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Busy bees honey wax pollen and propolis Bees wax

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Busy bees honey wax pollen and propolis Bees wax Powered By Docstoc
					IB1091010 Busy bees—honey, wax, pollen, and propolis
February 10, 2010, Pages 72-81
1. To produce a kilogram of honey (2.2 lb) requires on average how many loads of nectar?
a. 100        b. 1,000       c. 100,000             d. 1,000,000

2. True or false: When a forager returns to the hive, nectar in the honey stomach goes directly into a
wax cell to “cure.” Nectar is transferred from a forager to a worker in the hive via mouth-to-mouth
exchange (trophallaxis).

3. What are two things that bees do to turn nectar into honey?
a. Repeatadly regurgitate to evaporate water b. Wing fanning to help evaporate water/ concentrate
nectar. c. Biochemical conversion of sucrose into glucose and fructose.

4. Of the following sugars, which is least sweet-tasting?
sucrose        fructose               glucose

5. What is not present in honey in significant quantities?
a. vitamins    b. minerals            c. enzymes             d. lipids

6. Two types of substances that can potentially cause injury in honey:
a. Terpenoids from plants    b. Alkaloids from plants        Botulinum (bacteria) toxin

7. From what era do the oldest depictions of honey gathering date?
 a. 80,000 years ago         b. 8,000 years ago            c. 800 years ago

8. True of false: Biblical references to honey refer to date syrup rather than honey from honey bees.

9. What is mead? Fermented honey wine

10. When were skeps in widespread use?
a. in ancient Egypt between 2400 and 600 BC           c. in medieval Europe, around 1200 AD
b. in Rome in the first century BC                    d. in modern times, since the 19th century

11. How long has the movable frame hive been in use?
a. since ancient Egypt, starting between 2400 and 600 BC
b.since Rome, starting in the first century BC
c. since medieval Europe, starting around 1200 AD
d. in modern times, starting in the nineteenth century

12. Reverend L.L. Langstroth’s principal contribution to apiculture was
a. developing methods for artificially inseminating queens
b. introducing Apis mellifera scutellata to North American
c. inventing the movable frame hive
d. patenting the centrifugal honey extractor
13. What is “bee space”? Approximately 0.25-0.375 inch, the space which bees leave open for moving
within the colony

14. Which of the following is a monofloral honey?
a. orange blossom     b. fir tree honey     c. wildflower honey d. all of the above

15. Honeydew honey is made from:
a. exudations from honeydew melon b. dew that appears on flowers in the morning
c. soft beech scale excrement     d. nectar from the honey flower Lambertia formosa

16. True or false: Honey cannot be eaten after it has crystallized.

17. Manuka honey has FDA approval for treatment of
a. sore throats b. stomach ulcers c. cataracts  d. MRSA infections

18. Why don’t vegans eat honey?
It is an animal product and many believe beekeeping is the “enslavement of bees”

19. Why might “Heavenly Organic Hymalayan Wild Honey” not be considered honey in the EU?
       Because it is a product of the bee Apis dorsata, and not Apis mellifera. In the European Union
honey is defined as “a product made by Apis mellifera”

20. What are two reasons honey is widely used in the baking industry?
a. Tastes Sweet       b. hygroscopic

21. List two ways, other than in baking, that honey is used today:
a. cosmetics (soaps and skin care) b. beer c. medicines d. candies e. cooking ham

22. Name two of the leading honey-producing countries in the world:
a. China    b. Argentina c. Mexico

23. What contaminant has been found in imported Chinese honey?
a. ciprofloxacin    b. chloramphenical c. corn syrup d. all of the above

24. Beeswax is a secretion of glands located on the ventral side of the honey bee’s abdomen.

25. To produce one pound of wax a colony consumes how much honey?
a. one pound                       b. ten pounds                           c. fifty pounds

26. List three attributes of beeswax that make it such useful material:
a. Low melting point b. Resists weathering c. Repels water d. non-poisonous

27. Explain how wax is used in the following artistic media:
a. batik protects fabric from dye, removed by heating and re-applied in different pattern with second
dye
b. lost wax casting sculpted and covered in plaster, removed by heating and molten metal is poured into
the space left behind to produced sculpture or metal tools
c. pysanky protects eggshell from dye in the same way as fabric is protected in batik

28. True or false: In Asia, the economic value of royal jelly exceeds the value of honey.

29. Royal jelly
a. restores youth      b. enhances the sex drive     c. prolongs life       d. none of the above

30. True or false: Only larvae destined to become queens are fed royal jelly

31. Royal jelly is secreted from the
a. Nasanov gland       b. hypopharyngeal gland       c. wax glands          d. flowers

32. Why do people purchase and consume bee pollen? Clever marketing and perceived health benefits.

33. Propolis is produced by bees from tree sap. In the colony it is used to seal cracks. Commercially it
is sold in health food stores because of its high content of antimicrobials.

34. For what commercial purpose have dead adult bees been used? Bug-in-an-ice-cube novelty gift

				
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