3561 The Herbal Treatment of Disease by sammyc2007

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									The Herbal Treatment of
       Diseases
            • Phytotherapy (Herbal
              medicine), the natural
              therapies, by contrast, aims
              not to „cure‟ disease by a
              technological fix.
            • The nature in totality, is the
              expression of a universal
              harmony and equilibrium
              the rupture of which gives
              rise to numerous ill effects.
   Objectives
                      The Author‟s
                    Short Biographical
                        Summary
Name: Izzeldin.S.Hussein.
   MDv, MS. MBA.
• Secretary General for Regional Iodinated products
  producers R.I.S.P.A-Eastern Mediterranean and
  North Africa Region.
• Regional consultant –Micronutrition.
• Member Board of Directors ICCIDD.
• Consultant to international agencies and individual
  countries on Iodine Nutrition.
• Temp. Adviser to the World Health Organization.
Getting connected

         • Professor Ronlaporte
           and his team created
           unprecedented opport-
           unity for international
           cooperation and
           sharing of experience.
         • What is the super -
           course.
         • Why go on line.
    Medicinal Herbs
The Whole better than part.
            • Powerful ingredients.
            • Only 15% of estimated plant
              species on earth have been
              investigated for possible
              Medicinal uses.
            • The world Health
              organization estimates that
              80% of the earth population
              today depends on plants to
              treat common ailments.
            • Traditional Healers are good
              resources for scientific based
                                          4
              research.
POISONOUS PLANT AND
   SAFE MEDICINE
        *Straightforward definition
          of a “poisonous plant”.
        *The major poisonous
          principles found among
          plants are organic
          compound.
        *Herbal medicines are to
          be prescribed with
          greatest care.
Wellness
       • Self healing.
       • The Human body is
         the greatest
         machine in the
         earth.
       • The body is two
         thirds- water.
       • The Micronutrients:
          Vitamins and
          Minerals.
Phytochemicals
     • No magic, diets high in
       fruits, grains, legumes
       reduce the risk of a number
       of diseases, including
       cancer, diabetes, high blood
       pressure.
     • Phytochemicals are the
       biologically active
       substances in plants that are
       responsible for giving them
       color, flavor and natural
       disease resistance.
   Philosophy-The Germ theory of
              Disease
• Antoni van Leuwenhoek was first to see bacteria.
• Louis Pasteur was the founder of the Germ Theory
  of Disease.
• Micro organism enter the body in number of ways.
• Specific diseases are caused by specific micro-
  organism.
• Natural immunity is an inherited resistance to
  infection.
       Philosophy- Germ Theory…….

• Preventive measures were aimed at the destruction
  of pathogenic bacteria.
• Therapeutic measures suggested by the Germ
  Theory included asepsis, antisepsis and disinfection.
• Further measures put into effect are avoidance of
  sources of infection.
• More scientific basis “Robert Koch postulates”.
How would you advise?
           • More than 95 % of the
             population in the least
             developing countries use
             herbs for health and other
             purposes.
           • More than one third of
             Americans and Europeans
             use herbs for health
             purposes, spending over
             7.0 billion annually.
           • More than 25 % of
             modern pharmaceutical
             drugs have botanical
             origins.
WHAT – IF?
             What if a patient who has the
              human immunodeficiency
              virus has an increasing viral
              load and ask your advise
              about a medicinal herb for his
              case?
             *What if you don‟t have access
              to Amanatadine for
              prevention and treatment of
              Influenza A?
             What if you are located in an
              area where medicinal herbs
              are used intensively by
              public?
MATERIA MEDICA<1>
          • Viruses are difficult to
            inactivate chemically and
            usually require highly
            toxic agents to do so.
          • Once a cell is infected it is
            difficult selectively to
            inhibit the virus without
            harming the cell.
          • * Medicinal herbs
            contribute to the fight
            against viral infections
            through enhancement of
            immunity.
Herbal Materia Medica <2>

              Thymus Vulgaris and
                T. Serpyllum L.
              • Constituents:
              • Volatile oil- incl.
                Thymol;
              • Tannins- up to 10%;
              • Bitter principle;
              • Saponins.
Materia Medica <3>

          Allium Sativum L. (Garlic)
         • Constituents:
         • Volatile oil – containing
           Alliin;
          *Hormone –type substances;
         • Glucokinin;
         • Mucilage;
         • Germanium.
    Herbal Materia Medica <4>
       ST JOHN‟S WORT
• Constituents:
   *Red pigment, Resin, Volatile oil
  Carotenes,Taninnin, Flavanoide(inc.hypericin).
• Common use : Antidepressant.
• Investigational uses:Anticancer , antiviral
  (including human immunodeficiency virus).
• Side effects : photosensitivity (rare,with large
  dose.
• It is named after St John‟s the Baptist because it
  blooms around his feast day.
Materia Medica <5
  VERVAIN
          Constituents:
           *Glycosides
            (verbenalin);
            *Bitter principle ;
            * Volatile oil ;
            *Taninn .
          * Good prophylaxes for
            Asthma and migraine.
Herbal Materia Medica <6>
   JUNIPER BERRIES
              Juniperus communis
                  *Constituents:
              • Volatile oil –up to 2 %
                of the pulp;
              • Flavanoide;
              • Tannins ;
              • Bitter principle ;
              • Sugars- up to 30%.
Herbal Materia Medica <7>
Astragalus membranaceus
              • The antiviral action of
                Astragalus is most
                likely due to increased
                immunity and
                interferon production.
              • Further researches are
                encouraged by the
                students and the
                medical professionals.
Herbal Materia Medica <8>
Eleutherococcus Senticosus.
              • Positive effect of
                Eleutherococcus
                Senticosus in very
                early stages of HIV
                infection by
                preventing or retarding
                spread of the virus.
              • Further researches are
                encouraged by
                professionals on the
                effect of
                Eleutherococcus on
                the immune system.
Herbal Materia Medica <9>
   Marigold(Calendula)
             Calendula officinalis L
               **Constituents:
             • Saponins
             • Carotenoids
             • Bitter principle
             • Essential oil
             • Sterols
             • Flavonoids,
             • Mucilage
             • Resin
Herbal Materia Medica<10>
HOPS(Humulus Lupus L.)
              Humulus Lupus L.
                *Constituents:
              • Volatile oil;
              • Bitter resin complex –
                includes valerianic
                acid, cf. valerian;
              • Tannins – condensed;
              • Oestrogenic substances;
              • Resins;
              • Choline;
              • Aspragine.
Materia Medica -Antiviral
    Effects of Herbs
            Lomatium dissectum
             Constituents:
            • Flavonoids;
            • Coumarins;
            • Tetronic acids.
            • Root of L.dissectum
              may be valuable for
              the treatment of the
              Chronic fatigue
              syndrome, for which
              there is no accepted
              orthodox treatment.
Anti viral Effects and
Phyllanthus Amarus
            Phyllanthus Amarus.
             *Constituents:
            • Lignans such as:
              Phyllanthin and
              hypophyllanthin;
            • Flavonoids;
            • Alkaloids.
            • Leaves of Phyllanthus
              are an important
              remedy in south of
              India for jaundice.
HIV and Hypericum Perforatum
           Herb
              • The most significant
                development in herbal
                treatment of viral
                infections is the recent
                discovery of the
                antiviral properties of
                hypercin and
                pseudohypericin –the
                major components of
                St Johns
                wort(hypericum).
The voice of the Practitioner
            • More than 80% of the world
              population use some kind of
              herbal Materia Medica.
            • In the least developing countries
              people die and buried without
              knowing whether they died of
              disease or of the materia medica
              (herbs ) they used.
            • 66 % of the world AIDS case are
              located in Africa –herbs are the
              medication of choice for
              treatment.
            • Shouldn't this require the voice
              of practitioners to be heard.
Sources of information and
    acknowledgments
          • This lecture draws extensively
            from material presented on the
            European Journal of Herbal
            Medicine , the British journal of
            phytotherapy and the America‟s
            guide to natural Health.
          • In particular, the summaries of
            information on materia medica
            is gratefully acknowledged.
          • Students are encouraged to
            explore the Supercourse site
            (I.prevention).

								
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