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									GIS Broadband Assessment

Report to ATIC Public Meeting

     February 19th 2009

Long Standing Policy Goal

   1. Governor’s GCIT/CIAC Recommendations
      - 2005
   2. Arizona Broadband Initiative Framework
      (ABIF) - 2006
   3. Part of the ABC Initiative - 2007
   4. Recommended Legislative Agenda
      E-Rate/ABDA for 2008-09

Survey – Purpose & Process
    Purpose – Identify at a granular level, Gaps or Deficiencies in
       Arizona’s Broadband Infrastructure, Project Future Needs.
    Process – Broadband GIS Survey using base geographic areas like
       Census Block, School District Areas, Zip Code

    • GITA will administer and manage the Survey in Cooperation with other
       agencies and ATIC.
        - Activities will include:
           1. Write a Scope of Work – Completed Dec 2008
           2. Contract for the necessary elements in mapping
               process, including interns, consultants - Pending
           3. Assist in data acquisition from State agencies, political
               subdivisions, school districts, Licensed data sources, telecom providers
               and Surveying - Pending
           4. Coordinate the distribution of interim and final reports. - Pending
    • Uses of Survey include:
                 - State Agency Broadband Deployment,
                 - Broadband Policy support re: ABC Initiative & Middle Mile Build-out
                 - Economic Development support
Survey Phase1
   $50K Grant from Board of Regents
   Contracted with Data Site Consortium (State
    - Proposal in March
    - Work begun in in April.
   Phase1 Goals
    - Identify Framework & Scope for Overall Survey
    - Identify GIS Data Sources within State Agencies and
       other government entities (public info)
    - Identify processes and practices of other States

Current Understanding of State Infrastructure

    Middle Mile Issues:
    Stranded single runs and lack of
    Lack of redundant paths which
    devastates whole regions when
    outages occur.
    Lack of Interconnection between
    areas of Telco owned Fiber
    Last Mile Issues:
    High Cost differentials between
    Rural and Urban areas (Distance
    charges - some as high as $1,500
    per month for T-1)
    Uneven distribution of Broadband
    Availability - Estimates as high as
    250,000 homes and businesses
    without any connection or an
    affordable connection
    (Government services also

Another View - Cable Industry Maps re:
Broadband Availability

                                                •Cable Broadband Is
                                                Available to 96.6% of
                                                all Arizona Homes

                                                                              Growth in Cable Broadband Availability


                          Total Homes Passed
                                               2400000                                    2518236
                                               1800000                                                             Homes Passed with Cable
                                               1500000                                                             Access
                                               1200000                                                             Homes Passed without Ca
                                                900000                                                             Access
                                                                          180091                           65328
                                                                   2005                             2007

Phase1 Recommendations - Project Approaches
         Await Federal Broadband Assessment Initiatives:
         There is a general consensus as to the absence of useful national and regional broadband status
         and infrastructure data from the Federal Communications Commission (FCC).
          Senate Bill 1492 recently signed into law but unfunded – Likely several years before usable
         broadband deployment data. Can we wait for these improved FCC data sourcing and analysis
         tools to solve the problem for Arizona?.
         Outsourcing One-Off Approach:
         Cost $150-350K (Other States from $150K to $2.1 Million)
         A number of states have contracted for an outsourced, one time Snapshot view of broadband
         This approach may yield the quickest results at a fixed contract cost, but appears limited to
         specific broadband assessment approaches and generally is static and quickly becomes stale
         However, such results can be designed to be imported to an ongoing or continuous broadband
         assessment effort and can be used to kick start such a process with baseline data to be
         augmented and updated over time.
         GITA Phase2 Broadband Assessment GIS Project and Migration Strategy:
         Cost $574K
         Develop a longer term support or migration strategy for continuity. Strategy includes:
         - Continuous GIS Mapping process established per Phase2 assessment
         - Permanent home established (along with appropriate funding) and in an existing Agency
         - Alternately, GITA could assist in the development of a separate in-house GIS Agency including
         Broadband Assessment functions, which other states have effectively carried out, such as
         Massachusetts and Tennessee.
         - Alternatively, the State could outsource ongoing maintenance and evolution to a private non-
         profit or for-profit organization.

Broadband Assessment Project Architecture

GIS Broadband Assessment - Data Sources

      •Broadband-related information sources existing within various State
      agencies including details on telecom connections in use across the State
      •Existing broadband assessment data from the FCC and other government
      •Data from the existing Arizona Telecommunications and Information
      Council’s (ATIC) Arizona Telecom Directory (ATD) augmented and
      supported by an ongoing linkage to the State’s efforts
      •Information and data access provided by telecom carriers and industry
      resources in a cooperative environment with appropriate proprietary and
      confidentiality management and protection
      •External licensed commercial data sources and open sources in readily
      integrated GIS format with ongoing updates
      •Data gathering from end users including traditional surveying and crowd
      •Wide range of government, open source, licensed, and other GIS-based
      data for integration to core data warehouse or external utilization in mash-
      ups and visualization

State Agency Broadband-Related GIS Data
         Arizona Government Information Technology Agency (GITA) - Arizona Public
         Safety Communications Commission (PSCC), telecom provider infrastructure maps

         Arizona Department of Administration (ADOA) Telecommunications Program
         Office (TPO) - State telecom purchasing data for hundreds of agency and other AZNet
         participant facilities around the state geo-coded by user, carrier, circuit type, cost(s),
         service level monitoring, and other operating data

         Arizona State Library, Archives and Public Records (ASLAPR) - Directory and
         database of over 300 academic, public, tribal, special, and museum libraries including
         their location, technology plans, e-rate funding, telecom and broadband information

         •Arizona Department of Education (ADE) - Annual Technology Survey and
         Assessment of every school district and charter institution including telecom and
         broadband purchasing data, School Technology Plans for E-rate support, Arizona
         Education Data Warehouse (AEDW) with school and district statistics, School Report
         Card System, Student Accountability Information System (SAIS), and School District
         Boundaries shape file

         •Arizona State Land Department (SLD) & State Cartographer Office (SCO) -
         Arizona Land Resource Information System (ALRIS), Arizona Geographic Information
         Council (AGIC) with downloadable datasets, Arizona Imagery Server, Arizona GIS
         Inventory Tool, and public land and city boundary shape files

State Agency Broadband-Related GIS Data
   Arizona Corporation Commission (ACC) - ILEC service areas & LATA boundaries, ILEC
    and CLEC annual reports, lists of regulated telecom companies, telecom tariffs in dockets,
    natural gas pipeline and hazardous liquid pipeline maps

   Arizona Department of Transportation (ADOT) - Street centerline files with geometry,
    condition, and additional information on state and federal roadways, traffic management and
    performance monitoring, commercial vehicle and environmental information, airport and
    railroad datasets, roadway photo logs

   Arizona Department of Commerce (ADOC) - Arizona economic regions shape file, Asset
    Inventory Project for select regional economic data including telecom survey, population
    estimates, Arizona Workforce Informer and Arizona State Data Center programs, Arizona
    Indicators participant

   AZ3D - To provide common operating picture for decision-makers, emergency responders,
    and Arizona Counter Terrorism Information Center (AcTIC) with Arizona Geospatial
    Clearinghouse (AGC) to assemble, integrate, develop and distribute geospatial data and

   Arizona Health-e Connections (AzHeC) - Telemedicine and telehealth planning and data,
    survey of clinicians and practitioners throughout Arizona incorporating broadband questions

   Arizona Department of Revenue (ADoR) - Tracks telecom-related categories of taxable
    assets, Transaction Privilege Tax (TPT) or sales tax, income statistics, bonding

   Arizona Independent Redistricting Commission - Congressional District shape file

Example of State Matrix

                                                              States Case Studies         Special Cases

                                                                                          Virtual AL

                                                                                                                   GA Atlas

                                                                                                                              PA Atlas
                       Survey Qualities
                                                          C   I   K   M   M   N   T   V
                                                          A   L   Y   D   A   C   N   T
         Broadband Survey Life Span
         Pilot: Outsourced Contract-"1-Off" (One Time)    X   X   X               X                                X          X
         Pilot: In-house - Potential "1-Off" (One Time)   X               X   X
         Sustained, Continuous Broadband Survey           X       X       X   X   X   X
         BB Survey: Ongoing to Present Time, Future       ?       ?   X   X   X   X   X   X
         Survey Authorization
         Governor Executive Order                         X   X   X               X       X
         State Legislation Enacts                                 X   X   X   X   X   X
         Internal Agency, Dept. Function                                              X   X
         Public-Private Organization Broadband
                                                              X   X                                    X           ?          ?
         Date Survey Initiated
         < 2000                                                                                                               X
         2000 - 2004                                                  X   X       X       X
         2005 - 2008                                          X   X       X   X       X                X
         Initial/Startup Funding Sources
         Bonds backed by Government
         Municipality/State                                               X       ?   X                X
         Appropriation from Congress                          X   X   X               ?                X
         Appropriation from State Legislature                     X   X   X   X   X   X                X
         Other Public Organizations (Regional,
         County)                                                  X                                    X
         Public-Private Organizations Funding             X       X                                    X
         In-Kind Donations from Organizations             X       X                                    X
         FCC/USDA - RUS                                                                                X
         Special Tax for Broadband                                                                     X
         Sustainability Funding Sources
         Appropriation from Congress                                                                   X
         Appropriation from State Legislature                     ?   ?               ?                X
         Public-Private Organizations Funding             ?       ?               ?                    X
         In-Kind Donations from Organizations             ?       ?               ?                    X
         Leasing Infrastructure (Fiber,
         Towers/Collocate)                                            X   X           X                X
         Special Tax for Broadband                        X                                            X

Other States’ Experience
Ten States reviewed. NC, TN, KY, CA, VT, MA, IL,
    MD, PA, GA

Immediate Benefits identified from Surveys:
1. Unserved or Underserved areas identified
   followed by competitive cost reductions to end-
   users (Kentucky, Massachusetts)
2. Measurable Economic Development when
   Broadband situations improve (North Carolina)
3. Informed Policy making by Legislatures (All

Next Steps

       1. Initiate the GIS Broadband Assessment –
          High Priority

       2. Watch and participate in upcoming Federal

       3. Participate in Regional and National
          Decision Making

       4. Inform Constituencies and Policy Makers


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