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									Volume 1 Issue 4                                                                                                   Page 1

      June 2007                                 Naval UAS
      Volume 2                                  Newsletter
       Issue 2                         http://uav.navair.navy.mil/
                               Navy Expands Multiservice UAS                   and the Navy so that it will be 90%
                                          Cooperation                          common. On ships the Navy will
                                       CAPT Paul Morgan                        use the UCARS autoland system.
                              The Navy/USMC Team is on track to                The UCARS uses the same milli-
                              deliver a Naval Family of interoper-             meter wave tracker for autoland as
                              able UAS that will allow the DoN to              the Tactical Automatic Landing
                              operate the right air vehicle for the            System (TALS) autoland system
    VTUAV Completes           right mission for “Focused Flying”,              for the Army Shadow UAS.
     Milestone C - 1/6        on land and on the sea, among the
                              services, and with coalition partners.           Current VTUAV payloads include
                                                                               the Electric Optic/Infra Red/Laser
                            On land the USMC is moving from                    Designator/Range Finder (EO/IR/
                            the Tier I (Dragon Eye) and Tier II                LDRF) BRITE Star II and Coastal
                            (Pioneer) UASs to the state of the                 Battlefield Reconnaissance and
                            art Raven – B and Shadow 200 de-                   Analysis (COBRA) mine detection
                            veloped by the US Army. The Army                   payload (Blocks I, II, and III).
                            provided extensive coordination to
Shadow 200 to be Fielded in
                            the DoN to support the quick deliv-                The Navy led Small Tactical Un-
        2007 - 5
                            ery of these two systems including                 manned Aerial System (STUAS/
                            adapting plans for training and lo-                TIER II has the potential to be the
                            gistics facilities that can support both           first Joint UAS program. The sys-
                            services.                                          tem is planned to be both land and
                                                                               sea based. Each of the services
                             At sea, the Vertical Take Off and                 has expressed interest in the pro-
                             Landing Tactical Unmanned Aerial                  curement. The system could dra-
   STUAS / Tier II RFP       Vehicle (VTUAV) passed Milestone                  matically expand interservice coop-
  Due Out in Late Fall - 6   C, signaling the start of low-rate ini-           eration in the employment of
                             tial production on the road to Initial            UASs. The endurance, perform-
                             Operational Capability (IOC) on the               ance, footprint and cost for this
                             Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) class in               type of a system makes it an excel-
                             2008. The VTUAV is the first USN                  lent candidate for a small size UAS
                             UAS (third overall within the DoD) to             that can be deployed in large num-
                             reach Milestone C in the DoD acqui-               bers. The requirement was shaped
                             sition process. Milestone C will be               by current operational experience.
BAMS In Source Selection - 6 followed by VTUAV payload test
                             flights this fall and then initial opera-         Cooperation is on track to continue
                             tional evaluation.                                as proven UAS and improved UAS
                                                                               capabilities lead the services to ac-
                              Cooperation with the Army continues              quire more UASs.
                              on the VTUAV which was competi-
                              tively selected in a separate procure-
                              ment as the Army Class IV UAS for
                              the Future Combat Systems (FCS).
  Planned Restructuring of    The VTUAV system design has
 PEO(W) UAS Activities - 7    been coordinated between the Army
Distribution Statement A – Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited, as submitted under NAVAIR Public Release
Authorization 07-0540.
Volume 1 Issue 4                                                                                                    Page 2

Spotlight on Standards and Interoperability
Common Systems IPT:
      - NATO Efforts for UAS Standards and
Interoperability – NAVAIR PEO(W) PMA-263
and OPNAV N-88 have provided leadership
and support for NATO interoperability standards
for UAVS over the past decade. The Chairman
of the NATO Joint Capability Group on UAV
(JCGUAV) is from the US Navy and the two
Vice Chairman are from Germany and France.
Twenty countries routinely participate in the
JCGUAV bi-annual meetings held at NATO
Headquarters in Brussels, Belgium.         The
JCGUAV has a sequence of interoperability
standards underway:
      - UAV Flight in Non-Segregated Airspace
      - STANAG 4660 (Command and Control                        STANAG 4660:
      Data Link)                                                STANAG 4660 leverages the UK High Integrity
      - HALE/MALE and Weaponization                             Data Link (HIDL) study which was conducted to
      - STANAG 4586 (UAV Control System)                        support development of the Watchkeeper UAS
      - Common Route Definition (CRD)                           Project. The UK is the lead for this effort.

                                                                The Interoperable Command and Control Data
Flight in Non-Segregated Airspace (FINAS):                      Link (IC2DL) STANAG 4660 functionality is to
The FINAS Working Group is working towards                      provide:
total system certification (including air worthi-                         - Command & control (C2) uplink and
ness). The group is also working functional re-                           telemetry downlink for multiple UAVs
quirements for a Sense and Avoid system,                                  - Digital voice communications for Air
training, Air Traffic Management and security                             Traffic Control (ATC) purposes
issues.                                                                   - Network enabled capability to sup-
                                                                          port communication with up to 5 ac-
UAV Systems Airworthiness Requirements                                    tive nodes with a large number of
(USAR) now known as STANAG 4671 was re-                                   passive nodes
leased in June 2007 for review. This newly                                - Node to node relay (beyond line of
minted STANAG is an airworthiness code for                                sight) capability
fixed wing UASs with a take-off weight between                            - Optional low data rate sensor
150 kg – 20,000 kg. STANAG 4671 started life                              downlink for sensors such as EO/IR,
as a French proposal to adapt a current                                   Electronic Support Measures (ESM)
manned aircraft standard to suit the characteris-                         and Electronic Warfare (EW).
tics of UASs.
                                                                The draft of STANAG 4660 is now available.
The Airworthiness Offices of all three services                 This draft describes the signal and critical inter-
are conducting an engineering review of the                     faces with enough detail to support independent
standard. UASs should enjoy more streamline                     development of IC2DL interoperable data links.
access to other nations’ airspace by agreeing to
this common design and construction standard.

Distribution Statement A – Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited, as submitted under NAVAIR Public Release
Authorization 07-0540.
Volume 1 Issue 4                                                                                                    Page 3

Spotlight on Standards and Interoperability Continued
Weaponization:                                                  standards which allows for the competition of
The UAV Weaponization Specialist Team (ST)                      alternative UAS components (control stations,
has been established to review the required                     payloads, etc.) for a given UAS and standard
technology to integrate weapon payloads into                    terms and applications which should result in
UASs as well as enabling technologies includ-                   more simple and common training. These
ing types of weapons. The team is currently                     benefits should allow for improved ISR collec-
considering required messages and weapons                       tion and dissemination for the warfighter in the
data at the following functional interfaces:                    near future as well as positively affecting the
         - Mission Plan interface to include                    acquisition process.
           weapons load, target data, release
           conditions, arming instructions, and                 Active Navy involvement with STANAG 4586
           safe jettison areas.                                 allows the Navy the ability to leverage industry
         - Command and Control messages                         resources for USN/DoD solutions as well as
           (part of STANAG 4586 Data Link In-                   providing a direct “input” in the development of
           terface (DLI)) to include armament                   international standards that impact USN UAS
           management configuration com-                        programs.
           mands and instructions.
         - Air Vehicle (A/V) to Weapon Interface                STANAG 4586 is being implemented by manu-
           to include weapons status, release                   facturers from several NATO countries. The
           consent, air data interface, safe sepa-              following is a listing of the noteworthy US imple-
           ration, and own position coordinates.                mentations:
                                                                       - AAI/One System (Shadow 200, Pio-
A UAV weapons architecture will be created                             neer, and Aerosonde UASs)
and a set of Information Exchange Require-                             - General Atomics – Aeronautical Sys-
ments (IERs) will be developed by the ST and                           tems Inc. (GA-ASI)/One System (ER/MP
contained in a technical document. This techni-                        Sky Warrior UAS)
cal information will be provided to the STANAG                         - Northrop Grumman Corporation/
4586 Team so that the STANAG 4586 message                              Tactical Control System (TCS)
set and Common Route Definition (CRD) will be                          (FireScout VTUAV)
updated as needed.
                                                                The CST has recently embarked on Edition 3
STANAG 4586:                                                    and Edition 4 to improve functionality and capa-
Standard Agreement (STANAG) 4586 Edition 2                      bilities of the standard. Edition 3 will include
Version 5 (Edition 2.5) titled “Standard Inter-                 interoperable Mission Planning through the
faces of UAV Control System (UCS) for NATO                      CRD, limited autonomy, bandwidth reduction
UAV Interoperability” was sent to the NATO                      efforts (through the use of presence vectors
Standardization Agency (NSA) for promulga-                      and fixed point scaling), limited net-centric task-
tion. STANAG 4586 Edition 2.5 provides a path                   ing to include multicasting, an improved data
for control stations to control designated UAVs/                link message set, and new CCI products. The
payloads as well as the ability to more effi-                   CCI products being reviewed for inclusion into
ciently and effectively                                         Edition 3 include internet relay chat, new pay-
collect and dissemi-                                            loads (MSI/HSI/COMMINT), KLV Metadata
nate standard ISR                                               standards and MPEG-4. Edition 3’s initial draft
data.     Benefits of                                           will be distributed for informal review in the
STANAG 4586 in-               French UCAS in                    spring of 2008.
clude open source               Development

Distribution Statement A – Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited, as submitted under NAVAIR Public Release
Authorization 07-0540.
Volume 1 Issue 4                                                                                                    Page 4

Spotlight on Standards and Interoperability Continued
Edition 4 will focus on net-centric operations                  developed to “extend” the CRD to cover UAS
with the intentions of being an integral operating              requirements. This new “extended” CRD is in-
node on the Global Information Grid (GIG),                      corporated into STANAG 4586 Edition 3 which
higher levels of autonomy with direct tasking                   will be released for review in the spring 2008
under designated levels of UAV self-control,                    timeframe.
weaponzation and the development of a com-
mon schema for Joint Architecture for Un-                       The “extended” CRD is a new stand-alone at-
manned Systems (JAUS) and STANAG 4586 to                        tachment for STANAG 4586. The JMPS ICWG
develop common “robotic” control. Edition 4 is                  officially references the UAV Custom tags in
planned to be distributed for review in the 2009                their baseline documentation and defers con-
timeframe.                                                      trol/management to the STANAG 4586 Custo-
                                                                dian Support Team.
Compliance testing and validation of STANAG
4586 are currently underway with the TCS and                    The UAV Custom Tag Schema is registered
One System GCS. The TCS has completed                           with the DoD Metadata Registry and is currently
component lab testing and is planning system                    being used by the US Army Extended Range
level flight testing. The One System has com-                   Multi-purpose (ERMP) Sky Warrior program.
pleted component lab testing and system flight
testing with the Shadow 200 and is currently
conducting interoperability testing with the
                                                                Focus on the Warfighter
                                                                ISR Services Contract:
Shadow 200 and Aerosonde UASs. Lessons
                                                                The Navy continues to contract with Boeing for
learned are being studied and being used to
                                                                ISR services for Navy shipboard and oil plat-
further refine STANAG 4586.
                                                                form deployments.
- Common Route Definition (CRD)/UAS Cus-
tom Tags – The Common Route Definition
(CRD) is the standard for mission planning data                                          ScanEagle on Patrol
transfer. The CRD is formatted in XML and is
the underlying mission planning format for Joint
Mission Planning System (JMPS), the Portable
Flight Planning System (PFPS), Air Force Mis-
sion Support System (AFMSS) and the NATO
Air Command and Control System (ACCS).
The ACCS combines and automates the plan-
ning, tasking and execution of all operations at
the tactical level.

The CRD is controlled by the JMPS Interface
Control Working Group (ICWG). In the past,
the CRD only contained route planning and
contingency planning data transfer capability.
The STANAG 4586 team realized that this
would not sufficiently cover the Mission Plans
needed for UAS operations. Therefore, unique
UAV planning data for a collection plan, dis-
semination plan and communication plan was

Distribution Statement A – Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited, as submitted under NAVAIR Public Release
Authorization 07-0540.
Volume 1 Issue 4                                                                                                    Page 5

Focus on the Warfighter Continued

                                                                                Marines of VMU-1

Shadow 200:
The Shadow 200 (RQ-7B) is set to quickly re-
place the Pioneer UAS. The approved pro-
curement of the US Army Shadow tactical un-
manned        aircraft  system    (TUAS),    as
an immediate organic capability for the USMC
Tier III requirement is in place. The Shadow
will be fielded in a two phased approach. Phase
1 consists of both unmanned squadrons
(VMUs) being trained on Shadow IAW existing
Army procedures, immediately followed by the
squadrons deployment in support of Operation
Iraq Freedom (OIF). After both squadron de-
ployments, a comprehensive review will be per-
formed to determine if the Army procedures are
adequate to meet evolving Navy/USMC require-
ments. If not, Phase 2 would be instituted to
make the required changes.

Current plans call for a planned procurement
of twelve (12) systems to outfit the VMUs.

                                                                                                     Shadow 200s

Distribution Statement A – Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited, as submitted under NAVAIR Public Release
Authorization 07-0540.
Volume 1 Issue 4                                                                                                    Page 6

Program Highlights
STUAS/Tier II UAS: - U.S. Navy plans to release                      - Kearfott Inc. - Guidance and Navigation
the request for proposals (RFP) for its Small                        - Lockheed Martin Corporation - Ship In-
Tactical Unmanned Air System (STUAS)/ Tier II                        tegration
this Fall. Although the system will be tailored for                  - Raytheon Company - Tactical Control
USN/USMC users, the US Army, US Coast                                System
Guard and US Air Force are expressing interest                       - Rockwell Collins - Avionics
in the winner of this full and open competition.                     - Rolls-Royce Corporation - Engine
A STUAS /Tier II Industry Day was held on the                        - Sierra Nevada Corporation - Unmanned
morning of August 6th in conjunction with the                        Common Automatic Recovery System
PEO(W) / AUVSI Unmanned System Demon-                                - Schweizer Aircraft Corporation - Airframe

   Artist Conception of
       the STUAS
                                                                                              First Flight of the
The MQ-8B FireScout Vertical takeoff and land-
ing Tactical Unmanned Air Vehicle (VTUAV) has
reached Milestone C, signifying the beginning of
its low-rate initial production phase. This signifi-
cant step for the VTUAV program and for un-
manned systems in general is due to an im-
mense amount of hard work and diligence re-
garding meeting and exceeding requirements
set forth for the new capabilities these systems
offer the warfighter.

The Northrop Grumman Corporation’s VTUAV is
made available to the Navy through the efforts of
the Fire Scout Industry team which also include:
   - Cubic Defense Applications - Communica-
   tions                                                        Broad Area Maritime Surveillance (BAMS) -
   - FLIR Systems, Inc. - BriteStar II Payload                  Currently within Source Selection.
   - GE Fanuc - Vehicle Management Computer

Distribution Statement A – Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited, as submitted under NAVAIR Public Release
Authorization 07-0540.
Volume 1 Issue 4                                                                                                    Page 7

Planned Restructuring of PEO(W) UAS Activities
Putting the capabilities that UASs bring into the
hands of the warfighter means those systems                     forts including some unmanned airship projects
not only have to be reliable and effective, it also             currently under NAVAIR Science and Technol-
means they have to interoperate with manne                      ogy leadership. The Program Manager is ex-
platforms, provide information to intelligence and              pected to slate this summer in time for
decision making systems, and safely operate                     an October 2007 Program Office stand-up.
within the Joint Battlespace. This requires a
“system-of-systems” approach that enables use                   The second new program office will be the Per-
of common architectures, standards, and solu-                   sistent Unmanned Surveillance Program Office
tions across Navy and Marine Corps UAS. With                    – PMA-262. This program office will have the
this in mind the successful creation and fielding               Broad Area Maritime Surveillance (BAMS) Pro-
of a Family of Unmanned Systems is of critical                  gram (ACAT I) as the principal acquisition pro-
concern to avoid duplication and eliminate stove-               gram. It will also have management responsi-
pipes while providing safe, interoperable sys-                  bility for the Global Hawk Maritime Demonstra-
tems to the warfighter.                                         tion Program (GHMD) as well as any future
                                                                Persistent Surveillance-related efforts. The Pro-
In order to more effectively manage the develop-                gram Manager is expected to slate this summer
ment of UAS programs and coordinate with an                     in time for an October 2007 Program Office
increasingly broad stakeholder base, RADM Tim                   stand-up.
Heely, PEO(W), has directed the planning for
restructuring of PEO(W) UAS activities after re-                Finally, in order to more effectively coordinate
ceiving initial approval from the Assistant Secre-              both within PEO(W) and with activities like the
tary of the Navy for Research, Development,                     UAS Planning Task force, JUAS MRB, and
and Acquisition (ASN(RDA)). In the proposed                     JUAS COE, what is now the PMA-263 Common
concept, what is currently PMA-263 will be split                Systems Integration Department functions will
into three program offices. The first program of-               be transferred to the PEO(W) staff with some
fice will retain the PMA-263 designation, but will              slight modifications. Common Systems will fo-
be renamed the Navy/Marine Corps Small Tacti-                   cus on overarching Family of Systems architec-
cal UAS Program Office. This program office will                ture, standards, and acquisition issues as well
have the Small Tactical UAS(STUAS)/Tier II                      as interfacing with key partner and stakeholder
UAS program (anticipated ACAT II) as its princi-                activities. This is expected to maintain tight co-
pal acquisition program, but will also conduct all-             ordination and cooperation across the three
Navy/Marine Corps small-tactical and Tier I/II                  Program Offices and the NUCAS Advanced De-
UAS programs and activities to include USMC                     velopment Program Office (ADPO).
Raven, EOD JUONS, and a number of technol-
ogy efforts. CAPT Morgan will remain Program
Manager until a successor is chosen in the sum-
mer of 2008.

The first new program office will be the Navy/
Marine Corps Tactical Unmanned ISR Program
Office – PMA-266. This program office will have
the VTUAV (ACAT I) Program and the Tactical
Control System (TCS) Program (ACAT II) as
principal acquisition programs. It will also have
management responsibility for USMC VUAV in
addition to other Tactical UAS/Tier III related ef-
Distribution Statement A – Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited, as submitted under NAVAIR Public Release
Authorization 07-0540.
Volume 1 Issue 4                                                                                                    Page 8

Related Navy ISR Developments Continued
US Navy’s UAS Weaponization Strategy
In anticipation of a FY10 weapons requirement
for the MQ-8B Vertical Takeoff/Landing Un-
manned Air Vehicle (VTUAV), PMA-263 is
adopting an approach to developing a weapon
system architecture capable of being integrated
on multiple platforms.

PMA-263 is leveraging the work of the NATO
Industrial Advisory Group (NIAG) Subgroup 97
and the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).
The SAE for aircraft weapons interfaces will
complete two new interface standards for minia-
ture munitions and micro-munitions. The minia-
ture and micro-munitions standards will include
the High Speed 1760 (HS1760) capability.
HS1760 provides MIL-STD-1553B Notice 4 type-
command and control messages while providing
the capability of data transfers all at a 1 Gbaud
data rate. HS1760 will also be added to MIL-
STD-1760E to replace High Bandwidth Lines 2
and 4 for Class I and IA interfaces. By adopting
HS1760 early, UASs can provide a growth path
for smaller and smarter weapons to fully exploit
emerging capabilities, such as streaming digital
video from the weapon to the air vehicle.

Working with the NATO Joint Capability Group
on Unmanned Air Vehicles (JCGUAV), PMA-263
is also assisting with defining the weapons-
related messages sets needed for STANAG
4586, Standard Interfaces of UAV Control Sys-
tem (UCS) for NATO UAV Interoperability.

Many of these activities will be completed by Fis-
cal Year 2010, allowing the system architecture
framework to be ready not only as the first Navy
UAS to integrate weapons, VTUAV, but the en-
tire family of future unmanned systems in the
Navy inventory.

Distribution Statement A – Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited, as submitted under NAVAIR Public Release
Authorization 07-0540.

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