give you too short a time to get up an
yesterday we went to one that fixed itself in my mind because of the military hero             entertainment for philanthropy. I almost know that it would be impossible….My
who became an abbot there were of course the usual surroundings- The great bronze              terms are $50. and a portion of my expenses which I try to divide equally among
bell under its canopy- the granite fountain under its roof – the roofs all the same            seven places when I am to lead on the trip that I start on Monday into
shape – settled at the end (an nurturing delight ) - the ladle at the fountain to take         Miami(?)…” Usual letter fold, Fine.                                  $400 - up
water in forum outs and cleanse it before entering the temple &c &c. …
In the inner enclosure of the temple grounds there is always an outer gate with
sometimes three beautiful roofs, there is a pine tree called the fan - no pine tree can
call itself a “sure enough” pine tree till it dies in this country …”                                                                   books. Later, he with his brother
                                                                                                                                        compiled the important “The
“…The great Buddha who is called the Daibutsu of Nara is not to be compared                                                             Cyclopaedia of American Literature”
with the perfect one of Kamakura where we went soon after landing. The perhaps                                                          (1855), along with a wealth of other
he once looked the part of that great man who brought such reformation to erring                                                        works.
mankind in the East but his head has been replaced after fires, three times and is
coarse and uninteresting tho it is over 50ft. in height and ought to be impres-                                                         Autograph Letter Signed. New York,
sive….” (on long thin Japan paper)                                                                                                      Jan 12, 1870. One page to Archibald
                                                                                                                                        Wilson: “I have just read your note respect-
The striking and eloquent details of the narrative Mrs. Custer pro-                                                                     ing the late Mr. Wilson’s Poems. I am much
vides is clearly worthy and indeed, history demands her acute obser-                                                                    pleased with the book…Mr. Lossing’s por-
vations and skilled pen be drawn together and published: The                                                                            tion is nicely done. Altogether, the book is a
Woman of the West meeting the East, a realm heretofore undiscov-                                                                        handsome addition to the long line of Scot-
ered in Custeriana.                                                                                                                     tish peasant poets… Evert A, Duyckinck.”
                                                                                                                                        Mounting traces to left edge from,
The folders bear the red stamp mark of Doris Harris Autographs,                                                                         o/w Fine condition accompanied by
who is considered one of the country’s foremost Autograph schol-                                  EVERT AUGUSTUS                        a steel engraving of the author.
ars and dealers who originally acquired this superlatively rare item                                DUYCKINCK                                                              $100 - up
decades ago. In generally Fine condition.               $10,000 - up                       * 243
                                                                                           EVERT                AUGUSTUS
                                                                                           DUYCKINCK (1816-1878) was a bi-
                                                                                           ographer. In 1840 he started the
                                                                                           monthly magazine “Arcturus,” In
                                                                                           1847 he became the editor of “The
                                                                                           Literary Worhl”, a weekly review of

                                                                                          47
                                                                                 A RARE AUTOGRAPH OF
                                                                               BANKER FRANCIS M. DREXEL
                                              * 245
                                              FRANCIS M. DREXEL (1792-1863) Austrian house painter-cum- intelligence officer, later important
                                              American Banker. Established the great private bank of Drexel & Co., under which his three sons helped
                                              finance the Mexican War, the Civil War and the construction of some of America’s greatest railroads,
                                              including the Pennsylvania and the Reading. Drexel and Company prospered greatly in the 19th century
                                              taking advantage of the wild gyrations of banknote values. His granddaughter Katherine was recognized as
                                              a Saint in the Catholic Church in October of 2000.

                                              Document Signed. Pennsylvania. June 1861. One page Deed on vellum. 24" x 18½”. Impressive and rare
                                              the elegantly penned document regarding property in Philadelphia:
                                              “This indenture made the Thirteenth day of June in the year of our Lord 1861 between Francis M. Drexel of the city and county
                                              of Philadelphia, banker, and Catherine his wife, of the one part, and Abner B. Miller, of the same place, Plumber, of the other
                                              part witness...For a piece of land on the south side of Jefferson street at the distance of 14ft. westward in said city of Philadelphia;
                                              Containing in front on said Jefferson street sixteen feet...” .
HENRY DUNDAS, BRITAIN’S                       Signed boldly “Francis M. Drexel” and his wife “Catherine Drexel” .
     FIRST SECRETARY OF                       Francis, the father of Anthony Joseph, would meet his fate two years after this document was signed being
         STATE FOR WAR,                       run over by a Pennsylvania Railroad train. A signature by Andrew of the famous Drexel and Morgan fame
    PREPARES TO BATTLE                        is a very rare autograph. This is the only document with his autograph we have ever encountered. Fine.
 NAPOLEON FOR CONTROL                                                                                                                                                     $600 - up
    OF THE WEST INDIES
* 244
HENRY DUNDAS, 1 st Viscount
MELVILLE. (1742-1811). British
Statesman, Britain’s First Secretary of
State for War. Autograph Letter
Signed, “Henry Dundas.” One page,
7 ¼” x 8 ¾”. “Humbledon.” May 23,
1795. To “My Dear Lord.” Dundas
writes:
“My Dear Lord, I can by no means
advise the circumscribed plan for it
is my intention to make every exer-
tion in my power to have a force
equal to that mentioned both at St
Domingo and the Leeward Islands
in order that all the beginning of the
season the campaign may be com-
menced with inestimable vigor. I
remain, my Dear Lord yours sincerely
Henry Dundas”
Henry Dundas, 1 st Count Melville,
served as Britain’s first War Secretary
under Prime Minister William Pitt
during the early years of the Napole-
onic Wars. Battling the French in the
West Indies as well as on the Conti-      * 246
nent, Dundas assembled what was           THOMAS EAGLETON. (1929-                         * 247
                                          2007). United States Senator, profes-                                                                 EDISON ADVISES HIS
then the largest expedition from Brit-                                                    THOMAS EAGLETON. (1929-
                                          sor, and author. Autograph Note                                                                   MANAGER OF DISC RECORD
ish shores in order to increase Brit-                                                     2007). United States Senator, profes-
                                          Signed, “Tom Eagleton USS.” One                                                                          MANUFACTURING
ish power in the important, and of-                                                       sor, and author. Autograph Note
                                          page, 5” x 8”. No place. December 9,                                                              * 248
ten volatile, trading ports of the Car-                                                   Signed, “Tom Eagleton.” One page,
                                          1975. To Eugene McCarthy. Eagleton                                                                THOMAS EDISON. (1847-1937).
ibbean. Though the 30,000 troop as-                                                       5” x 8”. No place. 1974. To Eugene
                                          writes:                                                                                           American inventor and businessman.
sault proved a success, the campaign                                                      McCarthy. Eagleton writes:
                                                                                                                                            Autograph Letter Signed, “Edison.”
more importantly proved that the
                                          “To Gene McCarthy- His early and                                                                  One page, 5” x 8”. No place. [1921].
fight against Revolutionary France                                                        “To Gene McCarthy- as one who
                                          continuing leadership against the war                                                             To JEFFERY BUCHANAN [Manager of disc
could only be won if fought on the                                                        closely observed the Congress sur-
                                          in Vietnam caused many of us belat-                                                               record manufacturing for Edison]
Continent itself. Learning from this                                                      render its responsibilities, to hope
                                          edly to analyze who, why, when and                                                                Edison writes:
expensive expedition, the British set                                                     you will appreciate this book- best
                                          where we get into war. With best                                                                  “Buchanan Read this and help
about reorganizing their troops to                                                        regards, Tom Eagleton.”
                                          wishes from Tom Eagleton USS.”                                                                    Wilconson [?] try the experiment-
better meet the French Army on the
                                          Interesting insight into McCarthy’s                                                               Consult with him Edison.”
battlefield of Europe.       $250 - up                                                    Interesting insight into McCarthy’s
                                          influence on the author of War and                                                                Fine.                     $500 - up
                                                                                          influence on the author of War and
                                          Presidential     Power,      Thomas             Presidential     Power,    Thomas
                                          Eagleton. Very Fine.       $150 - up            Eagleton. Very Fine.      $150 - up


                                                                                      48
          EDISON SEEKS TO MAKE HIS EDISON                                                  EDISON COMPLAINS OF DAMAGE
            DISC RECORDS MORE DURABLE                                                          TO HIS DISC RECORDS
                                                                                                                         * 252
                                                                                                                         THOMAS EDISON. (1847-
                                                                                                                         1937). American inventor and
                                           * 249
                                                                                                                         businessman. Autograph Letter
                                           THOMAS EDISON. (1847-
                                                                                                                         Signed, “E.” One page, 5” x 8”.
                                           1937). American inventor and
                                                                                                                         No place. [1921]. To J EFFERY
                                           businessman. Autograph Letter
                                                                                                                         BUCHANAN [Manager of disc record
                                           Signed, “T.A.E.” One page, 5”
                                                                                                                         manufacturing for Edison].
                                           x 8”. No place. July 28, 1924. To
                                                                                                                         Edison writes:
                                           JEFFERY BUCHANAN [Manager of
                                                                                                                         “Buchanan I note Kwitze [?]
                                           disc record manufacturing for
                                                                                                                         Racks holding Varnish Records
                                           Edison]. Edisonwrites:
                                                                                                                         are bent back saw teeth out in
                                           “Buchanan Dope not being put
                                                                                                                         one- Judging from he 4 at the Lab
                                           on even with dope record
                                                                                                                         they must be in bad shape. Things
                                           should show no wear at 750
                                                                                                                         should not be allowed to dete-
                                           times T.A.E.” Fine.     $500 - up
                                                                                                                         riorate this way. Many blanks must
                                                                                                                         be lost. I wrote Kwitze that they
                                                                                                                         should be repaired & to get busy.
                                                                                                                         E” Minor discoloration from pa-
                                                                                                                         per clip at top left, not affecting
                                                                                                                         text, else fine.         $500 - up




                                          LETTER FROM EDISON TO
                                             THE MANAGER OF HIS
                                          RECORD MANUFACTURING
                                           DIVISION SIGNED TWICE!
                                         * 251
      EDISON CALLS FOR                   THOMAS EDISON. (1847-1937).
       CUT BACKS IN HIS                  American inventor and businessman.
 RECORD MANUFACTURING                    Autograph Letter Signed Twice,             MINUTES OF A MEETING OF THE BOARD OF
             DIVISION                    “Edison” and “E.” One page, 6 ½” x           DIRECTORS OF THE EDISON STORAGE
* 250                                    8”. No place. [November 26, 1923].
THOMAS EDISON. (1847-1937).
                                                                                     BATTERY SUPPLY COMPANY SIGNED BY
                                         To JEFFERY BUCHANAN [Manager of disc
American inventor and businessman.       record manufacturing for Edison].                     THOMAS EDISON
Autograph Letter Signed, “Edison”        Edison writes:                             * 253
One page, 5” x 8”. No place. [1921].     “Buchanan Note & return Can’t a ¼          THOMAS A. EDISON. (1847-1931). American inventor and busi-
To JEFFERY BUCHANAN [Manager of disc     inch screen put somewhere even if          nessman. Typed “Minutes of a Meeting of the Board of Directors
record manufacturing for Edison].        you have to automatically shake it         of the Edison Storage Battery Supply Company” Signed, “Thomas
Edison writes:                           that will catch strings? Edison You        Edison.” Two pages, 8” x 11”. West Orange, N.J. August 5, 1924. This
“Buchanan I find 44 men on your          have not answered this Why not a           document deals with the election of G.E. Stringfellow as Vice Presi-
pay roll. Can’t you do a little better   Screen E.”                                 dent and General manager of the company as well as with the
than this - Edison.”Torn from                                                       purchase and erection and of a service station in Atlanta, Georgia.
notepad, else fine.         $500 - up    Torn at left edge, with discoloration      Fine condition.                                           $700 - up
                                         from paper clip affecting B in
                                         “Buchanan,” else very good.
                                                                     $600 - up


                                                                               49
                                                     THE BURR CONSPIRACY

                          “SUCH WISHES ARE NOT FOR US POOR FEDERALISTS”
                   “THE LAW OF TREASON WILL I SUPPOSE BE REVIVED NEXT SESSION…”
* 254
CHARLES AUGUSTUS FOOTE, (1785-1828) U.S. Representative from New York 1823-25.
Autograph Letter Signed. NY, NY. 23 September 1807. 3pp. plus integral address leaf. 4to. To his father, Ebenezer Foote in Delhi, NY. Very fine
                                              content letter commenting on the Burr conspiracy; treason; places the fault for the Burr
                                              Conspiracy on Thomas Jefferson:

                                                “…[A]s to political subjects, I am for the present at least, sick of them…To be sure the little fox
                                                has outwitted all his pursuers, and the administration pack is completely at fault but that is
                                                nothing to us. The prosecution appears to have eventuated pretty much as was generally
                                                predicted after that for treason was determined. I confess however I did believe they would get
                                                him upon his back for the misdemeanor. But he is an expert boxer and has hit the District
                                                Attorney clean off his legs….the law of treason will I suppose be revived next session…(that is
                                                if the walls of the Capital don’t want mending) and it will then no doubt be made at least a
                                                misprision of treason for a federalist to think himself discontented with republican doings…

                                                After Burr resigned the Vice-Presidency in 1805 he ventured out west he was accused of a
                                                conspiracy to steal Louisiana Purchase lands away from the United States and crown himself a
                                                King or Emperor and in turns of having committed treason. The accusations included that of
                                                an attempt to declare an illegal war against Spanish possessions in Mexico (a process known then
                                                as filibustering). Burr was arrested in 1807 and brought to trial on charges of treason, for which
                                                he was acquitted.                                                                        $750 - up




                                                                                                                  some other member of Parliament.
                                                                                                                  When I was Chancellor of the Ex-
 “MORMONISM IS NOT A RELIGION.                                                                                    chequer I made some progress in
   IT IS A POLITICAL MACHINE                                                                                      the preparation of a manner to alter
                                                                                                                  the holding & the arrangement of
    FOUNDED ON TREASON”                                                                                           the Suitors’ Fund, which I consider
                                                                                                                  unjust to the Suitors & discreditable
                                                                                                                  to the country. It is probably out of
                                                                                                                  this circumstance that the report may
                                                                          WILLIAM GLADSTONE ON                    have grown which was conveyed to
                                                                                HIS REFORMS AS                    you by Mr. Field. I have the honour
                                                                             CHANCELLOR OF THE                    to be Sir, Your faithful Servant W.
                                   * 255                                                                          Gladstone”
                                                                                   EXCHEQUER
                                   KATE FIELD (1838-1896).
                                                                         * 256
                                   Popular American lecturer. Au-                                                 William Gladstone is widely regarded
                                                                         WILLIAM GLADSTONE (1809-
                                   tograph Quotation Signed, “Kate                                                as one of Britain’s greatest Prime
                                                                         1898). Prime Minister of England.
                                   Field,” on her personal im-                                                    Ministers (Churchill cited Gladstone
                                                                         Autograph Letter Signed, “W.
                                   printed stationery. One page, 5”                                               as his inspiration). Known for his
                                                                         Gladstone.” Three pages, octavo.
                                   x 8”. No place. August 6, 1884.                                                populist speeches and sympathies,
                                                                         Hagley, January 7, 1857. To “Leyman
                                   The quotation reads:      “Mor-                                                Gladstone undertook a wide variety
                                                                         Teulon [?]” Gladstone writes:
                                   monism is not a religion. It is a                                              of reforms during his political ca-
                                   political machine founded on                                                   reer. As Chancellor of the Exche-
                                                                         “Sir, In reply to your letter I beg to
                                   treason. Kate Field, Late of Salt                                              quer (1852-1855), Gladstone, in addi-
                                                                         inform you that the report of my
                                   Lake City.”                                                                    tion to working towards the reform
                                                                         instructions mentioned to you by
                                                                         Mr. Field is not correct. Two ob-        of Britain’s Chancery Courts (a part
                                   A multi-talented woman, Kate                                                   of Britain’s legal system mocked
                                                                         stacles prevent me from touching
                                   Field was a prolific journalist,                                               mercilessly by Charles Dickens’s in
                                                                         the subject of Chancery Reform, the
                                   actress, singer, biographer, play                                              his 1853 novel, Bleak House), he
                                                                         one my incompetence & the other
                                                                         the number of the public questions       worked to lower the income tax, abol-
 wright, and the editor of her own newspaper, Kate Field’s Wash-                                                  ish duties on paper, reform Britain’s
 ington. In addition to this myriad of occupations, she was also         with which various circumstances
                                                                         have placed me in near relations. You    electoral system, and supported the
 widely praised lecturer who devoted herself to a variety of causes                                               enfranchisement of the British work-
 when at the podium, including hurling invectives against Mor-           will readily believe therefore that is
                                                                         not through any insensibility to the     ing class. A fine letter.  $200 - up
 monism. It is from Field’s vitriolic “Vice and Treason of Mor-
 monism” lecture that the above quotation is taken.      $500 - up       magnitude and importance of the
                                                                         question that I would suggest your
                                                                         presenting your petition through


                                                                       50

								
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