Challenges and Opportunities in Indian Agriculture by xnh13238


									    Challenges and Opportunities
         in Indian Agriculture

                   B. C. Biswas
        The Fertiliser Association of India
                    New Delhi

•   Shrinking land resources
•   Climate change
•   Declining Water resources
•   Demand for Organic Farming
•   Shortages of Plant Nutrients
•   High cost of Inputs
•   Inadequate credit availability
•   High Energy costs
•   Soil health problem
•   Negative Thinking

•   Scope of Food production exists
•   Adoption of BMP,IPM,IDM,INM
•   Adoption of Farming System
•   OF in Selected Crops and Areas
•   Contract Farming
•   Precision Farming
•   Corporate & Co-operate Farming
•   Use of Non traditional energy
•   Nutrient Fortified crop Plants
•   Use of Genetic Engineering
•   Use of Information Tech
•   Urban Agriculture
•   Paying farmers for ES

        Shrinking land resource
•   Urbanisation, Industrilisation, AEZ
•   New roads. New railway tracks,
•   New Airports, Ports,
•   About 50 % population in cities
•   Desertification, water logging
•   More & more from less & less lands
•   Super wheat 20mha—160 mt
•   9t/ha rice by SRI 30mha-270mt
•   Yield gap bridging 300mt
•   Genetic engineering (Transgenic)
•   Adoption of Farming system
•   Home stead farming, urban agriculture

                Water scarcity

•   HD for Agriculture, Industry
•   Human & livestock
•   Underground water arsenic
•   Apply water at critical stages
•   Crop & varieties needing less water
•   More use of Micro- irrigation system
•   Rain fed horticulture
•   Water & soil conservation

    Demand for Organic farming

•   Of demand increasing
•   Feed ever-increasing population
•   10 ha land to produce 1 ha
•   Nature has no quarrel with inorganic
•   Water is inorganic” Pran “
•   Plants take nutrients in inorganic form
•   NO3—N
•   Of in selected areas, crops
•   2.5 mha in North-east
•   Rain fed areas

       Plant Nutrient Availability
•   PNA is a serious problem, costly
•   Rampage over fertiliser shortage
•   More crop production, more removal
•   Increase in FUE,IPNS,
•   FSA, S&M farmers use more & balance
•   Balanced diet from BF

      Credit availability problem
•   Of late, Rs 71,000crores
•   Poor & honest farmer got nothing
•   Private money lender
•   Gramin Bank like BD
•   Agri-insurance

           Serious energy crisis
•   Agriculture-energy intensive
•   Needs diesel, electricity –sky rocketing price
•   Rs 180,000 subsidy after price hike
•   About 70% crude oil imported
•   Increase use efficiency
•   Use of non tradition energy-solar, hydro, etc.
•   Energy saving is energy creation
•   Spiritual energy/ ‘L’ energy

         Negative thinking (NT)
•    NT is poison, PT is nectar
•   Smooth road never makes good drivers
•   Iron will power, firm determination

       Impact of Climate change

• Global warming—wars, famine, population
• Half population risk of conflict
• Forty six nations-2.7bn people conflicts
• Dam Smith, Secretary General by 2020

       The Vision of a visionary
•    Fate of UK, USA, Russia bad
•    Eastern part of Bengal will sink
•   Volcanic energy– a part of Bihar
•   Deccan plateau --an island
•   World population reduction
•   New structure on bones &ashes
•   A new type of civilization on spiritualism
•    Size, shape & thinking of man to change
•   Indigo-children have already born

    Agriculture and climate change
•   Agriculture also contributes to CC
•   C02 CH4, N20
•   Nitrous oxide contributory sources
•   Name                    contribution(%)
•   Fossil FB                    14
•   Biomass burning               11
•   Oceans                        14
•   Natural soils                 43
•   Others                         7

     Impact of CC on agriculture
• On the basis of studies conducted most
  vulnerable areas are:
• Western Rajasthan, southern Gujarat
• MP, Maharashtra, nothern Karnataka
• Nothern A.P. southern Bihar

             Policy Issues
• Implication on food production, fresh water
  supply, health
• Factors responsible
• Human activities main reasons of CC
• In last 50 yrs 0.10C per decade atm temp
  increase taken place.
• IPCC (3000ST) GMT increase 2-40C by 2100

            Impact on water

• A few decades reducing 30.2 km long Gangotri
  glacier that feeds the perennial Ganges reducing
  at the rate of 17 m per annum
• This is likely to increase SL water rise between
  0.18-0.59 m
• Policy intervention needed

       Adoption and mitigation
• Mitigation is a preventive measure
• Adoption is a response to the ill effects
• Commitment of developed countries
• Canada, Japan, EU countries committed to
  reduce their emissions by 7.5 % under Kyoto
• At Bali conference, USA and Australia also
  agreed to

             Mental pollution
• The environmental crisis is a spiritual crisis
• As long as we seek to address one and not the
  other, we will not get far.
• We have to cultivate our ability to see the living
  spirit in the tree, in the mountain, and to know
  the life energy sustaining them and us is the
• Our brain is ill equipped to translate the subtle
  nature and spiritual magnitude of love energy
  events. It is not very good at expressing the
  subtle but powerful “L” energy received from the
  cellular memories tapped and released by an
  intimate heart to heart connection

    Solution of mental pollution
• Negative thinking (NT) is the cause of many
  physical and mental disorders

• Cheerful & healthy thoughts are a sign of youth

• Positive thinking (PT) is the solution of mental

• PT is capable of creating Mother Teresa ,a
  symbol of universal lover of humanity

• NT creates beings responsible for destruction of
  World Trade Centre

• Meditation can regulate mind to provide PT

• As answers are inbuilt in questions, so
  opportunities are impregnated in challenges

• As we have problems like shrinking land
  resources, scarce water resources, shortage of
  fertilizers, demand for OF, mental pollution ,etc.,
  we have also opportunities like higher yield
  potentials, FSA, BMS, IPNS, IPM, IDM, IT,
  meditation and so on

• We have to create awareness through massive
  campaign on Mission mode on war footing
  about the impact of CC

• Impact of CC on human lives and in agriculture
  has to be included in course curricula of schools
  and colleges

• We have to improve the UE of all inputs

• We have to properly use the spiritual energy
  inbuilt in us through meditation to get rid of the ill
  effects of NT

                 Thank you
           for your kind attention


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