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									 BAC/SHDI Beekeeping Extension Project, Kenya




                        Annual Report

                                2003




Report Date:    February 2004


Prepared By:    Thomas Carroll, BDU Manager, Box 52, Molo, Kenya. Tel:
                254 51 721091, E-mail: baraka@africaonline.co.ke



Submitted to:   Self Help Development International (SHDI), Hacketstown,
                Co. Carlow, Ireland. Tel: 353 508 71175, E-mail:
                info@selfhelpintl.ie
                        TABLE OF CONTENTS



1. Executive Summary                                                  3

2. Introduction                                                       4

      2.1 Introduction to the project                                 5
      2.2 Key findings of the Baraka/SHDI Beekeeping Study            5
      2.3 The response of the Project to the study findings           5
      2.4 Overall goal of the project                                 6
      2.5 Key project activities                                      6

3. Activities and Results                                             7

      3.1 Results by activity                                         7
      3.2 Other project activities during the period under review    20


4. Analysis                                                          22

      4.1 Summary of targets versus achievements                     22
      4.2 Constraints                                                25
      4.3 Positive factors                                           25
      4.4 Comments from field staff                                  26

5. Conclusions                                                       27

6. Recommendations                                                   29


Annexes
                                                                     30
Annex 1 – Survey of beneficiaries, November 2003
Annex 2 – Advert to promote honey in the Kenyan press
Annex 3 - Beekeeping promotional materials - calendar
Annex 4 – Kenya Honey Council – working group‟s terms of reference
            2003/2004
Annex 5 – Activity plan January to June 2004
Annex 6 – Residential courses at Baraka Agricultural College 2003
Annex 7 – Apimondia 2005 in Dublin, Ireland
Annex 8 – Case studies 2003
Annex 9 - Photographs

                                                                          2
                                                                                1
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

This report covers a period of one year (2003) for the Baraka Agricultural
College, Self Help Development International (SHDI) funded, Beekeeping
Extension project to Nakuru, Transmara, Kericho, Bomet, Baringo and Samburu
districts – Kenya.

The report is a summary of the activities and achievements January to December
2003 and follows-on from and encompasses the last semi-annual report
submitted in July 2003. However, annexes included in the July 2003 semi-
annual report are not repeated here. The activity work plan for the next six
months (January to June 2004) is also included in this report.

An internal evaluation of the project was carried out in December 2003 and the
highlights of this evaluation are included – both areas of strengths and areas that
require further effort/changed strategy during 2004 are discussed.

Major achievements for the year include achievements at both local and national
level.

At local level we continued to provide training and extension services to our
clients to develop their beekeeping skills and knowledge and enhance market
linkages. Our emphasis on practical skills training is proving very successful with
overwhelming demand for our services.          This has led us to develop and
augment our farmer-to-farmer extension services and push for increased
collaboration with other stakeholders such as Ministry of Livestock, Non-
Governmental Organisations and Churches. We can be much more effective
and have bigger reach when we work with and through others to build their
beekeeping capacity by providing technical backup, support and training.


At national level, in 2003, we supported the formation of a national beekeeping
organization – the Kenya Honey Council. We chair the technical sub-committee
in this new beekeeping organisation and have turned some of our project
activities into national activities in collaboration with other stakeholders. An
example is our beekeeping manual for Kenya – instead of writing it ourselves we
are writing it in collaboration with others, which will result in a much better
document. Our lesson learnt is that It Is possible to have a National impact and
get results at National level using small amounts of funds applied to the right
activities in collaboration with other stakeholders.



                                                                                  3
Another valuable lesson learnt is on the importance of contributing to beekeeping
knowledge through applied research. There are major gaps in current
knowledge of African beekeeping – our project must document and share
findings with others on our experiences of what works and what does not. To
this end we are encouraging beekeeping clients to keep records for their own use
and also for the benefit others. In 2004 we intend to do much more in this area
of research and documentation.

In August 2005, Apimondia (World Association of Beekeeping Organisations) will
hold their conference and exhibition in Dublin, Ireland (first time in Ireland – the
conference is held every two years). We believe this is a great opportunity for us
to participate and share our experiences on beekeeping development with
others. In 2004 we will make plans to participate in this important event.




                                                                                   4
                                                                                 2
INTRODUCTION


2.1 Introduction to the project:

The BAC/SHDI beekeeping extension project began in January 2002 after the
BAC/SHDI beekeeping study on the Kenyan beekeeping industry from June to
December 2001. During the study key stakeholders involved in the industry were
consulted including beekeepers, honey processors and packers, retailers,
industrial buyers of honey, NGOs, Government agencies and international
beekeeping experts. Their views were collected on the current state of
beekeeping in Kenya/Africa and the way forward. These views were
incorporated into the current BAC/SHDI extension project.

2.2 Key findings of the Baraka/SHDI Beekeeping Study:

 Currently most beekeepers receive little or no practical assistance on
  beekeeping at farm level.
 There is a supply shortage of quality honey in Kenya
 There is an underproduction of bee products in comparison to capacity and
  current volumes are insufficient for export
 There is a lack of honey standards and much fake honey in the Kenyan
  market
 There is a lack of coordination among stakeholders at National level in Kenya

2.3 The response of the Project to the study findings:

In response to the above findings the project was formulated to address the
needs identified.

The primary target beneficiaries are committed beekeepers in Nakuru, Kericho,
Bomet, Transmara, Baringo and Samburu districts, Kenya. The above districts
are high potential areas for beekeeping. These districts are also within reach of
Baraka Agricultural College.

Secondary beneficiaries of the intervention include consumers of honey in
Kenya, honey processors and packers as well as NGO and government
beekeeping extension workers.

The project is ready to extend its technical assistance to other beekeeping
groups outside the target districts above if requested and facilitated to do so by
collaborating agencies.



                                                                                     5
2.4 Overall goal of the project:

To contribute to sustainable rural development in Kenya by improving apiculture
industry and incomes of beekeepers in targeted areas.


2.5 Key Project Activities:


The ten key project components are:

1. Client/group identification, organization and capacity building.
2. Expanding and improving beekeeping extension services
3. Increased awareness of beekeeping.
4. Improved apiculture skills and management.
5. Improved access to equipment
6. Increased supply of quality honey
7. Improved marketing of bee products
8. Standardize honey quality
9. Enhanced communication information exchange
10. Capacity building of Kenya Beekeepers Association.




                                                                                  6
                                                                                      3
ACTIVITIES AND RESULTS

3.1 Results per activity

                              Activity 1.
      Group identification, organization and capacity building.
(a). Group identification:

To date the project has identified and is working with 42 beekeeping groups in
our six target districts and one in a non-target district through invitation of the
Nakwamoru Catholic mission in Lodwar (Turkana District).

Six new groups were identified in Baringo district by project extension staff
through World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), an organization that works in the
area and promotes environmental conservation. Groups identified had already
started and therefore demonstrated an interest in beekeeping.

Initial meetings were conducted with the new groups identified in Baringo and
members were briefed on the project.


The current group distribution per district is shown below in table 1.

Target area/District           Target No. Of Groups             No. Of Groups

1.   Nakuru                                5                             10
2.   Kericho                               5                              6
3.   Bomet                                 5                              6
4.   Transmara                             5                              6
5.   Baringo                               5                              6
6.   Samburu                               5                              8
7.   Turkana                               0                              1
     TOTAL                                30                             43

TABLE 1 – distribution of groups per district


The target number of five groups in each target district has now been achieved
with some districts having slightly more than five due to high interest and
willingness to practice beekeeping.



                                                                                      7
Table two shows the different groups per target district and the number of
beekeepers per group as of end of December 2003 (note some changes since
the last report).

District/Target area     Group name                Total
1. Nakuru                 Mbaruk                    61
                          Hobeli                    31
                          Mugumoini/Mutitu          32
                          Tumaini                   20
                          Pwani                     25
                          Kakika                    28
                          Gutoria                   30
                          Amuka                     22
                          Mauche                    20
                          Chesa                     35
                                                         =304
2. Kericho                Victory                   30
                          Kumiat                    30
                          Taunet                    30
                          Silbwet                   28
                          Segemiat                  20
                          Soin                      20
                                                         =152
3. Bomet                  Kiproroget                16
                          Kapkelei                  30
                          Segemiat                  22
                          Masese/Kapkelat           30
                          Itembe                    30
                          Tapyetgei                 20
                                                      =148

4. Samburu                Tuum                      18
                          Kurungu/Anderi            11
                          Wasorongai                28
                          Moricho                   12
                          Marti                     17
                          Arsim                     14
                          Baawa                     10
                          Lanyorin                  10
                                                      =120
5. Baringo                Segemiat                  21
                          Poi                       17
                          Chelaba                   23
                          Kapkoise                  13
                          Sinende                   16
                          Ndolela                   18

                                                                             8
                                                          =108
6. Transmara                Sitoka                      40
                            Enkutoto                    15
                            Pusangi                     32
                            Ololoo                      28
                            Olelesoilai Techgaa         21
                            Olonismis                   22
                                                          =158
7. Turkana                  Nakwamoru

TABLE 2 – Groups and beekeepers per district

In 2004 no new groups will be added to the list unless through farmer to farmer
extension. This is because of the need for regular group follow-ups which
become difficult if there are too many project groups.


(b) Organization and capacity building:


A total of 71 participants from project groups were sponsored on residential
courses in 2003. These were 5 in business, 12 in beekeeping, 11 in leadership,
11 in artisan, 15 in honey and bee product processing and 17 in training of
trainer‟s courses (see annex 6 for details).

These courses are aimed at leaders within target groups in order to build
capacity of the groups to deliver services to group members into the future. This
is an important sustainability strategy for the project.


Impact of residential courses:

Group follow-ups were made by project staff at farm level to assess how the
clients were utilizing the skills gained from the above courses. Out of fifteen
groups visited as part of the follow-up, eleven had improved in group leadership
as evidenced through semi-structured interviews and observations during group
meetings. An example is Chesa Self Help Group with thirty five members where
different duties are delegated to members. Apart from beekeeping they also own
an Agro forestry tree nursery and passion fruit production project. Each activity
has a small committee responsible for the running of the projects and reports to
the entire group. During their meetings each member participates actively in
discussions and decision making. Members contribute financially every month
indicating group solidarity. Transparency exists as those who had attended
residential courses organised by the project had passed on skills for the training
to other group members.



                                                                                  9
The project also facilitated a follow-up of residential training in 2003 by a student
of Kenya Institute of management, Nakuru of beekeeping clients on business
courses received. Fourteen clients who had attended a business course since
the inception of the project were interviewed. The results showed that trainees
gained self-assurance in record keeping, costing and pricing, marketing and
entrepreneurship. One trainee had started a new business on producing and
selling tree seedlings as a result of the course. All participants expressed an
aspiration for further business training.




                       Activity 2
Expansion and improvement of beekeeping extension services.

Meetings were held with Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Development staff
supporting/promoting beekeeping in all six target districts. Since they had been
briefed and known about the project, the purpose this time was to plan together
beekeeping activities and have/encourage joint beekeeping field training to share
relevant information and avoid duplication/confusion by delivering the same
message to our clients. Meetings were also held in target areas for the purpose
of good collaboration, networking and sharing of relevant information. There
were also a number of successful joint trainings with our collaborators during
2003.

A system for farmer-to-farmer advisory services is being developed and piloted
due to the demand for services. Farmer to farmer extension aims at building
intellectual self-reliance among the beekeeping groups and promotes self-
reliance and sustainability of the project.

Nineteen people were trained on the training of trainers Course (TOT) for one
week held at Baraka Agricultural College. Fifteen of out of the nineteen were our
beekeeping clients recruited from beekeeping groups. The reason to include our
beekeeping clients was to equip them with the facilitation skills suitable for
training adults including an understanding of how adults learn.

Training farmer extension workers is a change of approach from 2002, as we
believe that training farmer trainers is more sustainable. We realized that by
targeting only existing extension staff (Government and NGO) during the training
we were training people who had already been trained and often lacked interest.
Another major concern is that Government and NGO extension staff are
frequently transferred out of the areas they are working.

In 2004, as a pilot activity, we will select suitable farmer trainers and assign them
to particular clusters of beekeeping groups. These farmer trainers will be
provided with basic beekeeping equipment (three bee suits, two smokers, hive

                                                                                        10
tool, bee brush, two harvesting buckets) and a bicycle. These farmer trainers will
provide practical support to group members in their area on beekeeping and will
be backstopped by project staff.

The above approach has been taken as the internal evaluation of the project
carried out in December 2003 revealed that farmers require more visits from
extension staff and regular follow-ups which are not physically possible unless
we take this approach. We also want to enhance the capacity of farmers to solve
their own problems, which is in line with current thinking on beekeeping
development (Bradbear, Fisher, Jackson 2002)*

* „Strengthening Livelihoods – exploring the role of beekeeping in development‟,
Bees for Development, United Kingdom, 2002




                              Activity 3.
                  Increased Awareness of Beekeeping
We participated in Nakuru Agricultural Show to create awareness on beekeeping.
We also exhibited our bee products and equipment plus offered technical
information for those who were interested in beekeeping. Participants and
attendants came from within and some from outside Rift Valley province. We
distributed project brochures and our beekeeping newsletter to promote the value
of beekeeping and aims of the project.

Two secondary schools, Siria in Transmara and St. Francis –Lare in Nakuru
district were identified to provide technical assistance to secondary students and
assist them to set up demonstration apiaries. Initial meetings were held with the
management from each school and we agreed to start and continue with the
activity. The management from both schools were interested with the idea that
beekeeping can generate income as well as students acquiring skills and
knowledge. Siria, secondary school students in Transmara district were trained
on module I and lesson I module II on beekeeping and on apiary established at
the school compound.

Preparations of technical handouts/information pack on beekeeping are
developed and being further refined for both schools and beekeepers. The
technical beekeeping manual is now a joint activity with stakeholders in the
Kenyan beekeeping industry under the umbrella of the Kenya Honey Council.
Baraka Agricultural College chairs the technical committee of the Kenya Honey
Council and is responsible for coordinating these activities (see annex 4).




                                                                                     11
The project developed and printed a calendar for the year 2004 titled “The
benefits of Beekeeping” (see annex 3) and distributed to our clients/groups and
other relevant stakeholders to promote the value of beekeeping. Each month
features a different benefit of beekeeping and is designed to create awareness
as well as educate.

Exhibitions to raise awareness on beekeeping were held at farmer‟s field days at
Lare, Kamara, Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI) and the Catholic
Diocese of Nakuru, all in Nakuru district and also at Baringo agricultural show
(Baringo District). Most people showed interest in our activities and we provided
technical advice to them and further information as required.

As a result of our awareness creating activities many people have visited our
office at Baraka Agricultural College for further assistance and requested us to
visit them at farm level to provide further support.

However, in the case of Baringo agricultural show, which lasted three days, there
was poor attendance and fewer people showed interest in beekeeping.
Probably, this was due to the background of the indigenous people of the district.
Most of them prefer a pastoralist life and appear uninterested in agricultural
shows. Also the target group in the district are traditional beekeepers who do not
attend such shows.




                             Activity 4
             Improved Apiculture skills and Management:

Field training

The following groups received field training in the 1st half of 2003 to improve their
apiculture skills and bee management during the six month period:

Tuum                               Victory
Kurungu                            Wasongorai
Baawa                              Mauche
Arge                               Lonjorim
Mbaruk                             Anderi
Itembe                             Kiproroget
Poi                                Kapkelei
Segemiat                           Sitoka
Simende




                                                                                    12
The first five groups were trained in Module II and III while the rest were trained
in Module I and part of Module II (see 2002 report for contents of different
modules). Follow-ups were made to groups trained last year and necessary
additional advice given.

In the second half of the year the following field training was provided to improve
their apiculture skills and bee management:


1. Pwani
2. Taunet
3. Kumiat
4. Silbwet
5. Segemiat
6. Mbaruk
7. Chesa
8. Nakwamoru – in Turkana which is a non-target district
9. Sitoka
10. Techgaa
11. Chebai
12. Mutitu
13. Anuka

The above groups were trained on beekeeping modules I and II. As a result of
the training on hive making (residential course at Baraka Agricultural College)
many people have increased their number of hives since they can now make on
their own. Group and individual follow-ups were made and will continue so as to
identify any areas of weaknesses, which can be rectified.


Residential beekeeping courses.


The following is a summary of the numbers of clients sponsored on residential
courses at Baraka Agricultural College in 2003. (See annex 6 for details)

Business                                                     5



Beekeeping                                                   12


Leadership                                                   11

Artisan                                                      11

                                                                                      13
Honey processing and other bee                              15
products
Training of trainers (TOT)                                  17
TOTAL                                                        71

Our observations/feedback as a result of the residential training is that there is
better cohesion in the groups. Also practical skills training in subjects like hive
making has given local artisans confidence in making new hives at village level.
A follow –up of participants on residential courses will be carried out in 2004 to
measure overall impact.



Farmer’s own research.

Hive record formats were developed and given to fifteen beekeeping groups to
keep records. The exercise will continue and information collected will be
analysed and disseminated to others for learning purposes. Farmers will also be
trained on how to utilize the information to enhance their own beekeeping
enterprises.

Follow-ups on this shall continue to emphasize and encourage them on the
importance of record keeping for their own use the benefit of other farmers.

Research is a very important area that we need to expand in 2004. There are
many unanswered questions in African beekeeping and little research has or is
been done in Kenya or other African countries. It is important that we take this
opportunity to add to beekeeping knowledge.



Beekeeping Reference Manual


The activity to develop a beekeeping reference manual has now become an
activity of the Kenya Honey Council under the direction of Baraka as chair of the
KHC technical committee. See annex 4 to see the terms of reference of the
technical committee. The manual has now been developed to a draft stage and
currently is being reviewed by beekeeping stakeholders. The manual should be
completed and published by the next report in July 2004.




                                                                                      14
                                   Activity 5.
                    Improved Access to Equipment:

A honey warmer has been made at Baraka Agricultural College workshop. This
warmer is to heat crystallized honey. The warmer is being tested at the college
honey processing plant and will be made available for sale.

A honey press has been made at Nakuru town and will be tested before being
manufactured and sold at Baraka Agricultural College. The honey press is ideal
for rural farmers using traditional bee hives to extract their honey. One honey
press has already been sold to a project promoting beekeeping in Mombassa
(December 2003).

A candle making mould holder has also been fabricated as well as a wax
processing manual press – these simple items of equipment are on display at
Baraka Agricultural College.

Arrangements were made with Kenya Agricultural Research Institute, Lolgorian
Transmara district to establish a demonstration apiary at their research centre.
By June 2003 an open apiary had been established. By December 2003 a bee
house has been built and completed at the beekeeping demonstration apiary
site. KARI is managing the apiary, with support from Baraka field staff.

In Lare – Nakuru target district where a demonstration apiary had been
established in 2002, one farmer has constructed and completed a bee house,
two are still constructing and others are planning to copy and adopt the idea. In
addition bee houses have been constructed in Ngata area of Nakuru as a result
of the project interventions. One group completed two bee houses and twenty
occupied hives in each of them.

Bee houses constructed from local materials are an innovative response to the
problems of keeping bees on small farms where stinging is a problem. The idea
has been introduced to farmers in project areas (in particular intensive farming
areas) by the project (as a result of ideas from beekeepers in Uganda, Zambia,
Ethiopia and a visit to the SHDI beekeeping project in Eritrea).
Follow-up research on the impact of bee houses will be carried out in 2004.

Eleven people were trained for a one-week course on artisan held by the project
at Baraka Agricultural College. Follow-ups were made to some of those who had
been trained before. There is an increased number of hives being made locally
as a result of the training.




                                                                                    15
                                    Activity 6
                   Increased supply of quality honey:

From January to June 2003 eight beekeeping groups were trained on improved
honey quality. From June to December 2003 a further eight groups were
trained on honey quality. Two groups Sitoka / Nyakwer and Techgaa harvested
and sold honey to Baraka Highland Honey. Nyakwer sold 1.3 tonnes and
fetched more than one hundred thousand Kenya shillings (Euro 1,100). The rest
of the honey about 2.7 tons was sold to other marketing outlets.

Included in this activity was a trip to Slovenia in Eastern Europe by the project
manager to attend Apimondia 2003 held in August. There was an excellent
exhibition of apiculture equipment from equipment suppliers mostly from Europe
and in particular Eastern European countries. This was interesting as equipment
was cheaper than the major Western European and American suppliers. Some
items were purchased for the Baraka/SHDI beekeeping resource centre and
honey processing equipment was ordered.

At the Apiexpo were also many buyers of honey and many contacts were made.
Kenya is now certified to export to the European Union and there are no
shortages of buyers looking for Kenyan honey. The onus is on extension
workers to pass the message to producers to increase production in response to
the demand.

The next Apimondia (world conference on beekeeping) will be held in Dublin,
Ireland in August 2005 – see annex 7. Baraka/SHDI beekeeping extension
project intends to attend, exhibit at the Apiexpo if resources allow, and present a
paper at the conference to share experiences on beekeeping development with
others. This is the first time Apimondia has ever been held in Ireland and is the
major world beekeeping event. Being Irish funded it is important that we
participate in this event.

(In 2001 in Durban South Africa the Beekeeping Development Unit won a bronze
medal for beekeeping promotional materials at the Apimondia conference held
there).




                                                                                      16
                                    Activity 7
                 Improving Marketing of Bee products:

Fifteen people from beekeeping groups in our target districts were trained for one
week at Baraka Agricultural College on honey and other bee products processing
(annex 6). The course has improved considerably since additional processing
equipment was purchased through the project. With this equipment we can
demonstrate the proper processing and handling of bee products in a hygienic
manner. The equipment is on display at the College where many farmers (and
interested business men and women) who are not direct beneficiaries of the
project are benefiting by being able to see appropriate processing equipment.
Baraka Agricultural College has many thousand of visitors to the beekeeping
section every year who are indirect beneficiaries of the project. These visitors
are also able to enjoy the facilities of the resource centre where they have
access to beekeeping books and videos.


The project, through the extension staff continued to distribute promotional
stickers on the benefits of honey consumption to create understanding of the
value of honey. Stickers were also distributed to shops for point of sale displays.


The information leaflet on honey was replaced by a calendar for 2004. This is
because we felt that the leaflet could be too easily thrown away and may have
had little impact. With the calendar we are guaranteed that it will be used for at
least 12 months (see annex 3).


The honey reference guide has now become a common activity with other
stakeholders of the Kenya Honey Council. Collection of honey samples from
different project areas is continuing for information/display purposes.

The EU residue plan has been unofficially approved by the European Union. We
are yet to hear on the official confirmation but this is great news for the Kenyan
beekeeping sector. Kenya will now be able to export honey to the European
Union along with South Africa and Zambia. In terms of Kenyan honey the EU
market may open up opportunities for small amounts of high value fair trade
honey in the short term. However the key is to increase supplies produced
because there is still insufficient honey to even meet local market requirements
(considerable amounts of Tanzanian honey are sold in Kenya). This goes back
to training farmers at grass roots level to increase production of quality honey,
which is the core of the Baraka/SHDI project.



                                                                                     17
                                   Activity 8
                   Improved quality of honey on sale
Our advert on honey and entire beekeeping activities was advertised in the
Kenyan Daily Nation newspaper dated 7th February 2003 to enlighten the public
about our activities. Since then many people have either come or called for more
information and assistance on beekeeping. A copy of this was attached in the
July 2003 report.

In December 2003 another advert was placed in the Kenyan press (annex 2).
This advert had the dual purpose of promoting honey and raising awareness of
the newly formed Kenya Honey Council. A series of adverts has been designed
by the project and given to the Kenya Honey Council for placement in local
newspapers throughout 2004 to be funded from the council‟s own resources.




                                   Activity 9
         Enhanced Communication Information Exchange:

Beekeeping clients who attended residential courses, and other interested
visitors, had an opportunity to use our established resource centre with various
reading materials on beekeeping and other community development subjects
plus use of our video.

In August 2003 additional resource materials – books and videos were
purchased for the Baraka/SHDI Resource Centre at the college. These materials
have proved invaluable for training and also as a reference on beekeeping best
practice.

From January to June 2003 four exchange visits were held with farmers from
Hobeli and Mbaruk groups making a one day visit to the Lare demonstration
apiary, which is managed by the Franciscan Brothers. As a result of this visit one
person has completed putting up a bee house, two are still constructing and
others are planning to adopt the idea. Itembe bee group visited Kiproroget in
Bomet and Samburu groups to Mbaruk. Exchange visits are meant to provide
opportunities for the participants to see beekeeping methods and systems on
other farms or in other regions.




                                                                                   18
From June to December 2003 the project facilitated two exchange visits with
farmers from Segemiat group in Kericho visiting the beekeeping project
Manager‟s demonstration apiary (a bee house) as well as Chesa and Chebaibai
groups in Nakuru district. On seeing what others are doing participants felt
challenged and are now working hard to compete and not to be left behind by
others.




                                   Activity 10
         Capacity building of Kenya Beekeepers Association

(i) National Level:

Kenya Beekeeper‟s Association continues to exist in name only. There has been
no change in terms of any attempt to write a new constitution or hold elections.
In fact the KBA chairman is now a committee member of the Kenya Honey
Council. The KBA does not have any membership or in effect represent any
honey industry stakeholders or even beekeepers. The newly formed Kenya
Honey Council however is a dynamic young organization representing all the
major stakeholders in the industry. Baraka is a founder member of the KHC and
is chair of the KHC technical development committee (see annex 4). Activities of
this committee include the development of a national curriculum for beekeeping
in Kenya as well as a Kenya beekeeping manual (1st draft complete). With
assistance from the project we supported the development of the KHC brochure
and logo and a banner for use at a recent awareness evening at the Safari Park
Hotel in Nairobi (KHC brochure included in the last report). The launch of the
KHC will come in 2004.

By January 2004 it is clear that allot of work needs to be done to develop an
effective national beekeeping body. It is essential that the organization is able to
deliver results. In our last committee meeting (Baraka/SHDI are on the
committee) we decided to hire a full-time staff member to help us carry out some
of the tasks. It is vital that the organisation delivers services to members. The
project will continue in to work hard to promote the Kenya Honey Council and
develop its activities in collaboration with other stakeholders in 2004.


(ii) Local Level:

Meetings were held at district level with relevant collaborators where the project
staff briefed participants on project activities and the overall mission of the


                                                                                     19
Baraka/SHDI beekeeping outreach project. A key issue during these
collaborative meetings included the encouragement of joint work plans between
the project staff and partners.



3.2 Other project activities during the period under review


A. Staff Capacity Building:

1. Two staff members from beekeeping attended a three day workshop covering
monitoring and evaluation, report writing, project planning and proposal writing.

2. One staff member from the college attended a beekeeping workshop in
Arusha Tanzania on the future development of Tanzania beekeeping organized
by Heifer Project International.

3. One project staff member participated in a one-week course on micro finance
development and management.


B. Internal Project Evaluation

In December 2003 an internal project evaluation was carried out in five target
districts with nine groups randomly selected. A survey questionnaire was used to
interview individual group members in addition to a group discussion on a list of
questions. The purpose of the evaluation was to measure the impact of the
project on the community and to asses if the project is achieving the targets set
and make adjustments for 2004 as needed.

In additional to our own internal review we had a visitor from the Department of
Agriculture from Northern Ireland, Michael O‟ Donnell, who visited our client
groups to collect information for his MSc thesis in Rural Development from
Queens University, Belfast. Michael‟s results are annexed to this report (annex
1).

Internal Evaluation:

Groups targeted for internal evaluation were in the following districts:

   Nakuru
   Kericho
   Bomet
   Transmara
   Baringo

                                                                                   20
The key findings of our internal evaluation (Carried out by Thomas Kamau) were:

   The beekeepers are improving their beekeeping skills such as being able to
    divide colonies and therefore increase the number of occupied hives.
   The beekeepers are able to refine and process wax.
   They have gained confidence in handling bees.
   Some groups have reported increased yields of honey and increased sales.
   They use honey as a medicine.
   Improved group solidarity.
   Making and selling beekeeping equipment.
   Group members have received and benefited from residential short courses
    as well as field training.
   Project staff are competent and knowledgeable.
   There is good collaboration with other relevant stakeholders in areas of
    operation.
   Exchange visits have enabled clients to learn and share experiences.
   The project has assisted in establishing honey market linkages with the
    groups.

Areas where we need to improve during 2004:

   Provision of more reading materials on beekeeping.
   More practical lessons required – clients value our approach that
    concentrates on skills and practical training but they want more such
    practicals.
   More regular follow-ups from project extension staff are requested. There is a
    great demand for services and almost all groups said they need more visits
    by the extension staff.


At the end of 2004 a mid-term evaluation will be carried out by an external
consultant who will also evaluate the impact of the project at National level in
Kenya.




                                                                                   21
                                                                                   4
ANALYSIS


4.1 Summary of targets versus achievements for the period

In this section we look at the targets against progress achieved for the project
over the past six months July to December 2003. For the work plan for the
period see annex 6 in the last report (July 2003).



Summary of targets versus achievements July to December 2003:

      Project                Targets          Progress/           %     Remarks
      components and                          Achieved
      Activities
1.    Identify and
      organise clients
      and capacity
      building.
(a)   Conduct business         10 people             -            -     Course was
      management course                                                 postponed by
                                                                        College
2.    Expanded and
      improved                                                            The course
      beekeeping                                                         was excellent
      extension                                                            and gave
      services.                                                           participants
(a)   Conduct training of      15 people        19 people      127%        ToT skills
      trainers course                             trained
(b)   Develop farmer to                          Farmer to
      farmer extension          System             farmer      100%     New system in
      system                   developed          system                place for 2004
                                                developed.
(c)   Identify beekeeper        Identify         Identified    100%
      trainers               beekeepers in
                              each district
3.    Increased
      awareness of
      beekeeping.
(a)   Train secondary        Two schools      One school       50%      Still organising
      school students and    and two          trained and               to form

                                                                                   22
      assist to establish   demonstration       one demo              beekeeping
      apiaries.             apiaries            apiaries              club.
                                                established.
(b)   Develop and avail     Distribute          Distributed    100%   Stickers at
      beekeeping            stickers and                              point of sale
      promotional           beekeeping
      materials             calendars to                              Distributed
                            groups and                                2,000
                            collaborators                             calendars
(c)   Participate in        One                 Participated   100%
      agricultural show     agricultural        in one
                            show                agricultural
                                                shows and 4
                                                field days
3.    Improved
      apiculture skills
      and management
(a)   Beekeeping on site    15 groups           13 groups       87%
      training                                  trained
(b)   Identify beekeeper    Identify and        Identified in   50%   Follow-up to
      researchers           give out hive       and given to          be made to
                            record sheets       beekeeper             find if they are
                            to beekeepers       researchers           all keeping
                            in six districts.   in 3 districts.       records
(c)   Avail beekeeping      Avail to 30         1st draft ready 50%   Manual being
      reference manual      groups                                    prepared as
                                                                      Kenya Honey
                                                                      Council – 1st
                                                                      draft ready

5.    Improved access
      to equipment
(a)   Set demonstration     One apiary     One             100%       At KARI
      apiary                               established in
                                           Transmara
                                           district
(b)   Establish links to    One in each of Linked to       100%
.     equipment             six districts. local trained
      manufacturers                        artisans in six
                                           districts.
(c)   Conduct artisan       15 people      11 people       73%
      course                               trained
(d)   Avail honey           Avail                          100%       One honey
      processing            equipment for                             press sold
      equipment for sale    sale at Baraka
      at Baraka

                                                                                 23
6.    Increased supply
      of quality honey.
(a)   Train beekeepers        10 groups        Eight groups   80%
      groups at village                        trained
      level on quality
      honey.
(b)   Purchase training       Equipment        Equipment      100%
      equipment for honey     purchased        purchased
(c)   Participate in
      Apimondia                                Attended       100%
      conference in                            conference
      Slovenia
7.    Improved
      marketing of bee
      products.                                                      Course getting
(a)   Conduct processing      15 people        15 people      100%   better as we
      and packaging of                         trained               add more
      bee products course                                            equipment

(b)   Compile reference
      guide on flora of                                              On going
      Kenya, key producer     All (6) target   -                     activity –
      associating and type    districts                              better
      of seasonal                                                    implemented
      availability of honey                                          as part of
      by production                                                  Kenya Honey
      seasons.                                                       Council
8.    Standardize honey
      quality
(a)   Launch Kenya            Launch                                 KHC launch
      Honey Council.          council                                postponed to
                                                                     2004

(b)   Honey PR advert in                                      100%   Advert for the
      the Kenyan Press                                               new (annex 2)
9.    Improve
      communication
      and information
(a)   Facilitate exchange           Two              Two      100%
      visits

(b)   Develop resource           On-going          On-going   100%   Additional
      centre                                                         materials
                                                                     purchased
(c)   Prepare project                                           -    Newsletter
      annual newsletter                                              postponed to

                                                                              24
                                                                          early 2004
10. Collaboration and
    networking.
(a) Facilitate meetings                                          50%      Participated in
    of Kenya Honey                                                        a number of
    Council and                                                           meetings of
    launching                                                             KHC – launch
                                                                          postponed by
                                                                          KHC
                                                                          committee

(c)        Participate as an                                     100%     Time and
           active member at                                               resources
           National level and                                             invested at
           promote beekeeping                                             National level.
           Nationally and
           regionally


4.2 Constraints:

(I).        Low adoption rate among some group members due to badly formed
            groups.
(II).       Seasonal migration among some pastoralist communities.
(III).      Insecurity of working with groups staying near game parks. Dangerous
            wild animals such as lions curtail nighttime practicals at beehives.
            (Transmara District).
(IV).       Cultural and traditional beliefs that inhibit women from practising
            beekeeping among pastoralist communities.
(V).        Heavy floods which led to some areas being impassable and unreachable.
(VI).       Increasing insecurity in pastoral communities due to cattle raiding. Two
            groups in Samburu were not reached because of this.


4.3 Positive factors:

           A new Government in Kenya
           Better economic prospects
           A new dynamic National Kenyan beekeeping organisation formed
           Residue plan allowing Kenyan honey exports to the EU approved in 2003
            (although this has yet to be implemented i.e. there have been no exports
            to date.




                                                                                       25
4.4 Comments from field staff:

   Farmer to farmer advisory services in beekeeping to be encouraged, as we
    cannot reach all the beekeeping groups that require our services.
   Emphasis to enlightened groups on self-reliance by encouraging them to
    continue improving on low cost and affordable beekeeping equipment instead
    of waiting to request and received equipment from outside which they cannot
    afford by themselves.
   Collective marketing of bee products from groups




                                                                              26
                                                                                5
CONCLUSIONS


In 2003 we have seen a much-improved environment for the development of
beekeeping in Kenya. This is partly due to the change in Government, which has
brought about a renewed sense of hope for the future and a changing and more
positive macro economic climate.

With an improved economic climate we hope will come better services to
beekeepers/farmers and improved local market conditions as incomes slowly
improve. We recognize however that an improvement in Kenya‟s economy will
take time. However indications are that with the new Government things are
moving in the right direction after years of stagnation. This gives rise to
optimism.

Other important changes in the past year are the coming together of key
beekeeping stakeholders and the formation of the Kenya Honey Council. Along
with this is the recent approval of the residue plan to allow Kenyan honey exports
into the European Union. Baraka, with the support of SHDI, as a key beekeeping
stakeholder in Kenya has had an influence in both these events.

The key emphasis on the ground will remain the same however – provision of
practical skills and knowledge to beekeepers and linking them to markets for their
bee products. This is the core of our project activity. However we realise that
there is an overwhelming demand for services from farmers. The project covers
a large area with a small number of staff. The only way to make an impact is to
work with and through other stakeholders such as Government and NGO and
church organisations to build their beekeeping capacity.
In addition we hope to build the capacity of farmers themselves to train other
farmers on beekeeping through farmer-to-farmer advisory services – this will be a
main area of focus for 2004.


We must also acknowledge the impact of the project indirectly – thousands of
visitors (including large numbers of school groups) to Baraka Agricultural College
on day release courses benefit through capacity building afforded by the project
to the college in terms of better equipment for beekeeping training. This
equipment has been carefully selected for its appropriateness for African
beekeeping conditions.


Another area of importance is collection of information from the project in terms
of best practice. We must add to beekeeping knowledge in Africa, which is all


                                                                                    27
too often lacking. This collection of relevant information will help us improve our
performance and also that of future interventions in African beekeeping.




                                                                                      28
                                                                                 6
RECOMMENDATIONS


The following recommendations have been taken into account when planning for
2004:


   Encourage our beekeeping client groups to diversify their income on the farm
    into other complimentary activities to beekeeping such as agro-forestry.

   On residential courses consider age factors and literacy levels when inviting
    people for residential courses e.g. artisan which involves carpentry, tailoring
    etc and the interest and experience of each person in that particular subject to
    be trained in must be considered.

   Farmer to farmer advisory services to be strengthened in response to
    demand for services.

   Enhanced collaboration and work through other partners to build their
    beekeeping capacity to improve reach to farmers.

   Work closely with the Kenyan Honey Council to build up the still nascent
    organisation.

   Collect data from on-farm research into different aspects of beekeeping in the
    African context and share this information with others to fill knowledge gaps in
    African beekeeping.

   In 2004 prepare for the Apimondia conference and exhibition in 2005
    including writing a paper on our experiences.




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ANNEXES




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