Human Biology Newsletter The Program in Human Biology Stanford

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					         Human Biology Newsletter
 The Program in Human Biology | Stanford University                                                           Spring 2005




Sharing Tsunami Relief Lessons
When Dr. D. Scott Smith arrived in post-tsunami Indonesia, he knew the conditions were
ideal for a catastrophic outbreak of malaria . . .

                                                              says Smith. “The runway was piled high with relief
                                                              supplies. Buildings were leveled, leaving a half mil-
                                                              lion people homeless and exposed to the elements,
                                                              and there were unidentified bodies still lying
                                                              around.”

                                                              The relief team’s first task was to train Ministry of
                                                              Health volunteers on mosquito control. Pesticides
                                                                                                          continued on page 2

                                                              Director’s Message
                                                                                   When a natural disaster the size of
                                                                                   the Indonesian tsunami hits, the
                                                                                   ripple effects are felt around the
Tsunami waves had traveled miles inland, blanketing                                world. The complexity of coordi-
the countryside with pools of stagnant, salinated wa-                              nating relief supplies and aid work-
ter. Seasonal rains had diluted the salty puddles, cre-                            ers to different countries and cul-
ating the perfect breeding ground for the anopheline                               tures is staggering.
mosquitoes that carry the deadly malaria protozoan,
Plasmodium falciparum.                                          Jeffrey Wine     Dealing with these types of chal-
                                                                                 lenges is where graduates of the
Smith, who is Chief of Infectious Diseases at Kaiser          Program in Human Biology excel. Our curriculum
Permanente Redwood City and a Stanford Human                  integrates the natural and so-
Biology lecturer, was among the first geographic              cial sciences, and applies them What’s Inside
medicine specialists sent to the regional capital of          to the complex world in which Faculty News	 3         ........
the Aceh Province. Under the direction of                     we live. It teaches students       Peace Corps	     .......... 4
MENTOR-Initiative, a non-profit organization, this            how to take a holistic ap-         Research	 ................ 6
team’s goal was to prevent a widespread epidemic of           proach to issues, factoring in     Alumni News	       ........ 8
malaria and dengue fever.                                     local culture, social policy, and Reading List	    ........... 8
                                                              politics, as well as the biologi- Teaching	 ............... 10
“As our military transport plane landed in Banda
                                                              cal sciences.                      Awards	................. 12
Aceh, we were hit by the magnitude of the problem,”
                                                                              continued on page 8            ................. 12
                                                                                                       Donors	

                                                          1
                                 The Program in Human Biology | Stanford University

Tsunami
                                                                Smith feels that the prevention efforts of MENTOR-
                                    continued from page 1       Initiative were a success. The anticipated epidemics
were distributed, and teams of fumigators were sent             never materialized, and there was only one severe
out to spray each structure. Medical relief workers             malaria outbreak in Maulauboh, a town on the west
were taught to recognize the signs and symptoms of              coast. Smith adds, “The ironic thing about public
malaria and dengue fever. And drugs and diagnostic              health efforts are that when they work, you don’t
test kits were delivered to outlying regions.                   hear about it in the press.”

                                                                Smith recently shared his tsunami experiences with
                                                                Stanford students in his class, “Parasites & Pesti-
                                                                lence: Infectious Public Health Challenges.” At-
                                                                tended primarily by Human Biology and Environ-
                                                                mental Science majors, the course provides many
                                                                students with their first exposure to careers in public
                                                                health.

                                                                During this course, each student “adopts a parasite,”
                                                                learning everything they can about a specific organ-
                                                                ism. Students then share their research with the class.
                                                                Microbiology lab sessions complement the lectures;
                                                                and parasite reports are posted on a class web site,
                                                                making this information accessible to people around
The tsunami left over a half million homeless in Aceh           the world.
Province, Indonesia.
                                                                Smith also invites a number of public health officials
Many of the traditional approaches to mosquito con-             to conduct guest lectures, building connections be-
trol were not particularly applicable in Indonesia, in          tween students and the community. For example,
the context of this disaster. For example, while dis-           Karen Smith, Napa County’s Tuberculosis Control
tribution of insecticide-treated bed-nets might help            Officer, spoke to the students about drug-resistant
prevent bites from the female anopheline mosquito,              tuberculosis and local responses to the SARS out-
the vector for malaria, it wouldn’t work well against           break. Chindy Peavy, Vector Ecologist at San Mateo
Aedes aegypti, the day-time feeding mosquito that               County Mosquito Abatement District, lectured on
carries the virus that causes dengue fever. Instead,            entomology, and Beth Schultz, from SMCPH San
the team focused on Indoor Residual Spraying (IRS)              Mateo County Public Health, illustrated the tech-
and educational campaigns on how to prevent mos-                niques for outbreak investigations with real exam-
quito breeding in peridomestic water sources.                   ples from around the county.
Smith notes that recent advances in communications              “In this course, I try to give students an appreciation
technology were a real boon in this natural disaster.           for diseases beyond our borders,” says Smith. “Be-
Satellite phones, portable computers, and memory                cause with the prevalence of international travel, dis-
sticks allowed relief workers to share maps and co-             eases like SARS, HIV, and tuberculosis are just an
ordinate supply distribution, even with a breakdown             airplane ride away. It’s crucial that we learn how to
of local communication infrastructure.                          handle these growing threats.” §

                                                                 >>For more: http://www.stanford.edu/class/humbio103/
                                                            2
                                The Program in Human Biology | Stanford University


Faculty News                                                                  Jerry Yang and Akkiko Yamazaki
                                                                              University Fellow in Undergradu-
                                                                              ate Education. Durham is known
                                                                              for uniting biological and cultural
                                                                              anthropological theory. His book
                                                                              Coevolution: Genes, Culture and
                                                                              Human Diversity, has been de-
                                                                              scribed as one of the most impor-
                                                                              tant works of theory ever written
                                                                              by an anthropologist.
                                       Robert Simoni, professor of Bio-
                                       logical Sciences, was awarded the
Russell Fernald, the Benjamin          inaugural Donald Kennedy En-
Scott Crocker Professor of Human       dowed Professorship in recogni-
Biology, was jointly awarded the       tion of scholarly achievement and
Rank Prize in opto-electronics for     departmental leadership. Donald
“work on compensation for chro-        Kennedy, the namesake of the
matic defocus in lenses of verte-      chair and the founder of the Pro-
brates.” Established in 1972 by        gram in Human Biology, began
Lord and Lady Rank, the Rank           teaching at Stanford in 1960. He
prizes are awarded every two           was the president of the University
years in the fields of optoelec-       from 1980 to 1992. Kennedy is          H. Craig Heller was named as a
tronics and nutrition. He shares the   currently working at the Stanford      Bass University Fellow in Under-
Rank Prize with Ronald Kröger in       Institute for International Studies,   graduate Education, joining the
Sweden, Melanie Campbell in            where he co-directs the Environ-       ranks of fellow Human Biology
Canada, and Hans-Joachim               mental Studies Program. He is          professors Russell Fernald and
Wagner in Germany.                     also editor-in-chief of Science        William Durham. Eight university
                                       magazine.                              professors were chosen for the
Fernald’s research investigated the                                           honor, which recognizes faculty
optics of animal eyes. Studying                                               members who have demonstrated
the African cichlid fish, Hap-                                                exceptional commitment to teach-
lochromis burtoni, his team dis-                                              ing and mentoring undergraduate
covered that fish eye lenses use a                                            students. Heller is the Lokey/
carefully designed refractive index                                           Business Wire Professor of Bio-
gradient to focus blue, red, and                                              logical Sciences and Human Biol-
green light to a common location.                                             ogy in the School of Humanities
                                                                              and Sciences. He is a former Bing
“Well-focused color images are                                                Professor of Human Biology and
thus created by a single lens, an                                             received the Walter J. Gores
accomplishment that had been                                                  Award for Excellence in Teaching.
thought to be impossible because       William H. Durham, the Bing
                                                                              Professor Heller does research in
of the laws of physics,” Fernald       Professor in Human Biology and
                                                                              the neurobiology of sleep and cir-
explained.                             former director of the Program in
                                                                              cadian rhythms, in addition to his
                                       Human Biology, was named the
                                                                              work on exercise physiology. §

                                                        3
                                 The Program in Human Biology | Stanford University



Peace
                                                                                My Month Anniversary

                                                                                Today is the one-month anniver-
                                                                                sary of my arrival in Chiquián, a


Corps
                                                                                town of 5,000 residents located
                                                                                about six hours north of Lima.

                                                                                My main job with the Peace Corps


Diary                                   The rooftops of Chiquián.
                                        my behind pressed down against
                                        the pointed edges of the rocks.
                                                                                is to help the local health promot-
                                                                                ers educate the townspeople about
                                                                                better hygiene and nutrition. The
                                                                                local health post staff would like
From 2002-2004, Silvia
                                                                                me to start giving talks, or charlas,
Chiang (BA ’02) served in               After five minutes of transporta-
                                        tion hell, we drove into view of
the Peace Corps in two
                                        the Huayhuash Mountains. The
small towns located in                  peaks glistened like giant dragon’s
the Peruvian Andes. Here                teeth, jutting into the sky against a
are some excerpts from                  red-orange sunset.
her letters to home.                    As the van snaked its way up the
                                        mountain, I alternated between
                                        facing the Huayhuash and having         Chiang (third from right) and the health
                                        my back towards them. With each         promoters of Chiquián.
                                        passing switchback, the colors of
                                        the sky changed, casting the            to teach the community about
                                        mountains with a different mood.        health practices. Since most of my
                                        The palette of the sky dimmed           three-month Peace Corps training
                                        from the warm red-orange to a           centered on charla-giving skills, I
Fifth graders in Carcas, Peru.          dramatic red-violet and, finally, to    feel fairly confident in helping
                                        a dark steel blue.                      them with this goal.
Road to Chiquián                                                                In Carcas, we’re working to im-
                                        Meanwhile, the woman wedged in
                                        next to me kept complaining, in a       prove sanitation. They don’t have
I was the twenty-third passenger
                                        good-natured way, that her feet         latrines, so townspeople urinate in
in a 16-passenger van riding up to
                                        were falling asleep. Then after         chamber pots, then dump them on
Chiquián. I sat on a giant sack of
                                        awhile, she told me that she            the ground. When they have to do
rocks, so close to the van’s sliding
                                        couldn’t feel her feet anymore.         “number two,” they scurry down
door that I had to twist my body so
                                                                                to an isolated patch of riverbank.
that my legs would fit in the verti-
                                        But the chameleon-like beauty of        Animals run loose inside houses,
cal space above the step. For the
                                        the Huayhuash Mountains contin-         and no great effort is made to
45-minute ride, I sat with my
                                        ued to amaze me, and the trip was       clean up the animal feces on the
knees and calves pushed up
                                        well worth the discomfort.              dirt paths that crisscross through
against the door, my forehead
                                                                                town. Garbage bins have been
plastered against the window, and
                                                                                built, but the community does not


                                                           4
                                  The Program in Human Biology | Stanford University
use them; instead, they pile up          and television. I often wake up in      immune to the cold. (There have
their trash in a field near the river.   the middle of the night because         been nights when I’ve had to sleep
                                         my bug bites itch so much. So I         in my 15-degree, goose-down
I am beginning a campaign to             try to take things day by day.          sleeping bag with four wool blan-
convince the community to build                                                  kets layered on top).
public latrines and to use trash         Mondongo Soup
cans instead of dumping their                                                    Meeting el Presidente
trash in fields. Unfortunately, there    This afternoon, while hiking up
are a lot of hurdles to overcome         the mountain to Chiquián from           Today I’m in Lima for a Peace
with both of these projects. The         Carcas, a family eating lunch by        Corps conference. The American
volunteers don’t always show up          the road invited me to join them        ambassador and his wife invited
to our meetings, and the towns-          and offered me some delicious           us to their home for a delicious
people don’t appear particularly         mondongo soup. After a few cau-         buffet lunch. The guest list in-
motivated to change their habits.        tious sips, I asked what the main       cluded former Peace Corps volun-
                                         ingredient was and then nearly          teers and the president of Peru,
                                         turned green when I heard the an-       Alejandro Toledo, a Stanford
                                         swer – sheep intestines. A few          graduate.
                                         more sips later, I complimented
                                         the mother on her wonderful cook-       President Toledo spoke about his
                                         ing, thanked her for her generos-       admiration for the different per-
                                         ity, and expressed my disappoint-       spective that Peace Corps service
                                         ment that unfortunately I couldn’t      gives his people. He took the time
                                         eat any more because I felt so full.    to ask each of us where we were
                                                                                 living and how we were enjoying
I’ve already given two educational
                                         On Friday I’ll teach another nutri-     our stay in his country.
talks about self-esteem—one to a
                                         tion lesson to some school kids,
group of madres cuidadores (day-                                                 As my Peace Corps service comes
                                         and then on Sunday it’s back to
care nannies) and one to a group                                                 to an end, I know that the thing
                                         Carcas for a lesson about vitamin
of new and expectant mothers. I                                                  that I’ll appreciate most from my
                                         A, vitamin C, iron, calcium, and
also taught my first English class                                               time in Peru is the genuine kind-
                                         iodine. The women in Carcas also
yesterday to some of the staff in                                                ness of my friends here. Sra.
                                         want me to teach them how to
the health center, plus a few oth-                                               Manuela, the woman who sells me
                                         cook some healthy dishes. Since
ers. We spent a good amount of                                                   produce, gives me lessons on
                                         the Peace Corps is theoretically
time trying to pronounce “th,”                                                   Quechua, the indigenous language
                                         about sustainable development,
which is difficult for Spanish                                                   passed down from the Inca Em-
                                         I’ll train the local health promoters
speakers. I’m also conducting a                                                  pire. Sra. Betty, the hostel owner
                                         to give these health lessons. In
survey to assess the health knowl-                                               who lives across the street, always
                                         theory, this training will last the
edge of local women, so we can                                                   seems to sense when I’m feeling
                                         two years I’m here, so that when
figure out where to fill in.                                                     down or lonely, and she invites me
                                         I’m gone, they will be able to give
                                         the lessons themselves.                 over for homemade apple jam and
So far my Peace Corps experience
                                                                                 bread. Sonia, the health promoter
has been extremely challenging.
                                         I guess I’m doing all right now. I      in Carcas, has also become a good
Two years seems like forever to be
                                         didn’t sign up for this job because     friend. She always makes me feel
away from the comforts of famil-
                                         I thought it would be easy. At least    welcome in her home, feeding me
iar food, a heater (it gets pretty
                                         I’m eating better, and I’m more         and giving me little gifts. §
cold at 3,300 meters), hot showers,
                                                          5
                               The Program in Human Biology | Stanford University

Parikh Wins Deans’                    status in the fish, Haplochromis         What is HB-REX?
                                      burtoni.
Award for Hormone
Research                              In collaboration with Dr. Tricia         The Human Biology Research Ex-
                                                                               ploration (HB-REX) program al-
                                      Clement, Parikh linked endocrino-
                                                                               lows some 40 Human Biology ma-
                                      logical processes to behavior. In
                                                                               jors to begin research early in their
                                      this study, she found that when a
                                                                               undergraduate careers under close
                                      fish is socially challenged by a
                                                                               faculty mentorship. Associate Pro-
                                      video image of another fish, there
                                                                               fessor Anne Fernald, the program
                                      is a measurable change in the
                                                                               director, leads the effort to find
                                      fish’s circulating hormones.
                                                                               mentors, to secure funding, and to
                                                                               match interested sophomore stu-
                                                                               dents with summer research pro-
                                                                               jects. This unique opportunity al-
                                                                               lows undergraduates to immerse
Victoria Parikh, a senior in the                                               themselves in a subject, gaining
Program in Human Biology, was                                                  real world experience in the proc-
one of ten undergraduates awarded                                              ess of inquiry, investigation, and
the 2005 Deans’ Award for Aca-                                                 discovery that is at the heart of
demic Accomplishment. The                                                      Stanford’s Program in Human Bi-
award, now in its 18th year, is                                                ology.
given to undergraduates for out-
standing academic work. Nomina-       The focus of Parikh’s research is the
                                                                               At the end of their projects, HB-
                                      social status of Haplochromis burtoni.
tions are submitted by faculty and                                             REX participants share their re-
staff members who work closely        Victoria presented her work at two       search results with the Stanford
with undergraduates in their aca-     national meetings and is co-author       community. Last year two HB-
demic endeavors. Selection is         of a paper published in March            REX participants were awarded
made by a committee established       2005 in the leading journal in this      Stanford’s Firestone Medal for
by the deans of the three schools     field, Hormones and Behavior.            Excellence in Undergraduate Re-
that offer undergraduate degrees:     She is the first author in another       search. The first was Kara Eliza-
Earth Sciences, Engineering, and      paper that has been submitted. She       beth Bischoff for her research on
Humanities and Sciences.              is now completing her honors re-         “Asx Maintains Anterior-Posterior
                                      search measuring the levels of           Fate in the Drosophila Wing
Parikh was honored for her work       gene expression in response to so-       Through Regulation of Ubx.” and
on the role of endocrinological       cial challenges.                         the second was Yohko Murakami,
responses in behavioral coping                                                 on “Children’s Sensitivity to the
strategies. Through the HB-REX        Professor Fernald writes: “She is        Expertise of the Speaker When
program (see sidebar), Victoria       one of the top three honors re-          Learning New Words: A Cross-
joined the laboratory of Professor    searchers I have had the pleasure        Cultural Study.” §
Russell Fernald in her sophomore      of advising. Vicki has been work-
year, learning a wide variety of      ing at the level of a graduate stu-
techniques to answer questions        dent for some time and richly de-
about how the internal physiologi-    serves a Deans’ Award as recogni-
cal state and the external environ-   tion of her initiative and success.”
ment interact to produce the social   §
                                                         6
Research Report:                                               regulation ability. Because many psychological disor-
                                                               ders involve a deficit in emotion regulation skills, fu-
Exploring Emotional                                            ture studies in this research program will include
Regulation in Children                                         children and adults with particular difficulty regulat-
                                                               ing their emotions.
Kateri McRae (Human Biology and Drama ’02) is
working on a brain imaging project exploring how               McRae first paired with
children develop the ability to control their emotions.        Gross, Gabrieli, Gross,
The project, headed by John Gabrieli and James                 and Ochsner in 2001
Gross (Department of Psychology at Stanford) and               when she began to work
Kevin Ochsner (Department of Psychology at Co-                 on her Human Biology
lumbia University) is using fMRI (functional Mag-              honors thesis.
netic Resonance Imaging) to answer questions about
                                                               “The honors thesis was
the development of an important interpersonal skill:
                                                               an incredible introduction
emotion regulation.
                                                               to the world of neuro-
No one is surprised to see an infant burst into tears          imaging,” McRae says.
when hungry, or to see a toddler have a temper tan-            “I was exposed to the
trum, but such unregulated displays of emotion are             research process from
                                                               start to finish, and was    Kateri McRae
                                       rare in adults.
                                       What parts of           able to contribute to each
                                       the brain must          phase of the project – which is rare in an undergradu-
                                       develop to en-          ate research experience.”
                                       able such con-
                                                               More important than acquiring the data acquisition
                                       trol? One key
                                                               skills she now uses on the project, McRae credits the
                                       brain region is
                                                               Human Biology program with instilling in her the
                                       the prefrontal
                                                               critical thinking that is necessary for good science.
                                       cortex, which
                                       doesn’t fully           “When you’re using a complex method like fMRI, it
                                       mature until            is necessary to carefully examine each of the links
An fMRI scan, courtesy of the Gabrieli early adulthood,
Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory                              between the initial hypothesis and the final conclu-
                                       and has been            sions, in order to be sure that the science is as strong
                                       found to be cru-        as possible.”
cial in regulating emotional responses in adults.
McRae and the rest of the team are curious about               For details on this or related projects, contact Kateri
whether children use the prefrontal cortex to the same         McRae at kateri@stanford.edu. §
extent (or as effectively) as adults, when attempting to
control their emotional reactions.
                                                               Corrections
The current study focuses on the development of this           Our apologies for omitting Nathan Seldon’s (’86)
ability in healthy children ages eight and older, using        Dinkelspiel Award in our last newsletter. Selden adds,
slides to elicit emotion, and instructions that direct         “HumBio has profoundly shaped my professional ca-
children to decrease the emotions they feel. Initial           reer and touched my life in so many ways.”
findings suggest intriguing age differences in emotion

                                                           7
Alumni News                                               The associate director position is part of a new leader-
                                                          ship model for the center, now in its 20th year. Ac-
                                                          cording to the center’s director, Professor Len Orto-
Srinivasan Joins Haas Center                              lano, “The newly created associate director position
                                                          will allow us to enhance the center’s operations and
Alumna Srija Srinivasan has been appointed associate                          increase its effectiveness in linking
director of the Haas Cen-                                                     the public service of Stanford stu-
ter for Public Service, a                                                     dents with their academic pro-
new position that was           HumBio Reading List                           grams.” §
created to enhance the                                                              Courtesy of Stanford News Service
center’s operations and         Book recommendations from
increase its effectiveness      Human Biology students.
in linking the public serv-                                                   Comings & Goings
ice of Stanford students                   The Malaria Capers:
                                           More Tales of Para-                Henry C. Tung, M.D. was named
with academic programs.
                                           sites and People,                  corporate vice president of Global
Srinivasan, who received                   Research and Real-                 Surgical at Bausch & Lomb.
from Stanford a bache-                     ity by Robert S.
                                           Desowitz                           Rebecca A. Klein was named
lor’s degree in human bi-
                                                                              managing partner of the national
ology (1990) and an
                                                                              law firm of Loeffler Tuggey Pau-
MBA (1995), was se-
                                           What’s Going on in There?:         erstein Rosenthal LLP’s Austin
lected following a na-
                                           How the Brain and Mind             office.
tionwide search. She has                   Develop in the First Five
more than a decade of                      Years of Life by Lise Eliot        Lloyd Leanse was named vice
public service experience,                                                    president of business development
including leadership roles                                                    and sales at GridIron Software, a
in government, nonprofit                   The Spirit Catches                 developer of grid computing solu-
and philanthropic organi-                  You and You Fall
                                                                              tions for desktop software applica-
zations.                                   Down
                                                                              tions. §
                                           by Anne Fadiman
She also holds a Certifi-
cate in Public Manage-
ment from the Graduate                                                        Director’s Message
                                                                                                continued from page 1
School of Business,
where she was presented with the Ernest C. Arbuckle       Our lecturers come from many different backgrounds.
Award for her work within the school. After receiving     We offer an outstanding education in human evolu-
her MBA, she served as a John Gardner Public Serv-        tion, behavior, physiology, nutrition, neuroscience,
ice Fellow in Washington, D.C., at the U.S. General       environmental and health policy, and pre-medical
Accounting Office.                                        training. Collectively this provides students with a
                                                          knowledge base and set of problem-solving tools that
Most recently, she served as a program officer at Pen-    will help our society cope with disasters yet to come –
insula Community Foundation, helping direct more          from climate change to emerging diseases to global
than $9 million in grants to nonprofits serving the       healthcare. §
Peninsula and Silicon Valley.


                                                         8
Margaret “Minx” Fuller to Fill                                toral fellow in developmental genetics at Indiana
                                                              University.
Reed-Hodgson Chair
                                                              The Reed-Hodgson chair was established in 1973,
                       Margaret T. Fuller, PhD, pro-          through a gift from the late Richard Hodgson and his
                       fessor of developmental biol-          wife, Geraldine Coursen Reed, together with funds
                       ogy and of genetics, has been          from a Ford Foundation grant to the Human Biology
                       named to the Reed-Hodgson              program.
                       Professorship in Human Biol-
                       ogy. This year Fuller coordi-          Hodgson, who died in 2000, served as a corporate
                       nated the Cell and Develop-            senior vice president of the International Telephone
                       mental Biology module of the           and Telegraph Corp. until 1980. He was also a co-
                       Human Biology Core.                    founder and director of Intel Corp. as well as several
                                                              other technology companies. He received an AB in
                        Fuller’s research investigates        engineering from Stanford in 1937, and his wife, Ger-
the mechanisms that regulate and mediate male gam-            aldine, received an AB in philosophy from Stanford in
ete differentiation using the laboratory fruit fly Dro-       1938. The couple were strong supporters of Stanford,
sophila as a model system. A central focus of her             and other members of their family are also Stanford
work also concerns the mechanisms that regulate stem          alums.
cell behavior. She is also chair of the Department of
Developmental Biology.                                        The Reed-Hodgson chair is the second to be estab-
                                                              lished in the interdisciplinary Human Biology Pro-
Prior to joining Stanford in 1990, Fuller was a mem-          gram, which draws together six departments: biology,
ber of the University of Colorado faculty. She re-            sociology, psychology, psychiatry, genetics and pedi-
ceived a PhD in microbiology from the Massachusetts           atrics and human development. §
Institute of Technology and then trained as a postdoc-                                Courtesy of Stanford News Service

Schulman named                         Since coming to Stanford, Schul-
                                       man has taken an intense interest
Rhodes Scholar
                                       in clinical and social-science re-
                                       search. She joined the Medical
Sarah B. Schulman, a senior ma-
                                       School’s Division of Adolescent
joring in human biology and edu-
                                       Medicine to work as a research
cation policy, was one of 32
                                       assistant and study coordinator.
American students chosen as a
                                       And she spent last summer as a
2005 Rhodes Scholar. She will
                                       research assistant in the Office of
enter the University of Oxford in
                                       the Assistant Surgeon General in
England in October 2005.
                                       Washington, D.C.
Scholars were selected from 904                                                  thropist of the Year by the Na-
                                       She has also won awards for her
applicants, who were endorsed by                                                 tional Fundraising Executives.
                                       work in biology and received na-
341 colleges and universities. The
                                       tional recognition from the Ameri-
Rhodes Scholarships were created                                                 At Oxford, Schulman plans to
                                       can Cancer Society. She founded a
in 1902 by the Will of Cecil Rho-                                                work towards a D.Phil. in Com-
                                       national nonprofit consulting firm,
des, British philanthropist and co-                                              parative Social Policy. §
                                       and was named the Young Philan-
lonial pioneer.

                                                          9
                                  The Program in Human Biology | Stanford University

Teaching Science in
the Inner City

When Emily Bobel graduated
from Stanford’s Program in Hu-
man Biology (’03), she faced a
difficult career decision – to take a
lucrative job at a pharmaceutical
company or to pursue her passion
for teaching by joining Teach for
America.
                                           Bobel’s 5th grade science class in South Bronx
“The teaching position sounded           students missed most of the sev-            on cholera that complemented the
ten times more challenging and           enth grade science curriculum,              social studies curriculum.
fulfilling than the office job, so I     because their science teacher quit
took it,” says Bobel, who is cur-                                                    Bobel also signed her class up for
                                         the first month of school. This left
rently teaching eighth grade sci-                                                    the U.S. Department of Energy’s
                                         the class under the tutelage of a
ence in New York City.                                                               Minority Outreach Initiative and
                                         substitute teacher with no science
                                         background.                                 orchestrated a class visit by Assis-
Teach for America (TFA) is a non-                                                    tant Secretary for Energy Effi-
profit program that sends promis-        “I knew these students would have           ciency and Renewable Energy,
ing new graduates to teach for two       a difficult time passing the com-           David Garman. In preparation for
years in some of the poorest rural       petitive New York City high                 the visit, Bobel’s students built
and urban schools. Accepting only        school entrance exams without 7th           fuel-efficient model cars and cre-
about 13% of its applicants, TFA         grade science,” says Bobel, “so I           ated posters on hydrogen fuel
looks for new graduates with             got the principal’s permission to           cells.
strong academic and leadership           add life sciences into their curricu-
qualities. New recruits receive                                                      During his visit, Garman dis-
                                         lum.”
five-weeks of intensive training to                                                  cussed the department’s vision for
prepare for placement. Then in the       Recognizing the challenge of mak-           hydrogen-powered cars and the
fall, each TFA teacher is paid a         ing earth sciences relevant in an           need for the U.S. to reduce de-
beginning teacher’s wage, plus a         urban environment, Bobel bor-               pendence on foreign petroleum.
$4,725-a-year scholarship for            rowed the module approach used              He also brainstormed with the stu-
graduate studies.                        in the Human Biology Core,                  dents on what it would take to
                                         teaching units on health issues ap-         market these cars to American
Bobel chose to work at the Star          plicable to the community setting,          consumers. Students, using their
Academy Middle School (MS-               such as HIV and substance abuse.            own model cars as examples, pro-
201), located in an industrial area                                                  posed that manufacturers make
of the South Bronx. It’s a “Title I”     For example, she paired a module            these cars “look cool.”
school, where more than 98% of           on the brain with a unit on how
students qualify for the free school     drugs affect memory and cognitive           In addition to teaching full time,
lunch program.                           functions. Drawing on her inter-            Bobel is pursuing a Master’s of
                                         disciplinary Human Biology                  Science in Education through on-
She started under a difficult set of     background, she designed a unit             line and summer classes. Like
circumstances. Her incoming 175

                                                           10
                               The Program in Human Biology | Stanford University

Storey House                          dents with a shared passion for        Program. It inspires students and
                                      human biology sleep, study, hang       increases the opportunity for aca-
Residents Get a Clue
                                      out, and dine.                         demic success.” §

                                      “The great thing about this house      Teaching Science
                                      is that it self-selects for people                     continued from page 10
                                      who are curious by nature and
                                                                             most of the Teach for America
                                      who are attracted to the interdisci-
                                                                             participants, she anticipates that
                                      plinary aspects of Human Biol-
                                                                             she’ll stay in education for the
                                      ogy,” says Tyler Dumm, a Hum-
                                                                             next few years.
                                      Bio senior.
                                                                             While teaching in an inner-city
                                      Each year, residents organize in-
It was a dark and stormy night at                                            school can sometimes be frustrat-
                                      house seminars related to Human
Storey House, a stately white                                                ing, Bobel says, “When I can take
                                      Biology. Past sessions have cov-
mansion on Stanford’s tree-lined                                             a group of kids who’ve never been
                                      ered stem cell research, HIV/
Mayfield Ave. In the shadowy                                                 exposed to science, and show
                                      AIDS cocktails, Romanian gyp-
light of the entryway, beyond a                                              them the world in a new way,
                                      sies, and African exploration. In
ribbon of crime scene tape, visi-                                            sharing those little moments of
                                      addition, students must deliver at
tors could see the outline of a                                              discovery, then I know I’m really
                                      least one academic presentation to
body on the stairs. There was an                                             making a difference.” §
                                      residents during the year. They
oddly placed candlestick in the                                              ______________________
                                      also invite inspirational speakers,    Anna Magdalena West (’02)
Billiard Room. And a mysterious       such as Sherri Fink, the humani-
note tacked up on the wall that       tarian physician and author of War     >>For more:
said, “Professor Plum will never      Hospital.                              Teach for America
get tenure.” All of which raised                                             http://www.teachforamerica.org/
the question, “Whodunit”?             As part of their exploration into
                                      forensic science, residents visited
“It all started when the Stanford     the Coroner’s office to observe an
channel broadcast a CSI mara-         autopsy, watched a lab simulation
thon,” said Devon McGee, a            of forensic science in action, and
HumBio junior and Storey House        learned how anthropologists use
resident. “Before long, most of the   forensic science to unearth clues
residents were huddled around the     on ancient cultures. They also
TV, hooked on this forensics show.    heard from a district attorney
And when it came time to decide       about the details of a local murder
on an academic focus for residents    investigation and listened to a
of the house, forensic science        documentary producer talk about
seemed to be a popular choice.”       infamous failures in forensics sci-
                                      ence.
Storey House is the Stanford
“theme house” that 45 students,                                              Emily Bobel, teaching in the Bronx
                                      Laura Fowler, a student who lived
mostly Human Biology majors,          in Storey House from 2002 to
call home. Located on the prestig-    2003, added, “Storey House is a
ious “Row,” next to the Braun         great asset to the Human Biology
Music Building, it’s where stu-
                                                       11
                                      Adam Glen Shapiro
Human Biology                         Bernard B. Shuer
Donors List                           M. Allen Sweet
                                      Marjorie L. Clark Swenson
Jan. 2003-May 2005                    Paul A. Swenson, M.D.
                                      Ernest Enjen Wang, M.D.
On behalf of everyone involved in
the Human Biology Program, we         Please notify us of any omissions, and
                                      we’ll be sure to include your donation in
thank these valued donors for their
                                      the next edition. lindab@stanford.edu
continued generosity. Their sup-                                                  How You Can Help
port helps Human Biology and the
School of Humanities and Sci-         National Award                              Our alumni, students, and faculty
ences attract the best students and   Recipients                                  are a community focused on mak-
faculty available.                                                                ing a difference in the world.Your
                                      Rhodes Scholarship                          contributions to our research,
                                      Tess Bridgeman
Marilyn D. and William F. Abrams
                                      Sarah B. Schulman                           education, people, and programs
Katrina Elaine Abuabara                                                           help make Human Biology gradu-
Robert H. Alway, M.D.                 Fulbright Scholarships                      ates a driving force in tackling the
Sophie Alway                          Elizabeth Kwo
Kayvan Ariani, M.D.                                                               many problems facing humanity.
                                      Kenneth Gundle
Rajesh Atluru                                                                     You can help build on this tradi-
Sheila Scobba Banning                 National Institute of Health                tion with contributions and the
Paul Basch Memorial                   Fellowship                                  sharing of your inspirational sto-
                                      Manisha Bahl
Melissa Anne Buckley                                                              ries. Contributions: Linda Barghi
Mikele Mariah Bunce                                                               lindab@stanford.edu
Fidelia Yuan-Shin Butt, M.D.          USA TODAY All-USA
                                      College Academic Third Team
Marion Catterlin
Colonel Russel
                                      (4.0 GPA)                                   Contact Info
                                      Manisha Bahl                                The Program in Human Biology
Kyle Catterlin                                                                    Stanford University, Building 80,
Nona Renee Chiariello, Ph.D.          NCAA Academic All                           Stanford CA 94305-2160
Julie Thuy-Nhien Do, L.C.S.W.         American (Field Hockey)
Roberta Ann Engelmann                 Emily Zander                                Director:
Christopher Bower Field, Ph.D.                                                    Jeff Wine
Matthew M. Frank                      Tanglewood National Viola
JFR Foundation                        Fellowship                                  Associate Director:
Mr. and Mrs. David B. Frohnmayer      Cindy Mong                                  Shirley Feldman
Memorial for Kirsten Frohnmayer
                                      USCB Bren Environmental Science             Program Administrator:
Emily P. Gibson, M.D.
                                      & Management Fellowship                     Linda Barghi
Michael Lane Ginsberg                 Niki Wilson
Lu Ann Hall                                                                       Program Secretary:
Katherine Cahill Horney               Merage American Dream
                                                                                  Robyn Duby
Anne Feng Hseu                        Fellowship
Kathryn A. Kohler, Ph.D.              Elizabeth Kwo
                                                                                  Student Services Coordinator:
Thane Kreiner, Ph.D.                                                              Lia Cacciari
                                      Kristin Frohnmayer Award
Prudence Bonita Lam, M.D.             for Excellence in Human
Erin Michelle Leydig                  Biology                                     Newsletter Writing/Editing/Layout:
Steven M. Lovejoy, Ph.D.              Tess Bridgeman                              Kris Newby
James Joseph Moore, Ph.D.             Sarah B. Schulman
Bernard Osher Foundation                                                          Newsletter Contributors:
Amy Jean Reid                                                                     Anna Magdalena West, Kateri McRae
Armin Rosencranz                                                                  This newsletter is available online:
Jonathan Schechter                                                                http://www.stanford.edu/dept/humbio/alu
Kenneth J. Schechter                                                              mni.html §

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