The School of Foreign Languages of
Unit 3 BookⅡ
A New English Course
Language Structure Practice
The passive sentence
involving the modal auxiliary has to
The pupils should be told that their homework has to be checked
before they hand it in.
converted from the active sentence with a direct and an indirect object.
She isn’t paid anything for overtime.
involving the verb phrase / phrasal verb
I don‟t think anybody should be made fun of because of his
formed by the They say / it is said…..pattern
They say / It is said that three parks will be expanded.
We saw him play football on the playground.
--> He was seen to play football on the playground.
2）情态动词+ be +过去分词，构成被动语态。例如：
Coal can be used to produce electricity for agriculture and
They let the stranger go.他们放陌生人走了。
---> The strange was let go.
2）当let 后宾补较长时，let 通常不用被动语态，而用
The nurse let me go to see my classmate in the
---> I was allowed / permitted to see my classmate in the
My sister will be taken care of by Grandma.
Such a thing has never been heard of before.
表示"据说"或"相信" 的词组，基本上由believe, consider, declare,
expect, feel , report, say, see, suppose, think, understand等组成。例如：
It is said that… 据说
It is reported that… 据报道
It is believed that… 大家相信
It is hoped that… 大家希望
It is well known that… 众所周知
It is thought that… 大家认为
It is suggested that… 据建议
It is taken granted that… 被视为当然
It has been decided that… 大家决定
It must be remembered that… 务必记住的是
不及物动词或不及物动词短语，如appear, die disappear, end（vi.
结束）, fail, happen, last, lie, remain, sit, spread, stand, break out,
come true, fall asleep, keep silence, lose heart, take place等无被动语
After the fire, very little remained of my house. 大火过后，我家烧得所
比较：rise, fall, happen是不及物动词；raise, seat是及物动词。
（错） The price has been risen.
（对） The price has risen.
（错） The accident was happened last week.
（对） The accident happened last week.
(错） Please seat.
(对） Please be seated.
fit, have, hold, marry, own, wish, cost, notice, watch agree
with, arrive at / in, shake hands with, succeed in, suffer from,
happen to, take part in, walk into, belong to等。例如：
This key just fits the lock. 这把钥匙只配这把锁。
Your story agrees with what had already been heard. 你说的与我们
系动词无被动语态，如appear, be become, fall, feel, get, grow,
keep, look, remain, seem, smell, sound, stay, taste, turn等。例如：
It sounds good. 听上去不错。
She dreamed a bad dream last night. 她昨晚做了个恶梦。
（对） She likes to swim.
（错） To swim is liked by her.
wash, clean, cook, iron, look, cut, sell, read, wear, feel, draw, write, sell等。
The book sells well. 这本书销路好。
This knife cuts easily. 这刀子很好用。
blame, let（出租）, remain, keep, rent, build等。例如：
I was to blame for the accident. 事故发生了，我该受指责。
Much work remains. 还有许多活要干。
在need, require, want, worth (adj.), deserve后的动名词必须用主动形式。
The door needs repairing.= The door needs to be repaired.
This book is worth reading.
Your hair wants cutting. 你的头发该理了。
The floor requires washing. 地板需要冲洗。
特殊结构：make sb. heard / understood
Explain it clearly and make yourself understood. 解释清楚些，让别人理解你
be determined, be pleased, be graduated （from）, be prepared
（for), be occupied (in), get married等。例如：
He is graduated from a famous university.
注意：表示同某人结婚，用marry sb. 或get married to sb.均可。
He married a rich girl. 他与一个富妞结婚了。
He got married to a rich girl.
Words and Expressions
1. overtime n. after the usual hours
2. handicap n. physical or mental disability
3. scratchy adj. (of a record) making clicks and hisses when
played because of scratches on its surface
4. magnetic adj. with the properties of magnet
5. jaywalk v. walk carelessly across or along town streets
without paying enough attention to traffic or
6. hoarse adj. (of the voice) sounding rough and harsh
7. sewerage n. system of sewers; drainage
8. renovate v. restore (esp. old buildings) to good condition
Expand, swell “增大，扩大”的意思。
The shipbuilding in the south is rapidly ~ing. 南方的造船业正在迅速展。
～ a phrase into a sentence.
His face ~ed in a smile of welcome. 他的脸上绽开欢迎的笑容。
Metals ~ by/with heat.
The ankle was badly swollen. /His face began to swell out. / The injured
wrist swelled (up).
The sails swelled out in the wind.
The streams have swollen with melted snow. 雪融河涨。
Wood often ~s when wet.
Never swell with pride.
Swell (be swollen) with anger/ indignation
The enrollment swelled to 1000 this year.
Extend, lengthen, prolong, spread 都表示“延伸”
The farm ~s eastward as far as the river.
By this time the fire had greatly ~ed itself.
The meeting ~ed late into the night.
It rapidly ~ed his influence over all France.
Lengthen 增加长度或延长时间，侧重动作；-- trousers.
The days are beginning to ~ out after the Winter Solstice.
The intended ~ of her stay was 3 weeks, but it was later ~ed to four weeks,.
Summer ~s out into autumn.
Prolong 把时间过程延长到超过通常或正常的限度；prolong one’s life,
If the headmaster makes his usual speech, it will ~ the ceremony by 10
I had to ~ my stay for another week.
The meeting was ~ed into the night.
The author cleverly ~ed the suspense in his mystery novel.
spread “扩散，散布，铺开”， 有“spread over a surface”
～ scientific knowledge
He ～ the news around the town
～ glue on paper
Dialogue I Farewell to Rude
According to A and B, what happens usually when the bus is late?
How does A describe going to school by bus? What was his
experience at a bus stop one morning?
What was B’s experience?
Does what A and B describe in the dialogue often happen in the
city where you live or you are from?
What kind of behavior is considered as uncivil? Can you list some
How should young people behave? What’s your opinion?
A and B are commenting on some unpleasant daily
occurrences in public places.
1. A tells B about his personal experience at a bus stop one
2. B in turn tells A about what he saw on the bus one day
when he did not come to school by bike.
3. A and B talk about what young people should do and
should not do.
Words and Expressions
bother sb 打扰
bother to do sth/ doing sth 不怕麻烦做某事
bother oneself/ one’s head/ one’s brains about sth
bother sb with sth 因为… 而麻烦….
辨析 bother, interfere, interrupt, trouble, worry
bother, interfere, interrupt, trouble 和worry的共同意思是“干扰” “使烦恼”
The man is always ~ing me to lend him money.
The sight of him ~ed her and set her heart beating faster.
I’m busy; don’t ~ me.
You mustn’t ~ that old scientist.
Under the Constitution, government cannot ~ in the private lives of citizens.
She always ~s in matters that don’t concern her.
Their talk was ~ed by the arrival of visitors.
The war ~ed the flow of commerce between the two countries.
The constant ~s interfere my work.
Don’t ~ me with your complaints.
He ~(ed) her to marry him.
2. Exaggerate make sth seem better, larger, worse than it really is
exaggerative “夸张的”, （used as both modifier, and predictive)
exaggerated “夸张的/虚假的, 歪曲的” （used as modifier)
exaggeratory “夸大的” （used as predictive)
3. turn out happen to be, or be found to be, in the end 结果（是），原
The party turned out a success.
To our surprise, the stranger turned out to be (= we discovered that he was)
an old friend of my mother‟s.
His statement turned out to be false. = It turned out that his statement was
to move into and hold possession of ( a place) 占领
The enemy occupied the town.
to fill (a position, space, or time) 占有（位置、空间、或时间）
The story occupied most of the front page of the paper.
to be in ( a place) 占有（一个地方）［通常用被动语态］
Is that seat occupied? (Is it free?)
The house is no longer occupied.
[in, with] to cause to spent time (doing something), keep busy 使忙于
This new job will keep me occupied.
I occupied myself in writing letters.
occupation: a job; the act of occupying a place
occupational: of, about, or caused by one‟s job 职业的，关于职业的
For professional football players, injuries are an occupational hazard.
occupant/ occupier 居住者，占有人，占用者
to say or wish (a greeting or goodbye to someone) 向（某人）致（问候或
to order or tell (someone to do sth) bid sb. do sth.
[to] to invite guests bidden to a wedding
bid fair (to do sth) : to seem likely (to do sth) 很有可能（做某事）
e.g. This agreement bids fair to establish a lasting peace.
find yourself on a crowded bus
find + O + OC ( adj.,prep. phrase, present part., past part., infinitive)
She found the football match very interesting.
We found the door locked.
Albert found the new job challenging.
Mother found Tom’s room in a mass.
I found her to be a hard-working secretary.
He found the place a prosperous village and left it a scene of
He found office work tedious and monotonous.
I hope to find you in better spirits when we meet again.
We went to her house and found her out.
On his return from his office, he found the house deserted.
I found the Chinese people to be happy and cheerful.
find + that clause（往往表示发现某一事实道理)
I found that none of the villagers understood me.
*（I found none of the villagers understanding me）
Newton found that all masses attract each other.
*(Newton found all masses attracting each other.)
To her surprise, she found that most restaurants in the
city closed before 7:30 p.m.
* (To her surprise, she found most restaurants in the city
closing before 8:00 p.m.)
leave cause to remain after going
He got up suddenly ~ing the lunch unfinished.
别让她在寒风中等候。（ present participle ）
Don’t ~ her waiting in the cold wind.
The continuous high fever has left her extremely weak.
The dust storm that swept the north China a couple of days ago
~(ed) everything dirty.
She went to sleep, leaving all the windows open.
The strike ~(ed) the railway system in France in utter confusion.
正在进行的施工使得这条道路的交通陷于瘫痪。 （prep. phrase）
The construction in progress ~(ed) transportation of the city at a
As a rule usually
I don’t travel by air ~ , for the plane ticket is too expensive.
I go back home once two weeks ~, if there is nothing
~, we cover one unit a week.
As a rule I get home by seven o’clock
Be preoccupied with
He was ~ the wedding ceremony next week while cycling
home and had no idea that a disastrous traffic accident was
The mother is now ~ with her daughter seriously ill in
hospital and has no time to attend to anything else.
He is now ~ how to save enough money for a holiday in
Europe / to go to Europe for a holiday/ to spend his holiday
Dialogue II Uncertainty
Summary of how to express
How to express not knowing what to do, when to do, how to do, why
I‟m not sure/certain about……, I suppose it could be/ perhaps I
might…/ I looks as if I might…./ perhaps it‟s better to…..
/ I wonder if I might…
How to express bewilderment / uncertainties about the instructions
I‟m puzzled/ baffled by one‟s instructions.
I got confused / I don‟t know / I can‟t understand what one is talking
How to express the speaker’s uncertainty when he tries to elucidate
further but finds that he can’t do it.
As one tries to do sth, he / she gets confused / mixed up.
How to express uncertainties in identifying, distinguishing something or
I can‟t tell ……
How to express uncertainties in seeing and hearing something or someone
I can‟t make out …..
A Shopper’s Nightmare
Read the text and answer the questions
1. Where was the birthday gift bought?
2. What was the problem with the jumper?
3. Why did the author go to London with her friends?
4. What happened when the author left the store?
5. What was the author accused of?
6. How did the author prove that she was innocent?
7. What would have happened to the author had it not been a
8. What was it that the author was most unhappy about this store?
Words and Expressions
1. It would be sensible to dash into…:
Sensible: acting with a good sense，
a sensible person通情达理的人，a sensible choice明智的抉择等。
a pair of sensitive scales一架灵敏的天平，
be sensitive to other’ s criticism对别人的批评非常敏感；
a sensual life/enjoyment；
a sensuous painting一幅引人入胜的油画，
a sensuous poem一首隽永的诗等。
2. exchange v. give and receive in return
e.g. The two teams exchange presents before the game.
The battery I bought is the wrong size --- I wonder if the shop will
I exchanged seats with Bill.
Where can I exchange my dollars for pounds?
3. accuse sb of sth: charge sb. with doing wrong or breaking the law
e.g. He was accused of murder.
The report accused the government of shirking its responsibilities.
accused 被告 // accuser 原告
accusatory / / adj 控告的,指控的；指责的，责备的：～complaints 控诉
/ ～ remarks（glances）责备的言语（目光）/in an ～ tone用责备的口气
accusingly adv 指责地，责备地：
accused / / adj 被指责的；被控告的：The company stands ～of failing to
safeguard the public. 这家公司被控未能保护公众的利益。
辨析 accuse/ blame/ condemn/ charge
Accuse blame condemn 和 charge 都含有“指责、指控或责备”的意思，
I blame the accident on him. 我将这次意外归咎于他。
They condemn him for his bad conduct. 他们谴责他的行为。
He was accused of taking bribes. 他被控告受贿。
He charged me for neglecting my duty. 他责备我怠忽 。
4. forgivable/ / adj 可原谅的，可宽恕的：
The mistake is ～. 这个错误有情可原。
forgive△/ / v [T] (forgave,forgiven) 原谅，宽恕：
Please ～ me my mistake. 请原谅我的过错。 /
～ sb. for one‘s offences 原谅某人的过错
forgiveness/ / n [U] 宽恕；宽厚之心：
His ～ made her realize how unselfish he was. 他的宽宏大量使她了解到他多
forgiving/ / adj 仁慈的，宽大的：
He said a ～ word of welcome to his erring son. 他对他做了错事的儿子说了一
辨析 excuse, forgive, pardon 都表示宽恕或原谅某人或某种
We ~ed his rudeness because we knew he was under a severe strain.
The husband ~ed his unfaithful wife.
He ~(ed) her the wrongs she had done him.
～ sb. for sth./ for doing sth.
A thousand ~s for stepping on your foot.
May God grant you ~ for your sins.
You have my ~ for your recent actions.
Free ~ 特赦 general ~大赦
辨析comfort / console 给人提供帮助，使减轻痛苦，得到安慰
① comfort 通过加以鼓励、增强希望、鼓舞心志等从正面进行安慰，使其减
I tried to ~ Jean after she failed in the examination.
~ a sobbing child
~ sb. On the death of a parent
After fire had destroyed my home I ~ed myself with the thought that it might
have been worse.
5. Managers on their hands and knees and sacked store
on one‟ s hands and knees in a humble respectful way
e.g. He was willing to go to her father on his hands and
knees to ask if he could marry her.
sack store detectives store detectives who are
dismissed from their jobs; sack作动词意为“解雇”，
e.g. sack a dilatory worker 解雇一个干活拖拉的工人，
此词也可用作名词，give a dilatory worker a sack.
6. dread: to feel great fear or anxiety about
dread + to do sth
I ~ to think what may happen.
I ~ to think what would have happened if we hadn‟t left there in
dread + doing
He ~ed having to meet her parents.
Most women ~ getting old.
Tom ~ed his visits to the dentist.
Students usually ~ the examination.
dread + that clause
He ~ed that his parent would find out what he was doing now.
I ~ that he will come.
A Letter of Complaint
About Writing A Letter
Words and Expressions
1. ample adj.
①Enough 充足的；充裕的 (usually modify uncountable noun)
We have ～ money for the journey. 我们有足够的钱去旅游。
Ample food and clothing by working with our own hands. 自己动手,丰
②large in size; spacious; extensive大的；宽敞的；广泛的：
an ～ lobby 宽敞的休息室 /
There‘s ～ room for the children on the back seat. 后座很宽敞，容得
amply adv充足地, 详细地：
He apologized ～ for his suddenness. 他因自己的唐突而深表歉意。
amplify◆ / / v [T] ①放大或增强：to ～ a radio signal 增强无线电讯号 ②详
述；补充叙述：We must ask you to ～ your statement. 我们得请你对
你的说法作进一步的说明。‖amplification n [U]
3. We appreciate that there must be…:
Appreciate vt. understand fully
He fully/sufficiently appreciated the danger of the situation.
appreciate one’ s ability/literary works,
deeply /highly /gratefully /much appreciate your assistance
The land has rapidly appreciated since the building of the new railway.
5. smooth over 缓和（困难）；缓解 / 消除（粗糙），排除
I managed to ～ over the misunderstanding between he and I.
No effort could ~ the unpleasantness we had experienced.
4. consequently△ adv therefore 因此；所以：
She didn‘t explain it dearly — ～, he didn’t understand. 她讲得不清楚,
The rain was heavy and～ the land was flooded. 雨下得很大；因此，
consequent / / adj 作为结果的,随之发生的
consequence / / n [C] ①结果,后果 ②重要(性) ‖
in consequence of由于 / in consequence结果 / take the consequences 承
辨析 consequence / effect / outcome/ result
consequence, effect, outcome 和 result 都可表示“效果，结果”
辨析 consequence/ importance
Consequence 和 importance 都可表示“重要，重要性”。
Assure sb. of sth. Assure sb. that…
The doctor assured the patient that the operation was a small one
and he would not feel a thing.
辨析 assure 和 ensure
Assure: try to cause to believe or trust in sth.; try to persuade. 常
The fact that the school had a good reputation ~ed him that his child
would be well taken care of.
The statistical data ~ed us of the effect of this new medicine.
I ~ you that this medicine cannot harm you.
Ensure: make (sth) certain (to happen); to make (someone) certain to
get （sth good） or avoid （sth bad ）表确保某件事的发生；确保得到
He wrote a poem which ~ed his undying fame.
This medicine will ~ you a good night’s sleep.
Adj. Carried out or performed without delay
A ~ reply, ~ service, ~ payment
V. to cause or urge sb to do sth.
Hunger ~ed him to steal.
A noise ~ed the guard to go back and inspect the garden once again.
The accident ~ed a review of school safety policy.
To be the cause of (a thought, action or feeling)
The sight of ships ~ed thoughts of her distant home.
To remind an actor of the next words in a speech when they have
To help a speaker by suggesting how to continue
It is forbidden to ~ a witness in court.
Prompt quick apt ready
He is ~ in perception, observation and decision.
The girl has a ~ ear for music and she is also ~ at figures.
~ service is appreciated.
She is always ~ to criticize others’ ideas.
You are too ~ for excuses.
I’m always ~ to be at your call.
The boy is ~ at drawing abut not at arithmetic.
I am writing to make a strong complaint about the impolite
treatment we received when we visited your restaurant
I trust you will give this complaint your prompt attention as the
whole embarrassing incident has sets a very bad example of
Key to Translation
The breathtaking performance of the stuntmen left the audience
As/Since his health is declining/deteriorating/worsening, I think it
is high time he got rid of the bad habit of smoking.
When Bill is preoccupied with his experiment, he is totally
unaware of / had no idea of / was utterly in the dark about / as to
what is happening around him.
Tom proposed to exchange his stamp for John‟s book, but John
He accused his neighbour of playing the records too loudly at
He is not such a fool as you assume him to be.
On many occasions we may hear people say that men are superior to
women. Actually this is a manifestation of male chauvinism.
True, men are doing better than women in most fields, but this is not
women’s fault. The age-old traditions which prevent women from enjoying
equal opportunities with men have a lot to do with the phenomenon.
There is yet another form of invisible discrimination. That is the deep-
rooted prejudice that sees ignorance as a woman’s virtue. But of course it is
true that in our country women’s status has been greatly raised in the past
A main obstacle that often holds women back is fear, which results from
social prejudice. Fear keeps women from doing anything significant. To root
out the conventional prejudices, women should hold to the belief that they
can catch up with and surpass men. This belief will help women build up
their confidence, overcome their fear, and shatter the myth that men are
superior to women.
Passage Dictation (51)
A new era is upon us. We can all it the service economy, the
information age, or the knowledge society. It all translates to a
fundamental change in the way we work. Already we are partly there.
The percentage of people who earn their living by making things has
fallen dramatically in the Western World. Today the majority of jobs in
America, Europe, Japan, and many other countries are in the service
industry, and the number is on the rise. More women are in the work
force than ever before. There are more part-time jobs. More people are
self-employed. But the breadth of the economic transformation can‟t be
measured by numbers alone, because it is also giving rise to a radical
new way of thinking about the nature of work itself. Long-held notions
about jobs and careers, the skills needed to succeed, even the relation
between individuals and employers ---- all these are being challenged.