Types of speeches & OUTLINE Outline for 1st major speech – informative 2 – 5 min. due Thurs. Speech - Monday Reminder – field trip - $8 + parent note + excused form due Thurs., Sept. 18th IMPROMPTU SPEECH • GIVEN ON THE SPUR OF THE MOMENT. You do not have time to prepare it before you deliver it. MEMORIZED SPEECH • Begin with a coherent outline; then write the speech from the outline. The speech is committed to memory. • Unless a lot of time is taken to memorize the speech, this can put a great deal of pressure on the speaker. • This is a bad beginning or a speech student MANUSCRIPT SPEECH • Written out on paper and read from the paper • Value – can be timed. Also if you have to be very careful of your wording • A speech read in a dull, lifeless manner is worse than no speech at all • Preparation of manuscript – Large font – double or triple space – Always practice from the same manuscript – memory – Do not staple the pages together EXTEMPORANEOUS SPEECH • Most often used & the one emphasized in this class • The speech is well planned • Speaker makes notes & arranged them in a logical, coherent manner. He/she makes a complete outline & delivers it from the outline. • An extemporaneous speaker gets his opening & closing remarks firmly in mind, but he does not memorize this speech. Extemporaneous continued • An extemporaneous speaker should know his outline very thoroughly. He should have complete mastery of his main ideas. • Some speakers will use notecards – not in this class. • Key to success – YOU HAVE TO THINK WHILE YOU SPEAK Rehearse many times – aloud & standing up OUTLINE • YOU NEED A TITLE – Catchy – Gives indication of topic – Do not underline or “ “ your own title OUTLINE • Introduction • (1) Attention-getting statement - gain the attention of the audience by using a quotation, telling a brief story or humorous anecdote, asking a question, etc. • (2) Purpose statement - state the specific purpose of your presentation here. • Preview statement - overview of all of your main points. Write out your main ideas as they appear in the body of the speech (may vary wording when you speak) Transition sentence – write this out OUTLINE • Body – I. First main point • A. Subpoint – 1. Sub-subpoint – 2. Sub-subpoint • B. Subpoint – 1. Sub-subpoint – 2. Sub-subpoint – 3. Sub-subpoint Transition sentence – write this out OUTLINE • II. Second main point – A. Subpoint • 1. Sub-subpoint • 2. Sub-subpoint – B. Subpoint • 1. Sub-subpoint • 2. Sub-subpoint • 3. Sub-subpoint – C. Subpoint Transition sentence – write this out OUTLINE • The number of main points, subpoints and sub- subpoints you use will vary depending on how much information you have to convey and how much detail and supporting material you need to use. Subpoints and sub-subpoints are comprised of the supporting material you gather in your research. • You should rarely have more than five main points in any presentation. OUTLINE • Conclusion – I. Summary statement - review all of your main points. – II. Concluding statement - prepare a closing statement that ends your presentation smoothly. (For closure – refer back to attention-getting statement in intro. 6 steps in preparation • 1) determine your general purpose or the general reaction you want from your audience – To inform – To persuade – to influence your audience’s beliefs & actions – To entertain 6 steps in preparation • 2) Analyze your audience & occasion – Age, sex, interest, and attitudes of your audience – Occasion – serious, informal, dignified – suit your speech to it. 6 steps • 3) Select & NARROW your topic – You decide your specific purpose • To determine your choice: – Topic – you should know something about the topic & be interested in it. – Select a topic you can discuss in the time given – DO NOT CHOOSE TOO BROAD A TOPIC » Example – cannot discuss animals in a 3 -4 min. speech. » Dogs – still too broad » Other topics » how to bathe a dog properly » teaching a dog 3 basic commands » training your dog to hunt » grooming of house dogs 6 steps • 4) Gather material – Look at your prior knowledge – Observe – Converse with authorities – Research • Library • Internet – be careful – Try to avoid .com sites (anyone – idiot - can put up a commercial site– use .org (organization like www.redcross.org) or .edu (educational institution – Or .gov (government) 6 steps • 5) Outline the speech – Arrange your ideas in the order you fel is best to suit your specific speech purpose & audience • 6) Practice aloud & standing up – Begin with your outline in had & stand in front of a mirror, preferably a full length mirror. – Then put your outline aside & present your speech – One you feel more sure of your speech, concentrate on addition aspects • Gestures • Clear enunciation of words & speaking slowly enough – can use a tape recorder – Give your speech to someone in your family & get his/her response LEST WE FORGET 9/11 • On Monday, September 10th, 2001, there were people fighting against praying in school. • On Tuesday, September 11th, you would have been hard pressed to find a school where someone was not praying. • On Monday, there were people trying to separate each other by race, sex, color and creed. • On Tuesday, they were holding hands. • On Monday we thought we were secure. • On Tuesday we learned better. • On Monday we were talking about heroes as being athletes. • On Tuesday we re-learned what hero really meant. • On Monday people went to work at the World Trade Center and the Pentagon as usual. • On Tuesday they were no more. • On Monday people were upset that their dry cleaning was not ready on time. • On Tuesday they lined up to give blood for the dying • On Monday politicians argued about budget surpluses. • On Tuesday, grief stricken, they sang, "God Bless America". • On Monday some children had families intact. • On Tuesday they were orphans.
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