_____ CAB LOGISTICAL TASK ORGANIZATION 1. REFERENCES: a. AR 30 1 b. AR 725 50 c. CTA 8 100 d. CTA 50 900 e. CTA 50 909 f. FM 10 14 g. FM 10 14 2 h. FM 10 63 i. FM 10 68 j. FM 10 70 k. FM 38 1 l. FM 101 10 1 FORSCOM Regs. _______1 ID Regs? 2. PURPOSE: To prescribe uniform procedures for routine logistic operations during real and simulated contingency exercises, periods of increased tensions and limited or general war. 3. SCOPE: Applicable to all units assigned or attached to ____ Combat Aviation Brigade. 4. GENERAL: a. The CAB receives logistical support from various elements depending on the logistics organizational structure at the brigade level. The deputy brigade commander of the CAB and the subordinate battalion XOs are responsible to their respective commanders for supervising sustainment operations. The brigade/battalion S4 identifies logistical requirements and provides the information to the FSC, AMC/T, SPO, or ASB commander depending on the level of command. b. The FSC provides all logistics (minus medical and ground maintenance by the HSC, and aviation maintenance by the AMC/T) to aviation battalions. The principal source of external support to the battalions in the CAB is the ASB. The principal source of external logistical support to the ASB is the sustainment brigade (SB) and its multifunctional CSSBs. Logistics augmentation required by the CAB is requested from the ASB SPO to the sustainment brigade’s SPO. Modular ASB FSC Distro AVIM COM ASD HHC Co Co Co Co FSC PROFESSIONALS PROFESSIONALS Figure 4-1. (12 CAB SUSTAINMENT TO) 5. RESPONSIBILITIES: a. The deputy brigade commander of the CAB and the subordinate battalion XOs are responsible to their commanders for supervising sustainment operations. b. The brigade and battalion S4 identifies logistical requirements and provides the information to the FSC, SPO, or ASB commander depending on the level of command. c. Commanders insure prior planning and submission of Commodity Forecasts to the ASB SPO and BDE S4, Status Reports, and After Actions Reports. d. The FSC provides all logistics (minus medical and ground maintenance by the HSC, and aviation maintenance by the AMC/T) to aviation battalions. e. The ASB is the principle source of external support to the battalions in the CAB. f. The BDE S4 and the 4____ Support operations Officer provide technical guidance in the form of Combat Service Support Annexes to all OPORDs/Plans. g. The ASB SPO will coordinate all logistics functions for the 12 CAB IAW guidance from the Brigade Commander, ASB Commander and BDE S4. CHAPTER 4, SECTION B: SUPPLY OPERATIONS 1. All supply operations and supply forecasts are coordinated through the ASB SPO. Battalion S-4s will submit requests through the ASB SPO ICW the BDE S4. ASB SPO materiel managers will track all classes of supply and their distribution through the supply system. 2. Supply operations consist of the requisition, receipt, storage, distribution, and issue of all classes of supply except Class VIII. Table 1-1 shows the classes of supply. Supply distribution is conducted by the Quartermaster Support Companies (QSC), assigned to the sustainment brigades at the operational and higher tactical levels. The QSC, as the consolidated Supply Support Activity (SSA), provides for the receipt, storage, issue, and distribution for 93.6 ST of Class I per day; and the receipt, storage, and issue of 207.8 ST of Classes II, III (P), IV, VII, and IX (less aviation, missile repair parts, and communications security equipment) stocks per day. Figure 4-1. Classes of Supply 3. Class I: a. The supply system during the early phase of an operation pushes rations. Personnel strength, unit location, type of operations, and feeding capabilities determine the type and quantity of rations pushed forward. As the operation stabilizes, rations revert to a pull system. Rations are throughput as far forward as possible. b. Class I provided by the Troop Issue Subsistence Activity (TISA) Ration Breakdown Points (RBP) or Consolidated Troop Dining Facilities located nearest unit's location. Units will deploy with all equipment and food service personnel to provide full field sustainment. c. In planning for exercises, units will provide Class I forecast to the supporting TISA or RBP NLT 70 days prior to STARTEX. d. Units will establish ration accounts by submitting LOI (Section B TAB 1) along with properly prepared DA Form 1687 and DA Form 2970 to supporting TISA. e. Rations will be accounted for in accordance with AR 30 22, AR 30 18, and FM 10-23- 2 unless directed otherwise. f. Ration requests are based on head count from unit status report. g. Units will deploy with 3 DOS of MREs and Water. h. Water (1) Initial operations during deployments may begin with large stockages of bottled water. Once established, water sustainment operations are characterized by a greater degree of self-reliance by units. (2) Within the CAB, water purification, storage, and distribution takes place in the distribution company’s fuel and water platoon. The ASB distributes water to the FSCs. Figure 4-2. Class I Distribution 4. Class II, III (PACKAGED), and IV a. Limited stocks of Class II and III (P) items-preventative medicine, motor oil, hydraulic fluid, field hygiene, weapons cleaning, and special tools-will be at the SSA and each Battalion’s Class III platoon/ section in their A CO or FSC respectively. b. High use items (toilet paper, scrub brushes, laundry soap etc.) will be automatically pushed to units based on an initial request for support from BN S-4s.Units deploy with 15 DOS. c. Units will maintain a UBL of 15 DOS for expendable supplies. CL II supplies will be requisitioned through the supporting SSA. d. Engineer barrier materials will be issued through the use of CSG CCLs throughput to Engineer Forward Supply Points (EFSPs) in the Brigade areas for major shaping operations or base reinforcement. Engineer units will be responsible for onward movement of supplies from EFSPs, to support barrier plans. Unit Class IV requests must be submitted by the BN S-4 through the normal supply system. CL IV requirements will be forecast through the ASB SPO 24/48/72 hours in advance of RDD. e. SB/ ESC / JLC will notify appropriate units as to release of stocked items. Notification will include delivery/pick up instructions. f. Non-standard Class II, IV, VII items will be requested through normal command/operational channels. g. Units will furnish the supply officer of the Supporting Supply Activity (SSA) with properly executed signature cards (DA Form 1687) for individuals designated by the units supply officer as representatives. Signature cards will be kept current. h. Excess serviceable supplies and equipment will be turned in through supply channels. All turns-ins in excess of $2500.00 must be approved through ASB SPO prior to turn-in. i. Units will not be authorized separate SSSC accounts solely for FTX support. j. Units will deploy with 15 DOS of packaged product. Normal requisitioning flow is through the supporting SSA. Figure 4-3. General Supply Distribution 5. Class III (Bulk): a. The basic load of Class III (B) is the hauling capacity of the unit’s fuel vehicles including the vehicles fuel tanks. Topping off aircraft, vehicles, and equipment whenever possible is essential to continuous operations. b. Units normally forecast bulk fuel requirements based upon operations projected for 72 hours out. Battalion S4s forward requests through the ASB SPO up to the sustainment brigade SPO. Unit Class III (B) is delivered by the distribution company to the FSCs, then to companies/troops. The sustainment brigade pushes bulk fuel to the ASB during replenishment operations based on the forecasts of supported units. BCS3 software provides Class III (B) status displays for the CAB and lists the quantity and days of supply available. BCS3 can receive this information via VMF from FBCB2. Forecasts for fuel usage are received by the sustainment brigade’s support operations from the ASB SPO. The CAB S4 and ASB SPO analyze consumption and predict future needs based upon the amount of time and support vehicles expected to be operational to achieve better accuracy in their forecast. c. Class III (B) for the CAB is delivered by sustainment brigade assets. The sustainment brigade can store a one day supply of Class III (B). The fuel is stored and distributed from collapsible bladders or from 5,000-gallon tanker trucks. Class III (B) is normally delivered by the sustainment brigade as far forward as the BSA. In some cases, the fuel flows via throughput directly to the ASB’s LMFF/RRP, or even directlyto the FSC. Figure 4-3 shows the flow of Class III (B). c. Battalion S4s forward requests through the ASB SPO ICW the CAB S4 to the sustainment brigade SPO. ASB SPO passes requests to the ASB S3 and CAB S4 to task the ASB distribution company of the ASB and available FSC assets of the line battalions. d. The aviation fuel section in the distribution company’s fuel and water platoon also has the capability to set up and run an 8 point BRRP for brigade aircraft. This capability augments the battalion RRPs and FARPs. RRP operations are normally conducted by lift battalions during air assault operations or large tactical movements by air. RRP operations may also be conducted in a forward area and require augmentation for security purposes. Generally, the BRRP is located closer to the BSA and is stationary. It services both organic and transitory aircraft. The ASB is capable of operating an 8-point BRRP in support of such operations. A 4-point RRP is setup using the AAFARS. In addition, there are several configurations of CH-47 ―Fat Cow‖ FARPs or RRPs. Each CH-47 configured with the ERFS system can dispense up to 2,400 gallons of fuel in a 2, 3, or 4-point RRP configuration. e. Accountability for POL will be maintained IAW AR 710 2 and DA PAM 710-2-1. f. Units will submit daily status reports/daily requirements usage reports to theand CAB S4. g. Sufficient drip pans and absorbent materials will be used in all rapid refueling operations. h. Any spillage exceeding 5 liters will be reported immediately to the next higher headquarters, see Maneuver Damage Annex. Larger spills necessitating engineer support will be immediately reported to the supporting engineer unit or activity and this headquarters. i. For immediate resupply, LRP operations, and FARP operations refer to FM in FM 3- 04.104 or FMI 4-90 ASB Manual. Figure 4-4. Class III (B) Distribution 6. Class V: a. The ATHP in the distribution company is responsible for issue and receipt of Class V supplies. b. Units will draw UBL from prestocked points IAW TBP plans. UBLs will be properly annotated on DA Form 581, IAW AR 710-2-1 and DA PAM 710-2-1. c. Ammunition will not be drawn during field training exercises unless directed by higher headquarters. d. Turn in of excess or unserviceable ammunition will be accomplished within 72 hours upon completion of the training event for which the Class V was drawn. The ammunition will be processed for turn-in IAW ASP ammunition protocol by the using unit before turning ammunition into ASB AHTP. e. Ammunition consumption will be reported through the LOG SYNCH MATRIX and the ASP SPO ammunition office. f. Ammunition CSR and RSR rates are TBD based on JLC and available stocks on hand. Units will submit requested CSR and RSR to the ASB SPO ICW BDE S4 as required. g. Commanders are responsible for ensuring ammunition expenditure plans are tied to CSR constraints. h. Ammunition will be distributed on a supply point distribution basis in most cases. Units will provide personnel as necessary to off-load and up-load vehicles at ASPs and ATPs. LRPs may be used in the Brigade area as mission dictates. Battalion Task Force HEMTTs will transload when possible or PLS flat racks will be left near fighting positions to cache the ammunition where needed. Flat rack locations will be tracked by the ASB SPO MCO to ensure proper recovery of assets. i. Ammunition requests are sent from the units to their respective battalion S4, and then forwarded to the CAB S3/4 and ASB SPO. The resupply requests are then forwarded to the sustainment brigade or the TSC. There, the request will be reconciled with the CSR and a decision to issue the ammunition is made. Distribution is then made to the ATHP, and subsequently to the FSC supporting the individual battalion. Accountability is accomplished using a DA Form 581 (Request for Turn-in or Issue of Ammunition). Figure 4-5 depicts the reporting, request, and distribution of Class V. Figure 4-5. Class V Distribution 7. Class VI: a. (a) The ASB does not stock Class VI supplies. After 30 days in theater, the ration supplemental health and comfort pack (HCP) is usually issued with Class I rations. The HCP can also be ordered through normal supply channels. b. (b) G1/S1 staff principals have coordinating responsibility with respect to AAFES support to DIV/BCT sectors. c. (c) Confiscation of local source class VI stocks is not authorized without support of HN officials. Coordinate requests as directed by JLC. 8 Class VII: a. Critical Class VII systems will automatically be requisitioned based on information from LOGSTAT CSSCS reports. The Class VII/PBO representative from the ASB SPO will enter the requests into property Book Unit Supply Enhanced (PBUSE) to SARSS1. b. Report Class VII losses not reported via LOGSTAT through S4 channels to supporting PBO team. PBO team will report losses to the ESC/ TSC. c. The G4 and G3 recommend to the CofS the priority for distribution of replacement end items, with input from DPBO. The Division Commander must approve issue of WSRO. d. PBO will notify units of release of LOGSTAT/CSSCS items, along with receipt instructions. e. The ASB SPO MCO coordinates movement of all CL VII items to the receiving unit. f. ESC/ TSC/ JLC will notify appropriate units as to release of stocked LOGSTAR items. Notification will include delivery/pick up instructions. g. MILSTRIP will remain in effect. Non LOGSTAR VII items will be requested through normal command/operational channels. h. Units will furnish the supply officer of the Supporting Supply Activity (SSA) with properly executed signature cards (DA Form 1687) for individuals designated by the units supply officer as representatives. Signature cards will be kept current. i. Excess serviceable supplies and equipment will be turned in through supply channels. All turns-ins in excess of $2500.00 must be approved through ASB SPO prior to turn-in. j. Units will not be authorized separate SSSC accounts solely for FTX support. 9. Class VIII: a. Initial stockage provided from normal garrison supply source. b. Limited support from designated area CORPS Support Hospital (CSH). c. Resupply of NBC expendable items will be accomplished through class VIII SSA. d. Medical supplies are pushed to units as available. 2 DOS at the Battalion Aid Station level, 3 DOS at the FSB and 5 DOS at the MSB. e. All Class VIII medical supplies for the CAB are coordinated by the FHP cell in the SPO section through the medical logistics (MEDLOG) elements attached to the sustainment brigade. The Theater Army Medical Management Information System (TAMMIS) Customer Assistance Module (TCAM) is the primary source of Class VIII supply from the highest supporting SSA/MEDLOG element when connectivity is available. 10. Class IX: a. The sustainment brigade and ASB SPOs manage Class IX repair parts. Within the battalions, the FSC and aviation maintenance company maintain repair parts in their PLL. The ASB maintains the CAB ASL of spare parts. b. Non Aviation repair parts will continue to be obtained from the ASB SSA or area support from SB. c. Aviation repair parts will also be obtained from supporting ASB SSA. d. Normal requisitioning procedures will continue to be used during all field exercises. Automated processes will be used if assets are available. e. Class IX support accounts will only be established with other than Garrison support activities when the situation requires such action. DA Form 1687, assumption of command orders and equipment density listing are used to establish accounts. Units will maintain current listing of PLL/MPL in ULLS for submission to SSA if requested. f. All reporting processes will be IAW current Task organization as provided by the TF S3. g. Units will deploy with complete ASLs Shop Stocks, Bench Stocks and PLLs maintained IAW standard 1AD implementation guidance and appropriate Army regulations. h. Units will order replenishment using their ULLS-G or ULLS-A STAMIS and pass requisitions via Disk or Blast to the supporting SARSS-1. The STAMIS systems remain the standard system for requisitioning of all class IX items during combat operations. i. All units will turn-in requisition disks to the supporting SSA twice daily. Primary means of data transmission is point to point via modem, FTP using LAN or FM using wireless technology. Secondary means of data transmission is diskette turn-in at the SSA via LOGPAC. j. If a unit’s ULLS-G computer is NMC, the unit institutes manual CL IX requisition procedures immediately and reports NMC status to the ASB SPO along with a request for CSSAMO support. k. If a unit’s ULLS-A computer is NMC, the unit institutes manual CL IX requisition procedures immediately reports NMC status to the ASB SPO along with a request for CSSAMO support . l. Supporting SSAs will download status to ULLS customers a minimum of six times per day. SARSS-1 sites will conduct a minimum of six blasts to SARSS-2A/D and receive data from SARSS-2A/D six times daily. Figure 4-6. Class IX Distribution CHAPTER 4, SECTION C: AIR MAINTENANCE OPERATIONS 1. Purpose: To outline the aviation maintenance procedures in the CAB. 2. Applicability: This applies to all units assigned or attached to ____ CAB. 3. General: Aviation maintenance begins with the crew chief and/or flight engineer. These are the Soldiers who perform daily inspections, servicing, and basic aircraft maintenance at the flight platoon/company or troop level. Aviation maintenance is performed on a 24-hour basis. The governing concept is to replace forward, repair rearward, so units can rapidly return aircraft for operational needs. Emphasis is on component replacement rather than repair. Such replacement requires increased stockage of line replaceable units (LRU) and quick change assemblies (QCA). Damaged or inoperable aircraft that require time-consuming repair actions are handled in more secure areas toward the rear. 4. As part of the Army’s new modular structure, the AMC/T and ASB comprise the field level aviation maintenance support for the CAB. Under the two-level maintenance concept, the objective is to replace components forward at the AMC/T level to return the aircraft to a serviceable status as quickly as possible. The ASC has the shops, equipment, and repair capability to test, diagnose, and repair many components. If the ASC is unable to repair the item, it evacuates the line replaceable unit (LRU) or component to sustainment level maintenance. FM 3-04.500 describes detailed operational procedures of the AMC/T and ASC. a. Sustainment level aviation maintenance is performed above the ASB level by the TASMG, Forward Repair Activities (FRA), Army depots, Aviation Classification and Repair Depot (AVCRAD), or Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM), either by contracted representatives or at their plants. The USAMC LAR can, on occasion, authorize one-time sustainment level repairs at the field level given the unit has the proper tools, parts, and test equipment to make the repair. If the repair is beyond field level capability, the SPO, in conjunction with the LAR, may coordinate for the work order to be evacuated to the TASMG, or a determination is made to requisition a new component. b. The CAB commander must ensure that aviation maintenance support units repair and return aircraft to a serviceable condition as rapidly as possible. These tasks require aviation maintenance organizations to conduct 24-hour, continuous maintenance operations. Aviation force commanders and aviation maintenance commanders must work closely to plan and coordinate aviation equipment repair for return to service as far forward as possible. c. Aviation support requirements are a function of the total time necessary to recover and perform essential repairs. Depending on the level of repairs required, aviation unit maintenance or aviation field maintenance support teams may be sent forward to repair battle-damaged aircraft. They will attempt to make those minimum repairs necessary for the aircraft to continue its mission or to enable it to be flown to a secure location where additional maintenance can be performed. d. Downed or inoperable aircraft may need to be recovered by ground or air assets for repair operations. In either case, aviation maintenance and aircraft repairs are conducted as far forward as possible; self-recovery is preferred with aerial and ground recovery methods used as a last resort. e. As with other areas of logistics, the commander must remember that the increased OPTEMPO will increase the demand on his maintenance assets. Maintenance crews will be required to work harder and longer, and may find themselves in a situation where the length and OPTEMPO of the mission have exceeded the ability of the maintenance units to return aircraft to a flyable status in a timely manner. f. Under these conditions, time is the unchanging variable and only a decrease in OPTEMPO or an increase in maintenance personnel can solve the problem. If the aviation unit is deploying either to multiple operational areas or to a location a great distance from its higher level of maintenance support, then careful consideration must be given to the modularity and redundancy of specialized tools and test kits required to conduct aviation maintenance. g. With assistance from the PC officer (and his staff), the ASC commander has centralized control over all aviation maintenance operations. Together, they manage the ASC’s workload and all available resources to accomplish their mission. h. The overriding goal in ASB maintenance operations is to provide forward support to return aviation combat systems to the battle as soon as possible. Repairing aircraft forward makes the maximum amount of equipment available to the aviation brigade commander. The ASC has the capability to perform forward maintenance using FMTs. Whenever possible, repairs are made on site. The tactical situation, extent of damage, and availability of resources may dictate recovery or evacuation. i. Time is a critical maintenance resource. Technical bulletin (TB) 43-0002-3 and unit SOPs establish time guidelines for forward maintenance. Guidelines are normally expressed in numbers of hours allowed to repair certain items. METT-TC, shop work backlogs, and resource availability may require leaders to shorten or exceed the stated numbers. The SPO and the CAB S4 should address specific time lines in the OPLAN or OPORD when they deviate from established norms. All personnel—users, maintainers, maintenance managers, and commanders—must remember that these time lines are flexible and should be guided by common sense and situational awareness. 5. AVUM Operations cover unit level repair and maintenance tasks. The AVUM maintains the unit level aircraft ICW the air crews between phases and conducts part of the phased maintenance checks and repairs. 6. Class IX (Air) Operations are conducted using the ULLS-A STAMIS as part of the normal Class IX distribution process with one exception, the AOG program. a. Aviation AOG’s and 02 Hi-Pri’s for the Brigade. Once it has been determined that a needed Aviation part is not available within the Brigade, the ASB SPO AVN section needs to be notified. ASB SPO assists with all 02’s that are causing acft to be PMCS or NMCS. It is important that units perform a cross-check with other units, the AVIM’s stock, and the SSA, prior to requesting an AOG. Requests should be made through the unit PC officers. Information required for an AOG is: the Unit that needs the part, NSN, actual Qty needed, and the Aircraft tail #. Status of release, shipment, or back order is usually received within 24 hours. b. AVN SPO/MATO maintains an Avn Parts Tracker for all AOG’s/02’s for each unit, by acft. This is the main document that shows us what the Avn Bde needs for its acft. ASB SPO updates it and send it out daily to all Maint personnel that need to know. This tracker is used to support the remarks we use on the Daily Acft Status that we send to higher. As things are found, controlled exchanged, or no longer needed, the items will move to the PLL/Spare ―tab‖ of the Parts Tracker. Document #’s that end with 9000 series are Hi-Pri’s from SPO. 7. Aviation work orders TBP 8. AH-64D Phase Operations TBP 9. UH-60 Phase Operations TBP 10. CH-47 Phase Operations TBP 11. Scheduled Maintenance. Scheduled maintenance consists of phase and progressive phase maintenance (PPM) inspections, regularly scheduled component inspections, and time scheduled component replacement. Phase and PPM inspections must be carefully scheduled so that the AMC/T does not end up with too many due at any one time. The ASB has back up unit maintenance capability and can assist the AMC/Ts with phase or PPM inspections. During fast moving or combat operations, phase inspections/maintenance may have to be done at the ASB/ISB or even out of country. When the AMC/Ts are entirely absorbed with unscheduled maintenance, recovery, and high OPTEMPO, phase/PPM inspections may have to be done entirely by the ASB with augmentation of contractors. 12. Unscheduled maintenance is generally caused by battle damage, unexpected or early component failure, improper operation, or accident. The ASC can provide augmentation to the AMC/T to assist with unscheduled maintenance if necessary. 13. Aircraft Recovery. While aircraft recovery is a unit mission, the ASC has the capability to support the AMC/Ts forward and augment and assist them during CAB missions. The ASB does this through field maintenance teams (FMT) and downed aircraft recovery teams (DART). The FMTs are used to repair aircraft on-site or to prepare them for evacuation. The ASC commander and PC Officer coordinate and schedule maintenance requirements. The members of the FMT must be able to diagnose aircraft damage or serviceability rapidly and accurately. FMT operations follow the principles listed below: - - the aircraft. - e (normally by helicopter). - Teams sent on missions must be oriented and equipped for special tasks. a. Recovery can be made via ground or air. DART are usually assigned for special missions such as an air assault and deep attack. During these types of missions, the CAB should provide a heavy lift aircraft dedicated for the recovery mission. Heavy lift is generally required due to the types and amounts of equipment required to perform the DART mission. They are usually composed of key technicians, technical inspectors, and maybe even maintenance test pilots. The DART is kept on standby throughout the CAB’s mission on an alert status. DARTs follow the principles listed below: -fix BDAR kits are ready for short notice missions. b. Factors Affecting Recovery Operations. Assessment of the following factors facilitates selection of the best COA: (1) Location of the downed aircraft. (2) Types of special equipment packages installed on the aircraft. he enemy. (5) Time available (planning time for preparation and rigging is 30-60 minutes, which may vary based upon METT-TC). c. The unit SOP provides guidance required to determine which of the following actions is appropriate for the situation: (FM 3-04.513 provides detailed procedures for preparation and performing aerial recovery operations 5 for specific aircraft.) maintenance, and return the aircraft to service. -time flight, and fly the aircraft to an appropriate maintenance area. tively cannibalize, destroy, or abandon the aircraft according to TM 750- 244-1-5 and unit 3 SOP. FM 3-04.513 provides detailed procedures for preparation and performing aerial recovery operations for specific aircraft. CHAPTER 4, SECTION D: GROUND MAINTENANCE OPERATIONS 1. REFERENCES: a. DA Pam 738-50, TAMMS b. DA Pam 750-35, Functional Users Guide for Motorpool Operations c. AR 750-1, Army Material Maintenance Policies 2. Purpose: To outline the maintenance procedures in the CAB. 3. Applicability: This applies to all units assigned or attached to ____ CAB. 4. General: Ground maintenance support is provided to the CAB’s battalions by their respective FSCs. The ASB commander, via the support company, provides ground maintenance support for it’s organic vehicles. The ground maintenance program is leadership driven and is the responsibility of theeach unit commander. The following are the primary maintenance objectives which must be met in order to maintain the army standard as directed by HQDA, the Army G-4 and USAREUR. a. Outline the maintenance policies and procedures of the ___ ASB in order to standardize maintenance operations throughout ___ CAB. b. To maintain an operational readiness rate of 90% or higher. c. To ensure quality services are conducted by Unit motorpools within the tolerance outlined in DA PAM 738-750. d. To ensure 100% of the ULLS clerks and supervisors are certified on the ULLS computer within 90 days of assignment. e. To earn a satisfactory rating on all external maintenance evaluations. f. To maintain less than 10% zero balance lines in PLL. g. To maintain a 95% match rate on all PLL reconciliation’s. h. To keep repair part request rejection to a minimum. i. To ensure that all units submit 5988Es to their respective FSCs weekly on all equipment including all weapon, CBRN and radio systems, so that maintenance verifications can be conducted and STAMIS systems updated. j. To ensure 100% of all TMDE is turned in on or before the due date. k. To ensure 100% of the ORILS over 10 days old are turned into the SSA and a copy of the turn in document or a memorandum for record stating the item is initial issue signed by the company commander is brought to the Support Operations Maintenance Office every Monday. l. To have zero safety mishaps. m. To ensure 100% daily and weekly data transfer between ULLS-G/SAMS-1/SARSS- 1/SAMS-2. n. Timeline for STAMIS Data Transfer. 1) ULLS-G to SARSS-1 - 1400 2) ULLS-G to SAMS-1 - 1400 3) SAMS-1 to SARSS-1 - 1500 4) SAMS-1 to SAMS-2 - 1500 5) SAMS-2 to SAMS-2 – 1600 6) SARSS-1 to CTASC – 1600 o. Class IX will be ordered through ULLS-G / SAMS-1 to SARSS-1 and picked up by the requesting unit from the SSA daily. p. All battalion motorpools to include SSA will report to Support Operations on STAMIS connectivity by 1600 5. PMCS and unit maintenance are conducted daily. Vehciles and trailers should be signed down to the vehicle operator and that same operator should conduct the before and after operations PMCS as well as the weekly PMCS and dispatch procedures. The following are the basic steps to the unit maintenance program: a. Operator conducts PMCS using vechicle/ equipment TM b. Operator records faults onto a form 2404 c. Supervisor reviews 2404 and ensures faults are annotated onto a form 5988 and repair parts are ordered against faults d. Supervisor reviews unit 2406 deadline report to ensure parts are on oreder against faults e. Unit commander reviews 5988s, unit 2406 and Brigade 026 to ensure vehicles with dealine faults are on the 026 deadline report and all parts ordered againt the deadline faults have good parts status and are in the class IX systems. f. If parts or deadline equipment are not on the 026 or 2406, unit commander and line supervisor will coordinate with the FSC to correct the error. g. If the error cannot be corrected at the FSC, the FSC motor officer will coordinate with the ASB SPO MATO to correct the problem. 6. Services. Every piece of equipment in a unit that has a service under the Army maintenance system, must be entered into the ULLS-G and issued a service schedule. Failure to have a service schedule for weapons, NVGs, vehicles, trailers, generators or other class VII/ II items constitutes fraud, waste and abuse. a. Service schedules are generated through the unit ULLS-G (SAMS-E) b. The service schedule allows for a service window for each piece of equipment, which is 10% of the length of the service both before and after the service date. Example: 180 day schedule can be completed 18 days before or 18 days after the date of the service. After this time the service is past due. c. Service program deadlines any piece of equipment that is over due a service. 7. Dispatching. All FMC vehicles will be dispatched every week or every other week depending on the unit’s maintenance SOP. Dispatching and operation of vehicles on a weekly or bi-weekly basis ensures a more accurate ground fleet OR rate an avoids the creation of a false 026 report or ―hangar queens.‖ Dispatching should be conducted by the FSC or HSC for the ASB mechanics ICW the vehicle operator and signed by the unit commander. The unit commander is responsible for the mechanical reliability and mechanical safety of every vehicle he or she authorizes for movement; therefore, it is abasolutely essential that the QA/QC process performed at the unit level during dispatching covers both mechanical reliability and safety of each piece of equipment. 8. Recovery and evacuation. Recovery is a unit responsibility. However, when the unit lacks the capability to recover the equipment, a request for support should be sent to the supporting maintenance organization. Management of recovery is centralized at the battalion level when possible. (Under legacy forces, the MSB is responsible for recovery/evacuation via HET from the BSA to the DSA. Echelons above Division recovery assets will recover equipment from the DSA to the CSA/TSA.) Under modularity the SB and ESC will institute the theater recovery plan. Use FSB/ASB recovery assets in a back up roll only. Maximum use of available rail assets for rearward evacuation should be planned by the MCO/DTO to reduce MSR traffic. Equipment evacuated to GS facilities should be considered as a loss to the CAB. In this case, affected commanders should maximize controlled substitution. Report GS evacuated equipment as loss on LOGSTAT/CSSCS and Battle Loss Reports. Affected units should conduct direct coordination with the supporting PBO team. The ASB will coordinate for evacuation of the assets to the supporting GS facility or Supply and Services Company in the CSA. Float assets will replace equipment going to GS maintenance whenever possible. a. Maintenance collection points (MCPs) will be identified in most recent order or overlay. NMC vehicles will not exceed the repair time allocations below, unless otherwise stated in current 12 CAB OPORD/OPLAN. Support Operations Officers are authorized to extend time allocations based on parts availability and METT-T: (1) Combat Trains 4 Hours (2) Field Trains/BSA 48 Hours (3) DSA 96 Hours b. SPT BNs will have a minimum of 1 trained BDAR team with BDAR kits per Battalion Task Force supported. DS BDAR teams will make an assessment of unserviceable equipment determined as non-recoverable. Serviceable items will be removed, and the equipment will be identified for further destruction, or left in place for follow on units to handle. DS BDAR teams should have the appropriate ammunition items to perform safe destruction of equipment. 9. Back-up Maintenance Support All units that require additional maintenance support that is GS level or there is a critical shortage of personnel and equipment that makes unit level maintenance on the piece of equipment not possible units will submit their requests through the 412 ASB SPO shop. Units will submit to the SPO a 2404/2407 SMRR request form and any other necessary information (requirements or timelines). The 412 SPO will then review the work request and submit to the 21st TSC. SPO will contact the unit if the request has been approved or disapproved and the units will be given their instructions on when and where they are to have their equipment ready for maintenance. A request form must be provided for each individual item being sent for GS repair. Exceptions can be made for NVG’s and individual weapons based on the current guidance from the 21 TSC. CHAPTER 4, SECTION E: TRANSPORTATION OPERATIONS (Movement Request Procedures) 1. Transportation movement support.The information required in a request for transportation support (vehicles, water, rail, or air) submitted through ASB SPO MCO ( Movement control office Trans Cell). Requests can be submitted telephonically followed by an email request form. The following is the minimum essential elements necessary to acquire intra-theater transportation: a. Cargo Date (1) Unit Line Number (ULN) (2) Unit Identification Code (UIC) (3) Unit Name (4) Unit Origin (list origin of cargo if not at home station) (5) Vehicle/Cargo nomenclature (6) Number of pieces of equipment (7) Measurement data (Height, Length, Width, Weight, Unit Cube) (8) Transportation Control Number (TCN) (9) Hazardous Materials (HAZMAT) information (10) Special characteristics/handling requirements (11) Cargo manifest for secondary loads (12) Ready to Load Date (RLD) (13) Port of Embarkation (POE) (14) Available to Load Date (ALD) at the POE b. Origin: (1) Unit (2) Camp/Activity (3) Grid Coordinates (6-8 digit) (4) City/Town (5) POC (6) Building number if available (7) Telephone number c. Destination: (1) Unit (2) Camp/Activity (3) Grid Coordinates (6-8 digit) (4) City/Town (5) POC (present at destination, at delivery.) (6) Building number if available (7) Telephone number 2. Road clearances: All units assigned or attached to ____ Avn Bde will submit requests for road clearances to ASB SPO MCO Operation, ____ CAB IAW the following procedures: a. Road clearances are required for the following types of moves: (1) Convoys of 10 or less vehicles require a Division Control Number. (2) Convoys of 11 or more vehicles require March Credits. (3) Oversize or overweight vehicles over 50 Military load Classification (MLC), (Hets and tracks and/or combination). (4) Any vehicular movement when restrictions have been imposed by the Host Nation or TF HQ’s. b. Exceptions to policy are needed for movements scheduled during restriction periods such as Summer Driving Restrictions. Units must have an exception to policy before requesting march credits during restricted periods. c. Types of clearances: (1) Routine: March request submitted within the required time frames as listed IAW USAREUR movement control policy. (3) Special: March request or a change to a march request which is not submitted within the required time frames. Special requests will be processed by the Highway Movement Control Team after all routine requests are submitted. Special requests require a letter of lateness at the 05 level as follows; at the time of submission, the requesting unit provides a memorandum outlining the circumstances for the special request, the signature, name, grade, unit, and phone number of authenticating officer. 3. Strategic Movement: a. Assigned/Attached units are responsible to: (1) Submit complete and accurate UDL’s to S4, ____ CAB Movement Section. (2) Submit completed ETRR’s to S4 ____ CAB Movement Section. (3) Submit air load plans to S4 ____ CAB Movement Section. (4) UMO should ensure that required number of 463L pallets, and containers are available. (a) Ensure that containers are serviceable for deployment. (5) Units are required to have 15% of BBPCT- (Blocking, Bracing, Packing, Crating, Tie downs) on hand. (a) After delivery to the unit, materials will be drawn by appropriate platoon/section sergeants to ensure supplies are used to properly box and load unit equipment IAW unit load plans. (6) Units are required to have 15% stock of RF Tags, Batteries for RF Tags, MSL, and Zebra printer ribbon. (7) Verify vehicle weights, dimensions, serial numbers and bumper numbers in TC-AIMS and AALPS. Verify any piece of equipment which exceed those in TB 55 46 1 due to type of equipment, loads or local modification. (a) Equipment should be reduced to lowest configuration for vessel transport. (8) Notify S4,____ CAB Movement Section immediately of any changes to the request. (9) Ensure equipment has required documentation and is marked IAW with Tab 10 (a) MSL (Military Shipping Label) (b) RF Tag- with recorded equipment information (c) DD form 1384 TCMD (d) DA form 5748 Load Diagram (e) DD form 2890 (Hazardous Material) (f) DA form 1750 (Packing List) (10) Report SP and RP times of the convoy and any incidents involving the move to the ____ CAB, S3 for processing with the CMCC. (11) Establishes the following and give complete POC list with phone numbers to the S4, ____ CAB Movement Section of the following. (a) Primary and Alternate Unit Movement Officer (UMO), on appointment order (b) Hazardous Material Certifiers, on appointment order. (c) Unit Rail Load Teams. (d) Air Load Planners (AALP). (e) TC-AIMS II Operators. (f) Air load Team. (g) Super Cargo(s) b. S4, ____ CAB, Movement Section (1) Request appropriate amount of ULN’s based on deployment order (2) Receive and process requests for highway clearances from assigned or attached units. (3) Receive and submit equipment density list to the local BMCT for rail movement. (4) Receive and submit UDL, JFRG file, ETRR’s, and Air Load Plans to DTO. (5) Provide assigned or attached units with approved highway clearances when received from the Highway Movement Control Cell. (6) Provide assistance to assigned or attached units as requested. 4. Tactical employment and military lift requests. Units first check to see if they have a unit vehicle capable of performing the transportation task. If the unit does not, the unit then request support from their Battalion FSC. If the FSC does not have an asset capable of performing the lift request then the Battalion S-4 submits a request for support to the ASB SPO MCO. The ASB SPO MCO will first try to task the ASB distribution company for ground lift or request air lift through the CAB S3-Air (as appropriate). If the ASB S-3/ CAB S-3-Air does not have an asset to task the MCO will then coordinate for external military lift support or commercial support from the DTO (legacy) or the SB (Modular). This procedure is the same in garrison or in a tactical environment. a. Units will submit their daily CULT report through their BN S-3s to the ASB SPO MCO. b. The daily CULT report will be reviewed prior to processing AMRs or TMRs by the MCO c. TMRs and AMRs will be processed through the MCO to the ASB S-3, CAB S3-Air, and or SB MCO as appropriate. d. Refer to ASB SPO MCO appendix for request and cancellation timelines. CHAPTER 4, SECTION F: HEALTH PROTECTION (MEDICAL SUPPORT) 1. Purpose and Scope: This SOP supplements and, where specified, supersedes the ____ AVN BDE Admin SOP. 2. Brigade Aid Station (BAS) Missions: a. Stabilize all injured and ill personnel 24 hours per day. b. Return soldiers to duty or transfer them to higher echelons of care, as appropriate. Provide preventive medicine (PM) and sanitation guidance when possible. c. Provide medical care to urgent noncombatants and captive enemy soldiers. d. Keep the chain of command informed concerning medical issues. e. Medics will be dedicated to active FARPs or ranges if specifically designated by the Flight Surgeon (FS). This will routinely be done only when high risk activities are projected, or if the event has less than 2 Combat Lifesavers (CLSs). f. Participate in CSAR, as required. 3. BAS Personnel: a. 1 flight surgeon (FS) b. 1 Med NCO (MNCO) c. 2 or more medics d. Litter team of 4 pre-designated and trained, HHC provided personnel e. NBC decon team of 10 pre-desiganted and trained, HHC provided personnel f. MNCO will identify all CLSs by name and location in the AA, and recommend the need for additional CLSs/training to the FS. g. FS may elect to consolidate medical assets with higher and/or lower echelon medical assets when it is deemed to enhance combat readiness, and has the BDE CDR’s approval. 4. Vehicles: a. 1 cargo configured HMMWV with FM and 4 litters. b. MNCO will ensure security measures, daily PMCS and FM commo checks are performed. c. 1 HHC HMMWV designated (to be coordinated by the MNCO) for availability within 15 mins. for emergency back up and within 1 hour for routine uses. 5. Medical Supplies: a. Per higher echelon provided basic load lists. b. Additional items and meds as prescribed by the FS and MNCO. c. Supply reorders via HHC and BDE S4. d. Controlled meds and other sensitive/high value/pilferable items will be stored in the BAS safe/lockbox. e. MNCO will brief all BAS personnel on the locations of all med supplies within 24 hrs of establishing the BAS. 6. Field Equipment: MNCO is responsible for ensuring the following minimum equipment is serviceable and pre-packed in ISUs for rapid deployment, or ordered for immediate availability at the projected field site. a. 2 frame tents with flooring, 2 tables, 2 light sets. b. Camo netting. c. 1 heating unit VA-M15. d. 1 light set. e. 1 generator. f. 2 water cans. g. 1 hand wash station. h. 1 porta potty/latrine accessible within the minimum hygienic distance. i. 7 stretchers (4 in HMMWV) and 4 stands. j. 4 cots. k. 1 safe/lock box. l. 12 chairs. m. 1 high intensity med procedure light. n. 6 extension cords and plug panels with surge protectors. o. Defibrillator with monitor. p. 4 O2 cylinders. q. Shower facilities accessible within the minimum hygienic distance. 7. BAS Schematic (to be generated by MNCO prior to each deployment) and maintenance: MNCO is responsible for the following: a. BAS dedicated porta potty/latrine/shower access. b. Hand wash station near entrance for pts and BAS staff. c. Light and noise discipline POC designated. d. Trash will be removed from the BAS, and all perishable supplies and foods sealed from access by insects or animals, each night before sleep. e. BAS floors will be swept each noon, prior to sleep, and other times as needed. f. A boot cleaning area/station will be positioned at the entrance. It will consist of a scrub/toilet brush and scrubbing mat on a pallet or crushed cardboard box, as a minimum. g. Sleeping locations: (1) medic will sleep in the reception area. (2) FS, MNCO and the remaining medic(s) will sleep in the rear/reserve treatment rm or designated sleeping rm. h. All personal items will be kept in the rear/reserve room area. i. Triage areas and HMMWV parking designations and markings. j. AS will always have separate entrance and exit pathways to facilitate pt flow during MASCL events. k. NBC decon locations/stations designated and marked within 48 hrs of BAS set up. This should be done with the assistance/participation of the HHC pt decon team and they should receive hasty refresher pt decon tng at that time. 8. Daily Sick Call/24 hr care: a. If patient volume dictates, 2 one-hour increments at the beginning and end of each ―normal field duty day‖ will be designated as sick call for non-urgent care patients. (likely 0700- 0800, 1600-1700). b. Minimal BAS manning 24 hrs. daily will be 1 NCO and 1 medic. c. 24-hour walk-in accepted for urgent patients and soldiers working non-standard hour shifts. d. A minimum of 1 medic may man the BAS for periods < 15 mins., should the NCO have an urgent duty they cannot delegate or defer. e. At all times the medic on duty will know the locations of, and methods for contacting, the FS and MNCO. 9. Triage: a. All patients will be given a triage status as though they were part of a mass casualty situation; this will ensure triage training on a daily basis. b. Triage categories/tags: (1) Expectant/black X: Regardless of measures taken, the patient (pt) will likely die, or the pt’s needs would exhaust available personnel/time/supplies relative to other casualties’ needs. (2) Immediate/red I: Immediate care will save life/limb/eyesight (BCLS). (3) Urgent/red U: Less severe than Immediate, but in need of care ASAP. (4) Non-urgent or Delayed/black D: Can be deferred indefinitely without loss of life/limb/eyesight. (5) Minimal/black M: Ambulatory pts that can return to their duty stations and receive treatment from combat lifesavers. c. Triage tags will be used when 4 or more non-ambulatory pts are encountered simultaneously. d. MNCO will contact HHC POCs to have the litter team report to the BAS. e. MNCO will designate a triage collection pt. outside the BAS; overhead cover from rain/sun will be provided for I and U pts, if available. f. MNCO will also designate DOA, X and D collection points. g. Initial triage and tagging will be done by the MNCO, who will direct medics’ attention to priority pts and any special guidances. h. The medics will execute any immediate aid steps and direct battle buddy and litter bearer teams, as needed. i. Pts requiring FS attention as determined by the MNCO will be escorted or littered to the BAS reception area for secondary triaging by the FS, and for stabilization care. j. The FS will determine those pts requiring evacuation and higher echelon treatment, and will direct a medic to contact the appropriate evacuation agency(s). k. Pts capable of assisting BAS personnel will be given tasks and guidance. Minimal pts may be retained in a non-pt status as BAS aids, as needed. l. Personnel and vehicles delivering pts to the BAS may be held by BAS personnel until pts’ statuses are determined. m Triage point personnel will ensure NBC contaminated pts and personnel do not come within 100 meters of the BAS until declared decontaminated by a NBC decon team. MNCO will contact HHC POCs to have the NBC pt decon team report to the BAS at the first notification of NBC agent use in our AO. 10. Mass Casualty (MASCAL) Pt Flow: a. MASCAL site(s) to BAS triage point via battle buddies by the most expeditious transport available. b. FS or MNCO will determine if BAS personnel should go to the MASCAL site. c. Triage point (MNCO) to appropriate triage category collection point (via medics, battle buddies and litter teams). d. DOA and dead pts reported to S1 by medics after I and U pts stabilized. e. I and U pts requiring FS attention delivered to BAS reception and treatment areas by medics, battle buddies and litter teams. f. Pts requiring ground or air evac to higher echelons will be transported by litter thru the exit of the BAS to the BAS HMMWV and driven to appropriate air/ground ambulance pick up points. g. Battle buddies will be used to drive the HMMWV while a medic or other able person continues pt stabilization, if required. h. A MASCAL exercise will be conducted within 5 working days after establishment of a full BAS. 11. Litter Team: a. HHC CO/1SG will designate a 4 person litter tm by name to the MNCO prior to deployment. b. MNCO will provide a rudimentary litter class to the tm within 48 hrs of AA arrival. c. HHC will provide the litter tm within 15 minutes of notice from the BAS. 12. NBC a. NBC contaminated pts (regardless of medical urgency) and personnel will not come within 100 meters of the BAS until cleared by an NBC decontamination team. Contaminated battle buddies and CLSs should give immediate stabilization care, then decontamination the wounded using the wounded’s decontamination kits before decontaminating themselves. b. Should the above paragraph be violated, all contaminated personnel will move 100 meters from the BAS and await decontamination. If BAS personnel are contaminated, they will go to the same area and render care there until decontamination is completed. MNCO will contact the pt decontamination team to decontamination the BAS area first, and then aid contaminated personnel, as needed. Hasty decontamination will be performed using bleach, dirt, water or other absorbents/ dilutants. c. If the BAS is enveloped in NBC contaminants, NBC/MOPP SOPs will be followed at the individual and BAS levels, and medical care will continue to the maximum extent possible. d. Safeguarding BAS assets (to include personnel) from NBC contamination will always supercede individual pt care, should there be a conflict between these priorities. This will ensure long term medical care for the most personnel and maximize conservation of the fighting strength. e. NBC medical procedures will be IAW ―Medical Management of Chemical Casualties Handbook‖ dated July 2000. f. If there are known NBC contaminants on the gnd within the AA, anyone entering the BAS will remove their boots at least 5 meters from the BAS entrance. The BAS will have ―clean bridge‖ materials (crushed cardboard, pallets or tarps) to facilitate clean entry. g. At the first notice of increased NBC threat, BAS personnel will progress to MOPP 2 (top/pants/boots) at the direction of the FS, if the likelihood of heat injury is low. h. If there have been airborne NBC contaminants in the AA, anyone entering the BAS will remove their most outer layer of clothing at least 5 meters from the entrance. 13. Medevac: a. Decision-making: The FS will make medevac decisions. If the FS is absent, the MNCO will make medevac determinations. b. Immediate medevac assets: (1) US Army air medevac via TOC (FM Freq TBD). (2)Organic UH-60 backup aircraft to be pre-flighted with a standby crew available within 15 minute notice from BAS (to be coordinated by FS/MNCO with TOC Flt Operations prior to deployment). (3)BAS HMMWV ambulance. (4)HHC HMMWV backup available within 15-minute notice to HHC POC. (5)Ground/Air medevac procedures: a. Interpreters and hospitals are notified simultaneously with TOC of need for US medevac. b. TOC notifies hospitals to expect ground ambulances, or airevac arrival at their helipad. c. Interpreter and FS (if no higher priority missions exist) will be on ground or airevacs, as directed by the FS. d. Routine: HHC HMMWV within 1-hour notice to HHC POC (MNCO responsible). e. MASCAL: HHC 5 ton truck available within 30 minutes. of notice from BAS (MNCO responsible). f. Airevac exercise will be conducted within 4 working days of establishing a full BAS. Recons of hospitals and higher/lower echelon medical assets will be conducted via air and ground NLT 4 days after arriving in the AO. g. The senior BAS person will establish liaison with all ground and air medevac assets and personnel within 24 hours of arriving on station. h. Pts sent to non-US facilities should, when practicable, be visited daily by a US medical person (medic or higher, from any US unit/agency) to ensure proper care, pt understanding of their medical status and future treatment/movement plans, and to bolster pt morale. i. BAS will initiate daily air medevac communication drills (TOC, BAS, hospital/receiving unit, medevac PC, medevac crew) up to notification of medevac PCs and crews. The FS may direct the medevac crew continue the drill up to engine start, as he sees fit, to estimate and enhance response times. 14. Echelons of higher/affiliated care: a. BAS will provide pilots (via TOC Flt Operaions) with casevac information cards, when practicable. b. Stable pts will be ground evaced or flown to habitually used (preferably US run) facilities. c. Prior to deployment BAS will have a list of all medical units/facilities, their capabilities, and their communication assets (phone #s, radio freqs…) within an appropriate range of the field site d. General: (1) Prior or upon deploying to any new site, the FS and/or MNCO will contact the nearest appropriate med. facilities to establish liaison, access and medevac plans. (2) Routes to all med facilities will be reconned by ground and air (by medevac aircraft or the designated UH-60 backup casevac aircraft), and strip maps will be made for access to each site. The strip maps will be weather proofed and placed in a conspicuous location within the BAS. 15. Commo: a. Field phone from HHC/TOC. b. Cell phones (list TBD). c. Cell phone (016090813826) for FS habitual use. d. FM in BAS HMMWV. e. MNCO will ensure field phone and FM commo checks are performed daily at 0700, 1600 and other times as designated by higher HQs. f. MNCO and medics will conduct 1 PRACTICE (declare this before and after the transmission with positive acknowledgement from the receiving person) medevac 9 line transmission each day on FM and land line. The information will be transmitted to TOC, medevac crews, hospitals/receiving medical units. 16. Preventive Medicine (PM): a. Prior to and/or early in each deployment the FS/MNCO will provide PM classes to all soldiers or the chain of command (for dissemination lower). b. Foot hygiene, and low back pain and hand injury prevention will be given for all deployments. c. Other PM classes will be tailored to the specific environment encountered. 17. Field Sanitation: BAS personnel will provide informal/courtesy spot checks of messing, hand wash, porta potty/latrine, garbage and shower facilities, and reports of excellence or items needing correction will be provided to the appropriate OIC/NCOIC and CDRs. 18. BAS Critical Assets: MNCO will designate specific locations for BAS critical assets, and ensure all BAS personnel know their locations and proper use. The minimum assets deemed critical are as follows: a. maps b. strip maps to higher echelon med facilities c. TAC and Admin SOPs d. Vehicle keys (secured) e. Security keys and combinations (secured) f. BAS med and equipment basic load lists g. Duty rosters h. Key phone numbers, medical facilities, units and POCs i. SOI/ sign-countersign j. Weapon storage for BAS personnel (visual security at all times) k. Weapon storage for pts (visual security at all times) l. Anaphylaxis kits m. Artificial airway supplies n. Pt care tracking documents (secured) o. IV fluids (2 liters to be pre-hung, but not punctured,over all pre-established elevated litters). p. CLS lists. q. Litter team designees and training dates. r. Pt decon team designees and training dates. s. 9 line medevac report. CHAPTER 4, SECTION G: FIELD SERVICE OPERATIONS 1. Field Services: Available field services are dependent on infrastructure of theater available assets, and will be published in the service support annex. Forward requests for service support for to BDE S4 NLT 60 Days prior to deploying. Request should specify unit location and number of personnel to be supported. a. Laundry and Bath: (1) Hygiene services (including clothing exchange) will be provided by the sustainment brigade or contracted companies from locations in the proximity of supply points. (2) Hygiene support should be requested by the ASB SPO through the sustainment brigade SPO. (3) The goal is to provide Soldiers with a weekly shower and up to 15 pounds of laundered clothing each week. b. Latrines: (1) Field latrines may not be constructed in established LOG bases without prior clearance. Intention to do so should be included in maneuver rights coordination requests. (2) Portable latrines may be contracted, provided the site has adequate access. Requests for portable latrines (PR&C) will be forwarded to BDE S4as needed. Include in all requests provisions for a desired servicing schedule, if such services are to be provided by contract. (3) Emergency deployments less than 30 days will be coordinated immediately thru BDE S4. c. Graves Registration (GRREG): (1) The recovery, identification, evacuation, and burial of deceased personnel are command responsibilities. The COSCOM/JLC commander is responsible for the operation of collecting points, establishment of temporary and emergency burial sites (when authorized by the CORPS). The recovery, initial identification, and evacuation of deceased personnel are responsibilities that extend to the commander of the lowest organizational element. Specific instructions will be published in OPORD. (2) Mass burials will only be authorized by the JTF Commander’s GRREG office or the highest intermediate headquarters with which communications is established. (3) Personal effects found on the remains of the deceased will not be separated from the remains, but will be evacuated with the remains through evacuation channels. If it is necessary to remove the personal effects for the purpose of identification, they will be immediately replaced with the remains from which they were removed. The following measures will be taken when handling personal effects: (a) Personal effects will be handled IAW DA PAM 710-2-1. (b) U.S. civilians and allied personal effects will be handled in the same manner as for U.S. forces personnel. (c) Enemy personnel: Personal effects will be handled in the same manner as U.S. forces personnel. All copies of DD Form 1076 will be plainly marked "Enemy Personnel". Written information of tactical importance found on remains should be removed and delivered to the Battalion or Brigade S2. (4) Location of collection points for the reception, identification and evacuation of remains will be published in JTF OPLANS. (5)Transportation for evacuation of deceased personnel from collecting points will be coordinated through the immediate TF Commander. If additional transportation is required that request is processed through the Brigade S4. Remains are to be taken to the rear by closed trucks or helicopters. While the remains pouch is the preferred method, when not available, a blanket, shelter half or poncho may be used to cover remains. Remains will always be transported face up and feet first. Protection of personal effects and identifying media requires military escorts and/or guards to accompany the remains at all times. (6) Contaminated Remains: (a) Remains of NBC casualties will be marked with a large letter "C" on both the remains and outer coverings so that GRREG personnel may protect themselves during processing. (b) Advice from GRREG and medical personnel will be obtained prior to evacuation of remains. (7) Temporary and Emergency Military Burial Sites: (a) Temporary burial Sites will be kept to a minimum, consistent with operational requirements. Temporary military burial sites will be established only with the approval of the JTF GRREG office. When it is not possible to communicate with the JTF GRREG office, Battalion Commanders may establish temporary burial sites at their own discretion with approval of the Brigade Commander. (b) Battalion Commanders may use small local or military burial to intern remains of U.S. forces personnel after coordination with civil officials. Use of local civil cemeteries will require approval of the JTF GRREG office. (c) Mass burial will only be made with approval of JTF GRREG Office. When commanders are out of communication with Corps headquarters, the commander of the highest intermediate headquarters with which communications are established will analyze the situation and make the decision concerning the method of burial. Every effort will be made to either establish identity or to preserve identifying material. d. Mortuary Affairs (MA) (1) Purpose: To provide guidance for all concerned with Mortuary Operations and outline responsibilities associated with those operations. (2) General: Recovery operations are conducted to search for, recover, and evacuate human remains for proper dispositions. Prior to augmentation from higher headquarters, the CAB must plan for and conduct recovery operations. The MA team provided to the CAB will establish a MA collection point (MACP) in the vicinity of the ASB/BSA and will be capable of processing 20 remains per day. The MACP may not always be available for operational missions (3) Applicability: The policies and procedures established in this annex are applicable to all personnel assigned to manage Mortuary Affairs Operations. (4) Responsibilities: (a) Commanders. Commanders at all levels are responsible for ensuring that assets are available and dedicated to the search, recovery, processing and evacuation of deceased soldiers, airmen, marines, seamen and their personal effects. This also applies to allies, civilians and enemies. (b) S1. S1s will attach teams, as required, down to the company level for life support, security and maintenance. (c) G4 /DMMC / MCO / Support Operations. The G4 will determine MA requirements, and oversees MA operations. The DMMC will ensure required assets are pre- stocked. G4 will also allocate transportation assets through the DTO/MCO. The G4 will track and report MA operations using reports received through command channels from the DISCOM Support Operations. When an entire platoon is supporting a division the platoon leader and platoon sergeant will collocate with the DREAR. (5) Operations: (a) Concept of Mortuary Affairs Support. Mortuary affairs support begins at the unit level. Members of the team, platoon, or company recover the remains of their own fatalities and evacuate those deceased soldiers to the closest mortuary affairs collection point (MACP), usually located at the nearest support area. Once the deceased soldiers are received at the collection point, mortuary affairs specialists (92M) will process them. They will also gather tentative identification information and inventory any personal effects. From here deceased soldiers will be evacuated as quickly as possible, using air transport when possible or retrograde convoys, to the Corps and Theater rear areas exercising Dignity and Respect at all times. (b) Forward MA Collection Point Teams: These are 7 person teams attached to units from the Corps QM Collection Company (MA). These specialized teams operate a Collection Point capable of receiving and processing approximately 20 deceased soldiers per day, documenting identification media, taking fingerprints, and inventorying personal effects. They provide support on an area basis and are usually attached to the support battalion responsible for that area; typically one team per brigade sized element. There are four teams in a platoon and platoons are typically attached on the basis of one per division. (c) Access rosters will be strictly enforced. (d) Interment/disinterment: 1. Conduct interment/disinterment operations only if directly authorized by the geographic combatant commander, (i.e., CINC). 2. Coordinate interment or disinterment of local nationals or enemy soldiers through higher HQs. Approval in writing through the JMAO is required prior to execution. 3. Maintain separate rows for U.S., enemy, allied, and local national interments. (e) Contaminated Remains. 1. Do not process contaminated remains at MACP. 2. Decontaminate on site, or evacuate via approved dirty route, any contaminated remains to an approved Mortuary Affairs Decontamination Collection Point (MADCP). (f) Hygiene: 1. Mortuary Affairs personnel involved in processing will be given priority for use of laundry and shower facilities. 2. Ensure any individuals allowed to enter processing or storage areas take necessary protective measures. 3. Bag MA hazardous refuse in RED medical waste bags for special handling by individuals disposing of unit wastes. (6) REQUIRED FORMS: DA FORMS DD FORMS OTHER FORMS 54-R, Record of PE 565, Statement of Recognition AF FORM 137 2773-R, Statement Of ID 567, Record of Search and Recovery 4339-R, Ma and Status Rep 890, Record of ID Processing, Pe/Pd 5329-R, Escort Report 891, Record of ID Processing, Dental 892, Record of ID Processing, Skel 893, Record of ID Processing, Anoto 894, Record of ID Processing, Prints 1070, Mil Ops Rec of Pe, Dec Pers 1074, Questionnaire of Local Inhabit. 1075, Convoy List of Remains 1079, Internment/Disinterment Reg 1384, Trans Control Movements Doc 1387, Military Shipment Label 1387-2, Special Handling Cert. 2064, Certificate of Death, OCONUS CHAPTER 4, SECTION H: FACILITY MANAGEMENT 1. Billeting: Available billets are dependent upon the infrastructure development in the brigade area of operations. Management and allocation of available billeting space is published in the service support annex, and is controlled by the BDE S4. a. In the absence of installation/garrison support, the BDE S4 is responsible for the establishment and manning of a mayor cell. The mayor cell scope of duties includes allocation, facilities maintenance, utilities, sanitation/waste management, and installation clearing procedures. b. Seizure/occupation of private property is not authorized unless permitted by the current ROE or directed by higher headquarters. All subordinate units are ultimately responsible for providing shelter and life support for their soldiers through the use of CTA tentage on hand. c. All subordinate units will submit the billeting utilization report (BUR), TAB 21, to the BDE mayor cell monthly or as required by installation support activities. d. Billeting allocation to subordinate units will be determined by current assigned personnel strength. As available space permits, separate quarters will be assigned based on rank and gender considerations. The mayor cell will also be responsible for the allocation and maintenance of VIP billets and administrative buildings as available. e. Requests for facilities maintenance, utility service, and waste collection will be submitted to the mayor cell for support by the installation directorate of public works (DPW). f. Requests for construction of billeting and other facilities will be submitted to the BDE S4 for support by the installation facility engineer team (FET). CHAPTER 4, SECTION L: SUSTAINMENT AUTOMATION SYSTEMS (STAMIS) 1. STAMIS consist of computer hardware and software systems that automate diverse functions based on validated customer requirements. STAMIS facilitate the vertical and horizontal flow of logistics information to units Army wide. 2. The main STAMIS systems include Unit Level Logistics System-Ground (ULLS-G), Unit Level Logistics System-Aviation (ULLS-A), which is being replaced by ULLS-A (Enhanced) (ULLS-A [E]) with the implementation of recent hardware and software upgrades; PBUSE, which replaces Unit Level Logistics System- S4 (ULLS-S4), SARSS, SAMS; and the Standard Army Ammunition System-Modified (SAAS- MOD). All of these STAMISs are nested within the CAB and ASB. Figure 4-1 depicts the location and types of STAMISs nested within the CAB and ASB. Figure 4-1 CAB and ASB STAMIS Distribution 3. VERY SMALL APERTURE TERMINAL (VSAT) a. The VSAT system currently being fielded provides forward deployed units a communication capability substantially the same as the garrison environment. VSAT connects sustainment elements across the globe. In conjunction with the multi-media communications system and the logistics automated information system interface, VSAT provides worldwide voice, video and data communications. b. The VSAT, coupled with the Combat Service Support Automated Information Systems Interface (CAISI), provides STAMIS connectivity without sole reliance upon an MSE network. 4. CSS AUTOMATED INFORMATION SYSTEMS INTERFACE (CAISI) a. Logisticians who understand the telecommunication systems available for sustainment on the battlefield will better influence the outcome of battle. Logisticians can use the transfer of data in the STAMIS over long distances as a combat multiplier. b. MSE provides the architecture for STAMIS conductivity. MSE, a voice and digital communication system, is arrayed to cover a geographical area in a tactical field environment. MSE components consist of the following: DNVT, Digital Secure Voice Telephone (DSVT), Single Subscriber Terminal (SST), MSRT, and facsimile equipment (TACFAX or BLACKJACK). c. The CAISI provides tactical network connections for logistics units. The CAISI translates various types of signal formats. The CAISI allows all existing STAMIS systems to interface with each other by using the tactical network. One CAISI can support up to 32 users. It is important to note that all data transmission takes place over the Tactical Packet Network (TPN), a system embedded in the MSE architecture. Each location of MSE on the battlefield also has a packet network switch to route all the traffic from the CAISI systems located throughout the AO d. The combination of CAISI along with the VSAT now being fielded is providing logisticians with global connectivity and unprecedented reach back capability. Once completed, fielding of the VSAT allows STAMIS connectivity without tying the supporting unit to an MSE network as the only option. Figure 4-2 depicts the logistics STAMIS communications architecture within the theater. Figure 4-2 STAMIS Communications Architecture 5. ULLS GENERAL a. ULLS is a STAMIS designed to provide aviation maintenance commanders, maintenance officers/technicians and maintainers the ability to track maintenance and materiel readiness management operations and prepare maintenance management forms and records. It also enables aviation logistics personnel to process requests and initiate procedures designed to provide maintenance personnel needed aircraft repair parts and components in support of aviation maintenance operations across the total Army. b. ULLS is broken down into three separate systems designed to support dedicated functions and activities within a specific unit. Each performs different functions; the three ULLS systems are ULLS-A, which is being replaced by ULLS-A Enhanced (ULLS-A [E]), ULLS- Ground and PBUSE (which replaced ULLS-S4). 6. ULLS-A a. ULLS-A is an automated system that produces flight packs, tracks the readiness of aircraft and it’s configured subsystems, maintains operational and historical records and processes class IX repair parts. ULLS-A also automates bench stock listings by shop codes, (stocked and maintained manually with an automated reordering process), PLL, Reportable Component Management, maintenance management processes performed by PC, and Army Materiel Status Reporting (AMSS) application. ULLS-A is now the system of record for all PLL/BS and The Army Maintenance Management System-Aviation (TAMMS-A) operations at the unit level. ULLS-A enhances and supports those tasks associated with Controlled Exchange of Reportable Components listed in TB 1-1500-341-04. b. ULLS-A at the AMC/T and ASC is configured into a network operation. A notebook computer that facilitates those tasks previously performed on the manual logbook supports each aircraft. Active Army units are normally supported by three workstation computers (PC, QC, and Technical Supply), and a file server positioned in the PC office. These desktops comprise the LAN. The notebook computers perform data transfer using modem or diskette methods of transmission. This procedure processes those tasks performed by crewmembers to the LAN. Tasks and activities performed by QC and PC are transferred to the aircraft notebook. ASC level units are provided an ULLS-A network that supports those activities necessary to perform support level maintenance for customer, float, and organic aircraft. c. AMSS has been developed to replace the manual readiness reporting requirements outlined in AR 700-138. AMSS is intended to become the commander’s link to monitoring the supply and maintenance posture of the unit. d. The ULLS-A system provides PC the capability to generate and manage unit level work orders and post status to the maintenance request register. The ULLS-A system provides the vehicle to produce and manage internal work orders (Intra-Shop), which are printed and supplied to AMC/T shops. e. ULLS-A provides QC an automated component, inventory, and inspection master files which are managed by Aviation and Missile Command (AMCOM). PC receives a Master Maintenance Data File (MMDF) updated and supplied from Logistics Support Activity (LOGSA). f. Tasks and activities performed by QC and PC are transferred to the aircraft notebook. These procedures will ensure that the ULLS-A is current and reflects the latest status assigned to the airframe. NOTE: Perform daily database back-ups before the daily data transfer is initiated. g. The ULLS-A system provides PC the capability to generate and manage ASC level work orders and post statuses to the maintenance request register. The ULLS-A system provides the vehicle to produce and manage internal work orders (Intra-Shop), which are printed and supplied to the ASC component and airframe repair platoons. NOTE: refer to FM 3-04.500 for information and guidance on tech supply functions and interfaces. 7. ULLS-A Management Functions a. At the flight/line company, the crew chief is responsible for daily data entries to ensure that ULLS-A accurately reflects the current status and condition of his aircraft 24/7. All faults and inspections performed must be entered into DA Form 2408-13-1-E and inputted into the ULLS-A notebook. Related maintenance actions entered on DA Form 2408-13-2-E will not be entered in the ULLS-A notebook. b. However, when a grounding condition (X status) is entered into DA Form 2408-13-2- E that effectively impacts the mission capable readiness condition of an airframe, an entry will be made on the DA Form 2408-13-1-E and entered into the ULLS-A notebook. 38 NOTE: Flight packs may be used for 7 mission days IAW DA PAM 738-751 while away from home station. 40 c. Before the first flight on the first duty day of the week the crew chief will run the Inspection and Component Projection Reports to determine upcoming requirements. The report should cover not less than 7 days or 25 flight hours. At the completion of the last flight of the day, the crew chief posts all status and/or flying hour entries and prints a new flight pack and prepares the logbook for the next day's operation. d. Platoon sergeants/section chiefs monitor all daily data entry operations by subordinate crew chiefs. Monitors daily data transfer operations from all ULLS-A computers under his/her control in accordance with established procedures. Review all ULLS-A closed faults for completeness and correctness. Ensure preformatted tapes/diskettes are used for all back-ups and data transfers. e. The PC office will provide procedural guidance on the functional aspects and operations of the ULLS-A system. The PC OIC coordinates all actions taken when an aircraft becomes PMC or NMC. Actions include but are not limited to aircraft systems and sub-systems trouble shooting, aircraft component repair/replacement, or the requisition process of a serviceable aircraft repair part/component. It may also include controlled exchange actions in the event aircraft repair part/component are in short supply or has long lead times. Once a determination has been made on a COA the ULLS-A database needs to be updated. f. The PC office receives and coordinates daily data transfers from/to flight companies according to established schedules. It will perform all data transfer functions to higher levels (SARSS, SAMS) for all maintenance and supply support. It prepares and provides required daily, weekly and monthly reports to the Brigade Aviation Maintenance Office (BAMO) IAW established policies and procedures. g. The principal operators in the QC section are TIs. TIs will review the ULLS-A database in the flight company computers to ensure all appropriate information (new and corrected faults, man-hours, when discovered, how recognized, flight time) is entered correctly into the corresponding aircraft’s ULLS-A notebook. They will also review closed faults for completeness and correctness. They will keep all aircraft historical records to include configuration control, and weight and balance current in the ULLS-A database. TIs archive completed records and forms IAW established procedures. Records will be archived IAW DA Pamphlet 738-751. h. Aviation logistics personnel will perform automated logistics functions affecting requests, receipt, storage, issue, and accountability of the aviation maintenance unit’s assigned PLL. When an airframe is down for parts, the PC OIC, will direct aviation logistics personnel to initiate automated aircraft repair parts and component requests. i. Non Mission Capable Supply (NMCS) aircraft will carry the highest priority designator (PD) assigned to the unit when processing a request for issue for a serviceable aircraft repair part or component. Corresponding status for NMCS aircraft will be inputted into the ULLS-A system and reported to the BAMO through the PC office. Complete a document control register (DCR) print purge at least weekly. The unit should run PLL DCR Reconciliation DCR Fault Reconciliation Catalog Load Update and Automated Follow-up at least weekly. 8. ULLS-A (E) a. ULLS-A (E), when fully fielded, will be the replacement system for ULLS-A. The ULLS-S (E) system is an inventory management and maintenance system that allows visibility of assets through all phases of supply and maintenance by both Army and contractor personnel. In order to provide units with better asset visibility, validation, accountability, and life cycle management, the Department of Defense (DOD) introduced and standardized a means of direct part marking of all unique identification (UID) items within the DOD supply system. NOTE: ULLS-A (E) will begin fielding at the conclusion of its operational system validation testing. The end of FY 06 will complete fielding. ULLS-A (E), once fielded will be the system of record to track all logistics and maintenance actions for all aviation maintenance units. The manual system (hard copies of forms and records) will be used as a back-up in the event that ULLS-A (E) is non-functional. It is the PC office responsibility to coordinate the input and update of all maintenance and logistics actions into ULLS-A (E) once the system is fully operational. b. ULLS-A (E) speeds logistics and maintenance operations at the unit level while eliminating errors that can occur while using a manual system or procedures. ULLS-A (E) is an automated system that produces flight packs, tracks the readiness of aircraft and its configured subsystems, maintains operational and historical records and processes class 9 (Air) repair parts. 9. ULLS-G a. ULLS-G speeds supply and maintenance operations at the unit level while eliminating errors that can occur under a manual system. ULLS-G also provides motor pool operations with dispatch capability. The ULLS-G alert dispatch option allows multiple dispatches to be printed. The operation of ULLS-G does not change between garrison and field environments. b. ULLS-G also provides the ability to track requisitions, deadline faults, FMC status as well as NMC status, job order status, equipment availability, mileage of rolling stock, hours of operation, and OPTEMPO funding. 10. PBUSE a. PBUSE is the Army’s web-based, state-of-the art, property accountability system. System features provide Standard Property Book System-Redesign (SPBS-R) and Unit Level Supply System-S4 (ULLS- S4) functionality plus a seamless, Federal Financial Management Improvement Act (FFMIA)/Chief Financial Officer (CFO) compliant, data access by permission control system for both garrison and tactical environments. When tactical requirements dictate and direct connection to the web is not possible, the system operates in a disconnected stand- alone mode. Upon completion of a stand-alone tactical requirement, the system is reconnected to the web for re-synchronization of the user’s data to the central database. Business Process Reengineering (BPR) provides major improvements to readiness in addition to timely and accurate information flow. Improvements include an enterprise assets database, graphical user interfaces, and process improvements to simplify existing capabilities, and address the "any time, any place" data access needs for property accountability users. b. The centralized web and data base server are located behind the Army Knowledge Online (AKO) firewall in the Strategic and Advanced Computer Center (SACC) at Fort Belvoir, Virginia. PBUSE consists of a central database server, a web server, and client computers. Users are provided Pentium class workstations under the Windows 2000 operating system. Other computers may be used for access to the central database, but minimum RAM and storage requirements must be met to assure system performance is not degraded. With the fielded hardware suite, users are provided the office automation tools, communications, and web browsers necessary for full access to the central server. They are also provided a laser printer for required document and report production. c. PBUSE relies on sustainable telecommunications for its operations. The primary link from the user to the central server is the Internet. Access to the Internet can be through the users LAN or a dial-up communications network. Since the system has the capability of operating in a stand-alone mode, it can also be linked through tactical networks using satellite or land communications. The primary tactical communications means will be though the MSE network. 11. SAMS GENERAL a. SAMS increases the productivity of maintenance shops, and provides commanders with accurate and timely maintenance management and logistics information. It provides visibility of inoperative equipment and required repair parts, selected maintenance, equipment readiness, and equipment performance reports. It also provides completed work order data to the Army’s Logistics Support Agency (LOGSA) for equipment performance and other analyses. SAMS is divided into two levels—SAMS-1 and SAMS-2. Both of these systems will be replaced when the Standard Army Maintenance System-Enhanced (SAMS- E) is fielded. 12. SAMS-1/SAMS-E a. SAMS-1 automates work order registration and document registers. It automates inventory control and reorder of shop and bench stock as well as automating work order parts and requisitioning. SAMS-1 automates maintenance documentation and information gathering and transmittal; provides management of work orders and work order tasks; allows transfer of repair parts and/or dues-in between work orders and shop stock; accounts for direct, indirect, and non-productive man-hours; simplifies and standardizes the collection and use of maintenance data; improves readiness management and visibility by providing equipment status and asset data; raises the quality and accuracy of performance, cost, backlog, man-hour, and parts data through improved maintenance management. • SAMS-1 conducts logistics and maintenance interfaces with the following systems: • Unit Level Logistics System. • SAMS-2. • SARSS-1. • SARSS-Gateway 13. SAMS-2/E a. SAMS-2 is an automated maintenance management system used at the sustainment brigade SPO as well as in the TSC. b. SAMS-2 is used by the field commands to collect and store equipment performance and maintenance operations data. This information is used to determine guidance to be given to their subordinate maintenance units for planning purposes. c. SAMS-2 provides the capability of monitoring equipment non-mission capable status and controlling and coordinating maintenance actions and repair parts utilization to maximize equipment availability. It receives and processes maintenance data to meet information requirements of the manager and to fulfill reporting requirements to customers, higher SAMS-2 sites, and the wholesale maintenance level. Data can be accessed instantly to fulfill management’s needs in controlling, coordinating, reporting, analysis and review. d. SAMS-2 provides Maintenance and Management information to each level of command from the user to DA levels. SAMS-2 collects, stores, and retrieves maintenance information from SAMS-1 sites, and allows managers to coordinate maintenance workloads. SAMS-2 passes significant maintenance and supply information to higher commands for the purpose of maintenance engineering and readiness reporting. e. SAMS-2 conducts interfaces with the following systems: • ULLS. • SAMS-1. • SAMS-2. • LOGSA. 14. SAMS-E a. The SAMS-E, when fielded, will replace SAMS-1 and SAMS-2. It will also absorb ULLS-G and will provide all those functions previously performed by that program. 15. SARRS a. SARSS-1 (1) SARSS is a multi-echelon supply management and stock control system designed to operate in tactical and garrison environments. SARSS is comprised of four integrated systems: SARSS-1 ASB level, SARSS-2AD at the sustainment brigade, SARSS-2AC/B at the DMC of the TSC, and SARSS-Gateway. SARSS provides supply related data to the ILAP system at various functional levels. SARSS supports ULLS, SAMS, SPBS-R, non-automated customers, and the split-based operations concept. SARSS is fully integrated from the user through theater Army level. It has the capability to support worldwide deployment of combat forces in operations including MCO, PME, or SSC. (2) SARSS-1 is the standard supply system used for receipt, issue, replenishment, and storage operations. It operates at the distribution company level. SARSS-1 systems are capable of sustaining prime support responsibilities for customer units. Each customer unit is capable of interacting directly with any SARSS-1 system. (3) SARSS-1 is the system of record. It maintains accountable balances and is supported by a SARSS- 2A activity. It is dependent on SARSS-2B for catalog support and computation of stockage levels. SARSS- 1 determines replenishment based on stockage levels furnished by the supporting SARSS-2B. It provides information data to SARSS-2A and SARSS-2B for stock management. b. SARSS-2A (1) SARSS-2A performs time-sensitive supply functions. These include management of controlled items; lateral search of stocks to fulfill unsatisfied customer’s requirements from subordinate SARSS-1 activities, and redistribution of excess. SARSS-2A is fielded in the TSC. (2) SARSS-2A and SARSS-2B are both on the same hardware platform and share a common database. SARSS2-A performs times sensitive supply management functions for referral, excess disposition and management for Class II, III (P), IV, VII and IX. It manages redistribution of supplies. SARSS-2A also maintains a custodial Availability Balance File (ABF) that provides visibility of SARSS-1 assets. SARSS- 2A processes include all of the SARSS-2A functions. c. SARSS-2B (1) SARSS-2B performs management functions that are not time-sensitive. These include document history, demand analysis, catalog updates for all subordinate SARSS-1 activities, and financial system interface. It supports subordinate SARSS-1 systems by performing stockage level computations, tailoring catalog files, and maintaining active and inactive document history data. SARSS-2B operates at the TSC levels to support management operations. 16. SAAS-MOD a. SAAS-MOD is an automated ammunition system which consolidates 3 SAAS levels of operations into a single software baseline. It is a real-time, interactive system with state-of- the-art hardware and software, having the capability to optimize allocation of ammunition resources to support those decisions necessary to ensure timely resupply of theater assets from the highest levels of operation and management nodes down to the customer. The system incorporates Embedded Training, Automatic Identification Technology, sustainment training, enhanced communications technology, and operates on non- developmental item hardware in a Windows New Technology environment. It is a go-to-war replacement for the old SAAS, which was unable to meet wartime requirements during Operation Desert Shield/Storm (ODS/S). b. SAAS-MOD is designed to manage conventional ammunition, guided missiles and large rockets (GMLR) and related component and packaging (C&P) materials. It provides accurate ITV and stock record accounting for ammunition at the retail level. Each SAAS-MOD operating level functions within its own definition; however, it is capable of operating independently of the next level when communications is not available or the supporting higher level is not present. SAAS-MOD provides formal stock record accountability, asset visibility, management control, and automatic reporting capabilities for ammunition stored at the retail level. Management functions include basic load, war reserve, and operational stock management. The system supports Class V conventional ammunition missions for units ranging in size from a brigade to a theater. With exception of an Ammunition Transfer Point, any level, when deployed independently (to include pre-positioned afloat & floating ASP) can perform the same functions as a theater materiel management center or a direct/general support ordnance group. SAAS- MOD provides the customer the ability to test wartime scenarios on existing databases without disrupting real-time accountability. CHAPTER 4, SECTION N: SUSTAINMENT COMMAND AND CONTROL 1. BATTLE COMMAND AND SUSTAINMENT SUPPORT SYSTEM (BCS3) a. BCS3 is the Army’s replacement for CSSCS. BCS3 supports the warfighting C2 and battle management process by rapidly processing large volumes of logistical, personnel and medical information. The BCS3 facilitates quicker, more accurate decision making by providing a more effective means for commanders and logistics commanders to determine the sustainability and supportability of current and planned operations. Qualitative improvements attributed to the BCS3 will be measured by positive assessment by a substantial majority of commanders and their staffs. b. The BCS3 collects and processes selected sustainment data in a seamless manner from logistics STAMIS and manual systems/processes, and other related source data and hierarchical automated C2 systems. Based on these inputs, the BCS3 generates the logistics portion of the COP, and disseminates near real time logistical C2 reports, responses to logistics related ad hoc queries, and provide logistics battlefield functional area (BFA) information in support of the ABCS common picture of the battlefield. The latter capability represents the essence of ABCS and serves to insure that all force level commanders and staffs see and understand the AO and gain dominant situational awareness on the battlefield by sharing the pertinent data of that common picture. This functional capability will be facilitated by ABCS BFA interoperability, use of ABCS common hardware/software, client/server architecture, and unique BCS3 software modules. Within the ABCS, BCS3 is the capstone C2 decision support system (DSS) for all command and staff matters associated with sustainment operations and/or projections. Since we train in peace as we will fight in war, the BCS3 provides commanders with a DSS tool for everyday use in support of their sustainment mission and C2 requirements. The common picture of the battlefield is an ABCS universal product based on the selected sharing BFA proponent information amongst and common to the other ABCS BFA. ABCS common picture products include situational maps (terrain, disposition of friendly and enemy forces, etc.), battle resource reports, and other intelligence products. c. The ABCS common picture is the mainstay for the synchronization of leadership situational awareness. Access to information and the common picture displays support the effective assessment and integration of the battlefield operating systems, i.e., maneuver, fire support, mobility/countermobility, C2, intelligence, electronic warfare, air defense, and sustainment. This mutual ABCS capability will be expanded in Block III, BCS3 Version 5, to accommodate joint, allied and host nation information exchanges. d. Fielded only to logistics units, BCS3 is employed by the ASB, sustainment brigade, and TSC. BCS3 interfaces with the other ABCS BFA, higher and lower C2 systems (e.g., GCCS- A and FBCB2), and Management Informational Systems for personnel, medical, supply, services, and transportation at all echelons. e. The system displays a three-dimensional picture using topographic details selected by the user from a menu of audible mapping features. BCS3 provides the LCOP on MCS and provides the sustainment commander with enhanced briefings and data-management capabilities. The current logistical data is augmented with analytical and decision support tools that enable the commander to make well-informed decisions rapidly and effectively. f. BCS3 provides commanders current and future combat power estimates in what is called the Running Estimate. Its ability to fuse data from satellites, RFID, interrogators, and transponders enable BCS3 to track and display the locations of vehicles and cargo as they move within an area of operations. BCS3 obtains data/files from MCS to incorporate the operational data with the logistics data to provide commanders with the most comprehensive and robust view of today's battle spaces. BCS3 displays the worldview of U.S. tactical units that are providing electronic feeds to the system. The display provides an aggregated view of icons representing unit locations pulled from the BFT at FBCB2. 2. MTS a. The MTS is a stand-alone, satellite-based communication system that provides near real time ITV of distribution assets. The MTS provides ITV through the use of vehicular mounted personal computer-based hardware packages with mapping software and commercial satellite assets. The MTS combines GPS and satellite communication technologies that provide automatically updated position location and two-way digitized message capability between mobile units and control stations. b. The MTS is employed at all levels of the distribution management system. MTS control stations are located in the DMC, SPO sections, movement control/mode operator headquarters elements, support battalion SPO sections, and SSAs. The MTS control stations located at the maneuver brigade S4, ASB SPO, and sustainment brigade’s SPO section, transportation cell provide positive inbound clearance, outbound coordination of transportation assets and supplies, and maintain ITV. c. The MTS provides logistics commanders with near real time transportation asset location, movement data, and situational understanding. These capabilities enable distribution managers to redirect (divert) supplies/assets to higher priority needs, avoid identified hazards, inform vehicle operators of changes in unit locations, and improves the overall effectiveness and efficiency of the distribution management system. The MTS mobile units, palm sized laptop computers, are mounted on common user land transportation (CULT) vehicles, selected C2 and support vehicles, and logistics tactical wheeled vehicles. In addition, a mobile MTS unit will be available for use by host nation and other foreign nations contributing to a combined operation, or in leased, contracted and other vehicles that may be used in the distribution role but would not normally be equipped with MTS. 3. LOGISTICS SUPPORT FUNCTIONS ON FBCB2 a. The FBCB2 is a hardware/software suite that digitizes C2 at brigade level and below. The FBCB2 concept provides a seamless battle command capability for performance of missions throughout the operational continuum at the tactical level. The FBCB2 is the implementation of information age technology to provide increased battlefield operational capabilities. b. The system, positioned on specified platforms, will perform tactical and sustainment functions for the planning and execution of operations. The FBCB2 represents a major paradigm shift for the logistics community. For the first time, the sustainment organizations are digitally linked to the platforms and organizations that they support. The FBCB2 provides a common battlefield picture enabling logistics providers to maintain the OPTEMPO set by maneuver commanders. 4. LOGISTICS FUNCTIONS a. Combat service support functionality within FBCB2 gives the commander a common relevant picture of the current logistics situation at his/her echelon of command and at subordinate levels. Additionally, it provides the personnel and logistics leaders logistics SU throughout their AO. It also provides enhanced capability to synchronize support to customer units. b. Logistics Functionality In FBCB2. The sustainment functionality on FBCB2 includes the following: The LOGSITREP, personnel situation report (PERSITREP), supply point and field services status report, CTIL or baseline resource item list (BRIL), and a task management suite which includes: logistics CFS, logistics task orders (LTO), logistics task synchronization and logistics task management. Figure 4-3 depicts the LOGSITREP screen available via BCS3. Figure 4-3. LOGSITREP Screen-FBCB2 c. Additional FBCB2 Logistics Reports Include: Medical unit situation report, mortuary affairs report, logistical and tactical situational understanding. Currently, FBCB2 permits information to be entered using free text, such as comments and other pertinent logistical information. In these cases, the user of the system should understand that the information cannot be automatically manipulated or rolled-up by higher headquarters. 5. LOGSITREP a. The LOGSITREP provides input for logistical status for all classes of supply as determined by the CTIL, for example, Class I, II, III (P), III (B), IV, V, VII, and IX. CTIL items are selected from the BCS3 BRIL and passed through each echelon of command using the CTIL/BRIL update message and posted to each FBCB2 platform. Platforms are only required to report CTIL items authorized and available on-hand. The LOGSITREP primarily flows through the NCO chain of command to the battalion S4s, the brigade S4, and SPO. All reports will follow the chain of command as specified in the unit task organization (UTO). As each unit's report is submitted to the next higher echelon of command, information copies are sent to key personnel. For survivability of the reporting process, key personnel are identified to replace the primary roll-up point duties should the primary roll-up point become non-operational. CHAPTER 4, SECTION R, PROPERTY BOOK OFFICE (PB0) CELL 1. PURPOSE: The purpose of this Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) is to define the procedures for support to customers serviced by the Property Book (PB) Office. The SOP will help to facilitate the proper submission of accountability documents and aid commanders in the management of their hand receipts. 2. APPLICABILITY: This SOP applies to all units receiving PB Office support from the 4____ PB Office. 3. GENERAL: The PB Office operates on the principle of property accountability and management using the automated tools available in the Property Book Unit Supply Enhanced (PBUSE) system. The PB Office maintains accountability for all non-expendable organizational property within the ____ Combat Aviation Brigade through the use of monthly hand receipts. The PB Office team manages these hand receipts for each assigned unit and has the responsibility for insuring they are accurate and updated by unit commanders on a monthly basis. The PB Office will accept all digitally sent documents as long as they are legible, properly prepared, contain authorized signatures, and dated within the parameters prescribed by this SOP. Supported units should maintain a suspense copy of all transactions submitted to the PB Office until verification of completion has been accomplished. The PB Office will only support transactions for items listed on a valid PB Office hand receipt. All other non-expendable items are to be maintained by the unit until PB accountability has been established. 4. REFERENCES: The references listed below can be located on the internet at the U.S. Army Publishing Directorate’s web page using the following link: http://www.army.mil/usapa a. AR 25-400-2, The Army Records Information Management System. This regulation focuses on the management of long-term and permanent records and allows the unit to manage short-term records. b. AR 71-32, Force Development and Documentation-Consolidated Policies. This regulation explains Modification Tables of Organization, and Equipment (MTOE), Tables of Distribution and Allowances (TDA), changes to MTOEs, and Letters of Retention. c. AR 190-11, Physical Security of Arms, Ammunition, & Explosives. This regulation prescribes standards and criteria for the physical security, storing, and transporting of sensitive conventional arms, ammunition, and explosives (AA&E). d. AR 220-1, Unit Status Reporting. This regulation sets the policies for the monthly Unit Status Report (USR). e. AR 710-2, Supply Policy Below the National Level. This is the basic supply policy regulation for the Army. However, it does not explain the details of specific policies. Specifics can be found in DA PAM 710-2-1. f. AR 735-5, Policies and Procedures for Property Accountability. This regulation outlines the types of responsibilities and the differences between accountability and responsibility. It states policies defining the differences between expendable, durable, and non- expendable property. It also defines the policies for accounting for lost, damaged, or destroyed property. g. DA Pam 710-2-1, Using Unit Supply System (Manual Procedures). This is the Bible for unit supply operations. It explains how to perform normal supply operations and gives examples on how to fill out the required forms. h. AIS Manual GCSS-A/T PBUSE EM. This end users manual describes how to operate the functions of the PBUSE system. It also gives detailed procedures for units to use and outlines the functions of the PB Office. 5. PROPERTY BOOK OFFICE ORGANIZATION: The PBO serves as the supported commander’s main point of contact for all unit level PB issues. If an issue cannot be resolved, it will be addressed to the next higher headquarters’ PBO (DPBO). a. Hours of Operation and Phone Numbers (1). The PB Office is located in building 8002 at Shipton Barracks and can be contacted at DSN 467-3497/3498. The PB Office is closed on the first working day of each month for the downloading of monthly inventories. Emergencies will be handled on a case-by- case basis. Normal hours of operation are listed below: Monday 0900-1130 and 1300-1630 Tuesday 0900-1130 and 1300-1630 Wednesday 0900-1130 and 1300-1630 Thursday 0900-1130 and 1300-1630 Friday AM Closed and 1300-1500 6. RESPONSIBILITIES: In order to understand the various types of responsibilities a soldier may incur for Government property it is necessary to give an overview of the five types of responsibilities recognized by the Department of the Army (DA). The different types of responsibility depend upon the relationship the soldier has to the property. For further details see AR 735-5, paragraph 2-8. a. Command Responsibility (1). Command responsibility is inherent by virtue of command and cannot be delegated. It is the commander’s responsibility to insure that all inventories are conducted properly using the correct Supply Catalog (SC), Technical Bulletin (TB), or Technical Manual (TM), and completed in a timely manner. This includes providing adequate means for sub-hand receipt holders to secure their property. Failure to enforce policies could result in the commander being found financially liable for losses incurred within the unit. All commanders are responsible for ensuring that government property is used for its intended purpose. It is a violation of Army regulation to use Government property for personal use without prior approval. The Command Supply Discipline Program (CSDP) checklist, see AR 710-2, Appendix B, is an excellent tool for commander’s to use in assessing their unit’s logistical operations. b. Supervisory Responsibility (1). Supervisors must ensure they provide adequate guidance and direction to subordinates with regards to supply accountability. In addition, supervisors are the enforcers of the commander’s policies. For example, ensuring inventories of section and platoon equipment are conducted prior to and upon return from field training exercises (FTX). This will also foster a good climate for subordinates to learn the importance of supply accountability. c. Direct Responsibility (1). Direct responsibility is established when an individual signs for a piece of equipment. Commanders should determine who will sign for the unit’s property. The supervisor will normally sign for property within their section. These individuals will incur an obligation to ensure they exercise proper care and custody for their equipment. This includes ensuring that it is not damaged through negligence or willful misconduct, properly stored and safeguarded, and properly managed and accounted for through the use of sub-hand receipts. d. Custodial Responsibility (1). This type of responsibility applies to property in storage areas. Custodial responsibility can result from assignment as a supply sergeant, supply custodian, or warehouse person. Individuals who have property in storage areas are responsible for insuring the property is safeguarded from theft and stored in a manner to prevent damage. Access to these storage areas must be limited and controlled. A proper key control program and access control rosters are required to facilitate these procedures. e. Personal Responsibility (1). Personal responsibility always accompanies the physical possession of property, signed for or not. All personnel assume this responsibility when equipment is in their possession or under their control. Any individual using military supplies or equipment is responsible for exercising good supply economy and supply discipline. This includes safeguarding all government property, regardless of type or relationship of the individual to the property. Just because an individual is not signed for a piece of equipment does not mean that they cannot be found financially liable for its loss. 7. ACCESSING PROPERTY BOOK DATA: The PB Office has instituted the use of automation devices to assist customers in the management of their property. One tool recently adopted was the 12CAB Microsoft Outlook Share-Drive to disseminate data to supported customers. All supported customers are afforded ―read only‖ access to this drive alleviating the customer’s requirement to come to the PB Office to conduct business. The PB Office also encourages the use of digital senders thus alleviating the need for customers to leave their home station. a. Share-Drive Folder (1). The PB Office will post the monthly hand-receipt, cyclic and sensitive item inventories, and USR data to the share-drive folder by the established timelines contained within this SOP. Various other types of documents and informational data are also available in the share-drive folder, i.e., PBO appointment orders, annual cyclic inventory schedule, directive and inventory trackers, etc. The share-drive folder is available at the following link: https://katt58501ids022/12CAB/412ASB/pages/SPO.aspx. Customers having difficulties opening the link should contact their unit’s automation representative to get user rights installed. 8. CHANGE OF COMMAND INVENTORY: This inventory is called a ―Change of Primary Hand Receipt Holder Inventory‖ in DA PAM 710-2-1. For the purposes of this SOP it will be referred to as the Change of Command (COC) inventory. The COC inventory is a critical part of property accountability and its importance cannot be overstated. It is most likely the only time a commander will be able to devote their sole attention to the accuracy of their property inventories. In order to maintain accuracy commanders must ensure monthly inventories are conducted properly and discrepancies resolved as soon as possible. a. Outgoing Commander Responsibilities (1). Not later than 120 days prior to the start of a COC inventory the outgoing commander should conduct a 100% inventory. This is called a ―Pre-Change of Command Inventory‖. The purpose of this inventory is to identify and correct any deficiencies to alleviate problems during the actual COC inventory. At a minimum the commander should have all sub- hand receipts updated and resigned; shortage annexes updated, and validated; all new shortages put on order-if funds are available; the location of all property not on sub-hand receipt verified; and confirm items in maintenance. (2). All property book adjustment actions created from the Pre-Change of Command Inventory must be initiated and every effort made to have them completed prior to the start of the COC inventory. Sub-hand receipt holders will have Statement of Charges/Cash Collection Voucher and Financial Liability Investigation of Property Loss (FLIPLOSS) actions initiated for all lost, damage, or destroyed property. Property book discrepancies for makes, models, and sizes will be adjusted with an Administrative Adjustment Report (AAR). Serial number discrepancies that are more than two digits off normally require a FLIPLOSS to correct the error, unless it is an obvious posting mistake. If unsure of what action to take, contact the PB Office for further guidance. Any discrepancy concerning a sensitive item will, as a rule, require an AR 15-6 investigation. A check should be conducted to insure that all SCs, TBs, and TMs are on-hand and current. Any outdated or missing manuals should be downloaded and filed. The supply room should maintain a current copy of all manuals required to perform a COC inventory, to include inventory memorandums for items that do not have manuals. b. Incoming Commander Responsibilities (1). Prior to starting a COC inventory the incoming commander should receive a COC briefing. The PBO will explain procedures for conducting inventories and outline PB Office policies. Incoming commanders should review DA Pam 710-2-1, chapter 9, (Inventories) and their property responsibilities as outlined in AR 735-5, chapter 2. At no time should the incoming commander review any change documents. The incoming commander should make a list of the manuals required to conduct the inventory, ensuring the latest version is available. c. Change of Command Briefing (1). Prior to starting a COC inventory the incoming and outgoing commanders, as well as the supply sergeant, must receive a briefing from the PB Office. This briefing will be conducted in the PB Office by the supporting PBO or designated representative. The COC inventory will not be done telephonically. It is imperative, due to the ability to manipulate data, that the incoming commander receives a current working copy of their hand receipt and sensitive items directly from the PB Office. (2). An appointment to sign the COC hand receipt will be made with the PBO during the briefing. The appointment will be scheduled at least three days prior to the COC ceremony to ensure there is enough time to correct any issues that may arise. d. The Joint Change of Command Inventory (1). The incoming and outgoing commanders must conduct a 100% joint physical inventory of the unit’s property. Thirty days are authorized to complete this inventory. Commanders may request up to two, 15-day extensions. The request will be submitted on memorandum through the next higher commander to the PB Office prior to the end of the thirty- day period. The extension must specify the total number of additional days authorized. Once a commander assumes command, even if they have not signed the hand receipt, they become responsible for all equipment in the unit by virtue of their position. The Army policy is that no commander will assume command without completing a COC inventory and signing the hand receipt. (2). The incoming commander will update all sub-hand receipts and shortage annexes. All adjustment documents, i.e. FLIPLOSS, Statements of Charges/Cash Collection Voucher, AAR, etc., will be provided to the PB Office at least 72 hours prior to the scheduled date for signing the hand receipt. Shortage annexes will be prepared using a DA Form 2062. A separate shortage annex will be prepared per each end item having non-expendable shortages. The only time more than one end item will be listed on a shortage annex is when the end items are exactly the same, i.e., having the same National Stock Number (NSN). The PB Office will validate all non-expendable shortage annexes. Any durable or expendable shortages will be listed on a separate DA Form 2062 and maintained at unit level. e. Following the Change of Command Inventory (1). The incoming commander and supply sergeant will go to the PB Office to validate the COC hand receipt. They should bring the following items with them: (a) The incoming commander’s Assumption of Command Orders. (b) A Notice of Delegation of Authority-Receipt for Supplies, DA Form 1687, listing the individuals designated to receive PB Office support. (c) Any non-expendable shortage annexes. The PB Office will validate all non- expendable shortage annexes. If there are no non-expendable shortages the incoming commander needs to submit a memorandum stating this fact. (d) All inventory notes and related data needed to verify the accuracy of the COC hand receipt and sensitive items inventory. (2). The new commander should keep the records of where things were located and any other notes taken during the inventory. This data may become very useful later on during the command to determine what happened to a particular piece of equipment. 9. MONTHLY INVENTORIES: The PB Office produces monthly automated inventory listings for every supported Unit Identification Code (UIC). The listings are downloaded to the PB Office’s share-drive folder with-in the first three working days of each month. Any transaction posted after the inventories have been downloaded will not appear on the listings until the following month. The unit commander is the only one authorized to sign inventories. All completed inventories and adjustment documents will be returned to the PB Office by the last Tuesday of each month. The preferred method of submission is hand delivered. Digitally-sent copies are always welcomed. An extension for the cyclic inventory and monthly hand receipt can be requested by submitting a memorandum describing the circumstances to the PB Office by the 15th of the affected month. Extensions are not authorized for sensitive item inventories. a. General Inventory Data (1). The PB Office will maintain a ―monthly inventories received‖ spreadsheet inside each team folder on the PB Office share-drive folder. If a unit is still ―red‖ after submitting their reports, they should contact the PB Office for verification of receipt. If the PB Office receives an inventory that is not correct, i.e. missing pages, signatures, incorrect quantities, etc, it will remain ―red‖ on the tracker. The PB Office will contact the commander to inform them of the deficiency and to resend the document upon correction. If a unit fails to turn- in their reports, or does not respond after an error has been reported, their data on the spreadsheet will remain red. It is the commander’s responsibility to ensure their inventories are conducted properly and submitted in a timely manner. Failure to turn-in inventories by the suspense date may result in the freezing of all transactions for that unit. (2). Discrepancies disclosed during any type of inventory must be investigated without delay. If discrepancies are not resolved with-in three days, the discrepancy must be reported to the unit commander for initiation of corrective actions. Unit commanders will ensure the appropriate documents are submitted to the PB Office to correct known discrepancies. (3). If an item does not have a SC, TB, or TM, or if one is not available for use during an inventory, the commander should develop an inventory listing in memorandum format by recording all components on-hand at the time of the inventory. If an item is difficult to describe it is recommended that a digital picture be taken and attached to the inventory memorandum as reference. (4). Often times when a unit is transferred from one PBUSE system to another, a ―Not on Catalog‖ will appear in the item description field due to variations in cataloging data. When this occurs, the unit should submit an AAR to the PB Office identifying these items by nomenclature, make, and model in order to get them cataloged. To obtain ―change to‖ data for the AAR customers are encouraged to use the search tools in the SSN-LIN Automated Management and Integrating System (SLAMIS). (5). When an error message appears on an inventory listing, i.e. ―serial number quantity does not match quantity on hand‖, an AAR should be submitted to correct the deficiency. The Serial Registration Requirement Code (SRRC) determines the requirement to track items by serial number. Items that do not contain a serial number do not require serial number tracking. (6). The PBUSE system will not allow serial numbers to be duplicated for items possessing the same NSN. When duplicates are received, the PB Office adheres to the guidance from the Logistics Support Activity (LOGSA) to add zeros preceding or alpha characters after the serial number. In some cases, due to the old policy of using the PB Office team’s installation code, i.e. BQF, BQH, etc., a three-digit code may still follow the serial number. An AAR can be submitted to remove the installation code. b. Monthly Hand Receipt Inventory (1). This listing reflects all non-expendable property assigned to the unit. Upon verification and signature by the commander, this document becomes a valid hand receipt between the PB Office and the unit commander. Hand receipts are divided into sub-categories based upon the classification of equipment. The Property Book Identification Code (PBIC) determines these classifications. The PBIC is what causes the commander’s hand receipt to be separated into various sections. The listing below illustrates the various types of property and PBICs associated with each. PBIC TYPE OF PROPERTY 0 ADPE (Non-MTOE Computer Equipment) 2 Organizational Clothing & Individual Equipment 4 TDA 5 Ammunition 6 Leased Property 8 Organizational/MTOE X Left behind equipment (Rear-D), previously listed as PBIC 8 H Stay behind equipment (in AOR) (2). Upon receipt of the monthly hand receipt, commanders are required to validate all transactions that have occurred since the previous months hand receipt. Upon completion of the review, the commander will sign each section of their hand receipt. This is not a 100% inventory. The commander’s signature is only confirming that the changes from the previous months hand receipt have been verified. Any adjustment documents required to correct errors should be submitted with the hand receipt. It is recommended that units maintain copies of all documents for a period of two years IAW AR 25-400-2. c. Monthly Sensitive Items Inventory (1). Sensitive item inventories are conducted monthly IAW DA Pam 710-2-1, paragraph 9-9. This includes months in which a change of command inventory is conducted, a unit is deployed, or when a unit is in the field. Sensitive items are identified on the Federal Logistics (FEDLOG) database with a Controlled Inventory Item Code (CIIC) of 1-9, $, N, P, Q, R, or Y (Night Vision Devices). The objective is to ensure that sensitive items are properly secured, safeguarded, accurately accounted for, and continually reported to the DA through Unique Item Tracking (UIT). (2). The unit commander must ensure an authorized individual (IAW 1AD policy a SFC or above, warrant officer, commissioned officer, or DOD civilian employee appointed by the responsible officer) conducts a physical inventory. The same person will not conduct the sensitive item inventory in two consecutive months. The unit armorer, supply sergeant, and PB Office personnel are not authorized to conduct this inventory. Make sure that makes, models, serial numbers, and item descriptions match the listing. (3). Any sensitive item discovered during the inventory that does not appear on the hand receipt will be written in and a found-on-installation (FOI) document submitted to the PB Office for the establishment of accountability. An investigation IAW AR 15-6 is required for any sensitive item determined as missing. A FLIPLOSS will be processed through the PB Office and block 11 will state "See AR 15-6 Investigation". d. Monthly Cyclic Inventory (1). Units are required to inventory 100% of their property annually. The monthly 10% cyclic method is prescribed for use in 1AD in lieu of a single 100% inventory. The PB Office publishes an annual schedule of items to be inventoried each month. This listing can be found on the PB Office’s share-drive folder inside the SOP folder. At times a commander may have two cyclic inventories for the same month; one is generated for the regular hand receipt and the other for tool kits. (2). Commanders will conduct the inventory IAW DA PAM 710-2-1 paragraph 9-6. This inventory cannot be delegated to anyone else. Ensure that make, model, size, serial number, and item description of all items inventoried is accurate. Check the condition of all items and report damaged equipment to maintenance personnel. Items in maintenance must be verified by validating the work order with the maintenance support activity. Check items for completeness against the current SC, TB, or TM. Commanders should annotate the correct item description on their cyclic inventories when a ―Not on Catalog‖ appears and submit an AAR to initiate corrective actions. Commanders will also ensure sub-hand receipts and shortage annexes are updated and FOIs submitted as required. (3). After the inventory is complete, causative research will be conducted for any discrepancies. If no resolution can be found, the unit will report the discrepancies to the PB Office for assistance. Any inventory discrepancy that cannot be corrected will be adjusted IAW AR 735-5. 10. ADMINISTRATIVE ADJUSTMENT DOCUMENTS: Adjustment documents generated to correct deficiencies discovered during an inventory should be submitted to the PB Office at the same time the inventory listings are returned. Adjustment documents to correct other deficiencies can be submitted as discovered. a. Administrative Adjustment Report (1). An AAR, DA Form 4949, will be used to correct minor property book adjustments when there is no actual gain or loss of equipment. It can be used for NSN changes; substituting or un-substituting; changes in makes, models, or sizes; serial number differences when serial number discrepancies are less than two digits off; for items swapped out by a maintenance facility when there is a maintenance form validating the exchange; and when an obvious posting error has occurred. See subparagraph ―D‖ (AR 15-6 Investigation) below for serial number discrepancies involving sensitive items. DA Pam 710-2-1, chapter 4, section II, contains examples and instructions on the use of the AAR. (2). The unit commander, or designated representative, will sign the AAR. When a serial number is adjusted, a brief explanation will be annotated on the AAR. When the serial number is the result of a maintenance swap a copy of the maintenance request form will be attached. b. Statement of Charges/Cash Collection Voucher (1). A Statement of Charges/Cash Collection Voucher, DD Form 362, will be used when liability is admitted for the loss, damage, or destruction of non-sensitive items and the total loss is less than one month’s base pay IAW AR 735-5, paragraph 12-2. The DD Form 362 will be processed through the PB Office for non-expendable items prior to being taken to the Defense Finance and Accounting Section (DFAS). The PB Office will not adjust the unit’s hand receipt until a stamped copy is returned from DFAS verifying that reimbursement proceeding have been initiated. Depreciation will be allowed IAW AR 735-5, Appendix B. c. Financial Liability Investigation of Property Loss (FLIPLOSS) (1). A FLIPLOSS, DD Form 200, will be initiated when any of the requirements in AR 735-5, paragraph 13-3 are met. A FLIPLOSS will be initiated and presented to the appointing/approving official, as appropriate, within 15 calendar days of discovery of loss, damage, or destruction. Units do not need to provide completed copies to the PB Office after the appointing/approving official has signed. (2). A thorough review of the FLIPLOSS will be performed by the S-4 prior to assigning the survey number. When property listed on a FLIPLOSS has been lost or destroyed the FLIPLOSS will be processed through the PB Office. A FLIPLOSS for damaged property does not require a document number because there is no actual loss of equipment. Damaged items will be repaired or turned-in. When damaged items are turned-in, the turn-in document serves as the adjustment document to the hand receipt. Investigations for expendable/durable items will have a unit level document number assigned. (3). Property listed on a FLIPLOSS that is recovered will have accountability reestablished IAW AR 735-5, paragraph 14-14. It is the approving official’s responsibility to ensure that accountability is reestablished for any recovered items by submitting a memorandum requesting re-establishment of accountability to the PB Office. The memorandum will contain the same identification data as listed on the original FLIPLOSS, similar to figure 13-5 in AR 735-5. The document number from the original FLIPLOSS must also be referenced on the memorandum. (4). When expendable/durable and non-expendable items are lost, damaged, or destroyed in the same incident a separate FLIPLOSS will be prepared for the non-expendable items IAW AR 735-5, paragraph 12-1. The FLIPLOSSes will be reference to one another in the remarks block allowing for one investigating officer to be assigned for both. See AR 735-5, paragraph 13-4. d. AR 15-6 Investigation (1). The loss or destruction of a controlled/sensitive item requires an investigation under the provisions of AR 15-6 IAW AR 735-5, table 12-2. This includes serial number changes that cannot be validated as an obvious posting error. A FLIPLOSS will be prepared to adjust entries to property records and/or asses financial liability as the result of an AR 15-6 investigation IAW AR 735-5, paragraph 13-25. (2). Detailed requirements for the preparation of a FLIPLOSS resulting from the findings of an AR 15-6 investigation are in AR 735-5, paragraph 13-10 (b). 11. PROPERTY AUTHORIZATION DOCUMENTS: There are three basic types of authorizations; MTOE (go to war equipment), TDA (non-deployable equipment used to augment home station operations), and Common Table of Allowances (CTAs) (items which are common to all Army units). Units can download their MTOE/TDA from the Internet by going to the Force Management System Web Site at https://webtaads.belvoir.army.mil/usafmsa. A user password is required. To request a change to the MTOE/TDA a unit must submit a DA Form 2028, IAW AR 71-32. All non-expendable property not authorized will be identified as excess. The PB Office will provide disposition instructions directing a unit to L/T excess to fill shortages in other units as needed. a. MTOE Authorizations (1). MTOEs are designed to reflect what a unit needs in order to perform their wartime mission. A MTOE is tailored virtually the same for all like units in the Army. An individual unit that is considering an MTOE change needs to be aware that a change will affect all similar units Army wide. The required column on a MTOE depicts future authorizations and the authorized column is the current year’s authorization. b. TDA Authorizations (1). The Army has many units that are classified as non-deployable because their mission is one that must continue even during conflict. The equipment to fulfill their mission is authorized by TDA. There are also units that are supported by both a MTOE and TDA. This is because they have dual missions; one to deploy in support of conflict and another to support garrison operations even during deployments. c. CTA Authorizations (1). CTA authorizations are not generally unit specific. A CTA will authorize items such as Organizational Clothing and Individual Equipment (OCIE), expendable/durable supplies, and field and garrison furnishing and equipment. Authorizations for CTA items vary on unit location and type of mission. CTA authorizations are stock funded, meaning the unit must fund the purchases. 12. EQUIPMENT ON-HAND REPORTING: The Equipment on Hand (EOH) portion of the monthly USR is a critical readiness area and has significant command level interest. The objective is to produce accurate readiness measurements and initiate redistribution of excess to fill mission shortages. Computing EOH data is accomplished using the Unit Equipment Readiness List (UERL) produced from the automated PBUSE system. Due to the increased emphasis placed on MTOE authorizations; property book balances; and redistribution of excess, commanders will ensure UERLs are scrubbed with the supporting PBO prior to submission to higher headquarters. a. Unit Equipment Readiness Listing (1). An invalidated working copy of the UERL and battalion rollup, if applicable, will be posted to the PB Office share-drive folder within the first five working days of each month. The battalion rollup will list all MTOE Equipment Readiness Codes (ERC) of A, P, B, & C. To view the appropriate codes click the sub-folders at the bottom of the page. The ERC As and Ps are listed on one spreadsheet and Bs and Cs on another. The PBUSE system does not allow a separate report to be generated per each ERC. If the ERCs need to be further separated, it will have to be done manually. A validated copy, authenticated by signature of the PBO, will be posted to the share-drive folder by the twelfth day of each month. (2). The battalion S4s and separate unit commanders are to review the UERL to validate its accuracy and manually annotate proposed corrections. (3). The MTOE required amounts depicted on the UERL are to be used for EOH reporting. If errors are suspected, circle the questionable data and make notes as to why a required amount is suspect. (4). On-hand balances are derived directly from the property book, but quantities might have changed since the date of preparation. If it is perceived that a quantity is wrong, circle the data and mark the document number of the supply transaction (i.e., turn-in, receipt, transfer, etc) that effected the change. Also, obtain a copy of the supply document and attach it to the UERL. (5). If there is excess equipment within the organization that might be used in lieu of (ILO) a valid ERC A or P shortage, circle the item and adjust the on-hand quantity. Add a comment specifying what equipment is being used ILO (i.e., ―5 EA LIN# R59278 HEMMTs being used ILO‖). (6). Any other specific exclusions or adjustments to the UERL must be requested by the unit and authorized in writing by the G4. In such cases, make corrections and comments in pencil and attach copies of the appropriate documentation. (7). Once the UERL has been scrubbed at the unit level, see the supporting PB Office to reconcile changes. The PB Office will review proposed adjustments, process applicable documents, prepare and post any AARs for substitutions or un-substitutions, verify ―S‖ ratings, and make pen and ink changes on the original. 13. REQUISITIONING PROPERTY: The memorandum from the PBO assigning document series numbers for use in requesting the various classes of supplies is on the share-drive folder in the SOP folder. In order to requisition non-expendable property the equipment must be authorized by MTOE, TDA, CTA, or be on a valid shortage annex. Non-expendable property is the only type of property ordered through the PB Office. All other types of property, i.e. expendable and durable, are requisitioned at unit level. Units will obtain passwords in order to check the status of their requisitions by logging onto the Web Visual Logistics Information Processing System (WEBVLIPS) website at https://www.daas.dla.mil/webvlips. a. Funding (1). There are two types of funding for Army requisitions: Procurement Appropriated (PA) and Operation Maintenance, Army (OMA). To identify the type of funding look at the second position of the Material Category Code (MATCAT) on FEDLOG. If the second position is alphabetic, the item is PA funded; if numerical, it is OMA funded, (also called ―stock funded‖). (a) PA funded property comes from the Army’s operational budget and is not charged to the unit. The PB Office is responsible for ensuring that all PA funded organizational equipment authorized by the MTOE/TDA is either on-hand or on order. If a requisition is canceled the PB Office will re-order the item when possible. (b) OMA funded property comes from the unit’s operational budget and is withdrawn from unit funds. The PB Office will not automatically order OMA funded authorizations. These items will only be ordered through submission of a requisition from the unit. The requisition must contain the signature of the authorized budget officer as validation that unit funds are available to cover the purchase. b. Request for Standard Items (1). Commanders should verify that the PB Office has placed authorized PA funded equipment on order. The quantity due-in will be reflected on the commander’s hand receipt under the due-in quantity column. Authorized equipment not on order should be brought to the attention of the PB Office. (2). The unit is responsible for the submission of requests for authorized CTA items and non-expendable component shortages. Shortages need to be documented on shortage annexes at the PB Office prior to execution. (3). All requests for OMA equipment must be submitted to the PB Office on DA Form 2765-1 prepared IAW DA PAM 710-2-1. Ensue to annotate on the form ―component to LIN# (and enter the appropriate LIN#) if the request is for a component. c. Request for Non-Standard/Local Purchase Items (1). Requests for local purchase, by use of the Government Purchase Card (GPC), will be made IAW the Wiesbaden Contracting Center (WCC) SOP. It is the approving official’s (AO) responsibility to ensure that receipts for property book items are submitted to the PB Office for accountability. (a). The receipt document for property book items will be signed by an authorized representative; include full item description, make, model, serial number as applicable, and purchase price. Upon verification of required data, submit the receipt to the PB Office for posting. If a unit is unsure whether an item is accountable or not, contact the PB Office for clarification. (2). Purchase Request and Commitment (PR&C) (a) A PR&C, DA Form 3953, for non-expendable items must be submitted to the PB Office for a document number. A DD Form 1348-1A, with the commander’s signature, will be attached as authorization to process the request against the commander’s hand receipt. d. Request for Ammunition (1). A DA Form 581 will be used to request ammunition. Requests for operational and basic load ammunition must be routed through the Division Ammunition Office (DAO) to the PB Office for a document number prior to submission to the Ammunition Supply Point (ASP). (2). A copy of the completed DA Form 581 and issues slip from the ASP will be provided to the PB Office upon completion of the ammunition draw. 14. RECEIVING PROPERTY: Only authorized personnel will receipt for supplies. A ―receipt of supplies‖ inventory will be conducted IAW DA PAM 710-2-1 and any discrepancies reported to the issuing representative. a. Signature Card (1). Units must have Assumption of Command orders and a current signature card, DA Form 1687, on file at the PB Office identifying those personnel whom the commander authorizes to perform PB Office transactions. If a signature card is not on file, the commander will be the only person authorized to perform transactions with the PB Office. It is essential that only authorized personnel sign non-expendable transactions as any document received by the PB Office that does not contain an authorized signature will be returned to the unit without action. The preparation instructions for a signature card are contained in DA Pam 710-2-1. (2). In some instances a signature card from the PBO, and the PBO appointment orders, may be required for unit personnel to receive an issue. When this occurs the receiving unit will submit a signature card, listing the unit’s receiving representative, to the PB Office. The PBO will sign and return the signature card to the unit. The signature card will only be valid for a few days so plan the appointment accordingly. The PBO appointment orders are on the share-drive folder inside the SOP folder. b. Receipt Documents (1). Units are responsible for checking with the warehouse to determine if there are any items to be picked-up. Late pickups may result in the freezing of accounts. Individuals accepting an issue will print and sign their name and enter the date in the appropriate blocks. Serial numbered items will have the serial numbers legibly marked on the receipt document or attached on a separate page. After receiving equipment, units are required to provide the PB Office with a copy of the receipt document for all non-expendable items within three working days. A copy should be retained by the unit to validate proper posting to the hand receipt. The posting should appear on the following months hand receipt. If it does not, send another copy to the PB Office and follow-up. 15. PROPERTY MANAGEMENT: There are two basic categories of equipment the PB Office focuses on in order to manage property; excess equipment and equipment that is uneconomically repairable (unserviceable) or obsolete. In both cases units will maintain accountability until the PB Office has issued disposition instructions (directive) to L/T, turn-in, or otherwise dispose of the equipment. Under no circumstances will a unit L/T or turn-in a piece of non-expendable property without first obtaining proper authorization. The PB Office is required to request disposition instructions through the 200th Material Management Center (MMC) in order to cross level shortages with-in United States Army, Europe (USAREUR). a. Excess (1). Excess equipment is defined as any item on-hand that is not authorized or exceeds a unit’s current or projected authorization. Excess items will be L/T to fill shortages in another unit or be turned-in IAW the directive. b. Unserviceable/Obsolete (1). Equipment that has undergone a proper technical inspection (TI) and been condition coded as unserviceable/obsolete by qualified inspectors will be turned-in or otherwise disposed of IAW the directive. c. Lateral Transfers (1). Excess equipment is eligible for transfer unless it has been condition coded as unserviceable/obsolete (condition code H or P) by the appropriate maintenance facility and a turn-in packet has been submitted to the PB Office. (2). The PBO will issue L/T directives. When a L/T directive is published it will be distributed by the PB Office to the S4 and affected company commander. The Division Asset Visibility section maintains a spreadsheet, disposition tracker, on the share-drive folder depicting the status of turn-in and L/T directives. It is the losing unit’s responsibility to complete the L/T and provide a copy to the PB Office. The status of open directives is reported at the monthly LRR. (a) Units requiring retention of property directed to be L/T must submit a memorandum requesting cancellation with justification through their S4 to the PBO for consideration. Only mission-essential equipment will be considered for retention. (b) L/Ts must be accomplished at 10/20 standards unless the gaining unit agrees to different standards. It is the responsibility of the losing and gaining commands to arbitrate how the items are physically handed off and to resolve any disagreements on the maintenance condition of property. Sets, kits, and outfits (SKOs) and other non-rolling stock are to be complete with the majority (70%) of major components serviceable and on-hand. (c) When a L/T directive is received the losing unit will prepare a DA Form 3161 (with shortage annex as applicable), attach a copy of the PB Office directive (the directive number will be cited as the justification for the transfer), submit this packet to the PB Office for a suspense document number, and then execute the transfer. Make sure that the data listed on the L/T matches the data on the PB Office hand receipt. Preparation instructions for a L/T are contained in DA Pam 710-2-1, chapter 3, section III. During the performance of the transfer the losing unit must get a copy of the gaining unit commander’s assumption of command orders and a copy of the signature card validating that the receiving individual is authorized to perform PB Office transaction on behalf of the commander. Ensure that the receiver prints, signs, and dates block number 15 on the DA Form 3161 and that the gaining unit’s UIC is legibly entered in block 1. Without this data, the losing PB Office will not process the L/T and this equipment will stay on the losing units hand receipt until such actions have been accomplished. The losing unit must return a completed copy of the L/T with the assumption of command orders, signature card, and a copy of the directive to their supporting PB Office within three working days. d. Turn-Ins (1). Equipment must be listed on a valid unit hand receipt from the PB Office in order to receive support. All other non-expendable property must have accountability reestablished prior to receiving a document number for turn-in. No item appearing on a commander’s hand receipt will be turned-in without PB Office approval. (2). A turn-in packet is required for all items appearing on FEDLOG with a Reportable Inventory Control Code (RICC) code of 2 or A to get disposition instructions. The turn-in checklist, located on the share-drive folder inside the SOP folder, will be used to prepare the packet. Ensure all appropriate documentation included in the packet is correct or the packet will be rejected. (a) After approval for turn-in is obtained from the 200th MMC, the Division Asset Visibility section will prepare a turn-in directive. The directive will be attached to the unit’s turn-in packet and returned to the unit for execution of turn-in. Units must complete turn- in actions IAW the directive suspense date and submit completed copies to the PB Office within three working days. (b) The only requirement for turn-in of other items is the submission of a DD Form 1348-1A to the PB Office for assignment of a suspense document number. Turn-ins not requiring a directive will be completed within 60 days. (3). Completed turn-in documents submitted to the PB Office that are older than 90 days will be returned to the unit without action. The unit will need to initiate a new turn-in request if incomplete, get the receiving turn-in point to revalidate the document if complete, or initiate a FLIPLOSS. The unit should retain a copy of completed turn-in documents until verification of proper posting has been accomplished. The unit, in order to cancel a turn-in directive, will submit a written request to the PB Office substantiating why the property no longer meets conditions for turn-in. e. Found on Installation Property (1). Non-expendable FOI property, serviceable or unserviceable, must be secured and reported to the PB Office for research. If it is determined that the equipment is on another unit’s hand receipt, the PB Office will contact that unit and direct them to recover their property. If it is not on another unit’s hand receipt, and the finding unit has a valid requirement for the equipment, the PB Office will direct the finding organization to submit a FOI document, DA Form 2765-1, IAW DA PAM 710-2-1, paragraph 3-9, to established accountability. If the finding unit has no requirement for the piece of equipment they will be directed to initiate turn-in actions. CHAPTER 4, SECTION S: CSSAMO 1. The Army relies heavily on its STAMIS to accomplish its mission, especially in the sustainment arena. Leaders who manage these systems and those who operate them, must be aware of the resources available at their CSSAMO to maintain their STAMIS equipment, software, and assist their functional operators. The CSSAMO provides ―first line of defense‖ customer assistance for the Army’s STAMIS systems, including software, limited hardware and technical support. The CSSAMOs also play an essential role in distributing new STAMIS equipment and software upgrades to the field. 2. As the primary point of contact for all software issues, the CSSAMO maintains a historical library of all base, interim and system software change packages used by supported STAMIS systems. The CSSAMO ensures distribution of software packages to its customers and installation in an organized and timely manner. The CSSAMO personnel test and verify software packages and collect information from the field about suggested future improvements. 3. Most new STAMIS systems are covered for three to six years by contracted maintenance established during the procurement process. These contracted support activities usually provide hardware support within 24 hours of notification. If a repair cannot be made onsite, the contractor will provide a one-for-one swap for the STAMIS. The CSSAMO also maintains STAMIS "floats," with the quantity and type dependent upon the STAMIS density of each supported system. This allows the CSSAMO to cover any possible shortfalls on behalf of the contractor, minimize STAMIS downtime, and maximize operational readiness of the unit. The CSSAMO will also monitor contract support maintenance to ensure warranty compliance, as well as identify and anticipate any unusual trends in maintenance. 4. The CSSAMO may replace keyboards, mice, power supplies, peripherals and other internal components depending upon prearranged service agreements with direct support units. The CSSAMO must provide responsive technical and functional support to its customers. Technical and functional support covers all aspects of STAMIS operation to include the diagnosing and troubleshooting of software, hardware and communication interfaces. CSSAMO personnel must have an in-depth comprehension of the intricacies of each STAMIS system. CHAPTER 4, SECTION T: DOWNED AIRCRAFT RECOVERY TEAM (DART) OPERATIONS 1. PURPOSE: To identify the actions to accomplish a downed aircraft mission using a Downed Aircraft Recovery Team (DART). 2. REFERENCES: a. DD Form 1833 b. FM 55-413 3. DOWNED AIRCRAFT RECOVERY AND EVACUATION: A downed aircraft can occur at any time during training or combat missions. This situation can be caused by mechanical failure, weather factors, or pilot error. An aircraft recovery mission will be accomplished when the threat allows for safe return of the downed aircraft. If an aircraft or crew becomes isolated in enemy territory, it becomes a PR mission (see section J - PR Operations description). 4. GENERAL: a. Coordination for recovery of downed aircraft during combat operations is the primary responsibility of AVUM/AVIM units. These commanders organize a Downed Aircraft Recovery Team (DART) for each Mission, Type, Design, and Series (MTDS) aircraft required for the mission. The DART consists of personnel and equipment required conducting recovery in a safe and timely manner. b. The DART consists of a security force, aircraft recovery team, recovery Maintenance Test Pilot (Team OIC), and a designated recovery aircraft and crew. (1) The security force mission is to provide security, early warning, medical support, and communications for the DART. The security force should at a minimum consist of 8 total personnel: 1 NCOIC, 1 RTO, 1 Medic, and a 5-man security force. Units utilize supported commander or organic assets for the security force. The team will carry weapons and equipment as determined by METT-T, however, crew served weapons and NVGs should be used as a minimum The Ground/Task Force S3 is responsible for coordination and assembling the security force. (2) The recovery team mission is to provide either fly-out or aerial recovery for UH-60, and CH-47 aircraft. The composition of the recovery team depends on the MTDS and condition of the disabled aircraft. As a minimum the team consists of a Maintenance Pilot (MP), Technical Inspector (TI), crew chief (CE), and pilot for the MTDS of the downed aircraft. c. AVUM/AVIM commanders utilize either the fly-out or aerial recovery method for downed aircraft. The condition of the downed aircraft and METT-T determine the type of recovery, with the fly-out being the preferred method of recovery. To expedite the fly out method of recovery, two organic aircraft should be put on ―stand by‖ for the recovery team & security team to launch immediately. (1) The DART utilizes the fly-out method when on site repairs can be made. When repairs are complete the DART MP and PI ―one time fly‖ the aircraft under day, night or NVG VMC conditions to the FSB or ISB. (2) If on site repairs cannot be made the DART utilizes the U-MARK or specially modified sling recovery kit to recover the downed aircraft. The DART prepares the aircraft for recovery IAW applicable maintenance manuals. A DART recovery should be planned and briefed prior to mission execution. DART uniform and survival equipment is dependent on METT-T. The S3 coordinates required support equipment for the security force. Each AVUM/AVIM company commander is responsible for sufficient recovery equipment for organic aircraft. CHAPTER 4, SECTION U: FORWARD AREA REFUEL POINT (FARP) OPERATIONS 1. PURPOSE: To standardize FARP operations and cold refueling operations. 2. REFERENCES: a. AR 95-1 f. FM 57-38 b. FM 1-111 g. TM 1-1560-312-10 c. FM 10-67-1 h. TM 10-4320-351-14 d. FM 10-67-2 i. STANAG 3117 e. FM 21-60 3. CONCEPT: a. The POL platoon of the Battalion/Aviation Task Force (ATF) and the refuel platoon of F/159 operate forward and base FARPs as needed. b. The battalion S-3 positions forward FARPs based on METT-T. The HHC commander positions the base FARP in the vicinity of the battalion assembly area. The FARP is not usually within the assembly area. c. The base FARP is normally a 4-point operation with the last point spaced for CH-47’s. However, FARP size and number of points can be adjusted according to the mission requirements and METT-T. 4. RESPONSIBILITIES. a. S3. Overall responsibility for FARP operations and emplacement. Coordinates directly with the POL platoon leader to ensure that FARP positioning supports the tactical plan. Coordinates security personnel for FARP site. b. HHC Commander. Overall responsibility for support of the BN FARPs. Ensures that FARPs are resupplied as needed to support BN/ATF aircraft. c. S4. Maintains and reports status of all FARPs. Ensures that FARPs are included in the overall logistical plan. d. POL Platoon Leader. Responsible for operation and maintenance of all forward FARPs. Coordinates with the XO and S3 to ensure that FARPs are correctly positioned and resupplied as needed. e. POL NCOIC. Responsible for the accountability, maintenance, and employment of all FARP equipment. Responsible for assigning personnel to man the FARP. Assists the POL platoon leader in all aspects of FARP operations, and advises the commander and S-3 on FARP employment. f. Safety Officer. Ensures that the FARP is properly set up and safe to commence operations. The Safety Officer can be any officer familiar with the proper FARP operations. 5. ORGANIZATION: The following are the recommended minimum manning and equipment requirements: a. Forward FARPs should be organized as follows: PERSONNEL EQUIPMENT OIC/NCOIC 4 HEMTT FUEL 8 x 77F 2 HEMTT CGO 6 x 55B 1 5Ton w/Trailer 3 x 68J 1 FARE 6 x 68X 4 x 93C 1 TTCS b. The Base FARP should be organized as follows: PERSONNEL EQUIPMENT OIC/NCOIC 6 HEMTT FUEL 40 x 77F 2 5Ton w/Trailer 4 x 55B 2 FARE 4 x 93C 1 TTCS c. Contingency (2-point) FARPs should be organized as follows: PERSONNEL EQUIPMENT NCOIC 2 HEMTT FUEL 4 x 77F 1 FARE 4 x 93C 1 TTCS d. A medic or Combat Life Saver should be on site at all FARPs prior to refueling operations. FARP operation without either is considered a high-risk operation and requires Battalion or Task Force Commander approval. e. FARP Layout. (1) BASE FARP. Located near the Assembly Area, and used to upload, refuel, and ready aircraft prior to moving forward on the mission. Can consist of hot points, or cold HEMMT drive-up. Provides all class III support to the AA and all forward FARPs. (2) FORWARD FARP. Deployed forward to support combat operations. It is the primary fuel element for the current mission. It normally consists of four points, but can be adjusted to meet mission requirements. Designed to operate for a limited length of time, to meet a particular mission or operation (METT-T dependent). (3) JUMP FARP. Deployed forward on a mission dictated basis. Can operate as many or as few points as required by the mission. Requires significant lift support and planning, designed to sustain combat power close to FLOT by decreasing time between on-station and Refuel/Rearm. (4) The FARP may be configured in many different ways. Normally it will consist of 2-8 refuel points, unless otherwise directed (METT-T dependent). The following coded configurations may be applied to each of the above FARP ―types‖ (see FARP diagram, TAB B or C). (a) ALPHA - Unidirectional, with refuel/rearm on the same pads. (b) BRAVO - Bi-directional, with separate refuel/rearm. (c) CHARLIE - Bi-directional FARP, with refuel only. (d) DELTA - Drive through FARP (aircraft will park perpendicular to the refueling line, TAB B). (e) FOXTROT - Fly through FARP (aircraft park nose in, TAB C). (5) The FARP OIC/NCOIC will provide coded FARP designation to S-3 upon completion of METT-T analysis (example: 6AD140). FARP designation includes only those portions, which are applicable. 6 = total number of points in FARP A = FARP contains Rearm capability D = Aircraft will park perpendicular to the refueling line 140 = Primary Landing Direction in degrees (6) Use car names to designate FARPs and rename after each tactical move. Designate holding areas using the FARP name with a number (example: CHEVY1, CHEVY2, CHEVY3). (7) FARPs will be briefed from a standard sketch (TAB B or C). Center mass grid coordinates for FARPs and holding areas must be included in the sketch. FARP and holding area grids will also be transmitted to commanders prior to opening a FARP. 6. PLANNING FACTORS. a. FARP planners should use tree lines, vegetation, terrain folds and reverse slopes to the best advantage when planning location and layout. b. FARPs should not be co-located w/ TOC or unit trains, and should be at minimum of 3k from nearest assembly area. The following considerations will be addressed at a minimum: (1) Number/type of aircraft to be re-supplied. (2) Slopes and aircraft limitations. (3) Obstacle clearance for safe operations. (4) Inverted "Y" emplacement. (5) Distance to FLOT/FEBA greater than current enemy artillery range. (6) Ingress/Egress routes for ground/air covered in ADA envelope. (7) Sufficient Holding Areas (HA) established to safely control FARP traffic. Battalion S3 designates holding areas for each FARP based on mission requirements. Holding areas generally located 3-5 km away from FARP. (8) Minimum spacing requirement is 100ft (200 ft CH-47) for fly through FARP. In case of drive through FARP allow 100ft (150 ft CH-47). (9) POL personnel should try to avoid placing tents and other sensitive equipment in the approach and departure paths for the aircraft. c. External Planning Factors. (1) Engineer support to berm/dig in HEMTT fuelers and cargo. (Requested through BN S-3). (2) ADA Support. MANPAD systems collocated with FARP (if available). (3) S-3 will coordinate to establish Critical Fire Zone (CFZ) covering FARPs while they are active. (4) Squad/Section sized ground security assets (i.e. MP, Infantry) to provide additional perimeter security as needed. 7. WORK PRIORITIES. a. Security. (1) Advanced party personnel will establish 360-degree security and maintain it throughout FARP operations. (2) Crew served weapons are the site's primary line of defense. (3) At a minimum security personnel will establish and maintain LP/OP for early warning. (4) Stealth of maneuver, proper camouflage techniques, minimal length of operations, and radio listening silence are the primary means of defense. Weaponry is to be solely used to save personnel, POL assets or to facilitate egress. (5) A hasty egress plan must be briefed and rehearsed by all personnel prior to FARP emplacement. b. Communications. (1) At a minimum, established with OE254 and available system, the preferred method would be by ATS augmentation with a Tactical Terminal Control System (TTCS). Maintaining 2-way communication with TOC is mandatory. (2) The POL Plt Ldr must have SINCGARS capability as a minimum. (3) Each FARP established will maintain an OE-254 antenna and two manpack SINCGARS radios as a minimum communications requirement. (4) Radio traffic will be limited to the following: (a) Request resupply. (b) Site under attack. (c) FARP not operational on time. (d) Anything critical to the safety of the operation. (e) Report a serious incident (i.e. fire in the FARP site) to higher HQ. (5) Outbound aircraft can relay critical messages to the TOC for FARP personnel to avoid enemy detection and location of the FARP. c. Set-up. Standard time to employ a 4 point FARP with 5 trained soldiers is 30 minutes. d. Camouflage. Prevent detection from AIR/GROUND threat. 8. GENERAL GUIDELINES: Use the following guidelines to ensure continuity regardless of configuration being used. Individual guidelines for configurations are discussed in enclosures to this Appendix. a. Maintain a copy of this Appendix at the FARP site. b. Establish a landing area and mark it with an inverted ―Y‖ using VS-17 panels (day) and chem-lights or beanbag lights (night). c. Establish a takeoff area if required and mark it with a box using VS-17 panels and chem-lights or beanbag lights. d. Establish and clearly mark a marshalling area when passengers are to disembark aircraft for refuel operations. e. Establish emergency rally points and aircraft egress/emergency reposition area. f. Place grounding rods and cables at each refuel point and tankers. g. Place a 20-pound fire extinguisher with current inspection tag at each refuel point and each tanker. h. Place a drip pan, 5-Gallon water jug, 5-gallon waste fuel can and extra refuel nozzles at each refuel spot. i. Check all connections for leaks under pressure prior to FARP certification. j. Complete FARP certification checks using checklist (TAB A) prior to receiving aircraft arrival. k. When refueling AH-64 aircraft, the FARP personnel should have communication headsets specifically designed for the AH-64. This enables safe communication between the POL handlers and the AH-64 pilots. 9. AIRCRAFT PROCEDURES: a. SAFETY FIRST in FARPs. b. Take all instructions and advisories from ATC when available. c. Traffic patterns in the vicinity of the FARP will be counter-clockwise unless otherwise briefed. d. The first company into the FARP will proceed direct to the FARP from the IP unless otherwise briefed. e. Subsequent units will enter traffic from the IP and fly to their respective holding areas to await sequencing into the FARP. f. If sufficient points are operational, flights will arrive and depart the FARP as a flight. Otherwise, overflow aircraft will land to the ―Y‖ and wait for an open refueling point in order to maintain flight integrity. Aircraft completed refueling will depart the FARP to make room for the aircraft holding at the ―Y.‖ The flights will regain flight integrity at their designated holding area if necessary. g. Once refueling is complete, aircraft will depart the FARP to the RP, proceed via the FARP traffic pattern to the company IP (or ACP), and then to their respective HA. h. Units moving from the HA to the FARP will depart their HA, enter FARP traffic, move to the IP, then land to the FARP. Units will not proceed direct from their HA to the FARP unless briefed in the OPORD. i. Aircraft must monitor FARP common traffic frequency as briefed. Radio listening silence should be in effect at all FARPs from the IP inbound. Emergency transmission and command directives only. j. Upon reaching IP, aircraft transition to and maintain terrain flight through FARP traffic. Aircraft plan their approach to the "Y", but must be prepared to land directly to the pad if appropriate. Hovering and ground taxiing should be minimized. Depart up and out, using altitude over airspeed takeoff for dust existing conditions. This reduces dust signature and preserves FARP assets. Avoid low altitude overflight of FARP personnel, their equipment, and especially tentage if possible. k. All aircraft will take empty refuel points from left to right or as briefed. l. CH-47’s will land only to pads that have been briefed as CH-47 capable. If pads have not been configured for CH-47 spacing then aircraft must skip refueling points to allow for proper rotor clearances. m. Point #1 is always the point furthest to the left from the pilots perspective facing the refueling point. Points are always numbered left to right regardless of tanker location. n. Ground Guides will not normally be used in FARPs. o. No personnel will approach A/C until weapon systems are off or on safe, #2 engine is off (for AH-64s), anti-collision lights are off, and positive communication has been established (i.e. a thumbs-up is rendered by the pilot or crew chief, or ICS commo is established between an aircrew member and the pad chief). p. With the exception of internal extended range fuel tanks that can be close circuit refueled (i.e. CH-47 ERFS II, UH-60 Robertson tanks); UH-60 external ERFS tanks will not be hot refueled. 10. SAFETY. a. Night/ NVG Considerations (NOTE: DO NOT use green or blue lighting to mark landing or refueling points): (1) Inverted "Y" must be marked with red, yellow or IR chemlights or beanbag lights. (2) Pads will be marked by using the grounding rod. At night, the grounding rod will be marked with a red chemlight or beanbag light. The grounding rod will be placed so that a UH-60, with its left wheel at the grounding rod, will be in the correct location for refueling. Other aircraft will keep the grounding rod on their left side as well, but not necessarily at the wheel. There will be no markings at the nose of the aircraft. b. Emergency Procedures: Emergency procedures are similar for all configurations. Emergency hand and light signals are IAW FM 21-60 and this SOP. General procedures are as follows: (1) Aircraft depart directly to front, DO NOT ENTER CCW traffic until confirmed A/C deconfliction. Pilots are responsible to see and avoid other aircraft. (2) Primary consideration during fire is evacuation of the crew members. (3) Priority of use for fire extinguishers is personnel evacuation. (4) Pilots perform immediate emergency shutdown if applicable. (5) Fire in FARP: (a) Stop refueling at all points. (b) Turn off all pumps. (c) Close all valves if possible (d) Evacuate personnel from the area. (e) Evacuate aircraft from the area. (f) Fire - Extinguish as possible, with particular emphasis on protection of personnel. (6) Fire on receiving aircraft: (a) Stop refueling at all points. (b) Turn off all pumps. (c) Close all valves if possible. (d) Pilots on mishap aircraft execute emergency engine shutdown if possible. (e) Evacuate personnel from mishap aircraft. (f) Evacuate all other personnel from the area. (g) Evacuate all other aircraft from the area. (h) Fire - Extinguish as possible, with particular emphasis on protection of personnel. (7) Fuel leak: (a) Stop refueling at affected point. (b) Turn off all pumps. (c) Turn off valves as required to isolate leak. (d) Repair leak, as possible (e) Start pumps and open valves to check for leaks. (f) Refuel operations – Continue as possible. (g) Personnel - Clear from area as necessary. (8) Attack: (a) Stop refueling. (b) Receiving aircraft – Evacuate if possible, destroy or abandon if not possible. (c) Tanker – Disconnect and evacuate if possible, destroy or abandon if not possible. c. Go arounds will be IAW FARP traffic; a safety call is at the discretion of the pilot. d. Aviation Fuel/Equipment Standards. (1) Perform fuel sampling of supply tanks within 24 hours of dispensing fuel. Aqua Glow readings must be lower than 5PPM before refueling operations commence. (2) Perform re-circulation operation on supply tanks when fuel has not been re- circulated within 24 hours. (3) All Filtered Fuel must have a positive result effectiveness test prior to refueling. (4) All D1, CCR and Open Port nozzles be inspected as part of FARP certification. Defective nozzles can cause de-coupling under pressure. Fuel can easily cover aircraft and personnel during hot refuel operations. (5) Personnel will comply with FM 10-67-1 and FM 1-111 for required protective clothing during any refueling operation. 11. COLD REFUELING OPERATIONS. a. Responsibilities: (1) POL platoon leader: provide assets required to provide timely cold refuel capability within the TAA. (2) S-3 will notify the POL platoon leader of peak mission periods during which additional cold refuel capability may be required. (3) Flight Operations: relay fuel requests to the cold refuel crew. (4) Cold refuel crew(s): Check in with flight operations in person or by landline. Maintain REDCON 3 during duty period. Respond to calls for fuel in a timely fashion. (5) Fuel users. Do not abuse delivered cold gas capability. If the asset requiring fuel is easily towed or self-propelled, the first option exercised should be the fuel point. If the asset is an aircraft, AGPU, SCAMP, or is a mission essential item, the movement of which would severely impact ongoing operations, delivered fuel is appropriate. (6) Ground equipment operators. Be present to receive fuel. (7) Aircrews. Refuel (hot or cold) should be done at the end of the mission day to preclude adverse impact on subsequent missions. Be present during refuel operations, unless situation does not permit. b. Priorities of refuel. Should there be several requirements for cold fuel simultaneously; the priority of refuel is as follows: Priority Description of Situation Order of prioritization 1 Aircraft requires fuel to MEDEVAC, AH-64, UH- continue a support mission 60, CH- 47 2 Aircraft preparing to begin MEDEVAC, AH-64, UH- a support missions 60, CH- 47 3 Aircraft returning from MEDEVAC, AH-64, CH- missions 47, UH- 60 4 Aircraft with maintenance checks in progress 5 Maintenance equipment AGPU, SCAMP 6 Other mission essential ground equipment 7 Aircraft requiring fuel for training flights c. Procedures: (1) Aircrew/operator requiring cold refuel will contact flight operations by radio or landline. Request should include the following: (a) The requirement for fuel. (b) Location of asset requiring fuel (A company parking, D company area, etc.). (c) Priority code (from table above). (d) Time fuel will be required (optional). (e) Approximate amount of fuel required (for multi-ship aircraft operations, 1 aircraft will call for the flight) in gallons. (2) Flight operations will contact the standby refuel crew with information from request. (3) Refuel crew will proceed to location as stated in request. (4) If the aircraft has landed and shut down before the cold refuel crew has arrived, the crewchief will place a 2-foot length of engineer tape inside the fuel port flap, so the tape hangs outside the port flap. This will aid the refuel crew in identifying the requiring aircraft. (5) A crewmember should remain with the aircraft until the cold refuel crew arrives. CH-47s will not be refueled without a crewmember present. UH-60 may be refueled without a crewmember present. No ground equipment will be refueled without an operator present. (6) Once an asset is refueled, the refueler will tell the crewmember/operator the quantity of fuel delivered. If there is no crewmember present, the refueler will place a 3 x 5 index card with the date and fuel quantity inside the fuel port. The refueler will then coil the engineer tape and stow it inside the fuel port door, so it is not exposed. (7) The cold refuel crew will contact flight operations periodically to determine if there are additional refuel missions pending. The cold refuel crew will also check in with flight operations when they have completed their tasks. CHAPTER 4, SECTION V: CHINOOK FORWARD AREA REFUEL EQUIPMENT (C-FARE) OPERATIONS 1. PURPOSE: Establish policies and procedures governing Chinook Forward Area Refuel Equipment (C-FARE), CH-47D tanker aircraft operations and associated crew duties. 2. REFERENCES: a. AR 95-1 f. FM 57-38 b. FM 1-111 g. TM 1-1560-312-10 c. FM 10-67-1 h. TM 10-4320-351-14 d. FM 10-67-2 i. TM 55-1520-240-10 e. FM 21-60 3. RESPONSIBILITIES: a. The Standardization and Petroleum Oil Lubricants (POL) sections train flight crewmembers and refuel personnel in the proper tactical employment of the C-FARE system. They conduct evaluations to ensure that C-FARE operations are performed IAW this SOP. b. Operations section coordinates for training assets in support of refuel operations. Notifies POL and aircrew of mission requirements to include gallons of fuel, number of aircraft/vehicles to be refueled, number of refuel points and tanker aircraft requested, location, time and all other pertinent information at least 48 hours prior to C-FARE mission launch. Ensures appointment of an AMC for multi-ship C-FARE operations. c. POL section personnel ensure that all personnel and equipment requirements for refueling operations comply with FM 10-67-1, FM 10-67-2 and SOP. Complete inspection, inventory, securing, and servicing of all required equipment no later than 2 hours prior to scheduled mission launch. Maintain serviceability and accountability of Advanced Aviation Forward Area Refuel System (AAFARS). Provide storage of AAFARS when not in use. Provide all equipment necessary to deter or control environmental impact on the FARP site. The Non- Commissioned Officer in Charge (NCOIC) assists the Pilot in Command (PC) or Air Mission Commander (AMC) to conduct the FARP safety and certification inspection. d. S-2 and S-3 provide information to aircrews and request security team tasking through appropriate channels. Coordinates mission requests for C-FARE support to ensure appropriateness to real world mission scenarios. Coordinates permission to use Forward Arming and Refuel Point (FARP) Landing Zone (LZ). e. The AMC/PC has overall responsibility to ensure all assets are capable of completing the mission. Ensure crewmembers and POL personnel have been qualified to perform the operation and are current. Conducts FARP safety and certification inspection with POL NCOIC prior to beginning FARP operations. f. Non-rated crewmembers (NCM) assist POL section with installation, security, servicing, emplacement, operation, and tear down of the C-FARE system. Maintain serviceability and accountability of Robertson Extended Range Fuel System II (ERFS II) and C- FARE. Provide storage of ERFS II when not in use. g. Supported units provide information to the Operations section about mission time lines, aircraft/vehicle type, and number to be refueled. They request the type of FARP to be used and process their request through Operations. They either specify a location or receive the FARP location from the supporting unit. 4. QUALIFICATION EVALUATION AND CURRENCY: An SP or IP completes qualification training for rated crewmembers. An SP/IP/UT/SI or FI completes qualification training for non- rated crewmembers and assists POL in C-FARE training. Training includes familiarization with all portions of the mission and when possible actual utilization of the system. Evaluations are performed IAW the appropriate Aircrew Training Manual (ATM), this SOP and unit training programs by a C-FARE qualified SP/IP/SI or FI. All personnel will review this SOP prior to mission conduct. 5. AIRCRAFT DELIVERY: Aircraft delivery of C-FARE is primarily accomplished using the ERFS II Fuel pods and ERFS II Micro-FARE system. This system can be setup and operational within 15 minutes of landing under day, night or NVG conditions. Tear down and cleanup times vary for each system. Tear down takes up to 30 minutes with hose evacuation at 120 gpm. a. The system utilizes the Robertson ERFS II fuel tanks and hoses. Providing up to 2400 gallons of fuel from 1-3 crashworthy, ballistic resistant, 800-gallon tanks. The FARE kit provides ―Dry-lock‖ hoses for up to 2 refuel points with fuel nozzles to accommodate all aircraft and vehicles in the U.S. Army inventory. b. The ERFS II system includes a 120-gallon per minute (GPM) electric pump. The maximum number of 2 refuel points per CH-47D maintains sufficient fuel pressure at the dispenser nozzle. TAB A details setup of this configuration. 6. PRE-MISSION PLANNING: The hazardous nature of this mission requires extensive pre- mission planning. All possible information about the FARP site should be part of pre-mission planning. Include FARP type utilized, receiving aircraft type and quantity, FARP size and surface type and thorough analysis of METT-T. Aircraft performance and endurance planning must be completed and monitored throughout the mission. It is crucial that all participants, including supported units, be familiar with mission details, C-FARE operations, and C-FARE SOP. A ―face to face‖ briefing and ―walk through‖ should be completed with as many mission participants as possible to resolve questions and issues. 7. WEIGHT AND BALANCE: Weight and balance considerations as well as aircraft performance are of utmost importance. The following information is provided for reference only. The appropriate TM or FM should be referenced for current information to ensure accuracy. Additional items pertaining to individual missions and configurations must be considered and added. WEIGHT STATION MOMENT/10 ITEM (Pounds) (Inches) 00 ERFS II (Tank #1) with all associated equipment and 774 248.7 192.5 unusable fuel ERFS II (Tank #2) with all associated equipment and 757 304.6 248.5 unusable fuel ERFS II (Tank #3) with all associated equipment and 757 408.1 309.0 unusable fuel ERFS II Range Extension Hoses 42 373.8 15.7 and Equipment ERFS II FARE Kit 592 464.0 274.7 AAFARS Pump Module 336 550.0 1864.8 8. FARP TYPES: FARP types vary to accommodate different quantities and types of aircraft. There are two primary types of FARP setups. They are categorized as ―fly through‖ and ―nose in.‖ a. ―Fly through‖ FARP’s place the receiver aircraft perpendicular to the refuel line and the tanker aircraft. This expedites operations by producing a single direction of aircraft flow through the FARP. Receiver aircraft land to an inverted ―Y‖ and then taxi to the refuel point, lining up nose to tail in the refuel line. Upon refuel completion, the aircraft maintain flight direction and taxi to a takeoff or holding area. This type of FARP should be used for large numbers of same type aircraft and when multiple delivery aircraft are required. Varying the type of receiving aircraft through this FARP poses a challenge due to dissimilar aircraft refuel port locations. Address this challenge during pre-mission planning to determine aircraft flow direction through the FARP. When multiple tanker aircraft are used, refuel point quantities are only limited by equipment availability and FARP LZ size. b. ―Nose in‖ FARP’s place the receiver aircraft parallel to the refuel line, directly behind and facing the tanker aircraft. This is a hasty FARP, reducing the amount of time receiving aircraft are in the FARP because aircraft refuel and leave. Receiver aircraft land directly to a refuel point, lining up side by side in the refuel line. Upon refuel completion, the aircraft side step from the refuel point and takeoff in the same direction they landed. This type of FARP may be used when small teams of aircraft are to be refueled, when FARP site space is limited and when receiving aircraft need not wait on other aircraft. The ―nose in‖ FARP eliminates the problem of different type aircraft. The receiving aircraft can land on either side of the refuel point as necessary. Mixing of aircraft types in a flight is not advisable with a ―nose in‖ FARP. If mixing of aircraft types is unavoidable and this type of FARP is required, great care must be taken that minimum distances between aircraft are maintained. The ―nose in‖ FARP only provides up to 2 refuel points in any one FARP due to aircraft flow. It should not be utilized in dust or snow environments due to increased threat of white or brown out and close proximity to tanker aircraft. 9. SITE SELECTION: Site selection is the second most important part of premission planning. Whenever possible, complete reconnaissance of the site should be accomplished. FARP sites must meet the following as a minimum: a. Allow tanker and receiver aircraft space to operate safely. b. Allow tanker and receiver aircraft obstacle clearance. c. Provide room for landing and takeoff areas if a ―fly through‖ FARP is utilized. d. Allow for unidirectional aircraft flow through the FARP if "fly through" is utilized. e. Allow for side stepping of at least 100 feet to either side of tanker aircraft if "nose in" is utilized. f. Allow for an aircraft holding area if needed. g. Allow a minimum distance of 150 feet between refuel spots. h. Allow a minimum of 100 feet between rotor hubs of receiving aircraft when "fly through" is utilized. (140 feet nose to tail for CH-47D) i. Allow a minimum of 100 feet between rotor hubs (centerline) of receiving aircraft when "nose in" is utilized. (180 feet for CH-47D) j. Allow proper spacing of multiple tanker aircraft to maintain 150 feet between refuel spots. k. Allow sufficient cover for security teams to operate. l. Afford receiver aircraft options for landing and takeoff into the wind. 10. GENERAL GUIDELINES: Use the following guidelines to ensure continuity regardless of configuration being used. Individual guidelines for configurations are discussed in Tabs to this SOP. a. Perform fuel sampling of supply tanks within 24 hours of dispensing fuel. b. Perform re-circulation operation on supply tanks when fuel has not been re-circulated within 24 hours. NOTE: This is not required if fuel has been re-circulated in fuel truck within 24 hours of fuel dispensing at FARP. c. Maintain a copy of this SOP at the FARP site. d. Take sufficient care to eliminate possible rotor wash damage to tanker aircraft. e. Establish a landing area and mark it with an inverted ―Y‖ using VS-17 panels and chem-lights or beanbag lights. f. Establish a takeoff area and mark it with a box using VS-17 panels and chem-lights or beanbag lights. g. Establish a marshalling area when passengers are to disembark aircraft for refuel operations. h. Establish emergency rally points and aircraft egress/emergency reposition area. i. Place grounding rods and cables at each refuel point and tanker aircraft cargo ramp. j. Place Chem-lights or beanbag lights at refuel points for night and NVG operations. k. Place a 20-pound fire extinguisher with current inspection tag at each refuel point and at the tanker aircraft cargo ramp. l. Place a drip pan, 5-Gallon water jug, 5-gallon waste fuel can and extra refuel nozzles at each refuel spot. m. Post security as necessary immediately after landing of tanker aircraft. n. Check all connections for leaks under pressure prior to FARP certification. o. Complete FARP certification checks prior to receiver aircraft arrival. 11. MISSION CREW RESPONSIBILITIES: Each crewmember must be familiar with their responsibilities to safely accomplish C-FARE. a. PC/AMC: The officer in charge of the refuel operation. The PC/AMC is positioned as tactically sound to afford rapid evacuation of the delivery aircraft. Monitors radios as necessary. Acts as FARP safety officer during operations and assists POL NCOIC in FARP certification completion IAW TAB B. b. PI: The officer monitoring refuel operations. Assist FE/CE and POL personnel as needed during refuel operations. Monitors aircraft flow through the FARP and advises the PC/AMC. c. FE/CE: Operate the ERFS II system. During aircraft shutdown, the CE assists POL personnel in FARP setup while the FE performs aircraft shutdown. After shutdown, the FE and CE divide duties. Position one NCM in the cabin to monitor tank levels and operate fuel tank vent valves. Position the other NCM at the cargo ramp to operate the pump and monitor refuel operations. The NCM at the cargo ramp maintains constant visual contact with the refuel points and shuts off ERFS II system during emergencies. Both NCM assist in teardown of the FARP upon operation completion and ensure security of equipment. d. POL: Setup FARP and refuel aircraft. Responsible for proper setup of refuel points and their safe operation. Assist in FARP certification checks, guide aircraft into refuel points, and perform refuel operations. Assist in teardown of the FARP upon operation completion ensuring accountability of all equipment. 12. NORMAL PROCEDURES: All C-FARE operations follow the same basic sequence of events as described below. a. Tanker aircraft arrives at FARP site. b. Security is posted as necessary. c. PC, PI and FE shutdown aircraft. POL personnel and CE begin FARP setup. d. FARP setup is completed. e. Landing, takeoff and marshalling areas are setup. f. Personnel are positioned for refuel operations. g. System is operated and checked for leaks. h. FARP certification checks are completed. i. Receiving aircraft arrive and refuel operations commence. j. Operations are completed and receiving aircraft depart. k. FARP teardown is completed. Equipment is accounted for, hoses evacuated and equipment secured. l. Delivery aircraft departs. 13. EMERGENCY PROCEDURES: Emergency procedures are similar for all configurations. Emergency hand and light signals must be established and trained in unit training programs. General procedures are as follows. a. Fire in FARP: (1) Refuel operations – Cease all, pump off. (2) Fuel hoses - Disconnect at all points. (3) Receiver aircraft - Reposition. (4) Tanker aircraft – Disconnect and reposition as appropriate. (5) Fire - Extinguish as possible. (6) Personnel - Clear from area. b. Fire on receiving aircraft: (1) Refuel operations – Cease all, pump off. (2) Fuel hoses - Disconnect at all points. (3) Aircraft on FIRE – Emergency shutdown and egress. (4) Receiver aircraft - Reposition. (5) Tanker aircraft – Disconnect and reposition as appropriate. (6) Fire - Extinguish as possible. (7) Personnel - Clear from area. c. Fire on tanker aircraft: (1) Refuel operations – Cease all, pump off. (2) Fuel hoses - Disconnect at all points. (3) Receiver aircraft - Reposition. (4) Tanker aircraft – Emergency shutdown and egress, disconnect. (5) Fire - Extinguish as possible. (6) Personnel - Clear from area, refuel team to emergency rally point. d. Fuel leak: (1) Refuel operations – Cease at affected point, pump off as necessary. (2) Fuel hoses - Disconnect at affected point. (3) Fuel valves – Off as necessary. (4) Aircraft (all) - Reposition as necessary. (5) Leak – Repair as possible. (6) Refuel operations – Continue as possible. (7) Personnel - Clear from area as necessary. e. Attack: (1) Refuel operations – Cease, pump off. (2) Receiver aircraft – Evacuate if possible; destroy or abandon if not possible. (3) Tanker aircraft – Disconnect and evacuate if possible; destroy or abandon if not possible. 14. FUEL RE-CIRCULATION: Procedures for purging and re-circulating fuel with the ERFS II are explained below. a. Install, inspect, service and sample ERFS II – FARE system IAW TM 1-1560-312-10. b. Connect equipment to FARE pump being utilized for C-FARE mission. (1) Lay hoses in series around aircraft and back in through cabin door. (2) Install filter separator in series of hoses. (3) Install FARE filters during purge to ensure good purge of filters. (If using ERFS II) (4) Connect gravity fill nozzle to end of hose. c. Operate system while holding nozzle into waste fuel container. (1) Check for leaks at all connections and replace gaskets as needed. (2) Operate system until clear fuel comes from hose. d. Perform Aqua-glow test. (1) If good, maximum 10 parts per million, secure equipment. (2) If bad, continue with re-circulation as described in steps e, f, and g below. e. Open gravity port cap of FARE supply tank. f. Run FARE pump for 10 minutes, circulating fuel back into supply tank through gravity port. Each supply tank is done separately. g. Perform Aqua-glow test. (1) If good, clear hoses and secure system. (2) If bad, repeat steps e and f above. (3) If bad after 2nd re-circulation, fuel sample must be submitted by POL. Fuel will not be used for C-FARE.
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