"US GHG Emissions"
10/2/2009 APWA September 2009 Linda Marabian, P.E. City of San Diego US GHG Emissions 2007 Residential Transportation 17% 28% Commercial 18% Industrial 37% Source: EIA, Emissions of GHG in US 2006, Nov. 2007 US GHG Emissions 2007 Non‐Surface Freight/Rail Transportation 2% Passenger Rail 15% & Buses 1% Heavy Vehicles 17% Light Duty Vehicles 65% Source: EIA, Emissions of GHG in US 2006, Nov. 2007 1 10/2/2009 Policies AB 32 SB 375 Sustainable Communities Smart Growth Areas City of San Diego General Plan Mobility Element Mobility Element Mobility Action Plan Multi‐ Roadway Pedestrian Bicycle modal Level Design Master Plan Master Plan of Service Manual 4‐lane Major 2 10/2/2009 4‐lane Urban Major 4‐lane Urban Collector Mobility Element Mobility Action Plan Multi‐ Roadway Trip Pedestrian Bicycle modal Level Design Generation Master Plan Master Plan of Service Manual Rates 3 10/2/2009 Resources City of San Diego’s Main Website www.sandiego.gov City of San Diego’s General Plan (includes Mobility Element & Mobility Action Plan) www.sandiego.gov/planning/genplan/index.shtml City of San Diego s Transportation Library (includes Bicycle Master City of San Diego’s Transportation Library (includes Bicycle Master Plan, Street Design Manual, Trip General Manual, & Traffic Impact Study Manual) www.sandiego.gov/planning/programs/transportation/index.shtml Contact me: Linda Marabian, P.E. City of San Diego 1010 2nd Ave, MS 609 San Diego, CA 92101 (619)533‐3082 LMarabian@sandiego.gov 4 California’s Blueprint Planning to Address Greenhouse Gases APWA Congress September 14, 2009 Don Bachman, PE Deputy Executive Director Transportation Agency for Monterey County Why are we talking about this? Public Policy: GHG=Bad New California climate change legislation Federal legislation coming Changes transportation funding priorities Landmark State Legislation Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006 (AB 32) C lif i S t i bl Communities and California Sustainable C iti d Climate Protection Act (SB 375) 1 What AB 32 Does • Emissions reduced to 1990 levels by 2020 • Executive Order: 80% below 1990 levels by 2050 • California Air Resources Board lead agency • All plans required to assess impacts Magnitude of the Challenge: California’ California’s GHG Goals ARB Emissions Inventory 700 ~169 MMT CO2e Reduction 600 1990 Emission Baseline 500 ons (CO2 Equivalent t) Million Metric To 400 300 80% Reduction ~341 MMT CO2e 200 100 0 1990 2000 2004 2020 2050 Year Greenhouse Gases Similar to Kyoto Treaty Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Methane (CH4) M th Nitrous Oxide (N2O) Sulfur Hexaflouride HFC’s PFC’s 2 Transportation GHG Emissions California: 2020 Other Transportation 3% Electric Power 23% T i Transportation 36% Industrial 18% Others 15% Agriculture & Forestry 5% *Preliminary ARB GHG Projections for 2020; Other Transportation: trains, planes, ships Transportation GHG Reductions Vehicle Vehicle Fuels Technology Use p Transp. GHG GHG GHG = Mile , Gallon , VMT Transp. & Clean Car Low-Carbon Land Use Regulations Fuel Standard Strategies On-Road Transportation Sources On- California: 2020 Passenger Vehicles ~ 160 MMTCO2E Passenger Vehicles 76% Heavy-Duty Vehicles Heavy ~ 50 MMTCO2E Duty Vehicles 24% *Preliminary ARB GHG Projections for 2020 3 Purpose of SB 375 Implements AB 32 for transportation. Reduces emissions by reduction in VMT Targets automobiles and light trucks Agency Roles California Air Resources Board Metropolitan Planning Organization Land Use Agencies The SB 375 “Blueprint” Process Targets to Regions by Sept 2010 Regions develop “Sustainable Communities Strategy” Identify transportation network Regional Transportation Plan includes Strategy Plan must be internally consistent 4 Sustainable Communities Strategy Specific forecasted development pattern Uses “current planning assumptions” Must quantify emission reductions Must meet the target if feasible General plans need not conform to strategy Potential SCS Results Transit and multimodal corridors Increased density Transit Oriented Development Multi-use land use planning Shorter trips Alternative Planning Strategies If target not reached region adopts “Alternative Planning Strategy” Not based on current planning assumptions May have alternative growth pattern Not part of RTP 5 Plan Approval Region adopts Sustainable Communities Strategy or Alternative Planning Strategy Air Board approves or disapproves – but cannot direct changes How it Comes Home Transportation Funding Priorities Financial priorities need to be consistent with strategy Would favor infill over sprawl Funding shift from highways to transit, etc Incentive to VMT reduction Other Incentives California Environmental Quality Act process streamlining Projects consistent with strategies that meet emission reduction targets 6 California Environmental Quality Act? California’s Environmental Law p p p j Reviews public and private projects Overlaps NEPA Significant processes SB 375 Exemptions • Projects in approved local tax measures • Projects in adopted Transportation Improvement P I t Program Long-Range Benefits Source: Median VMT impact values from over 20 modeling studies reviewed by UC Berkeley’s Transportation Sustainability Research Center 7 Challenges Short timelines Emission modeling is uncertain Funding for process is scarce Requires collaboration of multiple jurisdictions Status Regional targets underway Local agency outreach by regions Developing policies and process Model development Stay Tuned Emission Targets – September 2010 Strategy Development by Regions Adoption of Regional Transportation Plans Funding Priorities 8 Questions? 9 SB375: Integrated Planning Underway in the Sacramento Region American Public Works Association Don Bachman spoke for Matt Carpenter Sacramento Area Council of Governments (SACOG) Sacramento Area Council of Governments 6 counties 22 cities 2.2 million people 1 Information- Information-driven planning Base Case Scenario: (MEPLAN - Alternative Regional Land Scenarios: Transportation: Economics) (PLACE3S - (Activity-Based Relative impacts) Travel Model) Citizen Input: Workshops at the County & Regional Scale 2 Elected Officials Workshops Key Regional Planning Efforts • Blueprint growth strategy, 2004 • New Metropolitan Transportation Plan (MTP2035), 2008 gy, • Rural-Urban Connections Strategy, launched in 2008 3 Blueprint: How to Best Manage Growth? Blueprint: Seven principles of smart growth 4 Blueprint Base Case Urban Footprint — 2050 Blueprint Preferred Scenario Urban Footprint — 2050 5 Blueprint: Less Urban Land Blueprint: Less Farmland Conversion 6 Expanding urban core plus small satellite cities MTP 2035: Next Step in Blueprint A Corridor at the Start Sacramento Hurley Way and Fulton Avenue, of the MTP Planning Process… County Source: UrbanAdvantage 7 MTP 2035: Next Step in Blueprint Future Potential of the Corridor Source: UrbanAdvantage Shorter Trips to Serve Future Land Uses g greatest for • budget % increase is g bike/pedestrian and Blueprint supportive programs (AQ, community design, etc.) • increased $ support for road maintenance & transit operations 8 Cost- Cost-Effective Solutions with Good Performance Benefit E ith Fi i lC t i t T d Off Even with Financial Constraints & Trade-Offs… MTP2035 vehicle travel measures per household improve from today eg) Congested Vehicle Miles of Travel per household is significantly lower than previous non-green MTP Cost-Effective Cost- Solutions with Good Performance Benefit 9 Emphasis on Transit • New Transit Options O ti • 62% of local bus routes with 30min or better service (vs. 8% in 2005) • 58% of Environmental Justice households living within ¼ of a 15min transit line (vs. 21% in 2005) Emphasis on Transit 035 a s t O e ted MTP 2035 Transit Oriented Development Opportunities 10 Emphasis on Transit Emphasis on Transit 11 Roads Strategy • complete arterial grids for local trips and strategic freeway improvements for longer distance travel • focus on cost-effective operational improvements (eg. ITS) and fixing critical bottlenecks (eg. interchanges) 12 Connecting Climate Change to Blueprint & MTP Land Use & Transportation MTP EIR Air Quality Investment Mitigation Transportation Priorities Measures Control Measures Greenhouse Gas Emissions California Climate Change Requirements • AB32 – 1990 GHG levels by 2020 • Executive Order – 80% reduction by 2050 • California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA) – plans and projects required to assess GHG i t (Attorney General impacts (Att G l actively enforcing) 13 Transportation & Land Use Sector Produces Vehicle Miles Traveled • Vehicle Miles Traveled (VMT) is an important, but not the only, component of Greenhouse Gas emissions • Vehicle Types and Fuel Technologies are the other two components Green Solutions: Transportation Investments & GHG 14 Green Solutions: Transportation Policies & GHG • Condition funds on green construction practices • Develop regional climate action plan • Create alternative fuel vehicle and infrastructure toolkit • Regional parking policy • Program to reduce GHG emissions for school trips • “Complete Streets” policy • Rural-Urban Connections strategy 15