Operations Strategy for Competitive Advantage by saj38576


									                                                          Operations Strategy 1

 Operations Strategy for Competitive Advantage

                     LEARNING OBJECTIVES
Identify or define:
   Ten Decisions of OM

  Specific approaches used by OM to achieve strategic concepts of
      Low cost
2 Operations Strategy


¨   Mission - where you are going
¨   Strategy - how you are going to get there

                            Sample Mission - Circle K

As a service company, our mission is to: Satisfy our customers’ immediate
 needs and wants by providing them with a wide variety of goods and
 services at multiple locations.

                           Sample Mission - Merck
The mission of Merck is to provide society with superior products and
 services - innovations and solutions that improve the quality of life and
 satisfy customer needs - to provide employees with meaningful work and
 advancement opportunities and investors with a superior rate of return
                                         Operations Strategy 3

Factors Affecting Mission Strategy Process

     Competitive Advantage Through:


                Low cost

4 Operations Strategy

                            Competing on Differentiation

Uniqueness:             can go beyond both the physical characteristics and
                        service attributes to encompass everything that impacts
                        customer’s perception of value

                                   Competing on Cost

                        Maximum value as defined by customer
                        Does not imply low value or low quality

                              Competing on Response


 Requires institutionalization within firm of ability to respond
                                                         Operations Strategy 5

                           10 Decision Areas of OM

¨   Quality
¨     Goods & service design
¨         Process & capacity design
¨            Location selection
¨               Layout design
¨                  Human resource and job design
¨                     Supply-chain management
¨                         Inventory
¨                            Scheduling
¨                               Maintenance

                  Characteristics of High ROI Firms (PIMS)

¨   High quality product
¨   High capacity utilization
¨   High operating effectiveness
¨   Low investment intensity
¨   Low direct cost per unit

                        Sources of Strategic Advantage

¨   28% - Operations Management
¨   18% - Marketing and Distribution
¨   17% - Momentum/Name Recognition
¨   16% - Quality/service
¨   14% - Good Management
¨    4% - Financial Resources
¨    3% - Other
6 Operations Strategy

                                 Preconditions -
                             To Implement a Strategy

¨   One must understand:
    ¨ Strengths & weaknesses of competitors and new entrants into the market

    ¨ Current and prospective environmental, legal, and economic issues

    ¨ The notion of product life cycle

    ¨ Resources available with the firm and within the OM function

                           Impetus for Strategy Change

¨   Changes in the organization
¨   Stages in the product life cycle
¨   Changes in the environment
                                               Operations Strategy 7

  Strategy & Issues During Product Life

Best period to increase market share
R&D engineering are critical

Product design and development are critical
Frequent product and process design changes
Short production runs
High skilled-labor content
High production costs
Limited number of models
Utmost attentions to quality
      Quick elimination of market-revealed design defects
8 Operations Strategy


                Practical to change prices or quality image
                Marketing is critical
                Strengthen niche

                Forecasting is critical
                Product and process reliability
                Competitive product improvements and options
                Shift toward product oriented
                Enhance distribution
                                                     Operations Strategy 9


Poor time to increase market share
Competitive costs become critical
Poor time to change price, image, or quality
Defend position via fresh promotional and distribution approaches

Less rapid product changes and more minor annual model changes
Optimum capacity
Increasing stability of manufacturing process
Lower labor skills
Long production runs
Attention to product improvement and cost cutting
Re-examination of necessity of design compromises
10 Operations Strategy


        Cost control critical to market share

        Little product differentiation
        Cost minimization
        Overcapacity in the industry
        Prune line to eliminate items not returning
        Good margin
        Reduce capacity
                               Operations Strategy 11

       SWOT Analysis Process

  ¨ Environmental Analysis

¨ Determine Corporate Mission

      ¨ Form a Strategy
12 Operations Strategy

                         SWOT Analysis to Strategy Formulation


      Internal                                              External
     Strengths                                            Opportunities

   Internal                                                  External
  Weaknesses                                                 Threats

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